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paracetamol liver function tests

Hem Singh, Atish Prakash, A N Kalia, Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed
Previously explored combination therapies mostly involved the use of bioactive molecules. It is believed that herbal compounds containing multiple plant products have synergistic hepatoprotective effects and could enhance the desired actions. To investigate the combination of ethanolic fruits extract of Solanum xanthocarpum (SX) and Juniperus communis (JC) against Paracetamol (PCM) and Azithromycin (AZM) induced liver toxicity in rats. Liver toxicity was induced by combine oral administration of PCM (250 mg/kg) and AZM (200 mg/kg) for 7 days in Wistar rats...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Laura Rivoli, A D Bastiaan Vliegenthart, Carmelita M J de Potter, Job J M H van Bragt, Nikolaos Tzoumas, Peter Gallacher, Tariq E Farrah, Neeraj Dhaun, James W Dear
AIM: microRNA-122 (miR-122) is a hepatotoxicity biomarker with utility in the management of paracetamol overdose and in drug development. Renal dysfunction and haemodialysis have been associated with a reduction in circulating microRNA. The objective of this study was to determine their effect on miR-122. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 17 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis, 22 healthy controls, 30 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 15 patients post-kidney transplantation...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Hilal Bektas Uysal, Bekir Dağlı, Mustafa Yılmaz, Fadime Kahyaoğlu, Alparslan Gökçimen, İmran Kurt Ömürlü, Buket Demirci
The aim of this study was to investigate whether thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) has biochemical and histological preventive effects on oxidative liver damage induced by paracetamol (APAP). Rats were divided into the following groups: healthy control (HG), APAP (AG, 1500 mg/kg, orally), thiamine pyrophosphate (TPPG, 100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), APAP+NAC (ANAC, 100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), APAP+TPP (ATPG) and APAP+NAC+TPP (ANTG). Oxidant, antioxidant parameters, liver function tests and histological assessment were performed between groups...
January 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Nicola Tufton, Nazhri Hashim, Candy Sze, Mona Waterhouse
UNLABELLED: A 57-year-old female presented 17 days after treatment with radioactive iodine (RAI) for difficult-to-control hyperthyroidism. She was febrile, had a sinus tachycardia, and was clinically thyrotoxic. Her thyroid function tests showed a suppressed TSH <0.02 mU/l, with free thyroxine (FT4) >75 pmol/l and total triiodothyronine (TT3) 6.0 nmol/l. She was diagnosed with thyroid storm and was managed with i.v. fluids, propylthiouracil (PTU) 200 mg four times a day, prednisolone 30 mg once daily and propanolol 10 mg three times a day...
2015: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Ercan Gündüz, Recep Dursun, Yılmaz Zengin, Mustafa İçer, Hasan Mansur Durgun, Ayşe Kanıcı, İbrahim Kaplan, Ulaş Alabalık, Hüseyin Gürbüz, Cahfer Güloğlu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of Lycium barbarum (LB) extract against paracetamol-induced acute oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in rats. The subjects were divided into 6 groups of 8 rats each. The rats in the LB group were administered a dose of 100 mg/kg LB extract dissolved in saline via the intraperitoneal route for 7 days. Subsequently, after last dose of LB, PCT was given in a single dose of 1 g/kg diluted in saline via the oral route. Twenty-four hours later, blood samples were drawn from all of the subjects for serum Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Total antioxidant status (TAS) and Total oxidant status (TOS) tests, and liver tissue samples were obtained for histopathological evaluation...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Anselm Wong, Marco L A Sivilotti, Paul I Dargan, David M Wood, Shaun L Greene
CONTEXT: Risk prediction in paracetamol (acetaminophen, or APAP) poisoning treated with acetylcysteine helps guide initial patient management and disposition. The paracetamol-aminotransferase multiplication product may be a useful and less time-sensitive risk predictor. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate this multiplication product in an independent cohort of patients with paracetamol overdose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an existing toxicology dataset of poisoned patients from two large inner-city United Kingdom teaching hospitals, we retrospectively identified by electronic search all paracetamol overdoses from February 2005 to March 2013...
2015: Clinical Toxicology
Gustavo C Machado, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Marina B Pinheiro, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Richard O Day, Andrew J McLachlan, Manuela L Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of paracetamol (acetaminophen) in the management of spinal pain and osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, AMED, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception to December 2014. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of paracetamol with placebo for spinal pain (neck or low back pain) and osteoarthritis of the hip or knee...
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Allison J McGovern, Irena V Vitkovitsky, Daniel L Jones, Michael E Mullins
CONTEXT: Paracetamol (acetaminophen or APAP) is the most common pharmaceutical exposure in the US. Elevations in aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels indicate hepatic toxicity. AST and ALT levels rise in similar proportions but later decline at different rates, with AST falling more rapidly than ALT. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the AST/ALT ratio can indicate that a patient has passed the time of peak AST concentration. METHODS: We retrospectively identified cases of patients hospitalized for acute APAP poisoning by querying the pharmacy database of all patients treated with acetylcysteine (NAC) from January 1, 2001 to March 19, 2013...
March 2015: Clinical Toxicology
Maysaa B Zubairi, Jawad H Ahmed, Sawsan S Al-Haroon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate hepatoprotective potential of carvedilol, prazosin, metoprolol and prazosin plus metoprolol in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six male rabbits were divided into six groups, six in each, group 1 received distilled water, group 2 were treated with paracetamol (1 g/kg/day, orally), group 3, 4,5 and 6 were treated at a dose in (mg/kg/day) of the following: Carvedilol (10 mg), prazosin (0.5 mg), metoprolol (10 mg), and a combination of metoprolol (10 mg) and prazosin (0...
November 2014: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Selim Sancak, Tulin Gokmen Yildirim, Sevilay Topcuoglu, Taner Yavuz, Guner Karatekin, Fahri Ovali
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of oral and intravenous paracetamol for closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSPDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: Eighteen VLBW infants with HSPDA treated with either intravenous (n = 10) or oral (n = 8) paracetamol at 60 mg/kg/d for three consecutive days were analysed retrospectively. Ductal closure rate and evaluation of liver function tests were the major outcomes...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Saibal Das, Sanjib Bandyopadhyay, Anand Ramasamy, Somnath Mondal
This study was done to evaluate possible hepatoprotective effects of aqueous leaf extracts of Basella alba in comparison with silymarin in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats. Six groups of six albino rats each received orally for 6 weeks, vehicle, paracetamol (2 g/kg/day), paracetamol (2 g/kg/day) plus silymarin (50 mg/kg/day), paracetamol (2 g/kg/day) plus B. alba extract (60 mg/kg/day), paracetamol (2 g/kg/day) plus B. alba extract (80 mg/kg/day) and paracetamol (2 g/kg/day) plus B. alba extract (100 mg/kg/day)...
2015: Natural Product Research
Chukwuemeka Sylvester Nworu, Stella A Ihim, Loveth E Ugwu, Kolawole A Laiyemo, Peter A Akah
Chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal failure, and liver diseases are increasing worldwide and constitute a huge burden on health care costs, with attendant high morbidity and debility. Despite advances in modern medicine, there are still no licensed drugs that satisfactorily restore lost kidney or hepatic functions. In this study the chemoprotective effects of the hot aqueous extract of a local edible oyster mushroom, Pleurotus tuberregium (APTR), was evaluated in experimental liver and kidney toxicities...
2014: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Mohamed Sakran, Yasser Selim, Nahla Zidan
A new isoflavonoid, 5,6-dimethoxy-2',3'-methylenedioxy-7-C-β-d-gluco-pyranosyl isoflavone was isolated from the seeds of Lepidium sativum L. along with two known isoflavonoids, 7-hydroxy-4',5,6-trimethoxyisoflavone and 7-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-2',3'-methylenedioxyisoflavone. The structures of all compounds were elucidated with NMR spectrometry. Compounds 1, 2 and the new isoflavonoid 3 were evaluated for their ability to reduce the hepatotoxicity induced by paracetamol in male rats by reducing the damage and toxicity effects on liver cells with a significant improvement of total antioxidant capacity, normalizing the levels of liver enzymes GSH, SOD, GPX, CAT and GST compared to control group...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bandari Uma Mahesh, Shweta Shrivastava, Rajeswara Rao Pragada, V G M Naidu, Ramakrishna Sistla
Paracetamol (PCM) hepatotoxicity is related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and excessive oxidative stress; natural antioxidant compounds have been tested as an alternative therapy. This study evaluated the hepatoprotective activity of an alcoholic extract of Boswellia ovalifoliolata (BO) bark against PCM-induced hepatotoxicity. BO extract also demonstrated antioxidant activity in vitro, as well as scavenger activity against 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl. Administration of PCM caused a significant increase in the release of transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, and lactate dehydrogenase in serum...
September 2014: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Engy M El Morsy, Rehab Kamel
CONTEXT: Paracetamol overdose is a predominant cause of hepatotoxicity in both humans and experimental animals. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the protective effect of aqueous artichoke leaf extract (ALE) against paracetamol-induced liver injury in rats using N-acetylcysteine (NAC) as a reference drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups: negative control, paracetamol (2 g/kg, single oral dose), ALE (1.5 g/kg, orally for 14 d), ALE + paracetamol, and NAC (100 mg/kg) + paracetamol...
February 2015: Pharmaceutical Biology
Raoudha Slim, Neila Fathallah, Amina Aounallah, Mehdi Ksiaa, Badreddine Sriha, Rafiaa Nouira, Chaker Ben Salem
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an uncommon life-threatening skin disease, generally induced by drugs. Extracutaneous manifestations of the syndrome can occur, and may involve the conjunctiva, buccal mucosa, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. Cholestatic hepatitis has been rarely described in SJS. A 29-year-old woman was admitted with generalized cutaneous eruption. A self-medication with paracetamol had been started three days earlier. Clinical signs and skin biopsy were consistent with SJS. Five days later, the patient developed jaundice...
2015: Current Drug Safety
Abdullah Kisaoglu, Bunyami Ozogul, Mehmet Ibrahim Turan, Ismayil Yilmaz, Ismail Demiryilmaz, Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp, Ebubekir Bakan, Halis Suleyman
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) on oxidative liver damage induced in rats with high-dose paracetamol. METHODS: Rats for this experiment were divided into the following groups: healthy control, paracetamol control, thiamine + paracetamol, TPP + paracetamol, and N-acetylcysteine + paracetamol. Oxidant and antioxidant parameters and liver function test levels were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The results show that TPP and N-acetylcysteine with paracetamol equally prevented a rise in oxidants such as malondialdehyde and nitric oxide...
September 2014: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Samy M El-Megharbel, Reham Z Hamza, Moamen S Refat
Keeping in view that some metal complexes are found to be more potent than their parent drugs, therefore, our present paper aimed to synthesized Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) complexes of paracetamol (Para) anti-inflammatory drug. Paracetamol complexes with general formula [M(Para)2(H2O)2]·nH2O have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, conductivity, IR and thermal (TG/DTG), (1)H NMR, electronic spectral studies. The conductivity data of these complexes have non-electrolytic nature...
October 15, 2014: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Jürgen Borlak, Anil Chougule, Prafull Kumar Singh
In preclinical hepatotoxicity testing cell based assays are frequently employed. However, prediction of clinical drug induced liver injury (DILI) remains a major challenge. Here we examined the usefulness of frequently employed markers of hepatocellular injury in cultures of primary human hepatocytes (PHH) in response to treatment with either paracetamol, rifampicin, petadolex and/or amiodarone. The changes in the metabolic competency (urea and albumin) and cellular injury (AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, γGT and succinate dehydrogenase) were determined at therapeutic and above drug concentrations as to evaluate the utility of these markers in in vitro systems...
August 2014: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
C van Ganzewinkel, L Derijks, K J S Anand, R A van Lingen, C Neef, B W Kramer, P Andriessen
AIM: The therapeutic options available to treat neonatal pain are limited, and one alternative for nonopioid systemic treatment is paracetamol. However, pharmacokinetic data from prolonged administration of intravenous paracetamol in neonates are limited. The aim of this study was to present pharmacokinetics after multiple dose of intravenous paracetamol in very preterm infants of <32 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Fifteen very preterm infants received five, six-hourly doses of intravenous paracetamol (7...
June 2014: Acta Paediatrica
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