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auditory-verbal therapy

Moritz Tacke, Lucia Gerstl, Florian Heinen, Isabel Heukaeufer, Michaela Bonfert, Thomas Bast, Sonia Cornell, Bernd Axel Neubauer, Ingo Borggraefe
INTRODUCTION: Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is a common epilepsy syndrome in childhood. Besides the occurrence of seizures, mild cognitive impairments and behavioral problems affecting language skills, spatial perception, memory, executive function, and academic achievement might be present. There is no international consensus about the decision whether or not to treat affected children. The influence of treatment on cognitive functions is debated. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with BECTS were assessed in short term auditory memory, long-term verbal memory, intelligence and behavior using the "number recall" test from the Kaufman assessment battery for children, the "verbal learning memory test", the "culture free intelligence test" and the "child behavior checklist" prior to a randomized controlled antiepileptic therapy and after a treatment period of 6 months with either sulthiame or levetiracetam...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Cassie M Hazell, Mark Hayward, Kate Cavanagh, Anna-Marie Jones, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is an effective intervention for people who hear distressing voices (auditory hallucinations). However, there continues to be a problem of poor access to CBTp. Constraints on health care funding require this problem to be addressed without a substantial increase in funding. One solution is to develop guided self-help forms of CBTp to improve access, and a symptom-specific focus on, for example, distressing voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) has the potential to enhance effectiveness...
2016: Trials
David P G van den Berg, Berber M van der Vleugel, Paul A J M de Bont, Anton B P Staring, Tamar Kraan, Helga Ising, Carlijn de Roos, Ad de Jongh, Agnes van Minnen, Mark van der Gaag
OBJECTIVE: Although TF treatments are effective in patients with psychosis, it is unknown whether specific psychosis-related obstacles limit the effects, and what determines good outcome. METHODS: Baseline posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and seven psychosis-specific variables were tested as predictors in patients with a psychotic disorder and PTSD (n=108), who received eight sessions of TF treatment (Prolonged Exposure, or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy) in a single-blind randomized controlled trial...
October 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Thomas Fovet, Natasza Orlov, Miriam Dyck, Paul Allen, Klaus Mathiak, Renaud Jardri
Auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are frequent and disabling symptoms, which can be refractory to conventional psychopharmacological treatment in more than 25% of the cases. Recent advances in brain imaging allow for a better understanding of the neural underpinnings of AVHs. These findings strengthened transdiagnostic neurocognitive models that characterize these frequent and disabling experiences. At the same time, technical improvements in real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) enabled the development of innovative and non-invasive methods with the potential to relieve psychiatric symptoms, such as fMRI-based neurofeedback (fMRI-NF)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
M M Bohlken, K Hugdahl, I E C Sommer
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are a frequently occurring phenomenon in the general population and are considered a psychotic symptom when presented in the context of a psychiatric disorder. Neuroimaging literature has shown that AVH are subserved by a variety of alterations in brain structure and function, which primarily concentrate around brain regions associated with the processing of auditory verbal stimuli and with executive control functions. However, the direction of association between AVH and brain function remains equivocal in certain research areas and needs to be carefully reviewed and interpreted...
July 7, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Ramesh Kaipa, Michelle L Danser
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal therapy (AVT) is one of the primary treatment approaches for developing spoken language in children with hearing impairment (HI), but its outcomes have not been thoroughly investigated. The current study aimed to systematically review past studies investigating AVT outcomes in children with HI. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in six databases. Fourteen articles that met the final inclusion criteria were grouped under three categories based on the outcome measures: receptive and expressive language development, auditory/speech perception and mainstreaming...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Randall Phelps, Anne Tsai, Arlene Hagen, Joseph Pinter, Raegan Smith, Martin T Stein
Isela is an 11-year-old Mexican-American girl with mild intellectual disability. During a vacation with her family, she went swimming with dolphins. A few days later, Isela awoke at night with laughing spells; during the day, she was pacing, aggressive, and had a decline in self-care and communication skills. Her parents attributed the symptoms to the dolphins. She was evaluated by a pediatric neurologist. The sleep-deprived electroencephalogram, brain magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture, and thyroid function tests were normal...
May 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Marianne S Thomsen, Anthony C Ruocco, Amanda A Uliaszek, Birgit B Mathiesen, Erik Simonsen
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have deficits in neurocognitive function that could affect their ability to engage in psychotherapy and may be ameliorated by improvements in symptom severity. In the current study, 18 patients with BPD completed neurocognitive tests prior to beginning mentalization-based therapy and again after 6 months of treatment. Twenty-eight nonpsychiatric controls were tested over the same period of time but received no intervention. Before starting treatment, patients performed lower than controls on tests assessing sustained attention and visuospatial working memory...
April 11, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Miriam S Dyck, Krystyna A Mathiak, Susanne Bergert, Pegah Sarkheil, Yury Koush, Eliza M Alawi, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Arnim J Gaebler, Sukhi S Shergill, Klaus Mathiak
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a hallmark of schizophrenia and can significantly impair patients' emotional, social, and occupational functioning. Despite progress in psychopharmacology, over 25% of schizophrenia patients suffer from treatment-resistant hallucinations. In the search for alternative treatment methods, neurofeedback (NF) emerges as a promising therapy tool. NF based on real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) allows voluntarily change of the activity in a selected brain region - even in patients with schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Janusz K Rybakowski, Anna Bodnar, Milosz Krzywotulski, Maria Chlopocka-Wozniak, Michal Michalak, Jowita Rosada-Kurasinska, Alicja Bartkowska-Sniatkowska
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for drug-resistant depression (DRD). Because a single infusion of ketamine may exert both a rapid antidepressant effect and a quick improvement of cognition, the aim of the present study was to assess whether ketamine, as an anesthetic drug for ECT, can augment the antidepressant activity of the procedure and/or exert a beneficial effect on cognition. METHODS: A total of 11 male and 34 female patients with DRD, aged 21 to 75 years, were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of ECT
C Zonnenberg, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, C W Slotema
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) experienced by patients with a borderline personality disorder (BPD) are considered to be rare, to have a 'pseudo'-quality, and to cause little distress. AIM: To provide an overview of studies of the prevalence and phenomenological characteristics of AVHs in patients with a BPD, and of the ensuing degree of suffering. METHOD: We performed a systematic literature search using PubMed and the Ovid database...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
SungHo Jang, SeongHo Kim, HanDo Lee
In this study, we attempted to demonstrate the change of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) concurrent with the recovery from a vegetative state (VS) to a minimally conscious state (MCS) in a patient with brain injury. A 54-year-old male patient had suffered from head trauma and underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately after head trauma. At 10 months after onset, the patient exhibited impaired consciousness, with a Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) score of 7 (auditory function: 1, visual function: 2, motor function: 1, verbal function: 1, communication: 0, and arousal: 2) and underwent the ventriculoperitoneal shunt operation for hydrocephalus...
May 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Filippo Varese, Anthony P Morrison, Rosie Beck, Suzanne Heffernan, Heather Law, Richard P Bentall
OBJECTIVES: Research has suggested that the extent to which voices (i.e., auditory verbal hallucinations) are experienced as distressing might be influenced by negative beliefs about voices as well as maladaptive metacognitive styles involving the negative appraisal and maladaptive control of mental experiences. This cross-sectional study examined the contribution of both specific appraisals of voices and a metacognitive factor (i.e., experiential avoidance) to voice-related distress...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
David Smailes, Ben Alderson-Day, Charles Fernyhough, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Guy Dodgson
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for voice-hearing (i.e., auditory verbal hallucinations; AVH) has, at best, small to moderate effects. One possible reason for this limited efficacy is that current CBT approaches tend to conceptualize voice-hearing as a homogenous experience in terms of the cognitive processes involved in AVH. However, the highly heterogeneous nature of voice-hearing suggests that many different cognitive processes may be involved in the etiology of AVH. These heterogeneous voice-hearing experiences do, however, appear to cluster into a set of subtypes, opening up the possibility of tailoring treatment to the subtype of AVH that a voice-hearer reports...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Neil Thomas, Susan L Rossell, Flavie Waters
This article reports on the Third Biennial Meeting of the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research, held in Melbourne, Australia, in October 2015. Following a public conference in which research findings were considered in relation to subjective experience and practice, 9 multidisciplinary working groups examined key current issues in progressing the conceptualization and research of hallucinations. Work group topics included: multicenter validation of the transdiagnostic and multimodal Questionnaire for Psychotic Experiences; development of an improved outcome measure for psychological therapies; the relationship between inhibition and hallucinations across multiple levels of explanation; hallucinations in relation to sleep phenomena; emotion and hallucinations; multiple interactions between the experience of self and hallucinations; interactions between language, auditory and memory networks; resting state networks including the default mode; and analyses arising from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data-sharing...
July 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Anna Bodnar, Milosz Krzywotulski, Anna Lewandowska, Maria Chlopocka-Wozniak, Alicja Bartkowska-Sniatkowska, Michal Michalak, Janusz K Rybakowski
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for drug-resistant depression (DRD). We estimated the short- and long-term effects of ECT on cognitive functions in patients with unipolar and bipolar DRD. METHODS: We investigated 63 patients (18 male, 45 female), aged 34-75 years. Cognitive assessments were performed before, immediately after 6-12 ECT sessions, and 3 months thereafter, using the Benton Visual Retention, Trail Making (TMT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) tests, the Digit Span of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning (RAVLT), verbal fluency and Stroop tests...
2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
David W Loring, Ritu Kapur, Kimford J Meador, Martha J Morrell
OBJECTIVE: Responsive neurostimulation decreases the frequency of disabling seizures when used as an adjunctive therapy in patients with medically refractory partial-onset seizures. The effect of long-term responsive neurostimulation on neuropsychological performance has not yet been established. METHODS: Neuropsychological data were collected from subjects participating in the open-label arm of a randomized controlled trial of responsive neurostimulation with the RNS(®) System...
November 2015: Epilepsia
Tom K J Craig, Mar Rus-Calafell, Thomas Ward, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo, Paul McCrone, Richard Emsley, Philippa Garety
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions which adopt an explicitly interpersonal approach are a recent development in the treatment of distressing voices. AVATAR therapy is one such approach which creates a direct dialogue between a voice-hearer and a computerised representation of their persecutory voice (the avatar) through which the person may be supported to gain a sense of greater power and control. The main objective of the trial is to test the clinical efficacy of this therapy to reduce the frequency and severity of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH)...
2015: Trials
Francesco Barban, Roberta Annicchiarico, Stelios Pantelopoulos, Alessia Federici, Roberta Perri, Lucia Fadda, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo, Claudia Ricci, Simone Giuli, Francesco Scalici, Chiara Stella Turchetta, Fulvia Adriano, Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Chiara Zaccarelli, Giulio Cirillo, Simone Passuti, Paolo Mattarelli, Olga Lymperopoulou, Paraskevi Sakka, Eva Ntanasi, Reyes Moliner, Azucena Garcia-Palacios, Carlo Caltagirone
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the efficacy of process-based cognitive training (pb-CT) combined with reminiscence therapy (RT) in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (mAD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and in healthy elderly (HE) subjects. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involved 348 participants with mAD, MCI, and HE from four European countries. Participants were randomly assigned to two arms of a crossover design: those in arm A underwent 3 months of computerized pb-CT for memory and executive functions combined with RT and 3 months of rest; those in arm B underwent the reverse...
April 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Hetal Amin, Rohit Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Ayurveda is known for philosophical basis, and its approach to psychological ailments is quite different from conventional system of management. Satvavajaya Chikitsa (Ayurvedic psychotherapy) is a nonpharmacological approach aimed at control of mind and restraining it from unwholesome Artha (objects) or stressors. Withdrawal of the mind from unwholesome objects is known as Sattvavajaya Chikitsa or it is a treatment by Self Control. Charaka defines it as a mind controlling therapy in which a stress has been laid on restraining of mind from unwholesome objects...
July 2015: International Journal of Yoga
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