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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723596/effectiveness-of-group-training-of-assertiveness-on-social-anxiety-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents
#1
Hamed Ahmadi, Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Hamed Givtaj, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian Sani
The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of assertiveness group training on social anxiety (SAD) between deaf and hearing impaired adolescents. Forty eight (24 deaf and 24 hearing impaired) people participated in this study. First, participants with SAD, i.e. attaining the scores above 40 for Connor's Social Inventory Scale 2000 (SPIN), were selected according to convenience sampling and randomly assigned to two groups, i.e. intervention and control. Then, assertiveness group training was conducted for intervention group within 10 sessions, and immediately after completion of the training sessions, SPIN was re-administered to the two groups...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#2
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689189/early-hearing-detection-and-vocabulary-of-children-with-hearing-loss
#3
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Allison L Sedey, Mallene Wiggin, Winnie Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have examined vocabulary outcomes of children meeting all 3 components of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) guidelines (hearing screening by 1 month, diagnosis of hearing loss by 3 months, and intervention by 6 months of age). The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of the current EHDI 1-3-6 policy on vocabulary outcomes across a wide geographic area. A secondary goal was to confirm the impact of other demographic variables previously reported to be related to language outcomes...
July 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#4
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680487/auditory-speech-perception-development-in-relation-to-patient-s-age-with-cochlear-implant
#5
Grace Kelly Seixas Ciscare, Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Aparecida Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction  A cochlear implant in adolescent patients with pre-lingual deafness is still a debatable issue. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the development of auditory speech perception in children with pre-lingual auditory impairment submitted to cochlear implant, in different age groups in the first year after implantation. Method  This is a retrospective study, documentary research, in which we analyzed 78 reports of children with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral cochlear implant users of both sexes...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626432/visible-social-interactions-do-not-support-the-development-of-false-belief-understanding-in-the-absence-of-linguistic-input-evidence-from-deaf-adult-homesigners
#6
Deanna L Gagne, Marie Coppola
Congenitally deaf individuals exhibit enhanced visuospatial abilities relative to normally hearing individuals. An early example is the increased sensitivity of deaf signers to stimuli in the visual periphery (Neville and Lawson, 1987a). While these enhancements are robust and extend across a number of visual and spatial skills, they seem not to extend to other domains which could potentially build on these enhancements. For example, congenitally deaf children, in the absence of adequate language exposure and acquisition, do not develop typical social cognition skills as measured by traditional Theory of Mind tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#7
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585081/mental-health-assessed-by-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-for-children-born-extremely-preterm-without-severe-disabilities-at-11%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-norwegian-national-population-based-study
#8
Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Mari Hysing, Kristian Sommerfelt, Irene Elgen
The aims were to investigate mental health problems with the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in children born extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EP/ELBW) without severe disabilities compared to controls, and to identify peri-, or neonatal factors possibly predicting later mental health problems. A national Norwegian cohort of 11-year-old EP/ELBW children, excluding those with intellectual disabilities, non-ambulatory cerebral palsy, blindness and/or deafness, was assessed. Parents and teachers completed the SDQ...
June 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573834/use-of-jamaican-sign-language-in-the-provision-of-dental-health-care
#9
K Cumberbatch, T Jones
The United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Jamaica 2012-2016 identifies as an outcome increased access to improved quality health and education services for socially excluded and at risk populations. The Deaf Jamaican population can be categorised as a socially excluded population. The communication barrier resulting from their deafness often leads to difficulties in accessing healthcare. The Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, implemented a programme aimed at overcoming this communication barrier and improving direct communication between Deaf patients and health professionals treating them...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553018/-civilising-deaf-people-in-tibet-and-inner-mongolia-governing-linguistic-ethnic-and-bodily-difference-in-china
#10
Theresia Hofer, Gry Sagli
The People's Republic of China is home to over 20 million d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing people, many among them belonging to ethnic minorities. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in two minority regions, the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, this article comparatively discusses findings on sign language use, education and state welfare policies. The situation in these domains is analysed through the framework of the 'civilising project', coined by Harrell, and its impacts on the d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing among ethnic minorities are shown...
April 21, 2017: Disability & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531343/job-satisfaction-of-teachers-of-students-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#11
John L Luckner, Brittany Dorn
The pressure that educators are experiencing to educate more students, with more challenges, to higher levels of learning than any time in the past is significantly changing their working conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of a national sample of teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing to ascertain their overall job satisfaction as well as to identify the specific factors that positively and negatively affect their ability to do their jobs well. In addition, responses of different subsets of teachers (e...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479187/brain-based-individual-difference-measures-of-reading-skill-in-deaf-and-hearing-adults
#12
Alison S Mehravari, Karen Emmorey, Chantel S Prat, Lindsay Klarman, Lee Osterhout
Most deaf children and adults struggle to read, but some deaf individuals do become highly proficient readers. There is disagreement about the specific causes of reading difficulty in the deaf population, and consequently, disagreement about the effectiveness of different strategies for teaching reading to deaf children. Much of the disagreement surrounds the question of whether deaf children read in similar or different ways as hearing children. In this study, we begin to answer this question by using real-time measures of neural language processing to assess if deaf and hearing adults read proficiently in similar or different ways...
July 1, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452025/improving-cancer-literacy-for-the-deaf-using-deaf-tailored-educational-interventions-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Tahereh NaseriBooriAbadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Abbas Sheikhtaheri
To date, there have been many strategies, including educational interventions, for cancer prevention and control, but most of them are not deaf-tailored ones. This narrative review aimed to examine cancer educational programs to improve the deaf individuals' knowledge and attitude toward cancer. The design of this study is a narrative review. We searched ISI Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and MEDLINE/PubMed using the following search strategy: ("cancer education" AND "deaf") OR ("cancer" AND "deaf" AND literacy)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426889/concurrent-and-longitudinal-predictors-of-reading-for-deaf-and-hearing-children-in-primary-school
#14
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona Elizabeth Kyle
Forty-one children with severe-profound prelingual hearing loss were assessed on single word reading, reading comprehension, English vocabulary, phonological awareness and speechreading at three time points, 1 year apart (T1-T3). Their progress was compared with that of a group of hearing children of similar nonverbal IQ, initially reading at the same level. Single word reading improved at each assessment point for the deaf children but there was no growth in reading comprehension from T2 to T3. There were no differences between children with cochlear implants and those with hearing aids on either reading measure but orally educated children had higher scores than children who signed in the classroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353624/cochlear-implants-versus-hearing-aids-in-a-middle-income-country-costs-productivity-and-quality-of-life
#15
Felipe Montes, Augusto Peñaranda, Santiago Correa, Daniel Peñaranda, Juan-Manuel García, Maria Leonor Aparicio, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Mario Castillo
OBJECTIVE: In Colombia there are three main treatment approaches for bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, also known as profound deafness (PD): cochlear implants (CI), hearing aids (HA), and no treatment (NT). The objective of this study is to determine the optimal treatment approach for PD in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Hearing levels and SES data were obtained from audiometric tests conducted on 100 patients with CI. For each treatment approach, productivity and cost-effectiveness assessments were estimated using influence diagrams and Monte Carlo simulations...
June 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344430/don-t-assume-deaf-students-are-visual-learners
#16
Marc Marschark, Allan Paivio, Linda J Spencer, Andreana Durkin, Georgianna Borgna, Carol Convertino, Elizabeth Machmer
In the education of deaf learners, from primary school to postsecondary settings, it frequently is suggested that deaf students are visual learners. That assumption appears to be based on the visual nature of signed languages-used by some but not all deaf individuals-and the fact that with greater hearing losses, deaf students will rely relatively more on vision than audition. However, the questions of whether individuals with hearing loss are more likely to be visual learners than verbal learners or more likely than hearing peers to be visual learners have not been empirically explored...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282708/postural-control-in-deaf-children
#17
Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi, Guita Movallali, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Mehdi Rahgozar, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the reliability of static control evaluation with Synapsys Posturography System (SPS, Marseille, France) and to compare the static postural control of deaf children with typically developing children. This study was conducted in 2 phases on 81 children of 7 to 12 years old in Tehran schools. The first phase examined the reliability of static balance evaluation with SPS. In this phase, a total of 12 children with typical development were evaluated and then do a re-test 1 week later...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#18
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238973/writing-signed-languages-what-for-what-form-a-response
#19
Donald F Moores
In his article in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin divides his discussion of a written sign system into three basic parts. The first presents arguments against the development of a written form of American Sign Language; the second provides a rationale for a written form of ASL; the third advances opinions of the form such a system might take. The arguments in the first part are weak and reflect the same bias that historically has been shown against ASL itself...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238972/-thinking-for-writing-a-prolegomenon-on-writing-signed-languages
#20
Russell S Rosen, Maria C Hartman, Ye Wang
In his article in this American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin argues that the writing difficulties of many deaf and hard of hearing children result primarily from the orthographic nature of the writing system; he proposes a new system based on features found in signed languages. In response, the present authors review the literature on D/HH children's writing difficulties, outline the main percepts of and assumptions about writing signed languages, discuss "thinking-for-writing" as a process in developing writing skills, offer research designs to test the effectiveness of writing signed language systems, and provide strategies for adopting "thinking-for-writing" in education...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
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