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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546875/spinal-cord-infarct-caused-from-suspected-fibrocartilaginous-embolism
#1
Ayham M Alkhachroum, Danielle Weiss, Alan Lerner, Michael A De Georgia
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of spinal cord infarct as a result of suspected fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man presented with sudden onset cervical and upper back pain followed by progressive weakness in his extremities after throwing a baseball. History, neurologic examination and spinal cord imaging were consistent with spinal cord infarct. We believe the cause was from FCE. DISCUSSION: Though rare, physicians should be familiar with this diagnosis and the proposed mechanisms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545717/preseason-screening-of-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-humeral-retrotorsion-does-not-predict-injury-in-high-school-baseball-players
#2
Sakiko Oyama, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Shoulder and elbow injuries are commonplace in high school baseball. Although altered shoulder range of motion (ROM) and humeral retrotorsion angles have been associated with injuries, the efficacy of preseason screening of these characteristics remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted preseason screenings for shoulder internal and external rotation ROM and humeral retrotorsion on 832 high school baseball players and tracked their exposure and incidence on throwing-related shoulder and elbow injuries during a subsequent season...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542917/characterizing-the-performance-of-pipe-bombs
#3
Jimmie C Oxley, James L Smith, Evan T Bernier, Fredrick Sandstrom, Gregory G Weiss, Gunther W Recht, David Schatzer
Pipe bombs of steel or PVC fragment in reproducible patterns when similarly configured. The power of the explosion correlates with number, mass, and size of the fragments recovered, where a large number of small, low-mass fragments indicate a high-power event and vice versa. In discussing performance, describing pipe fragmentation pattern by fragment weight distribution mapping (FWDM) or fragment surface area distribution mapping (FSADM) was useful. When fillers detonated, detonation velocities of ~4.4 mm/μs were measured...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540874/computer-assisted-objective-structured-clinical-examination-versus-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-assessment-of-dermatology-undergraduate-students
#4
Richa Chaudhary, Chander Grover, S N Bhattacharya, Arun Sharma
BACKGROUND: The assessment of dermatology undergraduates is being done through computer assisted objective structured clinical examination at our institution for the last 4 years. We attempted to compare objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and computer assisted objective structured clinical examination (CA-OSCE) as assessment tools. AIM: To assess the relative effectiveness of CA-OSCE and OSCE as assessment tools for undergraduate dermatology trainees...
May 22, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538869/potential-mechanisms-linking-probiotics-to-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
Maryam Miraghajani, Somayeh Shahraki Dehsoukhteh, Nahid Rafie, Sahar Golpour Hamedani, Sima Sabihi, Reza Ghiasvand
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Some studies have suggested a wide range of possible mechanisms through which probiotics may play a role in diabetes prevention and treatment. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We conducted this study to review the potential mechanisms suggested for the effect of probiotics in diabetes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review conducted at the Food Security Research Center of Isfahan. METHODS: A search in the electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Google scholar was performed up to October 2016...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537416/glutathione-degradation
#6
Anand K Bachhawat, Amandeep Kaur
SIGNIFICANCE: Glutathione degradation has for long been thought to occur only on non-cytosolic pools. This is because there has been only one enzyme known to degrade glutathione (γ-glutamyltranspeptidase), and this localizes to either the plasma membrane (mammals, bacteria) or the vacuolar membrane (yeast, plants) and acts on extracellular or vacuolar pools. The last few years has seen the discovery of several new enzymes of glutathione degradation that function in the cytosol, throwing new light on glutathione degradation...
May 24, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537195/caffeine-ingestion-acutely-enhances-muscular-strength-and-power-but-not-muscular-endurance-in-resistance-trained-men
#7
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
The goal of this randomized, double-blind, cross-over study was to assess the acute effects of caffeine ingestion on muscular strength and power, muscular endurance, rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and pain perception (PP) in resistance-trained men. Seventeen volunteers (mean ± SD: age = 26 ± 6 years, stature = 182 ± 9 cm, body mass = 84 ± 9 kg, resistance training experience = 7 ± 3 years) consumed placebo or 6 mg kg(-1) of anhydrous caffeine 1 h before testing...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536357/glycosylated-triterpenoids-as-endosomal-escape-enhancers-in-targeted-tumor-therapies
#8
REVIEW
Hendrik Fuchs, Nicole Niesler, Alexandra Trautner, Simko Sama, Gerold Jerz, Hossein Panjideh, Alexander Weng
Protein-based targeted toxins play an increasingly important role in targeted tumor therapies. In spite of their high intrinsic toxicity, their efficacy in animal models is low. A major reason for this is the limited entry of the toxin into the cytosol of the target cell, which is required to mediate the fatal effect. Target receptor bound and internalized toxins are mostly either recycled back to the cell surface or lysosomally degraded. This might explain why no antibody-targeted protein toxin has been approved for tumor therapeutic applications by the authorities to date although more than 500 targeted toxins have been developed within the last decades...
March 29, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535726/the-effects-of-arousal-reappraisal-on-stress-responses-performance-and-attention
#9
Nadine Sammy, Paul A Anstiss, Lee J Moore, Paul Freeman, Mark R Wilson, Samuel J Vine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339-343. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0186 ] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance...
May 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532611/hijacked-evidence-based-medicine-stay-the-course-and-throw-the-pirates-overboard
#10
John P A Ioannidis
The article discusses a number of criticisms that have been raised against evidence-based medicine, such as focusing on benefits and ignoring adverse events; being interested in averages and ignoring the wide variability in individual risks and responsiveness; ignoring clinician-patient interaction and clinical judgement; leading to some sort of reductionism; and falling prey to corruption from conflicts of interest. I argue that none of these deficiencies are necessarily inherent to evidence-based medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#11
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527777/triple-antithrombotic-therapy-at%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-intercept-between-threats-and%C3%A2-opportunities-don-t-throw-out-the-baby-with-the-bath-water
#12
EDITORIAL
Davide Capodanno, Dominick J Angiolillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#13
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521221/high-intensity-repeated-sprints-impair-postural-control-but-with-no-effects-on-free-throwing-accuracy-in-under-19-basketball-players
#14
Fabio Augusto Barbieri, Sérgio Tosi Rodrigues, Paula Favaro Polastri, Ricardo Augusto Barbieri, Pedro Henrique Alves de Paula, Fabio Milioni, Paulo Eduardo Redkva, Alessandro Moura Zagatto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515548/culturally-relevant-family-therapy-practice-with-parents-of-children-and-adolescents
#15
Tania Roy, A Thirumoorthy, R Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: India is diverse in culture, with multiple aspects that may not match with the Western societal picture. Hence, it has often been seen that therapists encounter unique aspects of therapy that is faced during actual practice, which is never written in any textbook or research papers. Substantial information is present through both outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) studies and process research, but it has very little impact of actual Marital and Family Therapy (MFT) practice...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514460/considering-the-role-of-the-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band-do-not-throw-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater
#16
Jon C Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513271/college-pitchers-demonstrate-directional-differences-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-compared-to-controls
#17
John Andrew Badagliacco, Andrew Karduna
CONTEXT: The relationship between overhead throwing and its effect on proprioception is not well understood. It is important to gain a better understanding of how these are related to protect overhead athletes from an increased risk of injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate proprioceptive alterations in the overhead thrower's shoulder. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional Study. Independent variables are: limb (dominant and non-dominant), group (thrower or control), and target angle...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503226/consumer-views-on-safety-of-over-the-counter-drugs-preferred-retailers-and-information-sources-in-sweden-after-re-regulation-of-the-pharmacy-market
#18
Tommy Westerlund, Sahra Barzi, Cecilia Bernsten
BACKGROUND: The availability of over-the-counter drugs (OTCs) has increased in Sweden since a re-regulation of the pharmacy market in 2009, through which non-pharmacy retailers became permitted to provide certain OTCs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the adult general public's views on safety, purchasing and information channels, storage and disposal of OTCs in Sweden, three years after the re-regulation of the pharmacy market. METHODS: A questionnaire study in 2012-13 in a stratified, random sample of all inhabitants in Sweden ≥ 18 years old...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503159/quantifying-the-degree-of-movement-dissimilarity-between-two-distinct-action-scenarios-an-exploratory-approach-with-procrustes-analysis
#19
Pedro Passos, Tania Campos, Ana Diniz
Game consoles allow subjects to perform movements which are visually similar to the movements performed in 'real' world scenarios. Beyond entertainment, virtual reality devices are being used in several domains: sports performance; motor rehabilitation; training of risk professions. This article presents the Procrustes method to measure the degree of dissimilarity between movements performed in 'real' and 'virtual' scenarios. For this purpose, the 501 darts game and a video darts game played on a console were used...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498227/mechanisms-and-treatments-for-shoulder-injuries-in-overhead-throwing-athletes
#20
Jason L Zaremski, Joseph G Wasser, Heather K Vincent
Shoulder injuries in overhead throwing athletes are very common. Throwing volume and mechanical forces that are placed on the glenohumeral joint and associated soft tissue structures are contributors. Poor biomechanics and weak links in the kinetic chain place this athletic population at increased risk for shoulder injuries. Common biomechanical deficiencies in overhead throwing athletes typically involve poor sequential timing of muscle activity and insufficient coordination also presented in shoulder elevation and other functional tasks...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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