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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902979/altered-systemic-adipokines-in-patients-with-chronic-urticaria
#1
Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Duy Le Pham, Ga-Young Ban, Hyun-Young Lee, Hae-Sim Park, Young-Min Ye
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that adipokines affect immune responses and chronic urticaria (CU) is associated with an altered immune response related to chronic systemic inflammation. Our objectives were to investigate whether adipokines are involved in CU pathogenesis and to outline relationships between adipokines and urticaria severity and quality of life. METHODS: Serum adiponectin, leptin, lipocalin-2 (LCN2), interleukin (IL)-10, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in 191 CU patients and 89 healthy controls...
December 1, 2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867269/platyphylloside-isolated-from-betula-platyphylla-inhibit-adipocyte-differentiation-and-induce-lipolysis-via-regulating-adipokines-including-ppar%C3%AE-in-3t3-l1-cells
#2
Mina Lee, Sang Hyun Sung
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes or aggravates many health problems, both independently and in association with several pathological disorders, including Type II diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Therefore, we screened small compounds isolated from natural products for the development of anti-obesity drugs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-adipogenic activities of platyphylloside, diarylheptanoid isolated from Betula platyphylla, which was selected based on the screening using 3T3-L1 cells...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847435/evaluation-of-fish-oil-rich-in-mufas-for-anti-diabetic-and-anti-inflammation-potential-in-experimental-type-2-diabetic-rats
#3
Waranya Keapai, Sopida Apichai, Doungporn Amornlerdpison, Narissara Lailerd
The advantages of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) on insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been well established. However, the molecular mechanisms of the anti-diabetic action of MUFAs remain unclear. This study examined the anti-hyperglycemic effect and explored the molecular mechanisms involved in the actions of fish oil- rich in MUFAs that had been acquired from hybrid catfish (Pangasius larnaudii×Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) among experimental type 2 diabetic rats. Diabetic rats that were fed with fish oil (500 and 1,000 mg/kg BW) for 12 weeks significantly reduced the fasting plasma glucose levels without increasing the plasma insulin levels...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796618/distinct-secretory-activity-and-clinical-impact-of-subcutaneous-abdominal-adipose-tissue-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#4
Ewa Kontny, Agnieszka Zielińska, Urszula Skalska, Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska, Piotr Głuszko, Włodzimierz Maśliński
In the general population, low-grade inflammation of adipose tissue accompanies obesity and contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, but the implication of this tissue in rheumatic disease pathology is unclear. Therefore, we characterized the secretory activity of subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) of females with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and searched for its relationship with intensity of systemic inflammation, body composition and comorbidity. The secretion of classical adipokines (leptin, adiponectin), pro- and anti-inflammatory factors, i...
October 28, 2016: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794174/polyphenol-rich-virgin-olive-oil-reduces-insulin-resistance-and-liver-inflammation-and-improves-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#5
Adriano Lama, Claudio Pirozzi, Maria Pia Mollica, Giovanna Trinchese, Francesca Di Guida, Gina Cavaliere, Antonio Calignano, Giuseppina Mattace Raso, Roberto Berni Canani, Rosaria Meli
SCOPE: Virgin olive oil is an essential component of the Mediterranean diet. Its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties are mainly linked to phenolic contents. This study aims to evaluate the beneficial effects of a polyphenol-rich virgin olive oil (HPCOO) or olive oil without polyphenols (WPOO) in rats fed high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups based on the different types of diet: 1) Standard diet (STD); 2) HFD; 3) HFD containing WPOO and 4) HFD containing HPCOO...
October 29, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792771/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-the-erk-pathway-drive-chemerin-expression-in-response-to-hypoxia-in-cultured-human-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells
#6
Su-Kiat Chua, Kou-Gi Shyu, Yuh-Feng Lin, Huey-Ming Lo, Bao-Wei Wang, Hang Chang, Li-Ming Lien
BACKGROUND: Chemerin, a novel adipokine, plays a role in the inflammation status of vascular endothelial cells. Hypoxia causes endothelial-cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. This study was aimed at evaluating the protein and mRNA expression of chemerin after exposure of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) to hypoxia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cultured HCAECs underwent hypoxia for different time points. Chemerin protein levels increased after 4 h of hypoxia at 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753812/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#7
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716396/glucocorticoid-induced-leucine-zipper-gilz-is-involved-in-glucocorticoid-induced-and-mineralocorticoid-induced-leptin-production-by-osteoarthritis-synovial-fibroblasts
#8
Olivier Malaise, Biserka Relic, Edith Charlier, Mustapha Zeddou, Sophie Neuville, Céline Deroyer, Philippe Gillet, Edouard Louis, Michel G Malaise, Dominique de Seny
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) is a mediator of the anti-inflammatory activities of glucocorticoids. However, GILZ deletion does not impair the anti-inflammatory activities of exogenous glucocorticoids in mice arthritis models and GILZ could also mediate some glucocorticoid-related adverse events. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a metabolic disorder that is partly attributed to adipokines such as leptin, and we previously observed that glucocorticoids induced leptin secretion in OA synovial fibroblasts...
October 4, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643352/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#9
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590487/c1q-tnf-related-protein-3-expression-and-effects-on-adipocyte-differentiation-of-3t3-l1-cells
#10
Hiroki Nishimoto, Akihiro Yamamoto, Souhei Furukawa, Satoshi Wakisaka, Takashi Maeda
Adipose tissue-derived adipokines influence a number of organs critical for energy homeostasis and metabolism. One of the most extensively studied adipokines is adiponectin, which exerts anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic functions on various cell types. CTRP3, a paralog of adiponectin, is a member of the C1q and tumor necrosis factor-related protein (CTRP) superfamily. CTRP3 reduces hepatic triglyceride levels in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. However, the physiological role of CTRP3 in adipocytes is largely unknown...
September 3, 2016: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567897/the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-intensive-medical-therapy-in-ameliorating-high-density-lipoprotein-dysfunction-in-subjects-with-type-two-diabetes
#11
Sangeeta Kashyap, Karim Kheniser, Ling Li, James Bena, Takhar Kasumov
BACKGROUND: To determine whether 12 months of intensive medical therapy (IMT) improves HDL functionality parameters in subjects with type II diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Retrospective, randomized, and controlled 12-month IMT intervention trial that enrolled 13-subjects with T2D (age 51- years, fasting glucose 147 mg/dL, body mass index [BMI] 36.5 kg/m(2)) and nine healthy control (46-years, fasting glucose 90 mg/dL, BMI 26.5 kg/m2). Subjects with T2D underwent IMT and HDL functionality measures (pro-inflammatory index of high-density lipoprotein (pHDL)), paraoxonase one (PON1), ceruloplasmin (Cp), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were performed on samples at baseline and at 12-months following IMT...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555223/differential-effect-of-electroacupuncture-on-inflammatory-adipokines-in-two-rat-models-of-obesity
#12
Jacqueline J T Liaw, Philip V Peplow
Chronic inflammation is known to be associated with visceral obesity and insulin resistance which are characterized by altered levels of production of pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines. The dysregulation of the production of inflammatory adipokines and their functions in obese individuals leads to a state of chronic low-grade inflammation and may promote obesity-linked metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases such as insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and atherosclerosis. Electroacupuncture (EA) was tested to see if there was a difference in its effect on pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokine levels in the blood serum and the white adipose tissue of obese Zucker fatty rats and high-fat diet-induced obese Long Evans rats...
August 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516150/hepatoprotective-effects-of-adiporon-against-d-galactosamine-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#13
Ying Wang, Yumeng Wan, Guihong Ye, Pu Wang, Xiaowen Xue, Guanzhong Wu, Boping Ye
Adiponectin is an antidiabetic and antiatherogenic adipokine, which plays distinct roles in the balance of energy homoeostasis. As an insulin sensitizing hormone, adiponectin exerts multiple biological effects by the specific receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2), through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α pathways. AdipoRon, an orally active synthetic small-molecule AdipoR agonist, shows very similar effects to adiponectin in vitro and in vivo, which could be a promising therapeutic approach for obesity-related disorders...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513655/potential-beneficial-effect-of-some-adipokines-positively-correlated-with-the-adipose-tissue-content-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#14
REVIEW
Magdalena Sawicka, Joanna Janowska, Jerzy Chudek
Obesity is a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. However, in the case of heart failure, obese and overweight patients have a more favourable prognosis compared to patients who have a normal body weight. This phenomenon is referred to as the "obesity paradox," and it is explained by, among others, a positive effect of adipokines produced by adipose tissue, particularly by the tissue located in the direct vicinity of the heart and blood vessels. The favourable effect on the cardiovascular system is mostly associated with adiponectin and omentin, but the levels of these substances are reduced in obese patients...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487522/secretory-function-of-adipose-tissue
#15
J Kuryszko, P Sławuta, G Sapikowski
There are two kinds of adipose tissue in mammals: white adipose tissue - WAT and brown adipose tissue - BAT. The main function of WAT is accumulation of triacylglycerols whereas the function of BAT is heat generation. At present, WAT is also considered to be an endocrine gland that produces bioactive adipokines, which take part in glucose and lipid metabolism. Considering its endocrine function, the adipose tissue is not a homogeneous gland but a group of a few glands which act differently. Studies on the secretory function of WAT began in 1994 after discovery of leptin known as the satiation hormone, which regulates body energy homeostasis and maintainence of body mass...
2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344308/consumption-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-rich-in-phenolic-compounds-improves-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-possible-involvement-of-reduced-levels-of-circulating-visfatin
#16
C Santangelo, C Filesi, R Varì, B Scazzocchio, T Filardi, V Fogliano, M D'Archivio, C Giovannini, A Lenzi, S Morano, R Masella
AIM: Phenolic compounds naturally contained in extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of a polyphenol-rich extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) (high-polyphenol EVOO, HP-EVOO) on the metabolic control and the production of specific pro-/anti-inflammatory adipokines in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). METHODS: Eleven overweight T2D patients not in treatment with insulin were invited to follow their habitual diet for a total of 8 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331575/modulatory-role-of-omentin-1-in-inflammation-cytokines-and-dietary-intake
#17
Fateme Zabetian-Targhi, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Arash Hossein-Nezhad
PURPOSE: Obesity is known as a chronic inflammatory state whereby anti-inflammatory adipokines, such as omentin-1 levels, are decreased. The present study aims to determine omentin-1 levels in relation to dietary intake, inflammation, and immune response in healthy obese individuals. METHOD: A total of 170 obese participants (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Body composition was evaluated by a body composition analyzer, and inflammatory markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP], interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-1β, IL-17, IL-10, IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α]) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179555/oxidized-hdl-is-a-potent-inducer-of-adipogenesis-and-causes-activation-of-the-ang-ii-and-20-hete-systems-in-human-obese-females
#18
REVIEW
Stephen J Peterson, Luca Vanella, Katherine Gotlinger, Houli Jiang, Shailendra P Singh, Komal Sodhi, Eamonn Maher, Kathleen O'Hanlon, Joseph I Shapiro, Nader G Abraham
BACKGROUND: Oxidized-HDL (OX-HDL) has been reported to increase coronary events in obese patients; however, OX-HDL has not been studied in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. A high body mass index (BMI) correlates positively with higher levels of metabolic syndrome biomarkers including vasoconstrictors and adipokines. We hypothesize that a subject with a high BMI would present with higher levels of OX-HDL, 20-HETE and Angiotensin II (Ang II) with a reciprocal reduction in serum adiponectin...
March 2016: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117144/effect-of-dha-supplementation-in-a-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-diet-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Daniel de Luis, Joan Carles Domingo, Olatz Izaola, Felipe F Casanueva, Diego Bellido, Ignacio Sajoux
A VLCK diet supplemented with DHA, commercially available, was tested against an isocaloric VLCK diet without DHA. The main purpose of this study was to compare the effect of DHA supplementation in classic cardiovascular risk factors, adipokine levels, and inflammation-resolving eicosanoids. A total of obese patients were randomized into two groups: a group supplemented with DHA (n = 14) (PnK-DHA group) versus a group with an isocaloric diet free of supplementation (n = 15) (control group). The follow-up period was 6 months...
April 27, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079227/effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-pro-anti-inflammatory-adipokines-in-serum-and-adipose-tissue-in-lean-and-diet-induced-obese-rats
#20
Jacqueline J T Liaw, Philip V Peplow
The effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokines and blood glucose (BG) in lean and obese Long Evans rats were investigated. Group 1 and Group 3 had five lean and seven obese rats, respectively, and received EA at the Zhongwan/Guanyuan acupoints on Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, Day 8, Day 10, and Day 12. Group 2 and Group 4, with five lean and seven obese rats, respectively, did not undergo EA. After induction of anesthesia, BG was measured at 10 minutes and 20 minutes. EA was applied for 30 minutes, and BG was measured again...
April 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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