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depression during adolescence

Grace Guerrero-Ramírez, Eduardo Cumba-Avilés
OBJECTIVE: People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) may experience significant changes in their daily routines due to this condition, which frequently results in depressive symptoms and the deterioration of their quality of life. We examined the factors associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and diabetes-related quality of life (DRQOL) in adolescents (aged 12 to 17) with T1D. METHODS: The sample consisted of 51 youths (29 girls) recruited during a treatment study for depression...
2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Sagar V Parikh, Ayal Schaffer, David J Bond, Benicio N Frey, Verinder Sharma, Benjamin I Goldstein, Soham Rej, Serge Beaulieu, Martin Alda, Glenda MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun Ravindran, Claire O'Donovan, Diane McIntosh, Raymond W Lam, Gustavo Vazquez, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Jan Kozicky, Shigenobu Kanba, Beny Lafer, Trisha Suppes, Joseph R Calabrese, Eduard Vieta, Gin Malhi, Robert M Post, Michael Berk
The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) previously published treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder in 2005, along with international commentaries and subsequent updates in 2007, 2009, and 2013. The last two updates were published in collaboration with the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD). These 2018 CANMAT and ISBD Bipolar Treatment Guidelines represent the significant advances in the field since the last full edition was published in 2005, including updates to diagnosis and management as well as new research into pharmacological and psychological treatments...
March 14, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Rebecca C Windle, Michael Windle
INTRODUCTION: Numerous cross-sectional and shorter-term longitudinal studies have supported the role of drinking motives as potent proximal predictors of alcohol phenotypes (e.g., alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking). However, missing from this literature is a focus both on the stability of drinking motives across young adulthood and on adolescent precursors of drinking motives. METHODS: We investigated the adequacy of using a latent trait-state model (LTSM) to investigate three-wave data on social, enhancement, and coping motives for drinking with a community sample of young adults (N = 1004) at the mean ages of 23...
March 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Adam Bryant Miller, Katie A McLaughlin, Daniel S Busso, Stephanie Brueck, Matthew Peverill, Margaret A Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Research on the neural correlates associated with risk for suicidal ideation (SI) has been limited, particularly in one increasingly at-risk group-adolescents. Previous research with adolescents indicates that poor emotion regulation skills are linked with SI, but these studies have not previously examined neural activation in service of emotion regulation between those with and without SI histories. METHODS: Here we examine whether SI is associated with neural responses during an emotion regulation functional magnetic resonance imaging task in a group of adolescents (N = 49) 13 to 20 years of age (mean = 16...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
María-Jesús Cava, Sofía Buelga, Inés Tomás
Peer victimization and dating violence victimization have serious negative effects on adolescents' health, and they seem to be related. However, the mediating processes in this relationship have not been sufficiently analyzed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the direct and indirect relationships between peer victimization and dating violence victimization, considering the possible mediator role of loneliness, depressed mood, and life satisfaction. These relationships are analyzed in boys and girls, and in early and middle adolescence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
B Rosenfeld, V Delvenne
The complexity of depressive diagnosis and other forms of expression of psychological suffering during adolescence explain why particular caution is required. The medico-psycho-social determinants of teenager's mental health enjoin us to support a holistic analysis of these situations. Different analysis spectra - symptomatic, environnemental, anthropological, cultural - allow us to understand a situation at different levels of interpretation. As we will see through a clinical case examination, the difficulty of depressive diagnosis in a multicultural background is increased by the ethnocentrical aspect of this category...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Erin E Long, Jami F Young, Benjamin L Hankin
BACKGROUND: Depression is highly comorbid with anxiety in youth. It is frequently reported that anxiety precedes depression; however, evidence surrounding the temporal precedence of anxiety over depression is mixed. Many studies of anxiety-depression co-occurrence lump distinct forms of anxiety, obscuring information regarding trajectories of specific anxiety syndromes. This study sought to more accurately describe the development of anxiety and depression over time by moving beyond the question of temporal precedence to investigate a developmentally dynamic model of anxiety-depression co-occurrence...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Fatima Valencia-Agudo, Georgina Corbet Burcher, Lourdes Ezpeleta, Tami Kramer
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) usually starts during adolescence and is associated with an array of psychological and psychiatric symptoms and future suicide attempts. The aim of this study is to determine prospective predictors, mediators and moderators of NSSI in adolescent community samples in order to target prevention and treatment strategies. Two team members searched online databases independently. Thirty-nine studies were included in the review. Several variables were seen to prospectively predict NSSI: female gender, family-related variables, peer victimisation, depression, previous NSSI and self-concept...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Raffaella Calati, Philippe Courtet, Jorge Lopez-Castroman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since psychotherapies for suicide prevention are receiving increasing attention, our purpose was to evaluate the related literature [meta-analyses and reviews on their effect on suicidal outcomes (A), perspective reviews concerning specific socio-demographic and clinical features (B), original studies with particular interest (C)] published over the last 3 years. RECENT FINDINGS: (A) Across different diagnoses, particularly, efficacious psychotherapies were cognitive behavioral therapy-based ones and interventions directly addressing suicidal thoughts and behaviors during the treatment...
March 8, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Suvarna V Menon, Joseph R Cohen, Ryan C Shorey, Jeff R Temple
Despite increased attention on parental intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, a relative paucity of research has examined the developmental consequences of this traumatic experience within a life span approach. The aim of the present study was to examine how parental IPV exposure may relate to mental health during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, we examined whether the impact of parental IPV exposure was unique from more commonly studied maltreatment experiences, specifically neglect and physical abuse...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Monica Moresco, Fabio Pizza, Elena Antelmi, Giuseppe Plazzi
Narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is a rare chronic neurologic disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, hallucinations and disrupted nocturnal sleep, usually with onset during childhood/adolescence. Pediatric NT1 is associated with limitations on children's activities and achievements, especially poor performance at school, difficulty with peers due to disease symptoms and comorbidities including depression, obesity, and precocious puberty. NT1 disease is caused by the selective loss of hypocretin-producing neurons in the lateral hypothalamus, most probably related to an autoimmune pathophysiology...
March 5, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Muhammad A Rahman, Charlotte Todd, Ann John, Jacinta Tan, Michael Kerr, Robert Potter, Jonathan Kennedy, Frances Rice, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders in children and adolescents have an impact on educational attainment. Aims To examine the temporal association between attainment in education and subsequent diagnosis of depression or self-harm in the teenage years. METHOD: General practitioner, hospital and education records of young people in Wales between 1999 and 2014 were linked and analysed using Cox regression. RESULTS: Linked records were available for 652 903 young people and of these 33 498 (5...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Marta Maltese, Jennifer Stanic, Annalisa Tassone, Giuseppe Sciamanna, Giulia Ponterio, Valentina Vanni, Giuseppina Martella, Paola Imbriani, Paola Bonsi, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Fabrizio Gardoni, Antonio Pisani
The onset of abnormal movements in DYT1 dystonia is between childhood and adolescence, though it is unclear why clinical manifestations appear during this developmental period. Plasticity at corticostriatal synapses is critically involved in motor memory. In the Tor1a +/Δgag DYT1 dystonia mouse model, long-term potentiation (LTP) appeared prematurely in a critical developmental window in striatal spiny neurons (SPNs), while long-term depression (LTD) was never recorded. Analysis of dendritic spines showed an increase of both spine width and mature mushroom spines in Tor1a +/Δgag neurons, paralleled by an enhanced AMPA receptor (AMPAR) accumulation...
March 5, 2018: ELife
Gabriela Alarcón, Erika E Forbes
Purpose of Review: Prosocial behavior and depression are related constructs that both increase during adolescence and display gender-specific effects. The current review surveys literature examining the association between depressive symptoms and prosociality, measured with behavioral economic paradigms, across development and proposes a theoretical model explaining a mechanism through which adolescent girls have higher risk for depression than boys. Recent Findings: Relative to healthy controls, prosocial behavior is reduced in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) but may be increased in adolescents with MDD...
June 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
Karin Melin, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Ingela Skärsäter, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Tord Ivarsson
This study reports follow-up 2 and 3 years after the initial assessment of a sample of youth with a primary diagnosis of OCD. Participants were 109 children and adolescents, aged 5-17 years, recruited from a specialized, outpatient OCD clinic in Sweden. Patients were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), augmented when indicated by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). In cases where SSRIs were insufficient, augmentation with a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) was applied. Participants were assessed with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), Children's OCD Impact Scale (COIS), and Children's Depressive Inventory (CDI) at follow-ups 2 and 3 years after baseline assessment...
March 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Saori Nishikawa, Takashi X Fujisawa, Masahiko Kojima, Akemi Tomoda
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between negative life events (NLEs) in childhood and resilience/posttraumatic growth (PTG) with regard to the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder. We hypothesized that the type and timing of NLEs interact to influence mental health in the general youth population. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effects of NLE timing and intensity on current depressive symptoms, and to determine the direct and indirect effects of NLEs/resilience on PTG and depression among non-clinical adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Aliou B Gueye, Leandro F Vendruscolo, Camila de Ávila, Catherine Le Moine, Muriel Darnaudéry, Martine Cador
Depression is highly prevalent worldwide, but its etiology is not fully understood. An overlooked possible contributor to the epidemic of depression is feeding styles, particularly at early age when the brain is intensely changing. We have previously reported that unlimited sucrose consumption during adolescence leads to enduring changes in brain reward function. Here, we tested the hypothesis that sucrose consumption during adolescence would lead to a 'depressive-like' phenotype. Adolescent male rats were given unlimited access to 5% sucrose in their home cages from postnatal day 30 to postnatal day 46 and their emotional behavior was subsequently examined at adulthood...
February 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Pamela Prini, Franceso Rusconi, Erica Zamberletti, Marina Gabaglio, Federica Penna, Mauro Fasano, Elena Battaglioli, Daniela Parolaro, Tiziana Rubino
BACKGROUND: Increasing cannabis consumption among adolescents, studies that link its early use with mental illnesses, and the political debate on cannabis legalization together call for an urgent need to study molecular underpinnings of adolescent brain vulnerability. The emerging role of epigenetic mechanisms in psychiatric diseases led us to hypothesize that epigenetic alterations could play a role in causes and subsequent development of the depressive/psychotic-like phenotype induced by adolescent, but not adult, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exposure in female rats...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Christina N Grant, Richard E Bélanger
Cannabis is the most common illicit drug used worldwide and it is used frequently by Canadian teenagers. Cannabis use during adolescence can cause functional and structural changes to the developing brain, leading to damage. Marijuana use in this age group is strongly linked to: cannabis dependence and other substance use disorders; the initiation and maintenance of tobacco smoking; an increased presence of mental illness, including depression, anxiety and psychosis; impaired neurological development and cognitive decline; and diminished school performance and lifetime achievement...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
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