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Leonid Panchenko, Anna Muratova, Ekaterina Dubrovskaya, Sergey Golubev, Olga Turkovskaya
The result of monitoring of natural vegetation growing on oil-contaminated (2.0-75.6 g/kg) and uncontaminated (0.04-2.0 g/kg) soils of a petroleum refinery for a period of 13 years is presented. Floristic studies showed that the families Poaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and eventually Brassicaceae were predominant in the vegetation cover of both types of soils. Over time, the projective vegetation cover of the contaminated sites increased from 46 to 90%; the species diversity increased twofold: in the ecological-cenotic structure of the flora, the number of ruderal plant species decreased; and the number of steppe, i...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ha-Il Jung, Jinwook Lee, Mi-Jin Chae, Myung-Suk Kong, Chang-Hoon Lee, Seong-Soo Kang, Yoo-Hak Kim
Arsenic (As) accumulation in rice owing to uptake from the soil is a critical human health issue. Here, we studied the chemical properties of As-treated soils, growth inhibition patterns of As-stressed rice plants, changes in the As content of soil and soil solutions, and the relationship between As accumulation and As transfer factor from the soil to the rice organs. Rice plants were cultivated in a greenhouse under four concentrations of As: 0 (control), 25, 50, and 75 mg kg(-1). A significant positive correlation was found between available P2O5 and exchangeable K and between As concentration and available P2O5 or exchangeable K...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Evandro B da Silva, Letuzia M de Oliveira, Ann C Wilkie, Yungen Liu, Lena Q Ma
Proper disposal of As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata biomass (Chinese brake fern) enhances its application in phytoremediation. The goal of this study was to optimize As removal from P. vittata (PV) biomass by testing different particle sizes, extractants, extraction times and solid-to-liquid ratios. PV biomass was extracted using different extractants followed by different Mg-salts to recover soluble As via precipitation. Water-soluble As in PV biomass varied from 6.8% to 61% of total As depending on extraction time, with 99% of As being arsenate (AsV)...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
Jie Luo, Limei Cai, Shihua Qi, Jian Wu, Xiaowen Sophie Gu
The phytoremediation efficiency of various metals by Ficus microcarpa was evaluated through a real scale experiment in the present study. The root biomass production of the species varied significantly from 3.68 to 5.43 g because of the spatial heterogeneity of different metals. It would take 4-93 years to purify the excess Cd of the experimental site. Mercury was the most inflexible element which can barely be phytoremediated by F. microcarpa. After the species transplanted from the polluted soil to the clean site, Cd and Cu were transferred to the rhizosphere soil to different extent while the bulk soil was barely influenced...
November 7, 2017: Chemosphere
Mehdi Moameri, Masoomeh Abbasi Khalaki
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of Secale montanum trusted for phytoremediation of contaminated soils with lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). To conduct this study, soil samples were taken from contaminated rangelands soils around National Lead & Zinc Factory, Zanjan, Iran. In this study, which was performed in a greenhouse, after preparing the pot and treating soils with nano-silica (NS) and municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) amendments, 20 Secale seeds were cultured in each pot. The translocation factor (TF), the bio-concentration factor (BCF), and remediation factor (RF) were calculated to determine the phytoremediation capability of Secale...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Trung Kien Hoang, Anne Probst, Didier Orange, Franck Gilbert, Arnaud Elger, Jean Kallerhoff, François Laurent, Sabina Bassil, Thi Thuy Duong, Magali Gerino
The development of efficient bioremediation techniques to reduce aquatic pollutant load in natural sediment is one of the current challenges in ecological engineering. A nature-based solution for metal bioremediation is proposed through a combination of bioturbation and phytoremediation processes in experimental indoor microcosms. The invertebrates Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta Tubificidae) was used as an active ecological engineer for bioturbation enhancement. The riparian plant species Typha latifolia was selected for its efficiency in phyto-accumulating pollutants from sediment...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Rafael G Lacalle, María T Gómez-Sagasti, Unai Artetxe, Carlos Garbisu, José M Becerril
Contaminated soils are frequently characterized by the simultaneous presence of organic and inorganic contaminants, as well as a poor biological and nutritional status. Rhizoremediation, the combined use of phytoremediation and bioremediation, has been proposed as a Gentle Remediation Option to rehabilitate multi-contaminated soils. Recently, newer techniques, such as the application of metallic nanoparticles, are being deployed in an attempt to improve traditional remediation options. In order to implement a phytomanagement strategy on calcareous alkaline peri-urban soils simultaneously contaminated with several metals and diesel, we evaluated the effectiveness of Brassica napus L...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Xing-Jian Xu, Guo-Li Lai, Chang-Qiao Chi, Jie-Yu Zhao, Ying-Chun Yan, Yong Nie, Xiao-Lei Wu
In this study, the removal of nutrients and chlorpyrifos as well as shifts of planktonic bacterial communities in constructed microcosms were investigated to evaluate the influence of Phragmites australis, Nymphaea alba, and Myriophyllum verticillatum, and their combination, on the restoration of eutrophic water containing chlorpyrifos. Plant-treated groups showed a higher pollutant removal rate than did no-remediation controls, indicating that treatment with plants is effective at remediation of eutrophic water containing chlorpyrifos...
October 31, 2017: Chemosphere
Hunter W Schroer, Xueshu Li, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Craig L Just
New insensitive munitions explosives, including 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), are replacing traditional explosive compounds to protect soldiers and simplify transport logistics. Despite the occupational safety benefits of these new explosives, feasible strategies for cleaning up DNAN from soil and water have not been developed. Here, we evaluate the metabolism of DNAN by the model plant Arabidopsis to determine whether phytoremediation can be used to clean up contaminated sites. Furthermore, we evaluate the role of photodegradation of DNAN and its plant metabolites within Arabidopsis leaves to determine the potential impact of photolysis on the phytoremediation of contaminants...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
C S Schmidt, P Lovecká, L Mrnka, A Vychodilová, M Strejček, M Fenclová, K Demnerová
Numerous studies demonstrated that endophytic microbes can promote plant growth and increase plant stress resistance. We aimed at isolating poplar endophytes able to increase their hosts' fitness both in nutrient-limited and polluted environments. To achieve this goal, endophytic bacteria and fungi were isolated from roots and leaves of hybrid poplars (Populus nigra × P. maximowiczii clone Max-4) on an unpolluted and a risk element-polluted site in the Czech Republic and subsequently screened by a number of in vitro tests...
November 10, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Qiyu Lu, Jianhua Li, Fabo Chen, Ming'an Liao, Lijin Lin, Yi Tang, Dong Liang, Hui Xia, Yunsong Lai, Xun Wang, Cheng Chen, Wei Ren
Intercropping affects heavy-metal uptake in plants. In this study, three cadmium (Cd)-accumulator species (Stellaria media, Malachium aquaticum, and Galium aparine) were intercropped together in Cd-contaminated soil to study the effects of intercropping on co-remediation. Mutual intercropping significantly increased the biomasses of S. media, M. aquaticum, and G. aparine compared with their respective monocultures. The photosynthetic pigment contents of three species were not significantly affected by mutual intercropping...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
C Marisa R Almeida, Tânia Oliveira, Izabela Reis, Carlos R Gomes, Ana P Mucha
Autochthonous bioaugmentation for metal phytoremediation is still little explored, particularly its application to estuarine salt marshes, but results obtained so far are promising. Nevertheless, understanding the behaviour of the microbial communities in the process of bioaugmentation and their role in improving metal phytoremediation is very important to fully validate the application of this biological technology. This study aimed to characterize the bacterial community dynamic associated with the application of autochthonous bioaugmentation in an experimentation which showed that Phragmites australis rhizosphere microorganisms could increase this salt marsh plant potential to phytoremediate Cu contaminated sediments...
October 16, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ahmed Ali Romeh, Mohamed Yousef Hendawi
Fenamiphos is a systematic nematicide-insecticide used extensively for the control of soil nematodes. Fenamiphos and oxidation products have been known to induce water pollution, soil pollution and ecotoxicological effects on aquatic organisms, as well as heath issues. This contaminant can be removed by phytoremediation. Herein, we tested several strategies to improve the effectiveness of this technology. A combination of G. max plus Pseudomonas fluorescens was more efficient than G. max plus Serratia marcescens or G...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Ahmed Ali Ali Romeh
Azoxystrobin is a broad-spectrum, systemic and soil-applied fungicide used for crop protection against the four major classes of pathogenic fungi. The use of azoxystrobin use has induced water pollution and ecotoxicological effects upon aquatic organisms, long half-life in soils, as well as heath issues. Such issues may be solved by phytoremediation. Here, we tested the uptake and translocation of azoxystrobin and its degradation products by Plantago major, under cold stress and salt stress. The result demonstrated that azoxystrobin significantly accumulated in P...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Aastha Tiwari, Preeti Singh, Pooja Jaitley, Sushant Sharma, Atul Prakash, Rajesh Mandil, Soumen Choudhury, Neeraj Kumar Gangwar, Satish K Garg
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bacterial endometritis is one of the major causes of reproductive disorders including infertility in farm animals. Antibiotics are generally used for treatment of such disorders but now a days residues of antibiotics are of great public health concern, therefore, phytoremediation is being considered as an alternative to use of antibiotics. AIM OF THE STUDY: Present study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of Eucalyptus robusta leaves methanolic extract against endometritis along with the possible mechanism of action especially targeting inflammatory biomarkers...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Muhammet Dogan, Mehmet Karatas, Muhammad Aasim
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pollutions caused by industrial activities are one of the most serious threats to aquatic ecosystems. The aim of this study is to investigate the Cd and Pb bioaccumulations and diverse physiological and biochemical properties of Ceratophyllum demersum L. exposed to different concentrations of Cd (0.5-2.0mg/L) and Pb (25-100mg/L) in aqueous media for 1, 3 and 5 days. Cd and Pb accumulations increased with increase in the exposure times and concentrations, and the highest accumulation values of Cd and Pb were recorded at 2mg/L (2668...
November 1, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Tianxue Yang, Qiang He, Chunguang He, Aixia Wang, Lianxi Sheng
Dredging has been practiced to remove sediment impacted by persistent contaminants, such as heavy metals. Of these metals, lead (Pb) is of particular concern due to its toxicity. Therefore, dredged sediment containing Pb requires further mitigation. One method for Pb mitigation is phytoremediation of dredged sediment. In this study, the partitioning of Pb in sediment during phytoremediation by willow (Salix integra) was assessed. The results showed that, in general, the bioavailable forms of Pb declined with increased application of the standard Hoagland nutrient solution, which appeared to enhance the Fe-Mn oxide fraction and residual inert fraction...
November 2, 2017: Ecotoxicology
Xinhua Zhan, Mandang Zhu, Yu Shen, Le Yue, Jinfeng Li, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey, Guohua Xu
The contamination of agricultural crops by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has drawn considerable attention due to their carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and toxicity. However, the uptake process of PAHs in plant roots has not been clearly understood. In this work, we first study the radial uptake of phenanthrene in hydroculture wheat roots by vacuum-infiltration-centrifugation method. The concentration-dependent kinetics of apoplastic and symplastic uptake at phenanthrene concentrations of 0-6.72 μM for 4 h can be described with the Langmuir and Michaelis-Menten equations, respectively; whereas, their time-dependent kinetics at 5...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Lina Fusaro, Simone Mereu, Elisabetta Salvatori, Elena Agliari, Silvano Fares, Fausto Manes
Urban and peri-urban forests are green infrastructures (GI) that play a substantial role in delivering ecosystem services such as the amelioration of air quality by the removal of air pollutants, among which is ozone (O3), which is the most harmful pollutant in Mediterranean metropolitan areas. Models may provide a reliable estimate of gas exchanges between vegetation and atmosphere and are thus a powerful tool to quantify and compare O3 removal in different contexts. The present study modeled the O3 stomatal uptake at canopy level of an urban and a peri-urban forest in the Metropolitan City of Rome in two different years...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yang He, Jie Chi
Abstracts The results of phytoremediation of sediments contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by two submerged aquatic plants (Vallisneria spiralis and Hydrilla verticillata) at pilot-scale were reported for the first time in this study. During a 108-day period, the plants grew well, and more PAHs were dissipated in planted sediments than in unplanted sediments. At the end, dissipation ratios of phenanthrene and pyrene were 85.9% and 79.1% in sediments planted with V. spiralis, 76.3% and 64...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Technology
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