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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715666/cognitive-affective-and-social-factors-maintaining-paranoia-in-adolescents-with-mental-health-problems-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Jessica C Bird, Felicity Waite, Eleanor Rowsell, Emma C Fergusson, Daniel Freeman
Paranoia may be a significant concern during adolescence, but there has been little research on excessive mistrust in young people. In this longitudinal study we set out to test the predictive ability of a number of cognitive, affective, and social factors in the early development of paranoia in a clinical adolescent population. Thirty four help-seeking adolescents, aged 11-16 years, reporting paranoid thoughts and attending mental health services were recruited. Self-report and interview assessments of paranoia were conducted at baseline...
July 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715495/imagine-the-bright-side-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-types-of-interpretation-bias-modification-procedure-targeting-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression
#2
E L de Voogd, E de Hullu, S Burnett Heyes, S E Blackwell, R W Wiers, E Salemink
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent during adolescence and characterized by negative interpretation biases. Cognitive bias modification of interpretations (CBM-I) may reduce such biases and improve emotional functioning. However, as findings have been mixed and the traditional scenario training is experienced as relatively boring, a picture-based type of training might be more engaging and effective. METHODS: The current study investigated short- and long-term effects (up to 6 months) and users' experience of two types of CBM-I procedure in adolescents with heightened symptoms of anxiety or depression (N = 119, aged 12-18 year)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703312/violence-exposure-is-associated-with-adolescents-same-and-next-day-mental-health-symptoms
#3
Candice L Odgers, Michael A Russell
BACKGROUND: Young people exposed to violence are at increased risk for mental health and behavioral problems. However, very little is known about the immediate, or same-day, associations between violence exposure and adolescents' mental health symptoms or whether daily symptom or behavioral reactivity marks future problems. METHODS: Young adolescents were assessed three times a day for 30 consecutive days using mobile-phone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) (N = 151 adolescents)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701980/depression-and-anxiety-prevention-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-at-risk-adolescents-a-meta-analytic-review
#4
Sanne P A Rasing, Daan H M Creemers, Jan M A M Janssens, Ron H J Scholte
Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders during adolescence. During this life phase, the incidence of these clinical disorders rises dramatically, and even more adolescents suffer from symptoms of depression or anxiety that are just below the clinical threshold. Both clinical and subclinical levels of depression or anxiety symptoms are related to decreased functioning in various areas, such as social and academic functioning. Prevention of depression and anxiety in adolescents is therefore imperative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690672/emulsified-omega-3-fatty-acids-modulate-the-symptoms-of-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#5
Jana Trebatická, Zuzana Hradečná, František Böhmer, Magdaléna Vaváková, Iveta Waczulíková, Iveta Garaiova, Ján Luha, Igor Škodáček, Ján Šuba, Zdeňka Ďuračková
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mood disorders in children is a growing global concern. Omega-3 fatty acids (FA) are emerging as a promising adjuvant therapy for depressive disorder (DD) in paediatric patients. The primary objective of this pilot, single-centre, randomized, double-blind controlled study was to compare the efficacy of an Omega-3 FA fish oil emulsion with a control oil emulsion alongside standard treatment for depressive symptoms in children and adolescents suffering from depressive disorder (DD) and mixed anxiety depressive disorder (MADD)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682188/do-feelings-of-loneliness-mediate-the-relationship-between-sociocognitive-understanding-and-depressive-symptoms-during-late-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#6
Marcella Caputi, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Simona Scaini
An interesting association between sociocognitive understanding and depression has been documented in clinical populations, with high levels of depression apparently related to theory-of-mind deficits. Yet no research has so far investigated this relationship among typically developing preadolescents. Therefore, the authors' main aim was to extend previous findings to the general population and to a younger age group. A secondary aim was to explore the role of feelings of loneliness referring to the previous link...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678409/exposure-to-chronic-variable-social-stress-during-adolescence-alters-affect-related-behaviors-and-adrenocortical-activity-in-adult-male-and-female-inbred-mice
#7
Michael J Caruso, Helen M Kamens, Sonia A Cavigelli
Rodent models provide valuable insight into mechanisms that underlie vulnerability to adverse effects of early-life challenges. Few studies have evaluated sex differences in anxiogenic or depressogenic effects of adolescent social stress in a rodent model. Furthermore, adolescent stress studies often use genetically heterogeneous outbred rodents which can lead to variable results. The current study evaluated the effects of adolescent social stress in male and female inbred (BALB/cJ) mice. Adolescent mice were exposed to repeat cycles of alternating social isolation and social novelty for 4 weeks...
July 5, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677235/cannabis-use-and-psychotic-like-experiences-trajectories-during-early-adolescence-the-coevolution-and-potential-mediators
#8
Josiane Bourque, Mohammad H Afzali, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Patricia Conrod
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to model the different trajectories of psychotic-like experiences (PLE) during adolescence and to examine whether the longitudinal relationship between cannabis use and PLE is mediated by changes in cognitive development and/or change in anxiety or depression symptoms. METHODS: A total of 2,566 youths were assessed every year for 4-years (from 13- to 16-years of age) on clinical, substance use and cognitive development outcomes. Latent class growth models identified three trajectories of PLE: low decreasing (83...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670504/does-context-matter-a-multi-method-assessment-of-affect-in-adolescent-depression-across-multiple-affective-interaction-contexts
#9
Benjamin W Nelson, Michelle L Byrne, Lisa Sheeber, Nicholas B Allen
This study utilized a multi-method approach (self-reported affect, observed behavior, and psychophysiology) to investigate differences between clinically depressed and non-depressed adolescents across three different affective interaction contexts with their parents. 152 adolescents (52 males, 14-18 y.o.), and their parents, participated in a laboratory session in which they discussed positive and negative aspects of their relationship, and reminisced on positive and negative memories. We found that across contexts depressed adolescents exhibited higher negative affect and behaviors, lower positive behaviors, and greater autonomic and sympathetic activity...
March 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668591/alteration-of-cortico-limbic-striatal-neural-system-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#10
Xiaowei Jiang, Xu Dai, Elliot Kale Edmiston, Qian Zhou, Ke Xu, Yifang Zhou, Feng Wu, Lingtao Kong, Shengnan Wei, Yuning Zhou, Miao Chang, Haiyang Geng, Dahai Wang, Ye Wang, Wenhui Cui, Fei Wang, Yanqing Tang
BACKGROUND: It is often difficult to differentiate major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) merely according to clinical symptoms. Similarities and differences in neural activity between the two disorders remain unclear. In current study, we use amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) to compare neural activation changes between MDD and BD patients. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three adolescents and young adults (57 MDD, 46 BD and 80 healthy controls, HC) were scanned during resting state...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668557/adiposity-moderates-links-from-early-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-to-inflammatory-reactivity-to-acute-stress-during-late-adolescence
#11
Jessica J Chiang, Julienne E Bower, Michael R Irwin, Shelley E Taylor, Andrew J Fuligni
Both early adversity and depression are associated with heightened inflammation. However, few studies have focused on inflammatory reactivity to psychosocial stress and examined adiposity as a potential moderator despite the fact that repeated heightened inflammatory reactivity over time is thought to contribute to low-grade chronic inflammation and that adipose tissue is a key source of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether early adversity and depressive symptoms were related to stress-induced inflammation and whether these associations varied by total body and abdominal adiposity as measured by body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in a sample of late adolescents...
June 28, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666132/neuropsychological-function-in-relation-to-dysmenorrhea-in-adolescents
#12
Afsane Bahrami, Hamidreza Sadeghnia, Amir Avan, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Alireza Moslem, Saeed Eslami, Masoud Heshmati, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
OBJECTIVE: Hormonal variations during the menstrual cycle may affect emotional regulation. We aimed to investigate the association between dysmenorrhea (the severe abdominal pain and cramps associated with menstruation) and cognitive abilities, emotional function and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. Moreover, we evaluated the frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in our population and then divided them into 4 groups: subjects with only PMS; subjects with only dysmenorrhea; individuals with both PMS and dysmenorrhea and normal subjects...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664241/the-epidemiology-of-current-depression-in-macau-china-towards-a-plan-for-mental-health-action
#13
Brian J Hall, Agnes Iok Fong Lam, Tat Leong Wu, Wai-Kai Hou, Carl Latkin, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: Macau is a Special Administrative Region in China that has experienced tremendous development in its gambling industry during its post-colonial years. To inform mental health planning, this study presents the first population estimates and correlates of the current depression in Macau. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 1068 Macau Chinese citizens aged 18 or above responded to a household telephone survey in January, 2015. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 measured the current depression...
June 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655366/cardiovascular-fitness-in-late-adolescent-males-and-later-risk-of-serious-non-affective-mental-disorders-a-prospective-population-based-study
#14
J Nyberg, M Henriksson, M A I Åberg, A Rosengren, M Söderberg, N D Åberg, H G Kuhn, M Waern
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of depression. Relationships with other mental disorders need elucidation. This study investigated whether fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of serious non-affective mental disorders. Further, we examined how having an affected brother might impact the relationship. METHOD: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 1 109 786 Swedish male conscripts with no history of mental illness, who underwent conscription examinations at age 18 between 1968 and 2005...
June 28, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655362/measuring-depressive-symptoms-during-adolescence-what-is-the-role-of-gender
#15
C Bulhões, E Ramos, M Severo, S Dias, H Barros
AIMS: The higher prevalence of depressive symptoms among females is well recognised but the reasons for this gender difference are not fully understood. There is growing evidence that current diagnostic criteria and instruments used to assess depression are less sensitive to depression in men, but studies about this issue among adolescents are scarce, especially in Latin countries. Our aim was to assess sex differences in the intensity of depressive symptoms, measured using the Beck Depression Inventory second edition (BDI-II), among Portuguese adolescents, at 13 and 17 years of age...
June 28, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654555/the-experience-of-pain-dismissal-in-adolescence
#16
Ellen K Defenderfer, Kate Bauer, Eva Igler, Julia A Uihlein, W Hobart Davies
CONTEXT: Pain in adolescence has psychosocial effects lasting into adulthood, including increased likelihood of pain in adulthood and higher rates of depression and anxiety. Many adolescents with chronic pain describe skepticism of pain reports, but this has not yet been evaluated in a sample of typically developing adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to describe the experience of perceived pain dismissal during adolescence in a community sample. METHOD: Nearly two-thousand (1931) emerging adults were recruited from the community and answered open-ended questions regarding whether they had experienced dismissal of their pain in adolescence, who dismissed their pain, characteristics of the dismisser, and what that experience was like...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645861/protective-effect-of-lycium-barbarum-polysaccharides-on-dextromethorphan-induced-mood-impairment-and-neurogenesis-suppression
#18
Kevin Kai-Ting Po, Joseph Wai-Hin Leung, Jackie Ngai-Man Chan, Timothy Kai-Hang Fung, Dalinda Isabel Sánchez-Vidaña, Emily Lok-Lam Sin, Kwok-Fai So, Benson Wui-Man Lau, Andrew Man-Hong Siu
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is one of the common drugs abused by adolescents. It is the active ingredient found in cough medicine which is used for suppressing cough. High dosage of DXM can induce euphoria, dissociative effects and even hallucinations. Chronic use of DXM may also lead to depressive-related symptoms. Lycium barbarum, commonly known as wolfberry, has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of ageing-related neurodegenerative diseases. A recent study has shown the potential beneficial effect of Lycium barbarum to reduce depression-like behavior...
June 21, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643991/sleep-duration-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-school-based-survey
#19
Chantal Stheneur, Marc Sznajder, Camille Spiry, Marianna Marcu Marin, Idir Ghout, Patricia Samb, Grégoire Benoist
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to assess the link between sleep duration, quality of life and depression in adolescents. The secondary objective was to study the sleeping behavior of a large sample of adolescents from different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: Study subjects were high school students studying in or around Paris with a general, vocational or technological training background. A survey was conducted to evaluate the subject's perception of their own sleep, quality of life and depression...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640150/evaluation-of-research-topic-evolution-in-psychiatry-using-co-word-analysis
#20
Ying Wu, Xing Jin, Yunzhen Xue
With the rapid increase in the incidence of mental disorders and mental issues, psychiatry has become one of the fastest growing clinical medical disciplines. Development priorities and research foci in this field have evolved over different periods.All the articles in 10 psychiatric journals with the highest impact factors were selected from the Science Citation Index (SCI) in Web of Science from 2001 to 2015. The information visualization software Sci was used to conduct co-word and clustering analyses on these articles...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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