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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#1
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722005/a-conservative-management-of-iatrogenically-damaged-distal-root-of-the-mandibular-second-molar
#2
Rashmi Bansal, Sonali Roy, Praveen Chandra, Anuraag Gurtu, Rahul Pandey
Trauma to the adjacent hard and soft tissue is the most common iatrogenic injury during extraction of the mandibular third molar. As every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice, the major concern must be in conserving the tooth and its structure as much as possible. The present case discusses the application of this conservative approach for management of iatrogenically damaged distal root of the mandibular second molar during extraction of impacted third molar, in which excessive guttering of alveolar bone and fractured apical third of distal root of 37 was observed radiographically...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703158/compliance-with-occupational-exposure-risk-management-procedures-in-a-dental-school-setting
#3
J O Westall, C Dickinson
Background The Dental Institute at King's College London has recently implemented changes focusing on infection control, including safety needle provision, personal protective equipment campaigns, mandatory lectures and formal assessment for students. We explored the effect of these changes over a five-year period.Methods We observed 49 clinical consultations in 2010 and 50 in 2014, examining clinician attire, personal protective equipment, dental operatory management, sharps hazards and aseptic technique.Results One hundred percent of operators wore gloves, apron and masks, 94% wore eye protection, 98% had uncovered wrists and 88% had tidy hair...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#4
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#5
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668102/the-emergency-dental-appointment-restorative-emergencies-part-2-dental-implant-related-problems
#6
Harpoonam Kalsi, Jose M Rodriguez, Ulpee Darbar, Kalpesh Bavisha
This is the second paper in a two-part series discussing the management of common restorative dental emergencies. The first paper focussed upon problems relating to conventional fixed and removable restorations, and this paper discusses the management of common dental implant related emergencies. With dental implant treatment becoming an increasingly popular method of replacing missing teeth, it is very likely that dentists working in general practice will routinely come across patients who have previously undergone this form of treatment, even if they themselves are not directly involved in placing or restoring dental implants...
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668101/the-emergency-dental-appointment-restorative-emergencies-part-1-tooth-related-problems
#7
Jose M Rodriguez, Harpoonam Kalsi, Kalpesh Bavisha, Ulpee Darbar
Dental emergencies affect a large proportion of the population. While there is ample information in the literature on how to manage medical emergencies in dental practice, there is little information on common dental emergencies and how to manage them. In the UK, the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey reported 9% of dentate adults reporting pain at their clinical examination. 1 The prevalence of non-pain related restorative dental emergencies is estimated to be higher, and will be a common presenting situation in the dental clinic...
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668100/periodontal-emergencies-in-general-practice
#8
Reena Wadia, Mark Ide
Diagnosing and managing periodontal emergencies is a common part of general dental practice. This article summarises the presentation, aetiology and management of the key periodontal emergencies, including gingival abscess, periodontal abscess, peri-coronitis/peri-coronal abscess, perio-endo lesion/ abscess, necrotising gingivitis and periodontitis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, acute physical/chemical/thermal injury and subgingival root fracture.
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668099/the-emergency-treatment-of-traumatised-permanent-anterior-teeth-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Catherine T Mccann, Richard R Welbury
This article aims to provide a practical clinician's guide to assessing and diagnosing dental trauma involving permanent teeth in children and young people, and for carrying out appropriate, guideline supported acute management. Timely referral to specialist paediatric dental services is crucial in more complex trauma presentations and will lead to improved outcomes for the dentition. Appropriate acute management by the primary clinician optimises the prognosis of any traumatised tooth and this article will focus on the emergency treatment of the traumatised permanent tooth...
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668097/medico-legal-considerations-in-providing-emergency-dental-care-in-practice
#10
Susie Sanderson
The unpredictability of unscheduled emergency dental care carries its own clinical, communication and management challenges with associated medico-legal risks. Providing emergency dental treatment for unfamiliar patients in an unfamiliar environment amplifies the hidden pitfalls which failure to avoid can create potentially damaging critical incidents in a practitioner's professional life. These are preferably avoided through consistent attention to best practice and risk management. Day to day processes, such as excellent record-keeping, valid consent and effective communication are under the spotlight in the event that a patient complains, raises a concern with a regulator or seeks compensation following alleged negligent care...
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663606/conscious-sedation-emerging-trends-in-pediatric-dentistry
#11
REVIEW
Joginder Pal Attri, Radhe Sharan, Vega Makkar, Kewal Krishan Gupta, Ranjana Khetarpal, Amar Parkash Kataria
Dental fear and anxiety is a common problem in pediatric patients. There is considerable variation in techniques used to manage them. Various sedation techniques using many different anesthetic agents have gained considerable popularity over the past few years. Children are not little adults; they differ physically, psychologically, and emotionally. The purpose of this review is to survey recent trends and concerning issues in the rapidly changing field of pediatric sedation. We will study the topic from the perspective of an anesthesiologist...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661116/dental-emergencies-management-strategies-that-improve-outcomes-digest
#12
Ryan Anthony Pedigo, Milana Zaurova
Points & Pearls is a digest of Emergency Medicine Practice. Acute dental emergencies are a common chief complaint presenting to emergency departments, and they are increasing substantially in frequency. The diagnosis and management of dental emergencies is a core competency of the emergency clinician, and proper therapeutic strategies can significantly improve cosmetic and functional outcomes for patients. This issue provides a systematic review of the literature on common acute traumatic and atraumatic dental emergencies with a focus on the historical and physical examination findings that must be understood to identify life-threatening infections, relieve pain, salvage natural teeth, and communicate with specialists in the further management of patients after emergency treatment...
June 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658923/sturge-weber-syndrome-a-case-study
#13
Mahesh Neerupakam, Podduturi Sanjay Reddy, Beeraboina Anand Babu, Guttikonda Vamsi Krishna
The aim of this case review was to touch upon the various clinical presentations and diagnostic features of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) as seen in the dental/medical practice. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare congenital disorder that belongs to a group of disorders collectively known as the phakomatoses. The characteristic pathological elements of the disease include leptomeninges angioma extending out to cerebral cortex with angiomatous lesions on the same side and unilateral facial nevus that affects trigeminal nerve division...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653050/elabor_aid-a-new-approach-%C3%A2-to-digital-shade-management
#14
Sascha Hein, Javier Tapia, Panaghiotis Bazos
Contemporary dental patients present with high expectations and demand seamless optical integration of restorative interventions. As a result, clinicians and technicians are required to develop methodologies that remain practical yet increase the accuracy and objectivity of shade analysis and estimation. There have been significant advances in digital technologies over the past 20 years, with digital photography being at the forefront. Digital photography has made an immediate and profound impact on applied clinical dentistry, primarily due to instantaneous image visualization and distribution...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652816/esthetic-smile-rehabilitation-of-anterior-teeth-by-treatment-with-biomimetic-restorative-materials-a-case-report
#15
Thayla Hellen Nunes Gouveia, Jéssica Dias Theobaldo, Waldemir Francisco Vieira-Junior, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
BACKGROUND: In daily clinical practice, esthetics of anterior teeth is a common presenting complaint of patients. OBJECTIVE: This case report discusses the management of asymmetric smile associated with unsatisfactory extensive composite restorations and describes a clinical protocol using the direct composite resin for smile enhancement to restore the dental harmony of anterior teeth. METHODS: The treatment planning was based on a diagnostic wax-up and cosmetic mock-up...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#16
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642511/the-mental-capacity-act-2005-considerations-for-obtaining-consent-for-dental-treatment
#17
O Modgill, C Bryant, S Moosajee
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 provides a legal framework within which specific decisions must be made when an individual lacks the mental capacity to make such decisions for themselves. With an increasingly aged, medically complex and in some cases socially isolated population presenting for dental care, dentists need to have a sound understanding of the appropriate management of patients who lack capacity to consent to treatment when they present in the dental setting. Patients with acute symptoms requiring urgent care and un-befriended patients present additional complexities...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629602/management-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-by-practitioners-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#18
Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Cyril Meyerowitz, Mark S Litaker, Marc W Heft, Nirmala Tasgaonkar, Marianne R Day, Andretta Porter-Williams, Valeria V Gordan, Robin L Yardic, Timothy M Lawhorn, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a condition commonly encountered in clinical dental practice. The authors conduct a study to identify the treatments recommended to manage DH among dentists in the United States. METHODS: The authors conducted a multicenter study of 1,862 patients with DH who received a diagnosis and were treated by 171 dentists with the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. RESULTS: The most common treatment recommended was desensitizing over-the-counter (OTC) potassium nitrate toothpaste (alone or in combination with other treatments) for 924 of 1,862 patients (50%)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610738/blood-pressure-and-blood-sugar-assessment-by-recent-dental-school-graduates
#19
Michael N Hatton, Heather Orom, Patrick L Anders
OBJECTIVE: Recent dental school graduates' willingness to assess blood pressure and blood sugar in practice is positively influenced by having a workplace policy fostering these assessments. Negative influences toward these assessments include practice culture issues and time management concerns. The aim of this study was to determine whether 2010-2014 graduates of the School of Dental Medicine at Buffalo, NY (UB-SDM) continue to assess blood pressure and capillary blood sugar after graduation...
July 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#20
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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