keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sexuallity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332235/do-diary-studies-cause-behavior-change-an-examination-of-reactivity-in-sexual-risk-and-substance-use-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are frequently used for observing sexual and substance use behaviors, but participating in diary studies may cause behavior change. This study examined change in sexual and substance use behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in a two-month diary study compared to control. An analytic sample of 324 YMSM was randomized to receive daily diaries, weekly diaries, or no diaries (control) for 2 months. Half of the diary participants were randomized to receive automated weekly feedback...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332013/patterns-and-predictors-of-disclosure-of-hiv-positive-status-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-ibadan-nigeria
#2
Adesola Olumide, Eme Owoaje
Background Information on disclosure of HIV status among youth is sparse in spite of the fact that they bear a significant burden of the HIV epidemic. Our objective was to determine the predictors of HIV disclosure among youth aged 18-35 years in Ibadan, Nigeria. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among youth with HIV attending two HIV support groups and one ARV clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria. Information was obtained with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive and analytic statistics were conducted...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331756/-you-re-repulsive-limits-to-acceptable-drunken-comportment-for-young-adults
#3
Sarah MacLean, Amy Pennay, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Researchers have described a 'culture of intoxication' among young people. Yet drunkenness remains a socially risky practice with potential to evoke emotions of irritation and even disgust. We consider intoxicated practices that young adults in Melbourne, Australia, described as distasteful, to identify contemporary cultural forces that constrain intoxication and limit how it is enacted. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 60 participants in Melbourne, Australia, each with recent drinking experience...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#4
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331623/male-sexual-dysfunction-and-hypogonadism-guidelines-for-the-aging-male
#5
Kamran Ahmed, Kostas Hatzimouratidis, Asif Muneer
Cognitive and somatiform changes occur with ageing and are often attributed to late-onset hypogonadism. Testosterone replacement in older men remains controversial despite increasing evidence of symptomatic and clinical benefit in relation to improvements in sexual dysfunction, muscle mass, and diabetic control. The controversial areas related to cardiovascular safety and risk of prostate cancer need to be considered.
January 10, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331504/a-systematic-review-of-health-care-provider-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-routine-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-settings-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#6
Kelly Tan, Beth Perry Black
Despite efforts to improve HIV screening and testing, many primary care settings do not follow established guidelines. The purpose of our systematic review was to describe health care providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to testing for HIV at poorly used/novel testing sites in the southeastern United States. PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies of providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing from January 2016 to April 2017 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331440/the-effect-of-bilateral-eye-movements-versus-no-eye-movements-on-sexual-fantasies
#7
Ross M Bartels, Leigh Harkins, Samantha C Harrison, Nikki Beard, Anthony R Beech
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bilateral eye-movements (EMs) and visual mental imagery both require working memory resources. When performed together, they compete for these resources, which can cause various forms of mental imagery to become impaired (e.g., less vivid). This study aimed to examine whether EMs impair sexual fantasies (a form of mental imagery) in the same manner. METHODS: Eighty undergraduates (40 males, 40 females) took part in four counterbalanced conditions: (1) EMs and an experience-based sexual fantasy; (2) EMs and an imagination-based sexual fantasy; (3) experience-based sexual fantasy only; and (4) imagination-based sexual fantasy only...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331353/mechanisms-of-sex-differences-in-fear-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Teniel Sonya Ramikie, Kerry James Ressler
Following sexual maturity, females disproportionately have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and experience greater symptom severity and chronicity as compared with males. This observation has led many to examine sex differences in PTSD risk factors. Though relatively few, these studies reveal that the root causes of PTSD sex differences are complex, and partly represent interactions between sex-specific nonbiological and biological risk factors, which differentially shape PTSD vulnerability...
November 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331230/lower-limb-articular-scaling-and-body-mass-estimation-in-pliocene-and-pleistocene-hominins
#9
Christopher B Ruff, M Loring Burgess, Nicole Squyres, Juho-Antti Junno, Erik Trinkaus
Previous attempts to estimate body mass in pre-Holocene hominins have relied on prediction equations derived from relatively limited extant samples. Here we derive new equations to predict body mass from femoral head breadth and proximal tibial plateau breadth based on a large and diverse sample of modern humans (avoiding the problems associated with using diaphyseal dimensions and/or cadaveric reference samples). In addition, an adjustment for the relatively small femoral heads of non-Homo taxa is developed based on observed differences in hip to knee joint scaling...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331019/cis-regulator-runaway-and-divergence-in-asexuals
#10
Frédéric Fyon, Thomas Lenormand
With the advent of new sequencing technologies, the evolution of gene expression is becoming a subject of intensive genomic research, with sparking debates upon the role played by these kinds of changes in adaptive evolution and speciation. In this paper, we model expression evolution in species differing by their reproductive systems. We consider different rates of sexual versus asexual reproduction and the different type of parthenogenesis (apomixis and the various modes of automixis). We show that competition for expression leads to two selective processes on cis-regulatory regions that act independently to organism-level adaptation...
January 13, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#11
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330774/a-collection-of-xy-female-cell-lines
#12
Fumio Kasai, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith
Discordance between sexual phenotype and the 46,XY sex chromosome complement may be found in certain disorders of sexual development (DSD). Many of these DSD patients with female external genitalia and secondary sex characteristics have undescended testes and male internal genitalia. Causative mutations involving genes of the sex determining pathway, including the androgen receptor, SRY and the 5-alpha-reductase genes, are well-known, but the origin of other cases remain unresolved. In this report, we introduce our collection of lymphoblastoid lines derived from female patients with a 46,XY karyotype...
January 12, 2018: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#13
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330483/neural-correlates-of-sexual-orientation-in-heterosexual-bisexual-and-homosexual-women
#14
Adam Safron, Victoria Klimaj, David Sylva, A M Rosenthal, Meng Li, Martin Walter, J Michael Bailey
We used fMRI to investigate neural correlates of responses to erotic pictures and videos in heterosexual (N = 26), bisexual (N = 26), and homosexual (N = 24) women, ages 25-50. We focused on the ventral striatum, an area of the brain associated with desire, extending previous findings from the sexual psychophysiology literature in which homosexual women had greater category specificity (relative to heterosexual and bisexual women) in their responses to male and female erotic stimuli. We found that homosexual women's subjective and neural responses reflected greater bias towards female stimuli, compared with bisexual and heterosexual women, whose responses did not significantly differ...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330348/weak-epistasis-may-drive-adaptation-in-recombining-bacteria
#15
Brian J Arnold, Michael U Gutmann, Yonatan H Grad, Samuel K Sheppard, Jukka Corander, Marc Lipsitch, William P Hanage
The impact of epistasis on the evolution of multilocus traits depends on recombination. While sexually-reproducing eukaryotes recombine so frequently that epistasis between polymorphisms is not considered to play a large role in short-term adaptation, many bacteria also recombine, some to the degree that their populations are described as 'panmictic' or 'freely recombining'. However, whether this recombination is sufficient to limit the ability of selection to act on epistatic contributions to fitness is unknown...
January 12, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330317/trna-production-links-nutrient-conditions-to-the-onset-of-sexual-differentiation-through-the-torc1-pathway
#16
Yoko Otsubo, Tomohiko Matsuo, Akiko Nishimura, Masayuki Yamamoto, Akira Yamashita
Target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase controls cell growth and metabolism in response to nutrient availability. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, TOR complex 1 (TORC1) promotes vegetative growth and inhibits sexual differentiation in the presence of ample nutrients. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of mutants with similar phenotypes as TORC1 mutants, in that they initiate sexual differentiation even in nutrient-rich conditions. In most mutants identified, TORC1 activity is downregulated and the mutated genes are involved in tRNA expression or modification...
January 12, 2018: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330171/historic-child-sexual-abuse-have-we-got-it-right
#17
EDITORIAL
Jacqueline Mok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330056/growth-scaling-for-the-early-dynamics-of-hiv-aids-epidemics-in-brazil-and-the-influence-of-socio-demographic-factors
#18
L Dinh, G Chowell, R Rothenberg
The early dynamics of an infectious disease outbreak can be affected by various factors including the transmission mode of the disease and host-specific factors. While recent works have highlighted the presence of sub-exponential growth patterns during the early phase of epidemics, empirical studies examining the contribution of different factors to early epidemic growth dynamics are lacking. Here we aim to characterize and explain the early incidence growth patterns of local HIV/AIDS epidemics in Brazil as a function of socio-demographic factors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Lezhou Wu, Randy L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#20
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
keyword
keyword
8966
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"