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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340143/protecting-pain-patients-the-evaluation-of-a-chronic-pain-educational-intervention
#2
Simon Holliday, Chris Hayes, Adrian Dunlop, Simon Morgan, Amanda Tapley, Kim Henderson, Briony Larance, Parker Magin
Introduction. : Advocacy and commercially funded education successfully reduced barriers to the provision of long-term opioid analgesia. The subsequent escalation of opioid prescribing for chronic noncancer pain has seen increasing harms without improved pain outcomes. Methods. : This was a one-group pretest-posttest design study. A multidisciplinary team developed a chronic pain educational package for general practitioner trainees emphasizing limitations, risk-mitigation, and deprescribing of opioids with transition to active self-care...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339656/development-of-a-real-time-wave-field-reconstruction-tem-system-i-incorporation-of-an-auto-focus-tracking-system
#3
Takahiro Tamura, Yoshihide Kimura, Yoshizo Takai
We have developed a real-time wave field reconstruction transmission electron microscope system that enables auto focus tracking at a video rate. In the developed system, a high-speed image calculation technique using a graphical processing unit was incorporated along with two techniques facilitating high-speed focus control using high-voltage modulation and weighted image integration using exposure time control. By utilizing these techniques, the sample drift induced in the Z-axis direction can be measured and automatically corrected for every 1/30 of a second...
February 18, 2017: Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334023/preferences-for-the-provision-of-whole-genome-sequencing-services-among-young-adults
#4
Christopher H Wade, Kailyn R Elliott
OBJECTIVES: As whole genome sequencing (WGS) becomes increasingly available, clinicians will be faced with conveying complex information to individuals at different stages in life. The purpose of this study is to characterize the views of young adults toward obtaining WGS, learning different types of genomic information, and having choice about which results are disclosed. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study was conducted with a diverse group of 18 and 19-years-olds (N = 145)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333706/video-based-physiologic-monitoring-during-an-acute-hypoxic-challenge-heart-rate-respiratory-rate-and-oxygen-saturation
#5
Paul S Addison, Dominique Jacquel, David M H Foo, André Antunes, Ulf R Borg
BACKGROUND: The physiologic information contained in the video photoplethysmogram is well documented. However, extracting this information during challenging conditions requires new analysis techniques to capture and process the video image streams to extract clinically useful physiologic parameters. We hypothesized that heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation trending can be evaluated accurately from video information during acute hypoxia. METHOD: Video footage was acquired from multiple desaturation episodes during a porcine model of acute hypoxia using a standard visible light camera...
March 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333123/objective-video-quality-assessment-based-on-machine-learning-for-underwater-scientific-applications
#6
José-Miguel Moreno-Roldán, Miguel-Ángel Luque-Nieto, Javier Poncela, Pablo Otero
Video services are meant to be a fundamental tool in the development of oceanic research. The current technology for underwater networks (UWNs) imposes strong constraints in the transmission capacity since only a severely limited bitrate is available. However, previous studies have shown that the quality of experience (QoE) is enough for ocean scientists to consider the service useful, although the perceived quality can change significantly for small ranges of variation of video parameters. In this context, objective video quality assessment (VQA) methods become essential in network planning and real time quality adaptation fields...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332689/aggregation-kinetics-of-carbonyl-iron-based-magnetic-suspensions-in-2d
#7
Keshvad Shahrivar, Elizabeth Carreón-González, Jose R Morillas, Juan de Vicente
We investigate the (irreversible) two-dimensional aggregation kinetics of dilute non-Brownian magnetic suspensions in rectangular microchannels using video-microscopy, image analysis and particle-level dynamics simulations. Special emphasis is given to carbonyl iron suspensions that are of interest in the formulation of magnetorheological fluids. The results are compared to non-Brownian suspensions of magnetic latexes. We demonstrate that both suspensions follow a deterministic aggregation process. Furthermore, experimental and simulation aggregation curves can be collapsed onto a master curve when using the appropriate scaling time (∝λ(-1)ϕ2D(-2...
March 23, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#8
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329852/overcoming-elderspeak-a-qualitative-study-of-three-alternatives
#9
Anna I Corwin
Purpose: This study identifies genres of communication that avoid the features of elderspeak and successfully engage cognitively or physically affected older adults in rich communicative interaction. Design and Methods: The study examined 100 hr of audio- and video-recorded interaction between older Catholic nuns and their caregivers. The data were collected as part of a 7-year study on the linguistic and communicative factors that contribute to successful aging in a Catholic convent infirmary...
March 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329799/a-theory-of-relational-ageism-a-discourse-analysis-of-the-2015-white-house-conference-on-aging
#10
Tracey L Gendron, Jennifer Inker, Elizabeth Ayn Welleford
Purpose: The widespread use of ageist language is generally accepted as commonplace and routine in most cultures and settings. In order to disrupt ageism, we must examine the use of ageist language and sentiments among those on the front line of providing advocacy, services, and policy for older adults; the professional culture of the aging services network. The recorded video segments from the sixth White House Conference on Aging (WHCOA) provided a unique opportunity to examine discourse used by professionals and appointed representatives in the field of aging within a professional sociocultural context...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329465/youtube-as-a-source-of-health-information-analysis-of-sun-protection-and-skin-cancer-prevention-related-issues
#11
Linda Ruppert, Brian Køster, Anna Maria Siegert, Christian Cop, Lindsay Boyers, Chante Karimkhani, Helena Winston, Jessica Mounessa, Robert P Dellavalle, Daphne Reinau, Thomas Diepgen, Christian Surber
Although social media ubiquitously supplementstraditional information sources such as newspapers,magazines, radio, and television, investigation of onlinehealth information related to sun protection and skincancer prevention has been scarce and largely limitedto English language sources. Using the search terms"sun protection," "sunscreen," "skin cancer prevention,"tanning bed" and "vitamin D," we investigated 281YouTube videos presented in 6 languages: English,German, French, Spanish, Swedish, and Danish. Foreach video, we used a four-sectioned checklist toassess general information, popularity, expert drivenmeasures, and heuristic driven measures...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329201/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-does-not-offer-any-functional-recovery-advantage-in-comparison-to-the-open-approach-3-months-after-the-operation-a-case-matched-analysis%C3%A2
#12
Michele Salati, Alessandro Brunelli, Francesco Xiumè, Marco Monteverde, Armando Sabbatini, Michela Tiberi, Cecilia Pompili, Roberto Palloni, Majed Refai
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to compare functional loss [forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity ratio (FEV1), DLCO and VO2max reduction] after VATS versus open lobectomies. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study on 195 patients who had a pulmonary lobectomy from June 2010 to November 2014 and who were able to complete a 3-months functional evaluation follow-up program. Since the VATS technique was our first choice for performing lobectomies from January 2012, we divided the patients into two groups: the OPEN group (112 patients) and the VATS group (83 patients)...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329118/comparison-of-surgical-approach-and-extent-of-resection-for-masaoka-koga-stage-i-and-ii-thymic-tumours-in-europe-north-america-and-asia-an-international-thymic-malignancy-interest-group-retrospective-database-analysis%C3%A2
#13
Wentao Fang, Xiaopan Yao, Alberto Antonicelli, Zhitao Gu, Frank Detterbeck, Eric Vallières, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, James Huang, Yue Shang, Brian E Louie
OBJECTIVES: Surgeons at different institutions worldwide choose different types of operations for thymic tumours. It is not known whether these differences affect the outcomes of the patients. METHODS: A total of 1430 patients with Masaoka-Koga pathological Stage I-II thymic tumours without myasthenia gravis or pre-treatment were identified from the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group retrospective database. Outcomes of patients from 3 major continents (Europe, North America and Asia) were compared...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327153/validation-and-reliability-of-the-malaysian-english-version-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-questionnaire-for-adolescents
#14
Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof, Mohd Zambri Mohamed Makhbul, Siti Safuraa Zahirah Shahidan, Siti Farhana Mohd Ali, Rashidah Burhanudin, Maria Jirom Gere
BACKGROUND: The Malay version of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire has been validated for use by Malaysian adolescents. Although Malay is their national language, English is widely used as the lingua franca among Malaysians of different ethnicities. This study aimed to validate an English version of the PIDAQ adapted for use by Malaysian adolescents to optimize data capture from adolescents who prefer English as the medium for communication. METHODS: The published English version of PIDAQ was pilot tested on 12- to 17-year-old adolescents, resulting in a few modifications to suit the Malaysian variety of English...
March 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327124/exploring-the-influence-of-cultural-orientations-on-assessment-of-communication-behaviours-during-patient-practitioner-interactions
#15
Kyle J Wilby, Marjan J B Govaerts, Zubin Austin, Diana H J M Dolmans
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that patients' and practitioners' cultural orientations affect communication behaviors and interpretations in cross-cultural patient-practitioner interactions. Little is known about the effect of cultural orientations on assessment of communication behaviors in cross-cultural educational settings. The purpose of this study is to explore cultural orientation as a potential source of assessor idiosyncrasy or between-assessor variability in assessment of communication skills...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325980/baby-killers-documentation-and-evolution-of-scuttle-fly-diptera-phoridae-parasitism-of-ant-hymenoptera-formicidae-brood
#16
Brian V Brown, John M Hash, Emily A Hartop, Wendy Porras, Dalton de Souza Amorim
BACKGROUND: Numerous well-documented associations occur among species of scuttle flies (Diptera: Phoridae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), but examples of brood parasitism are rare and the mechanisms of parasitism often remain unsubstantiated. NEW INFORMATION: We present two video-documented examples of ant brood (larvae and pupae) parasitism by scuttle flies. In footage from Estação Biológica de Boracéia in Brazil, adult females of Ceratoconus setipennis Borgmeier can be seen attacking workers of Linepithema humile (Mayr) species group while they are carrying brood, and ovipositing directly onto brood in the nest...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325351/flexible-fiber-optic-high-speed-imaging-of-vocal-fold-vibration-a-preliminary-report
#17
Peak Woo, Peter Baxter
OBJECTIVE: High-speed video (HSV) imaging of vocal fold vibration has been possible only through the rigid endoscope. This study reports that a fiberscope-based high-speed imaging system may allow HSV imaging of naturalistic voicing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were recorded using a commercially available black and white high-speed camera (Photron Motion Tools, 256 × 120 pixel, 2000 frames per second, 8 second acquisition time). The camera gain is set to +6 db...
March 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323114/physician-activity-during-outpatient-visits-and-subjective-workload
#18
Alan Calvitti, Harry Hochheiser, Shazia Ashfaq, Kristin Bell, Yunan Chen, Robert El Kareh, Mark T Gabuzda, Lin Liu, Sara Mortensen, Braj Pandey, Steven Rick, Richard L Street, Nadir Weibel, Charlene Weir, Zia Agha
We describe methods for capturing and analyzing EHR use and clinical workflow of physicians during outpatient encounters and relating activity to physicians' self-reported workload. We collected temporally-resolved activity data including audio, video, EHR activity, and eye-gaze along with post-visit assessments of workload. These data are then analyzed through a combination of manual content analysis and computational techniques to temporally align streams, providing a range of process measures of EHR usage, clinical workflow, and physician-patient communication...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322859/decoding-the-encoding-of-functional-brain-networks-an-fmri-classification-comparison-of-non-negative-matrix-factorization-nmf-independent-component-analysis-ica-and-sparse-coding-algorithms
#19
Jianwen Xie, Pamela K Douglas, Ying Nian Wu, Arthur L Brody, Ariana E Anderson
BACKGROUND: Brain networks in fMRI are typically identified using spatial independent component analysis (ICA), yet other mathematical constraints provide alternate biologically-plausible frameworks for generating brain networks. Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) would suppress negative BOLD signal by enforcing positivity. Spatial sparse coding algorithms (L1 Regularized Learning and K-SVD) would impose local specialization and a discouragement of multitasking, where the total observed activity in a single voxel originates from a restricted number of possible brain networks...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322774/development-and-reliability-of-the-new-endoscopic-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-the-picasso-score-paddington-international-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-in-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Marietta Iacucci, Marco Daperno, Mark Lazarev, Razvan Arsenascu, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Oluseyi Akinola, Xianyong Sean Gui, Vincenzo Villanacci, Martin Goetz, Mark Lowerison, Brendan Cord Lethebe, Maurizio Vecchi, Helmut Neumann, Subrata Ghosh, Raf Bisschops, Ralf Kiesslich
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic inflammation and healing are important therapeutic endpoints in ulcerative colitis (UC). We developed and validated a new electronic virtual chromoendoscopy (EVC) score that could reflect the full spectrum of mucosal and vascular changes including mucosal healing in UC. METHODS: Eight participants reviewed a 60-minute training module outlining the three different i-SCAN modes demonstrating the entire spectrum of inflammatory mucosal and vascular changes in UC...
March 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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