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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716039/extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-after-adult-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maziar Khorsandi, Scott Dougherty, Omar Bouamra, Vasudev Pai, Philip Curry, Steven Tsui, Stephen Clark, Stephen Westaby, Nawwar Al-Attar, Vipin Zamvar
BACKGROUND: Postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS) refractory to inotropic support and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) occurs rarely but is almost universally fatal without mechanical circulatory support. In this systematic review and meta-analysis we looked at the evidence behind the use of veno-arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) in refractory PCCS from a patient survival rate and determinants of outcome viewpoint. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in January 2017 using PubMed (with no defined time period) using the keywords "postcardiotomy", "cardiogenic shock", "extracorporeal membrane oxygenation" and "cardiac surgery"...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714137/austerity-new-public-management-and-missed-nursing-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#2
Eileen Willis, Jenny Carryer, Clare Harvey, Maria Pearson, Julie Henderson
AIMS: To outline the way in which the culture of austerity arising from the Global Financial Crisis has been used by Australian and New Zealand governments to maintain and extend health care budget cuts, through new public management strategies leading to missed nursing care. BACKGROUND: Ten years on the cost of the Global Financial Crisis continues to be borne by tax payers and those employed by the welfare state, yet analysis shows clearly that it was caused by a failure to adequately regulate markets, particularly the banks and multinational corporations...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705223/improving-preventive-health-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-care-settings
#3
Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison Laycock, Rosalie Schultz, Christopher P Burgess, David Peiris, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Like other colonised populations, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. Preventable chronic disease is the largest contributor to the health differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, but recommended best-practice preventive care is not consistently provided to Indigenous Australians. Significant improvement in health care delivery could be achieved through identifying and minimising evidence-practice gaps...
July 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696032/research-review-harnessing-the-power-of-individual-participant-data-in-a-meta-analysis-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-the-incredible-years-parenting-program
#4
REVIEW
Patty Leijten, Frances Gardner, Sabine Landau, Victoria Harris, Joanna Mann, Judy Hutchings, Jennifer Beecham, Eva-Maria Bonin, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Parenting programs aim to reduce children's conduct problems through improvement of family dynamics. To date, research on the precise benefits and possible harms of parenting programs on family well-being has been unsystematic and likely to be subject to selective outcome reporting and publication bias. Better understanding of program benefits and harms requires full disclosure by researchers of all included measures, and large enough numbers of participants to be able to detect small effects and estimate them precisely...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686879/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-qatar-one-year-anniversary
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Bakr, Ibrahim Al-Hijji, Naziha Menasria, Zeyd Merenkov, Safaa Al-Azzawi, Ruba Taha, Amaal Gulied, Catherine Anne Gillespie, Said Dermime, Effie Liakopoulou, Alexander Knuth
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers potentially curative therapy for many hematologic and nonhematologic conditions. As a successful outcome of Qatar's National Cancer Strategy, the HSCT program was started in the National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR) in October 2015. The HSCT program in NCCCR is the only transplant program in Qatar and self-sufficient with all three core components: the stem cell collection facility, the stem cell processing facility, and the clinical program, which are locally available at Hamad Medical Corporation...
June 29, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684197/adjustment-to-hand-injury-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-adjustment-in-relation-to-illness-perceptions-and-coping-strategies
#6
Catherine Turkington, Martin Dempster, Jennifer Maguire
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. INTRODUCTION: Hand injuries are highly prevalent, and the impact they have on physical, emotional, and functional adjustment is well recognized. Increasingly, adjustment to health conditions including hand injuries is being understood in terms of psychological variables. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the role of illness beliefs and coping strategies in adjustment to hand injury. Adjustment was considered from a complete perspective including quality of life (QOL) and functional ability as well as mood and trauma symptoms...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678925/gestational-protein-restriction-increases-cardiac-connexin-43-mrna-levels-in-male-adult-rat-offspring
#7
Kamila Fernanda Rossini, Camila Andrea de Oliveira, Hércules Jonas Rebelato, Marcelo Augusto Marreto Esquisatto, Rosana Catisti
Background: The dietary limitation during pregnancy influences the growth and development of the fetus and offspring and their health into adult life. The mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of gestational protein restriction (GPR) in the development of the offspring hearts are not well understood. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of GPR on cardiac structure in male rat offspring at day 60 after birth (d60). Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were fed a normal-protein (NP, 17% casein) or low-protein (LP, 6% casein) diet...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654801/hybrid-governance-of-aquaculture-opportunities-and-challenges
#8
Joanna Vince, Marcus Haward
The development of third party assessment and certification of fisheries and aquaculture has provided new forms of governance in sectors that were traditionally dominated by state based regulation. Emerging market based approaches are driven by shareholder expectations as well as commitment to corporate social responsibility, whereas community engagement is increasingly centered on the questions of social license to operate. Third party assessment and certification links state, market and community into an interesting and challenging hybrid form of governance...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649120/must-we-embody-context
#9
Barbara Hahn
The essays in this forum brace this meditation on the historiography of technology. Understanding devices incorporates the context of any particular hardware, as John Staudenmaier showed by quantifying the contents of the first decades of Technology and Culture. As contextualist approaches have widened from systems theory through social construction and into the assemblages of actor-network theory, the discipline has kept artifacts at the analytical center: it is the history of technology that scholars seek to understand...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647328/effects-of-feeding-an-immunomodulatory-supplement-to-heat-stressed-or-actively-cooled-cows-during-late-gestation-on-postnatal-immunity-health-and-growth-of-calves
#10
Amy L Skibiel, Thiago F Fabris, Fabiana N Corrá, Yazielis M Torres, Derek J McLean, James D Chapman, David J Kirk, Geoffrey E Dahl, Jimena Laporta
Heat stress during late gestation negatively affects the physiology, health, and productivity of dairy cows as well as the calves developing in utero. Providing cows with active cooling devices, such as fans and soakers, and supplementing cows with an immunomodulating feed additive, OmniGen-AF (OG; Phibro Animal Health Corporation), improves immune function and milk yield of cows. It is unknown if maternal supplementation of OG combined with active cooling during late gestation might benefit the developing calf as well...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634428/marketization-in-long-term-care-a-cross-country-comparison-of-large-for-profit-nursing-home-chains
#11
Charlene Harrington, Frode F Jacobsen, Justin Panos, Allyson Pollock, Shailen Sutaria, Marta Szebehely
This article presents cross-country comparisons of trends in for-profit nursing home chains in Canada, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, and the United States. Using public and private industry reports, the study describes ownership, corporate strategies, costs, and quality of the 5 largest for-profit chains in each country. The findings show that large for-profit nursing home chains are increasingly owned by private equity investors, have had many ownership changes over time, and have complex organizational structures...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626625/engagement-in-health-and-wellness-an-online-incentive-based-program
#12
Teresa B Gibson, J Ross Maclean, Ginger S Carls, Brian J Moore, Emily D Ehrlich, Victoria Fener, Jordan Goldberg, Elaine Mechanic, Colin Baigel
Increasingly, corporate health promotion programs are implementing wellness programs integrating principles of behavioral economics. Employees of a large firm were provided a customized online incentive program to design their own commitments to meet health goals. This study examines patterns of program participation and engagement in health promotion activities. Subjects were US-based employees of a large, nondurable goods manufacturing firm who were enrolled in corporate health benefits in 2010 and 2011. We assessed measures of engagement with the workplace health promotion program (e...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621753/media-coverage-of-alcohol-issues-a-critical-political-economy-framework-a-case-study-from-ireland
#13
Julien Mercille
There is a growing literature on news media representations of alcohol-related issues. However, current scholarship has neglected critical political economic frameworks to interpret media coverage of alcohol. This paper presents such a framework that conceives of news organisations as corporations that share the values and interests of political and economic elites. The media are thus expected to present viewpoints that are more aligned with the alcohol industry than the scientific consensus on public health policy would warrant...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618428/the-impact-of-circulating-mitochondrial-dna-on-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-myocardial-injury-after-tlr4-activation-in-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis
#14
Bangwei Wu, Huanchun Ni, Jian Li, Xinyu Zhuang, Jinjin Zhang, Zhiyong Qi, Qiying Chen, Zhichao Wen, Haiming Shi, Xinping Luo, Bo Jin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), acting as a newly found 'danger-associated molecular patterns' (DAMPs), is released into circulation upon tissue injury and performs as a considerable activator of inflammation and immune response. However, the role of circulating mtDNA in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) as well as Toll like receptor4 (TLR4) mediated cardiac inflammation and injury remains unknown. METHODS: A model of EAM was established in BALB/c mice by immunization with porcine cardiac myosin...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609355/association-between-employee-dental-claims-health-risks-workplace-productivity-and-preventive-services-compliance
#15
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Xingquan Li, Alyssa B Schultz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in health risks and workplace outcomes among employees who utilized preventive dental services compared with other employees. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of employees of a large financial services corporation, with data from health risk appraisal questionnaires, medical claims, pharmacy claims, and dental claims. RESULTS: Employees with no dental claims were significantly more likely to have a variety of health risk factors (such as obesity and tobacco use), health conditions (such as diabetes), absenteeism, and lost on-the-job productivity, and were significantly less likely to be compliant with clinical preventive services compared with those with preventive dental claims...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607244/policy-opportunities-and-limitations-of-evidence-based-planning-for-immunization-lessons-learnt-from-a-field-trial-in-bangladesh
#16
John Grundy, Shukhrat Rakhimdjanov, Merina Adhikari
Despite success in scaling up immunization, the national immunization programme in Bangladesh remains challenged by persisting inequities in health access related to geographic location and social factors, including income and education status. In order to tackle these inequities in access, the national immunization programme has conducted a field trial of the evidence-based planning model in Bangladesh between 2011 and 2013, in 11 low-performing districts and 3 city corporations. The main elements of this intervention included bottleneck analysis in local areas, action planning and budgeting to correct the bottlenecks, and establishment of a monitoring system to track progress...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604323/analysis-of-hiv-disease-burden-by-calculating-the-percentages-of-patients-with-cd4-counts-100-cells-%C3%A2%C2%B5l-across-52-districts-reveals-hot-spots-for-intensified-commitment-to-programmatic-support
#17
Lindi Marie Coetzee, Naseem Cassim, Deborah Kim Glencross
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA)'s Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment (CCMT) programme has reduced new HIV infections and HIV-related deaths. In spite of progress made, 11.2% of South Africans (4.02 million) were living with HIV in 2015. OBJECTIVE: The National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) in SA performs CD4 testing in support of the CCMT programme and collates data through the NHLS Corporate Data Warehouse. The objective of this study was to assess the distribution of CD4 counts <100 cells/µL (defining severely immunosuppressed HIV-positive patients) and >500 cells/µL (as an HIV-positive 'wellness' indicator)...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595436/ethical-challenges-in-extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-use
#18
EDITORIAL
Tony Makdisi, George Makdisi
The immense increase of patients treated with extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the last few years, along with the uncertainty of outcomes as well as the lack of clarity on the intended treatment direction, these situations which are considered by some to be just delaying of death and even worse than death. These circumstances create disagreements among surrogates, and between health care providers and surrogates, and emerge unique ethical challenges about the use of this new technology. In this article we discuss these challenging questions...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586942/-drawing-up-a-guideline-for-handling-information-and-communication-technology-flexibility-and-availability-in-small-and-medium-enterprises
#19
Veronika Weilnhammer, Stefanie Heinze, Barbara Heiden, Esther Palm, Britta Herbig, Gabriele Lüke, Dennis Nowak, Jürgen Glaser, Caroline Eva Wella Herr
Background Within the last decades the world of work has changed enormously. Due to new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), working at any time from any place has become possible. Flexibility, availability and the dissolution of boundaries between work and private life are the possible results of this development. The spread of this development and possible consequences on the affected employee's health and wellbeing have been examined so far especially in big companies. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) are rarely subjects of scientific studies in this context...
June 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586257/the-impact-of-specialized-telephonic-guides-on-employee-engagement-in-corporate-well-being-programs
#20
Nicholas L Boerger, Nathan A Barleen, Mary L Marzec, Daniel P Moloney, Jeff Dobro
Employer-sponsored well-being programs have been growing in popularity as a means to control rising health care costs and increase workplace productivity. Engagement by employees is necessary for these programs to achieve their desired effects. Extrinsic motivators in the form of incentives and surcharges are commonly introduced by employer program sponsors to promote meaningful engagement. Although these may be successful in achieving a degree of engagement, individuals benefit by being intrinsically motivated as they modify behaviors and improve short- and long-term well-being...
June 6, 2017: Population Health Management
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