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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929887/retail-food-reform-how-to-effectively-bridge-what-we-say-and-what-we-do-in-our-hospital-settings
#1
Laurie Dojeiji, Andra Taylor, Cholly Boland, Carolyn Brennan, Randy Penney
Hospital leaders in Eastern Ontario, Canada, have acknowledged the critical role of food to health and the need for progressive change that goes beyond personal responsibility paradigms. The Healthy Foods in Champlain Hospitals program aims to create supportive, healthy nutrition environments in hospital retail food settings. Twenty independent hospital corporations have collectively initiated a plan to transition cafeteria, vending, franchise, and volunteer operations towards healthier offerings. Hospitals are actively implementing a set of progressively phased, evidence-based nutrition criteria, which cover food and beverage categories, preparation methods, product placement, and provision of nutrition information...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929875/using-structured-incentives-to-increase-value-for-money-in-an-academic-health-sciences-centre
#2
Guy J Hébert, Connie Colasante, Renate G Ilse, Alan J Forster
As healthcare continues to consume more and more of provincial government spending, there is a continuing pressure to improve efficiency and cut overall costs. In this increasingly constrained healthcare system, value for money is a growing focus of discussions around accountability and system sustainability; healthcare leaders are required to find ways of measuring, enforcing, and reporting on that value. In 2014, our organization began implementing an innovative system of structured incentives, linking distribution of Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care academic physician funding to quality and performance goals...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922820/justifying-british-advertising-in-war-and-austerity-1939-51
#3
Philippa Haughton
Drawing together institutional papers, the trade- and national-press, and Mass-Observation documents, this article examines the changing ways that the Advertising Association justified commercial advertising from 1939 to 1951. It argues that the ability to repeatedly re-conceptualize the social and economic purposes of advertising was central to the industry's survival and revival during the years of war and austerity. This matters because the survival and revival of commercial advertising helps to explain the composition of the post-war mixed economy and the emergence of a consumer culture that became the 'golden age' of capitalism...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914752/ct-attenuation-of-pericoronary-adipose-tissue-in-normal-versus-atherosclerotic-coronary-segments-as-defined-by-intravascular-ultrasound
#5
Mohamed Marwan, Michaela Hell, Annika Schuhbäck, Sören Gauss, Daniel Bittner, Tobias Pflederer, Stephan Achenbach
BACKGROUND: The factors influencing genesis of atherosclerosis at specific regions within the coronary arterial system are currently uncertain. Local mechanical factors such as shear stress as well as metabolic factors, including inflammatory mediators released from epicardial fat, have been proposed. We analyzed computed tomographic (CT) attenuation of pericoronary adipose tissue in normal versus atherosclerotic coronary segments as defined by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the data sets of 29 patients who were referred for invasive coronary angiography and in whom IVUS of 1 coronary vessel was performed for clinical reasons...
September 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912539/diphenyleneiodonium-chloride-dpic-displays-broad-spectrum-bactericidal-activity
#6
Manitosh Pandey, Alok Kumar Singh, Ritesh Thakare, Sakshi Talwar, Pratiksha Karaulia, Arunava Dasgupta, Sidharth Chopra, Amit Kumar Pandey
Indiscriminate use of antibiotics globally has lead to an increase in emergence of drug-resistant pathogens under both nosocomial, as well as more worryingly, in community setting as well. Further, a decrease in the corporate interest and financial commitment has exerted increasing pressure on a rapidly dwindling antimicrobial drug discovery and developmental program. In this context, we have screened the Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC, Sigma) against Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis to identify potent novel antimicrobial molecules amongst non-antibiotic molecules...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902525/lurasidone-efficacy-and-safety-in-the-treatment-of-psychotic-and-mood-disorders
#7
Maurizio Pompili, Claudio Verzura, Giada Trovini, Andrea Buscajoni, Giulia Falcone, Stefano Naim, Adele Nardella, Serena Sorice, Ross J Baldessarini, Paolo Girardi
Lurasidone ([3aR,4S,7R,7aS]-2-[(1R,2R)-2-[4-(1,2-benzisothiazol-3-yl)piperazin-1yl-methyl] cyclohexylmethyl]-hexahydro-4,7-methano-2H-isoindole-1,3-dione hydrochloride; Latuda® [LRSD]) is a novel benzisothiazole, second-generation antipsychotic drug developed by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Corporation in Japan. Similar to other atypical antipsychotics it has a distinctive pharmacodynamic profile, Areas covered: This review updates reported research findings on the efficacy, safety and tolerability of LRSD for treatment of psychotic and major affective disorders, with meta-analyses...
September 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883182/it-decision-making-in-german-hospitals-do-ceos-open-the-black-box
#8
Johannes Thye, Ursula Hübner, Jens Hüsers, Birgit Babitsch
Health IT and communication systems are indispensable in German hospitals for clinical as well as administrative process support. However, IT is often regarded as a "black box" for hospital CEOs. Thus, the question arises how can CEOs decide if they do not know what is in the box? In order to answer this question, half-structured interviews with 14 German hospital CEOs were conducted. They revealed three principle decision processes: the supported decision, the joint decision and the corporate level decision...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876139/taxes-bankruptcy-costs-and-capital-structure-in-for-profit-and-not-for-profit-hospitals
#9
Sean S Huang, Jie Yang, Nathan Carroll
About 60% of the US hospitals are not-for-profit and it is not clear how traditional theories of capital structure should be adapted to understand the borrowing behavior of not-for-profit hospitals. This paper identifies important determinants of capital structure taken from theories describing for-profit firms as well as prior literature on not-for-profit hospitals. We examine the differential effects these factors have on the capital structure of for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals. Specifically, we use a difference-in-differences regression framework to study how differences in leverage between for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals change in response to key explanatory variables (i...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866236/differential-accumulation-of-flavonoids-and-phytohormones-resulting-from-the-canopy-rootstock-interaction-of-citrus-plants-subjected-to-dehydration-rehydration
#10
Ivanildes C Dos Santos, Alex-Alan Furtado de Almeida, Carlos P Pirovani, Márcio Gilberto Cardoso Costa, Maria Fatima das Graças Fernandes da Silva, Barbara Sayuri Bellete, Luciano Freschi, Walter Soares Filho, Maurício Antônio Coelho Filho, Abelmon da Silva Gesteira
Water scarcity can elicit drastic changes in plant metabolic and hormonal regulation, which may be of fundamental importance to stress tolerance. The study of plant the metabolic alterations in response to water deficit, especially the effects of the rootstocks level, is important to elucidate the mechanisms associated to drought tolerance. To verify the influence of rootstock and grafting on the tolerance to drought in citrus plants, we analyzed the growth, phytohormone levels and flavonoid profiles in grafted and ungrafted citrus plants subjected to different soil water regimes on plant status (well-watered, moderate drought and severe drought and rehydrated) under field conditions...
August 25, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864798/future-organization-of-oral-health-services-delivery-from-2012-to-2042
#11
L Jackson Brown
The United States is currently experiencing a vortex of change in both general health and oral health care delivery, the ultimate outcome of which is still not well understood. The specific focus of this article is to examine the future organization of the oral health services delivery system (OHSDS) in the U.S., with special attention given to the role of large group dental practices (LGDPs) in that future. The article describes the various types of LGDPs and their ability to change the economic characteristics of the OHSDS...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863030/persistent-super-utilization-of-acute-care-services-among-subgroups-of-veterans-experiencing-homelessness
#12
Dorota Szymkowiak, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Erin E Johnson, Todd Manning, Thomas P O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Acute health care utilization often occurs among persons experiencing homelessness. However, knowing which individuals will be persistent super-utilizers of acute care is less well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify those more likely to be persistent super-utilizers of acute care services. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a latent class analysis of secondary data from the Veterans Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse, and Homeless Operations Management and Evaluation System...
August 31, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#13
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857975/finding-like-minded-partners-to-span-the-continuum-of-care
#14
Bruce Lawrence
This is an era of profound industry transformation, characterized by such forces as acceleration away from inpatient-centered care and toward alternative payment models, rising rates of chronic disease, and an aging population. Add to this mix physician and nurse shortages and a newfound understanding that today's patients are informed consumers, and the reality becomes clear: Healthcare providers must be adaptable, agile, and innovative to survive. Sometimes, the best way forward in transformative times is collaboration with other like-minded organizations...
October 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856236/overweight-and-body-image-perception-in-adolescents-with-triage-of-eating-disorders
#15
Roberta Stofeles Cecon, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Silvia Eloiza Priore
PURPOSE: To verify the influence of overweight and alteration in the perception of the corporal image during the triage of eating disorders. METHOD: A food disorder triage was performed in adolescents with 10 to 19 years of age using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), as well as a nutritional status evaluation. The perception of body image was evaluated in a subsample of adolescents with 10 to 14 years of age, using the Brazilian Silhouette Scale...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846578/the-lung-rescue-unit-does-a-dedicated-intensive-care-unit-for-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-improve-survival-to-discharge
#16
Jay Menaker, Katelyn Dolly, Raymond Rector, Joseph Kufera, Eugenia E Lee, Ali Tabatabai, Ronald P Rabinowitz, Zachary N Kon, Pablo Sanchez, Si Pham, Daniel L Herr, James V O'Connor, Deborah M Stein, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND: The use of venovenous extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) for acute respiratory failure (ARF)/acute respiratory (ARDS) has increased since 2009. Specialized units for patients requiring VV ECMO are not standard and patients are often cohorted with other critically ill patients. The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of adult patients admitted in 2015 to the lung rescue unit, which, to our knowledge, is the first intensive care unit in the United States that has been specifically created to provide care for patients requiring VV ECMO...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826866/anatomy-of-the-alar-ligament
#17
Joe Iwanaga, Juan P Sardi, Tyler Laws, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
OBJECTIVE: There are four layers of ligamentous stabilizers at the cranio-cervical junction and the second layer is comprised of the apical and paired alar ligaments. The purpose of this study is to establish the tensile strength of the alar ligaments for better understanding the implications that can arise from trauma and other pathologies in the craniocervical region. METHODS: Nineteen sides from ten fresh frozen adult cadaveric Caucasian heads were used in this study...
August 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826798/risk-of-stroke-in-congestive-heart-failure-with-and-without-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Si-Hyuck Kang, Joonghee Kim, Jin Joo Park, Il-Young Oh, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Hee-Jun Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Dong-Ju Choi
BACKGROUND: Heart failure has been associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke. This study estimated the risk of stroke and thromboembolism for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) in the context of the general population, especially compared to those with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Data of patients discharged alive from 2003 to 2012 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Corporation sample cohort. Subjects were classified into control (n=90,277), CHF (n=4533), AF (n=1187), and CHF plus AF (n=1213) groups...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819377/effect-of-pomalidomide-on-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Runzhe Chen, Yujie Wang, Chengxin Luan, Chong Gao, Xiaoping Zhang, Baoan Chen
In this work, we aim to further analyze the effect of pomalidomide for relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE was conducted on September 20, 2016. Pooled effect size (ES) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects model. STATA software (version 12.0; Stata Corporation; College Station, TX, USA) was employed to do all statistical analyses. A total of 8 studies were included for analysis. The combined results demonstrated that the pooled proportion of overall response rate (ORR) was 0...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816500/research-challenges-in-financial-data-modeling-and-analysis
#20
Lewis Alexander, Sanjiv R Das, Zachary Ives, H V Jagadish, Claire Monteleoni
Significant research challenges must be addressed in the cleaning, transformation, integration, modeling, and analytics of Big Data sources for finance. This article surveys the progress made so far in this direction and obstacles yet to be overcome. These are issues that are of interest to data-driven financial institutions in both corporate finance and consumer finance. These challenges are also of interest to the legal profession as well as to regulators. The discussion is relevant to technology firms that support the growing field of FinTech...
September 2017: Big Data
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