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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910723/powered-mobility-intervention-understanding-the-position-of-tool-use-learning-as-part-of-implementing-the-alp-tool
#1
Lisbeth Nilsson, Josephine Durkin
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge necessary for adoption and implementation of the Assessment of Learning Powered mobility use (ALP) tool in different practice settings for both adults and children. To consult with a diverse population of professionals working with adults and children, in different countries and various settings; who were learning about or using the ALP tool, as part of exploring and implementing research findings. METHOD: Classical grounded theory with a rigorous comparative analysis of data from informants together with reflections on our own rich experiences of powered mobility practice and comparisons with the literature...
December 2, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910267/the-impact-of-patient-characteristics-on-nurse-practitioners-assessment-and-management-of-adolescent-concussion
#2
Janessa M Graves, Tracy A Klein
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of patient sex and type of activity on concussion assessment and management recommendations. METHODS: We administered a web-based survey to all nurse practitioners (NPs) actively licensed in Washington and Oregon. Participants were randomized to view one of four standardized patient scenario videos of an adolescent seeking care for a concussion, portraying the same symptomology but differing by sex and activity (soccer/hiking)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909413/sex-effects-on-smoking-cue-perception-in-non-smokers-smokers-and-ex-smokers-a-pilot-study
#3
Davide Zanchi, Arthur Brody, Stefan Borgwardt, Sven Haller
INTRODUCTION: Recent neuroimaging research suggests sex-related brain differences in smoking addiction. In the present pilot study, we assessed gender-related differences in brain activation in response to cigarette-related video cues, investigating non-smokers, smokers, and ex-smokers. METHODS: First, we compared 29 females (28.6 ± 5.3) vs. 23 males (31.5 ± 6.4), regardless of current smoking status to assess global gender-related effects. Second, we performed a post hoc analysis of non-smokers (9 females and 8 males), smokers (10 females and 8 males), and ex-smokers (10 females and 7 males)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909208/evaluation-of-a-national-telemedicine-initiative-in-the-veterans-health-administration-factors-associated-with-successful-implementation
#4
Lauren Stevenson, Sherry Ball, Leah M Haverhals, David C Aron, Julie Lowery
BACKGROUND: The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research was used to evaluate implementation facilitators and barriers of Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) within the Veterans Health Administration. SCAN-ECHO is a video teleconferencing-based programme where specialist teams train and mentor remotely-located primary care providers in providing routine speciality care for common chronic illnesses. The goal of SCAN-ECHO was to improve access to speciality care for Veterans...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908843/treatment-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-by-telemedically-supported-paramedics-compared-with-physician-based-treatment-a-prospective-interventional-multicenter-trial
#5
Jörg C Brokmann, Clemens Conrad, Rolf Rossaint, Sebastian Bergrath, Stefan K Beckers, Miriam Tamm, Michael Czaplik, Frederik Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Prehospital treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in German emergency medical services (EMSs) is reserved for EMS physicians due to legal issues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective, interventional, multicenter trial was to evaluate the quality of telemedically-delegated therapy and the possible complications in patients with ACS. METHODS: After approval by the ethics committee and trial registration, a one-year study phase was started in August 2012 with 5 ambulances, telemedically equipped and staffed with paramedics, in 4 German EMS districts...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907850/automated-annotation-and-quantitative-description-of-ultrasound-videos-of-the-fetal-heart
#6
Christopher P Bridge, Christos Ioannou, J Alison Noble
Interpretation of ultrasound videos of the fetal heart is crucial for the antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). We believe that automated image analysis techniques could make an important contribution towards improving CHD detection rates. However, to our knowledge, no previous work has been done in this area. With this goal in mind, this paper presents a framework for tracking the key variables that describe the content of each frame of freehand 2D ultrasound scanning videos of the healthy fetal heart...
November 19, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907244/analyzing-the-dynamics-and-morphology-of-cast-off-pattern-at-different-speed-levels-using-high-speed-digital-video-imaging
#7
Sebastian Niko Kunz, Jiri Adamec, Christina Grove
During a bloodstain pattern analysis, one of the essential tasks is to distinguish between different kinds of applied forces as well as to estimate their level of intensity. In this study, high-speed digital imaging has been used to analyze the formation of cast-off patterns generated by a simulated backswing with a blood-bearing object. For this purpose, 0.5 mL blood was applied evenly over the last 5 cm of a blade simulant. Bloodstains were created through the controlled acceleration of a backswing at different speed levels between 1...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906019/patterns-of-motor-activity-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-compared-to-wistar-kyoto-rats
#8
Ole Bernt Fasmer, Espen Borgå Johansen
BACKGROUND: Increased motor activity is a defining characteristic of patients with ADHD, and spontaneously hypertensive rats have been suggested to be an animal model of this disorder. In the present study, we wanted to use linear and non-linear methods to explore differences in motor activity patterns in SHR/NCrl rats compared to Wistar Kyoto (WKY/NHsd) rats. METHODS: A total number of 42 rats (23 SHR/NCrl and 19 WKY/NHsd, male and female) were tested. At PND 51, the animals' movements were video-recorded during an operant test procedure that lasted 90 min...
December 1, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#9
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904638/virtual-reality-and-anxiety-in-primiparous-women-during-episiotomy-repair
#10
Nahid Jahani Shourab, Samira Ebrahimzadeh Zagami, Nahid Golmakhani, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Ali Nahvi, Ferial Pabarja, Mahdi Talebi, Sohaiela Mohamadi Rizi
BACKGROUND: In recent studies, using virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a nonpharmacological method for anxiety reduction, but until this time, its effects have not been assessed on anxiety during episiotomy repair. This study aimed to determine the effect of audiovisual distraction (VR) on anxiety in primiparous women during episiotomy repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 primigravida from May to July 2012 in the maternity unit of the Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad city, Iran...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903757/beyond-hand-hygiene-a-qualitative-study-of-the-everyday-work-of-preventing-cross-contamination-on-hospital-wards
#11
Su-Yin Hor, Claire Hooker, Rick Iedema, Mary Wyer, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, Christine Jorm, Matthew Vincent Neil O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections are the most common adverse event for inpatients worldwide. Efforts to prevent microbial cross-contamination currently focus on hand hygiene and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), with variable success. Better understanding is needed of infection prevention and control (IPC) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We report on an interventionist video-reflexive ethnography study that explored how healthcare workers performed IPC in three wards in two hospitals in New South Wales, Australia: an intensive care unit and two general surgical wards...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903121/craniopharyngioma-adherence-a-comprehensive-topographical-categorization-and-outcome-related-risk-stratification-model-based-on-the-methodical-examination-of-500-tumors
#12
Ruth Prieto, José María Pascual, Maria Rosdolsky, Inés Castro-Dufourny, Rodrigo Carrasco, Sewan Strauss, Laura Barrios
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngioma (CP) adherence strongly influences the potential for achieving a radical and safe surgical treatment. However, this factor remains poorly addressed in the scientific literature. This study provides a rational, comprehensive description of CP adherence that can be used for the prediction of surgical risks associated with the removal of these challenging lesions. METHODS This study retrospectively analyzes the evidence provided in pathological, neuroradiological, and surgical CP reports concerning 3 components of the CP attachment: 1) the intracranial structures attached to the tumor; 2) the morphology of the adhesion; and 3) the adhesion strength...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901311/video-gaming-as-practical-accomplishment-ethnomethodology-conversation-analysis-and-play
#13
Stuart Reeves, Christian Greiffenhagen, Eric Laurier
Accounts of video game play developed from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic (EMCA) perspective remain relatively scarce. This study collects together an emerging, if scattered, body of research which focuses on the material, practical "work" of video game players. The study offers an example-driven explication of an EMCA perspective on video game play phenomena. The materials are arranged as a "tactical zoom." We start very much "outside" the game, beginning with a wide view of how massive-multiplayer online games are played within dedicated gaming spaces; here, we find multiple players, machines, and many different sorts of activities going on (besides playing the game)...
November 30, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900189/novel-coaching-cricket-bat-can-it-be-used-to-enhance-the-backlift-and-performance-of-junior-cricket-batsmen
#14
M Habib Noorbhai, Russell C Woolmer, Timothy D Noakes
BACKGROUND: In the current literature, it is questionable whether cricket bats in their current form and dimensions allow a young cricketer to hit the ball effectively. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a novel coaching cricket bat among junior cricket batsmen with regard to enhancing performance and the direction of the backlift. METHODS: A cross-sectional research study with analytical research methods was employed, in which 2 groups (coached: n=12 and uncoached: n=35) of participants (ages 9-13) took part in a pilot and intervention study...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900149/video-analysis-of-concussion-injury-mechanism-in-under-18-rugby
#15
Sharief Hendricks, Sam O'Connor, Michael Lambert, James C Brown, Nicholas Burger, Sarah Mc Fie, Clint Readhead, Wayne Viljoen
BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanism of injury is necessary for the development of effective injury prevention strategies. Video analysis of injuries provides valuable information on the playing situation and athlete-movement patterns, which can be used to formulate these strategies. Therefore, we conducted a video analysis of the mechanism of concussion injury in junior-level rugby union and compared it with a representative and matched non-injury sample. METHODS: Injury reports for 18 concussion events were collected from the 2011 to 2013 under-18 Craven Week tournaments...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899745/exploring-provider-reactions-to-decision-aid-distribution-and-shared-decision-making-lessons-from-two-specialties
#16
Clarissa Hsu, David T Liss, Dominick L Frosch, Emily O Westbrook, David Arterburn
BACKGROUND: A critical component of shared decision making (SDM) is the role played by health care providers in distributing decision aids (DAs) and initiating SDM conversations. Existing literature indicates that decisions about designing and implementing DAs must take provider perspectives into account. However, little is known about how differences in provider attitudes across specialties may impact DA implementation and how provider attitudes may shift after DA implementation. Group Health's Decision Aid Implementation project was carried out in six specialties using 12 video-based DAs for preference-sensitive conditions; this study focused on two of the six specialties...
January 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898385/measuring-the-consumption-of-individual-solid-and-liquid-bites-using-a-table-embedded-scale-during-unrestricted-eating
#17
Ryan S Mattfeld, Eric R Muth, Adam Hoover
The universal eating monitor (UEM) is a table-embedded scale used to measure grams consumed over time while a person eats. It has been used in laboratory settings to test the effects of anorectic drugs and behavior manipulations such as slowing eating, and to study relationships between demographics and body weight. However, its use requires restricted conditions on the foods consumed and behaviors allowed during eating in order to simplify analysis of the scale data. Individual bites can only be measured when the only interaction with the scale is to carefully remove a single bite of food, consume it fully, and wait a minimum amount of time before the next bite...
November 24, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898200/transcranial-sonography-in-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-multiple-system-atrophy
#18
Xudong Li, Shuang Xue, Shuhong Jia, Zhi Zhou, Yanan Qiao, Chunlei Hou, Kun Wei, Wenjing Zheng, Pei Rong, Jinsong Jiao
AIMS: We investigated preclinical abnormalities revealed by transcranial sonography (TCS) in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) compared with those revealed in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) or Parkinson's disease (PD) and in normal controls. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with iRBD, 21 patients with MSA, 22 patients with PD and 21 normal controls were included in this study. All participants underwent one night of video-polysomnography (PSG) monitoring, and the sleep parameters were analyzed using Polysmith software and by visual analysis...
November 29, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898003/human-pose-estimation-from-monocular-images-a-comprehensive-survey
#19
Wenjuan Gong, Xuena Zhang, Jordi Gonzàlez, Andrews Sobral, Thierry Bouwmans, Changhe Tu, El-Hadi Zahzah
Human pose estimation refers to the estimation of the location of body parts and how they are connected in an image. Human pose estimation from monocular images has wide applications (e.g., image indexing). Several surveys on human pose estimation can be found in the literature, but they focus on a certain category; for example, model-based approaches or human motion analysis, etc. As far as we know, an overall review of this problem domain has yet to be provided. Furthermore, recent advancements based on deep learning have brought novel algorithms for this problem...
November 25, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895883/alexithymia-but-not-autism-spectrum-disorder-may-be-related-to-the-production-of-emotional-facial-expressions
#20
Dominic A Trevisan, Marleis Bowering, Elina Birmingham
BACKGROUND: A prominent diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relates to the abnormal or diminished use of facial expressions. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this feature of ASD. METHODS: We showed children with and without ASD emotionally charged video clips in order to parse out individual differences in spontaneous production of facial expressions using automated facial expression analysis software. RESULTS: Using hierarchical multiple regression, we sought to determine whether alexithymia (characterized by difficulties interpreting one's own feeling states) contributes to diminished facial expression production...
2016: Molecular Autism
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