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phytoremediation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532163/desodification-from-calcareous-saline-sodic-soil-through-phytoremediation-with-phragmites-australis-cav-trin-ex-steud-and-gypsum
#1
Saeed Akhter Abro, Aijaz Ali Otho, Farooque A Bughio, Oan Mohammad Sahito, Abdul Rauf Jamali, Amanullah Mahar
The reclamation of saline sodic soils requires sodium removal and the phytoremediation is one of the proven low-cost, low-risk technologies for reclaiming such soils. However, the role of P. australis in reclaiming saline sodic soil has not been evaluated extensively. The comparative reclaiming role of P. australis and gypsum was evaluated in a column experiment on a sandy clay saline sodic soil with ECe 74.7 dS m(-1), SAR 63.2, Na(+) 361 g kg(-1) and pH 8.46. The gypsum at 100% soil requirement, planting common reed (P...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532161/modelling-of-phytoextraction-efficiency-of-microbially-stimulated-salix-dasyclados-l-in-the-soils-with-different-speciation-of-heavy-metals
#2
Michał Złoch, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Jarosław Tyburski, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz
Bioaugmentation of soils with selected microorganisms during phytoextraction can be the key solution, but the actual efficacy of this technology should be confirmed for different physicochemical soil parameters and heavy metal availability to guarantee the universality of this method. Equally important is development of the accurate prediction tool to manage phytoremediation process.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the role of three metalotolerant siderophore-producing Streptomyces sp. B1-B3 strains in the phytoremediation of heavy metals with the use of S...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532158/particulate-matter-heavy-metals-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-accumulation-on-the-leaves-of-tilia-cordata-mill-in-five-polish-cities-with-different-level-of-air-pollution
#3
Robert Popek, Adrian Łukowski, Christopher Bates, Jacek Oleksyn
Urbanized areas are struggling with the problem of air pollution and when the number of people living in cities increasing, the situation is likely to deteriorate. One of the most harmful pollutants is particulate matter (PM). Increased levels of PM in the atmosphere are likely to have a negative impact on human health. Phytoremediation technology could be a solution. It involves plants acting as bio-filters by accumulating particles on, and in the leaves, which removes the particles from the atmosphere.This study looks at the accumulation of PM including heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), on the foliage of small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata Mill...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531837/possible-developments-for-ex-situ-phytoremediation-of-contaminated-sediments-in-tropical-and-subtropical-regions-review
#4
REVIEW
Marco Pittarello, Jader Galba Busato, Paolo Carletti, Leonardo Barros Dobbss
The growing problem of remediation of contaminated sediments dredged from harbor channels needs to be resolved by a cost effective and sustainable technology. Phytoremediation, by ex situ remediation plants, seems to have the potential to replace traditional methods in case of moderately contaminated sediments. On the other side, the need to mix sediments with soil and/or sand to allow an easier establishment of most employed species causes an increase of the volume of the processed substrate up to 30%. Moreover the majority of phytoremediating species are natives of temperate climate belt...
April 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531658/co-plantation-of-aquatic-macrophytes-typha-angustifolia-and-paspalum-scrobiculatum-for-effective-treatment-of-textile-industry-effluent
#5
Vishal V Chandanshive, Niraj R Rane, Asif S Tamboli, Avinash R Gholave, Rahul V Khandare, Sanjay P Govindwar
Field treatment of textile industry effluent was carried out in constructed drenches (91.4m×1.2m×0.6m; 65.8m(3)) planted independently with Typha angustifolia, Paspalum scrobiculatum and their co-plantation (consortium-TP). The in situ treatment of effluent by T. angustifolia, P. scrobiculatum and consortium-TP was found to decrease ADMI color value by 62, 59 and 76%, COD by 65, 63 and 70%, BOD by 68, 63 and 75%, TDS by 45, 39 and 57%, and TSS by 35, 31 and 47%, respectively within 96h. Heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium and lead were also removed up to 28-77% after phytoremediation...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525817/comparative-analysis-of-element-concentrations-and-translocation-in-three-wetland-congener-plants-typha-domingensis-typha-latifolia-and-typha-angustifolia
#6
Giuseppe Bonanno, Giuseppe Luigi Cirelli
This study analyzed the concentrations and distributions of Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in three different cattail species growing spontaneously in a natural wetland subject to municipal wastewater and metal contamination. The cattail species included Typha domingensis, T. latifolia and T. angustifolia. Results showed that all Typha species have similar element concentrations in roots, rhizomes and leaves, and similar element mobility from sediments to roots and from roots to leaves. This study corroborated three patterns of Typha species growing in metal contaminated environments: high tolerance to toxic conditions, bulk element concentrations in roots, and restricted element translocation from roots to leaves...
May 16, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523616/the-effect-of-multiple-contamination-of-soil-on-lmw-and-mmw-pahs-accumulation-in-the-roots-of-rubus-fruticosus-l-naturally-growing-near-the-copper-mining-and-smelting-complex-bor-east-serbia
#7
Slađana Č Alagić, Vesna P Stankov Jovanović, Violeta D Mitić, Jelena S Nikolić, Goran M Petrović, Snežana B Tošić, Gordana S Stojanović
Samples of roots and spatial soils of native Rubus fruticosus L. were collected from the spots positioned at different distances from the copper smelter and city heating plants in the industrial zone of the town of Bor (Serbia) and subjected to chemical analyses in order to determine the content of several heavy metals, and 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the results for 9 low and medium molecular weight PAHs (LMW and MMW PAHs) are represented and processed using the calculation of bio-concentration factors and statistical methods such as hierarchical cluster analysis and Pearson's correlation study with the aim of investigating the plant capabilities for their uptake from the soil and later accumulation into the root tissue, under the hostile circumstances of multiple contamination...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521165/alteration-of-trace-element-concentrations-in-plants-by-adhering-particles-methods-of-correction
#8
Solveig Pospiech, Wiebke Fahlbusch, Benedikt Sauer, Tino Pasold, Hans Ruppert
Trace element concentrations in plants may be influenced by airborne dust or adhering soil particles. Neglecting adhering particles in plant tissue leads to misinterpretation of trace element concentrations in research fields such as phytomining, phytoremediation, bio-monitoring, uptake of micronutrients and provenance studies. In case washing or brushing the samples prior to analysis is insufficient or impossible due to fragile or pre-processed samples mathematical correction should be applied. In this study three methods are presented allowing to subtract the influence of adhering particles in order to obtain the element concentrations in plants resulting only from uptake...
May 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509939/bioremoval-of-lead-using-pennisetum-purpureum-augmented-with-enterobacter-cloacae-vitpasj1-a-pot-culture-approach
#9
Anamika Das, Priyanka Belgaonkar, Aditya S Raman, Sofia Banu, Jabez W Osborne
Lead is a toxic heavy metal discharged into the ecosystem from various industries. Biological remediation strategies have been effective in the bioremoval of lead. In our current study, a phytobacterial system using Pennisetum purpureum along with lead-resistant bacterium (LRB) was employed for the uptake of lead. The LRB was obtained from lead-contaminated sites. The isolate VITPASJ1 was found to be highly tolerant to lead and was identified as an effective plant growth-promoting bacterium. The 16S rRNA sequencing revealed VITPASJ1 to be the closest neighbour of Enterobacter cloacae...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509844/influence-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-on-the-metal-bioavailability-plant-metal-accumulation-and-root-exudates-of-ryegrass-for-phytoremediation-in-lead-polluted-soil
#10
Ling Ding, Jianbing Li, Wei Liu, Qingqing Zuo, Shu-Xuan Liang
Lead is recognized as one of the most widespread toxic metal contaminants and pervasive environmental health concerns in the environment. In this paper, the effects of nano-hydroxyapatite (NHAP) on remediation in artificially Pb-contaminated soils and ryegrass were studied in a pot experiment. The addition of NHAP decreased the water- and acid-soluble, exchangeable, and reducible fractions of Pb, extracted using the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) method, whilst greatly increasing the residual fraction of Pb...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501771/mechanisms-of-efficient-as-solubilization-in-soils-and-as-accumulation-by-as-hyperaccumulator-pteris-vittata
#11
REVIEW
Yong-He Han, Xue Liu, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Hong-Bo Li, Yanshan Chen, Lena Q Ma
Arsenic (As) in soils is of major environmental concern due to its ubiquity and carcinogenicity. Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern) is the first known As-hyperaccumulator, which is highly efficient in extracting As from soils and translocating it to the fronds, making it possible to be used for phytoremediation of As-contaminated soils. In addition, P. vittata has served as a model plant to study As metabolisms in plants. Based on the recent advances, we reviewed the mechanisms of efficient As solubilization and transformation in rhizosphere soils of P...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501336/bioethanol-production-from-recovered-napier-grass-with-heavy-metals
#12
Chun-Han Ko, Fan-Chun Yu, Fang-Chih Chang, Bing-Yuan Yang, Wen-Hua Chen, Wen-Song Hwang, Ta-Chih Tu
Using plants to absorb and accumulate heavy metals from polluted soil, followed by the recycling of explants containing heavy metals, can help achieve the goal of reverting contaminated soil to low heavy-metal content soil. However, the re-use of recovered explants can also be problematic. Meanwhile, bioethanol has become a popular energy source. In this study, napier grass was used for the remediation of soil contaminated with heavy metals (artificially contaminated soil). The influence of bioethanol production from napier grass after phytoremediation was also investigated...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500547/effects-of-se-on-the-growth-tolerance-and-antioxidative-systems-of-three-alfalfa-cultivars
#13
Huiping Dai, Genliang Jia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the selenium (Se) tolerance and exploit the physiological mechanisms in roots, stem, and leaves of three alfalfa cultivars to different concentrations of Se for 60 days. Among three cultivars, Medicago sativa ssp. displayed the highest Se concentrations in tissues, the largest Se amount in aerial parts, the highest bioconcentration factor (BCF) in aerial parts, and translocation factor (TF) under Se stress. Under Se stress, induced O2(•-) production in roots and leaves and increases in free proline and activities of antioxidative enzymes were observed in M...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497297/assessing-the-influence-of-different-plant-species-in-drainage-ditches-on-mitigation-of-non-point-source-pollutants-n-p-and-sediments-in-the-purple-sichuan-basin
#14
Mathieu Nsenga Kumwimba, Bo Zhu, Diana Kavidia Muyembe
Three different types of ditches, each 300 m in length, were employed in this study. One vegetated constructed ditch (VCD), three natural vegetated soil ditches (NVSD), and three constructed ditches left unvegetated (UCD) as controls were investigated using simple in/out mass balances and uptake by plant species with a potential for phytoremediation and their mechanisms. Significant differences in the ditches were observed, suggesting the importance of plant species in nutrient mitigation. The removal rates of TN (total nitrogen) and TP (total phosphorus) were 64...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494357/biosurfactant-producing-microorganism-pseudomonas-sp-sb-assists-the-phytoremediation-of-ddt-contaminated-soil-by-two-grass-species
#15
Beibei Wang, Qingling Wang, Wuxing Liu, Xiaoyan Liu, Jinyu Hou, Ying Teng, Yongming Luo, Peter Christie
Phytoremediation together with microorganisms may confer the advantages of both phytoremediation and microbial remediation of soils containing organic contaminants. In this system biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas sp. SB may effectively help to increase the bioavailability of organic pollutants and thereby enhance their microbial degradation in soil. Plants may enhance the rhizosphere environment for microorganisms and thus promote the bioremediation of contaminants. In the present pot experiment study, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) residues underwent an apparent decline after soil bioremediation compared with the original soil...
April 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494299/mycorrhization-protects-betula-pubescens-ehr-from-metal-induced-oxidative-stress-increasing-its-tolerance-to-grow-in-an-industrial-polluted-soil
#16
D Fernández-Fuego, E Keunen, A Cuypers, A Bertrand, A González
In recent years, the use of woody plants in phytoremediation has gained popularity due to their high biomass production and their association with mycorrhizal fungi, which can improve their survival and development rates under stress conditions. In this study, mycorrhized and non-mycorrhized white birch plants (Betula pubescens Ehr.) were grown in control and a metal-polluted industrial soil. After 60days of culture, plant growth and metal accumulation, the content of photosynthetic pigments and oxidative-stress markers, as well as the enzymatic activities and gene expressions of antioxidant enzymes were measured...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494283/preliminary-study-of-phytoremediation-of-brownfield-soil-contaminated-by-pahs
#17
Šárka Petrová, Jan Rezek, Petr Soudek, Tomáš Vaněk
Our project was aimed at improving a brownfield in the city of Kladno, where an old steel producing facility used to be in operation. Ecological risk is mainly caused by the processing of co-products during coal production (tars, oils). Knowledge of toxicology and environmental aspects can help us protect human health and the environment. Primarily, we focused on soil sampling and identification of pollutants. Results showed that organic contamination on the site is very high. Average concentration of total petroleum carbon in the soil was about 13g/kg DW, which is much more than the maximum allowed concentration...
May 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488147/advances-and-perspective-in-bioremediation-of-polychlorinated-biphenyl-contaminated-soils
#18
Jitendra K Sharma, Ravindra K Gautam, Sneha V Nanekar, Roland Weber, Brajesh K Singh, Sanjeev K Singh, Asha A Juwarkar
In recent years, microbial degradation and bioremediation approaches of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been studied extensively considering their toxicity, carcinogenicity and persistency potential in the environment. In this direction, different catabolic enzymes have been identified and reported for biodegradation of different PCB congeners along with optimization of biological processes. A genome analysis of PCB-degrading bacteria has led in an improved understanding of their metabolic potential and adaptation to stressful conditions...
May 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485990/comparison-among-soil-additives-for-enhancing-the-pteris-vittata-l-phytoremediation-of-as-contaminated-soil
#19
Jun Yang, Shu-Shen Yang, Mei Lei, Jun-Xing Yang, Xiao-Ming Wan, Tong-Bin Chen, Xiao-Ling Wang, Guang-Hui Guo, Jun-Mei Guo, Shu-Qing Liu
Pot experiments were conducted to assess the effects of monoammonium phosphate (NH4H2PO4) and citric acid (CA) on the arsenic uptake of Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L. in two typical arsenic-contaminated soils (fluvo-aquic and brown soils) from Jiyuan City and Baoding City in northern China. NH4H2PO4 improved the biomass of P. vittata, whereas CA exerted no significant influence. NH4H2PO4 and CA both increased the arsenic uptake of P. vittata by 6.08 and 2.72 times, respectively, in fluvo-aquic soil and 4...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482187/heavy-metal-uptake-by-plant-parts-of-willow-species-a-meta-analysis
#20
Dávid Tőzsér, Tibor Magura, Edina Simon
Previous studies on phytoremediation reported contradictory or inconsistent results on the Cd, Pb, and Zn accumulation in and among plant parts of willow (Salix) species. We hypothesized that metals could accumulate in all plant organs in different concentrations and the metal accumulation in tissues would be increased with exposure time. Furthermore, we analysed the effect of soil pH on metal accumulation, and the correlation between metals. We evaluated published information on Cd, Pb, and Zn accumulation in root, stem, twig, and leaf of willow species using meta-analysis...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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