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deaf education

Vijay Alexander, Kulandaipalayam Natarajan C Sindhu, Pradeep Zechariah, Abigail Veravolu Resu, Suryanarayan Rajendran Nair, Deepthi Kattula, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Reginald George Alex T
BACKGROUND: Welders in the unorganized occupational sector in the economically developing world are exposed to respiratory, skin, eye, ear, and neurological problems exacerbated by non-usage of personal protective equipment (PPE). OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of health problems and the usage of PPE among welders in unorganized welding units in Vellore, India. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 150 welders to determine the frequency of skin, ear, eye, and respiratory morbidity and the usage of PPE...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Mohammad Rezaei, Vahid Rashedi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae
OBJECTIVES: Reading skills are necessary for educational development in children. Many studies have shown that children with hearing loss often experience delays in reading. This study aimed to examine reading skills of Persian deaf children with cochlear implant and hearing aid and compare them with normal hearing counterparts. METHOD: The sample consisted of 72 s and third grade Persian-speaking children aged 8-12 years. They were divided into three equal groups including 24 children with cochlear implant (CI), 24 children with hearing aid (HA), and 24 children with normal hearing (NH)...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Evi Jacobs, Margreet C Langereis, Johan H M Frijns, Rolien H Free, Andre Goedegebure, Cas Smits, Robert J Stokroos, Saskia A M Ariens-Meijer, Emmanuel A M Mylanus, Anneke M Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Impaired auditory speech perception abilities in deaf children with hearing aids compromised their verbal intelligence enormously. The availability of unilateral cochlear implantation (CI) auditory speech perception and spoken vocabulary enabled them to reach near ageappropriate levels. This holds especially for children in spoken language environments. However, speech perception in complex listening situations and the acquisition of complex verbal skills remains difficult...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Christina G S Palmer, Patrick Boudreault, Barbara A Berman, Alicia Wolfson, Lionel Duarte, Vickie L Venne, Janet S Sinsheimer
INTRODUCTION: Deaf American Sign Language-users (ASL) have limited access to cancer genetics information they can readily understand, increasing risk for health disparities. We compared effectiveness of online cancer genetics information presented using a bilingual approach (ASL with English closed captioning) and a monolingual approach (English text). HYPOTHESIS: Bilingual modality would increase cancer genetics knowledge and confidence to create a family tree; education would interact with modality...
July 28, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Scott R Smith, Vincent J Samar
Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) adults have lower health literacy compared to hearing adults, but it is unclear whether this disparity also occurs in adolescence. We used the Health Literacy Skills Instrument-Short Form (HLSI-SF), Short Form of the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA), Comprehensive Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire (CHDKQ), and newly constructed interactive and critical health literacy survey items to quantify D/HH and hearing adolescents' health literacy. We adapted and translated survey materials into sign language and spoken English to reduce testing bias due to variable English language skills...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
(no author information available yet)
The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a final priority under the Training of Interpreters for Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing and Individuals Who Are Deaf-Blind Program. The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year 2016 and later years. We take this action to provide training and technical assistance to better prepare novice interpreters to become highly qualified, nationally certified sign language interpreters.
August 12, 2016: Federal Register
Susan D Emmett, Debara L Tucci, Ricardo F Bento, Juan M Garcia, Solaiman Juman, Juan A Chiossone-Kerdel, Ta J Liu, Patricia Castellanos de Muñoz, Alejandra Ullauri, Jose J Letort, Teresita Mansilla, Diana P Urquijo, Maria L Aparicio, Wenfeng Gong, Howard W Francis, James E Saunders
HYPOTHESIS: Cochlear implantation (CI) and deaf education are cost effective management strategies of childhood profound sensorineural hearing loss in Latin America. BACKGROUND: CI has been widely established as cost effective in North America and Europe and is considered standard of care in those regions, yet cost effectiveness in other economic environments has not been explored. With 80% of the global hearing loss burden existing in low- and middle-income countries, developing cost effective management strategies in these settings is essential...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Xiaoli Fu, Yi Cai, Yechen Hu, Jisheng Liu, Tao Yang
Approximately 80% of hereditary deafness is recessive, in which case most mutation carriers were unaware of their carrier status. Though parental attitudes toward genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis are overall positive in those with deaf children, there is little information about that in the general population. To this end, we designed a self-completed questionnaire and distributed it in two colleges in Shanghai, China. A total of 975 completed surveys were returned in print or online forms. Our results showed that 98...
August 11, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Sónia Martins, José Artur Paiva, Mário R Simões, Lia Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Among cognitive reserve markers, educational attainment is the most widely studied, with several studies establishing a strong association with risk of dementia. However, it has not yet been fully examined in delirium. This study aims to analyse the relationship between educational attainment and delirium. METHODS: The study included elderly hospitalised patients admitted (≥48 h) into an intermediate care unit (IMCU) of Intensive Care Medicine Service...
August 9, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
(no author information available yet)
Rehabilitative Services announces a final priority under the Training of Interpreters for Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing and Individuals Who Are Deaf-Blind program. The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year 2016 and later years. We take this action to provide training and technical assistance to better prepare novice interpreters to become highly qualified nationally certified sign language interpreters.
July 25, 2016: Federal Register
Imen Ben-Rebeh, Mhamed Grati, Crystel Bonnet, Walid Bouassida, Imen Hadjamor, Hammadi Ayadi, Abdelmonem Ghorbel, Christine Petit, Saber Masmoudi
PURPOSE: Usher syndrome accounts for about 50% of all hereditary deaf-blindness cases. The most severe form of this syndrome, Usher syndrome type I (USH1), is characterized by profound congenital sensorineural deafness, vestibular dysfunction, and retinitis pigmentosa. Six USH1 genes have been identified, MYO7A, CDH23, PCDH15, USH1C, SANS, and CIB2, encoding myosin VIIA, cadherin-23, protocadherin-15, harmonin, scaffold protein containing ankyrin repeats and a sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain, and calcium- and integrin-binding member 2, respectively...
2016: Molecular Vision
Stephanie Byun, Paul Hong, Michael Bezuhly
Microtia is associated with psychosocial burden and stigma. The authors' objective was to determine the potential impact of being born with microtia by using validated health state utility assessment measures. An online utility assessment using visual analogue scale, time tradeoff, and standard gamble was used to determine utilities for microtia with or without ipsilateral deafness, monocular blindness, and binocular blindness from a prospective sample of the general population. Utility scores were compared between health states using Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
Mulat Mekonnen, Savolainen Hannu, Lehtomäki Elina, Kuorelahti Matti
The present study investigated the self-concept of deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students in different educational settings compared with those of hearing students in Ethiopia. The research involved a sample of 103 Grade 4 students selected from 7 towns in Ethiopia. They were selected from a special school for the deaf, a special class for the deaf, and a regular school. The Self-Description Questionnaire I (Marsh, 1990) was used to measure the children's self-concept. The study results indicated that, in comparison with their hearing peers, DHH students had a lower self-concept in the areas of general self, general school, reading, and parental relations...
October 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Naomi Hyoguchi, Daisuke Kobayashi, Toshio Kubota, Takao Shimazoe
Deaf people often experience difficulty in understanding medication information provided by pharmacists due to communication barriers. We held medication education lectures for deaf and hard of hearing (HH) individuals and examined the extent to which deaf participants understood medication-related information as well as their attitude about medication. We used two questionnaires to compare the results from the deaf participants with those from the HH and hearing participants. We found that before the lecture, the deaf participants' understanding of medication use was lower than that of the HH and hearing participants...
October 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fengguo Zhang, Yun Xiao, Lei Xu, Xue Zhang, Guodong Zhang, Jianfeng Li, Huaiqing Lv, Xiaohui Bai, Haibo Wang
Hearing loss is a common sensory disorder, and at least 50% of cases are due to a genetic etiology. Although hundreds of genes have been reported to be associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss, GJB2, SLC26A4, and mtDNA12SrRNA are the major contributors. However, the mutation spectrum of these common deafness genes varies among different ethnic groups. The present work summarized mutations in these three genes and their prevalence in 339 patients with nonsyndromic hearing loss at three different special education schools and one children's hospital in Linyi, China...
2016: BioMed Research International
Sanyin Cheng, Xiaozhong Hu, Kuen Fung Sin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although their university enrollment has increased dramatically over the past two decades, deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) students face great challenges and a tremendous environmental adjustment when entering a mainstream university. This study aims to facilitate DHH students' university success through exploring differences in thinking styles between DHH and hearing students from Art and Design academic disciplines in two universities in China. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II (TSI-R2) and its accommodated version were administered to 286 hearing and 256 DHH students, respectively...
August 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jesper Dammeyer, Marc Marschark
In Scandinavia and some other countries, a bilingual-bicultural approach to deaf education was celebrated in national programs from the mid-1980s until the broad popularity of cochlear implantation in middle 2000s created a shift back to an emphasis on spoken language for many deaf children. At the same time, only a few studies evaluated the long-term outcomes of bilingual-bicultural education, and several of their findings have raised questions about benefits of the approach. This study examined the level of educational attainment of 408 deaf individuals who attended primary school either before or during the period of bilingual-bicultural education in Denmark, both relative to a comparable hearing cohort...
October 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jean C Krause, Morgan P Tessler
Many deaf and hard-of-hearing children rely on interpreters to access classroom communication. Although the exact level of access provided by interpreters in these settings is unknown, it is likely to depend heavily on interpreter accuracy (portion of message correctly produced by the interpreter) and the factors that govern interpreter accuracy. In this study, the accuracy of 12 Cued Speech (CS) transliterators with varying degrees of experience was examined at three different speaking rates (slow, normal, fast)...
October 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Xiangyang Hu, Lei Zhai, Mo Long, Wei Liang, Fang Wang, Erbing Huo, Lijun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the basic factors of the progress amplitude of hearing and speech rehabilitation effect of preschool deaf children with cochlear implants, and provide guidance for the improvement and optimization of rehabilitation strategies. METHOD: Using the standard hearing and language assessment tools, tracked and evaluated 1 422 CI preschool deaf children for a period of one year, and calculated the effect of hearing and speech rehabilitation, carried out the correlation analysis and variance analysis among different grouping variables...
May 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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