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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#1
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088944/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#2
Annu Babu, Amulya Rattan, Maneesh Singhal, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Aneurysm of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) is rare. Most reported cases are due to pancreatitis and atherosclerosis; however, those following pancreatic trauma have not been reported. We encoun- tered GDA aneurysm in a patient of blunt abdominal trauma, who had pancreatic contusion and retroduodenal air on contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen. Emergency laparotomy for suspected duodenal injury revealed duodenal wall and pancreatic head contusion, mild hemo- peritoneum and no evidence of duodenal perforation...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078172/gastric-rupture-in-pregnancy-case-series-from-a-tertiary-institution-in-rwanda-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
David Ntirushwa, Stephen Rulisa, Febronie Muhorakeye, Lisa Bazzett-Matabele, Theogene Rurangwa, Maria Small
Background Gastric rupture is a rare, life-threatening condition during pregnancy. Case study We present three cases of gastric perforation during pregnancy and the puerperium. The first patient presented with gastric perforation 4 days following an uncomplicated cesarean delivery for obstetric indications. She initially complained of epigastric pain; however, those symptoms resolved. She later demonstrated worsening abdominal distension, intra-abdominal free fluid, and signs of peritonitis. At laparotomy, an ascariasis-associated gastric rupture was diagnosed...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069882/linea-arcuate-hernia-disguised-as-pfannenstiel-incision-s-hernia-a-case-report-and-a-systemic-literature-review
#4
Veronica Vincelli, Cesare Marazzi, Alberto Posabella, Aurore Steiger
We report a rare case of a 46-year-old woman 2 weeks after a cesarean section with Pfannenstiel incision, who presented at the Emergency Department with a significant abdominal pain accompanied by two episodes of vomiting. After that a clinical examination and an abdominal computed tomography scan were completed, a visceral herniation through Pfannenstiel incision was suspected. The indication of surgical exploration was clear. Finally, the laparotomy revealed a linea arcuata hernia with a hernia of the small intestine...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062417/pulmonary-tuberculosis-presenting-as-post-operative-fever-of-unknown-origin
#5
Patrick Bogue, Mhairi Bolland, Peter How, Harrison Benziger
Post-operative fever is common following emergency surgery. Investigation and management of post-operative fever can be challenging when a clear source of sepsis is not evident or the underlying source of infection is not recognised. We herein report a case of secondary pulmonary tuberculosis presenting as post-operative fever following emergency laparotomy for a perforated duodenal ulcer. This case of tuberculosis was diagnosed on day 41 post-operatively and prior inconclusive results meant that we relied mainly on re-visiting history and examination in order to identify 3 targeted investigations: plain chest X-ray, sputum sample and blood test...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058000/vesicovaginal-fistula-presenting-as-a-large-abdominal-pseudocyst-a-rare-case
#6
Gaurav Vinod Kasat, Prakash W Pawar, Ajit S Sawant, Ashwin S Tamhankar
We present a rare case of indirect vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) in a patient with small capacity bladder. The fistula was between abdominal pseudocyst (APC) arising from bladder and vagina - and hence, an indirect VVF. A 35-year-old female had a history of emergency obstetric hysterectomy with iatrogenic bladder injury. Postoperatively, the patient developed VVF and large APC. Patient's micturating cystourethrogram was suggestive of small capacity bladder with bilateral Grade IV vesicoureteral reflux with a well-defined APC arising from superior surface of bladder to L4-L5 lumbar vertebrae...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055334/intestinal-malrotation-and-volvulus-in-neonates-laparoscopy-versus-open-laparotomy
#7
Luisa Ferrero, Yosra Ben Ahmed, Paul Philippe, Olivier Reinberg, Isabelle Lacreuse, Anne Schneider, Raphael Moog, Cindy Gomes-Ferreira, François Becmeur
BACKGROUND: Intestinal malrotations with midgut volvulus are surgical emergencies that can lead to life-threatening intestinal necrosis. This study evaluates the feasibility and the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of midgut volvulus compared with classic open Ladd's procedure in neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all neonates with diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus, who underwent surgery between January 1993 and January 2014, were reviewed...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052686/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-as-a-rare-cause-of-an-acute-abdomen
#8
M Davies, M Nanda Kumar, V Shetty, P Mitchell
A 52-year-old man presented with a purpuric rash affecting his legs and hypertension. He was diagnosed with Henoch-Schönlein purpura and discharged with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Three weeks later, he presented again with loss of appetite and vomiting before developing abdominal pain with pyrexia of 38.5°C and rigors. On examination, he was hypotensive with a distended abdomen and a national early warning score of 6. Computed tomography revealed enteropathy of Henoch-Schönlein purpura. The patient deteriorated and went for an emergency laparotomy, where 30cm of ischaemic small bowel was resected...
January 4, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049498/should-we-perform-a-fast-exam-in-haemodynamically-stable-patients-presenting-after-blunt-abdominal-injury-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
D Dammers, M El Moumni, I I Hoogland, N Veeger, E Ter Avest
BACKGROUND: Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is a bedside ultrasonography technique used to detect free intraperitoneal fluid in patients presenting with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in the emergency department. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study we investigated the potential of FAST as a risk stratification instrument in haemodynamically (HD) stable patients presenting after BAT by establishing the association between the FAST exam result and final outcome...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039247/using-predicted-30%C3%A2-day-mortality-to-plan-postoperative-colorectal-surgery-care-a-cohort-study
#10
M Swart, J B Carlisle, J Goddard
BACKGROUND: Preoperative identification of high-risk surgical patients might help to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality. Using a patient's predicted 30 day mortality to plan postoperative high-dependency unit (HDU) care after elective colorectal surgery might be associated with reduced postoperative morbidity. METHODS: The 30 day postoperative mortality was predicted for 504 elective colorectal surgical patients in a preoperative clinic. The prediction was used to determine postoperative surgical ward or HDU care...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027808/-splenic-rupture-secondary-to-abscess-rare-cause-of-pneumoperitoneum-case-report
#11
Jorge Enrique Barrón-Reyes, Julio César Chávez-Galván, Jesús Alejandro Martínez-Peralta, Julio César López-Valdés
BACKGROUND: Splenic abscesses are rare entities; reports are commonly described in immunocompromised patients (72%) as: hematologic diseases, diabetes, endocarditis, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, transplant patients and subjects who had abdominal trauma or splenic infarction. The main and most serious complication is the abscess rupture into the peritoneal cavity or adjacent organs (stomach or colon), which determines hemodynamic instability or septic state. CLINICAL CASE: Fifty-year-old man, who was admitted at Emergency Room due eight days' progressive, oppressive, and current pain; intensity 4/10, irradiated at hemi-back, which was higher intensity during the standing and decreased at supine position...
December 24, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012333/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-from-previously-undiagnosed-lobular-breast-carcinoma-first-in-australian-literature
#12
Adam Thomas Cristaudo, Katherine Jing Zhu
INTRODUCTION: This case report is the first in the Australian literature of a patient, without prior diagnosis, presenting with a bowel obstruction secondary to lobular breast cancer. This highlights a relatively rare cause of bowel obstruction, but also the importance of breast self-examination as a compliment to the current BreastScreen Australia program. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department with a 48-h history of sharp, constant epigastric pain, vomiting and constipation...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011967/reduced-wound-infection-in-colorectal-resection-by-using-a-wound-auto-retractor
#13
Juan J Arenal, Agustín Martínez, María V Maderuelo, Claudia Tinoco, César Benito, Miguel A Citores, José M Eiros
Surgical site infection (SSI) remains an important problem in colorectal surgery. The aim of this study is to determine whether the use of a wound protection system can be effective in reducing the incidence of wound infection after colorectal resection. Ninety-five consecutive patients underwent colorectal resection, carried out by one single surgeon during a six-year period (2009-2015). A laparotomy auto-retractor was used in all cases (Alexis Wound Retractor; Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA)...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003679/acute-bowel-injury-due-to-cryoablation-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-correlated-radiologic-and-pathologic-findings
#14
Hideo Gobara, Takao Hiraki, Toshihiro Iguchi, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Takeshi Nagasaka, Hiroyuki Kishimoto, Takehiro Tanaka, Susumu Kanazawa
An 87-year-old Japanese man underwent percutaneous cryoablation (PCA) therapy for his renal cell tumor. We displaced the colon from the tumor using hydrodissection. Computed tomography (CT) immediately after PCA was indicative of iceball extension to the colon wall, and a discontinuous enhancement of the colon wall was observed. We therefore performed an emergency surgery. On laparotomy, we observed a dark-purple area on the affected area of the colon, and the resected specimen showed focal, deep ulceration on the mucosal surface...
December 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003568/hemoperitoneum-due-to-breaking-uterine-adenosarcoma-located-in-the-omentum-report-of-a-case
#15
Pasquale Cianci, Nicola Tartaglia, Amedeo Altamura, Alberto Fersini, Francesca Sanguedolce, Antonio Ambrosi, Vincenzo Neri
AIM: We report an unusual case of broken adenosarcoma located in the omentum that has procured a clinical situation of acute abdomen in a patient. CASE REPORT: A 79 year-old woman went to the emergency room for growing abdominal pain and then transferred to our department. In previous years the patient had removed endo-cervical and endometrial fibro-glandular polyps and subsequently to a total laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy was performed for another endometrial fibroglandular polyp; other vaginal recurrences were then removed...
December 20, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002538/clinical-and-morphological-considerations-in-one-case-with-cervical-cancer-and-right-ureterohydronephrosis
#16
Cristina Georgiana Ghib Para, Mircea Florin Sferdian, Voicu Daşcău, Lucian Păiuşan, Ioan Ioiart
We present the case of a 34-year-old female with cervical cancer and right ureterohydronephrosis. She was admitted to the Urology Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital of Arad, Romania, on November 11, 2015, after previously being diagnosed with stage IIIA cervical cancer in December 2014 and undergoing radio and chemotherapy and laparotomy for staging. At the moment of hospital admission, the patient suffered from fever and right lumbar pain, she was also diagnosed with grade IV right ureterohydronephrosis...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001112/microwave-ablation-for-treatment-of-hepatic-neoplasia-in-five-dogs
#17
Toni Yang, J Brad Case, Sarah Boston, Michael J Dark, Beau Toskich
CASE DESCRIPTION 5 dogs between 9 and 11 years of age were evaluated for treatment of primary (n = 2) or metastatic (3) hepatic neoplasia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Patients were evaluated on an elective (n = 3) or emergency (2) basis. Two dogs with primary hepatic neoplasia were evaluated because of lethargy and inappetence. One dog was referred after an enlarged anal sac was detected via palpation per rectum during a routine physical examination. Two dogs were evaluated on an emergency basis because of lethargy and weakness, and hemoabdomen in the absence of a history of trauma was detected...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999703/a-rare-type-of-primary-internal-hernia-causing-small-intestinal-obstruction
#18
Sibabrata Kar, Vandana Mohapatra, Pratap Kumar Rath
Primary internal hernias are extremely rare in adults. They are an important cause of small intestinal obstruction and lead to high morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Clinical presentation of internal hernia is nonspecific. Imaging has been of limited utility in cases of acute intestinal obstruction; moreover, interpretation of imaging features is operator dependant. Thus, internal hernias are usually detected at laparotomy and preoperative diagnosis in an emergency setting is either difficult or most of the time not suspected...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994299/evaluation-of-risk-factors-of-surgical-wound-dehiscence-in-adults-after-laparotomy
#19
Goran Aksamija, Adi Mulabdic, Ismar Rasic, Lejla Aksamija
OBJECTIVES: The percentage of patients with difficult and prolonged healing of the wound is still high, while the immediate complications such as wound dehiscence occurs in up to 3 % of all treated patients in abdominal surgery. The aim of study was to analyze the risk factors and comorbidities in the group patients undergoing laparotomy and associated with early postoperative wound dehiscence. METHODS: The retrospective study included all patients treated surgically at Clinic of General and Abdominal surgery, Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo in the period from January 1, 2013 until January 1, 2016, with clinically verified surgical wound dehiscence...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994010/successful-surgical-excision-of-a-massive-symptomatic-partially-obstructing-brunner-s-gland-hamartoma-a-case-report
#20
Khortnal Delvecchio, Susan Seman
Brunner gland function within the duodenal epithelium is secretion of alkaline mucin to counteract acidic chyme. These glands may grow beyond the duodenal wall to become hamartomas. Rarely, they become large enough to cause obstructive symptoms in the upper gastrointestinal tract. We report a case of one of the largest lesions identified in the literature causing obstruction symptoms. A previously asymptomatic 65-year-old gentleman presented to the emergency department with a single-day history of colicky abdominal pain, cramping and vomiting...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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