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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212057/pulse-pressure-variation-don-t-throw-the-baby-with-the-bathwater
#1
Sheila Nainan Myatra, Natesh R Prabu, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205484/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-different-knots-tied-on-fibrewire-suture
#3
Jackson Jiang, Ita Suzana Mat Jais, Andrew Kean Tuck Yam, Duncan Angus McGrouther, Shian Chao Tay
BACKGROUND: Synthetic sutures such as Fiberwire used in flexor tendon repairs have high tensile strength. Proper application allows early mobilisation, decreasing morbidity from repair rupture and adhesions while preserving range of motion. Suture stiffness can cause poorer knot holding, contributing to gapping, peritendinous adhesions or rupture. Previous studies recommended more throws in knots tied on Fiberwire to prevent knot slippage. These larger knots are voluminous and prominent...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203588/return-to-play-and-prior-performance-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-after-repair-of-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-tears
#4
Ryan Smith, Daniel J Lombardo, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Charles Frank, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gannon Curtis, James Whaley, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: The published return-to-play (RTP) rates for Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who have undergone surgical repair of superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears vary widely and are generally accepted to be lower in the subset of competitive throwers. The efficacy of surgical treatment for MLB players is largely unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the RTP rate and performance of MLB pitchers who have undergone SLAP tear repair between 2003 and 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197695/rotational-glenohumeral-adaptations-are-associated-with-shoulder-pathology-in-professional-male-handball-players
#5
Przemyslaw Lubiatowski, Piotr Kaczmarek, Pawel Cisowski, Ewa Breborowicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Marcin Dzianach, Tomasz Krupecki, Lior Laver, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: Glenohumeral range of motion adaptations may affect throwing athletes and contribute to shoulder injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shoulder rotation deficits among elite professional handball players and its correlation to the presence of shoulder pain and morphological changes. METHODS: Eighty-seven elite professional handball players and 41 healthy non-athlete volunteers participated in the study. Evaluations included measurement of range of internal and external rotation, total arch of motion, identification of shoulder pain and ultrasound scan for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and internal impingement...
February 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197004/a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-suicide-in-sikkim-india-sociodemographic-profile-and-risk-assessment
#6
Reshma Chettri, Jiwan Gurung, Bisu Singh
OBJECTIVE: The present study had been undertaken to investigate the sociodemographic profile of individuals who had committed suicide in Sikkim which may throw light on the vulnerable groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten-year suicide data (2006-2015) obtained from Police Headquarters, Crime Branch, Gangtok, have been statistically evaluated to study the sociodemographic profile. RESULTS: The results showed that out of 1604 suicide cases recorded for the past 10 years, 1051 were males (65...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196753/temporal-and-spatial-occlusion-of-advanced-visual-information-constrains-movement-re-organization-in-one-handed-catching-behaviors
#7
J A Stone, I W Maynard, J S North, D Panchuk, K Davids
Dynamic interceptive actions are performed under severe spatial and temporal constraints. Here, behavioral processes underpinning anticipation in one-handed catching were examined using novel technology to implement a spatial and temporal occlusion design. Video footage of an actor throwing a ball was manipulated to create four temporal and five spatial occlusion conditions. Data from twelve participants' hand kinematics and gaze behaviors were recorded while attempting to catch a projected ball synchronized with the video footage...
February 11, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193497/i-act-therefore-i-err-eeg-correlates-of-success-and-failure-in-a-virtual-throwing-game
#8
Boris Yazmir, Miriam Reiner
What are the neural responses to success and failure in a throwing task? To answer this question, we compared Event Related Potentials (ERPs) correlated with success and failure during a highly-ecological-virtual game. Participants played a tennis-like game in an immersive 3D virtual world, against a computer player, by controlling a virtual tennis racket with a force feedback robotic arm. Results showed that success, i.e. hitting the target, and failure, by missing the target, evoked ERP's that differ by peak, latencies, scalp signal distributions, sLORETA source estimation, and time-frequency patterns...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191561/the-role-of-%C3%AF-linkers-in-tuning-the-optoelectronic-properties-of-triphenylamine-derivatives-for-solar-cell-applications-a-dft-tddft-study
#9
Murugesan Panneerselvam, Arunkumar Kathiravan, Rajadurai Vijay Solomon, Madhavan Jaccob
A recently reported triphenylamine (TPA) group in conjugation with a benzothiadiazole (BTD) moiety opens up the possibility for designing new organic sensitizers for solar cell applications that are amenable for structural tuning. Hence, seven new TPA molecules were designed from two experimentally reported molecules. The optoelectronic properties, including the absorption and emission spectra of the TPA derivatives, were studied via density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) methods...
February 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191517/zika-virus-a-pandemic-in-progress
#10
Sankalp Yadav, Gautam Rawal, Mudit Baxi
The world is facing a number of emerging infections. The latest outbreak of Zika virus infection has only added to the suffering. The WHO declared a state of emergency in the affected countries and has issued alarms worldwide. The paucity of literature leading to lack of clear guidelines is one of the most important factors resulting in a higher number of cases. The absence of clinical vaccine and an antiviral drug may prove to be a really grave situation. The present paper throws some light on this new emerging virus that has been known to man since 1947...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187147/widespread-fear-of-dengue-transmission-but-poor-practices-of-dengue-prevention-a-study-in-the-slums-of-delhi-india
#11
Éric Daudé, Sumit Mazumdar, Vandana Solanki
BACKGROUND: This study has been conducted to throw light on the knowledge and practices related to dengue fever among the poor population living in Delhi's slums. MATERIALS: A household survey was conducted in 2013 among 3,350 households. The households were stratified by a number of variables related to socio-economic status and health events such as hospitalisation. The data collection was completed through face-to-face interviews conducted with the help of 25 field investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187138/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-group-based-gaze-training-intervention-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#12
Greg Wood, Charlotte A L Miles, Ginny Coyles, Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Samuel J Vine, Joan N Vickers, Mark R Wilson
: The aim of this study was to integrate a gaze training intervention (i.e., quiet eye training; QET) that has been shown to improve the throwing and catching skill of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), within an approach (i.e., group therapy) that might alleviate the negative psychosocial impact of these motor skill deficits. Twenty-one children with DCD were split into either QET (8 male 3 female, mean age of 8.6 years (SD = 1.04) or technical training (TT) groups (7 male 3 female, mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182027/critical-review-of-rasaratna-samuccaya-a-comprehensive-treatise-of-indian-alchemy
#13
REVIEW
Dhirajsingh Sumersingh Rajput, Rohit Gokarn, Chandrashekhar Y Jagtap, R Galib, B J Patgiri, P K Prajapati
Rasaratna Samuccaya (RRS) a 13(th) century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin. This text throws light on the state of Indian expertise in the field of alchemy regarding the extraction, purification, conversion of metals/minerals into therapeutically suitable forms, various instruments developed for alchemical purposes and treatment of numerous diseases by using herbo-mineral preparations. The present work is an attempt to summarize the key features of RRS to highlight its utility and contribution in the development of Indian alchemy...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174361/prevalence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-in-eritrean-population-a-retrospective-study
#14
V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav, Efrem Kahsu, Farhana Girkar, Rajnish Chakraborty
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly impacted tooth in the oral cavity is the mandibular third molar. Various etiologic factors have been suggested for impacted mandibular third molars. The pattern and prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars vary with different population and region. This study throws light on the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molars in Eritrea, East Africa. This is the first reported study regarding the same from Eritrea. AIM: To assess the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibu-lar third molars in the population of Eritrea, East Africa by conducting a retrospective study from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162966/over-the-counter-antibiotics-in-saudi-arabia-an-urgent-call-for-policy-makers
#15
Sharafaldeen Bin Nafisah, Salahaldin Bin Nafesa, Aliyah H Alamery, Mazen A Alhumaid, Haitham M AlMuhaidib, Fahad A Al-Eidan
Antibiotics over-consumption is a pandemic that has a tremendous cost on the overwhelmed healthcare system. The accessibility of antibiotics coupled with the misconception of public toward those drugs both of which implicated in the use and misuse of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of the community toward antibiotics, its purpose and harmfulness, in addition to the accessibility of those drugs as over the counter and without prescriptions. We also investigated the behavior toward antibiotic prescriptions when perceived unnecessary...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157935/non-telecentric-projection-lens-design-for-an-led-projector
#16
Wen-Shing Sun, Jui-Wen Pan
A newly designed non-telecentric projection zoom lens is proposed for a mini-projector with LED light sources. The projection lens consists of six spherical lenses. The zoom ratio of the projection lens is 1.1. At the wide condition, the working F/# can maintain at 2.4 and the throw ratio can operate at 1.23. The root mean square (RMS) spot sizes of all fields are smaller than 15 μm for all zoom ranges. The optical distortion and the TV distortion were suppressed to be smaller than 1.5% and 1%, respectively...
January 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152673/effects-of-adding-a-weekly-eccentric-overload-training-session-on-strength-and-athletic-performance-in-team-handball-players
#17
Rafael Sabido, Jose Luis HernáNdez-Davó, Javier Botella, Angel Navarro, Julio Tous-Fajardo
To investigate the influence of adding a weekly eccentric-overload training (EOT) session in several athletic performance's tests, 18 team-handball players were assigned either to an EOT (n = 11) or a Control (n = 7) group. Both groups continued to perform the same habitual strength training, but the EOT group added one session/week during a 7-week training programme consisting of four sets of eight repetitions for the bilateral half-squat and unilateral lunge exercises. The test battery included handball throwing velocity, maximum dynamic strength (1RM), countermovement jump (CMJ), 20 m sprint, triple hop for distance, and eccentric/concentric power in both the half-squat and lunge exercises...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149736/arthroscopic-debridement-of-the-thrower-s-shoulder-less-is-more
#18
Paul E Caldwell, Dustin C Dyer, Sara E Pearson
The thrower's shoulder has long been a topic of debate among shoulder specialists. The tremendous forces produced during the throwing motion coupled with the compilation of the pathology encountered in the thrower's shoulder have generated a complex treatment algorithm. Simplifying management options has been challenging and recommendations continue to evolve. Treatment of injuries to the thrower's shoulder most commonly involves addressing partial articular-sided rotator cuff tears. These can be isolated or more commonly associated with tearing of the posterior superior labrum...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149731/modified-jobe-approach-with-docking-technique-for%C3%A2-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#19
Daniel J Kaplan, Sergio A Glait, William E Ryan, Laith M Jazrawi
The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow acts as the primary restraint to valgus force experienced in the late cocking and early acceleration phases of overhead throwing. If the UCL or dynamic flexor-pronator musculature is incompetent, elbow extension and valgus torque, as seen in throwing, can result in posteromedial impingement with subsequent chondromalacia and osteophyte formation. Before the first UCL reconstruction, performed by Frank Jobe in 1974, this injury was considered career ending in overhead athletes...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149523/differences-in-life-expectancy-between-olympic-high-jumpers-discus-throwers-marathon-and-100-meter-runners
#20
Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich, Jonathan Myers
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothesized that the survival would differ between athlete types and that ectomorph athletes would have longer survival than heavier athletes. METHODS: For each Olympics between 1928 and 1948 we identified the top (up to 20) Olympic male and female finishers in the high jump (HJ), discus throw, marathon, and 100-m run...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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