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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822321/neurostimulation-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-dependence-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine use disorder is a very common condition that represents a substantial public health problem, and no effective pharmacological or psychological therapies have been identified to date. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are therefore needed such as neurostimulation techniques. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of these techniques for the treatment of cocaine dependence. METHODS: The electronic literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta-burst stimulation, deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, magnetic seizure therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, cranial electro-stimulation, and deep brain stimulation in the treatment of cocaine addiction were reviewed...
August 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822262/evaluating-the-influence-of-at-risk-alcohol-use-on-factors-associated-with-smoking-cessation-combining-laboratory-and-ecological-momentary-assessment
#2
Joanna R Sells, Andrew J Waters, R Ross MacLean
OBJECTIVE: Most smokers want to quit but most cessation attempts end in failure. Alcohol consumption is associated with smoking behavior and relapse. We examined the associations between severity of drinking and psychological processes during a cessation attempt in the laboratory and during a quit attempt. METHODS: Smokers (N=209) enrolled in a smoking cessation study were followed from 2 weeks pre-quit through 4 weeks post-quit. Participants scoring 0-7 and 8-15 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were classified as low-risk and high-risk drinkers, respectively...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#3
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821528/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-adult-victims-of-cluster-munitions-in-lebanon-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Jawad Fares, Souheil Gebeily, Mohamad Saad, Hayat Harati, Sanaa Nabha, Najwane Said, Mohamad Kanso, Ronza Abdel Rassoul, Youssef Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the short-term and long-term prevalence and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of cluster munitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective 10-year longitudinal study that took place in Lebanon. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred-and-forty-four Lebanese civilian victims of submunition blasts, who were injured in 2006 and were over 18 years old, were interviewed. Included were participants who had been diagnosed with PTSD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) and the PTSD Checklist - Civilian Version in 2006...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821498/impact-of-child-death-on-paediatric-trainees
#5
Clare E Hollingsworth, Carla Wesley, Jaymie Huckridge, Gabrielle M Finn, Michael J Griksaitis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms of acute stress reactions (ASR) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in paediatric trainees following their involvement in child death. DESIGN: A survey designed to identify trainees' previous experiences of child death combined with questions to identify features of PTSD. Quantitative interpretation was used alongside a χ(2) test. A p value of <0.05 was considered significant. SETTING: 604 surveys were distributed across 13 UK health education deaneries...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820748/disclosure-of-diagnosis-in-early-recognition-of-psychosis
#6
Andreas Blessing, Anna Studer, Amelie Gross, L Forest Gruss, Roland Schneider, Gerhard Dammann
There is a debate concerning risks and benefits of early intervention in psychosis, especially concerning diagnosis disclosure. The present study reports preliminary findings on self-reported locus of control and psychological distress after the disclosure of diagnosis in an early recognition center. We compared the ratings of the locus of control and psychological distress before and after communication of diagnosis. The study included individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) (n = 10), schizophrenia (n = 9), and other psychiatric disorders (n = 11)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820656/corrigendum-prestimulus-inhibition-of-saccades-in-adults-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-an-index-of-temporal-expectations
#7
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Dankner, Y., Shalev, L., Carrasco, J., & Yuval-Greenberg, S. (2017). Prestimulus inhibition of saccades in adults with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as an index of temporal expectations. Psychological Science, 28, 835-850. doi:10.1177/0956797617694863.
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#8
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819790/contemplative-meditation-and-neuroscience-prospects-for-mental-health
#9
Denis Larrivee, Luis Echarte
Numerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditation will prove similarly beneficial; furthermore, psychological and neuroscientific studies suggest that its retention of a dialogical and transcendent praxis will additionally benefit social and existential psychotherapy...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819570/hcv-integrated-care-a-randomized-trial-to-increase-treatment-initiation-and-svr-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#10
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Marisa Sklar, Samuel B Ho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Psychiatric or substance use disorders are barriers to successful HCV antiviral treatment. In a randomized, controlled trial (RCT), the effects of HCV Integrated Care (IC) for increasing treatment rates and sustained viral response (SVR) were studied with direct acting antivirals (DAA). METHODS: In 2012-13, VA patients, whose screening was positive for depression, PTSD, or substance use (N = 79), were randomized to IC or Usual Care (UC). IC consisted of brief psychological interventions and case management...
2017: International Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#11
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816563/highlighting-the-differences-in-post-traumatic-symptoms-between-patients-with-complicated-and-uncomplicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-injured-controls
#12
J Julien, S Tinawi, K Anderson, L C Frenette, H Audrit, M C Ferland, M Feyz, E De Guise
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status. METHODS: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816501/problematic-gaming-exists-and-is-an-example-of-disordered-gaming
#13
Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Halley M Pontes
Background The recent paper by Aarseth et al. (2016) questioned whether problematic gaming should be considered a new disorder particularly because "Gaming Disorder" (GD) has been identified as a disorder to be included in the next (11th) revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Methods This study uses contemporary literature to argue why GD should be included in the ICD-11. Results Aarseth and colleagues acknowledge that there is much literature (including papers by some of the authors themselves) that some individuals experience serious problems with video gaming...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815985/sticking-with-it-psychotherapy-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-university-counseling-center-setting
#14
Emily Anderberg, Jonathan C Cox, E Shannon Neeley Tass, David M Erekson, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Jared S Warren, Jared Cline, Devin Petersen, Mikle South
Young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of comorbid mental health concerns in addition to distress arising from the core symptoms of autism. Many adults with ASD seek psychological treatment in outpatient facilities in their communities that are not specifically geared toward individuals with ASD. However, few studies have looked at the effectiveness of standard psychotherapeutic care in adults with ASD. This study aimed to discover how individuals with ASD fare in psychotherapy within a college counseling setting, compared to their neurotypical peers...
August 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815744/identifying-prebariatric-subtypes-based-on-temperament-traits-emotion-dysregulation-and-disinhibited-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis
#15
Lisa Schäfer, Claudia Hübner, Thomas Carus, Beate Herbig, Florian Seyfried, Stefan Kaiser, Tatjana Schütz, Arne Dietrich, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of bariatric surgery has been proven; however, a subset of patients fails to achieve expected long-term weight loss postoperatively. As differences in surgery outcome may be influenced by heterogeneous psychological profiles in prebariatric patients, previous subtyping models differentiated patients based on temperament traits. The objective of this study was to expand these models by additionally considering emotion dysregulation and disinhibited eating behaviors for subtyping, as these factors were associated with maladaptive eating behaviors and poor postbariatric weight loss outcome...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815331/meta-analysis-of-the-long-term-treatment-effects-of-psychological-interventions-in-youth-with-ptsd-symptoms
#16
REVIEW
Jana Gutermann, Laura Schwartzkopff, Regina Steil
To date, the long-term effectiveness of psychological treatments in reducing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents has not been investigated extensively. This meta-analysis quantifies the long-term effects of psychological interventions in children and adolescents with PTSD symptoms and examines the period-dependent follow-up (FU) effects based on 47 studies. The mean FU effect sizes (ESs) for PTSD symptoms ranged from medium (between treatment ESs for controlled studies) to large (within treatment ESs for uncontrolled studies; pooled analysis including all studies)...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814874/la-belle-indiff%C3%A3-rence-revisited-a-case-report-on-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-misdiagnosed-as-conversion-disorder
#17
Petra J van Meerkerk-Aanen, Lars de Vroege, David Khasho, Aziza Foruz, J Thies van Asseldonk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, neurological disorders have less often been falsely labeled as conversion disorder (CD). However, misdiagnosis of a neurological disorder as CD still occurs, especially in cases with insidious onset. Misinterpretation of la belle indifférence may contribute to such misdiagnosis. Here, we describe a case of progressive supranuclear palsy/Richardson's syndrome (PSPS) misdiagnosed as a case of CD. CASE: A 62-year-old woman consulted two different neurologists in 2012 because of falling spells since 2009 and was diagnosed with CD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814330/novel-remote-electronic-medication-supply-model-for-opioid-dependent-outpatients-with-polypharmacy-first-long-term-case-study
#18
Samuel S Allemann, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Johannes Strasser, Marc Vogel, Marcel Stoeckle, Kurt E Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet
BACKGROUND: Patients with substance use disorders grow older thanks to effective treatments. Together with a high prevalence of comorbidities, psychological problems, and low social support, these patients are at high risk for medication non-adherence. Established treatment facilities face challenges to accommodate these complex patients within their setting. Electronic medication management aids (e-MMAs) might be appropriate to simultaneously monitor and improve adherence for these patients...
August 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#19
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814317/collaborative-care-for-panic-disorder-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-social-phobia-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-three-cluster-randomised-superiority-trials
#20
Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Claudio Csillag, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: People with anxiety disorders represent a significant part of a general practitioner's patient population. However, there are organisational obstacles for optimal treatment, such as a lack of coordination of illness management and limited access to evidence-based treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy. A limited number of studies suggest that collaborative care has a positive effect on symptoms for people with anxiety disorders. However, most studies are carried out in the USA and none have reported results for social phobia or generalised anxiety disorder separately...
August 16, 2017: Trials
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