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depression during adolescence

Stephen Nkansah-Amankra
PURPOSE: In the United States and other countries of the world , high prevalence of pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms and depression during pregnancy is an important public health concern, as they are associated with low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) outcomes in adulthood. However, the relationships among pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms, low birth weight, preterm birth outcomes and household characteristics have not been well established. METHODS: The study used data from 7120 adolescent female participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from Waves I (1994-1995 in-school interview), II (1996 as in-home), III (2001-2002 as in-home interview), IV (2008 as in-home interview) and Wave V is currently underway...
December 13, 2017: Midwifery
Megan Bears Augustyn, Celia J Fulco, Kimberly L Henry
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mother-child dyads as a flexible function of child age and account for the potential moderating role of maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors. Using prospective, self-report data collected yearly from 413 mother-child dyads (210 mother-son dyads and 203 mother-daughter dyads) between child ages 12-17, the results indicate that the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on daughters' depressive symptoms steadily increases throughout adolescence whereas the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on sons' depressive symptoms is relatively small, stable, and non-significant during mid-adolescence before increasing in effect in later adolescence...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Julia V Ramos, Blandina T Mmbaga, Elizabeth L Turner, Leonia L Rugalabamu, Severa Luhanga, Coleen K Cunningham, Dorothy E Dow
Disclosing HIV status to children before adolescence is a major challenge facing families and healthcare providers. This study used a mixed methods approach to explore the youth perspective of how youth living with HIV (YLHIV) found out their status and to quantify the association of disclosure modality with mental health, stigma, adherence, and HIV outcomes in adolescence. Youth 11-24 years of age attending adolescent HIV clinic in Moshi, Tanzania were included. Adolescents answered questions, including when and how they found out they had HIV, mental health surveys (nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and modified University of California Los Angeles trauma screen), modified Berger's stigma scale, and self-reported adherence...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Timothy D Nelson, Katherine M Kidwell, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Cara C Tomaso, Maren Hankey, Kimberly Andrews Espy
Depression and anxiety are prevalent and impairing forms of psychopathology in children and adolescents. Deficits in early executive control (EC) may contribute to the development of these problems, but longitudinal studies with rigorous measurement across key developmental periods are limited. The current study examines EC in preschool as a predictor of subsequent depression and anxiety symptoms in elementary school in a community sample (N = 280). Child participants completed a battery of nine developmentally-appropriate tasks designed to measure major aspects of EC at age 5 years, 3 months...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
Cecilia A Essau, Peter M Lewinsohn, Jie Xin Lim, Moon-Ho R Ho, Paul Rohde
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and frequently comorbid with other mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study was to examine the incidence, recurrence and comorbidity rates of anxiety disorders across four developmental periods, namely, during childhood (5 - 12.9 years), adolescence (13 - 17.9 years), emerging adulthood (18 - 23.9 years), and adulthood (24 - 30 years). METHOD: Eight hundred and sixteen participants from a large community sample were interviewed twice during adolescence, at age 24, and at age 30...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Karina Quevedo, Madeline Harms, Mitchell Sauder, Hannah Scott, Sumaya Mohamed, Kathleen M Thomas, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Garry Smyda
OBJECTIVE: Depression is linked to alterations in both emotion and self-processing. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural activation in healthy and depressed youth to a novel task that combined emotion processing with self-face recognition. METHODS: An fMRI study involving 81 adolescents (50.6% females; Mage=14.61, SD=1.65) comprised of depressed (DEP, n=43), and healthy controls (HC, n=38). Participants completed a clinical interview and self-report measures during an initial assessment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Heidi Resnick, Kelly L Zuromski, Sandro Galea, Matthew Price, Amanda K Gilmore, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
The purpose of the current report was to examine prior history of exposure to interpersonal violence (IPV), as compared with prior accident or prior disaster exposure, experiences during and after a disaster, and demographic variables as predictors of past month posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression severity among adolescents exposed to the tornadoes in Alabama and Missouri. IPV exposure has been consistently identified as a unique category of potentially traumatic events (PTE) that significantly increases risk for development of PTSD and other difficulties relative to other event types among adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Elizabeth Culatta, Jody Clay-Warner, Kaitlin M Boyle, Assaf Oshri
Research has shown that victims of sexual assault are at a significant risk of revictimization. We use routine activity theory to predict how sexual victimization in adolescence relates to depression, substance use, and ultimately revictimization as a young adult. We frame our research within routine activity theory and predict that sexual victimization increases substance use and depressive symptoms, both of which increase the likelihood of revictimization. We test the hypotheses with three waves of data from the Longitudinal Study of Violence Against Women...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith C Joppa, David Barker, Caron Zlotnick, Justine Warren, Hans Saint-Eloi Cadely, Larry K Brown
The objective of this article is to examine the individual and relational characteristics of adolescent girls with a history of physical DV, as well as to utilize partner-specific, temporal data to explore links between these factors and recent or ongoing DV experiences. Participants were 109 high school girls (ages 14-17) identified as having a history of DV through a school-based screening procedure. Details regarding the timing of DV and links with specific dating partners were gathered using Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview methodology...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jane Mendle, Rebecca M Ryan, Kirsten M P McKone
BACKGROUND: Early pubertal timing in girls is one of the best-replicated antecedents of a range of mental health problems during adolescence, but few researchers have examined the duration of these effects. METHODS: We leverage a nationally representative sample (N = 7802 women) managed prospectively from adolescence over a period of ∼14 years to examine associations of age at menarche with depressive symptoms and antisocial behaviors in adulthood. RESULTS: Earlier ages at menarche were associated with higher rates of both depressive symptoms and antisocial behaviors in early-middle adulthood largely because difficulties that started in adolescence did not attenuate over time...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics
Martha Mbawa, Jerneja Vidmar, Constance Chingwaru, Walter Chingwaru
This study has shown evidence of significant prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) among adolescent mothers (ADLM) (13.0%) than among adult mothers (ADM) (7.2%) (p < 0.001) in Mashonaland Central and Bulawayo provinces of Zimbabwe. The following were shown to significantly associate with PPD among ADLM: (p < 0.05): (i) abandonment by a partner, (ii) lack access to childhood needs, (iii) bad relationships within families, (iv) social insecurity, (v) prenatal depression (vi) unplanned pregnancies, (vii) lack of information about contraception, (viii) negative perception of teenage pregnancy, (ix) absence of both parents during childhood and (x) negative familial relationships during childhood [OR > 1, 95% CI; p < 0...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Richard M Stewart, Janice W Y Wong, Kevin C Runions, Pradeep Rao, Julia K Moore, Simon R Davies, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg, David Sommerfield, Florian Daniel Zepf
BACKGROUND: The first line of pharmacological treatment for severe depressive disorders in young people is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). However, beneficial clinical effects are rarely observed before several weeks into treatment. Nitrous oxide (N2O) has a long-standing safety record for pain relief and has been used in adults and young people. In adults with severe treatment-resistant depression, a single dose of N2O had significant antidepressant effects, with maximum antidepressant effects observed 24 h after administration...
December 22, 2017: Trials
Meghan E Quinn, Kathryn E Grant, Emma K Adam
When exposed to stressful life events, a significant number of adolescents will experience depressive symptoms. One model of depression suggests that individuals with a negative cognitive style are most vulnerable to depression following life stress. Alternatively, altered activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis may explain vulnerability to depression following life stress. Each of these models plausibly explains the emergence of depressive symptoms during adolescence and have been investigated largely independently...
December 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Scott A Jones, Angelica M Morales, Jessye B Lavine, Bonnie J Nagel
The adolescent brain undergoes significant structural and functional development. Through the use of magnetic resonance imaging in adolescents, it has been demonstrated that the prefrontal cortex, pertinent for executive control, demonstrates protracted development compared to limbic structures, active during emotion and reward processing. This asynchronous development creates a sensitive window during adolescence, in which many psychopathological disorders (i.e., mental health and substance use) emerge. This review outlines longitudinal studies that use magnetic resonance imaging to identify neurobiological predictors of emergent psychopathology (depression, anxiety, and substance use), during adolescence...
December 1, 2017: Birth Defects Research
Yaxuan Ren, Xu Zhang, Jianing You, Yongqiang Jiang, Min-Pei Lin, Freedom Leung
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a developmental period associated with a heightened risk for suicidal ideation. During this phase of life, individuals tend to focus on both intrapersonal self and interpersonal relationships. Thus, it is of much significance to understand the roles of intrapersonal and interpersonal factors in the development of suicidal ideation among adolescents. The present study examined the reciprocal associations between identity disturbance, relationship disturbance, and suicidal ideation by using a three-wave cross-lag model in a sample of adolescents...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yarden Mendelson, Eytan Bachar, Aaron Cherniak, Rena Cooper-Kazaz
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the long-term effects of different traumatic environments on adolescents. Environments were characterized by different threats that varied in predictability, duration, and the extent to which the threat can be defended against. The research examined: 1) Jerusalem during the Second Intifada (2001-2004), 2) Israel's northern cities during the Second Lebanon War (2006), and 3) cities that suffered neither the suicide bombings (that occurred in Jerusalem) nor the rocket bombardments (that occurred in the north)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
David Cordova, Justin Heinze, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Ritesh Mistry, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Stephanie H Cook, Marc A Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: To examine trajectories of adolescent psychosocial risk-drug use, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and violence victimization and observation-and the longitudinal relationship between psychosocial risk trajectories during adolescence and HIV risk behaviors in adulthood. METHODS: The eighteen-year longitudinal study was conducted from September 1994 through May 2013, in Michigan. Eight-hundred and fifty predominantly (80%) African American adolescents completed demographics and measures of drug use, depressive and anxiety symptoms, violence victimization and observation at Times 1-4, sexual risk behaviors at Times 5 and 6, and social conditions (i...
December 12, 2017: AIDS
Linda P Juang, Yang Hou, Sara Douglass Bayless, Su Yeong Kim
The purpose of this study was to examine time-varying associations of parent-adolescent cultural conflict with depressive symptoms and grade point average (GPA) among Chinese Americans from ages 11-22. We pooled two independently collected longitudinal data sets (N = 760 at Wave 1) and used time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) to show that the frequency of parent-adolescent conflict increased during early adolescence (12 years), peaked at mid adolescence (16 years), and gradually decreased throughout late adolescence and young adulthood...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
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