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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240942/we-look-like-our-names-the-manifestation-of-name-stereotypes-in-facial-appearance
#1
Yonat Zwebner, Anne-Laure Sellier, Nir Rosenfeld, Jacob Goldenberg, Ruth Mayo
Research demonstrates that facial appearance affects social perceptions. The current research investigates the reverse possibility: Can social perceptions influence facial appearance? We examine a social tag that is associated with us early in life-our given name. The hypothesis is that name stereotypes can be manifested in facial appearance, producing a face-name matching effect, whereby both a social perceiver and a computer are able to accurately match a person's name to his or her face. In 8 studies we demonstrate the existence of this effect, as participants examining an unfamiliar face accurately select the person's true name from a list of several names, significantly above chance level...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240622/oxandrolone-coadministration-does-not-alter-plasma-propranolol-concentrations-in-severely-burned-pediatric-patients
#2
Ashley N Guillory, David N Herndon, Michael B Silva, Clark R Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Celeste C Finnerty
The systemic impact of severe burn injury results in a variety of disorders that require therapeutic intervention. Propranolol, a nonselective β1, β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduces resting heart rate and cardiac work caused by elevated circulating catecholamines. Oxandrolone, a testosterone mimetic, promotes protein synthesis and anabolism to counter muscle wasting. Coadministration of these drugs is expected to synergistically improve patient outcomes. Testosterone administration is known to alter β-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239745/differences-in-healthy-life-expectancy-between-older-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-three-european-countries-over-time
#3
Matias Reus-Pons, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed differences in healthy life expectancy at age 50 (HLE50) between migrants and non-migrants in Belgium , the Netherlands, and England and Wales, and their trends over time between 2001 and 2011 in the latter two countries. METHODS: Population, mortality and health data were derived from registers, census or surveys. HLE50 and the share of remaining healthy life years were calculated for non-migrants, western and non-western migrants by sex...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239496/life-expectancy-in-pleural-and-peritoneal-mesothelioma
#4
Robert Shavelle, Kate Vavra-Musser, Jessica Lee, Jordan Brooks
Background. Mesothelioma is a rare cancer with a historically dire prognosis. We sought to calculate life expectancies for patients with pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma, both at time of diagnosis and several years later, and to examine whether survival has improved in recent years. Methods. Data on 10,258 pleural and 1,229 peritoneal patients from the SEER US national cancer database, 1973-2011, were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results. The major factors related to survival were age, sex, stage, grade, histology, and treatment...
2017: Lung Cancer International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239009/life-begins-at-60-identifying-the-social-support-needs-of-african-american-women-aging-with-hiv
#5
Lari Warren-Jeanpiere, Heather Dillaway, Pilar Hamilton, Mary Young, Lakshmi Goparaju
HIV chronicity has resulted in increased life expectancy for many African American women who acquired the disease during the epidemic's peak years. As these women live longer and age, their social support needs may increase. Five focus groups were conducted in Washington, DC with 23 HIV-positive African American women aged 52-65 to explore women's perceptions about how aging and HIV chronicity affects their social support needs. Participants were recruited from the longitudinal Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) participant pool...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238805/pharmacological-inhibition-of-lsd1-and-mtor-reduces-mitochondrial-retention-and-associated-ros-levels-in-the-red-blood-cells-of-sickle-cell-disease
#6
Ramasamy Jagadeeswaran, Benjamin A Vazquez, Muthusamy Thiruppathi, Balaji B Ganesh, Vinzon Ibanez, Shuaiying Cui, James D Engel, Alan M Diamond, Robert E Molokie, Joseph DeSimone, Donald Lavelle, Angela Rivers
Sickle cell disease (SCD), an inherited blood disorder caused by a point mutation that renders hemoglobin susceptible to polymerization when deoxygenated, affects millions of people worldwide. Manifestations of SCD include chronic hemolytic anemia, inflammation, painful vaso-occlusive crises, multisystem organ damage, and reduced life expectancy. Part of SCD pathophysiology is the excessive formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in SCD red blood cells (RBCs) which accelerates their hemolysis...
February 23, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238726/ex-vivo-lung-perfusion-a-key-tool-for-translational-science-in-the-lungs
#7
Shinya Tane, Kentaro Noda, Norihisa Shigemura
Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) promises to be a comprehensive platform for assessment, re-conditioning, and preservation for donor lungs and has been dramatically changing the face of clinical lung transplantation. Besides its increasing role in lung transplantation, EVLP has also been recognized as a useful tool for translational research involving the lungs. Based on recent remarkable evidence and experience using EVLP in lung transplantation, there is growing interest in and expectations for the use of EVLP beyond the field of lung transplantation...
February 23, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238633/early-neonatal-death-a-challenge-worldwide
#8
REVIEW
Liisa Lehtonen, Ana Gimeno, Anna Parra-Llorca, Máximo Vento
Early neonatal death (ENND), defined as the death of a newborn between zero and seven days after birth, represents 73% of all postnatal deaths worldwide. Despite a 50% reduction in childhood mortality, reduction of ENND has significantly lagged behind other Millennium Developmental Goal achievements and is a growing contributor to overall mortality in children aged <5 years. The etiology of ENND is closely related to the level of a country's industrialization. Hence, prematurity and congenital anomalies are the leading causes in high-income countries...
February 23, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238055/the-status-of-intensive-care-medicine-research-and-a-future-agenda-for-very-old-patients-in-the-icu
#9
REVIEW
H Flaatten, D W de Lange, A Artigas, D Bin, R Moreno, S Christensen, G M Joynt, Sean M Bagshaw, C L Sprung, D Benoit, M Soares, B Guidet
The "very old intensive care patients" (abbreviated to VOPs; greater than 80 years old) are probably the fastest expanding subgroup of all intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Up until recently most ICU physicians have been reluctant to admit these VOPs. The general consensus was that there was little survival to gain and the incremental life expectancy of ICU admission was considered too small. Several publications have questioned this belief, but others have confirmed the poor long-term mortality rates in VOPs...
February 25, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237812/physiological-and-behavioral-effects-of-exogenous-corticosterone-in-a-free-ranging-ectotherm
#10
Natalie M Claunch, Julius A Frazier, Camilo Escallón, Ben J Vernasco, Ignacio T Moore, Emily N Taylor
In the face of global change, free-ranging organisms are expected to experience more unpredictable stressors. An understanding of how organisms with different life history strategies will respond to such changes is an integral part of biodiversity conservation. Corticosterone (CORT) levels are often used as metrics to assess the population health of wild vertebrates, despite the fact that the stress response and its effects on organismal function are highly variable. Our understanding of the stress response is primarily derived from studies on endotherms, leading to some contention on the effects of chronic stress across and within taxa...
February 22, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237639/years-of-potential-life-lost-and-life-expectancy-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Carsten Hjorthøj, Anne Emilie Stürup, John J McGrath, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Several studies and meta-analyses have shown that mortality in people with schizophrenia is higher than that in the general population but have used relative measures, such as standardised mortality ratios. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate years of potential life lost and life expectancy in schizophrenia, which are more direct, absolute measures of increased mortality. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Cinahl, and Web of Science for published studies on years of potential life lost and life expectancy in schizophrenia...
February 22, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237460/the-impact-of-healthcare-spending-on-health-outcomes-a-meta-regression-analysis
#12
Craig A Gallet, Hristos Doucouliagos
While numerous studies assess the impact of healthcare spending on health outcomes, typically reporting multiple estimates of the elasticity of health outcomes (most often measured by a mortality rate or life expectancy) with respect to healthcare spending, the extent to which study attributes influence these elasticity estimates is unclear. Accordingly, we utilize a meta-data set (consisting of 65 studies completed over the 1969-2014 period) to examine these elasticity estimates using meta-regression analysis (MRA)...
February 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237437/disease-impact-on-general-well-being-and-therapeutic-expectations-of-european-type-ii-and-type-iii-spinal-muscular-atrophy-patients
#13
Françoise Rouault, Vanessa Christie-Brown, Ria Broekgaarden, Nicole Gusset, Doug Henderson, Patryk Marczuk, Inge Schwersenz, Gil Bellis, Christian Cottet
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disorder showing a broad clinical spectrum and no cure to date. To design and select evaluation criteria for the potential assessment of drugs currently being developed, the patient's perspective is critical. A survey, aiming to obtain a view on the current clinical state of European Type II and Type III SMA patients, the impact of this situation on their quality of life and their expectations regarding clinical development, was carried out by SMA-Europe member organizations in July 2015...
February 3, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237423/what-influences-healthcare-professionals-treatment-preferences-for-older-women-with-operable-breast-cancer-an-application-of-the-discrete-choice-experiment
#14
J L Morgan, S J Walters, K Collins, T G Robinson, K-L Cheung, R Audisio, M W Reed, L Wyld
INTRODUCTION: Primary endocrine therapy (PET) is used variably in the UK as an alternative to surgery for older women with operable breast cancer. Guidelines state that only patients with "significant comorbidity" or "reduced life expectancy" should be treated this way and age should not be a factor. METHODS: A Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) was used to determine the impact of key variables (patient age, comorbidity, cognition, functional status, cancer stage, cancer biology) on healthcare professionals' (HCP) treatment preferences for operable breast cancer among older women...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237420/long-term-therapy-with-intrathecal-baclofen-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-severe-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Tanja Kraus, Kathrin Gegenleitner, Martin Svehlik, Michael Novak, Gerhardt Steinwender, Georg Singer
INTRODUCTION: Children with severe spastic cerebral palsy (CP) are highly limited in daily life activities causing a reduced quality of life (QoL). This is partly due to an increased muscle tone causing pain and contractures. Continuous intrathecal infusion of baclofen (ITB) reduces the spasticity of affected patients. The hypothesis of the present study was that ITB leads to a significant improvement of QoL in non-ambulant children with CP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 13 patients (10 male, 3 female, mean age 14 years) were included...
February 11, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237001/radioiodine-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Markus Luster, Andreas Pfestroff, Heribert Hänscheid, Frederik A Verburg
Radioiodine therapy for benign and malignant thyroid disease rose at the birth of nuclear medicine. Since then, this procedure has been performed countless of times in adult and in pediatric patients alike, and has contributed to a normalization of life expectancy in all but I-131 refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cases. As (131)I therapy in children is almost exclusively given for DTC, this review of radioiodine therapy in children focuses on patients with malignant thyroid disease. The aim of the present review is to provide an overview of the indications, practical execution, and controversies surrounding (131)I therapy for malignant tumors in pediatric patients...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236919/a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-cannulation-arteriovenous-grafts-versus-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-in-patients-requiring-urgent-vascular-access-for-hemodialysis
#17
Emma Aitken, Peter Thomson, Leigh Bainbridge, Ram Kasthuri, Belinda Mohr, David Kingsmore
OBJECTIVE: Early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVGs) are proposed as an alternative to tunneled central venous catheters (TCVCs) in patients requiring immediate vascular access for hemodialysis (HD). We compared bacteremia rates in patients treated with ecAVG and TCVC. METHODS: The study randomized 121 adult patients requiring urgent vascular access for HD in a 1:1 fashion to receive an ecAVG with or without (+/-) an arteriovenous fistula (AVF; n = 60) or TCVC+/-AVF (n = 61)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236653/life-history-tactics-shape-amphibians-demographic-responses-to-the-north-atlantic-oscillation
#18
Hugo Cayuela, Pierre Joly, Benedikt R Schmidt, Julian Pichenot, Eric Bonnaire, Pauline Priol, Olivier Peyronel, Mathias Laville, Aurélien Besnard
Over the last three decades, climate abnormalities have been reported to be involved in biodiversity decline by affecting population dynamics. A growing number of studies have shown that the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) influences the demographic parameters of a wide range of plant and animal taxa in different ways. Life history theory could help to understand these different demographic responses to the NAO. Indeed, theory states that the impact of weather variation on a species' demographic traits should depend on its position along the fast-slow continuum...
February 25, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236464/future-life-expectancy-in-35-industrialised-countries-projections-with-a-bayesian-model-ensemble
#19
Vasilis Kontis, James E Bennett, Colin D Mathers, Guangquan Li, Kyle Foreman, Majid Ezzati
BACKGROUND: Projections of future mortality and life expectancy are needed to plan for health and social services and pensions. Our aim was to forecast national age-specific mortality and life expectancy using an approach that takes into account the uncertainty related to the choice of forecasting model. METHODS: We developed an ensemble of 21 forecasting models, all of which probabilistically contributed towards the final projections. We applied this approach to project age-specific mortality to 2030 in 35 industrialised countries with high-quality vital statistics data...
February 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236369/patients-hospitalized-with-an-infective-exacerbation-of-bronchiectasis-unrelated-to-cystic-fibrosis-clinical-physiological-and-sputum-characteristics
#20
Victoria Venning, James Bartlett, Lata Jayaram
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bronchiectasis is a growing health burden both globally and in Australasia. Associated with repeated respiratory infections, the disease often results in hospital admission, impaired quality of life, reduced lung function and shortened life expectancy. We describe the local clinical, physiological and sputum characteristics in patients hospitalized with an infective exacerbation of bronchiectasis. METHODS: This study examined the medical records of all 61 adults admitted to a metropolitan Australian hospital with an infective exacerbation of bronchiectasis in a calendar year...
February 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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