Read by QxMD icon Read

spoken language

Kelly N Jahn, Ryan A Stevenson, Mark T Wallace
OBJECTIVES: Despite significant improvements in speech perception abilities following cochlear implantation, many prelingually deafened cochlear implant (CI) recipients continue to rely heavily on visual information to develop speech and language. Increased reliance on visual cues for understanding spoken language could lead to the development of unique audiovisual integration and visual-only processing abilities in these individuals. Brain imaging studies have demonstrated that good CI performers, as indexed by auditory-only speech perception abilities, have different patterns of visual cortex activation in response to visual and auditory stimuli as compared with poor CI performers...
October 19, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Zahra Polat, Erdoğan Bulut, Ahmet Ataş
BACKGROUND: Spoken word recognition and speech perception tests in quiet are being used as a routine in assessment of the benefit which children and adult cochlear implant users receive from their devices. Cochlear implant users generally demonstrate high level performances in these test materials as they are able to achieve high level speech perception ability in quiet situations. Although these test materials provide valuable information regarding Cochlear Implant (CI) users' performances in optimal listening conditions, they do not give realistic information regarding performances in adverse listening conditions, which is the case in the everyday environment...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Rebecca A Gilbert, Graham J Hitch, Tom Hartley
The capacity of serially ordered auditory-verbal short-term memory (AVSTM) is sensitive to the timing of the material to be stored, and both temporal processing and AVSTM capacity are implicated in the development of language. We developed a novel "rehearsal-probe" task to investigate the relationship between temporal precision and the capacity to remember serial order. Participants listened to a sub-span sequence of spoken digits and silently rehearsed the items and their timing during an unfilled retention interval...
October 19, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
Christopher R Watts, Shaheen N Awan, Youri Maryn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship and reliability of cepstral peak prominence (CPP) measures from two acoustic software applications, Analysis of Dysphonia in Speech and Voice (ADSV) and Praat. METHODOLOGY: Flemish and English recordings of sustained vowels and connected speech samples were analyzed using ADSV and Praat. Correlational analyses and measures of the standard error of the estimate were applied to the vowel and connected speech data obtained from the two programs...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Julius T Kamwesiga, Lena von Koch, Anders Kottorp, Susanne Guidetti
BACKGROUND: Knowledge is scarce about the impact of stroke in Uganda, and culturally adapted, psychometrically tested patient-reported outcome measures are lacking. The Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 is recommended, but it has not been culturally adapted and validated in Uganda. OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt and determine the psychometric properties of the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 in the Ugandan context on a small scale. METHOD: The Stroke Impact Scale 3...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Haitham Taha
The current research examined how Arabic diglossia affects verbal learning memory. Thirty native Arab college students were tested using auditory verbal memory test that was adapted according to the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and developed in three versions: Pure spoken language version (SL), pure standard language version (SA), and phonologically similar version (PS). The result showed that for immediate free-recall, the performances were better for the SL and the PS conditions compared to the SA one...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Toni C Becker, Karla K McGregor
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of students with developmental language impairment (LI) are pursuing post-secondary education. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether college students with LI find spoken lectures to be a challenging learning context. METHOD: Study participants were college students, 34 with LI and 34 with normal language development (ND). Each took a baseline test of general topic knowledge, watched and listened to a 30min lecture, and took a posttest on specific information from the lecture...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
A K Lofters, M Slater, M Vahabi
Cancer screening is a core component of family medicine but screening inequalities are well documented in Canada for foreign-born persons. Although people of Muslim faith and culture are the fastest growing immigrant population in Canada, there is little information in the literature about their cancer screening practices. Determining screening gaps could inform practice-based quality improvement initiatives. We conducted a retrospective chart review combining patient-level medical record data with self-reported religious affiliation to examine the relationship between religion and cancer screening in a large multi-site urban family practice...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Natasha Warner, Anne Cutler
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence from spoken word recognition suggests that for English listeners, distinguishing full versus reduced vowels is important, but discerning stress differences involving the same full vowel (as in mu- from music or museum) is not. In Dutch, in contrast, the latter distinction is important. This difference arises from the relative frequency of unstressed full vowels in the two vocabularies. The goal of this paper is to determine how this difference in the lexicon influences the perception of stressed versus unstressed vowels...
October 7, 2016: Phonetica
Serena Bianchi, Laura D Reyes, William D Hopkins, Jared P Taglialatela, Chet C Sherwood
Vocal learning is a key property of spoken language, which might also be present in nonhuman primate species, such as chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), to a limited degree. While understanding the origins of vocal learning in the primate brain may help shed light on the evolution of speech and language, little is still known regarding the neurobiological correlates of vocal flexibility in nonhuman primates. The current study used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to assess whether the cerebral cortex of captive chimpanzees that learned to voluntarily produce sounds to attract the attention of a human experimenter (attention-getting sounds) differs in grey matter distribution compared to chimpanzees that do not exhibit this behavior...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Mallene Wiggin
Hearing is essential for the development of speech, spoken language, and listening skills. Children previously went undiagnosed with hearing loss until they were 2.5 or 3 years of age. The auditory deprivation during this critical period of development significantly impacted long-term listening and spoken language outcomes. Due to the advent of universal newborn hearing screening, the average age of diagnosis has dropped to the first few months of life, which sets the stage for outcomes that include children with speech, spoken language, and auditory skill testing in the normal range...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Sophie E Ambrose
Purpose: This study examined the gesture use of 14-month-old toddlers with hearing loss (HL) and mothers' responses to children's early gesture use. Comparisons were made to symbolic language and to dyads in which the toddler had normal hearing (NH). Method: Participants were 25 mother-toddler dyads in which the child had HL and a socioeconomic-status matched group of 23 mother-toddler dyads in which the child had NH. Thirty-minute mother-child interactions were video-recorded, transcribed for spoken language, sign, and gesture use, and coded for maternal responses to children's gestures...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Julie Hamaide, Geert De Groof, Gwendolyn Van Steenkiste, Ben Jeurissen, Johan Van Audekerke, Maarten Naeyaert, Lisbeth Van Ruijssevelt, Charlotte Cornil, Jan Sijbers, Marleen Verhoye, Annemie Van der Linden
Zebra finches are an excellent model to study the process of vocal learning, a complex socially-learned tool of communication that forms the basis of spoken human language. So far, structural investigation of the zebra finch brain has been performed ex vivo using invasive methods such as histology. These methods are highly specific, however, they strongly interfere with performing whole-brain analyses and exclude longitudinal studies aimed at establishing causal correlations between neuroplastic events and specific behavioral performances...
September 30, 2016: NeuroImage
Samad Afshari Bahmanbiglu, Fariba Mojiri, Fateme Abnavi
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates possible differences in sound characteristics associated with Farsi and Qashqai produced by Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-two Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals (16 men and 16 women) participated in the study. Mean spectral energy (MSE) and spectral tilt (ST) obtained from long-term average speech spectra were extracted from continuous speech samples of Farsi-Qashqai bilingual speakers...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Marc Marschark, William G Kronenberger, Mark Rosica, Georgianna Borgna, Carol Convertino, Andreana Durkin, Elizabeth Machmer, Kathryn L Schmitz
Two experiments examined relations among social maturity, executive function, language, and cochlear implant (CI) use among deaf high school and college students. Experiment 1 revealed no differences between deaf CI users, deaf nonusers, and hearing college students in measures of social maturity. However, deaf students (both CI users and nonusers) reported significantly greater executive function (EF) difficulties in several domains, and EF was related to social maturity. Experiment 2 found that deaf CI users and nonusers in high school did not differ from each other in social maturity or EF, but individuals who relied on sign language reported significantly more immature behaviors than deaf peers who used spoken language...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Lian van Berkel-van Hoof, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Augmentative signs may facilitate word learning in children with vocabulary difficulties, for example, children who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) and children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Despite the fact that augmentative signs may aid second language learning in populations with a typical language development, empirical evidence in favor of this claim is lacking. AIMS: We aim to investigate whether augmentative signs facilitate word learning for DHH children, children with SLI, and typically developing (TD) children...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
A C Jones, E Toscano, N Botting, C R Marshall, J R Atkinson, T Denmark, R Herman, G Morgan
Previous research has highlighted that deaf children acquiring spoken English have difficulties in narrative development relative to their hearing peers both in terms of macro-structure and with micro-structural devices. The majority of previous research focused on narrative tasks designed for hearing children that depend on good receptive language skills. The current study compared narratives of 6 to 11-year-old deaf children who use spoken English (N=59) with matched for age and non-verbal intelligence hearing peers...
September 21, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Wan-Yun Yu, Jie-Li Tsai
Previous psycholinguistic studies have demonstrated that people tend to direct fixations toward the visual object to which spoken input refers during language comprehension. However, it is still unclear how the visual scene, especially the semantic consistency between object and background, affects the word-object mapping process during comprehension. Two visual world paradigm experiments were conducted to investigate how the scene consistency dynamically influenced the language-driven eye movements in a speech comprehension and a scene comprehension task...
September 15, 2016: Acta Psychologica
Annemarie Vesseur, Rolien Free, Margreet Langereis, Chantal Snels, Ad Snik, Conny van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Emmanuel Mylanus
OBJECTIVE: Identifying aspects for establishing cochlear implantation guidelines for patients with ocular coloboma, heart defects, atresia of the choanae, retardation (of growth and/or of development), genital anomalies, and ear anomalies (CHARGE) syndrome (CS). STUDY DESIGN: Explorative retrospective study. SETTING: Cochlear implant (CI)-centers of tertiary referral centers in The Netherlands. PATIENTS: Ten patients with CS who received a CI between 2002 and 2012...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"