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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#1
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532431/high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-peruvian-adolescents-living-in-a-peri-urban-shantytown-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Elizabeth S Abbs, José Viñoles, Jorge O Alarcón, Heather M Johnson, Joseph R Zunt
BACKGROUND: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents. METHODS: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530434/associations-between-observed-parenting-behavior-and-adolescent-inflammation-two-and-a-half-years-later-in-a-community-sample
#3
Michelle L Byrne, Sally Horne, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Katrina A Walsh, Eric C Reynolds, Orli S Schwartz, Sarah Whittle, Julian G Simmons, Lisa Sheeber, Nicholas B Allen
OBJECTIVE: Family environments have an effect on physical health during adolescence, and a possible underlying mechanism is inflammation. However, little is known about the association between observed parenting behaviors and immune system functioning. The current study examined whether positive and negative emotional parental behaviors observed during family interactions were associated with inflammation in adolescents. METHOD: Sixty-one parent-adolescent dyads (37 male adolescents, 60...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530045/mental-health-challenges-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#4
Rachel C Vreeman, Brittany M McCoy, Sonia Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a critical and neglected global health challenge for adolescents infected with HIV. The prevalence of mental and behavioural health issues among HIV-infected adolescents may not be well understood or addressed as the world scales up HIV prevention and treatment for adolescents. The objective of this narrative review is to assess the current literature related to mental health challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV, including access to mental health services, the role of mental health challenges during transition from paediatric to adult care services and responsibilities, and the impact of mental health interventions...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529394/positive-emotion-specificity-and-mood-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-outpatient-sample
#5
June Gruber, Anna Van Meter, Kirsten E Gilbert, Eric A Youngstrom, Jennifer Kogos Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
Research on positive emotion disturbance has gained increasing attention, yet it is not clear which specific positive emotions are affected by mood symptoms, particularly during the critical period of adolescence. This is especially pertinent for identifying potential endophenotypic markers associated with mood disorder onset and course. The present study examined self-reported discrete positive and negative emotions in association with clinician-rated manic and depressive mood symptoms in a clinically and demographically diverse group of 401 outpatient adolescents between 11-18 years of age...
June 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527907/behavioral-and-cognitive-impact-of-early-life-stress-insights-from-an-animal-model
#6
Hesong Liu, Fatin Atrooz, Ankita Salvi, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Children subjected to traumatic events during childhood are reported to exhibit behavioral and cognitive deficits later in life, often leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. Interestingly, some children continue to remain normal despite being exposed to the same risk factors. These trauma-related behavioral and cognitive profiles across different stages of life are not well understood. Animal studies can offer useful insights. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of early life exposure to traumatic events on behavioral and cognitive profile in rats by tracking the behavior of each rat at different ages...
May 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#7
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520646/relationship-between-pubertal-timing-and-chronic-nonspecific-pain-in-adolescent-girls-the-young-hunt3-study-2006-2008
#8
Barbro Kløven, Gry B Hoftun, Pål R Romundstad, Marite Rygg
The aim of this study was to examine a possible relationship between early puberty and chronic non-specific pain in 13-18 years old girls. All adolescents in Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, were invited to participate in the Young-HUNT3 study (2006-2008). Of the invited girls 81% answered the questionnaire and of these 3982 were 13-18 years. Menarche and perceived physical maturation were used as exposure measures. Early menarche was defined as <12 years, normal menarche as ≥12 and <14 years, and late menarche as ≥14 years...
May 16, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501681/postnatal-paternal-involvement-and-maternal-emotional-disturbances-the-effect-of-maternal-employment-status
#9
Wan-Chien Lin, Shin-Yow Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsin-Chien Lee, Yi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have begun emphasizing paternal involvement during the perinatal period and its impact on maternal health. However, most studies have assessed maternal perception and focused on adolescents or minority groups in Western countries. Therefore, the current study investigated the association between paternal involvement and maternal postnatal depression and anxiety, along with the effects of maternal job status in the Asian society of Taiwan. METHODS: This study recruited pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy as well as their partners on prenatal visits from July 2011 to September 2013 at four selected hospitals in metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499915/early-life-stress-and-later-peer-distress-on-depressive-behavior-in-adolescent-female-rats-effects-of-a-novel-intervention-on-gaba-and-d2-receptors
#10
Jodi L Lukkes, Shirisha Meda, Britta S Thompson, Nadja Freund, Susan L Andersen
Early life adversity (ELA) increases the risk of depression during adolescence that may result from a decline in parvalbumin (PVB) secondary to increased neuroinflammation. In this study, we investigated depressive-like behavior following exposure to two different types of stressors that are relevant for their developmental period: 1) chronic ELA (maternal separation; MS) and 2) an acute emotional stressor during adolescence (witnessing their peers receive multiple shocks; WIT), and their interaction. We also determined whether reducing inflammation by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition would prevent the onset of depressive-like behavior...
May 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498540/patterns-of-adolescent-regulatory-responses-during-family-conflict-and-mental-health-trajectories
#11
Kalsea J Koss, E Mark Cummings, Patrick T Davies, Dante Cicchetti
Four distinct patterns of adolescents' behavioral, emotional, and physiological responses to family conflict were identified during mother-father-adolescent (M = 13.08 years) interactions. Most youth displayed adaptively regulated patterns comprised of low overt and subjective distress. Under-controlled adolescents exhibited elevated observable and subjective anger. Over-controlled adolescents were withdrawn and reported heightened subjective distress. Physiologically reactive adolescents had elevated cortisol coupled with low overt and subjective distress...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479531/-structural-brain-development-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#12
Izumi Matsudaira, Ryuta Kawashima, Yasuyuki Taki
Brain maturation progresses throughout childhood into adolescence. Investigating the mechanism of brain development during these periods in healthy people is necessary for some clinical purposes. For example, these mechanisms are needed to investigate the mechanism of impaired brain maturation in neurodevelopmental disorders-such as autism spectrum disorders or attention-deficit hyper disorder-and improve early prevention of psychiatric or neurodegenerative diseases like depression or Alzheimer's disease. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) is an effective way to analyze brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) of children and adolescents, as the brain structures of children and adolescents vary widely depending on their age, sex, and several other factors...
May 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475961/the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-a-systematic-review-and-reliability-generalization-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jose A Piqueras, María Martín-Vivar, Bonifacio Sandin, Concepción San Luis, David Pineda
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental disorders during childhood and adolescence. Among the instruments for the brief screening assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression, the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) is one of the more widely used. Previous studies have demonstrated the reliability of the RCADS for different assessment settings and different versions. The aims of this study were to examine the mean reliability of the RCADS and the influence of the moderators on the RCADS reliability...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474733/practitioner-review-the-effects-of-atypical-antipsychotics-and-mood-stabilisers-in-the-treatment-of-depressive-symptoms-in-paediatric-bipolar-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Tobias Atkin, Nicolas Nuñez, Gabriella Gobbi
BACKGROUND: The management of depressive and mixed symptoms in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD) remains a matter of debate. The goal of this review is, thus, to systematically examine the impact of atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) and mood stabilisers in the treatment of bipolar depression and/or mixed states. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for studies assessing the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for bipolar disorder type I, type II and not otherwise specified with a recent depressive, mixed or manic episode (with depressive symptoms) following DSM-IV criteria in children and adolescents as either acute or maintenance treatment...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469702/adolescent-health-and-subsequent-risk-of-self-harm-hospitalisation-a-15-year-follow-up-of-the-young-hunt-cohort
#15
Asbjørn Junker, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Ottar Bjerkeset
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is associated with increased suicide risk, and constitutes a major challenge in adolescent mental healthcare. In the current study, we examined the association between different aspects of adolescent health and risk of later self-harm requiring hospital admission. METHODS: We linked baseline information from 13 to 19 year old participants (n = 8965) in the Norwegian Young-HUNT 1 study to patient records of self-harm hospitalisation during 15 years of follow-up...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465076/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-for-perioperative-pain-management-in-adolescents-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-an-observational-cohort-study
#16
Janelle D Vaughns, Celeste Martin, Jonathon Nelson, Evan Nadler, Zenaide M Quezado
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic management of adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery presents a number of challenges, including increased risk of postoperative opioid-related respiratory depression. These patients could benefit from adjunctive analgesics with opioid-sparring effects to optimize perioperative pain control. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, has sedative and analgesic properties with no respiratory depressant effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intraoperative dexmedetomidine on opioid requirement and perioperative pain management in obese adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463436/ethical-considerations-for-involving-latina-adolescents-in-mental-health-research
#17
Allison L McCord
TOPIC: US Latina adolescents experience significant mental health disparities, such as depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and, therefore, should be involved in research studies focused on minimizing these health disparities. However, researchers must consider the specific ways this population is vulnerable and provide adequate protections to reduce risks related to these vulnerabilities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the different ways that Latina adolescents with mental health problems can be vulnerable research participants, identify strategies to protect this population during a research study, and describe steps taken to apply these strategies in an ongoing qualitative study examining depression in Latina adolescents...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462588/mental-disorders-in-australian-4-to-17-year-olds-parent-reported-need-for-help
#18
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Michael Sawyer, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent to which parents report that 4- to 17-year-olds with symptoms meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition criteria for mental disorders need help, the types of help needed, the extent to which this need is being met and factors associated with a need for help. METHOD: During 2013-2014, a national household survey of the mental health of Australia's young people (Young Minds Matter) was conducted, involving 6310 parents (and carers) of 4- to 17-year-olds...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462362/early-life-stress-leads-to-developmental-and-sex-selective-effects-on-performance-in-a-novel-object-placement-task
#19
Kevin G Bath, Arielle Schilit Nitenson, Ezra Lichtman, Chelsea Lopez, Whitney Chen, Meghan Gallo, Haley Goodwill, Gabriela Manzano-Nieves
Disruptions in early life care, including neglect, extreme poverty, and trauma, influence neural development and increase the risk for and severity of pathology. Significant sex disparities have been identified for affective pathology, with females having an increased risk of developing anxiety and depressive disorder. However, the effects of early life stress (ELS) on cognitive development have not been as well characterized, especially in reference to sex specific impacts of ELS on cognitive abilities over development...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458501/early-pubertal-timing-and-childhood-family-adversity-interact-to-predict-newlywed-women-s-anxiety-symptoms
#20
Jeffrey P Winer, Sally I Powers, Paula R Pietromonaco
The contextual amplification hypothesis posits that girls' early pubertal timing will predict anxiety and depression symptoms most strongly when early puberty occurs under adverse conditions. Research supporting this hypothesis has consistently linked early pubertal timing occurring in adverse contexts to symptoms during adolescence, but little is known about the link to adult symptoms. The present study examined the extent to which women's reports of early pubertal timing and childhood family adversity interact to predict symptoms of anxiety and depression during the first two years of marriage...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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