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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450968/knowledge-about-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-survey-of-lithuanian-dentists
#1
Vaida Zaleckienė, Vytautė Pečiulienė, Vilma Brukienė, Audronė Jakaitienė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Linas Zaleckas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Lithuania, dental trauma cases are also treated by general dentists but it is unknown whether their age, self-evaluation of trauma knowledge and practice location can predict their actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these factors can be used to predict the actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. METHODS: A two-part questionnaire included 17 multiple-choice questions about practitioners' demographics, their self-evaluated knowledge, and how frequently they treated traumatized permanent teeth as well as 13 clinical scenarios reflecting a variety of clinical trauma cases and their complications...
February 16, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449651/beyond-streptococcus-mutans-clinical-implications-of-the-evolving-dental-caries-aetiological-paradigms-and-its-associated-microbiome
#2
N Philip, B Suneja, L Walsh
Aetiological concepts of dental caries have evolved over the years from being considered as a disease initiated by nonspecific microorganisms, to being regarded as an 'infectious' disease caused by specific bacteria, to the current paradigms that emphasise a 'mixed bacterial-ecological approach' as being responsible for lesion initiation and pathogenesis. These aetiological paradigms are not just intellectual concepts but have important implications on how clinicians manage this age-old disease in the twenty-first century...
February 16, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446005/assessing-oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-students
#3
Gaye Keser, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
The aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among undergraduate dental students in Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry. A validated questionnaire which tested oral cancer awareness was given to third- and fifth-year students of the dental faculty of Marmara University. A total of 198 students participated in this survey. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentistry student's attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431599/lithuanian-dentists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practices-regarding-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#4
Laurynas Jokubauskas, Gaivilė Pileičikienė, Gediminas Žekonis, Aušra Baltrušaitytė
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes toward, and aspects of clinical practice regarding obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among Lithuanian dentists. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from December 2016 to March 2017. A survey instrument was designed and pilot tested prior to full-scale administration. Self-administered questionnaires, including a cover letter, were distributed to 550 dentists during continuing dental education programs...
February 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430090/evaluation-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-biosynthesized-silver-nanoparticles-derived-from-fungi-against-endo-perio-pathogens-porphyromonas-gingivalis-bacillus-pumilus-and-enterococcus-faecalis
#5
Kiran Rahul Halkai, Jayashree A Mudda, Vasundhara Shivanna, Vandana Rathod, Rahul S Halkai
Background: Even after rapid progress in contemporary dental practice, we encounter the failures due to endodontic, periodontal, or combined lesions. Complex anatomy of tooth and resistant microbes demands the development of new treatment strategies. Aim: The aim of this study is to biosynthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using fungi and determine the antibacterial efficacy against Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacillus pumilus, and Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods: Fungi isolated from healthy leaves of Withania somnifera were used to biosynthesize AgNPs...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424934/effect-of-individual-structured-and-qualified-feedback-on-improving-clinical-performance-of-dental-students-in-clinical-courses-randomised-controlled-study
#6
I M Schüler, R Heinrich-Weltzien, M Eiselt
AIM: Analysis of the effect of individual structured and qualified feedback (FB) on practical skills development of dental students during clinical courses. METHODS: Fifty-three final-year dental students at Jena University Hospital participated in this prospective randomised controlled interventional study. Two calibrated assessors evaluated 128 pre- and post-assessments of 4 different dental treatment steps performed by dental students during the integrated clinical course in restorative dentistry and prosthodontics and the clinical course paediatric dentistry...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422742/impact-of-yoga-on-periodontal-disease-and-stress-management
#7
Archika Sudhanshu, Urvi Sharma, H S Vadiraja, Rakesh Kumar Rana, Richa Singhal
Background: Yoga is considered to be one of the most important, effective, and valuable tools available for man to overcome various physical and psychological problems. Stress contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases; hence, it becomes important to reduce the level of stress for prevention and management of diseases. Aims and Objectives: The present study was aimed: (1) To understand and analyze the possibilities of employing yogic practices in the treatment of periodontal disease along with conventional dental therapy, (2) to understand the effect of stress on periodontal treatment outcome, (3) to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in the management of periodontal disease with reference to stress...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419326/horse-husbandry-and-preventive-health-practices-in-australia-an-online-survey-of-horse-guardians
#8
Kirrilly R Thompson, Larissa Clarkson, Christopher B Riley, Mariette van den Berg
Little is known about the horse health management practices of Australian horse caregivers (owners). This article presents findings from a convenience sample of 505 horse owners who participated in an online survey. No large-scale welfare issues were identified, but there were some areas of potential concern, including owners who did not regularly deworm their horses (4%), a lack of strategic parasite control (3.1%), and a lack of regular dental care (11%). Several participants did not have their horse's hooves regularly shod or trimmed (2%), and 14% had an unqualified person maintain their horse's hooves...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407495/identification-and-appraisal-of-outcome-measures-used-to-evaluate-hypodontia-care-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Sophy Barber, Hilary L Bekker, David Meads, Sue Pavitt, Balvinder Khambay
INTRODUCTION: Identification and appraisal of the outcome measures that have been used to evaluate hypodontia treatment and deliver services are essential for improving care. A lack of alignment between outcomes and patient values can limit the scope for patient-centered care. Our objectives were to identify and appraise the outcomes selected to evaluate hypodontia care. METHODS: Data sources included 10 electronic databases and grey literature, searched using terms for hypodontia and its treatment methods...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405654/practicing-what-we-preach-a-pilot-study-on-oral-health-practices-of-dentists-in-massachusetts
#10
Romesh P Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentists are perceived as leaders and role models of good oral health, but do dentists practice what they preach? The current study was a pilot evaluation dentists of the oral health and oral health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: The Massachusetts Dental Society sent emails to 3957 member dentists for whom an email contact was available. One reminder was sent 3 months later, and there was no incentive offered. Institutional review board approval was acquired prior to administering the survey through the Harvard Medical School Committee on Human Studies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403232/evaluation-of-knowledge-awareness-and-occurrence-of-dental-injuries-in-participant-children-during-sports-in-new-delhi-a-pilot-study
#11
Mridula Goswami, Puneet Kumar, Urvashi Bhushan
Aim: To evaluate the occurrence of dental injuries in children, the level of knowledge of the participants about preventive measures, and management of dental trauma during sports, in New Delhi. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 450 children aged 6 to 16 years. A structured interviewer-guided questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of oral injuries sustained during sport activities, the use of mouthguard as well as the athlete's awareness regarding use of mouthguard...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398270/composition-production-rate-and-characterization-of-greek-dental-solid-waste
#12
Alexandros Mandalidis, Antonios Topalidis, Evangelos A Voudrias, Nikolaos Iosifidis
The overall objective of this work is to determine the composition, characterization and production rate of Greek dental solid waste (DSW). This information is important to design and cost management systems for DSW, for safety and health considerations and for assessing environmental impact. A total of 141 kg of DSW produced by a total of 2542 patients in 20 dental practices from Xanthi, Greece was collected, manually separated and weighed over a period of four working weeks. The waste was separated in 19 sub fractions, which were classified in 2 major categories, according to Greek regulations: Domestic-type waste comprising 8% and hazardous waste comprising 92% by weight of total DSW...
February 1, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394921/barriers-to-sealant-guideline-implementation-within-a-multi-site-managed-care-dental-practice
#13
Deborah E Polk, Robert J Weyant, Nilesh H Shah, Jeffrey L Fellows, Daniel J Pihlstrom, Julie Frantsve-Hawley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify barriers frequently endorsed by dentists in a large, multi-site dental practice to implementing the American Dental Association's recommendation for sealing noncavitated occlusal carious lesions as established in their 2016 pit-and-fissure sealant clinical practice guideline. Although previous research has identified barriers to using sealants perceived by dentists in private practice, barriers frequently endorsed by dentists in large, multi-site dental practices have yet to be identified...
February 2, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385684/managing-early-childhood-caries-for-young-children-in-china
#14
REVIEW
Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
The latest national survey found that 70% of 5-year-old children in China had dental caries. The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) may not only be attributed to poor oral hygiene and unhealthy diet, but also to limited access to and availability of dental care. The prevailing preventive measures adopted by industrialised countries for ECC management are neither practical nor affordable in China. Hence, an alternative approach to ECC management is necessary. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) has been advocated because the simple and short operative time renders ART affordable...
January 30, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355409/changes-in-caries-risk-in-a-practice-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
P Rechmann, B W Chaffee, B M T Rechmann, J D B Featherstone
To demonstrate that Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) can be successfully implemented in dental practice, 30 dentists were recruited to perform a 2-y CAMBRA trial. Twenty-one dentists (18 private practices, 3 community clinics) participated in a randomized, controlled, parallel-arm, double-blind clinical trial with individual-level assignment of 460 participants to standard of care (control) versus active CAMBRA treatment (intervention). Control or active antimicrobial and remineralizing agents were dispensed at baseline and 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-mo recall visits according to risk level and assigned treatment arm...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#16
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#17
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320883/the-prevalence-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Órla Gilheaney, Sibylle Béchet, Patrick Kerr, Ciaran Kenny, Shauna Smith, Rita Kouider, Rachel Kidd, Margaret Walshe
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most commonly experienced non-dental orofacial pain disorders, with pain and dysfunction potentially resulting in oral stage dysphagia (OD). However, limited research has been conducted on this condition, with potential negative effects on clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OD in adults presenting with TMDs, diagnosed as per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders or the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocols...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#19
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303759/cardiovascular-considerations-for-the-dental-practitioner-2-management-of-cardiac-emergencies
#20
Kenneth Kufta, Mana Saraghi, Helen Giannakopoulos
Medical emergencies are not uncommon in dental practices. Syncope has commonly been found to account for the majority of these emergencies in a dental setting, but some studies have reported cardiovascular events as the most common type of emergency. It is critical that every dentist be prepared with the knowledge and equipment necessary to respond in emergency situations. This article aims to provide dentists with essential knowledge about management of cardiovascular emergencies.
January 2018: General Dentistry
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