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pediatric tooth pulp

Reshma K Pai, Sham S Bhat, Afreen Salman, Sundeep Hegde
AIM: To determine polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based blood group on tooth pulp obtained from teeth stored for 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year following extraction and to evaluate the stability of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in primary tooth subjected to a temperature of 200°C ± 5°C for 15 minutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental pulp tissue was collected from 40 exfoliated primary teeth stored for various time durations and temperature and preserved at 4°C till DNA extraction was carried out...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Mahshid Majlessi Koopaeei, Marita R Inglehart, Neville McDonald, Margherita Fontana
BACKGROUND: There is a large variation among clinicians when managing deep carious lesions (DCLs). The purpose of this study was to assess general dentists' (GDs), pediatric dentists' (PDs), and endodontists' (EDs) diagnostic methods, clinical decision-making considerations, treatment strategies, and knowledge, behavior, and attitudes related to the diagnosis and treatment of DCLs. METHODS: A total of 175 GDs, 511 PDs, and 377 EDs responded to a nationwide Web-based survey...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Brinda Godhi, Rishi Tyagi
INTRODUCTION: Vital pulp therapy is a major contributor in the preservation of primary dentition after caries affliction. Introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized such treatment. AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate and correlate the effects of MTA clinically and radiographically on pulpotomized primary molars till their exfoliation or extraction followed by histological evaluation. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational study...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Parimala Kulkarni, Ayushi Anand, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Suchi Agrawal
CONTEXT: The use of liquid medicinal syrups in childhood is high owing to the reasons that children suffer from illness quite often. The acidic component in the formulations may cause erosion to the dental tissues. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the erosive potential of pediatric liquid medicinal syrups on the deciduous teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of sixty extracted/exfoliated noncarious deciduous molars were used. Four medical syrups were used (viz...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Saumya Navit, Neha Jaiswal, Suleman Abbas Khan, Seema Malhotra, Anshul Sharma, Mukesh, Seema Jabeen, Gaurav Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Preservation of primary tooth with non-vital pulp has been a major problem for pediatric dentist. In such cases, the preferred treatment modality is pulpectomy. The objective of pulpectomy is complete removal of necrotic and irreversibly infected pulp of an affected tooth but, in spite of chemomechanical preparation and copious irrigation of canal, there are chances of failure of pulp therapy due to the entrapped micro organisms in the canal space owing to the tortuous and complex nature of the root canal system and change in their morphology with root resorption...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Maryam Paknahad, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Fatemeh Ahmadi Zeydabadi
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the level of sexual dimorphism in deciduous dentition is relatively lower than that in permanent dentition. However, in sub adult skeletal remains whose osseous morphological traits of the sex have not defined yet, predicting sex on the basis of odontometric features may be the most precise technique. The aim of the present study was to assess the degree of sexual dimorphism in marginal enamel, dentin and pulp dimensions of second molar deciduous teeth in a pediatric population...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Luigi Paglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Gianna Peralta, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Angie Parham, Laura Edison, Lauren Lorentzson, Carol Smith, Cherie Drenzek
On September 13, 2015, the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) was notified by hospital A of a cluster of pediatric Mycobacterium abscessus odontogenic infections. Hospital A had provided care for nine children who developed presumptive or confirmed M. abscessus infection after having a pulpotomy at pediatric dentistry practice A (dates of onset: July 23, 2014-September 4, 2015). During a pulpotomy procedure, decay and the diseased pulp are removed to preserve a deciduous tooth. DPH initiated an investigation to identify the outbreak source and recommend prevention and control measures...
April 8, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
James Coll, N Sue Seale, Kaaren Vargas, Donald L Chi, Abdullah A Marghalani, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: The purpose of this protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of primary tooth vital pulp therapy is to describe the reasoning and need for the review, the objectives of the review, and the methodology that will be used to analyse data from the included studies. Publication of a systematic review protocol also helps establish and maintain transparency of the process and accountability for the stated methods and outcomes sought. METHODS: This protocol adheres to PRISMA-P standards for protocol reporting...
September 2015: Pediatric Dentistry
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Khlood K Baghlaf, Eman A Elashiry, Najat M Farsi, Douaa A El Derwi, Amr M Bayoumi
OBJECTIVE: The technique of local anesthetic administration is an important consideration in the behavior guidance of a pediatric patient. The study hypothesized that there is no difference in the pain effectiveness in the experimental subjects with the use of single tooth anesthesia and the controls with the use of conventional technique (traditional inferior alveolar nerve block [IANB]).The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthesia effectiveness of traditional IANB; IANB using a computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery system (CCLAD); and intraligamental anesthesia (ILA) using CCLAD in pulpotomy of the primary mandibular second molars...
March 2016: Quintessence International
S Madhu
Stainless steel crowns (SSC) are extensively used in child patients. They are mainly used following the pulp therapy in deciduous teeth. They are also used in multi-surface restoration, as an abutment in space maintainers, correction of anterior tooth cross bite, restoration of hypoplasic teeth, etc. In permanent teeth, they are mainly used as interim restorations following root canal treatment in first molars prior to the eruption of permanent second molars. The main advantage of SSC is its limited chair side time, durability and ease of placement...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
R Verma, D S Sharma, A K Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Management of abscessed primary teeth often present endodontic failure owing to questioned efficiency of dressings or obturating pastes to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis, a resistant bacterium, residing in depth of dentinal tubules. The present study evaluates the antimicrobial efficacy of two antibacterial and two obturating pastes in dentinal tubules of primary teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis using viability stain and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Vidya Chandran, Varghese Chacko, G Sivadas
This report presents the case of a 10-year-old patient with a nonvital young permanent tooth which was managed by pulp revascularization. Following disinfection of the canal by irrigation with NaOCl and use of a triantibiotic paste, a scaffold was created by inducing the formation of a blood clot within the canal. At the subsequent follow-up visits, the patient was asymptomatic, with normal response to percussion, normal periodontal probing depths, and no abnormal mobility. The radiographs showed evidence of continued apical root development with increase in root length, signs of apical closure and increase in thickness of dentinal walls...
September 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Biswaroop Chandra, Monalisa Das
Central accessory cusp in primary molars is an extremely rare condition which is due to abnormal proliferation and folding of inner enamel epithelium during morphodifferentiation stage of tooth development. The extension of the pulp in the cuspal area is often the reason for early involvement of pulp by the caries process. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment planning is necessary to maintain the integrity of primary dental arch. This article reports such a case of central accessory cusps involving maxillary second primary molars...
September 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mfl Freitas, Jm Santos, A Fuks, Acb Bezerra, Tdpl Azevedo
UNLABELLED: Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) is an effective treatment approach with increasing acceptance among dental professionals. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the MID impact on Dentistry by analyzing procedures performed on patients treated at a Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Program clinic which implemented MID. STUDY DESIGN: The number of procedures including sealants, modified atraumatic restorative treatment (mART), resin crowns, direct pulp capping, pulpotomy, pulpectomy, and deciduous/ permanent extractions from 333 pediatric patients treated between the years 2001 to 2003 and 2008 to 2010 in Distrito Federal, Brazil were analyzed...
2014: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ankush Ramnarayan Boob, M Manjula, E Rajendra Reddy, N Srilaxmi, Tabitha Rani
BACKGROUND: Many chemomechanical caries removal (CMCR) agents have been introduced and marketed since 1970s, with each new one being better and effective than the previously introduced. Papacarie and Carisolv are new systems in the field of CMCR techniques. These are reportedly minimally invasive methods of removing carious dentin while preserving sound dentin. AIM: To compare the Efficiency (time taken for caries removal) and effectiveness (Knoop hardness number of the remaining dentin) of caries removal by three minimally invasive methods, i...
January 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rahul Mishra, Tayyeb Sultan Khan
The present case report is of trauma episode of the lower anterior teeth, causing pulpal necrosis with periradicular periodontitis, resulting in the occurrence of cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula). Previous misdiagnosis and inappropriate medical treatment were ineffective. Only when properly referred to dentists, the differential diagnosis was made. The guideline to diagnose cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula) is based mainly on accurate pulp sensitivity tests of the involved traumatized teeth. Intraoral and dental examinations are critical in making the diagnosis...
September 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Pallavi Vashisth, Swati Dwivedi, Satyaki Arora, Sandeep Mayall
Taurodontism describes the tendency for the body of the tooth to enlarge at the expense of the roots. An enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the cementoenamel junction are the characteristic features. These anatomic variations may hinder location of canal orifices, complete removal of pulp, proper instrumentation and obturation. Importance of radiographic interpretation for the diagnosis of this alteration cannot be overlooked. This article describes a case of multiple bilateral taurodontism involving all the deciduous molars in a 3½ year old female...
May 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Akhilesh Sharma, Amitha M Hegde
Luxational injuries to the permanent anterior teeth in children are a cause of concern. Palatal luxation of maxillary left central incisor with bleeding of gingival sulcus and fracture of maxillary right central incisor involving enamel and dentine in a 9-year- old girl is presented. The dental occlusion was deranged due to the luxation. Management consisted of repositioning of the luxated tooth using tongue blade under local anesthesia and composite build up of the fractured incisor. Tooth was stable in position with intact occlusion and no loss of vitality of pulp with a follow-up of 2 years...
September 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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