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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443933/mental-health-interventions-for-parent-carers-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-practice-guidelines-from-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-cis-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Denise Catalano, Linda Holloway, Elias Mpofu
Parent carers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often report increased levels of stress, depression, and anxiety. Unmet parent carer mental health needs pose a significant risk to the psychological, physical, and social well-being of the parents of the child affected by ASD and jeopardize the adaptive functioning of the family as well as the potential of the child affected by ASD. This systematic review identifies key qualities of interventions supporting the mental health of parent carers and proposes practitioner-parent carer support guidelines...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443932/relationships-between-characteristics-of-urban-green-land-cover-and-mental-health-in-u-s-metropolitan-areas
#2
Wei-Lun Tsai, Melissa R McHale, Viniece Jennings, Oriol Marquet, J Aaron Hipp, Yu-Fai Leung, Myron F Floyd
Urbanization increases risk for depression and other mental disorders. A growing body of research indicates the natural environment confers numerous psychological benefits including alleviation of mental distress. This study examined land cover types and landscape metrics in relation to mental health for 276 U.S. counties within metropolitan areas having a population of 1 million or more. County Health Rankings and Behavioral Risk and Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) provided a measure of mental health. The 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) provided data on green land cover types, from which seven landscape metrics were generated to characterize landscape patterns...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443458/the-functional-and-psychological-burden-of-empty-nose-syndrome
#3
Jamil Manji, Jayakar V Nayak, Andrew Thamboo
BACKGROUND: Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is a debilitating disorder thought to arise as a postsurgical phenomenon from excessive loss of nasal tissues. Affected patients often report a profound impact on all aspects of life, but the extent of this burden has not been quantified. We sought to determine the association of ENS with mental health and functional impairments. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed of individuals with ENS recruited from online ENS forums...
February 14, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441294/effect-of-an-educational-and-psychological-intervention-on-knowledge-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-psoriasis
#4
Padmavathi Nagarajan, Devinder Mohan Thappa
Background: Psoriasis is one of the most common skin disorders with a prevalence rate of 0.1%-3%. Chronic nature, frequent relapses, absence of permanent cure, and the cosmetic disfigurement of psoriasis have a negative impact on quality of life (QoL) by causing psychological stress. Patients with psoriasis often have unambiguous ideas about the causes, controllability, consequences, and expected time-course of their disease. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a video-assisted teaching program regarding psoriasis on the level of knowledge and relaxation therapy on QoL among patients with psoriasis...
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440941/sleep-disturbances-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-prevalence-pathophysiology-impact-and-management-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Renae C Fernandez, Vivienne M Moore, Emer M Van Ryswyk, Tamara J Varcoe, Raymond J Rodgers, Wendy A March, Lisa J Moran, Jodie C Avery, R Doug McEvoy, Michael J Davies
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder affecting the reproductive, metabolic and psychological health of women. Clinic-based studies indicate that sleep disturbances and disorders including obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness occur more frequently among women with PCOS compared to comparison groups without the syndrome. Evidence from the few available population-based studies is supportive. Women with PCOS tend to be overweight/obese, but this only partly accounts for their sleep problems as associations are generally upheld after adjustment for body mass index; sleep problems also occur in women with PCOS of normal weight...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440704/blood-biomarkers-of-hikikomori-a-severe-social-withdrawal-syndrome
#7
Kohei Hayakawa, Takahiro A Kato, Motoki Watabe, Alan R Teo, Hideki Horikawa, Nobuki Kuwano, Norihiro Shimokawa, Mina Sato-Kasai, Hiroaki Kubo, Masahiro Ohgidani, Noriaki Sagata, Hiroyuki Toda, Masaru Tateno, Naotaka Shinfuku, Junji Kishimoto, Shigenobu Kanba
Hikikomori, a severe form of social withdrawal syndrome, is a growing social issue in Japan and internationally. The pathophysiology of hikikomori has not yet been elucidated and an effective treatment remains to be established. Recently, we revealed that avoidant personality disorder is the most common comorbidity of hikikomori. Thus, we have postulated that avoidant personality is the personality underpinning hikikomori. First, we herein show relationships between avoidant personality traits, blood biomarkers, hikikomori-related psychological features, and behavioural characteristics assessed by a trust game in non-hikikomori volunteers...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439279/-comorbid-mental-disorders-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-prevalence-and-psychosocial-needs-in-tertiary-care
#8
Alexander Niecke, Hanna Lemke, Tobias Goeser, Martin Hellmich, Frank Vitinius, Christian Albus
BACKGROUND: In the field of gastroenterology and hepatology, associations and interactions with comorbid mental disorders are often described, but there is currently a lack of methodologically high-quality studies on prevalence and the need for care. The aim of the study was to take account of this shortcoming. METHODS: Prospective, monocentric, cross-sectional study of a representative sample of inpatients at a university hospital. A total of 308 participants were examined for the presence of 8 frequent psychological syndromes with a validated questionnaire (PHQ-D)...
February 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439083/psychological-outcomes-following-a-nurse-led-preventative-psychological-intervention-for-critically-ill-patients-poppi-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-clinical-trial-of-a-complex-intervention
#9
Alvin Richards-Belle, Paul R Mouncey, Dorothy Wade, Chris R Brewin, Lydia M Emerson, Richard Grieve, David A Harrison, Sheila Harvey, David Howell, Monty Mythen, Zia Sadique, Deborah Smyth, John Weinman, John Welch, Kathryn M Rowan
INTRODUCTION: Acute psychological stress, as well as unusual experiences including hallucinations and delusions, are common in critical care unit patients and have been linked to post-critical care psychological morbidity such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. Little high-quality research has been conducted to evaluate psychological interventions that could alleviate longer-term psychological morbidity in the critical care unit setting. Our research team developed and piloted a nurse-led psychological intervention, aimed at reducing patient-reported PTSD symptom severity and other adverse psychological outcomes at 6 months, for evaluation in the POPPI trial...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437756/pre-post-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-the-workingwell-mobile-support-tool-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-usa-a-pilot-study-protocol
#10
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437028/changes-in-the-peripheral-endocannabinoid-system-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-eating-disorders
#11
Anna Capasso, Walter Milano, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eating Disorder (ED) is characterized by persistently and severely disturbed eating behaviours. They arise from a combination of long-standing behavioural, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors and result in insufficient nutrient ingestion and/or adsorption. The three main EDs are: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. We review the role of peripheral endocannabinoids in eating behaviour. DISCUSSION: The neuronal pathways involved in feeding behaviours are closely related to catecholaminergic, serotoninergic and peptidergic systems...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436984/effectiveness-of-pharmacological-or-psychological-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-smokers-with-major-depression-or-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Giulia A Aldi, Giuly Bertoli, Francesca Ferraro, Aldo Pezzuto, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND: Smokers with major depressive disorder (MDD) or depressive symptoms (DS) represent a subgroup in need of attention since they have specific clinical features and prognosis. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (Cochrane, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Web Of Science databases from inception to June 2017) of randomized clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of pharmacological, psychological or combined interventions for smoking cessation in subjects with current or past MDD/DS without medical or comorbid psychiatric disorder(s) was run following the PRISMA guidelines...
February 13, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436964/the-magic-pill-the-branding-of-impotence-and-the-positioning-of-viagra-as-its-solution-through-edutainment
#13
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Rana Hijazi
Product placement can be presented through edutainment. A drug such as Viagra is introduced or impotence is branded in movies and TV series in different ways to raise awareness of impotence disorder and Viagra as a solution. This study aims to analyze strategies of framing and branding Viagra and impotence disorder, based on a qualitative method analysis of 40 movies and TV series. Findings show that Viagra is shown as not only for older men but also for young and healthy men. Out of 40 movies and TV series in the study sample, in 14 (32...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436699/-bipolar-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-practical-recommendations-for-treatment-based-on-a-literature-review
#14
A T Spijker, J van Zaane, M A Koenders, R Hoekstra, R W Kupka
A fairly large proportion (25-50%) of patients with bipolar disorder (bd) also suffer from comorbid alcohol use disorder (aud). However, little is known how this type of morbidity should be treated. It is also unclear whether the current guidelines on bd have been influenced by aud.<br/> AIM: To provide an overview of recent literature concerning the diagnosis and treatment of comorbid bd and aud.<br/> METHOD: We systematically reviewed studies that have addressed three treatment options for this group of patients: pharmaco-therapy, psychological interventions and self-management techniques...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436290/psychological-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-workers-after-toxic-chemical-spill-in-gumi-south-korea
#15
Ji Young Song, Kyoung-Sook Jeong, Kyeong-Sook Choi, Min-Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
The extent and severity of the psychological effects following chemical release disasters have not been widely reported. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hydrogen fluoride (HF)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to identify associated psychological risk factors. On September 2012, an estimated 8 to 12 tons of HF gas, which dissolves in air moisture to form droplets of corrosive hydrofluoric acid, escaped from an industrial complex in Gumi, South Korea. Ten months later, structured questionnaires that included items from the Impacts of Event Scale (revised Korean version) as well as questions about demographic and psychological risk factors related to PTSD were distributed to workers in the affected area...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435325/psychological-distress-iron-deficiency-active-disease-and-female-gender-are-independent-risk-factors-for-fatigue-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#16
Börje Jonefjäll, Magnus Simrén, Anders Lasson, Lena Öhman, Hans Strid
Background: Patients with ulcerative colitis often report fatigue. Objectives: To investigate prevalence of and risk factors for fatigue in patients with ulcerative colitis with active disease and during deep remission. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, disease activity was evaluated with endoscopy and calprotectin, and patients were classified as having active disease (n = 133) or being in deep remission (n = 155). Blood samples were analysed to assess anaemia, iron deficiency and systemic immune activity...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434553/gambling-and-impulsivity-traits-a-recipe-for-criminal-behavior
#17
Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, María Teresa Talón-Navarro, Àngel Cuquerella, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Pablo Magaña, José Manuel Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition that was recently recategorized as a non-substance-related addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders. Criminal activity is commonly associated with gambling; however, few empirical studies to date have examined sociodemographic and psychological variables in this population. In this study, we explored criminal behavior history in a sample of consecutively recruited treatment-seeking gamblers (n = 382) and compared subjects with a history of illegal acts (n = 103, 26...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434169/different-patterns-in-abdominal-stab-wound-in-the-self-inflicted-and-assaulted-patients-an-observational-analysis-of-single-center-experience
#18
Takeshi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Sakata, Taihei Yamada, Mariko Terashima, Kunihiro Shirai, Isamu Yamada, Joji Kotani
Patterns of penetrating abdominal stab wounds (ASW) may be different according to the mechanism of injury. The purpose of this study was to review and characterize penetrating abdominal stab wounds in self-inflicted wound patients and assaulted patients. We retrospectively analyzed patients with ASW who were admitted to our emergency department from 2007 to 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: self-inflicted wound group and assaulted group. There were 46 stabbing cases in 45 different patients (25 males, 21 females; average age 47 y, range 21 to 85 y)...
July 20, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433952/recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-housing-instability-among-women-veterans
#19
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Anneliese E Sorrentino, Meagan C Cusack, Scarlett L Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Melissa E Dichter
INTRODUCTION: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433642/tennis-elbow-associated-psychological-factors
#20
Aurelie Aben, Lieven De Wilde, Nadine Hollevoet, Carlos Henriquez, Marc Vandeweerdt, Koen Ponnet, Alexander Van Tongel
BACKGROUND: The etiology of tennis elbow is multifactorial. Overuse of the wrist extensors along with anatomic factors, such as flexibility problems, aging, and poor blood circulation, may play a role. This study investigated whether patients with tennis elbow have a different psychological profile compared with healthy controls. METHODS: Patients with clinical signs of tennis elbow, consulting at the Ghent University Hospital between September 2015 and January 2017, were offered a paper-and-pencil questionnaire about Big Five personality traits, perfectionism, anxiety, depression, work satisfaction, and working conditions...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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