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depression during adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920008/seven-year-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-borderline-pathology-is-as-unstable-as-depression-during-adolescence
#1
Christopher C Conway, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Borderline personality disorder (PD) historically is construed as an unremitting condition with poor prognosis. The present study takes a new approach to examining stability and change in borderline PD by explaining symptom expression in terms of an unchanging foundation-termed borderline proneness-on one hand, and transitory influences on the other. We monitored borderline PD symptoms annually in a large sample of high-risk adolescent girls (N = 2,450) from ages 14 to 20. Trait-state-occasion modeling revealed that just over half (52-57%) of borderline PD symptom variation was attributable to fixed borderline proneness, whereas the remainder was subject to change across yearly measurement occasions...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918440/interpersonal-sensitivity-and-persistent-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-adolescence
#2
Alice Masillo, M Brandizzi, L R Valmaggia, R Saba, N Lo Cascio, J F Lindau, L Telesforo, P Venturini, D Montanaro, D Di Pietro, M D'Alema, P Girardi, P Fiori Nastro
Interpersonal sensitivity defines feelings of inner-fragility in the presence of others due to the expectation of criticism or rejection. Interpersonal sensitivity was found to be related to attenuated positive psychotic symptom during the prodromal phase of psychosis. The aims of this study were to examine if high level of interpersonal sensitivity at baseline are associated with the persistence of attenuated positive psychotic symptoms and general psychopathology at 18-month follow-up. A sample of 85 help-seeking individuals (mean age = 16...
September 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915403/highs-and-lows-naturalistic-changes-in-mood-and-everyday-hassles-over-school-and-vacation-periods-in-adolescents
#3
Sumedha Verma, Nicholas B Allen, John Trinder, Bei Bei
This study investigated changes in adolescents' mood and everyday hassles across school-terms and vacation periods. 146 (52.7% female) community-dwelling adolescents aged 16.2 ± 1.0 years (M±SD) completed self-report measures on depression, anxiety, and everyday hassles at four time points: during a school vacation, and the start, middle, and end of school-terms. Latent growth modeling showed that the end of a school-term was associated with significantly higher symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hassles; these measures were lower during the vacation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911874/childhood-adversity-predicts-reduced-physiological-flexibility-during-the-processing-of-negative-affect-among-adolescents-with-major-depression-histories
#4
Shimrit Daches, Maria Kovacs, Charles George, Ilya Yaroslavsky, Eniko Kiss, Agnes Vetro, Roberta Dochnal, István Benak, Ildikó Baji, Kitti Halas, Attila Makai, Krisztina Kapornai, Jonathan Rottenberg
BACKGROUND: Adversity during early development has been shown to have enduring negative physiological consequences. In turn, atypical physiological functioning has been associated with maladaptive processing of negative affect, including its regulation. The present study therefore explored whether exposure to adverse life events in childhood predicted maladaptive (less flexible) parasympathetic nervous system functioning during the processing of negative affect among adolescents with depression histories...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905691/from-family-violence-exposure-to-violent-offending-examining-effects-of-race-and-mental-health-in-a-moderated-mediation-model-among-confined-male-juveniles
#5
Rebecca L Fix, Apryl A Alexander, Barry R Burkhart
Depression, substance use, and impulsivity have been linked to family violence exposure and to the development of violent offending during adolescence. Additionally, the indirect effects associated with these factors may not generalize across different racial/ethnic adolescent populations. The present study tested whether race/ethnicity moderated the mediated relationship between family violence exposure and violent offending, with depression, substance use, and impulsivity as mediators. A sample of 1,359 male adolescents was obtained from a juvenile correctional program...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900686/changes-in-marijuana-use-symptoms-and-emotional-functioning-over-28-days-of-monitored-abstinence-in-adolescent-marijuana-users
#6
Joanna Jacobus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Silvia Escobar, Benjamin M McKenna, Margie Mejia Hernandez, Kara S Bagot, Charles T Taylor, Marilyn A Huestis
RATIONALE: Advancing marijuana prevention and intervention efforts are important given the decreasing perception of harm among adolescents and increasing marijuana legalization. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates how a monitored abstinence protocol may contribute to emotional functioning and changes in marijuana problems that can enhance successful outcomes for non-treatment-seeking adolescent marijuana users. METHODS: Adolescent marijuana users (n = 26) and demographically matched controls (n = 30) completed 28 days of monitored abstinence confirmed by biweekly urine toxicology...
September 12, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900387/social-isolation-in-early-versus-late-adolescent-mice-is-associated-with-persistent-behavioral-deficits-that-can-be-improved-by-neurosteroid-based-treatment
#7
Andrea Locci, Philippe Geoffroy, Michel Miesch, Ayikoe-Guy Mensah-Nyagan, Graziano Pinna
Early trauma and stress exposure during a critical period of life may increase the risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. The first-choice treatment for MDD and PTSD are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants. Unfortunately, half of MDD and PTSD patients show resistance to the therapeutic effects of these drugs and more efficient treatments are essential. Both MDD and PTSD patients present reduced levels of allopregnanolone (Allo), a potent endogenous positive allosteric modulator of GABA action at GABAA receptors which are normalized by SSRIs in treatment responders...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890942/hyperactivation-in-cognitive-control-and-visual-attention-brain-regions-during-emotional-interference-in-adolescent-depression
#8
Natalie L Colich, Tiffany C Ho, Lara C Foland-Ross, Caitlin Eggleston, Sarah J Ordaz, Manpreet K Singh, Ian H Gotlib
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are characterized by biases in attention to negative emotional material. While there is evidence that anomalous functioning in frontocingulate regions may underlie these biases, we know little about the neural correlates of negative emotional biases in depressed adolescents. METHODS: Eighteen adolescents diagnosed with MDD and 21 matched healthy control (CTL) adolescents underwent fMRI while performing an emotional distractor task...
July 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888919/patterns-of-perinatal-depression-and-stress-in-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#9
Rosamar Torres, Deepika Goyal, Amanda C Burke-Aaronson, Caryl L Gay, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare symptoms of depression, maternal adjustment, and perceived stress in late adolescent and young adult mothers and to examine the patterns of these symptoms during the first 3 months after birth. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of extant longitudinal data. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, with participants in their home environments. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnically diverse women expecting their first infants recruited during the third trimester from childbirth education classes and antenatal clinics...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885425/reducing-pain-during-intrauterine-device-insertion-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adolescents-and-young-women
#10
Aletha Y Akers, Caren Steinway, Sarita Sonalkar, Lisa K Perriera, Courtney Schreiber, Jennifer Harding, J Felipe Garcia-Espana
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a 1% lidocaine paracervical nerve block on pain during intrauterine device (IUD) insertion compared with a sham block in adolescents and young women. METHODS: We conducted a multisite, single-blind, sham-controlled randomized trial in adolescents and young women having a 13.5-mg levonorgestrel IUD inserted. Enrollment occurred at three family planning clinics in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eligible adolescents and young women were aged 14-22 years, nulliparous, not currently or recently pregnant, and English-speaking...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884932/the-relationship-between-depression-and-chronotype-a-longitudinal-assessment-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#11
Dustin A Haraden, Benjamin C Mullin, Benjamin L Hankin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: During adolescence, chronotype shifts toward "eveningness." "Eveningness" is related to negative physical and mental health outcomes. Little is known about what influences the shift in chronotype beyond pubertal status. The current study examined the influence of earlier depression predicting later individual differences in adolescent chronotype, accounting for pubertal status, and the prospective prediction of later increases in depression from earlier chronotype...
September 8, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884421/assessing-responsiveness-over-time-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-symptom-and-function-measures-in-cancer-nephrotic-syndrome-and-sickle-cell-disease
#12
Bryce B Reeve, Lloyd J Edwards, Byron C Jaeger, Pamela S Hinds, Carlton Dampier, Debbie S Gipson, David T Selewski, Jonathan P Troost, David Thissen, Vaughn Barry, Heather E Gross, Darren A DeWalt
PURPOSE: Previous studies provided evidence for the validity of the PROMIS Pediatric measures in cross-sectional studies. This study evaluated the ability of the PROMIS Pediatric measures to detect change over time in children and adolescents with cancer, nephrotic syndrome (NS), or sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: Participants (8-17 years) completed measures of fatigue, pain interference, anger, anxiety, depressive symptoms, mobility, upper extremity, and peer relationships at three or four time points (T1-T4)...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876527/developmental-trajectories-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence-and-intrapersonal-interpersonal-risk-factors
#13
Biyao Wang, Jianing You, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu, Freedom Leung
This 3-wave study investigated the developmental trajectories of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and intrapersonal/interpersonal risk factors among 3,381 Chinese adolescents (56.2% females) aged from 13 to 17 years during a 1-year period. Using an accelerated longitudinal design and latent class growth analysis, we identified four subgroups of NSSI trajectories: negligible (74.6%), experimental (12.8%), moderate decreasing (10.8%), and high fluctuating (1.9%). Adolescents reporting both intrapersonal (i.e., impulsive behaviors and depression) and interpersonal (i...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875887/the-spectrum-and-outcome-of-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-has-not-changed-over-the-last-two-decades
#14
J J P Buitendag, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective review of a prospectively entered and maintained hybrid electronic trauma registry was intended to develop a comprehensive overview of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents and to compare it with previous audits from our local environment and from other developing world centres. All TBI patients admitted to hospital were included in this study. We reviewed the age, gender, outcomes, radiological findings and treatment of the patients. METHODS: All patients aged ≤18 years old who were admitted by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI between December 2012 and December 2016 were included in this audit...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872268/risk-of-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#15
Mu-Hong Chen, Tai-Long Pan, Wen-Hsuan Lan, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Han-Ting Wei, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ya-Mei Bai
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported a high prevalence of depression among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggested a relationship between ASD and suicidality. However, whether ASD independently increases the risk of attempted suicide regardless of depression has not been determined. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5,618 adolescents aged 12-17 years and young adults aged 18-29 years with ASD (ICD-9-CM code: 299) and 22,472 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2001 and 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#16
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867895/estrous-cycle-phase-dependent-changes-in-anxiety-and-depression-like-profiles-in-the-late-adolescent-wistar-kyoto-rat
#17
Deepthi D'Souza, Monika Sadananda
BACKGROUND: Depression often manifests during adolescence when the development and networking of social and emotional brain areas is being influenced by hormones. The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat has been proposed as an animal model of adolescent depression with various face, construct, and predictive validities for clinical depression having been established. PURPOSE: The influence of the estrous cycle on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in female adolescents may be tested out further using this model...
July 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867351/body-mass-index-z-scores-and-weight-status-predict-conduct-disorder-symptoms-in-adolescents
#18
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to examine whether baseline body mass index (BMI) z-scores and weight status predicted conduct disorder (CD) symptoms in 368 adolescents (15-17 years). METHODS: Participants in the 10th and 11th grades completed self-report questionnaires at baseline and at a 2-year follow-up. Baseline BMI z-scores and weight status were derived from self-reports of height and weight. CD symptoms were assessed using a symptom checklist. Covariates included baseline demographics, depressive symptoms, alcohol consumption, drug use, and a retrospective report of CD symptoms before age 15 years...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858008/school-start-time-effects-on-adolescent-learning-and-academic-performance-emotional-health-and-behaviour
#19
Kyla L Wahlstrom, Judith A Owens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The investigation of the relationship between the time of day that school begins and the effects it could have on students began in the mid-1990s. Since that time, many articles have been written either for the medical literature or the educational literature. This review is intended to bridge that gap by examining together the findings for both academic and health outcomes, exploring what we know and what is needed in further investigation. RECENT FINDINGS: Teens who are sleep deficient (defined as obtaining less than 8 h per night) because of early starting time for their school are much more likely to engage in risky behaviours, such as drug, cigarette and alcohol use, have significant feelings of depression, get lower grades and are at greater risk for car crashes...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852901/self-competence-and-depressive-symptom-trajectories-during-adolescence
#20
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-competence and subsequent depressive symptom trajectories, by gender, in a community sample of adolescents (N = 753; 53% female; 65% non-Hispanic White). Data were collected annually for three years beginning when adolescents were in the 10th and 11th grades (Age: M = 16.09, SD = 0.72 years). Adolescents provided self-reports of self-competence at baseline and depressive symptoms every year. In latent growth curve models examining the overall trajectory of depressive symptoms, higher global self-worth and self-competence in close friendships were significantly associated with greater decreases in depressive symptoms (ps < 0...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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