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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777520/relationship-of-eating-patterns-and-metabolic-parameters-and-teneligliptin-treatment-interim-results-from-post-marketing-surveillance-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients
#1
Takashi Kadowaki, Masakazu Haneda, Hiroshi Ito, Kazuyo Sasaki, Sonoe Hiraide, Miyuki Matsukawa, Makoto Ueno
INTRODUCTION: Healthy eating is a critical aspect of the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Disrupted eating patterns can result in poor glucose control and increase the likelihood of diabetic complications. Teneligliptin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity for 24 h and suppresses postprandial hyperglycemia after all three daily meals. This interim analysis of data from the large-scale post-marketing surveillance of teneligliptin (RUBY) in Japan examined eating patterns and their relationship with metabolic parameters and diabetic complications...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764114/accelerating-the-worldwide-adoption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-strengthening-commitment-and-capacity-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#2
Phillip Baker, Alexandra Jones, Anne Marie Thow
In their recent article Roache and Gostin outline why governments and public health advocates should embrace soda taxes. The evidence is strong and continues to grow: such taxes can change consumer behavior, generate significant revenue and incentivize product reformulation. In essence, such taxes are an important and now well-established instrument of fiscal and public health policy. In this commentary we expand on their arguments by considering how the worldwide adoption of such taxes might be further accelerated...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739444/workplace-wellness-programming-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-study-of-corporate-key-informants-in-mexico-and-india
#3
Heather Wipfli, Kristin Dessie Zacharias, Nuvjote Nivvy Hundal, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi, Shubha Kumar
BACKGROUND: A qualitative study of key informant semi-structured interviews were conducted between March and July 2016 in Mexico and India to achieve the following aims: to explore corporations' and stakeholders' views, attitudes and expectations in relation to health, wellness and cancer prevention in two middle-income countries, and to determine options for health professions to advance their approach to workplace wellness programming globally, including identifying return-on-investment incentives for corporations to implement wellness programming...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729971/proximal-corporal-perforation-during-penile-prosthesis-surgery-prevention-recognition-and-review-of-historical-and-novel-management-strategies
#4
Amy M Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
BACKGROUND: Proximal corporal perforation at time of dilation, although rare, may occur due to factors related to patient anatomy, presence of intra-cavernosal fibrosis, and/or surgical technique. AIM: To describe tools and techniques designed to prevent and identify proximal corporal perforation, and maneuvers to minimize the risk of subsequent cylinder migration once proximal perforation has been recognized, such that the operation may proceed and result in an acceptable outcome...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713531/geographical-differences-in-semen-characteristics-of-13-892-infertile-men
#5
Haitham Elbardisi, Ahmad Majzoub, Sami Al Said, Khalid Al Rumaihi, Walid El Ansari, Alia Alattar, Mohamed Arafa
Objective: To assess the relationship between geographical differences and all semen parameters, across 13,892 infertile men of 84 diverse nationalities, recruited at a specialised tertiary hospital that represents the main healthcare provider in Qatar. Male infertility is an important and global public health problem. Despite this, there is a significant scarcity of epidemiological male infertility and semen analysis research in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, as well as geographical comparisons with other parts of the world...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705429/technical-note-evaluation-of-a-wireless-pulse-oximeter-for-measuring-arterial-oxygen-saturation-and-pulse-rate-in-newborn-holstein-friesian-calves
#6
P Kanz, S Krieger, M Drillich, M Iwersen
Pulse oximetry is a well-established technique in human and veterinary medicine. In farm animals, it could also be a useful tool for the detection of critical conditions relating to oxygen supply and the cardiovascular system. Among other uses, an innovative application could be the monitoring of fetuses during birth. This could help in the early identification of critical situations and support farmers and veterinarians in their decision to start obstetric or life-support interventions. Until now, however, its use in ruminant medicine was still limited to experimental applications...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692570/comparative-effect-of-implant-abutment-connections-abutment-angulations-and-screw-lengths-on-preloaded-abutment-screw-using-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Krishna Chaitanya Kanneganti, Dileep Nag Vinnakota, Srinivas Rao Pottem, Mahesh Pulagam
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of implant-abutment connections, abutment angulations, and screw lengths on screw loosening (SL) of preloaded abutment using three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis. Materials and Methods: 3D models of implants (conical connection with hex/trilobed connections), abutments (straight/angulated), abutment screws (short/long), and crown and bone were designed using software Parametric Technology Corporation Creo and assembled to form 8 simulations...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680881/baricitinib-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-an-inadequate-response-to-conventional-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-united-states-and-rest-of-world-a-subset-analysis
#8
Alvin F Wells, Maria Greenwald, John D Bradley, Jahangir Alam, Vipin Arora, Cynthia E Kartman
INTRODUCTION: This article evaluates the efficacy and safety of baricitinib 4 mg versus placebo in United States including Puerto Rico (US) and rest of the world (ROW) subpopulations using data pooled from RA-BEAM and RA-BUILD, which enrolled patients with moderate-to-severe adult-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In RA-BEAM, patients with an inadequate response (IR) to methotrexate, at least one X-ray erosion, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ≥ 6 mg/L were randomized to placebo or orally administered baricitinib 4 mg daily or subcutaneously administered adalimumab 40 mg every other week...
April 21, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678070/quasi-monopoly-status-of-a-non-for-profit-reference-terminology-provider-an-exemplary-approach-on-transparency-improvement-regarding-licensing
#9
Heike Dewenter, Sylvia Thun
As the reference terminology SNOMED CT is gaining in significance and seems without alternative in interoperable Electronic Health Records, the holder of its intellectual property, the non-for-profit organization SNOMED International has achieved a quasi-monopoly status as a provider. We examine the current dealing with corporate transparency regarding SNOMED CT licensing together with policy recommendations derived from the research project ASSESS CT, in the context of collaboration with Standardization Organizations...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666690/small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-masquerading-as-a-cervical-fibroid-report-of-a-rare-entity
#10
Mukta Pujani, Kanika Singh, Varsha Chauhan, Raina Chawla, Rashmi Ahuja
Primary neuroendocrine tumours of the cervix are extremely rare, with an incidence of only 0.5-1%; as such, these entities can present a clinical and diagnostic challenge. Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the cervix are highly aggressive tumours that have a tendency to metastasise. We report a 44-year-old woman who presented to the Gynaecology Clinic of the Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College & Hospital, Faridabad, India, in 2016 with menorrhagia . Based on a clinical examination, she was provisionally diagnosed with a cervical fibroid...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666390/distribution-and-clinical-associations-of-integrating-conjugative-elements-and-cag-pathogenicity-islands-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-indonesia
#11
Langgeng Agung Waskito, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Maria Inge Lusida, Ari Fahrial Syam, Rumiko Suzuki, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomohisa Uchida, Muhammad Hamdan, Nasronudin, Yoshio Yamaoka
The clinical associations and correlations with other virulence factors such as cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of the Integrating Conjugative Elements Helicobacter pylori TFSS (ICEHptfs), a new type IV secretion system (TFSS) in H. pylori has not been described. Among 103 studied strains from Indonesia, almost all strains (99.0%) contained cag PAI with more than half (55.8%) were intact cag PAI. Patients infected with intact cag PAI strains showed significantly higher antral activity, inflammation and atrophy as well as corporal inflammation than those with non-intact cag PAI strains, confirming the virulence of cag PAI...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662305/parental-preference-and-perspectives-on-continuous-pulse-oximetry-in-infants-and-children-with-bronchiolitis
#12
Mohamed A Hendaus, Suzan Nassar, Bassil A Leghrouz, Ahmed H Alhammadi, Mohammed Alamri
Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate parental preference of continuous pulse oximetry in infants and children with bronchiolitis. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. Parents of infants and children <24 months old and hospitalized with bronchiolitis were offered an interview survey. Results: A total of 132 questionnaires were completed (response rate 100%)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661240/access-factors-linked-to-maternal-deaths-in-lundazi-district-eastern-province-of-zambia-a-case-control-study-analysing-maternal-death-reviews
#13
Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women's health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in any community globally. This study aimed to analyse the access risk factors linked to maternal deaths in Lundazi district of the Eastern Province of Zambia using secondary data obtained from maternal death reviews and delivery registers. METHODS: This was a case-control study with cases being recorded maternal deaths for Lundazi district (n = 100) while controls were randomly selected Lundazi District Hospital deliveries (n = 300) for the period 2010 to 2015...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660728/corporate-carbon-footprint-for-country-climate-change-mitigation-a-case-study-of-a-tannery-in-turkey
#14
Eylem Kılıç, Rita Puig, Gökhan Zengin, Candaş Adıgüzel Zengin, Pere Fullana-I-Palmer
Assessment of carbon emissions and environmental impact of production is indispensable to achieve a sustainable industrial production in Turkey, especially for those companies willing to compete in new international green markets. In this case study, corporate carbon footprint of a representative Turkish tanning company was analyzed. Inventory and impact data are presented to help in the environmental decision-making process. The results indicate that significant environmental impacts were caused during the landfilling of solid wastes as well as the production of the electricity and fuel required in the tannery...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658766/-why-do-victims-become-perpetrators-intergenerational-transmission-of-parental-violence-in-a-representative-german-sample
#15
Deborah F Hellmann, Anja Stiller, Christoffer Glaubitz, Sören Kliem
Child maltreatment can severely impair children's emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants' knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we identified specific risk markers for the intergenerational transmission of parental violence...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649115/public-health-care-financing-and-the-costs-of-cancer-care-a-cross-national-analysis
#16
Ana Iolanda Voda, Ionel Bostan
Expenditure and financing aspects in the healthcare system in general, and in cancer care in particular, are subjects of increasing concern to the medical community. Nowadays, it is imperative for the healthcare system to respond to the challenge of universal access to quality healthcare, by measuring the financial resources within the healthcare sector. The purpose of this review is to highlight the major gaps in the healthcare expenditures for all types of care, as well as on cancer and anti-cancer drugs across 28 European Union member states...
April 12, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626734/a-survey-on-barrett-s-esophagus-analysis-using-machine-learning
#17
REVIEW
Luis A de Souza, Christoph Palm, Robert Mendel, Christian Hook, Alanna Ebigbo, Andreas Probst, Helmut Messmann, Silke Weber, João P Papa
This work presents a systematic review concerning recent studies and technologies of machine learning for Barrett's esophagus (BE) diagnosis and treatment. The use of artificial intelligence is a brand new and promising way to evaluate such disease. We compile some works published at some well-established databases, such as Science Direct, IEEEXplore, PubMed, Plos One, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Springer, and Hindawi Publishing Corporation...
March 30, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626633/serum-lipoproteins-are-not-associated-with-the-severity-of-asthma
#18
Federica Scaduto, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Alida Benfante, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo, Nicola Scichilone
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the bronchi with a complicated and largely unknown pathogenesis. In this context, an emerging role is attributed to the apolipoproteins which serve as structural components of plasma lipoproteins. Low density lipoproteins (LDL) may be involved in the inflammatory pathways of the asthmatic airways; in particular, small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles were associated with increased oxidative susceptibility compared to medium and large sized LDL...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608872/policy-approaches-for-regulating-alcohol-marketing-in-a-global-context-a-public-health-perspective
#19
Marissa B Esser, David H Jernigan
Alcohol consumption is responsible for 3.3 million deaths globally or nearly 6% of all deaths. Alcohol use contributes to both communicable and noncommunicable diseases, as well as violence and injuries. The purpose of this review is to discuss, in the context of the expansion of transnational alcohol corporations and harms associated with alcohol use, policy options for regulating exposure to alcohol marketing. We first provide an overview of the public health problem of harmful alcohol consumption and describe the association between exposure to alcohol marketing and alcohol consumption...
April 1, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605780/sustainability-performance-evaluation-literature-review-and-future-directions
#20
Gülçin Büyüközkan, Yağmur Karabulut
Current global economic activities are increasingly being perceived as unsustainable. Despite the high number of publications, sustainability science remains highly dispersed over diverse approaches and topics. This article aims to provide a structured overview of sustainability performance evaluation related publications and to document the current state of literature, categorize publications, analyze and link trends, as well as highlight gaps and provide research recommendations. 128 articles between 2007 and 2018 are identified...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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