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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920970/a-review-and-treatment-selection-model-for-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities-who-engage-in-inappropriate-sexual-behavior
#1
Tonya N Davis, Wendy Machalicek, Rachel Scalzo, Alicia Kobylecky, Vincent Campbell, Sarah Pinkelman, Jeffrey Michael Chan, Jeff Sigafoos
Some individuals with developmental disabilities develop inappropriate sexual behaviors such as public masturbation, disrobing, and touching others in an unwanted sexual manner. Such acts are problematic given the taboo nature of the behaviors and the potential for significant negative consequences, such as restricted community access, injury, and legal ramifications. Therefore, it is necessary to equip caregivers and practitioners with effective treatment options. The purpose of this paper is to review studies that have evaluated behavioral treatments to reduce inappropriate sexual behavior in persons with developmental disabilities...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920744/attitudes-of-older-adults-in-a-group-based-exercise-program-toward-a-blended-intervention-a-focus-group-study
#2
Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Ben J A Kröse, Bart Visser, Raoul H H Engelbert, Jantine Van Den Helder, Peter J M Weijs
Ageing is associated with a decline in daily functioning and mobility. A physically active life and physical exercise can minimize the decline of daily functioning and improve the physical-, psychological- and social functioning of older adults. Despite several advantages of group-based exercise programs, older adults participating in such interventions often do not meet the frequency, intensity or duration of exercises needed to gain health benefits. An exercise program that combines the advantages of group-based exercises led by an instructor with tailored home-based exercises can increase the effectiveness...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919414/early-diagnosis-in-patients-with-transthyretin-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-a-comparative-study
#3
Manuel Raya-Cruz, Juan Buades-Reines, Cristina Gállego-Lezáun, Tomás Ripoll-Vera, Mercedes Usón-Martín, Eugenia Cisneros-Barroso
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Transthyretin-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a disease caused by the deposit of abnormal transthyretin on tissues, mainly nerves. Small nerve fibers are altered earlier during the course of the disease; hence, detection of their involvement may have serious consequences on the natural history of disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study, was carried out on symptomatic patients, involving the conduct of several tests for small nerve fibers: Vibration, Touch Pressure (TP) and Heat Pain (HP)...
December 2, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919384/health-information-professionals-in-a-global-ehealth-world-ethical-and-legal-arguments-for-the-international-certification-and-accreditation-of-health-information-professionals
#4
Eike-Henner W Kluge
BACKGROUND: Issues such as privacy, security, quality, etc. have received considerable attention in discussions of eHealth, mHealth and pHealth. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the fact that these methods of delivering health care situate Health Information Professionals (HIPs) in an ethical context that is importantly different from that of traditional health care because they assign a fiduciary role to HIPs that they did not have before, their previous technical involvement notwithstanding...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918598/sighted-and-visually-impaired-students-perspectives-of-illustrations-diagrams-and-drawings-in-school-science
#5
Celia McDonald, Susan Rodrigues
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918416/a-touch-sensing-technique-using-the-effects-of-extremely-low-frequency-fields-on-the-human-body
#6
Hatem Elfekey, Hany Ayad Bastawrous, Shogo Okamoto
Touch sensing is a fundamental approach in human-to-machine interfaces, and is currently under widespread use. Many current applications use active touch sensing technologies. Passive touch sensing technologies are, however, more adequate to implement low power or energy harvesting touch sensing interfaces. This paper presents a passive touch sensing technique based on the fact that the human body is affected by the surrounding extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields, such as those of AC power lines...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917764/diabetic-cachectic-neuropathy-an-uncommon-neurological-complication-of-diabetes
#7
A Iyagba, A Onwuchekwa
A 40-year-old female patient with diabetes of 12 years' duration, with poor drug compliance, presented with a 4-month history of rapid progressive weight loss, burning sensations in the feet, abdominal swelling, and constipation with occasional episodes of epigastric pain. On examination, she was chronically ill-looking with a body mass index of 17.1 kg/m2, grossly distended abdomen (initially mistaken for gravid abdomen). Blood pressure measurements in the supine and standing positions were 200/130 mmHg and 180/100 mmHg, respectively...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917700/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-following-elevated-mean-arterial-pressures-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Jeffrey H Zimering, Addisu Mesfin
BACKGROUND: Increasing the mean arterial pressure (MAP) is an accepted treatment modality to minimize the risk for irreversible neurologic damage secondary to spinal cord ischemia. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication occurring after transplantation surgery, in persons having an autoimmune disorder or after abrupt increases in blood pressure of various etiologies. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917036/challenging-perceptions-about-oncology-product-pricing-in-breast-and-colorectal-cancer
#9
Anthony Barron, Tim Wilsdon
Although significant progress has been made in the past decade in the treatment of both common and rare cancers, there has been significant concerns about the cost, and especially the value, of certain new oncology drugs. These concerns touch upon a number of issues regarding the price of these medicines, the value they deliver and the ability of healthcare systems to fund them. This paper looks at these perceptions and the extent to which they apply across different oncology products. Whilst it is acknowledged there is evidence that the launch price of pharmaceutical treatments for some forms of cancer has been rising in recent years, this is not uniformly the case; we find evidence to the contrary for some forms of cancer...
2016: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916448/getting-in-touch-with-j%C3%A3-rg-grandl
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916241/no-touch-saphenous-vein-harvesting-may-improve-further-the-patency-of-saphenous-vein-composite-grafts-early-outcomes-and-1-year-angiographic-results
#11
Yong Han Kim, Hong Chul Oh, Jae Woong Choi, Ho Young Hwang, Ki-Bong Kim
BACKGROUND: Harvesting technique and surgical strategy may affect patency rates of saphenous vein (SV) grafts in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). We evaluated early clinical outcomes and 1-year graft patency rates of SV grafts that were harvested with a no-touch technique and used as composite grafts. METHODS: Three hundred sixty-eight patients who underwent off-pump CABG using SV composite grafts based on the left internal thoracic artery were studied...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915368/touch-contingent-visual-motion-perception-tactile-events-drive-visual-motion-perception
#12
Ryo Teraoka, Wataru Teramoto
It has recently been demonstrated that the brain rapidly forms an association between concurrently presented sound sequences and visual motion. Once this association has been formed, the associated sound sequence can drive visual motion perception. This phenomenon is known as "sound-contingent visual motion perception" (SCVM). In the present study, we addressed the possibility of a similar association involving touch instead of audition. In a 9-min exposure session, two circles placed side by side were alternately presented to produce apparent motion in a horizontal direction...
December 3, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915070/vicarious-ratings-of-social-touch-reflect-the-anatomical-distribution-velocity-tuning-of-c-tactile-afferents-a-hedonic-homunculus
#13
Susannah C Walker, Paula D Trotter, Andy Woods, Francis McGlone
A subclass of C-fibres, C-tactile afferents (CTs), have been discovered which respond preferentially to low force/velocity stroking touch, that is typically perceived as pleasant. Molecular genetic visualization of these low-threshold mechanosensitive C-fibres (CLTMs) in mice revealed a denser distribution in dorsal than ventral thoracic sites, scattered distal limb innervation and a complete absence from glabrous paw skin (Liu et al., 2007). Here we used third-party ratings to examine whether affective responses to social touch reflect the anatomical distribution and velocity tuning of CTs...
November 30, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914882/representation-of-the-body-in-the-lateral-striatum-of-the-freely-moving-rat-fast-spiking-interneurons-respond-to-stimulation-of-individual-body-parts
#14
Julianna Kulik, Anthony Pawlak, Manraj Kalkat, Kevin Coffey, Mark O West
: Numerous studies have shown that certain types of striatal interneurons play a crucial role in selection and regulation of striatal output. Striatal Fast-Spiking Interneurons (FSIs) are parvalbumin positive, GABAergic interneurons that constitute less than 1% of the total striatal population. It is becoming increasingly evident that these sparsely distributed neurons exert a strong inhibitory effect on Medium Spiny projection Neurons (MSNs). MSNs in lateral striatum receive direct synaptic input from regions of cortex representing discrete body parts, and show phasic increases in activity during touch or movement of specific body parts...
November 30, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914177/virtual-touch-tissue-imaging-and-quantification-in-the-evaluation-of-thyroid-nodules
#15
Hang Zhou, Xian-Li Zhou, Hui-Xiong Xu, Dan-Dan Li, Bo-Ji Liu, Yi-Feng Zhang, Jun-Mei Xu, Xiao-Wan Bo, Xiao-Long Li, Le-Hang Guo, Shen Qu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic performance of a 2-dimensional shear wave elastographic technique (Virtual Touch tissue imaging and quantification [VTIQ]; Siemens Medical Solutions, Mountain View, CA) for predicting thyroid malignancy. METHODS: A total of 302 thyroid nodules underwent conventional sonography and VTIQ before fine-needle aspiration examination or surgery. Compared with histopathologic or cytologic results in combination with follow-up, the diagnostic performance of various shear wave speed (SWS) indices (minimum [SWSmin ], maximum [SWSmax ], and mean [SWSmean ]) on VTIQ as well as conventional sonographic features for predicting thyroid malignancy was evaluated in all of the nodules...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913817/the-contribution-of-response-conflict-multisensory-integration-and-body-mediated-attention-to-the-crossmodal-congruency-effect
#16
Francesco Marini, Daniele Romano, Angelo Maravita
The crossmodal congruency task is a consolidated paradigm for investigating interactions between vision and touch. In this task, participants judge the elevation of a tactile target stimulus while ignoring a visual distracter stimulus that may occur at a congruent or incongruent elevation, thus engendering a measure of visuo-tactile interference (crossmodal congruency effect, CCE). The CCE reflects perceptual, attentional, and response-related factors, but their respective roles and interactions have not been set out yet...
December 2, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913487/venous-thromboembolism-and-stroke-in-pregnancy
#17
Kelley McLean, Mary Cushman
Pregnancy and the postpartum period substantially increase the risk for thrombotic events. Although the absolute risk for thrombosis is low, these events comprise a significant portion of maternal morbidity and mortality. The vast majority of such events are venous, although the risk for ischemic stroke also appears to be increased in pregnancy. This review will explore the overlapping and unique risk factors for venous and arterial thrombosis in pregnancy. Diagnosis and prevention will be discussed, and treatment will be briefly touched on...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913331/lamb-wave-multitouch-ultrasonic-touchscreen
#18
Kamyar Firouzi, Amin Nikoozadeh, Thomas E Carver, Butrus Pierre T Khuri-Yakub
Touchscreen sensors are widely used in many devices such as smart phones, tablets, and laptops with diverse applications. We present the design, analysis, and implementation of an ultrasonic touchscreen system that utilizes the interaction of transient Lamb waves with objects in contact with the screen. It attempts to improve on the existing ultrasound technologies, with the potential of addressing some of the weaknesses of the dominant technologies, such as the capacitive or resistive ones. Compared with the existing ultrasonic and acoustic modalities, among other advantages, it provides the capability of detecting several simultaneous touch points and also a more robust performance...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913159/assessing-functional-performance-using-computer-based-simulations-of-everyday-activities
#19
Sara J Czaja, David A Loewenstein, Chin Chin Lee, Shih Hua Fu, Philip D Harvey
Current functional capacity (FC) measures for patients with schizophrenia typically involve informant assessments or are in paper and pencil format, requiring in-person administration by a skilled assessor. This approach presents logistic problems and limits the possibilities for remote assessment, an important issue for these patients. This study evaluated the feasibility of using a computer-based assessment battery, including simulations of everyday activities. The battery was compared to in-person standard assessments of cognition and FC with respect to baseline convergence and sensitivity to group differences...
November 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912981/examining-the-association-between-surface-bioburden-and-frequently-touched-sites-in-intensive-care
#20
C E Adams, J Smith, V Watson, C Robertson, S J Dancer
BACKGROUND: Critical care patients are at increased risk of infection. Near-patient surfaces act as reservoirs of microbial soil, which may contain pathogens. AIM: To correlate soil levels with hand-touch frequency of near-patient sites in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Five sites around each bed in a 10-bed ICU were screened for total microbial soil (cfu/cm(2)) and Staphylococcus aureus every month for 10 months. Selected sites were infusion pump and cardiac monitor, left and right bedrails, and bed table...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
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