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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927231/leadership-succession-future-proofing-pipelines
#1
Saul Taylor, Howard Youngs
The challenges in deaf education illustrate the requirement and importance of leadership in this specialized field. The significant and impending talent depletion unfolding as baby-boomers retire, positions leadership succession planning as a strategic issue. This mixed methods study is the first of its kind in New Zealand. The aim is to understand leadership demographics and assumptions to determine the need for strategic succession planning to identify and address leaky pipelines. The findings from 82% of the deaf education workforce through a questionnaire and interviews with seven senior leaders reveal that senior leaders do not appear aware of four key areas that dissuade and shrink the pool of potential leadership aspirants...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922984/cortical-auditory-evoked-potential-caep-and-behavioural-measures-of-auditory-function-in-a-child-with-a-single-sided-deafness
#2
Oscar M Cañete, Suzanne C Purdy, Michel Neeff, Colin R S Brown, Peter R Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To study the changes in behavioural and cortical responses over time in a child with single-sided deafness fitted with a cochlear implant (CI). METHODS: Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) in noise (+5 dB signal-to-noise ratio) were recorded and auditory skills were assessed using tests of sound localization, spatial speech perception in noise, and self-ratings of auditory abilities (Listening inventory for education, LIFE and Speech, spatial and qualities of hearing questionnaire, SSQ parental version)...
September 19, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901477/simultaneous-multi%C3%A2-gene-mutation-screening-using-snpscan-in-patients-from-ethnic-minorities-with-nonsyndromic-hearing%C3%A2-impairment-in-northwest-china
#3
Shi-Hong Duan, Jian-Li Ma, Xiao-Long Yang, Yu-Fen Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular etiology of nonsyndromic hearing impairment (HI) in hearing impaired populations of Hui, Tibetan, and Tu ethnicities in northwest China. A total of 283 unrelated subjects with HI who attended special education schools in northwest China were enrolled in the present study. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three common deafness‑related genes, gap junction protein β2 (GJB2), solute carrier family 26 member 4 (SLC26A4) and mitochondrially encoded 12S RNA (mtDNA12SrRNA), were detected using a SNPscan technique...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895463/impact-of-primary-language-and-insurance-on-pediatric-hearing-health-care-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#4
Brooke M Su, Jason S Park, Dylan K Chan
Objective This study aims to describe the effects of primary language and insurance status on care utilization among deaf or hard-of-hearing children under active otolaryngologic and audiologic care. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Multidisciplinary hearing loss clinic at a tertiary center. Subjects and Methods Demographics, hearing loss data, and validated survey responses were collected from 206 patients aged 0 to 19 years. Two-sided t tests and χ(2) tests were used to obtain descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#5
Hayley Stokar
A quarter century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-though often absent-advocacy and training. The current article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000-2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876215/deaf-families-unique-experiences-and-obstacles
#6
Audrey Frank
This article focuses on Deaf children of Deaf parents who grew up using American Sign Language (ASL) in Deaf culture. Deaf children of Deaf parents described their unique experiences of struggling with obstacles, including quality of education, low expectations from professionals, unwanted sympathy, mental health therapists' lack of cultural competency, and not being asked for valuable perspectives or advice. The advice from Deaf Children of Deaf Parents is included in the article. By bringing greater attention to this population, mental health, schools, and other professionals can increase their awareness of Deaf families' unique needs in their work environment...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873920/lessons-from-helen-keller-how-to-make-the-comics-accessible
#7
Jérôme Dupire, Yvan Boude
This paper addresses the lack of accessibility of the comics for deaf or hard-of-hearing readers. Comics are a major cultural object, used in many different contexts with, as much as different purposes (leisure, education, advertising, etc.). We report here the results of an experimentation during a communication operation, including a regular exhibition made of panels and a digital mirroring of the contents, with extra materials and information. This digital part, accessible through our institution website, is the basement of this paper...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#8
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804085/d-deaf-breast-cancer-survivors-their-experiences-and-knowledge
#9
Barbara A Berman, Angela M Jo, William G Cumberland, Heidi Booth, Alicia A Wolfson, Carolyn Stern, Philip Zazove, Gary Kaufman, Georgia Robins Sadler, Roshan Bastani
D/deaf cancer patients and survivors, including D/deaf women diagnosed with breast cancer, have been largely overlooked in the research literature. To gain preliminary information we included 29 D/deaf breast cancer survivors in a larger program of community-academic research aimed at evaluating and addressing the breast cancer educational needs of D/deaf women. Seven D/deaf breast cancer survivors completed in-depth signed (American Sign Language) interviews and another 22 survivors completed a written/signed survey...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793819/a-silenced-population
#10
Kim Gryglewicz, Melanie Bozzay, Brittany Arthur-Jordon, Gabriela D Romero, Melissa Witmeier, Reshawna Chapple, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Given challenges that exceed the normal developmental requirements of adolescence, deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) youth are believed to be at elevated risk for engaging in suicide-related behavior (SRB). Unfortunately, little is known about the mechanisms that put these youth potentially at risk. AIMS: To determine whether peer relationship difficulties are related to increased risk of SRB in DHH youth. METHOD: Student records (n = 74) were retrieved from an accredited educational center for deaf and blind students in the United States...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723596/effectiveness-of-group-training-of-assertiveness-on-social-anxiety-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents
#11
Hamed Ahmadi, Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Hamed Givtaj, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian Sani
The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of assertiveness group training on social anxiety (SAD) between deaf and hearing impaired adolescents. Forty eight (24 deaf and 24 hearing impaired) people participated in this study. First, participants with SAD, i.e. attaining the scores above 40 for Connor's Social Inventory Scale 2000 (SPIN), were selected according to convenience sampling and randomly assigned to two groups, i.e. intervention and control. Then, assertiveness group training was conducted for intervention group within 10 sessions, and immediately after completion of the training sessions, SPIN was re-administered to the two groups...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#12
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689189/early-hearing-detection-and-vocabulary-of-children-with-hearing-loss
#13
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Allison L Sedey, Mallene Wiggin, Winnie Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have examined vocabulary outcomes of children meeting all 3 components of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) guidelines (hearing screening by 1 month, diagnosis of hearing loss by 3 months, and intervention by 6 months of age). The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of the current EHDI 1-3-6 policy on vocabulary outcomes across a wide geographic area. A secondary goal was to confirm the impact of other demographic variables previously reported to be related to language outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#14
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680487/auditory-speech-perception-development-in-relation-to-patient-s-age-with-cochlear-implant
#15
Grace Kelly Seixas Ciscare, Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Aparecida Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction  A cochlear implant in adolescent patients with pre-lingual deafness is still a debatable issue. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the development of auditory speech perception in children with pre-lingual auditory impairment submitted to cochlear implant, in different age groups in the first year after implantation. Method  This is a retrospective study, documentary research, in which we analyzed 78 reports of children with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral cochlear implant users of both sexes...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626432/visible-social-interactions-do-not-support-the-development-of-false-belief-understanding-in-the-absence-of-linguistic-input-evidence-from-deaf-adult-homesigners
#16
Deanna L Gagne, Marie Coppola
Congenitally deaf individuals exhibit enhanced visuospatial abilities relative to normally hearing individuals. An early example is the increased sensitivity of deaf signers to stimuli in the visual periphery (Neville and Lawson, 1987a). While these enhancements are robust and extend across a number of visual and spatial skills, they seem not to extend to other domains which could potentially build on these enhancements. For example, congenitally deaf children, in the absence of adequate language exposure and acquisition, do not develop typical social cognition skills as measured by traditional Theory of Mind tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#17
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585081/mental-health-assessed-by-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-for-children-born-extremely-preterm-without-severe-disabilities-at-11%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-norwegian-national-population-based-study
#18
Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Mari Hysing, Kristian Sommerfelt, Irene Elgen
The aims were to investigate mental health problems with the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in children born extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EP/ELBW) without severe disabilities compared to controls, and to identify peri-, or neonatal factors possibly predicting later mental health problems. A national Norwegian cohort of 11-year-old EP/ELBW children, excluding those with intellectual disabilities, non-ambulatory cerebral palsy, blindness and/or deafness, was assessed. Parents and teachers completed the SDQ...
June 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573834/use-of-jamaican-sign-language-in-the-provision-of-dental-health-care
#19
K Cumberbatch, T Jones
The United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Jamaica 2012-2016 identifies as an outcome increased access to improved quality health and education services for socially excluded and at risk populations. The Deaf Jamaican population can be categorised as a socially excluded population. The communication barrier resulting from their deafness often leads to difficulties in accessing healthcare. The Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, implemented a programme aimed at overcoming this communication barrier and improving direct communication between Deaf patients and health professionals treating them...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553018/-civilising-deaf-people-in-tibet-and-inner-mongolia-governing-linguistic-ethnic-and-bodily-difference-in-china
#20
Theresia Hofer, Gry Sagli
The People's Republic of China is home to over 20 million d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing people, many among them belonging to ethnic minorities. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in two minority regions, the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, this article comparatively discusses findings on sign language use, education and state welfare policies. The situation in these domains is analysed through the framework of the 'civilising project', coined by Harrell, and its impacts on the d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing among ethnic minorities are shown...
April 21, 2017: Disability & Society
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