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Benjamin Kick, Samantha Hensler, Florian Praetorius, Hendrik Dietz, Dirk Weuster-Botz
The bacteriophage M13 has found frequent applications in nanobiotechnology due to its chemically and genetically tunable protein surface and its ability to self-assemble into colloidal membranes. Additionally, its single-stranded (ss) genome is commonly used as scaffold for DNA origami. Despite the manifold uses of M13, upstream production methods for phage and scaffold ssDNA are underexamined with respect to future industrial usage. Here, the high-cell-density phage production with Escherichia coli as host organism was studied in respect of medium composition, infection time, multiplicity of infection and specific growth rate...
October 17, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Soumitra Shome, Anupam Das Talukdar, Manabendra Dutta Choudhury, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya
OBJECTIVES: Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems can resolve the poor bioavailability issue allied with curcumin. The therapeutic potential of curcumin can be enhanced by making nanocomposite preparation of curcumin with metal oxide nanoparticles, poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles and solid lipid nanoparticles that increases its bioavailability in the tissue. KEY FINDINGS: Curcumin has manifold therapeutic effects which include antidiabetic, antihypertensive, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Diana M Mate, Miguel Alcalde
Laccases are multicopper containing enzymes capable of performing one electron oxidation of a broad range of substrates. Using molecular oxygen as the final electron acceptor, they release only water as a by-product, and as such, laccases are eco-friendly, versatile biocatalysts that have generated an enormous biotechnological interest. Indeed, this group of enzymes has been used in different industrial fields for very diverse purposes, from food additive and beverage processing to biomedical diagnosis, and as cross-linking agents for furniture construction or in the production of biofuels...
October 3, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
Nathan A Carter, Xi Geng, Tijana Z Grove
Protein-polymer conjugates are of particular interest for nanobiotechnology applications because of the various and complementary roles that each component may play in composite hybrid-materials. This chapter focuses on the design principles and applications of self-assembling protein-polymer conjugate materials. We address the general design methodology, from both synthetic and genetic perspective, conjugation strategies, protein vs. polymer driven self-assembly and finally, emerging applications for conjugate materials...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Jinxing Li, Soracha Thamphiwatana, Wenjuan Liu, Berta Esteban-Fernández de Ávila, Pavimol Angsantikul, Elodie Sandraz, Jianxing Wang, Tailin Xu, Fernando Soto, Valentin Ramez, Xiaolei Wang, Weiwei Gao, Liangfang Zhang, Joseph Wang
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which hosts hundreds of bacteria species, becomes the most exciting organ for the emerging microbiome research. Some of these GI microbes are hostile and cause a variety of diseases. These bacteria colonize in different segments of the GI tract dependent on the local physicochemical and biological factors. Therefore, selectively locating therapeutic or imaging agents to specific GI segments is of significant importance for studying gut microbiome and treating various GI-related diseases...
September 20, 2016: ACS Nano
Xingyi Ma, June Huh, Wounjhang Park, Luke P Lee, Young Jik Kwon, Sang Jun Sim
Precise control over the structure of metal nanomaterials is important for developing advanced nanobiotechnology. Assembly methods of nanoparticles into structured blocks have been widely demonstrated recently. However, synthesis of nanocrystals with controlled, three-dimensional structures remains challenging. Here we show a directed crystallization of gold by a single DNA molecular regulator in a sequence-independent manner and its applications in three-dimensional topological controls of crystalline nanostructures...
September 16, 2016: Nature Communications
Lev A Dykman, Nikolai G Khlebtsov
Although Au-particle potential in nanobiotechnology has been recognized for the last 15 years, new insights into the unique properties of multifunctional nanostructures have just recently started to emerge. Multifunctional gold-based nanocomposites combine multiple modalities to improve the efficacy of the therapeutic and diagnostic treatment of cancer and other socially significant diseases. This review is focused on multifunctional gold-based theranostic nanocomposites, which can be fabricated by three main routes...
November 2016: Biomaterials
Guang-Hui Ma, Dan Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Small
D Inbakandan, C Kumar, M Bavanilatha, Dune Naga Ravindra, R Kirubagaran, S Ajmal Khan
The knowhow followed for synthesis, characterization and application of nanomaterials has become an important branch of nanoscience. The use of marine sponges for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles is still in the budding level of current nanobiotechnology. This paper reports a single step one pot biosynthesis utilizing marine sponge (Haliclona exigua) extract as a reducing agent by means of a conventional ultrasonic bath on the formation and growth of flower like silver nanocolloids. These silver nanocolloids were characterized through UV visible spectroscopy, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and X-ray Diffractometer...
October 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Kenji Usui, Makoto Ozaki, Aoi Yamada, Yoshio Hamada, Takaaki Tsuruoka, Takahito Imai, Kin-Ya Tomizaki
We have developed a site-specific method for precipitating multiple inorganic compounds using target DNA and a designed peptide consisting of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) sequence and an inorganic compound-precipitating sequence. This system for controlled site-specific precipitation represents a powerful tool for use in nanobiotechnology and materials science.
October 21, 2016: Nanoscale
João Pinto da Costa, Ana Violeta Girão, Tito Trindade, Maria Clara Costa, Armando Duarte, Teresa Rocha-Santos
There have been extensive and comprehensive reviews in the field of metal sulfide precipitation in the context of environmental remediation. However, these works have focused mainly on the removal of metals from aqueous solutions-usually, metal-contaminated effluents-with less emphasis on the precipitation process and on the end-products, frequently centering on metal removal efficiencies. Recently, there has been an increasing interest not only in the possible beneficial effects of these bioremediation strategies for metal-rich effluents but also on the formed precipitates...
October 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yongzhong Wang, Zhen Fan, Lei Shao, Xiaowei Kong, Xianjuan Hou, Dongrui Tian, Ying Sun, Yazhong Xiao, Li Yu
Owing to peculiar properties of nanobody, including nanoscale size, robust structure, stable and soluble behaviors in aqueous solution, reversible refolding, high affinity and specificity for only one cognate target, superior cryptic cleft accessibility, and deep tissue penetration, as well as a sustainable source, it has been an ideal research tool for the development of sophisticated nanobiotechnologies. Currently, the nanobody has been evolved into versatile research and application tool kits for diverse biomedical and biotechnology applications...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Aram Rezaei, Omid Akhavan, Ehsan Hashemi, Mehdi Shamsara
The graphene-based materials with unique, versatile, and tunable properties have brought new opportunities for the leading edge of advanced nanobiotechnology. In this regard, the use of graphene in gene delivery applications is still at early stages. In this study, we successfully designed a new complex of carboxylated-graphene (G-COOH) with ethidium bromide (EtBr) and used it as a nanovector for efficient gene delivery into the AGS cells. G-COOH, with carboxyl functions on its surface, in the presence of EtBr, formaldehyde, and cyclohexylisocyanide were participated in Ugi four component reaction to fabricate a stable amphiphilic graphene-EtBr (AG-EtBr) composite...
September 12, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Muhammad Imran, Anne-Marie Revol-Junelles, Grégory Francius, Stéphane Desobry
Application of nano-biotechnology to improve the controlled release of drugs or functional agents is widely anticipated to transform the biomedical, pharmaceutical, and food safety trends. The purpose of the current study was to assess and compare the release rates of fluorescently labeled antimicrobial peptide nisin (lantibiotic/biopreservative) from liposomal nanocarriers. The elevated temperature, high electrostatic attraction between anionic bilayers and cationic nisin, larger size, and higher encapsulation efficiency resulted in rapid and elevated release through pore formation...
August 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Valery A Petrenko, James W Gillespie
INTRODUCTION: New phage-directed nanomedicines have emerged recently as a result of the in-depth study of the genetics and structure of filamentous phage and evolution of phage display and phage nanobiotechnology. This review focuses on the progress made in the development of the cancer-targeted nanomaterials and discusses the trends in using phage as a bioselectable molecular navigation system. AREAS COVERED: The merging of phage display technologies with nanotechnology in recent years has proved promising in different areas of medicine and technology, such as medical diagnostics, molecular imaging, vaccine development and targeted drug/gene delivery, which is the focus of this review...
July 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Gaobo Yu, Jian Zhou
In nanobiotechnology applications, curvature of nanoparticles has a significant effect on protein activities. In this work, lysozyme adsorption on different-sized silica nanoparticles (SNPs) was simulated at the microsecond timescale by using mesoscopic coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. It is found that, with the increase of nanoparticle size, which indicates a decrease of surface curvature, adsorbed lysozyme shows a narrower orientation distribution and a greater conformation change, as the electrostatic attraction dominates lysozyme adsorption, and this trend is more pronounced on larger SNPs...
August 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chuanfang Chen, Pingping Wang, Linlin Li
The bacterial magnetic nanoparticle (BMP) has been well researched in nanobiotechnology as a new magnetic crystal. The BMPs are extracted from magnetotactic bacteria and under precise biological control. Compared with engineered magnetic nanoparticles synthesized by chemical approaches, BMPs have the properties of large production, monodispersity, high crystallinity, and close-to-bulk magnetization, which enable BMPs to be the highly promising magnetic nanoparticles for nanobiotechnology. In this paper, we review the biomedical applications of BMPs in magnetic hyperthermia, drug treatment with tumour and bioseparation...
March 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Gilbert C Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
Debasis Mandal, Sandeep Kumar Dash, Balaram Das, Sourav Chattopadhyay, Totan Ghosh, Debasis Das, Somenath Roy
Recently bio-inspired experimental processes for synthesis of nanoparticles are receiving significant attention in nanobiotechnology. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been used very frequently in recent times to the wounds, burns and bacterial infections caused by drug-resistant microorganisms. Though, the antibacterial effects of Ag NPs on some multi drug-resistant bacteria specially against Gram positive bacteria has been established, but further investigation is needed to elicit its effectiveness against Gram negatives and to identify the probable mechanism of action...
July 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jianing Meng, Vivek Agrahari, Ibrahima Youm
At present, brain tumor is among the most challenging diseases to treat and the therapy is limited by the lack of effective methods to deliver anticancer agents across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). BBB is a selective barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid. In its neuroprotective function, BBB prevents the entry of toxins, as well as most of anticancer agents and is the main impediment for brain targeted drug delivery approaches. Nanotechnology-based delivery systems provide an attractive strategy to cross the BBB and reach the central nervous system (CNS)...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
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