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deaf education

Lozina Shoaib, Sharifullah Khan, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Ahmad Salman
OBJECTIVE: To mitigate the communication barriers of profound hearing-impaired children by enabling their word articulation ability. METHODS: This pre-experimental pilot study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at the National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised deaf children of both genders aged 5-8 years. A specially designed software application for lip-reading was employed to help the subjects articulate words...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Yi Jiang, Song Gao, Lihua Wu, Xiaohua Jin, Tao Deng, Ligang Wang, Shasha Huang, Xue Gao, Juan Chen, Dongyi Han, Huafang Gao, Pu Dai
To analyze the spectrum and founder effect of TMC1 mutations in patients with non-syndromic deafness in the Xiamen area. Sporadic pedigrees were detected by targeted next-generation sequencing, and 110 unrelated patients from Xiamen Special Education School were analyzed through Sanger sequencing for the TMC1 gene. In total, 53 SNPs were designed to analyze the haplotypes of the TMC1 c.2050G>C mutation. The probands of three families were found to be homozygous for TMC1 c.2050G>C, and their parents were all heterozygous for the TMC1 c...
April 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Robert Englander, Carol Carraccio
The paradigm shift to competency-based medical education (CBME) is under way, but incomplete implementation is blunting the potential impact on learning and patient outcomes. The fundamental principles of CBME call for standardizing outcomes addressing population health needs, then allowing time-variable progression to achieving them. Operationalizing CBME principles requires continuity within and across phases of the education, training, and practice continuum. However, the piecemeal origin of the phases of the "continuum" has resulted in a sequence of undergraduate to graduate medical education to practice that may be continuous temporally but bears none of the integration of a true continuum...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Usama Bin Zubair, Humza Mumtaz, Sawera Mansoor
Profound deafness is a lifelong impairment, leading to the physical disability as well as poor psychological adjustment. We herein present a mental health disorder rarely seen among the patients of profound deafness. A 16-year deaf and dumb girl, previously treated for depression, presented with unusual laughter, irritability, flight of ideas, decreased sleep, ideas of self importance, and decreased social functioning and educational performance. These problems were understood by the parents via sign language, who interpreted them to the interviewer...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Karen S Engler, Cynthia J MacGregor
At a time when deaf education teacher preparation programs are declining in number, little is known about their actual effectiveness. A phenomenological case study of a graduate-level comprehensive deaf education teacher preparation program at a midwestern university explored empowered and enabled learning of teacher candidates using the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education educator pillars: (a) commitment to the profession, (b) proficiency in practice, and (c) learning impact, all deemed critical to developing quality teachers...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
Bee-See Goh, Noraziana Fadzilah, Asma Abdullah, Basyariatul Fathi Othman, Cila Umat
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant (CI) greatly enhances auditory performance as compared to hearing aids and has dramatically affected the educational and communication outcomes for profoundly deaf children. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) pioneered CI program in 1995 in the South East Asia. We would like to report the long-term outcomes of UKM paediatric cochlear implantation in terms of: the proportion of children who were implanted and still using the device, the children's modes of communication, their educational placements, and their functional auditory/oral performance...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Melissa McCarthy, Greg Leigh, Michael Arthur-Kelly
Introduction The use of telepractice, a method of delivering services through telecommunications technologies that provides two-way, synchronous audio and video signals in real-time, is becoming increasingly commonplace in early childhood education and intervention for children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Although the use of telepractice has been validated in the health sector as a viable and effective alternative to in-person service provision, evidence to support its use in the delivery of family-centred early intervention is still emerging...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Patrick Boudreault, Alicia Wolfson, Barbara Berman, Vickie L Venne, Janet S Sinsheimer, Christina Palmer
Health information about inherited forms of cancer and the role of family history in cancer risk for the American Sign Language (ASL) Deaf community, a linguistic and cultural community, needs improvement. Cancer genetic education materials available in English print format are not accessible for many sign language users because English is not their native or primary language. Per Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations, the level of literacy for printed health education materials should not be higher than 6th grade level (~ 11 to 12 years old), and even with this recommendation, printed materials are still not accessible to sign language users or other nonnative English speakers...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
A R Rendall, P A Perrino, J J LoTurco, R H Fitch
Developmental dyslexia is a heritable disability characterized by difficulties in learning to read and write. The neurobiological and genetic mechanisms underlying dyslexia remain poorly understood; however, several dyslexia candidate risk genes have been identified. One of these candidate risk genes-doublecortin domain containing 2 (DCDC2)-has been shown to play a role in neuronal migration and cilia function. At a behavioral level, variants of DCDC2 have been associated with impairments in phonological processing, working memory and reading speed...
December 12, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Jessica A Scott, Robert J Hoffmeister
Academic English is an essential literacy skill area for success in post-secondary education and in many work environments. Despite its importance, academic English is understudied with deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students. Nascent research in this area suggests that academic English, alongside American Sign Language (ASL) fluency, may play an important role in the reading proficiency of DHH students in middle and high school. The current study expands this research to investigate academic English by examining student proficiency with a sub-skill of academic writing called superordinate precision, the taxonomical categorization of a term...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Valerie Freeman
Speech intelligibility, or how well a speaker's words are understood by others, affects listeners' judgments of the speaker's competence and personality. Deaf cochlear implant (CI) users vary widely in speech intelligibility, and their speech may have a noticeable "deaf" quality, both of which could evoke negative stereotypes or judgments from peers. In this study, college students with typical hearing (TH) used semantic differential scales to rate speech samples of highly-intelligible TH young adults and age-matched CI users with high or low intelligibility (CI-Hi, CI-Lo) on personality traits related to competence (intelligence, achievement), friendship skills (friendliness, popularity), and attractiveness as a friend (extraversion, dependability)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Moshe Engelberg, Melanie C Nakaji, Kadie M Harry, Regina M Wang, Adrienne Kennedy, Tonya M Pan, Teresa Sanchez, Georgia Robins Sadler
The Deaf community members of this community-campus partnership identified the lack of health information in American Sign Language (ASL) as a significant barrier to increasing the Deaf community's health knowledge. Studies have shown that the delivery of health messages in ASL increased Deaf study participants' cancer knowledge. Once health messages are available on the Internet, strategies are needed to attract viewers to the website and to make repeat visits in order to promote widespread knowledge gains...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Melissa Jane Polonenko, Karen Ann Gordon, Sharon Lynn Cushing, Blake Croll Papsin
Early treatment of single sided deafness in children has been recommended to protect from neurodevelopmental preference for the better hearing ear and from social and educational deficits. A fairly homogeneous group of five young children (≤3.6 years of age) with normal right sided hearing who received a cochlear implant to treat deafness in their left ears were studied. Etiology of deafness was largely cytomegalovirus (n = 4); one child had an enlarged vestibular aqueduct. Multi-channel electroencephalography of cortical evoked activity was measured repeatedly over time at: 1) acute (0...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Joanne Witko, Pauline Boyles, Kirsten Smiler, Rachel McKee
AIMS: The research described was undertaken as part of a Sub-Regional Disability Strategy 2017-2022 across the Wairarapa, Hutt Valley and Capital and Coast District Health Boards (DHBs). The aim was to investigate deaf New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) users' quality of access to health services. Findings have formed the basis for developing a 'NZSL plan' for DHBs in the Wellington sub-region. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected from 56 deaf participants and family members about their experiences of healthcare services via focus group, individual interviews and online survey, which were thematically analysed...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
Tahereh Naseribooriabadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Abbas Sheikhtaheri
Background: The implication of health literacy is the ability of individuals to find, understand, and use their required health information from reliable sources. It is an indicator of the individuals' participation in their own medical decision-making. Deaf individuals have limited health literacy and poor health status due to low literacy. Hence, this review was conducted to understand barriers and facilitators influencing health literacy among deaf community. Methods: We searched the ISI Web of Sciences, Scopus, and Medline from 1987 to 2016...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
Karen Priestley, Charlotte Enns, Shauna Arbuckle
Bimodal-bilingual programs are emerging as one way to meet broader needs and provide expanded language, educational and social-emotional opportunities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing (Marschark, M., Tang, G. & Knoors, H. (Eds). (2014). Bilingualism and bilingual Deaf education. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Paludneviciene & Harris, R. (2011). Impact of cochlear implants on the deaf community. In Paludneviciene, R. & Leigh, I. (Eds.), Cochlear implants evolving perspectives (pp. 3-19)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Masoumeh Abbasi, Saeid Eslami, Mahdi Mohammadi, Reza Khajouei
BACKGROUND: Deaf or hard-of-hearing children experience difficulties in learning health principles. But technology has significantly improved their ability to learn. The challenge in e-learning is to design attractive applications while having an educational aspect. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the pedagogical effectiveness of a health education application for deaf and hard of hearing students in elementary schools, and to investigate the student's perceptions in different educational grades about the educational effectiveness of the text, graphics, video clips, and animation in the application...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
There is increased recognition that preterm neonates require sequential surveillance to capture the spectrum of coordination, communication, learning, and behavior regulation disorders that may occur in the first 5 years of life and beyond. In particular, the framework of follow-up needs to go beyond the detection of cerebral palsy, blindness, and deafness in the first 2 years of life for only those at highest preterm risk (ie, <28 weeks gestation, with combinations of severe cranial sonographic abnormalities, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity)...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Marci M Lesperance, Erin Winkler, Tori L Melendez, Beverly M Yashar
The aim of this study was to obtain patient and parent perspectives on genetic evaluation of hearing loss, in order to identify motivators, expectations, and barriers. Three focus groups were conducted following a semi-structured discussion guide, led by an independent moderator. Participants were hearing parents of children with permanent hearing loss or deaf adults. Qualitative content analysis was used to develop a codebook and identify major themes and subthemes. Participant views were compared to national guidelines...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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