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child language disorders

Alan S Brown, David Gyllenberg, Heli Malm, Ian W McKeague, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Miia Artama, Mika Gissler, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Myrna M Weissman, Jay A Gingrich, Andre Sourander
Importance: Speech/language, scholastic, and motor disorders are common in children. It is unknown whether exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy influences susceptibility to these disorders. Objective: To examine whether SSRI exposure during pregnancy is associated with speech/language, scholastic, and motor disorders in offspring up to early adolescence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective birth cohort study examined national population-based register data in Finland from 1996 to 2010...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Jena McDaniel, Paul J Yoder
The behavioral phenotype of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) offers one avenue for developing speech-language therapy services that are tailored to the individual's characteristics that affect treatment response. Behavioral phenotypes are patterns of behavioral strengths and weaknesses for specific genetic disorders that can help guide the development and implementation of effective interventions. Nonetheless, individual differences within children with DS must be acknowledged and addressed because behavioral phenotypes are probabilistic, not deterministic...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
L Badet, X Matillon, R Codas, M-O Timsit, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss, D Demede
AIMS: To describe indications, surgical aspects, results and outcomes of kidney transplantation in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database ( and Embase ( using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): "kidney transplantation", "pediatric", "children", "outcomes". Publications obtained were selected based on methodology, language, date of publication (last 10 years) and relevance...
September 29, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Laura J Hahn, Nancy C Brady, Kandace K Fleming, Steven F Warren
Purpose: In this study, we examine joint engagement (JE) in young children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) and its relationship to language abilities and autism spectrum disorder symptomatology at 24 to 36 months (toddler period) and 59 to 68 months (child period). Method: Participants were 28 children with FXS (24 boys, four girls) and their mothers. Videotaped home observations were conducted during the toddler period and coded for JE. Language abilities were measured at both ages from a developmental assessment, a functional measure, and from a language sample...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Beth A Earhart, Marian E Williams, Irina Zamora, Linda Marie Randolph, Jodie K Votava-Smith, Stephanie N Marcy
Duplication 7q11.23 syndrome is the reciprocal of Williams-Beuren deletion syndrome. Studies have reported a recognizable phenotype, including autism, intellectual disability, speech, and language delay, social anxiety, and behavioral difficulties in these individuals. Previous studies revealed a variety of craniofacial abnormalities, brain malformations, and cardiac abnormalities, including aortic dilation. This patient series evaluates five family members aged 2 months to 35 years, all with confirmed 7q11...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Satyakam Mohapatra, Udit Kumar Panda
Prader-Willi syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mental retardation and distinct physical, behavioral, and psychiatric features. Maladaptive behaviours, cognitive impairment, and impediments in speech and language seriously affect the early development and long-term functioning of individuals affected by the illness. We present a case of a 9-year-old child with Prader-Willi syndrome whose behavioural symptoms were treated with low-dose antipsychotic medications.
April 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Marwan M Al-Sharbati, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Zena M Al-Sharbati, Fatima Al-Sulaimani, Allal Ouhtit, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of mental and behavioral disorders in preschoolers is critical for a better prognosis, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for both the child and the family. Our study investigated the clinical profile of mental and behavioral disorders in children < 7 years of age, seeking consultation at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 1 June 2006 and 31 December 2010. The objective was to explore demographic variables, intervention types, and annual trends...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Vishal Sondhi, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Atin Kumar, Sudha Kohli, Renu Saxena, I C Verma, Sheffali Gulati
BACKGROUND: Acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) is a rare disorder characterized by encephalopathy following a febrile illness, mostly viral. Most cases are sporadic; however, recurrent and familial cases have been linked to RANBP2 mutation. DESCRIPTION OF THE CASE: This is a description of a three and half years old girl with recurrent ANE with RANBP2 mutation (c.1754 C>T (p.T585M)). She had two episodes of encephalopathy, each following a short non-specific febrile illness...
November 2016: Brain & Development
Xiaoyang Zhang, Lei Xue, Zhi Zhang, Yiwen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Health problems about children have been attracting much attention of parents and even the whole society all the time, among which, child-language development is a hot research topic. The experts and scholars have studied and found that the guardians taking appropriate intervention in children at the early stage can promote children's language and cognitive ability development effectively, and carry out analysis of quantity. The intervention of Artificial Intelligence Technology has effect on the autistic spectrum disorders of children obviously...
2016: Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
Virpi M Leppa, Stephanie N Kravitz, Christa Lese Martin, Joris Andrieux, Cedric Le Caignec, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Christina DyBuncio, Stephan J Sanders, Jennifer K Lowe, Rita M Cantor, Daniel H Geschwind
Rare mutations, including copy-number variants (CNVs), contribute significantly to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk. Although their importance has been established in families with only one affected child (simplex families), the contribution of both de novo and inherited CNVs to ASD in families with multiple affected individuals (multiplex families) is less well understood. We analyzed 1,532 families from the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) to assess the impact of de novo and rare CNVs on ASD risk in multiplex families...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Kaitlyn B Olson, Carol L Wilkinson, M Jackson Wilkinson, Jamal Harris, Amy Whittle
Speech and language delays are common developmental disorders that can lead to long-term academic and psychosocial impairments. Affected families often benefit from instruction in cultivating a language-rich home environment. This study investigated the feasibility of utilizing text messaging to deliver developmental education to families. Parents of children aged 11 to 36 months with concerning language development were enrolled in a 3-month text messaging program. Pre-program and post-program telephone surveys were completed...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Alessandra Del Felice
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 6, 2012.Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. Despite the plethora of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) currently available, 30% of people continue having seizures. This group of people requires a more aggressive treatment, since monotherapy, the first choice scheme, fails to control seizures. Nevertheless, polytherapy often results in a number of unwanted effects, including neurological disturbances (somnolence, ataxia, dizziness), psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, and metabolic alteration (osteoporosis, inducement or inhibition of hepatic enzymes, etc...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sarah E Martin, Jeffrey I Hunt, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Heather L Hunter, Maria Teresa Coutinho, John R Boekamp
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) is a new and controversial child psychiatric disorder characterized by persistent irritability and frequent temper loss. Among the controversies surrounding DMDD is whether the age of onset criterion-that DMDD may not be diagnosed before age 6 years-is justified. This study examined DMDD symptoms and associated patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, behavioral, and family functioning in a sample of 139 preschoolers (ages 4-0 to 5-11 years) admitted to an early childhood psychiatric day treatment program...
August 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Lorena Sanz, Patricia Bau, Ignacio Arribas, Teresa Rivera
OBJECTIVES: A child's voice is used both as a tool for communication and as a form of emotional expression. Thus, voice disorders suffered by children have negative effects on their quality of life, which can be assessed using the "Pediatric Voice Handicap Index" (P-VHI). This questionnaire is completed by the parents of dysphonic patients and it has been validated in different languages: Italian, Korean, Arabic, and Spanish. More recently, the "Children Voice Handicap Index-10" test (C-VHI-10) was developed and validated, an Italian version reduced into 10 items that is answered by children themselves...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Cheryl D Tierney, Kathleen Pitterle, Marie Kurtz, Mark Nakhla, Carlyn Todorow
Childhood apraxia of speech is a neurologic speech sound disorder in which children have difficulty constructing words and sounds due to poor motor planning and coordination of the articulators required for speech sound production. We report the case of a 3-year-old boy strongly suspected to have childhood apraxia of speech at 18 months of age who used multimodal communication to facilitate language development throughout his work with a speech language pathologist. In 18 months of an intensive structured program, he exhibited atypical rapid improvement, progressing from having no intelligible speech to achieving age-appropriate articulation...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Giselle Massi, Dayane Roberta de França, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Angela Ribas, Vinícios Duarte Fonseca, Ana Cristina Guarinello, Nadine de Biagi Ziesemer
BACKGROUND: Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare disorder with different levels of severity due to congenital head and face abnormalities which affect language, orofacial musculature, voice and breadth, suction, chewing and swallowing functions. AIMS: This paper objectifies to report a Treacher Collins syndrome patient, describing phonoaudiological changes that can be found in individuals suffering from this syndrome. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The study was carried out with a male child at a teaching Speech Language Pathology clinic in Southern Brazil...
2016: International Tinnitus Journal
Jeanette M Jerrell, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The greater severity and burden of illness in individuals with early onset schizophrenia (ie, before age 18 years) deserves further investigation, specifically regarding its prevalence in community-based treatment and its association with other psychiatric or medical conditions. METHOD: A retrospective cohort design was employed using the South Carolina Medicaid claims database covering outpatient and inpatient medical services from January 1, 1999, through December 31, 2013, to identify patients aged ≤ 17 years with a diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (ICD-9-CM)...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Ricardo Erazo, Jaime González, Consuelo Quintanilla, Claudia Devaud, Consuelo Gayoso, Ximena Toledo, Erna Rauch, Claudia Riffo, Carolina Alvarez, Marne Salazar, Daniela Salvo, Josep Dalmau, Orietta Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Subacute anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis was recognised in 2007 as a clinical entity, and was first described in young women with ovarian teratoma. The first paediatric series unrelated with tumours was reported in 2009. OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of 13 patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in Chile. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A description is presented of 13 children, 9 males, aged between 1 and 16 years, diagnosed between 2009 and 2016 in 7 hospitals...
July 28, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Vanessa Hus Bal, Terry Katz, Somer L Bishop, Kate Krasileva
BACKGROUND: Minimally verbal (MV) children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often assumed to be profoundly cognitively impaired and excluded from analyses due to challenges completing standardized testing protocols. A literature aimed at increasing understanding of this subgroup is emerging; however, the many methods used to define MV status make it difficult to compare studies. Understanding how different instruments and definitions used to identify MV children affect sample composition is critical to advance research on this understudied clinical population...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Mirko Uljarević, Napoleon Katsos, Kristelle Hudry, Jenny L Gibson
BACKGROUND: Language and communication skills are essential aspects of child development, which are often disrupted in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Cutting edge research in psycholinguistics suggests that multilingualism has potential to influence social, linguistic and cognitive development. Thus, multilingualism has implications for clinical assessment, diagnostic formulation, intervention and support offered to families. We present a systematic review and synthesis of the effects of multilingualism for children with neurodevelopmental disorders and discuss clinical implications...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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