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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142397/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-and-antitumor-potentiality-of-essential-oil-of-ferula-tingitana-l-apiaceae-grow-in-libya
#1
Waleed Elghwaji, Abeer Mohamed El-Sayed, Kadriya S El-Deeb, Aly M ElSayed
Background: Ferula tingitana L. (Apiaceae) has been considered to have abortive and menstruation-inducing properties. It used to treat sore throat, fever, indigestion, and pains. Objectives: The objective of this study is to establish the chemical composition of the essential oil of flower, leaves of F. tingitana, and to throw light on antimicrobial, cytotoxic activities of Libyan plant. Materials and Methods: The chemical composition of the essential oil of flower (0...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140914/sequencing-effects-of-neuromuscular-training-on-physical-fitness-in-youth-elite-tennis-players
#2
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, David Sanz-Rivas, Jose Manuel Sarabia Marín, Jose Luis Hernandez-Davo, Manuel Moya
Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Granacher, U, Sanz-Rivas, D, Sarabia Marín, JM, Hernandez-Davo, JL, and Moya, M. Sequencing effects of neuromuscular training on physical fitness in youth elite tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 5-week neuromuscular training (NMT) implemented before or after a tennis session in prepubertal players on selected components of physical fitness. Sixteen elite and well-trained tennis players with a mean age of 12...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140912/reliable-testing-battery-for-assessing-physical-qualities-of-elite-academy-rugby-league-players
#3
Nick Dobbin, Richard Hunwicks, Jamie Highton, Craig Twist
Dobbin, N, Hunwicks, R, Highton, J, and Twist, C. Reliable testing battery for assessing physical qualities of elite academy rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-This study assessed the interday reliability of a testing battery for the assessment of physical qualities of rugby league players. Fifty players (age 17.1 ± 1.1 years; stature 181.3 ± 6.3 cm; and body mass 89.0 ± 11.6 kg) from 3 Super League academies participated in this study. Tests of countermovement jump performance, 10- and 20-m sprint performance, change of direction, medicine ball throw, and a modified Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 (prone Yo-Yo IR1) were completed on 3 separate occasions...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140909/the-effects-of-load-on-peak-power-output-fatigue-during-the-bench-throw
#4
David Boffey, Bulent Sokmen, Kurt Sollanek, Wanda Boda, Steven Winter
The ability to create power is an important variable for athletic success. No study to date has compared peak power output (PPO) fatigue across multiple sets and with different loads with the bench throw. This study aimed to begin the process of establishing empirical upper body power training guidelines for moderately strong athletes by determining how load (30%, 45%, 60% 1RM) affects PPO (Watts) dropoff during 3 sets of 10 repetitions of the bench throw. 10 resistance-trained male volunteers ((mean ± SD): age 20...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140180/the-role-of-lumbopelvic-hip-complex-stability-in-softball-throwing-mechanics
#5
Gabrielle G Gilmer, Jessica K Washington, Jeffrey Dugas, James Andrews, Gretchen D Oliver
CONTEXT: Studies have found that a 20% reduction in energy generation from the lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC) during overhead throws leads to a 34% increase in load on the shoulder. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of LPHC stability, via the single leg squat (SLS) assessment, on throwing mechanics of softball athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty softball athletes (164...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135636/track-and-field-throwing-sports-injuries-and-prevention
#6
Adele Meron, Deborah Saint-Phard
Throwing events in track and field are among the oldest sporting events in recorded history and include shot put, discus, hammer, and javelin. All throwing athletes use the kinetic chain to transfer energy from the lower extremities, through the pelvis, trunk, shoulder, arm, wrist, hand, and finally into the implement to generate maximum force. Throughout this sequential activation, mobilization, and stabilization of body segments, there is opportunity for breakdown in the chain, which can lead to injury. This review describes the biomechanics and kinetic chain components of each event and highlights injuries common among all throwers as well as injuries unique to each event...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135565/pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-shoulder-instability-clinical-management-of-first-time-dislocators
#7
Kenneth M Lin, Evan W James, Elad Spitzer, Peter D Fabricant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the epidemiology, pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and clinical management of pediatric and adolescent patients following a first-time shoulder dislocation. RECENT FINDINGS: Shoulder instability is becoming increasingly common as pediatric and adolescent patients engage in earlier organized sports competition. Recommended treatment following a first-time glenohumeral dislocation event in adolescents depends on several factors, but surgical stabilization is becoming more frequently performed...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132067/limited-generalization-with-varied-as-compared-to-specific-practice-in-short-term-motor-learning
#8
Chéla R Willey, Zili Liu
The schema theory of learning predicts that varied training in motor learning should give rise to better transfer than specific training. For example, throwing beanbags during practice to targets 5 and 9ft away should better generalize to targets 7 and 11ft away, as compared to only throwing to a target 7ft away. In this study, we tested this prediction in a throwing task, when the pretest, practice, and posttest were all completed within an hour. Participants in the varied group practiced throwing at 5 and 9ft targets, while participants in the specific group practiced throwing at 7ft only...
November 10, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131117/significant-hemorrhage-rate-reduction-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-in-symptomatic-cavernous-malformations-long-term-outcome-in-95-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
Remedios López-Serrano, Nuria E Martínez, M Elena Kusak, Alicia Quirós, Roberto Martínez
BACKGROUND: The natural history of cavernous malformations (CMs) has remained unclear. This lack of knowledge has made treatment decisions difficult. Indeed, the use of stereotactic radiosurgery is nowadays controversial. The purpose of this paper is to throw light on the effectiveness of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) therapy. METHODS: The authors reviewed data collected from a prospectively maintained database. A total of 95 patients (57 female and 38 male) underwent GKRS for high-surgical-risk CMs...
November 4, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130019/patients-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-the-disposal-of-medications
#10
Aeshah AlAzmi, Hani AlHamdan, Rayf Abualezz, Faiz Bahadig, Noha Abonofal, Mohamed Osman
Background: Safe disposal of medications is of high concern as malpractice may lead to harmful consequences such as undesirable effects, prescription drug abuse, overstocking, self-medication, accidental overdose, and even death. There is a lack of uniform and nationwide guidance on how patients should safely dispose their leftover medications. This study aims to assess patients' knowledge and attitude regarding the disposal of medications. Method: This research is a cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129422/do-not-throw-that-sternal-saw-away-yet%C3%A2
#11
EDITORIAL
George Tolis, Gus J Vlahakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124671/mutations-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-subunits-in-epilepsy
#12
REVIEW
Xing-Xing Xu, Jian-Hong Luo
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases. Of all cases, 70%-80% are considered to be due to genetic factors. In recent years, a large number of genes have been identified as being involved in epilepsy. Among them, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) subunit-encoding genes represent a large proportion, suggesting an important role for NMDARs in epilepsy. In this review, we summarize and analyze the genotypes, functional alterations, and clinical aspects of NMDAR subunit mutations/variants identified from patients with epilepsy...
November 10, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112054/lower-extremity-stiffness-considerations-for-testing-performance-enhancement-and-injury-risk
#13
Jon Brazier, Sean Maloney, Chris Bishop, Paul J Read, Anthony N Turner
Brazier, J, Maloney, S, Bishop, C, Read, PJ, and Turner, AN. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Force-deformation characteristics of the lower limb have been associated with athletic performance and may modulate the risk of injury. Despite these known associations, measurements of lower extremity stiffness are not commonly administered by strength and conditioning coaches. This review provides an overview of the available literature pertaining to the effects of lower extremity stiffness on physical performance and injury risk...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104553/decision-making-by-handball-referees-design-of-an-ad-hoc-observation-instrument-and-polar-coordinate-analysis
#14
Juan P Morillo, Rafael E Reigal, Antonio Hernández-Mendo, Alejandro Montaña, Verónica Morales-Sánchez
Referees are essential for sports such as handball. However, there are few tools available to analyze the activity of handball referees. The aim of this study was to design an instrument for observing the behavior of referees in handball competitions and to analyze the resulting data by polar coordinate analysis. The instrument contained 6 criteria and 18 categories and can be used to monitor and describe the actions of handball referees according to their role/position on the playing court. For the data quality control analysis, we calculated Pearson's (0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102772/recalibration-in-functional-perceptual-motor-tasks-a-systematic-review
#15
Milou Tessa Brand, Rita Ferraz de Oliveira
Skilled actions are the result of a perceptual-motor system being well-calibrated to the appropriate information variables. Changes to the perceptual or motor system initiates recalibration, which is the rescaling of the perceptual-motor system to informational variables. For example, a professional baseball player may need to rescale their throws due to fatigue. The aim of this systematic review is to analyse how recalibration can and has been measured and also to evaluate the literature on recalibration. Five databases were systematically screened to identify literature that reported experiments where a disturbance was applied to the perceptual-motor system in functional perceptual-motor tasks...
November 2, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099895/radial-shaft-stress-fracture-in-a-major-league-pitcher
#16
Karim A Meijer, Matthew S Fury, Hayley Ennis, Luis Grau, Michael Baraga, Jean Jose, James R Andrews, Lee Kaplan
Upper extremity injuries are associated with significant morbidity in throwing athletes, and prevention and diagnosis of overuse injuries in these athletes are increasingly being emphasized. Although stress fractures are common overuse injuries, stress fractures of the upper extremity are relatively rare. To our knowledge, a stress fracture of the radial shaft has not been reported in a throwing athlete. In this article, we describe the case of a Major League Baseball pitcher who presented with a stress fracture of the lateral cortex of the radius, likely caused by contractile forces of the supinator muscle, arising after his attempt to develop a new pitch...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097958/unresolved-congenital-torticollis-and-its-consequences-a-report-of-2-cases
#17
Mette Hobaek Siegenthaler
Objective: The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical presentation and case management of 2 children with congenital torticollis. Clinical Features: Two male children (ages 6 and 10 years) presented to a chiropractic clinic with a history of congenital torticollis. They showed signs and symptoms of postural deficiency and developmental delay: posterior plagiocephaly, facial scoliosis, head tilt, compensatory thoracic scoliosis, decreased range of motion in the cervical spine, palpable decreased segmental motion of the upper cervical spine, and an age-related delay in throwing and catching a ball and in one-leg standing...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095207/recent-advances-in-perioperative-glucose-monitoring
#18
Merrick E Miles, Mark J Rice
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is ongoing controversy surrounding the use of glucose monitoring in the perioperative setting. It is an important aspect of patient care, but the best way to go about monitoring this parameter is still up for debate. This article will review previously established data and new developments in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Several different methods exist to measure blood glucose levels in the perioperative setting, including central laboratory devices, blood gas analyzers, and point-of-care devices...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081100/-the-clinical-study-on-the-correlation-of-lysophosphatidic-acid-and-vascular-endotheli-growth-factor-and-endothelin-in-serum-of-pneumoconiosis
#19
L J Mao, Y L Zhang, C C Cong, L Guan, S Q Li, J Y Zhao
Objective: To explore the role of lysophosphatidic acid, vascular endothelial growth facor and endothelin in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in coal workers'pneumoconiosis patients, the relationship of lysophosphatidic acid, VEGF and ET in serum was studied. Methods: Sixty two pneumoconiosis patients were selected as cases group, which included 23 cases of stage Ⅰ, 25 cases of stageⅡand 14 cases of stageⅢ. Twenty workers were selected as dust exposure group who exposed to coal dust for more than 2 years and had not been diagnosed as pneumoconiosis...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077022/effects-of-creatine-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-optimal-individual-post-activation-potentiation-time-of-the-upper-body-in-canoeists
#20
Chia-Chi Wang, Shu-Cheng Lin, Shu-Ching Hsu, Ming-Ta Yang, Kuei-Hui Chan
Creatine supplementation reduces the impact of muscle fatigue on post-activation potentiation (PAP) of the lower body, but its effects on the upper body remain unknown. This study examined the effects of creatine supplementation on muscle strength, explosive power, and optimal individual PAP time of the upper body during a set of complex training bouts in canoeists. Seventeen male high school canoeists performed a bench row for one repetition at maximum strength and conducted complex training bouts to determine the optimal individual timing of PAP and distance of overhead medicine ball throw before and after the supplementation...
October 27, 2017: Nutrients
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