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Fu-Shu Jin, Hong-Mei Wang, Xiao-Yan Song
Long non-coding RNA (lnc)TCF7 has been reported to promote the self‑renewal of human cancer stem cells, and enhance the aggressiveness of human non‑small cell lung cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma cells. However, the effect of lncTCF7 on colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis and progression is currently unclear. In the present study, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction results demonstrated that lncTCF7 expression was higher in CRC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues and was significantly associated with tumor size, differentiation degree, tumor‑node‑metastasis grade, lymph node metastasis and invasion depth...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Maxime Danilo, Vijaykumar Chennupati, Joana Gomes Silva, Stefanie Siegert, Werner Held
The formation of central CD8 T cell memory in response to infection depends on the transcription factor Tcf1 (Tcf7). Tcf1 is expressed at high levels in naive CD8 T cells but downregulated in most CD8 T cells during effector differentiation. The relevance of Tcf1 downregulation for effector differentiation and the signals controlling Tcf1 expression have not been elucidated. Here, we show that systemic inflammatory signals downregulated Tcf1 in CD8 T cells during dendritic cell vaccination and bacterial infections...
February 20, 2018: Cell Reports
Lufang Wang, Yanyan Zhao, Qiong Wu, Yifu Guan, Xin Wu
Concurrent radio chemotherapy treatment prolongs the survival rate of patients with advanced cervical cancer; however, it has adverse side‑effects. β‑elemene, an active component of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Curcuma zedoaria, is a promising alternative therapeutic drug for the treatment of advanced cervical cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antitumor effects of β‑elemene in human cervical cancer SiHa cells and to determine its underlying therapeutic molecular mechanisms...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ricardo Raúl Cevallos, Griselda Rodríguez-Martínez, Karlen Gazarian
Somatic cell reprogramming is a biphasic phenomenon that goes through a mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition, called initiation phase, followed by a maturation phase wherein reprogramming cells acquire pluripotency. Here we show that these phases display a differential response to Wnt signaling activation. Wnt signaling increases colony formation by promoting cellular epithelialization during the initiation phase in a TCF7-dependent manner. However, during maturation phase, it is also responsible for inducing mesendodermal differentiation, which is negatively regulated by TCF7L1...
January 23, 2018: Stem Cells
Qian Li, Yue Hua, Yilin Yang, Xinyu He, Wei Zhu, Jiyong Wang, Xiaoqing Gan
Osteocalcin has recently been shown to regulate energy homeostasis through multiple pathways. Adipose tissue is a main organ of energy metabolism, and administration of recombinant osteocalcin in mice promoted energy consumption, thus counteracting obesity and glucose intolerance. The regulation of osteocalcin in islet β cells has been well documented; however, it is unknown whether osteocalcin can also act on adipocytes, and if does, how it functions. Here, we provided evidence to demonstrate a specific role for osteocalcin in brown adipocyte thermogenesis...
January 22, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Tengyu Li, Jing Zhu, Xin Wang, Guowei Chen, Lie Sun, Shuai Zuo, Junling Zhang, Shanwen Chen, Ju Ma, Zihao Yao, Youwen Zheng, Zeyang Chen, Yucun Liu, Pengyuan Wang
Long non-coding RNA (Lnc)TCF7 is a novel lncRNA that is involved in tumorigenesis. Previous studies have revealed that lncTCF7 serves an essential role in maintaining cancer stem cell self-renewal; however, the functions of lncTCF7 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the role of lncTCF7 in CRC. LncTCF7 was upregulated in 52/58 CRC tissues, and its expression correlated with tumor size, lymph metastasis and tumor-node-metastasis stage in CRC. Knocking down lncTCF7 in colon cancer cell lines decreased cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while lncTCF7 overexpression showed opposite changes...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Thaís Dos Santos Fontes Pereira, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Josiane Alves França, Rennan Garcias Moreira, Grazielle Helena Ferreira de Menezes, Sílvia Ferreira de Sousa, Wagner Henriques de Castro, Carolina Cavaliéri Gomes, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
OBJECTIVE: The molecular pathogenesis of cemento ossifying fibroma (COF) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate mutations in 50 oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, including APC and CTNNB1, in which mutations in COF have been previously reported. In addition, we assessed the transcriptional levels of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in COF. STUDY DESIGN: We used a quantitative polymerase chain reaction array to evaluate the transcriptional levels of 44 Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in 6 COF samples, in comparison with 6 samples of healthy jaws...
November 24, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Joshua N Farr, Megan M Weivoda, Kristy M Nicks, Daniel G Fraser, Brittany A Negley, Jennifer L Onken, Brianne S Thicke, Ming Ruan, Hong Liu, Douglas Forrest, John R Hawse, Sundeep Khosla, David G Monroe
There is a clinical need to identify new molecular targets for the treatment of osteoporosis, particularly those that simultaneously inhibit bone resorption while stimulating bone formation. We have previously shown in overexpression studies that retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor β (Rorβ) suppresses in vitro osteoblast differentiation. In addition, the expression of Rorβ is markedly increased in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells with aging in both mice and humans. Here we establish a critical role for Rorβ in regulating bone metabolism using a combination of in vitro and in vivo studies...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Hongbo Zhang, Rui Ren, Juan Du, Tingli Sun, Ping Wang, Ping Kang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Injury of podocytes plays an important role in decline of glomerular filtration and proteinuria. It is well-known that proteinuria is associated with numerous chronic kidney diseases (CKD). However, the underlying mechanism of podocyte injury remains unclear. METHODS: We used reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to compare the expression level of the ALL1-fused from the chromosome 1q (AF1q) gene in mice and mouse podocytes (MPC5) with or without Adriamycin (ADR) treatment...
October 25, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Jacob S Bowers, Kinga Majchrzak, Michelle H Nelson, Bulent Arman Aksoy, Megan M Wyatt, Aubrey S Smith, Stefanie R Bailey, Lillian R Neal, Jeffrey E Hammerbacher, Chrystal M Paulos
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase p110δ (PI3Kδ) inhibition by Idelalisib (CAL-101) in hematological malignancies directly induces apoptosis in cancer cells and disrupts immunological tolerance by depleting regulatory T cells. Yet, little is known about the direct impact of PI3Kδ blockade on effector T cells from CAL-101 therapy. Herein, we demonstrate a direct effect of p110δ inactivation via CAL-101 on murine and human CD8(+) T cells that promotes a strong undifferentiated phenotype (elevated CD62L/CCR7, CD127, and Tcf7)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Arnaud Delpoux, Chen-Yen Lai, Stephen M Hedrick, Andrew L Doedens
The factors and steps controlling postinfection CD8(+) T cell terminal effector versus memory differentiation are incompletely understood. Whereas we found that naive TCF7 (alias "Tcf-1") expression is FOXO1 independent, early postinfection we report bimodal, FOXO1-dependent expression of the memory-essential transcription factor TCF7 in pathogen-specific CD8(+) T cells. We determined the early postinfection TCF7(high) population is marked by low TIM3 expression and bears memory signature hallmarks before the appearance of established memory precursor marker CD127 (IL-7R)...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lifan Xu, Qizhao Huang, Haoqiang Wang, Yaxing Hao, Qiang Bai, Jianjun Hu, Yiding Li, Pengcheng Wang, Xiangyu Chen, Ran He, Bingshou Li, Xia Yang, Tingting Zhao, Yanyan Zhang, Yifei Wang, Juanjuan Ou, Houjie Liang, Yuzhang Wu, Xinyuan Zhou, Lilin Ye
Follicular regulatory T (Tfr) cells differentiate from conventional regulatory T (Treg) cells and suppress excessive germinal center (GC) responses by acting on both GC B cells and T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. Here, we examined the impact of mTOR, a serine/threonine protein kinase that senses and integrates diverse environmental cues, on the differentiation and functional competency of Tfr cells in response to protein immunization or viral infection. By genetically deleting Rptor or Rictor, essential components for mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), respectively, we found that mTORC1 but not mTORC2 is essential for Tfr differentiation...
September 19, 2017: Immunity
Steven Moreira, Enio Polena, Victor Gordon, Solen Abdulla, Sujeivan Mahendram, Jiayi Cao, Alexandre Blais, Geoffrey A Wood, Anna Dvorkin-Gheva, Bradley W Doble
Co-expression and cross-regulation of the four TCF/LEFs render their redundant and unique functions ambiguous. Here, we describe quadruple-knockout (QKO) mouse ESCs lacking all full-length TCF/LEFs and cell lines rescued with TCF7 or TCF7L1. QKO cells self-renew, despite gene expression patterns that differ significantly from WT, and display delayed, neurectoderm-biased, embryoid body (EB) differentiation. QKO EBs have no contracting cardiomyocytes and differentiate poorly into mesendoderm but readily generate neuronal cells...
September 5, 2017: Cell Reports
Dany Gaillard, Spencer G Bowles, Ernesto Salcedo, Mingang Xu, Sarah E Millar, Linda A Barlow
Taste stimuli are transduced by taste buds and transmitted to the brain via afferent gustatory fibers. Renewal of taste receptor cells from actively dividing progenitors is finely tuned to maintain taste sensitivity throughout life. We show that conditional β-catenin deletion in mouse taste progenitors leads to rapid depletion of progenitors and Shh+ precursors, which in turn causes taste bud loss, followed by loss of gustatory nerve fibers. In addition, our data suggest LEF1, TCF7 and Wnt3 are involved in a Wnt pathway regulatory feedback loop that controls taste cell renewal in the circumvallate papilla epithelium...
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
Masafumi Seki, Shunsuke Kimura, Tomoya Isobe, Kenichi Yoshida, Hiroo Ueno, Yaeko Nakajima-Takagi, Changshan Wang, Lin Lin, Ayana Kon, Hiromichi Suzuki, Yusuke Shiozawa, Keisuke Kataoka, Yoichi Fujii, Yuichi Shiraishi, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Teppei Shimamura, Kyoko Masuda, Hiroshi Kawamoto, Kentaro Ohki, Motohiro Kato, Yuki Arakawa, Katsuyoshi Koh, Ryoji Hanada, Hiroshi Moritake, Masaharu Akiyama, Ryoji Kobayashi, Takao Deguchi, Yoshiko Hashii, Toshihiko Imamura, Atsushi Sato, Nobutaka Kiyokawa, Akira Oka, Yasuhide Hayashi, Masatoshi Takagi, Atsushi Manabe, Akira Ohara, Keizo Horibe, Masashi Sanada, Atsushi Iwama, Hiroyuki Mano, Satoru Miyano, Seishi Ogawa, Junko Takita
The outcome of treatment-refractory and/or relapsed pediatric T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is extremely poor, and the genetic basis for this is not well understood. Here we report comprehensive profiling of 121 cases of pediatric T-ALL using transcriptome and/or targeted capture sequencing, through which we identified new recurrent gene fusions involving SPI1 (STMN1-SPI1 and TCF7-SPI1). Cases positive for fusions involving SPI1 (encoding PU.1), accounting for 3.9% (7/181) of the examined pediatric T-ALL cases, showed a double-negative (DN; CD4- CD8- ) or CD8+ single-positive (SP) phenotype and had uniformly poor overall survival...
August 2017: Nature Genetics
David S J Allan, Ana Sofia Cerdeira, Anuisa Ranjan, Christina L Kirkham, Oscar A Aguilar, Miho Tanaka, Richard W Childs, Cynthia E Dunbar, Jack L Strominger, Hernan D Kopcow, James R Carlyle
For many years, human peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cells have been divided into functionally distinct CD3(-) CD56(bright) CD16(-) and CD3(-) CD56(dim) CD16(+) subsets. Recently, several groups of innate lymphoid cells (ILC), distinct from NK cells in development and function, have been defined in mouse. A signature of genes present in mouse ILC except NK cells, defined by Immunological Genome Project studies, is significantly over-represented in human CD56(bright) cells, by gene set enrichment analysis...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Qiang Shan, Zhouhao Zeng, Shaojun Xing, Fengyin Li, Stacey M Hartwig, Jodi A Gullicksrud, Samarchith P Kurup, Natalija Van Braeckel-Budimir, Yao Su, Matthew D Martin, Steven M Varga, Ichiro Taniuchi, John T Harty, Weiqun Peng, Vladimir P Badovinac, Hai-Hui Xue
Activated CD8(+) T cells differentiate into cytotoxic effector (TEFF) cells that eliminate target cells. How TEFF cell identity is established and maintained is not fully understood. We found that Runx3 deficiency limited clonal expansion and impaired upregulation of cytotoxic molecules in TEFF cells. Runx3-deficient CD8(+) TEFF cells aberrantly upregulated genes characteristic of follicular helper T (TFH) cell lineage, including Bcl6, Tcf7 and Cxcr5. Mechanistically, the Runx3-CBFβ transcription factor complex deployed H3K27me3 to Bcl6 and Tcf7 genes to suppress the TFH program...
August 2017: Nature Immunology
Abil Saj, Sujash S Chatterjee, Bowen Zhu, Engin Cukuroglu, Tenzin Gocha, Xiaoqian Zhang, Jonathan Göke, Ramanuj DasGupta
The 2i-media, composed of two small molecule inhibitors (PD0325901 and CHIR99021) against MEK and GSK3-kinases, respectively, is known to establish naïve ground state pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). These inhibitors block MEK-mediated differentiation, while driving β-catenin dependent de-repression of pluripotency promoting targets. However, accumulating evidence suggest that β-catenin's association with activating TCFs (TCF7 and TCF7L2) can induce expression of several lineage-specific prodifferentiation genes...
August 2017: Stem Cells
Hossam A Abdelsamed, Ardiana Moustaki, Yiping Fan, Pranay Dogra, Hazem E Ghoneim, Caitlin C Zebley, Brandon M Triplett, Rafick-Pierre Sekaly, Ben Youngblood
Antigen-independent homeostasis of memory CD8 T cells is vital for sustaining long-lived T cell-mediated immunity. In this study, we report that maintenance of human memory CD8 T cell effector potential during in vitro and in vivo homeostatic proliferation is coupled to preservation of acquired DNA methylation programs. Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing of primary human naive, short-lived effector memory (TEM ), and longer-lived central memory (TCM ) and stem cell memory (TSCM ) CD8 T cells identified effector molecules with demethylated promoters and poised for expression...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Nadia Ruocco, Anna Maria Fedele, Susan Costantini, Giovanna Romano, Adrianna Ianora, Maria Costantini
The marine environment is continually subjected to the action of stressors (including natural toxins), which represent a constant danger for benthic communities. In the present work using network analysis we identified ten genes on the basis of associated functions (FOXA, FoxG, GFI-1, nodal, JNK, OneCut/Hnf6, TAK1, tcf4, TCF7, VEGF) in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, having key roles in different processes, such as embryonic development and asymmetry, cell fate specification, cell differentiation and morphogenesis, and skeletogenesis...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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