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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395018/self-injection-of-household-cleaning-detergents-into-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-reservoir-during-a-suicide-attempt-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Jason W Signorelli, Joshua W Osbun, Eric J Arias, Lauren C Reynolds, Douglas Chyatte, Matthew R Reynolds
Self-injection of household cleaning detergents (more specifically, commercial toilet bowl cleaner) into the reservoir of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) has never been reported in the neurosurgical literature. A right-handed 41-year-old female with a past medical history significant for bipolar depression (with multiple prior hospital admissions for suicide attempts) and pseudotumor cerebri (status-post VPS placement from a right frontal approach) successfully injected ∼5 ml of toilet bowl cleaner into her ventricular shunt reservoir during a suicide attempt...
September 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076931/tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-tapse-can-predict-the-outcome-of-isolated-tricuspid-valve-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-cardiac-surgery
#2
Xiaoning Sun, Hongqiang Zhang, Baier Aike, Shouguo Yang, Zhaohua Yang, Lili Dong, Fanshun Wang, Chunsheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Isolated tricuspid valve replacement is rare when performed as a re-operation after a left side operation. It is important to know the factors that determine mortality and morbidity. Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) is a scoring system that is used with non-invasive Doppler echocardiography to determine right ventricular (RV) function. This study analyzed TAPSE scores and adverse outcomes of isolated tricuspid valve surgery in patients with previous cardiac surgery...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030002/homozygous-pkp2-deletion-associated-with-neonatal-left-ventricule-non-compaction
#3
Francis Ramond, Alexandre Janin, Sylvie Di Filippo, Valérie Chanavat, Lara Chalabreysse, Nathalie Roux-Buisson, Damien Sanlaville, Renaud Touraine, Gilles Millat
Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by a trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular myocardial recesses that communicate with the left ventricular cavity. Several genetic causes of LVNC have been reported, with variable modes of inheritance, including autosomal dominant and X-linked inheritance, but relatively few responsible genes have been identified. A NGS workflow, based on a panel of 95 genes developed for sequencing most prevalent sudden cardiac death-causing genes, was used to make a rapid and costless molecular diagnosis in two siblings with a severe non-compaction cardiomyopathy starting prenatally and leading to rapid cardiac failure...
March 31, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862476/ventriculitis-due-to-infection-with-rhizopus-arrhizus
#4
Stefan Hagel, Christian Ewald, Torsten Doenst, Svea Sachse, Jürgen Roedel, Mathias W Pletz
A 52-year-old heart-lung transplant patient presented to the emergency department with acute onset of neurologic symptoms. MRI showed ballooning of the left ventricle, midline shift and contrast enhancement in the anterior horn of the left ventricle. Ventricle neuroendoscopy revealed whitish, floccose aerial structures within the left ventricle. Brain biopsy cultures grew Rhizopus arrhizus. Therapy with liposomale amphotericin B and posaconazole was performed. Except for hemianopsia and deficits in minute motor activity, the patient completely recovered...
December 2015: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859871/an-intra-cerebral-abscess-in-a-patient-with-eisenmenger-syndrome-an-unusual-case
#5
Allan Hall, Mark A J White, Pasquale Gallo
INTRODUCTION: We present an unusual case where a large intra-cerebral abscess with severe complications was treated successfully with medical management alone in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 40 year old patient with Eisenmenger syndrome presented with a seven day history of headache, neck pain and intermittent vomiting and fever. The only neurological examination finding was blurred vision. MRI revealed a large left occipital lobe abscess, which subsequently ruptured into the lateral ventricle with associated ventriculitis and hydrocephalus...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851694/aggregatibacter-aphrophilus-ventriculitis-following-c1-c2-transarticular-screw-fixation
#6
Sina Tok, Marian Christoph Neidert, Guido Bloemberg, Oguzkan Sürücü
OBJECTIVE: Central nervous system (CNS) infections after cervical spine surgery are a rare but serious complication and may be caused by uncommon pathogens. We report the case of a 57-year-old male who developed slowly progressive mental confusion with headaches, increased daytime sleepiness and mild gait disturbance within the last 3 weeks. Six weeks prior to admission to our department, he underwent an atlantoaxial fusion by C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation for rheumatoid arthritis related C1-C2 multidirectional instability...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26847357/histophilosis-as-a-natural-disease
#7
REVIEW
D O'Toole, K S Sondgeroth
Histophilus somni is responsible for sporadic disease worldwide in cattle and, to a lesser extent, in small ruminants, bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), and North American bison (Bison bison). The importance of H. somni diseases can be attributed to improved clinical and laboratory recognition, combined with the growth in intensive management practices for cattle. Although outbreaks of bovine histophilosis can occur year-round, in northern and southern hemispheres, it is most frequent in late fall and early winter...
2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775504/-normal-reference-values-and-predict-equations-of-heart-function
#8
Zhi-nan Lu, Sun Xing-guo, Song-shou Mao, M J Budoff, W W Stringer, Wan-gang Ge, Hao Li, Jie Huang, Fang Liu, Sheng-shou Hu
OBJECTIVE: For heart functional parameters, we commonly used normal range. The reference values and predict formulas of heart functional parameters and their relationships with individual characteristics are still lack. METHODS: Left ventricular (LV) volumes (end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF) and cardiac output (CO) were measured by cardiac CT angiography (CAT) in 1 200 healthy Caucasian volunteers, men 807 and women 393, and age 20-90yr...
July 2015: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26771098/-brain-abscess-due-to-infection-with-dematiaceous-fungi-cladophialophora-bantiana-associated-with-hypogammaglobulinemia-following-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#9
Takafumi Shimogawa, Tetsuro Sayama, Sei Haga, Tomoaki Akiyama, Kosuke Makihara, Takato Morioka
Dematiaceous fungi have melanin-like pigment in the cell wall and usually cause a variety of dermal infections in humans. Infections of the central nervous system(cerebral phaeohyphomycosis)are rare but serious, since they commonly occur in immunocompromized patients. A 76-year-old man was admitted with mild motor aphasia and underwent total excision of a mass in the left frontal lobe. With the postoperative diagnosis of brain abscess due to infection with dematiaceous fungi (C. bantiana) associated with hypogammaglobulinemia following gastrectomy, intravenous antifungal drugs including amphotericin B and fluconazole were administered...
January 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757549/-effect-of-chrysin-on-expression-of-nox4-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-right-ventricle-of-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-of-rats
#10
Xian-wei Li, Bo Guo, Yuan-yuan Shen, Jie-ren Yang
The aim of the present study is to investigate the protective effect of chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) on right ventricular remodeling in a rat model of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH rats were induced by a single injection of monocrotaline (60 mg x kg(-1), sc) and were administered with chrysin (50 or 100 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) for 4 weeks. At the end of experiment, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) were monitored via the right jugular vein catheterization into the right ventricle...
September 2015: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26737793/myocardial-contractility-assessed-by-dynamic-electrical-impedance-measurements-during-dobutamine-stress
#11
Tomas Garcia-Sanchez, Esther Jorge, Gerard Amoros-Figueras, Ramon Bragos, Joan Cinca, Javier Rosell-Ferrer
In this study, the electrical impedance of myocardial tissue is measured dynamically during the cardial cycle. The multisine-based approach used to perform electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements allows acquiring complete spectral impedance information of the tissue dynamics during contraction. Measurements are performed in situ in the left ventricule of swines during contractility stress tests induced by dobutamine infusion. Additionally, the ECG and the left ventricular (LV) pressure are also acquired synchronously to the impedance signals...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683851/aortic-elastic-properties-and-myocardial-performance-index-are-impaired-in-patients-with-lichen-planus
#12
C Koseoglu, M Erdogan, A G Ertem, G Koseoglu, G Akoglu, A Aktas, E Ozdemir, O Kurmus, T Durmaz, T Keles, E Bozkurt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the elastic properties of the aorta and the myocardial performance index of the left ventricle (LV) in patients with lichen planus (LP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients with LP and 50 controls were enrolled in the study. The 2 groups were well-matched regarding age, gender, body mass index, any smoking history, diabetes mellitus and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP). The echocardiographic examination was performed on the study subjects and the controls...
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26351446/primary-intraventricular-brain-abscess-resulting-in-isolated-dilation-of-the-inferior-horn-and-unilateral-hydrocephalus
#13
Joji Inamasu, Shigeta Moriya, Yushi Kawazoe, Shinya Nagahisa, Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Yuichi Hirose
Primary intraventricular brain abscesses are rare, and there are no established treatment guidelines for this condition. We report a case in which isolated ventricular dilatation and unilateral hydrocephalus developed after seemingly successful conservative management and which required surgical diversion of the cerebrospinal fluid. A 59-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with high-grade fever and headache. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed abscesses in the bilateral posterior horn...
May 2015: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197906/-current-surgical-treatment-for-patients-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-from-the-viewpoint-of-emergent-operation
#14
Yujiro Ide, Kisaburo Sakamoto
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is one of the most challenging congenital heart defects which require surgical interventions during neonatal period. Since the 1st successful surgical repair was reported by Norwood et al. more than 30 years ago, some modifications in surgical maneuver [e. g. introduction of right ventricule (RV)-pulmonary artery (PA) shunt] and improvement of perioperative management have brought better outcome for this patient cohort. Recent years our institute have changed the treatment strategy from primary Norwood operation during neonatal period to bilateral PA banding and subsequent Norwood operation during early infantile (we call it as "rapid 2 stage Norwood operation")...
July 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26083434/cerebral-ventriculitis-associated-with-otogenic-meningoencephalitis-in-a-dog
#15
Chih-Ching Wu, Ya-Pei Chang
A dog was evaluated for rapidly progressive mentation change, ataxia, and tetraparesis. The dog's neurological status deteriorated drastically. It became comatose with bilateral mydriasis, and the pupillary light reflex was absent. An anti-inflammatory dose of methylprednisolone was administered, and temporary stabilization of neurological status was achieved. MRI findings were suggestive of ventriculitis and meningoencephalitis originating from the left tympanic cavity. A gadolinium leakage phenomenon was noted, likely resulting from severe damage to the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier during the inflammatory process...
July 2015: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25714197/assessment-of-myocardial-ischemia-in-obese-individuals-undergoing-physical-stress-echocardiography-pse
#16
Mara Graziele Maciel Silveira, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Marcos Antônio Almeida Santos, Irlaneide da Silva Tavares, Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Luiza Dantas Melo, Loren Suyane Oliveira de Andrade, Emmanuel Lima Almeida Santos, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Physical stress echocardiography is an established methodology for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in patients with physical capacity. In obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) the usefulness of pharmacological stress echocardiography has been demonstrated; however, has not been reported the use of physical stress echocardiography in this growing population group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of myocardial ischemia in obese and non-obese patients undergoing physical stress echocardiography and compare their clinical and echocardiographic differences...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25635977/does-the-inhibition-of-renin-angiotensin-system-decrease-inter-dialytic-weight-gain-in-anuric-hemodialysis-patients
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Kutlucan, M Demir, Y Turker, M T Sezer, L Kutlucan, N Tunc, A Altuntas, Y Ugan
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about the inhibition of centrally located angiotensin-I (AT-I) receptors by highly lipophilic AT-I receptor blockers and its' effect are limited with experimental studies. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of Telmisartan on Inter-dialytic weight gain (IDWG) % and echocardiographic measurements in anuric hemodialysis (HD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of forty-one anuric HD patients with ≥ 6 months maintenance on HD were included in this prospective, randomized and self-controlled study...
January 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25283828/-pathognomonic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-finding-of-fluid-fluid-level-in-pyogenic-ventriculitis-two-case-reports
#18
Masahiro Hatakeyama, Masato Kanazawa, Ayako Ishihara, Yoshinari Tanabe, Takayoshi Shimohata, Masatoyo Nishizawa
Pyogenic ventriculitis is an uncommon and potentially fatal central nervous system infection. Delayed treatment due to non specific clinical symptoms may lead to an unfavorable outcome. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an important role in the diagnosis of pyogenic ventriculitis. We describe two patients with pyogenic ventriculitis presenting with a pathognomonic MRI finding. The first patient, a 77-year-old female, developed high fever and consciousness disturbance. MR images revealed hyperintense lesions with a fluid-fluid level in the bilateral lateral ventricles on diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) and hypointense lesions on T2-weighted images (T2WIs)...
2014: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25214959/effect-of-zhenwu-tang-granule-on-pressure-overloaded-left-ventricular-myocardial-hypertrophy-in-rats
#19
Zhi-Xiang Xie, Shu-Yin Wang, Zi-Jing Liang, Liang-Bo Zeng
BACKGROUND: In the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, few studies have focused on the compound preparations though there are many investigations. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Zhenwu Tang Granule on chronic pressure-overloaded left ventricular hypertrophy in rats. METHODS: The study was performed at the laboratory of Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease. Male SD rats were divided randomly into 3 groups: sham operation group (n=8), operation group (n=15) and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group (n=15)...
2010: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25179883/influence-of-the-left-ventricular-types-on-qt-intervals-in-hypertensive-patients
#20
Juraj Kunisek, Luka Zaputovic, Zlatko Cubranic, Leon Kunisek, Marta Zuvic Butorac, Ksenija Lukin-Eskinja, Rade Karlavaris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible electrophysiological background of the greater excitability of concentric and eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy types in relation to the asymmetric type. METHODS: 187 patients with essential hypertension, without ishaemic heart disease were divided into three groups with regard to left ventricule type: concentric (relative wall thickness >0.42, interventricular septum/left ventricular posterior wall ≤1.3), eccentric (left ventricular diameter in systoles >32, relative wall thickness <0...
January 2015: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
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