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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544626/countering-evidence-denial-and-the-promotion-of-pseudoscience-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Isabel M Smith, Noni E MacDonald
This commentary introduces a framework within which clinical and research experts in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can address public instances of evidence denial and promotion of pseudoscience related to ASD. This is a generalized extension of work by a World Health Organization (WHO) group dedicated to reducing the influence of Vocal Vaccine Deniers through educating advocates in how to effectively defuse their arguments. The WHO guidelines were informed by conceptual work on the "denialism" phenomenon, and by studies in psychology, communication, vaccine science, and public health...
May 22, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544121/is-a-delay-in-the-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-inevitable
#2
Kristina Fritz, Alex M T Russell, Christine Allwang, Sandy Kuiper, Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
OBJECTIVE: A diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) is often preceded by an initial diagnosis of depression, creating a delay in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of BD. Although previous research has focused on predictors of a diagnosis change from depression to BD, the research on this delay in diagnosis is sparse. Therefore, the present study examined the time taken to make a BD diagnosis following an initial diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to further understand the patient characteristics and psychological factors that may explain this delay...
May 22, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543095/psychological-mechanisms-and-the-ups-and-downs-of-personal-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#3
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543046/prevalence-and-association-of-premenstrual-syndrome-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-with-academic-performance-among-female-university-students
#4
Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is particularly a female psychological disorder that has consequences on female students' behavior, cognitive abilities, mental health status, and academic performance. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD, and their relationship with academic performance among female university students in Jordan. METHOD: Prospective-correlational design was employed among 858 university students...
May 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542470/differential-physiological-changes-following-internet-exposure-in-higher-and-lower-problematic-internet-users
#5
Phil Reed, Michela Romano, Federica Re, Alessandra Roaro, Lisa A Osborne, Caterina Viganò, Roberto Truzoli
Problematic internet use (PIU) has been suggested as in need of further research with a view to being included as a disorder in future Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, but lack of knowledge about the impact of internet cessation on physiological function remains a major gap in knowledge and a barrier to PIU classification. One hundred and forty-four participants were assessed for physiological (blood pressure and heart rate) and psychological (mood and state anxiety) function before and after an internet session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541989/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Wendy A Henderson
: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541877/erythromelalgia-involving-the-face
#7
Rachel R Gilmore, Danielle S Applebaum, Jessica L Parsons, Sylvia Hsu
Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by burning pain, erythema, and increased temperature typically involving the distal extremities. Although it can progress to involve the face, erythromelalgia presenting only on the face is particularly rare. This disorder is often misdiagnosed when it presents on the extremities and is even more likely to be misdiagnosed when presenting only on the face, delaying appropriate treatment and causing considerable frustration for the patient. We report a case of a 26-year-old woman with erythromelalgia that involved only the face for a number of years and was treated unsuccessfully as rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541762/chronic-stress-exposure-and-generation-are-related-to-the-p-factor-and-externalizing-specific-psychopathology-in-youth
#8
Hannah R Snyder, Jami F Young, Benjamin L Hankin
Psychopathology is posited to be transdiagnostically linked to chronic stress. Yet efforts to understand the specificity and directionality of these links have been sparse, and the ubiquitous comorbidity of psychopathology has made the seemingly nonspecific links between psychological disorders and chronic stress difficult to interpret. The current study used a latent dimensional bifactor model of psychopathology to account for comorbidity and a multiwave prospective design to disentangle temporal associations between psychopathology and chronic stress longitudinally during the critical adolescent period for psychopathology risk and stress reactivity...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541239/psychological-parameters-of-psoriasis
#9
A Kouris, E Platsidaki, C Kouskoukis, C Christodoulou
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory scaling dermatosis. The marked visible appearance of the lesions have a negative impact on body image that leads to decreased self-esteem, hence seriously compromising the patient's quality of life. The clinical picture critically affects the social well-being of the patient since the disease is commonly misunderstood and feared by the social environment as being contagious. The patient feels stigmatized and this further intensifies their lack of self-confidence and self-esteem...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#10
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540767/the-use-of-pathological-grief-outcomes-in-bereavement-studies-on-african-americans
#11
Leeat Granek, Tal Peleg-Sagy
Pathological bereavement outcomes (i.e., complicated grief, traumatic grief, prolonged grief disorder) are a robust and growing research area in the psychological and medical sciences. Although grief is considered to be a universal phenomenon, it is well documented that grieving processes and outcomes are culturally and contextually bound. The objectives of this study were: (a) to examine representations of African Americans in the grief and mourning literature and to assess the extent to which this research utilizes pathological grief outcomes; and (b) to examine the characteristics of pathological grief constructs in the literature to assess their relevance for African American populations...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540347/interdisciplinary-management-of-head-and-neck-vascular-anomalies-clinical-presentation-diagnostic-findings-and-minimalinvasive-therapies
#12
REVIEW
Maliha Sadick, Walter A Wohlgemuth, Roland Huelse, Bettina Lange, Thomas Henzler, Stefan O Schoenberg, Haneen Sadick
OBJECTIVES: Vascular anomalies are included in the 30 000 rare diseases worldwide affecting less than 5/10 000 people. Depending on their morphology and biological properties, they can cause varied disorders with organ involvement. Almost 60% of vascular anomalies have a predilection for the head and neck region in children. Clinical and scientific effort to establish interdisciplinary management concepts for vascular anomalies is increasing worldwide. METHODS: Especially in the head and neck region, clinical impairment and organ dysfunction is associated with cosmetic issues that may represent a physical and psychological issue for the patient...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540038/effectiveness-of-paliperidone-depot-injection-in-seriously-violent-men-with-comorbid-schizophrenia-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-in-a-uk-high-security-hospital
#13
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Fintan Larkin, Callum C Ross, Nitin Gupta, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Whilst data exist for the effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate (PP), there are no studies involving patients in forensic settings or those with comorbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539950/association-of-changes-in-mood-status-and-psychosocial-well-being-with-depression-during-interferon-based-treatment-for-hepatitis-c
#14
Jung-Seok Choi, Won Kim, Bo Kyung Sohn, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Sohee Oh, Sae Kyoung Joo, Hwi Young Kim, Yong Jin Jung
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this prospective study were to investigate temporal changes in mood status and distress level, as well as the development of depression, during pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)-based treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We also explored whether baseline demographic, psychiatric, and personality traits predicted the evolution of depression. METHODS: CHC patients without depression were screened with laboratory tests; psychiatric interviews; and evaluations of mood symptoms, level of distress, and personality traits...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539304/emindlog-self-measurement-of-anxiety-and-depression-using-mobile-technology
#15
Thomas M Penders, Karl L Wuensch, Philip T Ninan
BACKGROUND: Quantifying anxiety and depressive experiences permits individuals to calibrate where they are and monitor intervention-associated changes. eMindLog is a novel self-report measure for anxiety and depression that is grounded in psychology with an organizing structure based on neuroscience. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the psychometric properties of eMindLog in a nonclinical sample of subjects. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of eMindLog, a convenience sample of 198 adults provided informed consent and completed eMindLog and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) as a reference...
May 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538748/quality-of-life-considerations-and-pain-management-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#16
Gregor Be Jemec
All skin diseases involve some element of stigmatization and psychosocial consequence for the individual patient, but few, if any, skin diseases can match the impact of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) on the patient. The inflamed lesions progressing to noninflamed nodules and abscesses are not only perceived as unclean and stigmatizing by the patients, but also cause pain and scarring making this inflammatory skin disorder unique. It is obvious that the disease has a significant negative impact on the patients' quality of life (QOL)...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538046/general-pediatrician-staffed-behavioral-developmental-access-clinic-decreases-time-to-evaluation-of-early-childhood-developmental-disorders
#17
Meghan Harrison, Persephone Jones, Iman Sharif, Matthew D Di Guglielmo
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement project to decrease wait time to evaluation for children referred to Developmental Behavioral Pediatricians (DBPs). METHODS: The authors created a Behavioral/Developmental Access Clinic (BDAC) staffed by a general pediatrician (GP) and pediatric psychologist. Clinicians in the BDAC provided comprehensive developmental evaluations for children in a discrete age range (<5 yr old). We describe the establishment of the BDAC along with referrals, diagnoses, and recommended follow-up for patients seen by the GP...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537123/stigma-experienced-by-caregivers-of-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-multicentric-study
#18
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Aakanksha Singh, Amitava Dan, Rajarishi Neogi, Darpan Kaur, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Abhijit R Rozatkar, Naresh Nebhinani, Suravi Patra, Priya Sivashankar, Alka A Subramanyam, Adarsh Tripathi, Ab Majid Gania, Gurvinder Pal Singh, Prakash Behere
BACKGROUND: Stigma is very common among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorder; however, there is lack of national level data from India. AIM: To assess affiliate stigma and its correlates among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders. METHOD: For this, caregivers of patients with schizophrenia ( N = 707), bipolar disorder ( N = 344) and recurrent depressive disorder ( N = 352) were assessed on Stigma scale for Caregivers of People with Mental Illness and General Health Questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536537/-gestaltomics-systems-biology-schemes-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Nora A Gutierrez Najera, Osbaldo Resendis-Antonio, Humberto Nicolini
The integration of different sources of biological information about what defines a behavioral phenotype is difficult to unify in an entity that reflects the arithmetic sum of its individual parts. In this sense, the challenge of Systems Biology for understanding the "psychiatric phenotype" is to provide an improved vision of the shape of the phenotype as it is visualized by "Gestalt" psychology, whose fundamental axiom is that the observed phenotype (behavior or mental disorder) will be the result of the integrative composition of every part...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536294/the-interfaces-between-vitamin-d-sleep-and-pain
#20
Daniela Leite de Oliveira, Camila Hirotsu, Sergio Tufik, Monica Levy Andersen
The role of vitamin D in osteomineral metabolism is well known. Several studies have suggested its action on different biological mechanisms, such as nociceptive sensitivity and sleep-wake cycle modulation. Sleep is an important biological process regulated by different regions of the central nervous system, mainly the hypothalamus, in combination with several neurotransmitters. Pain, which can be classified as nociceptive, neuropathic and psychological, is regulated by both the central and peripheral nervous systems...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
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