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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145645/waddlia-chondrophila-a-chlamydia-related-bacterium-has-a-negative-impact-on-human-spermatozoa
#1
D Baud, N Vulliemoz, A Ammerdorffer, J Gyger, G Greub, V Castella, M Stojanov
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of Waddlia chondrophila, an emerging Chlamydia-related bacterium associated with miscarriage, on human spermatozoa? SUMMARY ANSWER: W. chondrophila had a negative impact on human spermatozoa (decrease in viability and mitochondrial membrane potential) and was not entirely removed from infected samples by density gradient centrifugation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Bacterial infection or colonization might have a deleterious effect on male fertility...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#2
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145501/a-comparison-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-their-receipt-of-and-satisfaction-with-specialized-health-care-services
#3
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Sheila Macdonald, Anita Benoit, Tonia Forte
In Canada, Indigenous women are more likely than non-Indigenous women to be survivors of sexual assault and experience sexual assaults that are more serious in terms of physical injury and other health-related consequences. Despite their related needs for care and support, there is a paucity of research to date that has examined their uptake of specialized acute health services post sexual assault. To address this gap, we explored the presentation, sociodemographic, assailant, assault, and service use characteristics of Indigenous women, as compared to non-Indigenous adult and adolescent women aged 12 and older presenting to 30 of 35 hospital-based sexual assault treatment centres in Ontario from 2009 to 2011, using bivariate analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145209/methodological-issues-for-psychological-evaluation-across-the-lifespan-of-individuals-with-a-difference-disorder-of-sex-development
#4
Franco D'Alberton, Sofia Vissani, Chiara Ferracuti, Vickie Pasterski
The aim of the current report is to provide guidance relevant to psychological evaluation for healthcare providers and researchers working in the field of disorders of sexual development (DSD). In doing so, we give careful consideration to methodological issues and limitations that may influence the utility of investigations. For example, rarity and heterogeneity of DSD conditions restrict sample sizes when conducting evaluations aimed at establishing condition-specific psychological outcomes. At the same time, the potential for stigmatization by virtue of conducting psychological evaluations is particularly high given the fundamental contribution of sex and gender to one's sense of self and integrity...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145186/the-kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome
#5
Douglas J Lanska
In 1937, Heinrich Klüver and Paul Bucy described a dramatic behavioral syndrome in monkeys after bilateral temporal lobectomy. The full Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) - hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis, dietary changes, altered sexual behavior, and visual agnosia - is evident within 3 weeks following operation. Some KBS features (i.e., hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis) persist indefinitely, whereas others gradually resolve over several years. Klüver and Bucy were initially unaware of an earlier report of KBS by Sanger Brown and Edward Schäfer in 1888...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145185/hypersexuality-in-neurological-disorders-from-disinhibition-to-impulsivity
#6
M Béreau
Little is known about the neurological control of human sexual behavior. Investigating and measuring this behavior by using quantitative and objective methods is difficult. Insights from lesion studies contribute to analyze the effects of neurological disorders on human sexual behavior. In this chapter, we focus on frontal lobe lesions, brain injuries, epilepsia, dementia, and Parkinson disease to describe human sexual behavior disorders, in order to highlight cortical and subcortical brain regions and neural networks involved in human sexual behavior...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145040/pornography-headache
#7
Wei-Hsi Chen, Kuo Yen Chen, Hsin-Ling Yin
The headache associated with intercourse or masturbatory activity is a well-recognized clinical entity but pornography headache is barely mentioned. We report a young man who suffered preorgasmic headache pertaining only to pornography of specific erotic contents but not to other sexual or nonsexual act. An antecedent activation of sexual arousal and vasoconstriction during pain were found. Finally, oral indomethacin favorably prevented the pain. Therefore, pornography headache is a distinguished headache disorder distinct from other sexual-related headache disorders...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144988/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-enhances-melanoma-tumor-growth-via-differential-effect-on-m1-and-m2-polarized-macrophages-in-mouse-model
#8
Jae-Wook Lee, Sojin Park, Hae-Kyoung Han, Myung Chan Gye, Eun-Yi Moon
Phthalates are widely used as plasticizers that influence sexual and reproductive development. Here, we investigated whether di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) affects macrophage polarization that are associated with tumor initiation and progression. No changes were observed in LPS- or ConA-stimulated in vitro spleen B or T cell proliferation for 48 h, respectively. In contrast, macrophage functions were inhibited in response to DEHP for 12 h as judged by LPS-induced H2O2 and NO production and zymosan A-mediated phagocytosis...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144908/re-prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-men-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#9
Edward M Schaeffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144882/adult-children-of-gay-fathers-parent-child-relationship-quality-and-mental-health
#10
Samantha L Tornello, Charlotte J Patterson
According to family systems theory, parent-child relationships are an important aspect of individual well-being. This study explored associations among parental disclosure, parent-child relationships, and well-being among 84 adult children with gay fathers. We explored associations between the adult children's well-being and the children's ages at sexual orientation disclosure, geographic distance, relationship quality and closeness with their fathers. We found that when parental disclosure had occurred earlier in the adult child's life, participants reported feeling closer to fathers in adulthood...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144855/pain-intensity-and-sexual-functioning-in-men-with-genital-pain-the-mediation-role-of-sexually-related-thoughts
#11
Raquel Pereira, Cátia M Oliveira, Pedro J Nobre
The comorbidity between male genital pain and sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent. Previous studies have indicated that men with genital pain share some cognitive characteristics with men experiencing other sexual dysfunctions. However, there is little information on the role of these cognitive factors in understanding the relationship between pain intensity and sexual functioning. This study aims to test if negative sexually-related thoughts mediate the relationship between pain intensity and sexual functioning in men with genital pain...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144853/sexual-experiences-in-transgender-people-the-role-of-desire-for-gender-confirming-interventions-psychological-well-being-and-body-satisfaction
#12
Sanne W C Nikkelen, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
We examined the role of gender confirming treatment (i.e., hormonal treatment and genital surgery; GCT), psychological well-being, and body satisfaction in the sexual feelings and behaviors of transgender adults. A survey was conducted among a non-clinical sample of 325 male-to-female and 251 female-to-male Dutch adults (17-76yr, Mage = 41.87), divided into those with no GCT desire, those who desired (more) GCT, and those who completed GCT. Findings indicated that whereas GCT may positively affect sexual feelings, particularly in MtF's, body satisfaction may play an even bigger role...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144850/clinical-factors-negatively-impacting-sexual-relationships-in-men-with-peyronie-s-disease
#13
Matthew J Ziegelmann, Manaf Alom, Kevin Hebert, Ross Avant, Tobias Köhler, Landon Trost
Here, we sought to identify clinical factors associated with a negative impact on the relationship in Peyronie's Disease patients. During initial consultation, a detailed sexual questionnaire was administered, which included a question on whether or not PD negatively impacted the current sexual relationship. 146/242 (60.3%) patients reported that PD negatively impacted their sexual relationship. On multivariate analysis, penile shortening, partner pain with intercourse, and shorter relationship duration were associated with a negative relationship effect...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144847/explaining-the-sexuality-gap-in-protest-participation
#14
Eric Swank
This study investigated the relationship between sexual orientations and the protest actions of adults in the United States. Drawing from General Social Survey data from 1996 to 2004, we found that lesbians, gays, and bisexuals were more than twice as likely to protest as heterosexuals. To account for this sexuality gap, we used Patrick Egan's (2008) political distinctiveness theories to identify possible underlying causes of these protesting differences. After running several regressions, we found that sexuality and protesting relationships were moderated by issues of educational attainment, marital statuses, metropolitan residencies, political partisanships, governmental grievances, and gender role expectations...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144824/17%C3%AE-hydroxylase-deficiency-is-an-underdiagnosed-disease-high-frequency-of-misdiagnoses-in-a-large-cohort-of-brazilian-patients
#15
Rafaela Fontenele, Marivânia Costa-Santos, Claudio E Kater
OBJECTIVE: 17α-Hydroxylase deficiency (P450c17D) is characterized by hypogonadism and mineralocorticoid hypertension. We aimed to estimate the relative incidence and spectrum of preliminary misdiagnoses in Brazilian P450c17D patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We reviewed, updated, and analyzed data of 40 P450c17D patients (21 XY, 19 XX). RESULTS: Complete data were unavailable for two patients. Seven patients were relatives of an index case...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144630/is-circumferential-urethral-mobilisation-an-overdo-a-prospective-outcome-analysis-of-dorsal-onlay-and-dorso-lateral-onlay-bmgu-for-anterior-urethral-strictures
#16
Gaurav Prakash, Bhupendra Pal Singh, Rahul Janak Sinha, Ankur Jhanwar, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
INTRODUCTION: For dorsal onlay graft placement, unilateral urethral mobilization is less invasive than standard circumferential urethral mobilization. Apart from success in terms of patency of urethra, other issues like sexual function, overall quality of life and patient satisfaction remain important issues while comparing outcomes of urethroplasty. AIM: To prospectively compare the objective as well as subjective outcomes of two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2011 and January 2015, 136 adult males having anterior urethral stricture with urethral lumen ≥ 6 Fr...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144629/single-perineal-incision-placement-of-artificial-urinary-sphincter-with-cadaveric-correlation-of-sub-dartos-pump-placement
#17
Cooper R Benson, Hajar I Ayoub, O Lenaine Westney
PURPOSE: We present a novel AUS implantation technique using a single perineal incision for single device placement or in combination with an inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP). Urinary and sexual dysfunction following the management of prostate cancer has a significant impact on the quality of life of our patients. While there are marginal changes in the prosthetic devices, we strive to reduce post-operative morbidity while maximizing efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 6 patients who underwent single perineal incision placement of a virgin AUS in 2014, 3 with simultaneous IPP placement...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144546/presence-of-infection-and-analysis-of-hpv-subtypes-in-girls-younger-than-9-years-old-attended-at-a-referral-service-in-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#18
Mariana Penha De Nadai Sartori, Lidiane Pignaton Agostini, Thaís Tristão Tovar, Raquel Silva Dos Reis, Raquel Spinassé Dettogni, Eldamária de Vargas Wolfgramm Dos Santos, Antônio Chambô Filho, Iúri Drumond Louro
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus is found in adults and adolescents and is associated with genital warts and cervical cancer. However, it has been detected in girls younger than 10 years old. Currently, there are no prevention methods for this age group, since it is not considered a risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of infection and HPV subtype in girls under 9 years old attended at a referral service in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: Forty-three girls younger than 9 years old had gynecological brush samples collected from vulval and perineal/anal regions...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#19
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143571/enabling-positive-change-progress-and-setbacks-in-hiv-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#20
Purnima Mane, Peter Aggleton
At a point in history when the future of sexual and reproductive health including HIV looks particularly uncertain, it is helpful to recognise that many of the challenges currently faced are neither new nor insurmountable. Reflecting on past achievements and lessons learned helps us to have confidence that positive change is feasible. This paper reflects on some of the changes observed in countries like India and Mozambique and identifies a range of factors which need to coalesce to enable these developments, along with specific contextual factors...
November 16, 2017: Global Public Health
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