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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214902/impact-of-renal-disease-on-patients-with-hepatitis-c-a-retrospective-analysis-of-disease-burden-clinical-outcomes-and-health-care-utilization-and-cost
#1
Craig A Solid, Senaka A Peter, Tanya Natwick, Haifeng Guo, Allan J Collins, Jean Marie Arduino
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Few studies explore the magnitude of the disease burden and health care utilization imposed by renal disease among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). We aimed to describe the characteristics, outcomes, and health care utilization and costs of patients with HCV with and without renal impairment. METHODS: This retrospective analysis used 2 administrative claims databases: the US commercially insured population in Truven Health MarketScan® data (aged 20-64 years), and the US Medicare fee-for-service population in the Medicare 20% sample (aged ≥65 years)...
February 18, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214742/what-s-the-agreement-between-self-reported-and-biochemical-verification-of-drug-use-a-look-at-permanent-supportive-housing-residents
#2
Alexis Rendon, Melvin Livingston, Sumihiro Suzuki, Whitney Hill, Scott Walters
Self-reported substance use is commonly used as an outcome measure in treatment research. We evaluated the validity of self-reported drug use in a sample of 334 adults with mental health problems who were residing in supportive housing programs. The primary analysis was the calculation of the positive predictive values (PPVs) of self-report compared to an oral fluid test taken at the same time. A sensitivity analysis compared the positive predictive values of two self-reported drug use histories: biological testing window (ranging between the past 96h to 30days depending on drug type) or the full past 90-day comparison window (maximum length recorded during interview)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214730/risk-aversion-and-religious-behaviour-analysis-using-a-sample-of-danish-twins
#3
Jytte Seested Nielsen, Mickael Bech, Kaare Christensen, Astrid Kiil, Niels Christian Hvidt
Economics offers an analytical framework to consider human behaviour including religious behaviour. Within the realm of Expected Utility Theory, religious belief and activity could be interpreted as an insurance both for current life events and for afterlife rewards. Based on that framework, we would expect that risk averse individuals would demand a more generous protection plan which they may do by devoting more effort and resources into religious activities such as church attendance and prayer, which seems to be in accordance with previous empirical results...
February 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214574/minimally-invasive-versus-open-approach-for-cystectomy-trends-in-the-utilization-and-demographic-or-clinical-predictors-using-the-national-cancer-database-ncdb
#4
Andrew G Bachman, Alexander A Parker, Marshall D Shaw, Brian W Cross, Kelly L Stratton, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel
OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal national trends of operative approach for cystectomy and identify demographic or clinical predictive factors that influence choice of approach. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer between 2010 and 2013 using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Approach was stratified by open vs. minimally invasive (robotic or laparoscopic). Univariate Pearson chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess relationships between demographic and hospital factors and the receipt of minimally invasive or open surgical approach...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214559/radiation-therapy-for-invasive-breast-cancer-increases-the-risk-of-second-primary-lung-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-analysis
#5
Yi-Jhih Huang, Tsai-Wang Huang, Fu-Huang Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chang-Huei Tsao, Wu-Chien Chien
INTRODUCTION: Although the risk factors for lung cancer are well documented, it remains unclear if previous radiation therapy (RT) to treat breast cancer (BC) increases the incidence of second primary lung cancer. We determined the overall incidence of second primary lung cancer after previous RT for all clinical stages of BC. METHODS: After analyzing the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, 986,713 individuals were randomly enrolled from 2000 to 2010 for cohort analysis...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214106/multicenter-study-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-emergency-department-2011-2012
#6
Robert A Silverman, Kohei Hasegawa, Daniel J Egan, Kirk A Stiffler, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated a high prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma. Despite the clinical and public health importance, there have been no recent multicenter efforts to characterize this patient population. We aimed to update the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ED patients with asthma exacerbations. METHODS: Multicenter chart review study of 48 EDs across 23 US states...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214067/nationwide-diabetes-related-lower-extremity-amputation-rates-in-secondary-care-treated-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-netherlands-dude-7
#7
Leonie Nijenhuis-Rosien, Steven Hans Hendriks, Nanne Kleefstra, Hendricus Jozef Gerardus Bilo, Gijs Wilhelmus Diederik Landman
AIMS: To estimate the annual amputation rate in all secondary care treated patients with diabetes in the Netherlands and specifically in patients known with diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: A nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study was performed including the years 2007-2011. Data of patients were retrieved from reimbursement registries for hospital care from a nationwide insurance database including codes for diabetes, retinopathy and amputation. Traumatic amputations were excluded...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214006/-conduct-of-epidemiologic-studies-in-french-cancer-survivors-methods-difficulties-encountered-and-solutions-provided-lessons-learned-from-the-simonal-study-on-long-term-toxicities-after-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-treatment
#8
Sabine Anthony, Pierre Hebel, André Garrel, Vanina Oliveri, Catherine Thieblemont, Vincent Ribrag, Hervé Tilly, Corinne Haioun, René-Olivier Casasnovas, Franck Morschhauser, Pierre Feugier, Richard Delarue, Loic Ysebaert, Catherine Sebban, Florence Broussais, Gandhi Damaj, Virginie Nerich, Jean-Philippe Jais, Gilles Salles, Michel Henry-Amar, Nicolas Mounier
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of targeted therapies, specific lymphoma mortality has decreased. Possible long-term toxicities, however, are not known yet. This article describes the implementation of the SIMONAL study that investigates the hypothesis of an overconsumption of care after lymphoma treatment with a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: After the mandatory regulatory steps (CCTIRS and CNIL) the vital status and address of 5247 patients treated in 131 French centers were retrieved using a secure web portal, in order to send a quality of life after lymphoma questionnaire...
February 14, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213893/disparity-in-dental-out-of-pocket-payments-among-older-adult-populations-a-comparative-analysis-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#9
Richard Manski, John Moeller, Haiyan Chen, Eeva Widström, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: The current study addresses the extent to which diversity exists in dental out-of-pocket (OOP) payments across population subgroups within and between the USA and selected European countries. This represents the final paper in a series in which the previous two papers addressed diversity in dental coverage and dental utilisation, respectively, using similar data and methods. METHOD: We used data from the 2006/2007 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the 2004-2006 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for respondents ≥51 years of age...
February 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#10
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213305/risk-of-suicide-according-to-the-level-of-psychiatric-contact-in-the-older-people-analysis-of-national-health-insurance-databases-in-taiwan
#11
Shin-Ting Yeh, Yee-Yung Ng, Shiao-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: Suicide in the older people is a serious problem worldwide; however the effect of psychiatric contact on the risk of suicide has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychiatric contact and suicide in the older people in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based database was used in this national case-control study. Propensity score matching was used to match older people who did and did not commit suicide from 2010 to 2012 by calendar year, gender, age, and area of residence...
February 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213220/receptor-based-screening-assays-for-the-detection-of-antibiotics-residues-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmed, Jianan Ning, Guyue Cheng, Ijaz Ahmad, Jun Li, Liu Mingyue, Wei Qu, Mujahid Iqbal, M A B Shabbir, Zonghui Yuan
Consumer and regulatory agencies have a high concern to antibiotic residues in food producing animals, so appropriate screening assays of fast, sensitive, low cost, and easy sample preparation for the identification of these residues are essential for the food-safety insurance. Great efforts in the development of a high-throughput antibiotic screening assay have been made in recent years. Concerning the screening of antibiotic residue, this review elaborate an overview on the availability, advancement and applicability of antibiotic receptor based screening assays for the safety assessment of antibiotics usage (i...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213123/risk-of-depression-in-patients-with-uterine-leiomyoma-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Te-Chun Shen, Chih-Yi Yang, Yu-Jhen Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
BACKGROUND: Population-based cohort study investigating the depression risk for patients with uterine leiomyoma (UL) is unavailable. This study investigated the subsequent risk of depression among patients with UL in an Asian population. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we established a cohort with 21,168 patients diagnosed with UL between 2000 and 2010, and a non-UL cohort of 82,108 women without UL matched by age and year of diagnosis...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212968/-what-goes-around-comes-around-lessons-learned-from-economic-evaluations-of-personalized-medicine-applied-to-digital-medicine
#14
Kathryn A Phillips, Michael P Douglas, Julia R Trosman, Deborah A Marshall
BACKGROUND: The growth of "big data" and the emphasis on patient-centered health care have led to the increasing use of two key technologies: personalized medicine and digital medicine. For these technologies to move into mainstream health care and be reimbursed by insurers, it will be essential to have evidence that their benefits provide reasonable value relative to their costs. These technologies, however, have complex characteristics that present challenges to the assessment of their economic value...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212899/outcome-disparities-by-insurance-type-for-patients-with-acute-myeloblastic-leukemia
#15
Dianne Pulte, Felipe A Castro, Hermann Brenner, Lina Jansen
Survival for patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) has increased during the past two decades. However, socioeconomic disparities may affect survival for some patient populations. We examine survival by insurance type for patients with AML. Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database we estimated survival according to insurance status (no insurance, Medicaid, and other insurance) for patients diagnosed with AML in the United States in 2007-2013. One, 3-, and 5-year survival was lower for patients with no insurance and Medicaid than for patients with other insurance...
February 3, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212693/sleep-medicine-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Aljohara S Almeneessier, Ahmed S BaHammam
The practice of sleep medicine in Saudi Arabia began in the mid to late 1990s. Since its establishment, this specialty has grown, and the number of specialists has increased. Based on the available data, sleep disorders are prevalent among the Saudi population, and the demand for sleep medicine services is expected to increase significantly. Currently, two training programs are providing structured training and certification in sleep medicine in this country. Recently, clear guidelines for accrediting sleep medicine specialists and technologists were approved...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212677/fit-for-purpose-perspectives-on-rapid-reviews-from-end-user-interviews
#17
Lisa Hartling, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susanne Hempel, Robin Featherstone, Matthew D Mitchell, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, Karen A Robinson, Karen Schoelles, Annette Totten, Evelyn Whitlock, Timothy J Wilt, Johanna Anderson, Elise Berliner, Aysegul Gozu, Elisabeth Kato, Robin Paynter, Craig A Umscheid
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for rapid reviews and timely evidence synthesis. The goal of this project was to understand end-user perspectives on the utility and limitations of rapid products including evidence inventories, rapid responses, and rapid reviews. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with key informants representing: guideline developers (n = 3), health care providers/health system organizations (n = 3), research funders (n = 1), and payers/health insurers (n = 1)...
February 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212138/deep-learning-in-mammography-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-multipurpose-image-analysis-software-in-the-detection-of-breast-cancer
#18
Anton S Becker, Magda Marcon, Soleen Ghafoor, Moritz C Wurnig, Thomas Frauenfelder, Andreas Boss
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a multipurpose image analysis software based on deep learning with artificial neural networks for the detection of breast cancer in an independent, dual-center mammography data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, all patients undergoing mammography in 2012 at our institution were reviewed (n = 3228). All of their prior and follow-up mammographies from a time span of 7 years (2008-2015) were considered as a reference for clinical diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211994/building-the-coverage-continuum-the-role-of-state-medicaid-directors-and-insurance-commissioners
#19
Joel Ario, Deborah Bachrach
Issue: The Affordable Care Act has expanded coverage to 20 million newly insured individuals, split between state Medicaid programs and commercially insured marketplaces, with limited integration between the two. The seamless continuum of coverage envisioned by the law is central to achieving the full potential of the Affordable Care Act, but it remains an elusive promise. Goals: To examine the historical and cultural differences between state Medicaid agencies and insurance departments that contribute to this lack of coordination...
2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211027/the-inpatient-burden-of-autoimmune-blistering-disease-in-us-children-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#20
Ziyou Ren, Derek Y Hsu, Nanette B Silverberg, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of pediatric autoimmune blistering disorders (PAIBD). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the inpatient burden and comorbidities of PAIBD. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, which contained a representative 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. RESULTS: The most common PAIBD with a primary admission was pemphigus (8.0 per million), whereas the most common secondary diagnosis of PAIBD was dermatitis herpetiformis (DH; 9...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
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