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pediatric tooth pulp

Maryam Paknahad, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Fatemeh Ahmadi Zeydabadi
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the level of sexual dimorphism in deciduous dentition is relatively lower than that in permanent dentition. However, in sub adult skeletal remains whose osseous morphological traits of the sex have not defined yet, predicting sex on the basis of odontometric features may be the most precise technique. The aim of the present study was to assess the degree of sexual dimorphism in marginal enamel, dentin and pulp dimensions of second molar deciduous teeth in a pediatric population...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Luigi Paglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Gianna Peralta, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Angie Parham, Laura Edison, Lauren Lorentzson, Carol Smith, Cherie Drenzek
On September 13, 2015, the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) was notified by hospital A of a cluster of pediatric Mycobacterium abscessus odontogenic infections. Hospital A had provided care for nine children who developed presumptive or confirmed M. abscessus infection after having a pulpotomy at pediatric dentistry practice A (dates of onset: July 23, 2014-September 4, 2015). During a pulpotomy procedure, decay and the diseased pulp are removed to preserve a deciduous tooth. DPH initiated an investigation to identify the outbreak source and recommend prevention and control measures...
April 8, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
James Coll, N Sue Seale, Kaaren Vargas, Donald L Chi, Abdullah A Marghalani, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: The purpose of this protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of primary tooth vital pulp therapy is to describe the reasoning and need for the review, the objectives of the review, and the methodology that will be used to analyse data from the included studies. Publication of a systematic review protocol also helps establish and maintain transparency of the process and accountability for the stated methods and outcomes sought. METHODS: This protocol adheres to PRISMA-P standards for protocol reporting...
September 2015: Pediatric Dentistry
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Khlood K Baghlaf, Eman A Elashiry, Najat M Farsi, Douaa A El Derwi, Amr M Bayoumi
OBJECTIVE: The technique of local anesthetic administration is an important consideration in the behavior guidance of a pediatric patient. The study hypothesized that there is no difference in the pain effectiveness in the experimental subjects with the use of single tooth anesthesia and the controls with the use of conventional technique (traditional inferior alveolar nerve block [IANB]).The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthesia effectiveness of traditional IANB; IANB using a computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery system (CCLAD); and intraligamental anesthesia (ILA) using CCLAD in pulpotomy of the primary mandibular second molars...
March 2016: Quintessence International
S Madhu
Stainless steel crowns (SSC) are extensively used in child patients. They are mainly used following the pulp therapy in deciduous teeth. They are also used in multi-surface restoration, as an abutment in space maintainers, correction of anterior tooth cross bite, restoration of hypoplasic teeth, etc. In permanent teeth, they are mainly used as interim restorations following root canal treatment in first molars prior to the eruption of permanent second molars. The main advantage of SSC is its limited chair side time, durability and ease of placement...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
R Verma, D S Sharma, A K Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Management of abscessed primary teeth often present endodontic failure owing to questioned efficiency of dressings or obturating pastes to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis, a resistant bacterium, residing in depth of dentinal tubules. The present study evaluates the antimicrobial efficacy of two antibacterial and two obturating pastes in dentinal tubules of primary teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis using viability stain and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Vidya Chandran, Varghese Chacko, G Sivadas
This report presents the case of a 10-year-old patient with a nonvital young permanent tooth which was managed by pulp revascularization. Following disinfection of the canal by irrigation with NaOCl and use of a triantibiotic paste, a scaffold was created by inducing the formation of a blood clot within the canal. At the subsequent follow-up visits, the patient was asymptomatic, with normal response to percussion, normal periodontal probing depths, and no abnormal mobility. The radiographs showed evidence of continued apical root development with increase in root length, signs of apical closure and increase in thickness of dentinal walls...
September 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Biswaroop Chandra, Monalisa Das
Central accessory cusp in primary molars is an extremely rare condition which is due to abnormal proliferation and folding of inner enamel epithelium during morphodifferentiation stage of tooth development. The extension of the pulp in the cuspal area is often the reason for early involvement of pulp by the caries process. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment planning is necessary to maintain the integrity of primary dental arch. This article reports such a case of central accessory cusps involving maxillary second primary molars...
September 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mfl Freitas, Jm Santos, A Fuks, Acb Bezerra, Tdpl Azevedo
UNLABELLED: Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) is an effective treatment approach with increasing acceptance among dental professionals. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the MID impact on Dentistry by analyzing procedures performed on patients treated at a Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Program clinic which implemented MID. STUDY DESIGN: The number of procedures including sealants, modified atraumatic restorative treatment (mART), resin crowns, direct pulp capping, pulpotomy, pulpectomy, and deciduous/ permanent extractions from 333 pediatric patients treated between the years 2001 to 2003 and 2008 to 2010 in Distrito Federal, Brazil were analyzed...
2014: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ankush Ramnarayan Boob, M Manjula, E Rajendra Reddy, N Srilaxmi, Tabitha Rani
BACKGROUND: Many chemomechanical caries removal (CMCR) agents have been introduced and marketed since 1970s, with each new one being better and effective than the previously introduced. Papacarie and Carisolv are new systems in the field of CMCR techniques. These are reportedly minimally invasive methods of removing carious dentin while preserving sound dentin. AIM: To compare the Efficiency (time taken for caries removal) and effectiveness (Knoop hardness number of the remaining dentin) of caries removal by three minimally invasive methods, i...
January 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rahul Mishra, Tayyeb Sultan Khan
The present case report is of trauma episode of the lower anterior teeth, causing pulpal necrosis with periradicular periodontitis, resulting in the occurrence of cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula). Previous misdiagnosis and inappropriate medical treatment were ineffective. Only when properly referred to dentists, the differential diagnosis was made. The guideline to diagnose cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula) is based mainly on accurate pulp sensitivity tests of the involved traumatized teeth. Intraoral and dental examinations are critical in making the diagnosis...
September 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Pallavi Vashisth, Swati Dwivedi, Satyaki Arora, Sandeep Mayall
Taurodontism describes the tendency for the body of the tooth to enlarge at the expense of the roots. An enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the cementoenamel junction are the characteristic features. These anatomic variations may hinder location of canal orifices, complete removal of pulp, proper instrumentation and obturation. Importance of radiographic interpretation for the diagnosis of this alteration cannot be overlooked. This article describes a case of multiple bilateral taurodontism involving all the deciduous molars in a 3½ year old female...
May 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Akhilesh Sharma, Amitha M Hegde
Luxational injuries to the permanent anterior teeth in children are a cause of concern. Palatal luxation of maxillary left central incisor with bleeding of gingival sulcus and fracture of maxillary right central incisor involving enamel and dentine in a 9-year- old girl is presented. The dental occlusion was deranged due to the luxation. Management consisted of repositioning of the luxated tooth using tongue blade under local anesthesia and composite build up of the fractured incisor. Tooth was stable in position with intact occlusion and no loss of vitality of pulp with a follow-up of 2 years...
September 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Narendra Shriram Sharma, Sunita S Shrivastav, Pushpa V Hazarey
UNLABELLED: Crowding and irregularity remain a consistent problem for children. Management of space problems continues to play an important role in a dental practice. It also represents an area of major interaction between the primary provider and the specialists. Proximal stripping is routinely carried out to avoid extraction in borderline cases where space discrepancy is less and in cases where there is a discrepancy between the mesio- distal width of maxillary and mandibular teeth to satisfy Bolton ratio...
May 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rakesh N Bahadure, Nilima Thosar, Eesha S Jain
The talon cusp is a relatively rare dental developmental anomaly characterized by cusp-like projections, usually observed on the lingual surface of the affected tooth. Normal enamel covers the cusp and fuses with the lingual aspect of the tooth. The cusp may or may not contain an extension of the pulp. The condition can occur in both the primary and permanent dentitions. However, the occurrence of anomalous cusp is rather infrequent in the primary dentition. Little data is available about the treatment of talon cusps in the primary dentition as compared with the permanent dentition...
May 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
N Ratnakumari, Bijimol Thomas
Preventive measures have helped to minimize the occurrence of dental caries. However, premature loss of primary teeth on account of dental caries still remains a common problem among children. The pulpotomy technique has been the choice for treating vital primary and young permanent teeth with carious, mechanical and traumatic pulp exposures. The ideal pulpotomy medicament should be bioinductive or at least biocompatible, bactericidal and harmless to the pulp and surrounding structures. It should also promote healing of the radicular pulp and prevent bacterial microleakage with the least interference in the physiological process of root resorption...
January 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Giselle de Sant'Anna
Conservation of deciduous teeth with pulp alterations caused by caries or trauma is a major therapeutic challenge in pediatric dentistry. It is essential that the sanitizers used in root canal procedures perform well in eliminating bacteria. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging and promising adjuvant therapy for endodontic treatment in an attempt to eliminate microorganisms persistent after chemomechanical preparation. This paper reports the case of a five-year-old male with type I diabetes mellitus, presenting the need for pulp therapy in maxillary primary left central incisor due to injury...
2014: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Katsura Saeki, Yuko Fujita, Yasuhiro Shiono, Yasuhiro Morimoto, Kenshi Maki
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a material that has been used worldwide in several clinical applications, such as apical barriers in teeth with immature apices, repair of root perforations, root-end filling, pulp capping, and pulpotomy. The purpose of this case report was to describe successful revascularization treatment of an immature mandibular right second premolar with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old female patient. After preparing an access cavity without anesthesia, the tooth was isolated using a rubber dam and accessed...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
Thaisa Cezária Triches, Luciene Cristina de Figueiredo, Magda Feres, Sérgio Fernando Torres de Freitas, Gláucia Santos Zimmermann, Mabel Mariela Rodríguez Cordeiro
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the microbial content of root canals of human primary teeth with pulp necrosis and periradicular lesion. METHODS: Microbial samples were collected from 24 canals of children treated at a pediatric dentistry clinic. Microbiological identification was performed using checker-board DNA-DNA hybridization for 40 different bacteria. Data were analyzed per canal based on the mean count and frequency of each bacterial species...
January 2014: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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