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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938746/women-s-career-priority-is-associated-with-attitudes-towards-family-planning-and-ethical-acceptance-of-reproductive-technologies
#1
Michael K Simoni, Lin Mu, Stephen C Collins
STUDY QUESTION: Do women who place high importance on career success have different perceptions of pregnancy planning, delayed reproduction, and the ethical acceptability of ART than women with less emphasis on their career? SUMMARY ANSWER: Career-focused women place more importance on pregnancy planning, have greater confidence in delayed childbearing, and are more ethically accepting of donor gamete ART than women who do not place as much importance on career success...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938403/change-in-weight-and-body-mass-index-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-in-korea-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#2
Yang-Hyun Kim, Seon Mee Kim, Kyung-do Han, Jang-Won Son, Seong-Su Lee, Sang Woo Oh, Won-Young Lee, Soon Jib Yoo
Background: Many studies have reported conflicting evidence on the association between weight change and mortality. Objective: We investigated the association between weight change and subsequent all-cause mortality, using a large-scale population-based cohort from the National Health Insurance System health checkup data between 2005 and 2015. Methods: A total of 11,524,763 subjects aged over 20 years were included. Weight was measured every two years and weight change over 4 years was divided into eight categories, from weight loss ≥15% to weight gain ≥20%, for every 5% of weight change...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938394/risk-factors-for-failure-of-bone-grafting-of-tibia-nonunions-and-segmental-bone-defects-a-new-preoperative-risk-assessment-score
#3
Michael A Maceroli, Mark J Gage, Brent T Wise, Daniel Connelly, Katherine Ordonio, Renan C Castillo, Molly P Jarman, Jason W Nascone, Robert V OʼToole, Marcus F Sciadini
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinically useful prediction model of success at the time of surgery to promote bone healing for established tibial nonunion or traumatic bone defects. DESIGN: Retrospective case controlled. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Adult patients treated with surgery for established tibia fracture nonunion or traumatic bone defects from 2007 to 2016. Two hundred three patients met the inclusion criteria and were available for final analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938270/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-cancer-in-a-large-multisite-cohort
#4
Daniel P Schauer, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Corinna Koebnick, Bette Caan, Sheila Weinmann, Anthony C Leonard, J David Powers, Panduranga R Yenumula, David E Arterburn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether bariatric surgery is associated with a lower risk of cancer. BACKGROUND: Obesity is strongly associated with many types of cancer. Few studies have examined the relationship between bariatric surgery and cancer risk. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing bariatric surgery between 2005 and 2012 with follow-up through 2014 using data from a large integrated health insurance and care delivery systems with 5 study sites...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938264/2016-neonatal-nurse-practitioner-workforce-survey-report-of-findings
#5
Suzanne Staebler, Robin Bissinger
The National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NANNP) conducted its second workforce survey of certified neonatal nurse practitioners in the fall of 2016. National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners partnered with the National Certification Corporation and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners to conduct this electronic survey, containing 69 questions and focusing on practice sites and total compensation packages (including benefits) and workforce deficits.Findings indicate a rising neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) position vacancy rate across the country...
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938080/dr-polio-revisiting-fdr-s-medical-legacy
#6
Robert G Dorfman, Asher Orkaby, Sukumar P Desai
The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP), the March of Dimes, and the Georgia Warm Springs Resort were reflections of Franklin D. Roosevelt's (FDR) complicated and personal relationship with polio. Between 1934 and 1957, significant advances were made in the care of polio survivors, and new and innovative medical fields gained both public attention and funding. The plight of disabled Americans and questions of accessibility also received widespread national attention. The NFIP helped establish a new prototype for grassroots philanthropy and personified FDR's vision for national health insurance...
September 22, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937935/the-impact-of-the-2006-massachusetts-health-care-reform-law-on-spine-surgery-patient-payer-mix-status-and-age
#7
Nicolas W Villelli, Hong Yan, Jian Zou, Nicholas M Barbaro
OBJECTIVE Several similarities exist between the Massachusetts health care reform law of 2006 and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The authors' prior neurosurgical research showed a decrease in uninsured surgeries without a significant change in surgical volume after the Massachusetts reform. An analysis of the payer-mix status and the age of spine surgery patients, before and after the policy, should provide insight into the future impact of the ACA on spine surgery in the US. METHODS Using the Massachusetts State Inpatient Database and spine ICD-9-CM procedure codes, the authors obtained demographic information on patients undergoing spine surgery between 2001 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937934/an-evaluation-of-new-york-city-s-2015-birth-certificate-gender-marker-regulation
#8
Erica J Lee, Danielle Gurr, Gretchen Van Wye
PURPOSE: In 1971, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene amended Section 207.05 of the NYC Health Code to allow individuals who had undergone "convertive surgery" (interpreted by the code to mean genital surgery) to amend the gender on their birth certificates. This surgery requirement was removed in 2015. In a survey evaluating the regulation change, we sought to characterize the transgender population newly eligible to obtain a gender-congruent NYC birth certificate by comparing respondents with and without genital surgery...
September 22, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937887/characteristics-and-associated-comorbidities-of-pediatric-dental-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#9
Alexandra Delfiner, Aaron Myers, Christie Lumsden, Steve Chussid, Richard Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and identify common comorbidities of children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical records of all children that received dental treatment under general anesthesia through the Division of Pediatric Dentistry from 2012-2014 were reviewed. Data describing patient characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance carrier, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system), medical history, and justification for treatment were collected...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937443/reducing-disability-durations-and-medical-costs-for-patients-with-a-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery-through-the-use-of-opioid-prescribing-guidelines
#10
Fraser W Gaspar, Roman Kownacki, Catherine S Zaidel, Craig F Conlon, Kurt T Hegmann
OBJECTIVE: The impacts of compliance with opioid prescribing guidelines on disability durations and medical costs for carpal tunnel release (CTR) were examined. METHODS: Using a dataset of insured US employees, opioid prescriptions for 7840 short-term disability cases with a CTR procedure were identified. Opioids prescriptions were compared with the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)'s opioid prescribing guidelines for postoperative, acute pain, which recommends no more than a 5-day supply, a maximum morphine equivalent dose of 50 mg/day, and only short-acting opioids...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936486/the-burden-and-social-determinants-of-asthma-for-adults-in-the-state-of-georgia
#11
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935442/what-are-patient-navigators-doing-for-whom-and-where-a-national-survey-evaluating-the-types-of-services-provided-by-patient-navigators
#12
Kristen J Wells, Patricia Valverde, Amy E Ustjanauskas, Elizabeth A Calhoun, Betsy C Risendal
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to assess patient navigator, patient population, and work setting characteristics associated with performance of various patient navigation (PN) tasks. METHODS: Using respondent-driven sampling, 819 navigators completed a survey assessing frequency of providing 83 PN services, along with information about themselves, populations they serve, and setting in which they worked. Analyses of variance and Pearson correlations were conducted to determine differences and associations in frequency of PN services provided by various patient, navigator, and work setting characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935360/when-guidelines-conflict-a-case-study-of-mammography-screening-initiation-in-the-1990s
#13
Mireille Jacobson, Srikanth Kadiyala
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening guidelines communicate important information to patients and physicians regarding the costs and benefits of screening. Currently, guideline recommendations from major organizations conflict regarding the age of mammography screening initiation. To understand current and future U.S. mammography screening patterns we study age-mammography patterns from the 1990s, another period of conflicting guideline recommendations. METHODS: We examine mammography use rates by single year of age to understand compliance with guideline-recommended initiation ages in the 1990s...
September 18, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935126/-pharmaceutical-record-s-use-in-drugs-sales-service-analysis-of-five-months-of-experimentation
#14
M France, A-S Leromain, C Jarre, M Hellot-Guersing, C Derharoutunian, A Gadot, R Roubille
OBJECTIVE: The pharmaceutical record integrated in the health insurance card is now exploitable by hospital pharmacists. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of pharmaceutical record's use in hospital drugs sales service and the relevance of this tool to secure the ambulatory dispensing of drugs. METHOD: All patients admitted in hospital drugs sales service between June and October 2016 were included. With the patient's consent, pharmaceutical record was created and/or consulted and implemented...
September 18, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934251/new-experimental-model-for-single-liver-lobe-hyperthermia-in-small-animals-using-non-directional-microwaves
#16
Ionuț Tudorancea, Vlad Porumb, Alexandru Trandabăţ, Decebal Neaga, Bogdan Tamba, Radu Iliescu, Gabriel M Dimofte
PURPOSE: Our aim was to develop a new experimental model for in vivo hyperthermia using non-directional microwaves, applicable to small experimental animals. We present an affordable approach for targeted microwave heat delivery to an isolated liver lobe in rat, which allows rapid, precise and stable tissue temperature control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new experimental model is proposed. We used a commercial available magnetron generating 2450 MHz, with 4.4V and 14A in the filament and 4500V anodic voltage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933979/geographic-access-to-cancer-care-and-mortality-among-adolescents
#17
Eric Tai, Elaine Hallisey, Lucy A Peipins, Barry Flanagan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Grete Wilt, Shannon Graham
PURPOSE: Adolescents with cancer have had less improvement in survival than other populations in the United States. This may be due, in part, to adolescents not receiving treatment at Children's Oncology Group (COG) institutions, which have been shown to increase survival for some cancers. The objective of this ecologic study was to examine geographic distance to COG institutions and adolescent cancer mortality. METHODS: We calculated cancer mortality among adolescents and sociodemographic and healthcare access factors in four geographic zones at selected distances surrounding COG facilities: Zone A (area within 10 miles of any COG institution), Zones B and C (concentric rings with distances from a COG institution of >10-25 miles and >25-50 miles, respectively), and Zone D (area outside of 50 miles)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933932/enrollment-in-california-s-medicaid-program-after-the-affordable-care-act-expansion
#18
Jing Wang, Amal N Trivedi
OBJECTIVES: To determine enrollment rates and predictors of enrollment for newly eligible low-income adults in California following the Affordable Care Act's (ACA's) Medicaid expansion. METHODS: We used data from the 2014 to 2015 California Health Interview Survey to examine post-ACA Medicaid enrollment rates and multivariable logistic regression to assess the association of demographic factors, income, and health with enrollment. RESULTS: We found a 78...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933772/horizontal-inequity-in-health-care-utilization-among-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-china
#19
Chaofan Li, Lei Dou, Haipeng Wang, Shanshan Jing, Aitian Yin
BACKGROUND: Equitable utilization of health care is a primary goal of the Chinese health system. This study aimed to examine horizontal inequity in health care utilization and identify the factors resulting in inequity among the middle-aged and elderly in China. METHODS: The data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). We employed the concentration index (CI) and horizontal inequity (HI) to measure inequity in health care utilization...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933347/employer-sponsored-plan-expenditures-for-infants-born-preterm
#20
Scott D Grosse, Norman J Waitzman, Ninee Yang, Karon Abe, Wanda D Barfield
BACKGROUND: Care for infants born preterm or with major birth defects is costly. Specific estimates of financial burden for different payers are lacking, in part because use of administrative data to identify preterm infants and costs is challenging. METHODS: We used private health insurance claims data and billing codes to identify live births during 2013 and calculated first-year expenditures for employer-sponsored health plans for infants born preterm, both overall and stratified by major birth defects...
September 21, 2017: Pediatrics
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