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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450839/characterizing-health-disparities-in-the-age-of-autism-diagnosis-in-a-study-of-8-year-old-children
#1
Chandni Parikh, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Ann M Mastergeorge, Sydney Pettygrove
The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often delayed from the time of noted concerns to the actual diagnosis. The current study used child- and family-level factors to identify homogeneous classes in a surveillance-based sample (n = 2303) of 8-year-old children with ASD. Using latent class analysis, a 5-class model emerged and the class memberships were examined in relation to the child's median age at ASD diagnosis. Class 3, with known language delays and a high advantage socioeconomically had the lowest age of ASD diagnosis (46...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432246/evaluation-and-management-of-the-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Nicole Baumer, Sarah J Spence
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. This article provides the tools to diagnose and manage patients with autism spectrum disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous condition with varying presentations, multiple etiologies, and a number of comorbidities that impact the course and management of the disorder...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427538/the-impact-on-the-family-of-the-co-existing-conditions-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Alexandra M Petrou, Abigail Soul, Beena Koshy, Helen McConachie, Jeremy R Parr
We aimed to investigate whether the impact on families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is associated with the number and/or type of emotional and behavioral co-existing conditions that parents/carers of children with ASD reported as occurring frequently. In addition, we examined whether there was a greater impact on families if their child was male, had lower levels of language, had more severe autism symptomatology, and whether impact was associated with the number and/or type of co-existing conditions...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424959/influence-of-family-demographic-factors-on-social-communication-questionnaire-scores
#4
Steven A Rosenberg, Eric J Moody, Li-Ching Lee, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Gayle C Windham, Lisa D Wiggins, Laura A Schieve, Caroline M Ledbetter, Susan E Levy, Lisa Blaskey, Lisa Young, Pilar Bernal, Cordelia R Rosenberg, M Daniele Fallin
This study examined the effect of demographic factors on Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) scores in children aged 30-68 months. Diagnoses of ASD were made after a gold standard evaluation that included the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), and the Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised (ADI-R). The relationship of demographic variables to SCQ scores was compared in two source populations: (a) children recruited from clinical and educational sources serving children who have ASD or other developmental disorders (CE) and (b) children recruited from birth certificates to represent the general population (BC)...
February 9, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415681/prenatal-and-perinatal-risks-for-late-language-emergence-in-a-population-level-sample-of-twins-at-age-2
#5
Catherine L Taylor, Mabel L Rice, Daniel Christensen, Eve Blair, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Late Language Emergence (LLE) in the first two years of life is one of the most common parental concerns about child development and reasons for seeking advice from health professionals. LLE is much more prevalent in twins (38%) than singletons (20%). In studies of language development in twins without overt disability, adverse prenatal and perinatal environments have been reported to play a lesser role in the etiology of LLE than adverse postnatal environments. However, there is a lack of population-level evidence about prenatal and perinatal risk factors for LLE in twins...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413437/prenatal-exposure-to-methadone-or-buprenorphine-early-childhood-developmental-outcomes
#6
Karol Kaltenbach, Kevin E O'Grady, Sarah H Heil, Amy L Salisbury, Mara G Coyle, Gabriele Fischer, Peter R Martin, Susan Stine, Hendrée E Jones
BACKGROUND: Methadone and buprenorphine are recommended to treat opioid use disorders during pregnancy. However, the literature on the relationship between longer-term effects of prenatal exposure to these medications and childhood development is both spare and inconsistent. METHODS: Participants were 96 children and their mothers who participated in MOTHER, a randomized controlled trial of opioid-agonist pharmacotherapy during pregnancy. The present study examined child growth parameters, cognition, language abilities, sensory processing, and temperament from 0 to 36 months of the child's life...
February 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413138/mitigating-the-effect-of-persistent-postnatal-depression-on-child-outcomes-through-an-intervention-to-treat-depression-and-improve-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Alan Stein, Elena Netsi, Peter J Lawrence, Charlotte Granger, Claire Kempton, Michelle G Craske, Alecia Nickless, Jill Mollison, D Anne Stewart, Elizabeth Rapa, Valerie West, Gaia Scerif, Peter J Cooper, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Maternal postnatal depression occurs following 10-15% of births and is associated with a range of negative child outcomes. Risks to children are particularly increased when postnatal depression is persistent. We aimed to examine whether a parenting video-feedback therapy (VFT) intervention versus a control treatment of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), both added to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for persistent postnatal depression, would lead to improved child outcomes at age 2 years...
February 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411470/development-of-a-language-screening-instrument-for-swedish-4-year-olds
#8
Ann Lavesson, Martin Lövdén, Kristina Hansson
BACKGROUND: The Swedish Program for health surveillance of preschool children includes screening of language and communication abilities. One important language screening is carried out at age 4 years as part of a general screening conducted by health nurses at child health centres. The instruments presently in use for this screening mainly focus on expressive phonology. This may result in both over-referral of children with phonological difficulties and under-referral of children with language disorders (LDs), involving difficulties with vocabulary, grammar and/or language comprehension...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411040/cognitive-profiles-of-finnish-preschool-children-with-expressive-and-receptive-language-impairment
#9
Virpi Saar, Sari Levänen, Erkki Komulainen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the verbal and nonverbal cognitive profiles of children with specific language impairment (SLI) with problems predominantly in expressive (SLI-E) or receptive (SLI-R) language skills. These diagnostic subgroups have not been compared before in psychological studies. Method: Participants were preschool-age Finnish-speaking children with SLI diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team. Cognitive profile differences between the diagnostic subgroups and the relationship between verbal and nonverbal reasoning skills were evaluated...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410639/what-can-lexical-tone-training-studies-in-adults-tell-us-about-tone-processing-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Mark Antoniou, Jessica L L Chin
A growing number of studies on the acquisition of lexical tone by adult learners have revealed that factors such as language background, musical experience, cognitive abilities, and neuroanatomy all play a role in determining tone learning success. On the basis of these findings, it has been argued that the effectiveness of tone learning in adulthood depends on individual differences in these factors. However, it is not clear whether similar individual differences play an analogous role in tone learning in childhood...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402382/language-environment-analysis-lena-system-investigation-of-day-long-recordings-in-children-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Hillary Ganek, Alice Eriks-Brophy
The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System is a relatively new recording technology that can be used to investigate typical child language acquisition and populations with language disorders. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize language acquisition researchers and speech-language pathologists with how the LENA System is currently being used in research. The authors outline issues in peer-reviewed research based on the device. Considerations when using the LENA System are discussed.
December 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376397/associations-between-parental-broader-autism-phenotype-and-child-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotype-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#12
Eric Rubenstein, Lisa D Wiggins, Laura A Schieve, Chyrise Bradley, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Eric Moody, Juhi Pandey, Rebecca Edmondson Pretzel, Annie Green Howard, Andrew F Olshan, Brian W Pence, Julie Daniels
The autism spectrum disorder phenotype varies by social and communication ability and co-occurring developmental, behavioral, and medical conditions. Etiology is also diverse, with myriad potential genetic origins and environmental risk factors. Examining the influence of parental broader autism phenotype-a set of sub-clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorder-on child autism spectrum disorder phenotypes may help reduce heterogeneity in potential genetic predisposition for autism spectrum disorder...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374284/well-being-and-resilience-in-children-with-speech-and-language-disorders
#13
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
Purpose: Children with speech and language disorders are at risk in relation to psychological and social well-being. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of these children from their own perspectives focusing on risks to their well-being and protective indicators that may promote resilience. Method: Eleven 9- to 12-year-old children (4 boys and 7 girls) were recruited using purposeful sampling. One participant presented with a speech sound disorder, 1 presented with both a speech and language disorder, and 9 with language disorders...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370404/negative-symptoms-in-early-onset-psychosis-and-their-association-with-antipsychotic-treatment-failure
#14
Johnny Downs, Harry Dean, Suzannah Lechler, Nicola Sears, Rashmi Patel, Hitesh Shetty, Matthew Hotopf, Tamsin Ford, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Covadonga M Diaz-Caneja, Celso Arango, James H MacCabe, Richard D Hayes, Laura Pina-Camacho
The prevalence of negative symptoms (NS) at first episode of early-onset psychosis (EOP), and their effect on psychosis prognosis is unclear. In a sample of 638 children with EOP (aged 10-17 y, 51% male), we assessed (1) the prevalence of NS at first presentation to mental health services and (2) whether NS predicted eventual development of multiple treatment failure (MTF) prior to the age of 18 (defined by initiation of a third trial of novel antipsychotic due to prior insufficient response, intolerable adverse-effects or non-adherence)...
January 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361438/comparison-of-anxiety-and-child-care-education-characteristics-of-mothers-who-have-children-with-or-without-speech-delays
#15
Talih Özdaş, Ayşe Sanem Şahlı, Behiye Sarıkaya Özdemir, Erol Belgin
INTRODUCTION: Speech delay in a child could be the cause and/or result of the emotional disorder. The child rearing attitude that the parents have accepted could have both positive and negative effects on the personality of the child. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate the sociodemographic features and the mothers' anxiety of children with speech delay. METHODS: One hundred five mothers with children aged between 3 and 6 years with speech delays were included in the patient group, and 105 mothers who have children aged between 3 and 6 years with normal speech and language development were included in the control group...
January 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353508/vocabulary-comprehension-and-strategies-in-name-construction-among-children-using-aided-communication
#16
Débora Deliberato, Margareta Jennische, Judith Oxley, Leila Regina d'Oliveira de Paula Nunes, Cátia Crivelenti de Figueiredo Walter, Munique Massaro, Maria Amélia Almeida, Kristine Stadskleiv, Carmen Basil, Marc Coronas, Martine Smith, Stephen von Tetzchner
Vocabulary learning reflects the language experiences of the child, both in typical and atypical development, although the vocabulary development of children who use aided communication may differ from children who use natural speech. This study compared the performance of children using aided communication with that of peers using natural speech on two measures of vocabulary knowledge: comprehension of graphic symbols and labeling of common objects. There were 92 participants not considered intellectually disabled in the aided group...
January 22, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345499/disrupted-behaviour-in-grammatical-morphology-in-french-speakers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Marie-Thérèse Le Normand, Romuald Blanc, Simona Caldani, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger available from the CHILDES...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345153/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-use-in-pregnant-women-pharmacogenetics-drug-drug-interactions-and-adverse-effects
#18
Asher Ornoy, Gideon Koren
Possible negative effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in pregnancy relate to congenital anomalies, negative perinatal events and neurodevelopmental outcome. Many studies are confounded by the underlying maternal disease and by pharmacogenetic and pharmacokinetic differences of these drugs. Areas covered: The possible interactions of SSRIs and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors with other drugs and the known effects of SSRIs on congenital anomalies, perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome...
January 18, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344084/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-africa-a-scoping-review-of-its-application-and-validation
#19
REVIEW
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. We set out to perform a scoping review to examine existing studies that have used the SDQ in Africa. Methods: A comprehensive scoping review methodology was used to identify all peer-reviewed studies ever published that have used the SDQ in Africa...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
February 2, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
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