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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479187/brain-based-individual-difference-measures-of-reading-skill-in-deaf-and-hearing-adults
#1
Alison S Mehravari, Karen Emmorey, Chantel S Prat, Lindsay Klarman, Lee Osterhout
Most deaf children and adults struggle to read, but some deaf individuals do become highly proficient readers. There is disagreement about the specific causes of reading difficulty in the deaf population, and consequently, disagreement about the effectiveness of different strategies for teaching reading to deaf children. Much of the disagreement surrounds the question of whether deaf children read in similar or different ways as hearing children. In this study, we begin to answer this question by using real-time measures of neural language processing to assess if deaf and hearing adults read proficiently in similar or different ways...
May 4, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452025/improving-cancer-literacy-for-the-deaf-using-deaf-tailored-educational-interventions-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Tahereh NaseriBooriAbadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Abbas Sheikhtaheri
To date, there have been many strategies, including educational interventions, for cancer prevention and control, but most of them are not deaf-tailored ones. This narrative review aimed to examine cancer educational programs to improve the deaf individuals' knowledge and attitude toward cancer. The design of this study is a narrative review. We searched ISI Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and MEDLINE/PubMed using the following search strategy: ("cancer education" AND "deaf") OR ("cancer" AND "deaf" AND literacy)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426889/concurrent-and-longitudinal-predictors-of-reading-for-deaf-and-hearing-children-in-primary-school
#3
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona Elizabeth Kyle
Forty-one children with severe-profound prelingual hearing loss were assessed on single word reading, reading comprehension, English vocabulary, phonological awareness and speechreading at three time points, 1 year apart (T1-T3). Their progress was compared with that of a group of hearing children of similar nonverbal IQ, initially reading at the same level. Single word reading improved at each assessment point for the deaf children but there was no growth in reading comprehension from T2 to T3. There were no differences between children with cochlear implants and those with hearing aids on either reading measure but orally educated children had higher scores than children who signed in the classroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353624/cochlear-implants-versus-hearing-aids-in-a-middle-income-country-costs-productivity-and-quality-of-life
#4
Felipe Montes, Augusto Peñaranda, Santiago Correa, Daniel Peñaranda, Juan-Manuel García, Maria Leonor Aparicio, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Mario Castillo
OBJECTIVE: In Colombia there are three main treatment approaches for bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, also known as profound deafness (PD): cochlear implants (CI), hearing aids (HA), and no treatment (NT). The objective of this study is to determine the optimal treatment approach for PD in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Hearing levels and SES data were obtained from audiometric tests conducted on 100 patients with CI. For each treatment approach, productivity and cost-effectiveness assessments were estimated using influence diagrams and Monte Carlo simulations...
June 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344430/don-t-assume-deaf-students-are-visual-learners
#5
Marc Marschark, Allan Paivio, Linda J Spencer, Andreana Durkin, Georgianna Borgna, Carol Convertino, Elizabeth Machmer
In the education of deaf learners, from primary school to postsecondary settings, it frequently is suggested that deaf students are visual learners. That assumption appears to be based on the visual nature of signed languages-used by some but not all deaf individuals-and the fact that with greater hearing losses, deaf students will rely relatively more on vision than audition. However, the questions of whether individuals with hearing loss are more likely to be visual learners than verbal learners or more likely than hearing peers to be visual learners have not been empirically explored...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282708/postural-control-in-deaf-children
#6
Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi, Guita Movallali, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Mehdi Rahgozar, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the reliability of static control evaluation with Synapsys Posturography System (SPS, Marseille, France) and to compare the static postural control of deaf children with typically developing children. This study was conducted in 2 phases on 81 children of 7 to 12 years old in Tehran schools. The first phase examined the reliability of static balance evaluation with SPS. In this phase, a total of 12 children with typical development were evaluated and then do a re-test 1 week later...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#7
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238973/writing-signed-languages-what-for-what-form-a-response
#8
Donald F Moores
In his article in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin divides his discussion of a written sign system into three basic parts. The first presents arguments against the development of a written form of American Sign Language; the second provides a rationale for a written form of ASL; the third advances opinions of the form such a system might take. The arguments in the first part are weak and reflect the same bias that historically has been shown against ASL itself...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238972/-thinking-for-writing-a-prolegomenon-on-writing-signed-languages
#9
Russell S Rosen, Maria C Hartman, Ye Wang
In his article in this American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin argues that the writing difficulties of many deaf and hard of hearing children result primarily from the orthographic nature of the writing system; he proposes a new system based on features found in signed languages. In response, the present authors review the literature on D/HH children's writing difficulties, outline the main percepts of and assumptions about writing signed languages, discuss "thinking-for-writing" as a process in developing writing skills, offer research designs to test the effectiveness of writing signed language systems, and provide strategies for adopting "thinking-for-writing" in education...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#10
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223951/speechreading-in-deaf-adults-with-cochlear-implants-evidence-for-perceptual-compensation
#11
Hannah Pimperton, Amelia Ralph-Lewis, Mairéad MacSweeney
Previous research has provided evidence for a speechreading advantage in congenitally deaf adults compared to hearing adults. A 'perceptual compensation' account of this finding proposes that prolonged early onset deafness leads to a greater reliance on visual, as opposed to auditory, information when perceiving speech which in turn results in superior visual speech perception skills in deaf adults. In the current study we tested whether previous demonstrations of a speechreading advantage for profoundly congenitally deaf adults with hearing aids, or no amplificiation, were also apparent in adults with the same deafness profile but who have experienced greater access to the auditory elements of speech via a cochlear implant (CI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215374/collaboration-with-deaf-communities-to-conduct-accessible-health-surveillance
#12
Steven L Barnett, Kelly A Matthews, Erika J Sutter, Lori A DeWindt, Jacqueline A Pransky, Amanda M O'Hearn, Tamala M David, Robert Q Pollard, Vincent J Samar, Thomas A Pearson
INTRODUCTION: Populations of deaf sign language users experience health disparities unmeasured by current public health surveillance. Population-specific health data are necessary to collaboratively identify health priorities and evaluate interventions. Standardized, reproducible, and language-concordant data collection in sign language is impossible via written or telephone surveys. METHODS: Deaf and hearing researchers, community members, and other stakeholders developed a broad computer-based health survey based on the telephone-administered Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100557/dual-sensory-impairment-in-special-schools-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#13
Ada E Aghaji, Richard Bowman, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Andrew Smith
In a cross-sectional study to determine the magnitude of dual sensory impairment (DSI-combined hearing and vision loss) in children in single-disability special education schools, children in schools for the blind and schools for the deaf in four states in South-East Nigeria were examined by an ophthalmologist and otorhinolaryngologist to determine the level of their disability and to identify other disabilities if any. Participants were all students with childhood blindness or childhood deafness. The magnitude and causes of DSI and the burden of undetected DSI were the main outcome measures...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073077/hypertext-comprehension-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students-and-students-with-specific-language-impairment
#14
Helen Blom, Eliane Segers, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
This paper provides insight into the reading comprehension of hierarchically structured hypertexts within D/HH students and students with SLI. To our knowledge, it is the first study on hypertext comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI, and it also considers the role of working memory. We compared hypertext versus linear text comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI versus younger students without language problems who had a similar level of decoding and vocabulary. The results demonstrated no difference in text comprehension between the hierarchically structured hypertext and the linear text...
January 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056265/-a-cohort-study-on-occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-workers-at-an-iron-and-steel-plant
#15
S F Yu, G S Chen, J Jiao, G Z Gu, H L Zhang, X M Wang, W H Zhou, H Wu, Y H Li, Y X Zheng
Objective: To analyze the incidence rate of occupational noise-induced hearing loss in noise-exposed workers in an iron and steel plant from 2006 to 2015. Methods: Using a cohort study method, workers exposed to occupational noise from Jan 1, 2006 to Dec 12, 2015 were followed up and the pure tone hearing test was conducted. In total, 6 297 subjects completed two or more physical checks and the pure tone hearing test and were included in the analysis. The noise exposure level at the workplace and the equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level for workers was monitored and the cumulative noise exposure dose was evaluated...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012515/the-utility-of-early-developmental-assessments-on-understanding-later-nonverbal-iq-in-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#16
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Jannel Phillips, Mekibib Altaye, Daniel I Choo
OBJECTIVE: In children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), it is helpful to have meaningful early measures of development in order to provide effective interventions and offer benchmarks that help recognize varied developmental trajectories. The main objective of this study was to compare results of an early developmental assessment prior to 3 years of age to later nonverbal IQ assessed between 3 and 6 years of age in children who are DHH. METHODS: This study included children 3-6 years of age with bilateral permanent hearing who were enrolled in a prospective cohort study on developmental outcomes...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927685/influences-on-facial-emotion-recognition-in-deaf-children
#17
Francesc Sidera, Anna Amadó, Laura Martínez
This exploratory research is aimed at studying facial emotion recognition abilities in deaf children and how they relate to linguistic skills and the characteristics of deafness. A total of 166 participants (75 deaf) aged 3-8 years were administered the following tasks: facial emotion recognition, naming vocabulary and cognitive ability. The children's teachers or speech therapists also responded to two questionnaires, one on children's linguistic-communicative skills and the other providing personal information...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881483/preliminary-evidence-assessing-social-emotional-competences-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-infants-and-toddlers-using-a-new-parent-questionnaire
#18
Manfred Hintermair, Klaus Sarimski, Markus Lang
Social-emotional competences are an important developmental domain for deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children and early diagnosis of problems is needed to ensure that DHH children receive appropriate support in this domain. In order to explore the usefulness of an instrument, which was recently developed for very young children, two studies in DHH infants and toddlers were conducted from Germany using the Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (Squires et al. (2013). Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (SEAM)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881482/the-significance-of-deaf-identity-for-psychological-well-being
#19
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
Research has paid attention to how deaf identity affects life outcomes such as psychological well-being. However, studies are often carried out with small samples and without controlling for other variables. This study examined how different forms of identity-deaf, hearing, bicultural (deaf and hearing), and marginal (neither deaf nor hearing)-were associated with levels of psychological well-being and a number of other variables. The sample was 742 adults with hearing loss in Denmark. The study found that those with a deaf, hearing or bicultural identity had significantly higher levels of psychological well-being than those with a marginal identity...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818398/early-identification-of-infants-and-toddlers-with-deafblindness
#20
Tanni L Anthony
Data from the 2014 National Center on Deaf-Blindness Count show that fewer than 100 infants and toddlers are currently identified with deaf-blindness across the United States and that identification rates for this population vary greatly from state to state. The author presents a key rationale for timely and accurate identification of early-onset deafblindness and of the challenges involved in current early identification practices. Health and educational providers play a vital role in efforts to understand the impact of deafblindness on early development, high-risk conditions, and diagnoses associated with pediatric deafblindness, as well as the warning signs of early-onset hearing and vision loss...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
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