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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651096/predicting-actions-from-subtle-preparatory-movements
#1
Maryam Vaziri-Pashkam, Sarah Cormiea, Ken Nakayama
To study how people anticipate others' actions, we designed a competitive reaching task. Subjects faced each other separated by a Plexiglas screen and their finger movements in 3D space were recorded with sensors. The first subject (Attacker) was instructed to touch one of two horizontally arranged targets on the screen. The other subject (Blocker) touched the same target as quickly as possible. Average finger reaction times (fRTs) were fast, much faster than reactions to a dot moving on the screen in the same manner as the Attacker's finger...
June 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650790/perception-of-complete-visually-impaired-children-to-three-different-oral-health-education-methods-a-preliminary-study
#2
S Mudunuri, A Sharma, P Subramaniam
AIM: To evaluate the perception of visually impaired children to three different methods of oral health education. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty total visually impaired children were divided into three groups of 20 children each. Children in group-I received oral health education through a lecture. Children in group II received Demonstration on a Model by Tell and Touch method (DMTT) and children in group III were self trained on oral hygiene skills. All children received written instructions in Braille...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648326/the-role-for-international-outreach-in-hand-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung
Internationally, surgery is making its mark as a necessary priority in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In 2013, Paul Farmer, MD, and international leaders from 14 countries founded the Lancet Commission of Global Surgery to develop and assemble the best evidence on the state of surgery worldwide, to study the economics of surgical and anesthesia care delivery, and to develop strategies for improving access. Concurrently, there is growing interest in hand surgery. The Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) recently called for LMIC research with the goal of using their resources to improve the end product...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647859/high-touch-surfaces-microbial-neighbours-at-hand
#4
REVIEW
L Cobrado, A Silva-Dias, M M Azevedo, A G Rodrigues
Despite considerable efforts, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) continue to be globally responsible for serious morbidity, increased costs and prolonged length of stay. Among potentially preventable sources of microbial pathogens causing HAIs, patient care items and environmental surfaces frequently touched play an important role in the chain of transmission. Microorganisms contaminating such high-touch surfaces include Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, yeasts and parasites, with improved cleaning and disinfection effectively decreasing the rate of HAIs...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647802/a-case-of-sapien-xt-valve-fallen-into-left-ventricle-during-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#5
Shigeki Koizumi, Natsuhiko Ehara, Kenta Nishiya, Tadaaki Koyama
Late transcatheter heart valve embolization is a rare but life-threatening complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Surgical intervention is performed for most cases, but some cases were treated by valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation. We describe a patient in whom a 29-mm Edwards SAPIEN XT valve migrated into the left ventricular outflow tract 41 days after the initial implantation. We tried to perform valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation using a transfemoral approach...
June 24, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647753/the-bee-the-flower-and-the-electric-field-electric-ecology-and-aerial-electroreception
#6
REVIEW
Dominic Clarke, Erica Morley, Daniel Robert
Bees and flowering plants have a long-standing and remarkable co-evolutionary history. Flowers and bees evolved traits that enable pollination, a process that is as important to plants as it is for pollinating insects. From the sensory ecological viewpoint, bee-flower interactions rely on senses such as vision, olfaction, humidity sensing, and touch. Recently, another sensory modality has been unveiled; the detection of the weak electrostatic field that arises between a flower and a bee. Here, we present our latest understanding of how these electric interactions arise and how they contribute to pollination and electroreception...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647575/a-modified-technique-of-temporary-suspension-of-the-ovary-to-the-anterior-abdominal-wall
#7
Omar M Abuzeid, Rubin Raju, John Hebert, Mohammad Ashraf, Mostafa I Abuzeid
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A previous study described a technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the abdominal wall using nylon suture (Abuzeid et al 2002). The aim of this study is to describe a modified technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the fascia of the anterior abdominal wall after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis to reduce postoperative adhesion formation. DESIGN: Video illustrating this modified technique of ovarian suspension SETTING: Academic affiliated community medical center PATIENTS: This patient underwent temporary suspension of the right ovary, using 3-0 plain catgut suture, after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis (Stage III ASRM classification)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647423/sterilizing-service-unit-packing-area-to-glove-or-regular-hand-hygiene-that-is-the-question
#8
Dayane de Melo Costa, Lillian Kelly de Oliveira Lopes, Anaclara Ferreira Veiga Tipple, Roel Beltran Castillo, Honghua Hu, Anand Kumar Deva, Karen Vickery
BACKGROUND: During functionality testing and packaging of reusable surgical instruments (RSI) for sterilisation, instruments are frequently touched. Considering the lack of standards relating to hand hygiene frequency and use of gloves in the sterilising service unit packing area, we aimed to determine the effect of hand hygiene and glove use on maintenance of RSI cleanliness. METHODS: Following manual and automated cleaning, Halsted-mosquito forceps were assessed for adenosine triphosphate (ATP), protein and microbial contamination after handling with gloved and ungloved but washed hands utilising an ATP surface swab test, bicinchoninic acid assay, and standard culture plate/broth, respectively...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647024/montagna-symposium-2016-the-skin-our-sensory-organ-for-itch-pain-touch-and-pleasure
#9
Rachel C Clary, Rose Z Hill, Francis McGlone, Lan A Li, Molly Kulesz-Martin, Gil Yosipovitch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646602/comparison-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-and-strain-elastography-in-differentiating-malignant-from-benign-thyroid-nodules
#10
Fengjuan Zhang, Xinming Zhao, Ruoling Han, Min Du, Ping Li, Xiaohui Ji
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging and strain elastography in differentiating malignant from benign thyroid nodules. METHODS: This study included 128 patients (104 female and 24 male; mean age ± standard deviation, 48 ± 11 years; range, 23-76 years) with 152 pathologically proven thyroid nodules. Conventional sonography, strain ratio (SR) of strain elastography, virtual touch tissue imaging (VTI) grade, and virtual touch tissue quantification (shear wave velocity [SWV]) from ARFI imaging data were generated for each nodule...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645758/urgently-awaiting-implementation-the-right-to-be-free-from-exploitation-violence-and-abuse-in-article-16-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-crpd
#11
Peter Bartlett, Marianne Schulze
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) enshrines the freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse, a provision, which has hitherto received little attention. Exploring the contents of Article 16, this paper seeks to unpack both the potential for violence prevention as well as the implementation challenges. It situates violence protection within related treaty provisions and touches on specific challenges in institutional care as well as the private realm.
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645526/injury-induced-gp130-cytokine-signaling-in-peripheral-ganglia-is-reduced-in-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Jon P Niemi, Angela R Filous, Alicia DeFrancesco, Jane A Lindborg, Nisha A Malhotra, Gina N Wilson, Bowen Zhou, Samuel D Crish, Richard E Zigmond
Neuropathy is a major diabetic complication. While the mechanism of this neuropathy is not well-understood, it is believed to result in part from deficient nerve regeneration. Work from our laboratory established that gp130 family of cytokines are induced in animals after axonal injury and are involved in the induction of regeneration-associated genes (RAGs) and in the conditioning lesion response. Here, we examine whether a reduction of cytokine signaling occurs in diabetes. Streptozotocin (STZ) was used to destroy pancreatic β cells, leading to chronic hyperglycemia...
June 20, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644914/the-role-of-expectation-in-multisensory-body-representation-neural-evidence
#13
Francesca Ferri, Ettore Ambrosini, Paola Pinti, Arcangelo Merla, Marcello Costantini
Sensory events contribute to body ownership, the feeling that the body belongs to me. However, the encoding of sensory events is not only reactive, but also proactive in that our brain generates prediction about forthcoming stimuli. In previous studies we have shown that prediction of sensory events is a sufficient condition to induce the sense of body ownership. In this study we investigate the underlying neural mechanisms. Participants were seated with their right arm resting upon a table just below another smaller table...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643300/-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#14
Minhua Zheng, Junjun Ma
Since the emergence of minimally invasive technology twenty years ago, as a surgical concept and surgical technique for colorectal cancer surgery, its obvious advantages have been recognized. Laparoscopic technology, as one of the most important technology platform, has got a lot of evidence-based support for the oncological safety and effectiveness in colorectal cancer surgery Laparoscopic technique has advantages in terms of identification of anatomic plane and autonomic nerve, protection of pelvic structure, and fine dissection of vessels...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643059/the-learning-effect-of-using-stereoscopic-vision-in-the-early-phase-of-laparoscopic-surgical-training-for-novices
#15
Hitoshi Harada, Shingo Kanaji, Masayasu Nishi, Yoshito Otake, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Taro Oshikiri, Yasuo Sumi, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshinobu Sato, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Recently to improve depth perception, the performance of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgeries has increased. However, the effects of laparoscopic training using 3D are still unclear. This study aimed to clarify the effects of using a 3D monitor among novices in the early phase of training. METHODS: Participants were 40 novices who had never performed laparoscopic surgery (20 medical students and 20 junior residents). Three laparoscopic phantom tasks (task 1: touching markers on a flat disk with a rod; task 2: straight rod transfer through a single loop; and task 3: curved rod transfer through two loops) in the training box were performed ten times, respectively...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643024/automatic-seed-picking-for-brachytherapy-postimplant-validation-with-3d-ct-images
#16
Guobin Zhang, Qiyuan Sun, Shan Jiang, Zhiyong Yang, Xiaodong Ma, Haisong Jiang
PURPOSE: Postimplant validation is an indispensable part in the brachytherapy technique. It provides the necessary feedback to ensure the quality of operation. The ability to pick implanted seed relates directly to the accuracy of validation. To address it, an automatic approach is proposed for picking implanted brachytherapy seeds in 3D CT images. METHODS: In order to pick seed configuration (location and orientation) efficiently, the approach starts with the segmentation of seed from CT images using a thresholding filter which based on gray-level histogram...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643007/the-role-of-lipofilling-after-breast-reconstruction-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-with-breast-q
#17
Annalisa Cogliandro, Mauro Barone, Stefania Tenna, Marco Morelli Coppola, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q reconstruction module in patients selected for lipofilling procedures after implant breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent breast reconstruction with or without delayed lipofilling were enrolled between 2011 and 2015, and they completed BREAST-Q surveys. We administered the questionnaire electronically 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642940/mass-spectrometry-imaging-for-clinical-research-latest-developments-applications-and-current-limitations
#18
REVIEW
Pierre-Maxence Vaysse, Ron M A Heeren, Tiffany Porta, Benjamin Balluff
Mass spectrometry is being used in many clinical research areas ranging from toxicology to personalized medicine. Of all the mass spectrometry techniques, mass spectrometry imaging (MSI), in particular, has continuously grown towards clinical acceptance. Significant technological and methodological improvements have contributed to enhance the performance of MSI recently, pushing the limits of throughput, spatial resolution, and sensitivity. This has stimulated the spread of MSI usage across various biomedical research areas such as oncology, neurological disorders, cardiology, and rheumatology, just to name a few...
June 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642253/military-related-sexual-assault-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Kimberley Watkins, Rachel Bennett, Mark A Zamorski, Isabelle Richer
BACKGROUND: Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. METHODS: We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696)...
June 22, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642054/development-of-a-tailored-thyroid-gland-phantom-for-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-by-three-dimensional-printing
#20
Masayuki Baba, Keitaro Matsumoto, Naoya Yamasaki, Hisakazu Shindo, Hiroshi Yano, Megumi Matsumoto, Ryota Otsubo, Murray John Lawn, Naoto Matsuo, Ikuo Yamamoto, Shigekazu Hidaka, Takeshi Nagayasu
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a challenging and risky procedure for inexperienced clinicians to perform because of the proximity of the thyroid to the jugular veins, carotid arteries, and trachea. A phantom model for transfixion practice would help train clinicians in FNAC. OBJECTIVE: To fabricate a tailored phantom with consideration for authenticity of size, touch, feel, and ultrasonographic (US) characteristics. METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) digital model of the human neck was reconstructed from computed tomography data of a subject...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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