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albendazol

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239572/shrinking-risk-profiles-after-deworming-of-children-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa-with-special-reference-to-ascaris-lumbricoides-and-trichuris-trichiura
#1
Ivan Müller, Stefanie Gall, Lindsey Beyleveld, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Rosa Du Randt, Peter Steinmann, Leyli Zondie, Cheryl Walter, Jürg Utzinger
Risk maps facilitate discussion among different stakeholders and provide a tool for spatial targeting of health interventions. We present maps documenting shrinking risk profiles after deworming with respect to soil-transmitted helminthiasis among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Children were examined for soil-transmitted helminth infections using duplicate Kato-Katz thick smears in March 2015, October 2015 and May 2016, and subsequently treated with albendazole after each survey...
November 27, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232458/the-effectiveness-of-empirical-anti-parasitic-treatment-in-returning-travellers-with-persistent-abdominal-symptoms
#2
Batel Nissan, Tamar Lachish, Eli Schwartz
Background: Persistent abdominal symptoms (PAS) are common among returning-travellers. In the absence of sensitive tests to identify intestinal parasites, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms often remain a diagnostic challenge. In this study we examined the effectiveness of empirical anti-parasitic treatment in returning-travellers with PAS despite no positive stool-test. Methods: A retrospective study among returning travellers who approached the clinic between the years 2014 and 2016 with GI complaints without a positive stool-test...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218962/schistosomiasis-and-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-number-of-people-treated-in-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218582/application-of-fluorescence-emission-for-characterization-of-albendazole-and-ricobendazole-micellar-systems-elucidation-of-the-molecular-mechanism-of-drug-solubilization-process
#4
Josefina Priotti, Darío Leonardi, Guillermo Pico, María C Lamas
Albendazole (ABZ) and ricobendazole (RBZ) are referred to as class II compounds in the Biopharmaceutical Classification System. These drugs exhibit poor solubility, which profoundly affects their oral bioavailability. Micellar systems are excellent pharmaceutical tools to enhance solubilization and absorption of poorly soluble compounds. Polysorbate 80 (P80), poloxamer 407 (P407), sodium cholate (Na-C), and sodium deoxycholate (Na-DC) have been selected as surfactants to study the solubilization process of these drugs...
December 7, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196023/zataria-multiflora-would-attenuate-the-hepatotoxicity-of-long-term-albendazole-treatment-in-mice-with-cystic-echinococcosis
#5
Z Atayi, H Borji, M Moazeni, M Saboor Darbandi, M Heidarpour
Hepatic injury is the major limitation of long-term albendazole administration in patients with cystic echinococcosis (CE), which could give rise to cessation of treatment. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of Zataria multiflora aromatic water (AW) against the hepatic injury induced by long-term albendazole treatment in mice with CE. Fifty healthy BALB/c female mice were infected intraperitoneally by injection of 1500 protoscoleces per animal. Five months after infection, the infected animals were divided into five treatment groups including Z...
November 28, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190739/anthelminthic-activity-of-glibenclamide-on-secondary-cystic-echinococcosis-in-mice
#6
Julia A Loos, María Sandra Churio, Andrea C Cumino
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Current chemotherapy against this disease is based on the administration of benzimidazoles (BZMs). However, BZM treatment has a low cure rate and causes several side effects. Therefore, new treatment options are needed. The antidiabetic drug glibenclamide (Glb) is a second-generation sulfonylurea receptor inhibitor that has been shown to be active against protozoan parasites. Hence, we assessed the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological effects of Glb against the larval stage of E...
November 30, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186570/comparative-efficacy-of-drugs-for-treating-giardiasis-a-systematic-update-of-the-literature-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
José M Ordóñez-Mena, Noel D McCarthy, Thomas R Fanshawe
Background: Giardiasis is the commonest intestinal protozoal infection worldwide. The current first-choice therapy is metronidazole. Recently, other drugs with potentially higher efficacy or with fewer and milder side effects have increased in popularity, but evidence is limited by a scarcity of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the many treatment options available. Network meta-analysis (NMA) is a useful tool to compare multiple treatments when there is limited or no direct evidence available...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184259/isolated-peritoneal-mesenteric-and-omental-hydatid-cyst-a-clinicopathologic-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh
Hydatid disease (HD) is caused by Echinococcus granulosus and is endemic in many parts of the world. This parasitic tapeworm can produce cysts in almost every organ of the body, with the liver and lung being the most frequently targeted organs. Peritoneum, omentum, and mesentery are among these unusual locations, which can cause diagnostic challenge and treatment delay. This review provides information on the reported cases of the peritoneal, omental, and mesenteric hydatid cyst in the world during the last 20 years...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184009/disseminated-hydatid-cyst-of-liver-and-lung
#9
Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Hussain, Romana Idress, Muhammad Irfan
Hydatid cyst commonly affects liver followed by lung, but rarely affects both organs simultaneously. Here we presented a patient who presented with concurrent involvement of both lungs and liver. Patient presented with dyspnoea and generalised weakness with bilateral rounded opacities throughout the lung field of variable sizes. CT scan chest with contrast showed multiple rounded soft tissue density in both lungs and liver. Patient underwent mini thoracotomy which revealed multiple cystic lesions throughout lung...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178952/status-of-benzimidazole-resistance-in-intestinal-nematode-populations-of-livestock-in-brazil-a-systematic-review
#10
Lauren Hubert Jaeger, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa
BACKGROUND: Benzimidazoles (BZ) are a class of drugs widely used in veterinary and human medicine, creating a great selection pressure and the emergence of BZ resistance. We conducted a systematic review to assess the status of resistance and/or effectiveness reduction of BZ drugs in animal nematodes in Brazil, and make information accessible to the scientific community, as many studies are published in Portuguese. PubMed, SciELO Brasil, LILACS/Bireme, GNTD database, and Google Scholar were searched with no language restrictions...
November 25, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175395/sorption-of-albendazole-in-sediments-and-soils-isotherms-and-kinetics
#11
Dragana Mutavdžić Pavlović, Antonija Glavač, Mihaela Gluhak, Mislav Runje
Albendazole is a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug effective against gastrointestinal parasites in humans and animals. Despite the fact that it has been detected in environment (water, sediment and soil), there is no information on its fate in the environment. So, in order to understand the sorption process of albendazole in environment, the sorption mechanism and kinetic properties were investigated through sorption equilibrium and sorption rate experiments. For that purpose, batch sorption of albendazole on five sediment samples and five soil samples from Croatia's region with different physico-chemical properties was investigated...
November 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173540/characterization-of-multiple-life-stages-of-two-australian-fasciola-hepatica-isolates-in-sheep
#12
S D George, K Baker, L Lake, K Vanhoff, R D'Arcy, D Emery, P F Rolfe
Information on the susceptibility status of Fasciola hepatica isolates is lacking in the literature, even for those isolates considered to be laboratory reference strains. Four controlled efficacy studies were conducted on two Fasciola hepatica isolates from Australia, viz. 'Oberon' and 'Sunny Corner' with treatment at either 2, 6 or 10 weeks post-infection (wpi) as defined in each study. Fluke burdens and examination of livers occurred at necropsy in weeks 12 (Study 1) or 13 (Studies 2, 3 and 4) post-infection...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165384/solid-lipid-nanoparticles-of-albendazole-for-enhancing-cellular-uptake-and-cytotoxicity-against-u-87-mg-glioma-cell-lines
#13
Gregory Marslin, Karthik Siram, Xiang Liu, Vinoth Kumar Megraj Khandelwal, Shen Xiaolei, Wang Xiang, Gregory Franklin
Albendazole (ABZ) is an antihelminthic drug used for the treatment of several parasitic infestations. In addition to this, there are reports on the anticancer activity of ABZ against a wide range of cancer types. However, its effect on glioma has not yet been reported. In the present study, cytotoxicity of ABZ and ABZ loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (ASLNs) was tested in human glioma/astrocytoma cell line (U-87 MG). Using glyceryl trimyristate as lipid carrier and tween 80 as surfactant spherical ASLNs with an average size of 218...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160353/in-vitro-evaluation-of-ivermectin-moxidectin-albendazole-and-pyrantel-against-cyathostomins-of-horses
#14
Marcelo Beltrão Molento, Ricardo José Canever
Cyathostomins are the most prevalent nematodes of horses, and multidrug resistance has been reported worldwide. There is a need to implement alternative drug monitoring analytical tests. The objective of this study was to determine the consistency (5 repetitions) of the larval migration on agar test (LMAT) using ivermectin, moxidectin, pyrantel or albendazole against cyathostomin infective-stage larvae in eight different concentrations. LMAT showed a strong coefficient of determination (R2 > 0.91), between the test repetitions (n=5)...
November 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#15
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149256/structural-and-immunodiagnostic-characterization-of-synthetic-antigen-b-subunits-from-echinococcus-granulosus-and-their-evaluation-as-target-antigens-for-cyst-viability-assessment
#16
Daniela Pagnozzi, Francesca Tamarozzi, Anna Maria Roggio, Vittorio Tedde, Maria Filippa Addis, Salvatore Pisanu, Gabriella Masu, Cinzia Santucciu, Ambra Vola, Adriano Casulli, Giovanna Masala, Enrico Brunetti, Sergio Uzzau
Background: Several tools have been proposed for serodiagnosis of cystic echinococcosis (CE), but none appears promising for cyst viability assessment. Antigens with stage-specific diagnostic value have been described, but few studies with well-characterized antigens and human sera have been performed. Antigen B (AgB) proteoforms hold promise as markers of viability, due to their differential stage-related expression and immunoreactivity. Methods: Four AgB subunits (AgB1, AgB2, AgB3, AgB4) were synthesized and structurally characterized...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141764/potential-role-for-flubendazole-in-limiting-filariasis-transmission-observations-of-microfilarial-sensitivity
#17
Maeghan O'Neill, Jelil Abdel Njouendou, Michael Dzimianski, Erica Burkman, Patrick Chouna Ndongmo, Jonas A Kengne-Ouafo, Samuel Wanji, Andrew Moorhead, Charles D Mackenzie, Timothy G Geary
Flubendazole (FLBZ) is a potent and efficacious macrofilaricide after parenteral administration. Studies in animal models and one trial in patients infected with Onchocerca volvulus revealed that FLBZ elicits minimal effects on microfilariae (mf). Severe complications after ivermectin (IVM) treatment of patients with high Loa loa microfilaraemia are of great concern. We examined the potential of FLBZ to rapidly kill L. loa mf, the phenomenon proposed to underlie the complications. Mf of L. loa were exposed to FLBZ, its reduced metabolite, albendazole, or IVM in vitro...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141763/pilot-study-of-the-addition-of-mass-treatment-for-malaria-to-existing-school-based-programs-to-treat-neglected-tropical-diseases
#18
Lauren M Cohee, Moses Chilombe, Andrew Ngwira, Samuel K Jemu, Don P Mathanga, Miriam K Laufer
Malaria and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths, threaten the health of school aged in sub-Saharan Africa. Established school-based mass drug administration (MDA) programs are used to control NTDs. Recent clinical trials have shown benefit of mass treatment of malaria in schools. The potential of adding malaria treatment to existing NTD programs has not been thoroughly evaluated. We offered malaria treatment with artemether-lumefantrine during routine NTD MDA and developed peer education programs in two primary schools in southern Malawi...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141741/a-hospital-based-study-of-intestinal-capillariasis-in-thailand-clinical-features-potential-clues-for-diagnosis-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-85-patients
#19
Lakkhana Sadaow, Oranuch Sanpool, Pewpan M Intapan, Watana Sukeepaisarnjaroen, Thidarat K Prasongdee, Wanchai Maleewong
Intestinal capillariasis caused by Capillaria philippinensis, a fish-borne nematode, is an important, emerging zoonotic helminthiasis. Cases may be fatal if suitable treatment is not administered in time. We reported a hospital-based study of 85 cases in Thailand, most of which were in the northeast. All patients had a history of eating raw or insufficiently cooked fresh water fish or prawns. The clinical manifestations are characterized by chronic diarrhea, borborygmi, abdominal pain, marked weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue, dizziness, anorexia, and edema, as well as protein and electrolyte loss...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130011/successful-pelvic-resection-for-acetabular-hydatidosis
#20
Canoville Daniel, Hannebicque Matthieu, Rochcongar Goulven, Michon Jocelyn, Dumaine Valérie, Hulet Christophe
Background: Hydatidosis of the bone is a rare occurrence (0.9 to 2.5% of all localization of the disease). In those occurrences, the pelvic bone is the second most frequent localization. Curative treatment of pelvic bone hydatidosis is difficult and a consensus is yet to be found. Clinical Case: We report a case of hydatidosis of the ischium, extended to the homolateral hip. The patient was treated through hip resection using patient-specific cutting guides, followed by total hip reconstruction...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
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