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Persistent vegetative state

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428170/who-uses-mobile-phone-health-apps-and-does-use-matter-a-secondary-data-analytics-approach
#1
Jennifer K Carroll, Anne Moorhead, Raymond Bond, William G LeBlanc, Robert J Petrella, Kevin Fiscella
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone use and the adoption of healthy lifestyle software apps ("health apps") are rapidly proliferating. There is limited information on the users of health apps in terms of their social demographic and health characteristics, intentions to change, and actual health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to (1) to describe the sociodemographic characteristics associated with health app use in a recent US nationally representative sample; (2) to assess the attitudinal and behavioral predictors of the use of health apps for health promotion; and (3) to examine the association between the use of health-related apps and meeting the recommended guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427542/recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-state-of-the-art-review
#2
REVIEW
Helena Ribeiro Fortes, Felipe Mussi von Ranke, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Cesar Augusto Araujo Neto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Carolina Althoff Souza, Edson Marchiori
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of the upper aero-digestive tract caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which affects children and young adults. The aim of this review is to describe the main etiological, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects of RRP. Most infections in children occur at birth, during passage through the birth canals of contaminated mothers. In adults, HPV is transmitted sexually. Papillomas usually appear as exophytic nodules, primarily in the larynx, but occasionally involving the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, and pulmonary parenchyma...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420294/smart-recognising-the-value-of-existing-practice-and-introducing-recent-developments-leaving-no-stone-unturned-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-the-pdoc-patient
#3
H Gill-Thwaites, K E Elliott, R Munday
Over the last 25 years there have been a number of papers highlighting the issues of high rates of misdiagnosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) (Andrews, K., Murphy, L., Munday, R., & Littlewood, C. (1996). Misdiagnosis of the vegetative state: Retrospective study in a rehabilitation unit. BMJ, 313(7048), 13-16; Childs, N. L., Mercer, W. N., & Childs, H. W. (1993). Accuracy of diagnosis of persistent vegetative state. Neurology, 43(8), 1465-1467). Surprisingly, these rates still remain at the same level despite defined criteria for diagnosis (Schnakers, C...
April 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405301/canada-lynx-use-of-burned-areas-conservation-implications-of-changing-fire-regimes
#4
Carmen M Vanbianchi, Melanie A Murphy, Karen E Hodges
A fundamental problem in ecology is forecasting how species will react to major disturbances. As the climate warms, large, frequent, and severe fires are restructuring forested landscapes at large spatial scales, with unknown impacts on imperilled predators. We use the United States federally Threatened Canada lynx as a case study to examine how predators navigate recent large burns, with particular focus on habitat features and the spatial configuration (e.g., distance to edge) that enabled lynx use of these transformed landscapes...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396650/new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-with-claustrum-damage-definition-of-the-clinical-and-neuroimaging-features
#5
Stefano Meletti, Giada Giovannini, Giuseppe d'Orsi, Lisa Toran, Giulia Monti, Rahul Guha, Andreas Kiryttopoulos, Maria Grazia Pascarella, Tommaso Martino, Haris Alexopoulos, Martha Spilioti, Jana Slonkova
New-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) is a rare but challenging condition occurring in a previously healthy patient, often with no identifiable cause. We describe the electro-clinical features and outcomes in a group of patients with NORSE who all demonstrated a typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sign characterized by bilateral lesions of the claustrum. The group includes 31 patients (12 personal and 19 previously published cases; 17 females; mean age of 25 years). Fever preceded status epilepticus (SE) in 28 patients, by a mean of 6 days...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#6
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378507/evaluation-of-nursing-interventions-using-minimally-invasive-assessments-methods-for-patients-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#7
Mitsue Sato, Masahiro Sugimoto, Kazuo Yamaguchi, Takeshi Kawaguchi
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of nursing interventions using minimally invasive or non-invasive methods conducive to frequent use in order to assess patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS). METHODS: We provided three nursing interventions-sitting the patient in an upright position, footbath care, and oral care-to PVS patients (n = 11) and elderly bedridden subjects with consciousness (n = 6) for 3 weeks in addition to ordinary nursing treatments...
April 4, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#8
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231041/feasibility-pilot-of-a-randomized-faith-based-intervention-to-reduce-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-korean-americans
#9
Suzanne C Hughes, Isabel Corcos, Melbourne Hovell, C Richard Hofstetter
INTRODUCTION: Interventions are needed to prevent exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), which persists in certain immigrant enclaves, including Koreans in the United States. A faith-based and culturally acceptable intervention was developed and pilot tested in collaboration with Korean churches to address SHS exposure among people of Korean descent. METHODS: A pilot cluster randomized intervention trial was conducted with 11 Korean churches in southern California and 75 Korean adults who were exposed to SHS...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207176/detecting-state-changes-for-ecosystem-conservation-with-long-term-monitoring-of-species-composition
#10
T J Mason, D A Keith, A D Letten
Effective conservation requires an understanding not only of contemporary vegetation distributions in the landscape, but also cognizance of vegetation transitions over time with the goal of maintaining persistence of all states within the landscape. Using a state and transition model framework, we investigated temporal transitions over 31 years in species composition among five upland swamp vegetation communities in southeastern Australia. We applied fuzzy clustering to document transitions across communities; evaluated the resilience and resistance of communities to change; and explored the relationship between ecosystem states and major environmental factors posited to structure the system...
October 4, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183324/identification-of-taz-mutations-in-pediatric-patients-with-cardiomyopathy-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-in-a-chinese-cohort
#11
Jian Wang, Ying Guo, Meirong Huang, Zhen Zhang, Junxue Zhu, Tingliang Liu, Lin Shi, Fen Li, Huimin Huang, Lijun Fu
BACKGROUND: Barth syndrome (BTHS) is a rare X-linked recessive disease characterized by cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, skeletal myopathy and growth delay. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment may improve the prognosis of this disease. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the early diagnosis of BTHS in children with cardiomyopathy. METHODS: During the period between 2012 and 2015, a gene panel-based NGS approach was used to search for potentially disease-causing genetic variants in all patients referred to our institution with a clinical diagnosis of primary cardiomyopathy...
February 10, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120048/recovery-from-chronic-diseases-of-consciousness-state-of-the-art-in-neuromodulation-for-persistent-vegetative-state-and-minimally-conscious-state
#12
Pier Paolo Mattogno, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Gerardo Iacopino, Gaetano Pappalardo, Giuseppe LA Rocca, Francesco Signorelli, Jun Zhong, Massimiliano Visocchi
Chronic diseases of consciousness (CDC) can still be considered a challenging frontier for modern medicine, probably because of their not completely understood physiopathological mechanisms. Following encouraging evidence on cerebral hemodynamics, some authors have hypothesized a role for neuromodulation in the treatment of CDC patients. In the past 40 years, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and deep brain stimulation (DBS) have been used experimentally for the treatment of patients in a severe altered state of consciousness, with some interesting but not conclusive results...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066129/a-multi-year-estimate-of-methane-fluxes-in-alaska-from-carve-atmospheric-observations
#13
Scot M Miller, Charles E Miller, Roisin Commane, Rachel Y-W Chang, Steven J Dinardo, John M Henderson, Anna Karion, Jakob Lindaas, Joe R Melton, John B Miller, Colm Sweeney, Steven C Wofsy, Anna M Michalak
Methane (CH4) fluxes from Alaska and other arctic regions may be sensitive to thawing permafrost and future climate change, but estimates of both current and future fluxes from the region are uncertain. This study estimates CH4 fluxes across Alaska for 2012-2014 using aircraft observations from the Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment (CARVE) and a geostatistical inverse model (GIM). We find that a simple flux model based on a daily soil temperature map and a static map of wetland extent reproduces the atmospheric CH4 observations at the state-wide, multi-year scale more effectively than global-scale, state-of-the-art process-based models...
October 2016: Global Biogeochemical Cycles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926646/treatment-of-a-pregnant-patient-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#14
Matthew P Romagano, William E Scorza, Stephen E Lammers, Carole Dorr, John C Smulian
BACKGROUND: Brain injury leading to a persistent vegetative state during pregnancy involves difficult medical and ethical decisions. CASE: A 21-year-old multigravid woman entered a persistent vegetative state at 20 1/7 weeks of gestation after cardiac arrest with postanoxic brain injury from a suspected drug overdose. The clinical disciplines responsible for her case formed a collaborative care plan involving ventilator, nutrition, and medication support of the mother and regular fetal monitoring and ultrasound testing...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878869/effects-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-on-survival-of-patients-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-stroke
#15
Kunpeng Wu, Ying Chen, Caihong Yan, Zhijia Huang, Deming Wang, Peigen Gui, Juan Bao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy on short- and long-term survival of patients in a persistent vegetative state after stroke and determine the relevant prognostic factors. BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to a persistent vegetative state, and the effect of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy on survival of stroke patients in a persistent vegetative state remains unclear. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 97 stroke patients in a persistent vegetative state hospitalised from January 2009 to December 2011 at the Second Hospital, University of South China, were assessed in this study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859096/transitions-and-invasion-along-a-grazing-gradient-in-experimental-california-grasslands
#16
Claudia Stein, William Stanley Harpole, Katharine N Suding
Resilience-based frameworks, founded upon the existence of multiple attractors and regime shifts, have long been applied to complex dynamics of semiarid systems. Utilizing seed addition tests in experimental plantings along grazing gradients, we applied an increase-when-rare criterion to identify bidirectional (states can invade each other) and directional (only one state can invade) transitions among vegetation states characteristic of California grasslands over five years. Annual forage and medusahead grasslands were able to invade each other at all grazing intensities, indicating coexistence...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829654/minimally-conscious-state-evolution-of-concept-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Ricardo Hodelín-Tablada
The study of consciousness disorders is a scientific challenge, and clinical differentiation among the various sorts of alterations in consciousness is difficult. Persistent vegetative state was defined in 1972, but years later cases appeared in which diagnosed patients showed signs of cognitive activity, and therefore could not be considered vegetative. Minimally conscious state was defined in 2002. This article discusses minimally conscious state based on a literature review and the author's clinical experience...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814303/prevalence-of-persistent-vegetative-state-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-trend-during-the-past-four-decades-a-meta-analysis
#18
Qilin Tang, Jin Lei, Guoyi Gao, Junfeng Feng, Qing Mao, Jiyao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Estimating the prevalence of persistent vegetative state (PVS) following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) and its change over time is important for the study of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of PVS at six months after sTBI and its trend over the past four decades, and to explore the effect of demographic data, such as age and sex, on the prevalence of PVS. METHOD: Observational studies presenting the prevalence of PVS or the number of patients with PVS at six months after sTBI were included in the analysis...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742281/cryptococcosis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#19
S Marques, R Carmo, I Ferreira, M Bustorff, S Sampaio, M Pestana
BACKGROUND: In solid organ transplant patients, 8% of invasive fungal infections are attributed to Cryptococcus. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of kidney transplant recipients (TR) infected with Cryptococcus. CASE SERIES: Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 500 kidney transplantations were performed at São João Hospital, in Porto, Portugal. Six infections by C. neoformans were reported, an incidence of 1...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726763/importance-of-soil-amendments-survival-of-bacterial-pathogens-in-manure-and-compost-used-as-organic-fertilizers
#20
Manan Sharma, Russell Reynnells
Biological soil amendments (BSAs) such as manure and compost are frequently used as organic fertilizers to improve the physical and chemical properties of soils. However, BSAs have been known to be a reservoir for enteric bacterial pathogens such as enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), Salmonella spp., and Listeria spp. There are numerous mechanisms by which manure may transfer pathogens to growing fruits and vegetables, and several outbreaks of infections have been linked to manure-related contamination of leafy greens...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
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