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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226908/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#1
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Cody A Reynolds, Naomi Chaytor, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Drew T Miller
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219325/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-english-version-of-the-diabetes-distress-scale-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-malaysia
#2
Ying Woei Chin, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Yook Chin Chia
BACKGROUND: Several disease specific instruments have been developed to identify and assess diabetes distress. In Malaysia, the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale has been validated in Malay, but it does not have specific domains to assess the different areas of diabetes-related distress. Hence, we decided to use the Diabetes Distress Scale instead. To date, only the Malay version of the Diabetes Distress Scale has been validated in Malaysia. However, English is widely spoken by Malaysians, and is an important second language in Malaysia...
February 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212857/temporal-modulations-in-speech-and-music
#3
REVIEW
Nai Ding, Aniruddh D Patel, Lin Chen, Henry Butler, Cheng Luo, David Poeppel
Speech and music have structured rhythms. Here we discuss a major acoustic correlate of spoken and musical rhythms, the slow (0.25- 32Hz) temporal modulations in sound intensity and compare the modulation properties of speech and music. We analyze these modulations using over 25hours of speech and over 39hours of recordings of Western music. We show that the speech modulation spectrum is highly consistent across 9 languages (including languages with typologically different rhythmic characteristics). A different, but similarly consistent modulation spectrum is observed for music, including classical music played by single instruments of different types, symphonic, jazz, and rock...
February 14, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212719/language-skills-of-children-during-the-first-12-months-after-stuttering-onset
#4
Amy Watts, Patricia Eadie, Susan Block, Fiona Mensah, Sheena Reilly
PURPOSE: To describe the language development in a sample of young children who stutter during the first 12 months after stuttering onset was reported. METHODS: Language production was analysed in a sample of 66 children who stuttered (aged 2-4 years). The sample were identified from a pre-existing prospective, community based longitudinal cohort. Data were collected at three time points within the first year after stuttering onset. Stuttering severity was measured, and global indicators of expressive language proficiency (length of utterances and grammatical complexity) were derived from the samples and summarised...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203210/auditory-and-visual-electrophysiology-of-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-implications-for-cross-modal-plasticity
#5
David P Corina, Shane Blau, Todd LaMarr, Laurel A Lawyer, Sharon Coffey-Corina
Deaf children who receive a cochlear implant early in life and engage in intensive oral/aural therapy often make great strides in spoken language acquisition. However, despite clinicians' best efforts, there is a great deal of variability in language outcomes. One concern is that cortical regions which normally support auditory processing may become reorganized for visual function, leaving fewer available resources for auditory language acquisition. The conditions under which these changes occur are not well understood, but we may begin investigating this phenomenon by looking for interactions between auditory and visual evoked cortical potentials in deaf children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201838/phonological-treatment-approaches-for-spoken-word-production-in-aphasia
#6
Elizabeth Brookshire Madden, Reva M Robinson, Diane L Kendall
This article provides an overview of phonological treatment approaches for anomia in individuals with aphasia. The role of phonology in language processing, as well as the impact of phonological impairment on communication is initially discussed. Then, traditional phonologically based treatment approaches, including phonological, orthographic, indirect, guided, and mixed cueing methods, are described. Collectively, these cueing treatment approaches aim to facilitate word retrieval by stimulating residual phonological abilities...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198405/an-acoustic-key-to-eight-languages-dialects-factor-analyses-of-critical-band-filtered-speech
#7
Kazuo Ueda, Yoshitaka Nakajima
The peripheral auditory system functions like a frequency analyser, often modelled as a bank of non-overlapping band-pass filters called critical bands; 20 bands are necessary for simulating frequency resolution of the ear within an ordinary frequency range of speech (up to 7,000 Hz). A far smaller number of filters seemed sufficient, however, to re-synthesise intelligible speech sentences with power fluctuations of the speech signals passing through them; nevertheless, the number and frequency ranges of the frequency bands for efficient speech communication are yet unknown...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197861/adapting-an-autism-screening-tool-for-use-in-the-dekalb-county-refugee-pediatric-clinic
#8
C McClure, S Reines, P S Suchdev, A Oladele, A B Goodman
BACKGROUND: Minimal literature exists regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among refugee children in the United States. Reliable ASD screening tools, such as the M-CHAT-R/F, have yet to be culturally adapted and translated into some languages spoken in the homes of these children. METHODS: Pediatric refugee patients (n = 13) of caregivers of Bhutanese (Nepali-speaking) descent were screened using a newly translated Nepali M-CHAT-R/F. The M-CHAT-R/F was adapted based on feedback from Bhutanese caregivers and interpreter expertise...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193452/the-core-and-beyond-in-the-language-ready-brain
#9
REVIEW
Peter Hagoort
In this paper a general cognitive architecture of spoken language processing is specified. This is followed by an account of how this cognitive architecture is instantiated in the human brain. Both the spatial aspects of the networks for language are discussed, as well as the temporal dynamics and the underlying neurophysiology. A distinction is proposed between networks for coding/decoding linguistic information and additional networks for getting from coded meaning to speaker meaning, i.e. for making the inferences that enable the listener to understand the intentions of the speaker...
February 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#10
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
February 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185087/attention-to-body-parts-varies-with-visual-preference-and-verb-effector-associations
#11
Ty W Boyer, Josita Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman
Theories of embodied conceptual meaning suggest fundamental relations between others' actions, language, and our own actions and visual attention processes. Prior studies have found that when people view an image of a neutral body in a scene they first look toward, in order, the head, torso, hands, and legs. Other studies show associations between action verbs and the body-effectors used in performing the action (e.g., "jump" with feet/legs; "talk" with face/head). In the present experiment, the visual attention of participants was recorded with a remote eye-tracking system while they viewed an image of an actor pantomiming an action and heard a concrete action verb...
February 9, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182997/assessing-language-skills-in-adult-key-word-signers-with-intellectual-disabilities-insights-from-sign-linguistics
#12
REVIEW
Nicola Grove, Bencie Woll
Manual signing is one of the most widely used approaches to support the communication and language skills of children and adults who have intellectual or developmental disabilities, and problems with communication in spoken language. A recent series of papers reporting findings from this population raises critical issues for professionals in the assessment of multimodal language skills of key word signers. Approaches to assessment will differ depending on whether key word signing (KWS) is viewed as discrete from, or related to, natural sign languages...
February 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179469/lesion-localization-of-speech-comprehension-deficits-in-chronic-aphasia
#13
Sara B Pillay, Jeffrey R Binder, Colin Humphries, William L Gross, Diane S Book
OBJECTIVE: Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) was used to localize impairments specific to multiword (phrase and sentence) spoken language comprehension. METHODS: Participants were 51 right-handed patients with chronic left hemisphere stroke. They performed an auditory description naming (ADN) task requiring comprehension of a verbal description, an auditory sentence comprehension (ASC) task, and a picture naming (PN) task. Lesions were mapped using high-resolution MRI...
February 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174545/categorization-of-natural-whistled-vowels-by-na%C3%A3-ve-listeners-of-different-language-background
#14
Julien Meyer, Laure Dentel, Fanny Meunier
Whistled speech in a non-tonal language consists of the natural emulation of vocalic and consonantal qualities in a simple modulated whistled signal. This special speech register represents a natural telecommunication system that enables high levels of sentence intelligibility by trained speakers and is not directly intelligible to naïve listeners. Yet, it is easily learned by speakers of the language that is being whistled, as attested by the current efforts of the revitalization of whistled Spanish in the Canary Islands...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167003/visual-speech-alters-the-discrimination-and-identification-of-non-intact-auditory-speech-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#15
Susan Jerger, Markus F Damian, Rachel P McAlpine, Hervé Abdi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding spoken language is an audiovisual event that depends critically on the ability to discriminate and identify phonemes yet we have little evidence about the role of early auditory experience and visual speech on the development of these fundamental perceptual skills. Objectives of this research were to determine 1) how visual speech influences phoneme discrimination and identification; 2) whether visual speech influences these two processes in a like manner, such that discrimination predicts identification; and 3) how the degree of hearing loss affects this relationship...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164141/phonological-and-syntactic-competition-effects-in-spoken-word-recognition-evidence-from-corpus-based-statistics
#16
Jie Zhuang, Barry J Devereux
As spoken language unfolds over time the speech input transiently activates multiple candidates at different levels of the system - phonological, lexical, and syntactic - which in turn leads to short-lived between-candidate competition. In an fMRI study, we investigated how different kinds of linguistic competition may be modulated by the presence or absence of a prior context (Tyler 1984; Tyler et al. 2008). We found significant effects of lexico-phonological competition for isolated words, but not for words in short phrases, with high competition yielding greater activation in left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and posterior temporal regions...
February 7, 2017: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158201/children-show-right-lateralized-effects-of-spoken-word-form-learning
#17
Anni Nora, Leena Karvonen, Hanna Renvall, Tiina Parviainen, Jeong-Young Kim, Elisabet Service, Riitta Salmelin
It is commonly thought that phonological learning is different in young children compared to adults, possibly due to the speech processing system not yet having reached full native-language specialization. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms of phonological learning in children are poorly understood. We employed magnetoencephalography (MEG) to track cortical correlates of incidental learning of meaningless word forms over two days as 6-8-year-olds overtly repeated them. Native (Finnish) pseudowords were compared with words of foreign sound structure (Korean) to investigate whether the cortical learning effects would be more dependent on previous proficiency in the language rather than maturational factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146333/quantitative-linguistic-predictors-of-infants-learning-of-specific-english-words
#18
Daniel Swingley, Colman Humphrey
To evaluate which features of spoken language aid infant word learning, a corpus of infant-directed speech (M. R. Brent & J. M. Siskind, 2001) was characterized on several linguistic dimensions and statistically related to the infants' vocabulary outcomes word by word. Comprehension (at 12 and 15 months) and production (15 months) were predicted by frequency, frequency of occurrence in one-word utterances, concreteness, utterance length, and typical duration. These features have been proposed to influence learning before, but here their relative contributions were measured...
February 1, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139167/a-quantitative-study-of-right-dislocation-in-cantonese-spoken-discourse
#19
Christy Choi-Ting Lai, Sam-Po Law, Anthony Pak-Hin Kong
Right Dislocation (RD) has been suggested to be a focus marking device carrying an affective function motivated by limited planning time in conversation. The current study investigated the effects of genre type, planning load and affective function on the use of RD in Cantonese monologues. Discourse data were extracted from a recently developed corpus of oral narratives in Cantonese Chinese containing language samples from 144 native Cantonese speakers evenly distributed in age, education levels and gender...
January 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129337/the-potential-of-automatic-word-comparison-for-historical-linguistics
#20
Johann-Mattis List, Simon J Greenhill, Russell D Gray
The amount of data from languages spoken all over the world is rapidly increasing. Traditional manual methods in historical linguistics need to face the challenges brought by this influx of data. Automatic approaches to word comparison could provide invaluable help to pre-analyze data which can be later enhanced by experts. In this way, computational approaches can take care of the repetitive and schematic tasks leaving experts to concentrate on answering interesting questions. Here we test the potential of automatic methods to detect etymologically related words (cognates) in cross-linguistic data...
2017: PloS One
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