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Persistent vegetative state

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878869/effects-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-on-survival-of-patients-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-stroke
#1
Kunpeng Wu, Ying Chen, Caihong Yan, Zhijia Huang, Deming Wang, Peigen Gui, Juan Bao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) on short- and long-term survival of patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) after stroke, and determine the relevant prognostic factors. BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to a PVS, and the effect of PEG on survival of stroke patients in a PVS remains unclear. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 97 stroke patients in a PVS hospitalized from January 2009 to December 2011 at the Second Hospital, University of South China, were assessed in this study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859096/transitions-and-invasion-along-a-grazing-gradient-in-experimental-california-grasslands
#2
Claudia Stein, William Stanley Harpole, Katharine N Suding
Resilience-based frameworks, founded upon the existence of multiple attractors and regime shifts, have long been applied to complex dynamics of semiarid systems. Utilizing seed addition tests in experimental plantings along grazing gradients, we applied an increase-when-rare criterion to identify bidirectional (states can invade each other) and directional (only one state can invade) transitions among vegetation states characteristic of California grasslands over five years. Annual forage and medusahead grasslands were able to invade each other at all grazing intensities, indicating coexistence...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829654/minimally-conscious-state-evolution-of-concept-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Ricardo Hodelín-Tablada
The study of consciousness disorders is a scientific challenge, and clinical differentiation among the various sorts of alterations in consciousness is difficult. Persistent vegetative state was defined in 1972, but years later cases appeared in which diagnosed patients showed signs of cognitive activity, and therefore could not be considered vegetative. Minimally conscious state was defined in 2002. This article discusses minimally conscious state based on a literature review and the author's clinical experience...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814303/prevalence-of-persistent-vegetative-state-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-trend-during-the-past-four-decades-a-meta-analysis
#4
Qilin Tang, Jin Lei, Guoyi Gao, Junfeng Feng, Qing Mao, Jiyao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Estimating the prevalence of persistent vegetative state (PVS) following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) and its change over time is important for the study of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of PVS at six months after sTBI and its trend over the past four decades, and to explore the effect of demographic data, such as age and sex, on the prevalence of PVS. METHOD: Observational studies presenting the prevalence of PVS or the number of patients with PVS at six months after sTBI were included in the analysis...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742281/cryptococcosis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#5
S Marques, R Carmo, I Ferreira, M Bustorff, S Sampaio, M Pestana
BACKGROUND: In solid organ transplant patients, 8% of invasive fungal infections are attributed to Cryptococcus. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of kidney transplant recipients (TR) infected with Cryptococcus. CASE SERIES: Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 500 kidney transplantations were performed at São João Hospital, in Porto, Portugal. Six infections by C. neoformans were reported, an incidence of 1...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726763/importance-of-soil-amendments-survival-of-bacterial-pathogens-in-manure-and-compost-used-as-organic-fertilizers
#6
Manan Sharma, Russell Reynnells
Biological soil amendments (BSAs) such as manure and compost are frequently used as organic fertilizers to improve the physical and chemical properties of soils. However, BSAs have been known to be a reservoir for enteric bacterial pathogens such as enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), Salmonella spp., and Listeria spp. There are numerous mechanisms by which manure may transfer pathogens to growing fruits and vegetables, and several outbreaks of infections have been linked to manure-related contamination of leafy greens...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708253/unusual-complication-of-pituitary-macroadenoma-a-case-report-and-review
#7
Mohamed Said Abbas, Mohammad Najm AlBerawi, Issam Al Bozom, Nissar F Shaikh, Khalid Yacout Salem
BACKGROUND Pituitary macroadenoma is a common benign tumor that usually presents with visual field defects or hormonal abnormalities. Cerebral infarction can be a complication of a large pituitary adenoma. We report a rare case of bilateral anterior cerebral arteries infarcts by a large pituitary macroadenoma with apoplexy. CASE REPORT A 48-year-old male patient presented with altered conscious level and sudden loss of vision for one-day duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a large seller and suprasellar hemorrhagic mass of pituitary origin, with associated bilateral areas of diffusion restriction in the frontal parasagittal regions, consistent with infarctions...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692472/application-of-the-multimedia-urban-model-to-estimate-the-emissions-and-environmental-fate-of-pahs-in-tarragona-county-catalonia-spain
#8
Noelia Domínguez-Morueco, Miriam L Diamond, Jordi Sierra, Marta Schuhmacher, José L Domingo, Martí Nadal
The Multimedia Urban Model (MUM-Fate) was used to estimate the emissions, fate and transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Tarragona County, Catalonia, Spain, where the largest chemical/petrochemical industrial complex of Southern Europe is located. MUM-Fate is a Level III steady-state fugacity model consisting of seven bulk media compartments (lower and upper air, surface water, sediment, soil, vegetation, and an organic film that coats impervious surfaces). The model was parameterized according to environmental conditions in Tarragona County, and used to back-calculate emissions from measured air concentrations of naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, and benzo[a]pyrene...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690084/emergence-of-a-latent-indian-cassava-mosaic-virus-from-cassava-which-recovered-from-infection-by-a-non-persistent-sri-lankan-cassava-mosaic-virus
#9
Chockalingam Karthikeyan, Basavaprabhu L Patil, Basanta K Borah, Thulasi R Resmi, Silvia Turco, Mikhail M Pooggin, Thomas Hohn, Karuppannan Veluthambi
The major threat for cassava cultivation on the Indian subcontinent is cassava mosaic disease (CMD) caused by cassava mosaic geminiviruses which are bipartite begomoviruses with DNA A and DNA B components. Indian cassava mosaic virus (ICMV) and Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus (SLCMV) cause CMD in India. Two isolates of SLCMV infected the cassava cultivar Sengutchi in the fields near Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram cities of Kerala State, India. The Malappuram isolate was persistent when maintained in the Madurai Kamaraj University (MKU, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India) greenhouse, whereas the Thiruvananthapuram isolate did not persist...
2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660500/clinical-outcomes-of-3-year-experience-of-targeted-temperature-management-in-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-songklanagarind-hospital-in-southern-thailand-an-analysis-of-the-micu-ttm-registry
#10
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of intensive care unit admission, which results in high hospital mortality. Targeted temperature management (TTM) was introduced several years ago and is considered to improve neurological and mortality outcomes. This management process was implemented in our hospital in 2012, which was expected to improve the standard of care in OHCA patients. PURPOSE: We aimed to report the clinical and mortality outcomes after TTM was introduced to our hospital in 2012...
2016: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630119/isolated-coastal-populations-of-tilia-americana-var-caroliniana-persist-long-term-through-vegetative-growth
#11
Jonathan P Evans, Ashley B Morris
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Sprouting in woody plant species allows for the long-term persistence of small, isolated populations experiencing changing environments and can preserve genetic diversity in these populations despite the infrequent recruitment of sexually produced individuals. We examined demographic data collected over a 10-yr period for Tilia americana var. caroliniana populations in the context of genetic structure as an empirical case study of this concept. METHODS: Two back-barrier islands on the Georgia coast of the United States were completely censused for Tilia americana var...
September 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537419/differences-in-germination-growth-and-fecundity-characteristics-of-dicamba-fluroxypyr-resistant-and-susceptible-kochia-scoparia
#12
Vipan Kumar, Prashant Jha
The widespread occurrence of herbicide-resistant (HR) Kochia scoparia is an increasing concern for growers in the US Great Plains and Canada. K. scoparia populations resistant to dicamba have been reported in six US states. Populations cross-resistant to dicamba and fluroxypyr have been reported from wheat fields in Montana, USA. It is unclear whether resistance to the auxinic herbicides (dicamba and/or fluroxypyr), can alter the fitness traits of K. scoparia. The objectives of this research were to compare the germination dynamics in response to thermal environment, vegetative growth and fecundity characteristics, and the relative competitive ability of dicamba-fluroxypyr-susceptible (S) vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509744/adaptation-services-of-floodplains-and-wetlands-under-transformational-climate-change
#13
Matthew Colloff, Sandra Lavorel, Russell M Wise, Michael Dunlop, Ian C Overton, Kristen J Williams
Adaptation services are the ecosystem processes and services that benefit people by increasing their ability to adapt to change. Benefits may accrue from existing but newly used services where ecosystems persist or from novel services supplied following ecosystem transformation. Ecosystem properties that enable persistence or transformation are important adaptation services because they support future options. The adaptation services approach can be applied to decisions on trade-offs between currently valued services and benefits from maintaining future options...
June 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493253/coexistence-of-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-in-peninsular-florida-two-decades-after-competitive-displacements
#14
L Philip Lounibos, Irka Bargielowski, María Cristina Carrasquilla, Naoya Nishimura
The spread of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) eastward in the mid-1980s from its initial establishment in Houston, TX, was associated with rapid declines and local disappearances of Aedes aegypti (L.) in Gulf Coast states and Florida where annual larval surveillance during the early 1990s described temporal and spatial patterns of competitive displacements in cemeteries and tire shops. Approximately 20 yr later in 2013-2014, we re-visited former collection sites and sampled aquatic immatures of these two species from tire shops in 10 cities on State Route 441 and from 9 cemeteries from Lakeland to Miami in southwest Florida...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468660/decompressive-craniectomy-for-ischemic-stroke-effect-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-on-outcome
#15
Hosam Al-Jehani, Kevin Petrecca, Phillipe Martel, David Sinclair, Denis Sirhan
BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DhC) is a life-saving surgical procedure being increasingly employed for malignant middle cerebral artery strokes. We examined the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation following DhC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts and radiological images of patients who underwent DhC for malignant middle cerebral artery strokes. We classified the hemorrhagic events and assessed the short-term 30-day outcome associated with these events...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447350/land-management-data-availability-and-process-understanding-for-global-change-studies
#16
K-H Erb, S Luyssaert, P Meyfroidt, J Pongratz, A Don, S Kloster, T Kuemmerle, T Fetzel, R Fuchs, M Herold, H Haberl, C D Jones, E Marín Spiotta, I McCallum, E Robertson, V Seufert, S Fritz, A Valade, A Wiltshire, A J Dolman
In light of daunting global sustainability challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss and food security, improving our understanding of the complex dynamics of the Earth system is crucial. However, large knowledge gaps related to the effects of land management persist, in particular those human-induced changes in terrestrial ecosystems that do not result in land cover conversions. Here we review the current state of knowledge of ten common land management activities for their biogeochemical and biophysical impacts, the level of process-understanding and data availability...
July 22, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439616/evidence-for-personal-protective-measures-to-reduce-human-contact-with-blacklegged-ticks-and-for-environmentally-based-control-methods-to-suppress-host-seeking-blacklegged-ticks-and-reduce-infection-with-lyme-disease-spirochetes-in-tick-vectors-and-rodent-reservoirs
#17
Lars Eisen, Marc C Dolan
In the 1980s, the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, and rodents were recognized as the principal vector and reservoir hosts of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi in the eastern United States, and deer were incriminated as principal hosts for I. scapularis adults. These realizations led to pioneering studies aiming to reduce the risk for transmission of B. burgdorferi to humans by attacking host-seeking ticks with acaricides, interrupting the enzootic transmission cycle by killing immatures infesting rodent reservoirs by means of acaricide-treated nesting material, or reducing deer abundance to suppress tick numbers...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419154/clinical-characteristics-and-predictors-of-adverse-outcome-in-adult-and-pediatric-patients-with-healthcare-associated-ventriculitis-and-meningitis
#18
Chanunya Srihawan, Rodrigo Lopez Castelblanco, Lucrecia Salazar, Susan H Wootton, Elizabeth Aguilera, Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner, David I Sandberg, HuiMahn A Choi, Kiwon Lee, Ryan Kitigawa, Nitin Tandon, Rodrigo Hasbun
Background.  Healthcare-associated meningitis or ventriculitis is a serious and life-threatening complication of invasive neurosurgical procedures or penetrating head trauma. Methods.  We performed a retrospective study of adults and children with the diagnosis of healthcare-associated meningitis or ventriculitis, as defined by the 2015 Centers of Disease Control and Prevention case definition, at 2 large tertiary care hospitals in Houston, Texas from July 2003 to November 2014. Patients were identified by infection control practitioners and by screening cerebrospinal fluid samples sent to the central laboratory...
April 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353556/outcome-after-decompressive-craniectomy-in-different-pathologies
#19
Thomas Kapapa, Christine Brand, Christian Rainer Wirtz, Dieter Woischneck
BACKGROUND: We compare the outcome after decompressive craniectomy for various neurologic diseases with the final common pathway of coma, compression of the basal cisterns, a midline shift, or refractory intracranial hypertension. METHODS: Between January 2005 and June 2009, 134 patients underwent decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury (n = 74), intracerebral hemorrhage (n = 21), spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (n = 11), malignant cerebral infarction (n = 27), or encephalitis (n = 1)...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347266/long-term-six-years-clinical-outcome-discrimination-of-patients-in-the-vegetative-state-could-be-achieved-based-on-the-operational-architectonics-eeg-analysis-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#20
Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts, Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni, Giuseppe Galardi
Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings are increasingly used to evaluate patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) or assess their prognosis outcome in the short-term perspective. However, there is a lack of information concerning the effectiveness of EEG in classifying long-term (many years) outcome in chronic DOC patients. Here we tested whether EEG operational architectonics parameters (geared towards consciousness phenomenon detection rather than neurophysiological processes) could be useful for distinguishing a very long-term (6 years) clinical outcome of DOC patients whose EEGs were registered within 3 months post-injury...
2016: Open Neuroimaging Journal
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