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depression during adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#1
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803180/anxiety-contributes-to-poorer-asthma-outcomes-in-inner-city-black-adolescents
#2
Marissa R Shams, Alice C Bruce, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: The factors associated with poor asthma control, exacerbations, and health care utilization in black adolescents are complex and not well understood. Although psychological comorbidities such as anxiety are common in patients with asthma, these have not been studied in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study characterized anxiety and associated asthma features in a cohort of black inner-city adolescents with persistent asthma and determined the association between anxiety symptoms, persistent uncontrolled asthma, and prospective health care utilization over 1 year...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798340/predictable-chronic-mild-stress-during-adolescence-promotes-fear-memory-extinction-in-adulthood
#3
Jia-Hui Deng, Wei Yan, Ying Han, Chen Chen, Shi-Qiu Meng, Cheng-Yu Sun, Ling-Zhi Xu, Yan-Xue Xue, Xue-Jiao Gao, Na Chen, Fei-Long Zhang, Yu-Mei Wang, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
Early-life stress in adolescence has a long-lasting influence on brain function in adulthood, and it is mostly recognized as a predisposing factor for mental illnesses, such as anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. Previous studies also indicated that adolescent predictable chronic mild stress (PCMS) in early life promotes resilience to depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in adulthood. However, the role of PCMS in associated memory process is still unclear. In the present study, we found that adolescent PCMS facilitated extinction and inhibited fear response in reinstatement and spontaneous recovery tests in adult rats, and this effect was still present 1 week later...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#4
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797194/contributions-of-early-adversity-to-pro-inflammatory-phenotype-in-infancy-the-buffer-provided-by-attachment-security
#5
Jeffrey R Measelle, Jennifer C Ablow
Adversity early in life is associated with systemic inflammation by adolescence and beyond. At present, few studies have investigated the associations between different forms of adversity and inflammation during infancy, making it difficult to specify the origins of disease vulnerability. This study examined the association between multiple forms of early adversity - socioeconomic status disadvantage, familial stress, maternal depression, and security of attachment - and individual differences in a composite measure of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and the inflammatory protein C-reactive protein that were collected via saliva when (n = 49) children were 17 months old...
August 11, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796531/cyberstalking-victimization-depression-and-academic-performance-the-role-of-perceived-social-support-from-parents
#6
Michelle F Wright
Little attention has been given to adolescents' experience of cyberstalking and how such experiences relate to their depression and academic performance. It is less clear how other variables, such as perceived social support, might impact these associations. Addressing these gaps in the literature, this study investigated the potential moderating effect of perceived social support from parents on the association between cyberstalking victimization and depression and academic performance, each assessed 1 year later, from 11th to 12th grade...
August 10, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792577/-implementation-evaluation-of-the-pare-chocs-program-in-high-school
#7
Martine Poirier, Diane Marcotte, Jacques Joly, Laurier Fortin
Despite the important increase in the prevalence of depression during adolescence, a low proportion of adolescent presenting elevated depressive symptoms receive school-based mental health services. Moreover, programs implemented in school settings often suffer of a less rigorous implementation, thus limiting their potential effectiveness. The identification of factors influencing implementation fidelity is essential to improve the quality of services. Guided by a theory-driven evaluation model, we assessed the quality of implementation of the Pare-Chocs program and the factors that affected this quality with the elements of action model of Chen (2005)...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776834/overt-and-relational-aggression-participant-role-behavior-measurement-and-relations-with-sociometric-status-and-depression
#8
Deborah M Casper, Noel A Card, Sheri Bauman, Russell B Toomey
This study is the first to measure participant role behavior across overt and relational forms of aggression. The Overt and Relational Aggression Participant Role Behavior Scales were designed to measure aggression, assisting, reinforcing, defending, victimization, and outsider behavior during acts of peer aggression in an ethnically diverse sample of 609 adolescents (M age = 12 years). The data fit the hypothesized 12-factor model, and measurement invariance was established across gender. Relational victimization, but not overt victimization, was positively associated with all other relational aggression roles...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767135/phenotypic-outcomes-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-the-scarcity-adversity-model-of-low-nesting-resources-outside-the-home-cage
#9
Tiffany S Doherty, Jennifer Blaze, Samantha M Keller, Tania L Roth
Early life adversity is known to disrupt behavioral trajectories and many rodent models have been developed to characterize these stress-induced outcomes. One example is the scarcity-adversity model of low nesting resources. This model employs resource scarcity (i.e., low nesting materials) to elicit adverse caregiving conditions (including maltreatment) toward rodent neonates. Our lab utilizes a version of this model wherein caregiving exposures occur outside the home cage during the first postnatal week. The aim of this study was to determine adolescent and adult phenotypic outcomes associated with this model, including assessment of depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors and performance in different cognitive domains...
August 2, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766973/assessment-of-mental-health-literacy-among-perinatal-hispanic-adolescents
#10
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
According to the United States (U.S.) Census Bureau, Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the U.S. As such, Hispanic females have the highest birth rate (35 per 1000) among adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 years. Despite high fertility rates, there is limited mental health information among Hispanic adolescents during the perinatal period. Perinatal depression is a major concern as it poses health risks for both the mother and infant. Adverse outcomes such as preterm birth, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment may result from perinatal depression...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766315/physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-in-adolescents
#11
Renate de Groot, Martin van Dijk, Hans Savelberg, Frederik van Acker, Paul Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the beneficial role of physical activity (PA) for health and school performance is growing. Studies investigating the link between PA and school absenteeism due to illness are lacking. Therefore, we investigated associations between habitual PA and school absenteeism due to illness in adolescents and explored whether mental health and cardiovascular fitness mediated this association. METHODS: We studied 328 students in grades 7 and 9 (mean age 13...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759400/body-composition-in-adolescents-during-treatment-with-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#12
Chadi A Calarge, James A Mills, Kathleen F Janz, Trudy L Burns, William H Coryell, Babette S Zemel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the independent contribution of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to changes in body composition in older adolescents. METHODS: Medically healthy 15- to 20-year-olds who were unmedicated or within 1 month of starting an SSRI were prospectively followed. Psychiatric functioning and medication treatment were assessed monthly. Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured every 4 months...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#13
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756191/serotonin-transporter-immunoreactivity-is-modulated-during-development-and-after-fluoxetine-treatment-in-the-rodent-visual-system
#14
Wandilson Dos Santos Rodrigues Junior, Priscilla Oliveira-Silva, Adriana da Cunha Faria-Melibeu, Paula Campello-Costa, Claudio Alberto Serfaty
The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) regulates serotonin homeostasis and has been used as a target for different drugs in depression treatment. Although the serotonergic system has received a lot of attention, little is known about the effects of these drugs over serotonin transporters. In this work, we investigated the expression pattern of 5-HTT during development of the visual system and the influence of fluoxetine on different signaling pathways. Our data showed that the expression of 5-HTT has a gradual increase from postnatal day 0 until 42 and decrease afterwards...
July 26, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752513/malnutrition-related-early-childhood-exposures-and-enamel-defects-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-bolivian-amazon
#15
Erin E Masterson, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Lloyd A Mancl, Esther Conde, Philippe P Hujoel
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between early childhood malnutrition-related measures and subsequent enamel defects in the permanent dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study included 349 Amerindian adolescents (10-17 years, 52% male) from the Bolivian Amazon. Exposures included: stunted growth (height-for-age z-scores), underweight (weight-for-age z-scores), anemia (hemoglobin), acute inflammation (C-reactive protein) and parasitic infection (hookworm)...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750213/maternal-infection-and-stress-during-pregnancy-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescent-offspring
#16
Shannon K Murphy, Anna M Fineberg, Seth D Maxwell, Lauren B Alloy, Lauren Zimmermann, Nickilou Y Krigbaum, Barbara A Cohn, Deborah A G Drabick, Lauren M Ellman
Maternal infection during pregnancy has been linked to increased risk of offspring depression. Additionally, maternal stress during pregnancy has been consistently linked with adverse offspring outcomes associated with depression. Relatedly, stress has been associated with increased risk of infection; however no study has investigated stress-infection interactions during pregnancy and risk for offspring depression. Participants were drawn from the Child Health and Development Studies (CHDS), a prospective, longitudinal study that enrolled pregnant women from 1959 to 1966...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#17
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747248/pathways-between-childhood-adolescent-adversity-adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-long-term-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood
#18
Jenalee R Doom, Susan M Mason, Shakira F Suglia, Cari Jo Clark
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated mediators between childhood/adolescent adversities (e.g., dating violence, maltreatment, homelessness, and parental death), low socioeconomic status (SES) during adolescence, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in young adulthood. The purpose of these analyses was to understand whether SES during adolescence and childhood/adolescent adversities affect CVD risk through similar pathways, including maternal relationship quality, health behaviors, financial stress, medical/dental care, educational attainment, sleep problems, and depressive symptoms...
September 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744228/adolescent-major-depressive-disorder-neuroimaging-evidence-of-sex-difference-during-an-affective-go-no-go-task
#20
Jie-Yu Chuang, Cindy C Hagan, Graham K Murray, Julia M E Graham, Cinly Ooi, Roger Tait, Rosemary J Holt, Rebecca Elliott, Adrienne O van Nieuwenhuizen, Edward T Bullmore, Belinda R Lennox, Barbara J Sahakian, Ian M Goodyer, John Suckling
Compared to female major depressive disorder (MDD), male MDD often receives less attention. However, research is warranted since there are significant sex differences in the clinical presentation of MDD and a higher rate of suicide in depressed men. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study with a large sample addressing putative sex differences in MDD during adolescence, a period when one of the most robust findings in psychiatric epidemiology emerges; that females are twice as likely to suffer from MDD than males...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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