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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662527/stimulant-withdrawal-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-adhd-a-case-report
#1
Aneta Krakowski, Abel Ickowicz
Objective: To consider whether the concepts of tolerance and withdrawal to stimulant medications apply to a preadolescent female, affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and treated for associated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: We describe the case history and review scientific English language literature pertaining to acute withdrawal effects associated with methylphenidate and amphetamine derivatives in children. Results: An 11-year-old female with ASD and ADHD referred to our clinic experienced vomiting, headaches, and light sensitivity following abrupt discontinuation of methylphenidate; she subsequently presented with migraines and marked malaise immediately after a dose reduction in lisdexamfetamine...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649023/helping-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-cope-with-divorce
#2
Marie Reilly, Jason Fogler, Carolyn Bridgemohan, Melora Wiley, Carol Weitzman, Marilyn Augustyn
Aaron is an 11-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with cognitive and language skills in the above-average range, whose parents have recently separated. Aaron's mother initiated the separation when she learned that Aaron's father had maintained a relationship with a woman with whom he has a 10-year-old daughter. When Aaron's mother discovered this relationship, she demanded that Aaron's father leave their home.Aaron's father has moved in with his long-term girlfriend and keeps in contact with Aaron by calling once a day...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628620/automatic-analysis-of-pronunciations-for-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#3
Shiran Dudy, Steven Bedrick, Meysam Asgari, Alexander Kain
Computer-Assisted Pronunciation Training (CAPT) systems aim to help a child learn the correct pronunciations of words. However, while there are many online commercial CAPT apps, there is no consensus among Speech Language Therapists (SLPs) or non-professionals about which CAPT systems, if any, work well. The prevailing assumption is that practicing with such programs is less reliable and thus does not provide the feedback necessary to allow children to improve their performance. The most common method for assessing pronunciation performance is the Goodness of Pronunciation (GOP) technique...
July 2018: Computer Speech & Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627115/migrant-children-within-europe-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-perspectives-on-their-health-experiences
#4
REVIEW
P Curtis, J Thompson, H Fairbrother
OBJECTIVES: To review the extant literature to explore what is known about children's own perspectives on their health experiences, focussing on children and young people who have migrated into, and within, Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review with narrative synthesis. METHODS: A review of English language articles was performed in June 2016 using the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Science. Included articles had to report data generated directly with children, up to 18 years of age, who had migrated across national borders into, or within, Europe during their own lifetimes...
April 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621801/prologue-toward-accurate-identification-of-developmental-language-disorder-within-linguistically-diverse-schools
#5
Janna B Oetting
Purpose: Although the 5 studies presented within this clinical forum include children who differ widely in locality, language learning profile, and age, all were motivated by a desire to improve the accuracy at which developmental language disorder is identified within linguistically diverse schools. The purpose of this prologue is to introduce the readers to a conceptual framework that unites the studies while also highlighting the approaches and methods each research team is pursuing to improve assessment outcomes within their respective linguistically diverse community...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608153/use-of-a-video-scoring-anchor-for-rapid-serial-assessment-of-social-communication-in-toddlers
#6
Natasha Marrus, Stefanie Kennon-McGill, Brooke Harris, Yi Zhang, Anne L Glowinski, John N Constantino
Reciprocal social behavior (RSB), an early-emerging capacity to engage in social contingency-which is foundational for both social learning and social competency-is hypothesized to be disrupted in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The ability to quantify the full range of RSB during the toddler period, when core symptoms of ASD often arise, is pivotal for evaluating early risk for ASD, characterizing social development, and tracking response to early interventions. However, important parameters of variation in RSB-especially prior to the development of verbal language-can be nuanced and difficult to characterize using questionnaire-based methods...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605359/caregivers-perception-of-speech-and-language-status-and-related-needs-in-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
B Subramaniyan, Roopa Nagarajan, R Vaidyanathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comprehensive management for communication disorders in individuals with CLP was provided in a community based program in two rural districts in Tamilnadu, India. This program provides services at the community to empower the families about CLP and treatment options. OBJECTIVE: To document the caregiver perceptions' of communication status and needs in children with repaired CLP. METHOD: Six Focus Group Discussions were conducted in Thiruvannamalai and Cuddalore districts in Tamil Nadu, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593475/language-and-cognitive-impairment-associated-with-a-novel-p-cys63arg-change-in-the-med13l-transcriptional-regulator
#8
Salud Jiménez-Romero, Pilar Carrasco-Salas, Antonio Benítez-Burraco
Mutations in the MED13L gene, which encodes a subunit of a transcriptional regulatory complex, result in a complex phenotype entailing physical and cognitive anomalies. Deep language impairment has been reported in affected individuals, mostly in patients with copy number variations. We report on a child with a nonsynonymous p.Cys63Arg change in MED13L (chr12:116675396A>G, GRCh37) who exhibits profound language impairment in the expressive domain, cognitive delay, behavioral disturbances, and an autism-like phenotype...
February 2018: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589469/assessing-speech-language-and-communication-difficulties-in-children-referred-for-adhd-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-uk-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#9
Kelly M Y Chan, Andrew J B Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577529/quality-of-life-in-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#10
Patricia Eadie, Laura Conway, Birgit Hallenstein, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) is common in children, but little is known about its association with quality of life (QoL) in middle childhood. QoL is a complex construct, aligning with an individual's sense of well-being and is related to functional limitations associated with DLD. Biopsychosocial models of disability account for both the extent and functional limitations of the impairment; however, the DLD literature rarely reports on both aspects. Studies are required that detail QoL in children with and without DLD...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576267/interaction-between-the-opioid-receptor-oprm1-gene-and-mother-child-language-style-matching-prospectively-predicts-children-s-separation-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#11
Sameen Boparai, Jessica L Borelli, Lindsey Partington, Patricia Smiley, Ella Jarvik, Hannah F Rasmussen, Lauren C Seaman, Erika L Nurmi
Recent research suggests that lower mother-child language style matching (LSM) is associated with greater physiological reactivity and insecure attachment in school-aged children, but to date no studies have explored this measure of parent-child behavioral matching for its association with children's anxiety symptoms, a well-known correlate of attachment insecurity and heightened physiological reactivity. There is also considerable evidence of genetic risk for anxiety, including possession of the OPRM1 minor allele, 118G...
March 22, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575355/family-aggregation-of-language-impairment-in-an-isolated-chilean-population-from-robinson-crusoe-island
#12
Zulema De Barbieri, María Angélica Fernández, Dianne F Newbury, Pía Villanueva
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the inhabitants of the Chilean Robinson Crusoe Island have an increased frequency of specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). AIMS: To explore the familial aggregation of DLD in this community. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We assessed the frequency of DLD amongst colonial children between the ages of 3 and 8;11 years (50 individuals from 45 nuclear families). Familial aggregation rates of language disorder were calculated by assessing all available first-degree relatives (n = 107, 77 parents, 25 siblings, five half-siblings) of the probands...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557857/private-versus-medicaid-patients-referred-to-developmental-behavioral-pediatricians-do-they-differ-a-dbpnet-study
#13
Ruth E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Marilyn C Augustyn, Nathan J Blum, Pamela High, Nancy J Roizen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown how insurance status affects elements of evaluation at developmental behavioral (DB) pediatric sites. OBJECTIVE: To compare DB referrals, evaluation, and treatment for children with Medicaid and private insurance. DESIGN/METHODS: Fifty-six developmental behavioral pediatricians at 12 sites recorded anonymous data on structured forms for ≤15 consecutive referrals. Children with Medicaid (n = 309) and private insurance (n = 393) were compared on sociodemographic factors, referral concerns, evaluation elements, and resulting diagnoses...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552452/early-electronic-screen-exposure-and-autistic-like-symptoms
#14
Donna Hermawati, Farid Agung Rahmadi, Tanjung Ayu Sumekar, Tri Indah Winarni
Prevalence autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been on rise, but many studies suggests over-diagnosed. Currently, children have more access to electronic media on the daily basis than those of previous generation. Some studies suggest that increases screen time is associated with melanopsin-expressing neurons and decreasing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter, and thus results aberrant behavior, decreased cognitive, and language development. Early exposure of electronic media in early life (< 2 years old) gives an impact on language, but it still inconclusive...
February 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532354/understanding-the-linguistic-needs-of-diverse-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-some-comments-on-the-research-literature-and-suggestions-for-clinicians
#15
Nataly Lim, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Giulio E Lancioni
The practice of advising bilingual parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to speak in a single language, often the majority language of the region, with their child with ASD seems to be common. Such advice, however, is not grounded on empirical evidence but appears to be based more on logical arguments and assumptions. In this commentary, fears surrounding dual language exposure and empirical evidence supporting bilingualism in children with ASD are discussed. Suggestions for future research and three key steps that clinicians can consider taking to better address the needs of diverse learners are provided...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530911/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-psychotherapies-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#16
Yuqing Zhang, Xinyu Zhou, Lining Yang, Sarah E Hetrick, John R Weisz, Pim Cuijpers, Jürgen Barth, Cinzia Del Giovane, Shuai Yuan, David Cohen, Donna Gillies, Xiaofeng Jiang, Teng Teng, Peng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among children and adolescents who are exposed to trauma, and it is often associated with significant negative impacts on their psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Many types of psychotherapies have been found to be effective for PTSD in children and adolescents. However, due to the lack of direct comparisons between different psychotherapies, the hierarchy of treatment efficacy is still unclear. Therefore, we plan to conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of various types of psychotherapies for PTSD in children and adolescents...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529472/construct-validity-and-parent-child-agreement-of-the-six-new-or-modified-disorders-included-in-the-spanish-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5
#17
Francisco R de la Peña, Marcos F Rosetti, Andrés Rodríguez-Delgado, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaímes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Lino Palacios-Cruz, Rosa E Ulloa
Changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) incorporate the inclusion or modification of six disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder. The objectives of this study were to assess the construct validity and parent-child agreement of these six disorders in the Spanish language Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL-5) in a clinical population of children and adolescents from Latin America...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516457/-a-communication-intervention-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-means-of-the-programme-more-than-words-a-case-study
#18
I Baixauli-Fortea, N Gascon-Herranz, M de Carlos-Isla, C Colomer-Diago
INTRODUCTION: The 'More than Words' programme aims to enable parents to take advantage of day-to-day situations as communication learning settings, through the use of instruction in responsive-type interaction strategies. AIM: To describe the effects of this programme on the communication skills of a child with autism spectrum disorder and on the language the parents use to address him. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A three-phase design (pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention) was employed, in which the responsive interactions of the parents and the child's communicative acts were measured...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516448/-autistic-regression-clinical-and-aetiological-aspects
#19
V L Ruggieri, C L Arberas
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental dysfunctions that are characterised by deficits in social integration and communication, associated with restricted interests and stereotypic behaviour. A high percentage are related to language disorders, sensory dysfunctions, attention deficit disorder, bipolarity, intellectual disability or epilepsy, among other comorbidities. It is estimated that around 30% of children with autism, with typical early development, may present regression in the first years of life, which was already reported by Kanner in one of his original cases...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509308/a-new-measure-of-child-vocal-reciprocity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Amy L Harbison, Tiffany G Woynaroski, Jon Tapp, Joshua W Wade, Anne S Warlaumont, Paul J Yoder
Children's vocal development occurs in the context of reciprocal exchanges with a communication partner who models "speechlike" productions. We propose a new measure of child vocal reciprocity, which we define as the degree to which an adult vocal response increases the probability of an immediately following child vocal response. Vocal reciprocity is likely to be associated with the speechlikeness of vocal communication in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two studies were conducted to test the utility of the new measure...
March 6, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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