keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child language disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914349/social-skills-in-children-with-rasopathies-a-comparison-of-noonan-syndrome-and-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#1
Elizabeth I Pierpont, Rebekah L Hudock, Allison M Foy, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Mary Ella Pierpont, Susan A Berry, Ryan Shanley, Nathan Rubin, Katherine Sommer, Christopher L Moertel
BACKGROUND: Gene mutations within the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade result in Noonan syndrome (NS), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and related disorders. Recent research has documented an increased risk for social difficulties and features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children with these conditions. Despite this emerging evidence, the neuropsychological characteristics associated with social skills deficits are not well understood, particularly for children with NS. METHODS: Parents of children with NS (n = 39), NF1 (n = 39), and unaffected siblings (n = 32) between the ages of 8 and 16 years were administered well-validated caregiver questionnaires assessing their child's social skills, language abilities, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and anxiety...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906629/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-cognitive-development-at-two-years-of-age
#2
Lisa Smithson, Tieghan Baird, Sukhpreet K Tamana, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Deryk S Beal, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
BACKGROUND: Both short sleep duration and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with poor neurocognitive development. However, the co-contributions of short sleep duration and SDB on neurodevelopment in pre-school children are relatively unknown. METHODS: We assessed both sleep duration and SDB by quarterly questionnaire from three months to two years of age among Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort participants. Group-based modeling determined trajectories of total, daytime, and nighttime sleep duration and SDB...
April 30, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893787/clinician-vs-machine-estimating-vocalizations-rates-in-young-children-with-developmental-disorders
#3
Shelley L Bredin-Oja, Heather Fielding, Kandace K Fleming, Steven F Warren
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of an automated language analysis system, the Language Environment Analysis (LENA), compared with a human transcriber to determine the rate of child vocalizations during recording sessions that were significantly shorter than recommended for the automated device. Method: Participants were 6 nonverbal male children between the ages of 28 and 46 months. Two children had autism diagnoses, 2 had Down syndrome, 1 had a chromosomal deletion, and 1 had developmental delay...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872673/the-impact-of-pediatric-skin-disease-on-self-esteem
#4
REVIEW
K L Vivar, L Kruse
Background: Pediatric skin disorders can affect children's self-esteem, relationships with caregivers and peers, and performance in school and activities. Objective: This review describes common pediatric congenital and acquired dermatologic disorders and the impact that these disorders can have on children's self-esteem. Methods: A review of current, English-language literature was conducted with use of the PubMed database. Search terms included atopic dermatitis, acne, infantile hemangiomas, port wine stains, congenital melanocytic nevi, hidradenitis suppurativa, and self-esteem...
March 2018: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870776/altered-activation-and-functional-asymmetry-of-exner-s-area-but-not-the-visual-word-form-area-in-a-child-with-sudden-onset-persistent-mirror-writing
#5
Annika Linke, Elizabeth Roach-Fox, Ellen Vriezen, Asuri Narayan Prasad, Rhodri Cusack
Mirror writing is often produced by healthy children during early acquisition of literacy, and has been observed in adults following neurological disorders or insults. The neural mechanisms responsible for involuntary mirror writing remain debated, but in healthy children, it is typically attributed to the delayed development of a process of overcoming mirror invariance while learning to read and write. We present an unusual case of sudden-onset, persistent mirror writing in a previously typical seven-year-old girl...
June 2, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848556/nonpharmacologic-treatments-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Adam P Goode, Remy R Coeytaux, Gary R Maslow, Naomi Davis, Sherika Hill, Behrouz Namdari, Nancy M Allen LaPointe, Deanna Befus, Kathryn R Lallinger, Samantha E Bowen, Andrzej Kosinski, Amanda J McBroom, Gillian D Sanders, Alex R Kemper
CONTEXT: Nonpharmacologic treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompass a range of care approaches from structured behavioral interventions to complementary medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD among individuals 17 years of age and younger. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for relevant English-language studies published from January 1, 2009 through November 7, 2016...
May 30, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845825/managing-fertile-women-under-lithium-treatment-the-challenge-of-a-teratology-information-service
#7
Caterina Neri, Carmen De Luca, Luisa D'oria, Angelo Licameli, Marta Nucci, Marcella Pellegrino, Alessandro Caruso, Marco De Santis
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study is to review the literature regarding the management of fertile patients under lithium treatment for bipolar disorder and to report the experience of our Teratology Information Service over the past thirteen years in managing women treated with lithium during preconception, pregnancy and breastfeeding. METHODS: This research focuses on a selective review of the literature and a retrospective survey has been carried out on fertile women under lithium treatment who called our service at A...
June 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845607/interventions-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#8
REVIEW
Angela T Morgan, Elizabeth Murray, Frederique J Liégeois
BACKGROUND: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) affects a child's ability to produce sounds and syllables precisely and consistently, and to produce words and sentences with accuracy and correct speech rhythm. It is a rare condition, affecting only 0.1% of the general population. Consensus has been reached that three core features have diagnostic validity: (1) inconsistent error production on both consonants and vowels across repeated productions of syllables or words; (2) lengthened and impaired coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables; and (3) inappropriate prosody (ASHA 2007)...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845306/-management-of-developmental-speech-language-disorders-in-children-part-2-intervention-and-remediation
#9
R Schönweiler
In the first part of this seminar paper, speech-language development tests were presented and the importance of the differential diagnosis of the underlying causes of the diagnosed language development disorder was discussed. The second part focuses on counseling and training of the parents, as well as the different treatment methods used for speech-language therapy for affected children in out- and inpatient settings. These procedures should be applied according to the individual developmental age. The official guidelines are to be respected, especially for medical speech-language therapy...
May 29, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801160/infant-mother-acoustic-prosodic-alignment-and-developmental-risk
#10
Amanda Seidl, Alejandrina Cristia, Melanie Soderstrom, Eon-Suk Ko, Emily A Abel, Ashleigh Kellerman, A J Schwichtenberg
Purpose: One promising early marker for autism and other communicative and language disorders is early infant speech production. Here we used daylong recordings of high- and low-risk infant-mother dyads to examine whether acoustic-prosodic alignment as well as two automated measures of infant vocalization are related to developmental risk status indexed via familial risk and developmental progress at 36 months of age. Method: Automated analyses of the acoustics of daylong real-world interactions were used to examine whether pitch characteristics of one vocalization by the mother or the child predicted those of the vocalization response by the other speaker and whether other features of infants' speech in daylong recordings were associated with developmental risk status or outcomes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#11
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783788/development-of-the-mental-synthesis-evaluation-checklist-msec-a-parent-report-tool-for-mental-synthesis-ability-assessment-in-children-with-language-delay
#12
Julia Braverman, Rita Dunn, Andrey Vyshedskiy
Mental synthesis is the conscious purposeful process of synthesizing novel mental images from objects stored in memory. Mental synthesis ability is essential for understanding complex syntax, spatial prepositions, and verb tenses. In typical children, the timeline of mental synthesis acquisition is highly correlated with an increasing vocabulary. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), on the other hand, may learn hundreds of words but never acquire mental synthesis. In these individuals, tests assessing vocabulary comprehension may fail to demonstrate the profound deficit in mental synthesis...
May 20, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781701/intervention-for-bilingual-speech-sound-disorders-a-case-study-of-an-isixhosa-english-speaking-child
#13
Kate Rossouw, Michelle Pascoe
 Bilingualism is common in South Africa, with many children acquiring isiXhosa as a home language and learning English from a young age in nursery or crèche. IsiXhosa is a local language, part of the Bantu language family, widely spoken in the country. Aims: To describe changes in a bilingual child's speech following intervention based on a theoretically motivated and tailored intervention plan. Methods and procedures: This study describes a female isiXhosa-English bilingual child, named Gcobisa (pseudonym) (chronological age 4 years and 2 months) with a speech sound disorder...
March 19, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763417/meta-analyses-of-individual-versus-group-interventions-for-pre-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#15
Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Celine Miyazaki, Masashi Mikami, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Yeonhee Hwang, Akiko Terasaka, Eriko Kobayashi, Yoko Kamio
There is little evidence regarding the effects of individual and group intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on important outcomes. We performed meta-analyses using a random effects model to investigate the effectiveness of the individual and group intervention studies and to compare the effectiveness of these two types if possible. The main analysis which excluded studies at a high risk of bias (Analysis I) included 14 randomised controlled trials targeting children with ASD≤6 years of age (594 children)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#16
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754501/naturalistic-language-sampling-to-characterize-the-language-abilities-of-3-year-olds-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Elizabeth C Bacon, Suzanna Osuna, Eric Courchesne, Karen Pierce
Characterization of language in naturalistic settings in autism spectrum disorder has been lacking, particularly at young ages, but such information is important for parents, teachers, and clinicians to better support language development in real-world settings. Factors contributing to this lack of clarity include conflicting definitions of language abilities, use of non-naturalistic standardized assessments, and restricted samples. The current study examined one of the largest datasets of naturalistic language samples in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder, and language delay and typically developing contrast groups at age 3...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739092/satb2-associated-syndrome-a-case-report-of-a-de-novo-nonsense-mutation-in-satb2-from-china-and-review-of-literature
#18
Hong-Yan Lv, Rui-Jiang Zheng, Qiu-Li Wang, Peng-Shun Ren, Lin-Hong Jin, Xiu-Ling Gu, Lian-Xiang Li
BACKGROUND: To study the clinical and genetic features from a Chinese child with SATB2-associated syndrome (SAS) and review of literature. METHODS: The girl, 2 years 3 months old, is admitted to the Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation in our hospital. This patient has mental retardation, language development disorder, cleft palate II0, micrognathia, malocclusion, irritability and bilateral oblique palpebral fissure as a clinical manifestation and is treated for 3 months...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732730/differences-in-teachers-verbal-responsiveness-to-groups-of-children-with-asd-who-vary-in-cognitive-and-language-abilities
#19
X Qian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine whether verbal responsiveness in special education teachers varied among subgroups of children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 112) who differed in cognitive and language abilities. METHODS: Participants were divided into clusters using cluster analysis based on standardised cognitive and language tests using k-mean clustering. For each child, a 15-min video of free play in school setting was collected. Three types of responsive utterances were coded: follow-in directives for behaviour, follow-in directives for language and follow-in comments...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725027/parental-perception-of-listening-difficulties-an-interaction-between-weaknesses-in-language-processing-and-ability-to-sustain-attention
#20
Hettie Roebuck, Johanna G Barry
(Central) auditory processing disorder ((C)APD) is a controversial diagnostic category which may be an artefact of referral route. Yet referral route must, to some extent, be influenced by a child's profile of presenting symptoms. This study tested the hypothesis that parental perception of listening difficulty is associated with weaknesses in ability to sustain attention while listening to speech. Forty-four children (24 with listening difficulties) detected targets embedded in a 16-minute story. The targets were either mispronunciations or nonsense words...
May 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
89607
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"