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Phosphoprotein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536511/aripiprazole-facilitates-extinction-of-conditioned-fear-in-adolescent-rats
#1
Despina E Ganella, Liubov Lee-Kardashyan, Sophia J Luikinga, Danny L D Nguyen, Heather B Madsen, Isabel C Zbukvic, Russell Coulthard, Andrew J Lawrence, Jee Hyun Kim
Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental disorder during adolescence, which is at least partly due to the resistance to extinction exhibited at this age. The dopaminergic system is known to be dysregulated during adolescence; therefore, we aimed to facilitate extinction in adolescent rats using the dopamine receptor 2 partial agonist aripiprazole (Abilify™), and examine the behavioral and neural outcomes. Adolescent rats were conditioned to fear a tone. The next day, rats received extinction 30 min after a systemic injection of either 5 mg/kg aripiprazole or vehicle, and then were tested the following day...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535337/overall-structural-model-of-ns5a-protein-from-hepatitis-c-virus-and-modulation-by-mutations-confering-resistance-of-virus-replication-to-cyclosporin-a
#2
Aurelie Badillo, Veronique Brechot, Stephane Sarrazin, François-Xavier Cantrelle, Frederic Delolme, Marie-Laure Fogeron, Jennifer Molle, Roland Montserret, Anja Bockmann, Ralf Bartenschlager, Volker Lohmann, Guy Lippens, Sylvie Ricard-Blum, Xavier Hanoulle, Francois Penin
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is a RNA-binding phosphoprotein composed of a N-terminal membrane anchor (AH), a structured domain 1 (D1) and two intrinsically disordered domains (D2 and D3). The knowledge of the functional architecture of this multifunctional protein remains limited. We report here that NS5A-D1D2D3 produced in a wheat germ cell-free system is obtained under a highly phosphorylated state. Its NMR analysis revealed that these phosphorylations do not change the disordered nature of D2 and D3 domains but increase the number of conformers due to partial phosphorylations...
May 23, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534931/leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-3-integrative-analyses-support-its-role-in-the-cytokine-network
#3
Hyun A Kim, Nyoun Soo Kwon, Kwang Jin Baek, Dong-Seok Kim, Hye-Young Yun
Leucine-rich glioma inactivated (LGI)3 is a secreted protein member of LGI family. We previously repo-rted that LGI3 was upregulated in adipose tissues from obese mice and suppressed adipogenesis through its receptor, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 23 (ADAM23). We demonstrated that LGI3 regulated tumor necrosis factor-α and adiponectin, and proposed that LGI3 may be a pro-inflammatory adipokine involved in adipose tissue inflammation. In this study, we analyzed adipokine and cytokine profiles in LGI3 knockout mice and demonstrated that multiple factors were increased or decreased in the adipose tissues and plasma of the LGI3 knockout mice...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531945/spp1-analyzed-by-bioinformatics-methods-promotes-the-metastasis-in-colorectal-cancer-by-activating-emt-pathway
#4
Chunjie Xu, Longci Sun, Chunhui Jiang, Hong Zhou, Lei Gu, Ye Liu, Qing Xu
OBJECTIVE: Tumor metastasis is still a great challenge for the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Although secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) over-expression is confirmed to associate with invasion, metastasis of CRC, the underlying mechanism by which modulates the CRC metastasis is still not fully explained. METHOD: GDS4382 was obtained from GEO database and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by bioinformatics methods 55 paired samples of CRC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were collected to detect the expression of SPP1 by q-PCR and western blot...
May 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529646/peptide-vaccination-in-the-presence-of-adjuvants-in-patients-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-with-cd4-t-cell-reconstitution-elicits-consistent-cd8-t-cell-responses
#5
Michael Schmitt, Anita Schmitt, Markus Wiesneth, Angela Hückelhoven, Zeguang Wu, Jürgen Kuball, Lei Wang, Peter Schauwecker, Susanne Hofmann, Marlies Götz, Birgit Michels, Birgit Maccari, Patrick Wuchter, Volker Eckstein, Thomas Mertens, Paul Schnitzler, Hartmut Döhner, Anthony D Ho, Donald W Bunjes, Peter Dreger, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Jochen Greiner
Rationale: Patients receiving an allogeneic stem cell graft from cytomegalovirus (CMV) seronegative donors are particularly prone to CMV reactivation with a high risk of disease and mortality. Therefore we developed and manufactured a novel vaccine and initiated a clinical phase I trial with a CMV phosphoprotein 65 (CMVpp65)-derived peptide. Methods: Ten patients after allogeneic stem cell transplantation received four vaccinations at a biweekly interval. All patients were monitored for CMVpp65 antigenemia...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527949/microproteome-of-dentoalveolar-tissues
#6
Cristiane R Salmon, Ana Paula O Giorgetti, Adriana F Paes Leme, Romênia R Domingues, Tamara N Kolli, Brian L Foster, Francisco H Nociti
Proteomic analysis of extracellular matrices (ECM) of dentoalveolar tissues can provide insights into developmental, pathological, and reparative processes. However, targeted dissection of mineralized tissues, dental cementum (DC), alveolar bone (AB), and dentin (DE), presents technical difficulties. We demonstrate an approach combining EDTA decalcification and laser capture microdissection (LCM), followed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), to analyze proteome profiles of these tissues...
May 17, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526707/s-nitrosylation-of-vasp-at-cysteine-64-mediates-inflammation-stimulated-increase-in-microvascular-permeability
#7
Patricia Zamorano, Natalie Marin, Francisco Córdova, Alejandra Aguilar, Cynthia J Meininger, Mauricio P Boric, Nikola Golenhofen, Jorge Contreras, José Sarmiento, Walter N Duran, Fabiola A Sánchez
We tested the hypothesis that platelet-activating factor (PAF) induces S-nitrosylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) as a mechanism to reduce microvascular endothelial barrier integrity and stimulate hyperpermeability. PAF elevated S-nitrosylation of VASP above baseline levels in different endothelial cells and caused hyperpermeability. To ascertain the importance of eNOS subcellular location in this process, we used ECV-304 cells transfected with cytosolic eNOS (GFPeNOSG2A) and plasma membrane eNOS (GFPeNOSCAAX)...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521432/interleukin-17-augments-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-mediated-increase-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-inhibits-vasodilator-stimulated-phosphoprotein-expression-to-reduce-the-adhesion-of-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Kuang Changchun, Hu Pengchao, Su Ke, Wang Ying, Wei Lei
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α are able to cooperatively alter the expression levels of a number of genes. In the present study, the mRNA expression levels of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α were analyzed in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells following treatment with IL-17, TNF-α or the combination of IL-17 and TNF-α. The protein expression levels of HIF-1α and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) were evaluated using western blot analysis. The adhesive ability of the cells was determined using an MTT assay following treatment with HIF-1α-small interfering RNA and short hairpin RNA-VASP that were used to suppress the expression levels of HIF-1α and VASP protein, respectively...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512345/phosphoproteome-analysis-reveals-phosphorylation-underpinnings-in-the-brains-of-nurse-and-forager-honeybees-apis-mellifera
#9
Gebreamlak Bezabih, Han Cheng, Bin Han, Mao Feng, Yu Xue, Han Hu, Jianke Li
The honeybee brain is a central organ in regulating wide ranges of honeybee biology, including life transition from nurse to forager bees. Knowledge is still lacking on how protein phosphorylation governs the neural activity to drive the age-specific labor division. The cerebral phosphoproteome of nurse and forager honeybees was characterized using Ti(4+)-IMAC phosphopeptide enrichment mass-spectrometry-based proteomics and protein kinases (PKs) were predicted. There were 3,077 phosphosites residing on 3,234 phosphopeptides from 1004 phosphoproteins in the nurse bees...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509555/differential-phosphoproteomic-analysis-of-recombinant-chinese-hamster-ovary-cells-following-temperature-shift
#10
Michael Henry, Martin Power, Prashant Kaushik, Orla Coleman, Martin Clynes, Paula Meleady
Phosphorylation is one of the most important post-translational modifications, playing a crucial role in regulating many cellular processes including transcription, cytoskeletal rearrangement, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and signal transduction. However, to date little work has been carried out on the phosphoproteome in CHO cells. In this study we have carried out a large scale differential phosphoproteomic analysis of recombinant CHO cells following a reduction of culture temperature (temperature shift)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504694/the-prohibitin-repressive-interaction-with-e2f1-is-rapidly-inhibited-by-androgen-signalling-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#11
S Koushyar, G Economides, S Zaat, W Jiang, C L Bevan, D A Dart
Prohibitin (PHB) is a tumour suppressor molecule with pleiotropic activities across several cellular compartments including mitochondria, cell membrane and the nucleus. PHB and the steroid-activated androgen receptor (AR) have an interplay where AR downregulates PHB, and PHB represses AR. Additionally, their cellular locations and chromatin interactions are in dynamic opposition. We investigated the mechanisms of cell cycle inhibition by PHB and how this is modulated by AR in prostate cancer. Using a prostate cancer cell line overexpressing PHB, we analysed the gene expression changes associated with PHB-mediated cell cycle arrest...
May 15, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502001/clustering-and-network-analysis-of-reverse-phase-protein-array-data
#12
Adam Byron
Molecular profiling of proteins and phosphoproteins using a reverse phase protein array (RPPA) platform, with a panel of target-specific antibodies, enables the parallel, quantitative proteomic analysis of many biological samples in a microarray format. Hence, RPPA analysis can generate a high volume of multidimensional data that must be effectively interrogated and interpreted. A range of computational techniques for data mining can be applied to detect and explore data structure and to form functional predictions from large datasets...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501995/one-step-preservation-and-decalcification-of-bony-tissue-for-molecular-profiling
#13
Claudius Mueller, Michael G Harpole, Virginia Espina
Bone metastasis from primary cancer sites creates diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Calcified bone is difficult to biopsy due to tissue hardness and patient discomfort, thus limiting the frequency and availability of bone/bone marrow biopsy material for molecular profiling. In addition, bony tissue must be demineralized (decalcified) prior to histomorphologic analysis. Decalcification processes rely on three main principles: (a) solubility of calcium salts in an acid, such as formic or nitric acid; (b) calcium chelation with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); or (c) ion-exchange resins in a weak acid...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500843/bmpr2-promotes-invasion-and-metastasis-via-the-rhoa-rock-limk2-pathway-in-human-osteosarcoma-cells
#14
Shidong Wang, Tingting Ren, Guangjun Jiao, Yi Huang, Xing Bao, Fan Zhang, Kuisheng Liu, Bingxin Zheng, Kunkun Sun, Wei Guo
Bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) has been identified in several types of cancer. However, its role in osteosarcoma is largely unknown. We systematically investigated the role of BMPR2 in osteosarcoma cell lines, human tissue samples and xenograft models. The relationship between BMPR2 expression and osteosarcoma patients' survival was investigated by bioinformatics and clinical data. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to detect the changes of cell migration and invasion ability after BMPR2 transfection...
April 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495501/semen-modulated-secretory-activity-of-oviductal-epithelial-cells-is-linked-to-cellular-proteostasis-network-remodeling-proteomic-insights-into-the-early-phase-of-interaction-in-the-oviduct-in-vivo
#15
Birgit Steinberger, Hans Yu, Theodor Brodmann, Daniela Milovanovic, Ursula Reichart, Urban Besenfelder, Konstantin Artemenko, Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli, Gottfried Brem, Corina Mayrhofer
The oviductal epithelium is crucial for the integrity of the female organ. Previously we got evidence that the surface proteome of oviductal epithelial cells (Oecs) is promptly altered in response to insemination and thus suggested that this early phase plays a notable regulatory role in maintaining cellular function. This study further aimed to assess the effect of semen on the cellular and molecular mechanisms in rabbit Oecs. A quantitative gel-based proteomic approach was applied to analyze changes at three time points (0h, 1h, 2h) after intrauterine insemination (IUI) compared to time matched controls...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494343/gene-end-like-sequences-within-the-3-non-coding-region-of-the-nipah-virus-genome-attenuate-viral-gene-transcription
#16
Akihiro Sugai, Hiroki Sato, Misako Yoneda, Chieko Kai
The regulation of transcription during Nipah virus (NiV) replication is poorly understood. Using a bicistronic minigenome system, we investigated the involvement of non-coding regions (NCRs) in the transcriptional re-initiation efficiency of NiV RNA polymerase. Reporter assays revealed that attenuation of NiV gene expression was not constant at each gene junction, and that the attenuating property was controlled by the 3' NCR. However, this regulation was independent of the gene-end, gene-start and intergenic regions...
May 8, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490779/large-scale-phosphoprotein-profiling-to-explore-drosophila-cold-acclimation-regulatory-mechanisms
#17
Hervé Colinet, Charles Pineau, Emmanuelle Com
The regulatory mechanisms involved in the acquisition of thermal tolerance are unknown in insects. Reversible phosphorylation is a widespread post-translational modification that can rapidly alter proteins function(s). Here, we conducted a large-scale comparative screening of phosphorylation networks in adult Drosophila flies that were cold-acclimated versus control. Using a modified SIMAC method followed by a multiple MS analysis strategy, we identified a large collection of phosphopeptides (about 1600) and phosphoproteins (about 500) in both groups, with good enrichment efficacy (80%)...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487497/the-involvement-of-darpp-32-in-the-pathophysiology-of-schizophrenia
#18
REVIEW
Haitao Wang, Mohd Farhan, Jiangping Xu, Philip Lazarovici, Wenhua Zheng
Schizophrenia is one of the most devastating heterogeneous psychiatric disorders. The dopamine hypothesis is the longest standing pathoetiologic theory of schizophrenia based on neurochemical evidences of elevated brain striatal dopamine synthesis capacity and increased dopamine release in response to stress. Dopamine and cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein of relative molecular mass 32,000 (DARPP-32) is a cytosolic protein highly enriched in the medium spiny neurons of the neostriatum, considered as the most important integrator between the cortical input and the basal ganglia, and associated with motor control...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487119/the-mammalian-ste20-like-kinase-1-mst1-is-a-substrate-for-the-apoptosis-inhibiting-protein-kinase-ck2
#19
Christina Servas, Sandra Kiehlmeier, Julia Hach, Rebecca Gross, Claudia Götz, Mathias Montenarh
Apoptosis and the response to cell stress are evolutionary highly conserved mechanisms. Both processes require strict regulation, which is often performed by protein kinases. The mammalian Sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) is a pro-apoptotic protein kinase, which is activated and cleaved by caspases upon the induction of cell stress. Being a phosphoprotein itself, the activity of MST1 is regulated by phosphorylation. Protein kinase CK2 is an anti-apoptotic protein kinase which seems to be involved in the regulation of many different cellular processes including apoptosis...
May 6, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486557/downregulation-of-anp32b-exerts-anti-apoptotic-effects-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Yoshinori Ohno, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Hironao Nakayama, Takao Watanabe, Masashi Hirooka, Yoshio Tokumoto, Taira Kuroda, Masanori Abe, Shinji Fukuda, Shigeki Higashiyama, Teru Kumagi, Yoichi Hiasa
The acidic (leucine-rich) nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family member B (ANP32B), a highly conserved member of the acidic nuclear phosphoprotein 32 (ANP32) family, is critical for the development of normal tissue. However, its role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is controversial. In this study, we elucidated the role of ANP32B in HCC cell lines and tissues. ANP32B expression in HCC cell lines was modulated using siRNA and ANP32B expression plasmids and lentiviruses. The levels of apoptosis-related proteins were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting...
2017: PloS One
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