keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

life expectancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931202/different-sized-incisions-for-phacoemulsification-in-age-related-cataract
#1
REVIEW
Chongfei Jin, Xinyi Chen, Andrew Law, Yunhee Kang, Xue Wang, Wen Xu, Ke Yao
BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is the principal cause of blindness and visual impairment in the world. Phacoemulsification is the main surgical procedure used to treat cataract. The comparative effectiveness and safety of different-sized incisions for phacoemulsification has not been determined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of smaller versus larger incisions for phacoemulsification in age-related cataract...
September 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#2
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931082/barcoding-atlantic-canada-s-mesopelagic-and-upper-bathypelagic-marine-fishes
#3
Ellen L Kenchington, Shauna M Baillie, Trevor J Kenchington, Paul Bentzen
DNA barcode sequences were developed from 557 mesopelagic and upper bathypelagic teleost specimens collected in waters off Atlantic Canada. Confident morphological identifications were available for 366 specimens, of 118 species and 93 genera, which yielded 328 haplotypes. Five of the species were novel to the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD). Most of the 118 species conformed to expectations of monophyly and the presence of a "barcode gap", though some known weaknesses in existing taxonomy were confirmed and a deficiency in published keys was revealed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930692/palbociclib-in-hormone-receptor-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-a-cost-utility-analysis
#4
J Raphael, J Helou, K I Pritchard, D M Naimark
INTRODUCTION: The addition of palbociclib to letrozole improves progression-free survival in the first-line treatment of hormone receptor positive advanced breast cancer (ABC). This study assesses the cost-utility of palbociclib from the Canadian healthcare payer perspective. METHODS: A probabilistic discrete event simulation (DES) model was developed and parameterised with data from the PALOMA 1 and 2 trials and other sources. The incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-month (QALM) gained for palbociclib was calculated...
September 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929940/a-controlled-trial-of-a-yoga-based-prevention-program-targeting-eating-disorder-risk-factors-among-middle-school-females
#5
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Kellie Talebkhah, Wendy Guyker, Emily Keddie
This study investigates outcomes of a revised version of a yoga-based, eating disorder prevention program, targeting eating disorder risk factors, among fifth grade girls (i.e., Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower [GGWB]). The program is designed to decrease eating disorder risk factors and bolster self-care and includes revisions not yet studied that extend the program to 14 weeks and enhance content addressing self-care. Efficacy was assessed using a controlled, repeated measures design...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929037/risk-of-death-from-prostate-cancer-with-and-without-definitive-local-therapy-when-gleason-pattern-5-is-present-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-analysis
#6
Jonathan Frandsen, Andrew Orton, Dennis Shrieve, Jonathan Tward
Purpose The purpose is to evaluate the patterns of care and comparative effectiveness for cause-specific and overall survival of definitive local treatments versus conservatively managed men with a primary or secondary Gleason pattern of 5. Methods and materials Patients diagnosed from 2004 to 2012 with a primary or secondary Gleason pattern of 5 N0M0 prostate cancer were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate the survival...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928979/ablation-of-a-left-sided-accessory-pathway-with-near-zero-fluoroscopy-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#7
Gabriel Cismaru, Lucian Muresan, Mihai Puiu, Radu Rosu, Gabriel Gusetu, Dana Pop, Dumitru Zdrenghea
Catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias in pediatric population is associated with the risk of ionizing radiation on the child. Due to a greater radiation sensitivity in children and a longer life expectancy newer techniques try to reduce the radiation exposure. A new technique for zero-fluoroscopy catheter ablation is described in a 9-year-old boy who had a left-sided concealed accessory pathway. The NAVX Ensite 3D mapping system permits catheter placement inside the venous system and movement inside the heart chambers without the use of X-rays...
September 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928767/genome-wide-epigenetic-characterization-of-tissues-from-three-germ-layers-isolated-from-sheep-fetuses
#8
Emanuele Capra, Paola Toschi, Marcello Del Corvo, Barbara Lazzari, Pier A Scapolo, Pasqualino Loi, John L Williams, Alessandra Stella, Paolo Ajmone-Marsan
DNA methylation of regulatory and growth-related genes contributes to fetal programming which is important for maintaining the correct development of three germ layers of the embryo that develope into different tissues and organs, and which persists into adult life. In this study, a preliminary epigenetic screen was performed to define genomic regions that are involved in fetal epigenome remodeling. Embryonic ectodermic tissues (origin of nervous tissue), mesenchymal tissues (origin of connective and muscular tissues), and foregut endoderm tissues (origin of epithelial tissue), from day 28 sheep fetuses were collected and the distribution of methylated CpGs was analyzed using whole-genome bisulfite sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928628/axonal-degeneration-during-aging-and-its-functional-role-in-neurodegenerative-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Natalia Salvadores, Mario Sanhueza, Patricio Manque, Felipe A Court
Aging constitutes the main risk factor for the development of neurodegenerative diseases. This represents a major health issue worldwide that is only expected to escalate due to the ever-increasing life expectancy of the population. Interestingly, axonal degeneration, which occurs at early stages of neurodegenerative disorders (ND) such as Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Parkinson's disease, also takes place as a consequence of normal aging. Moreover, the alteration of several cellular processes such as proteostasis, response to cellular stress and mitochondrial homeostasis, which have been described to occur in the aging brain, can also contribute to axonal pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928381/crispr-cas9-induced-targeted-mutagenesis-and-gene-replacement-to-generate-long-shelf-life-tomato-lines
#10
Qing-Hui Yu, Baike Wang, Ning Li, Yaping Tang, Shengbao Yang, Tao Yang, Juan Xu, Chunmiao Guo, Peng Yan, Qiang Wang, Patiguli Asmutola
Quickly and precisely gain genetically enhanced breeding elites with value-adding performance traits is desired by the crop breeders all the time. The present of gene editing technologies, especially the CRISPR/Cas9 system with the capacities of efficiency, versatility and multiplexing provides a reasonable expectation towards breeding goals. For exploiting possible application to accelerate the speed of process at breeding by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, in this study, the Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated CRISPR/Cas9 system transformation method was used for obtaining tomato ALC gene mutagenesis and replacement, in absence and presence of the homologous repair template...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928177/adherence-and-dosing-interval-of-subcutaneous-antitumour-necrosis-factor-biologics-among-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis-analysis-from-a-canadian-administrative-database
#11
Peter Bhoi, Louis Bessette, Mary J Bell, Cathy Tkaczyk, Francois Nantel, Karina Maslova
OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous tumour necrosis factor alpha TNFαinhibitors (SC-TNFis) such as golimumab (GLM), adalimumab (ADA), etanercept (ETA) and certolizumab pegol (CZP) have been used for many years for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. Non-adherence to therapy is an important modifiable factor that may compromise patient outcomes. The aim of this analysis was to compare adherence and dosing interval of SC-TNFis in the treatment of people with inflammatory arthritis. DESIGN: We used the IMS Brogan database combining both Canadian private and public drug plan databases of Ontario and Quebec...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928175/integrated-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-including-tailoring-of-anticoagulation-in-primary-care-study-design-of-the-all-in-cluster-randomised-trial
#12
Carline J van den Dries, Ruud Oudega, Arif Elvan, Frans H Rutten, Sjef J C M van de Leur, Henk J G Bilo, Arno W Hoes, Karel G M Moons, Geert-Jan Geersing
INTRODUCTION: In our ageing society, we are at the merge of an expected epidemic of atrial fibrillation (AF). AF management requires an integrated approach, including rate or rhythm control, stroke prevention with anticoagulation and treatment of comorbidities such as heart failure or type 2 diabetes. As such, primary care seems to be the logical healthcare setting for the chronic management of patients with AF. However, primary care has not yet played a dominant role in AF management, which has been in fact more fragmented between different healthcare providers...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928026/an-online-resource-to-promote-vocational-interests-among-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-australia
#13
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Ashley Craig, Christine Migliorini
OBJECTIVE: To provide a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of an on-line resource for job-seekers with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. SETTING: Community-dwelling cohort in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven adults with relapsing-remitting or progressive MS accessed an email-delivered, 7-module resource - 'Work and MS' - over a 4-week period. Fifty wait-list control participants were offered the opportunity to access 'Work and MS' 4 weeks post-enrolment...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#14
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925962/strengthening-of-existing-bridge-structures-for-shear-and-bending-with-carbon-textile-reinforced-mortar
#15
Martin Herbrand, Viviane Adam, Martin Classen, Dominik Kueres, Josef Hegger
Increasing traffic loads and changes in code provisions lead to deficits in shear and flexural capacity of many existing highway bridges. Therefore, a large number of structures are expected to require refurbishment and strengthening in the future. This projection is based on the current condition of many older road bridges. Different strengthening methods for bridges exist to extend their service life, all having specific advantages and disadvantages. By applying a thin layer of carbon textile-reinforced mortar (CTRM) to bridge deck slabs and the webs of pre-stressed concrete bridges, the fatigue and ultimate strength of these members can be increased significantly...
September 19, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925748/the-effect-of-lomitapide-on-cardiovascular-outcome-measures-in-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-a-modelling-analysis
#16
Robert Leipold, Frederick Raal, Jack Ishak, Kees Hovingh, Helen Phillips
Background Patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia are at high risk of cardiovascular disease due to high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels. Cardiovascular disease outcome studies are impossible to conduct, due to the rarity of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. We modelled the potential efficacy of lomitapide, a microsomal transfer protein inhibitor, on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and survival. Design We calculated the effect on cardiovascular outcomes of a 38% plasma LDL-cholesterol reduction induced by lomitapide...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925635/diabetes-self-management-facilitating-lifestyle-change
#17
Marlon Russell Koenigsberg, Jennifer Corliss
Healthy eating and increased physical activity can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes mellitus and facilitate diabetes management. Current guidelines recommend long-term weight loss of 5% to 7% of body weight and 150 minutes of at least moderate-intensity physical activity per week for most patients with prediabetes and diabetes. Techniques to assess and facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes can be practical in primary care. During office visits, physicians should assess and gradually encourage patients' readiness to work toward change...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925512/suprafascial-dissection-of-the-pedicled-groin-flap-a-safe-and-practical-approach-to-flap-harvest
#18
Mohamed Abdelrahman, Jonathan Zelken, Ren-Wen Huang, Chung-Chen Hsu, Chih-Hung Lin, Yu-Te Lin, Cheng-Hung Lin
BACKGROUND: The groin flap has been relied upon for more than 4 decades and is well suited for reconstruction of the mutilated hand. Classic groin flap harvest is subfascial and includes the superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA). SCIA perforator flaps have shown that one perforator is sufficient to supply a large flap without breaching fascia. Accordingly, we routinely preserve the fascia and rely wholly on the superficial branch of the SCIA, sparing the deep branch. We aim to investigate the safety of suprafascial flap elevation and encourage a paradigm shift in reconstruction with groin flap transfer...
September 19, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925295/characteristics-of-patients-with-existing-advance-directives-evaluating-motivations-around-advance-care-planning
#19
Joanne E Genewick, Dorothy M Lipski, Katherine M Schupack, Angela L H Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although 80% of patients endorse an advance directive (AD), less than 35% of American adults have a documented AD. Much research has been done on barriers to creating ADs; however, there is a paucity of research addressing motivations for creating ADs. Previous research has identified 4 categories of influence for engaging in advance care planning (ACP). This study aimed to quantify the influence of these 4 motivating categories in creating an AD. METHODS: Participants included 238 adults with documented ADs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925063/the-decline-in-adult-activities-among-u-s-adolescents-1976-2016
#20
Jean M Twenge, Heejung Park
The social and historical contexts may influence the speed of development. In seven large, nationally representative surveys of U.S. adolescents 1976-2016 (N = 8.44 million, ages 13-19), fewer adolescents in recent years engaged in adult activities such as having sex, dating, drinking alcohol, working for pay, going out without their parents, and driving, suggesting a slow life strategy. Adult activities were less common when median income, life expectancy, college enrollment, and age at first birth were higher and family size and pathogen prevalence were lower, consistent with life history theory...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
keyword
keyword
89707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"