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Michael Pickell, Stephen M Mann, Rajesh Chakravertty, Daniel P Borschneck
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective observational study examining the use of a surgeon-driven intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring system. Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring is becoming the standard of care for spinal surgeries with potential post-operative neurologic deficits. This standard applies to both adult and pediatric spinal surgery, but a shortage of appropriately trained and certified technologists and physiologists can compromise monitoring capabilities in some centers...
September 2016: J Spine Surg
Maarten van Dijke, Stein J Janssen, Thomas D Cha, Kirkham B Wood, Lawrence F Borges, Mitchel B Harris, Christopher M Bono, Joseph H Schwab
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To compare (1) recurrence of radiculopathy and (2) back pain after decompression with and without fusion for patients with a symptomatic synovial cyst. BACKGROUND: Previous work described favorable outcomes following cyst excision with and without fusion. Because of the association of facet cysts with spinal instability it is hypothesized that a decompression with fusion will lead to better outcomes...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Arvind G Kulkarni, Hussain Bohra, Abhilash Dhruv, Abhishek Sarraf, Anupreet Bassi, Vishwanath M Patil
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present prospective study is to evaluate whether the touted advantages of minimal invasive-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) translate into superior, equal, or inferior outcomes as compared to open-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (O-TLIF). This is the first study from the Indian subcontinent prospectively comparing the outcomes of MI-TLIF and O-TLIF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive cases of open and MI-TLIF were prospectively followed up...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Dhungana Hemanta, Xiao-Xing Jiang, Zhen-Zhou Feng, Zi-Xian Chen, Yuan-Wu Cao
Degenerative disc disease is a multifaceted progressive irreversible condition and an inevitable part of aging, which has been found to be a contributing factor for low back pain and might cause radiculopathy, myelopathy, spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and herniations. Its etiology is complex and multifactorial. Although genetics influence more dominant, the occupational and mechanical influences still persist as a major risk factor. This review emphasizes up-to-date knowledge regarding etiology of disc degeneration with special consideration on occupational, lifestyle factors, and genetic polymorphisms...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Andrzej Maciejczak, Katarzyna Jabłońska-Sudoł
BACKGROUND: Pelvic balance is a version of the pelvis defined by pelvic orientation parameters of PT and SS. Two distinct versions of pelvis are defined: (1) balanced characterized by a relatively low PT and high SS, and (2) unbalanced with relatively high PT and low SS meaning excessive retroversion of the pelvis. It was proved for patients with a high-grade spondylolisthesis that rebalancing of the pelvis can positively affect clinical outcomes. Little is known about the impact of such rebalancing in low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis...
October 11, 2016: European Spine Journal
Jonathan M Weimer, Martin Marinov, Rafi Avitsian
A 58-year old male with grade II L4-L5 spondylolisthesis and degenerative changes presented for single level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. During decompression of the L4 foramina, distraction of the disc space, and placement of the interbody cage and pedicle screws, episodes of extreme bradycardia with up to 5 seconds of asystole were detected on both EKG and invasive hemodynamic monitoring. The events correlated with and could possibly be a result of traction on the dura. Lumbar spinal surgery may be associated with electrophysiological and hemodynamic abnormalities, and anesthesia providers should be aware of such possibilities and the need to respond appropriately with sympathomimetic or vagolytic interventions...
October 7, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Suzanne L de Kunder, Kim Rijkers, Sander M J van Kuijk, Silvia M A A Evers, Rob A de Bie, Henk van Santbrink
BACKGROUND: With a steep increase in the number of instrumented spinal fusion procedures, there is a need for comparative data to develop evidence based treatment recommendations. Currently, the available data on cost and clinical effectiveness of the two most frequently performed surgeries for lumbar spondylolisthesis, transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), are not sufficient. Therefore, current guidelines do not advise which is the most appropriate surgical treatment strategy for these patients...
October 6, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Erlick A C Pereira, Mohammad Farwana, Khai S Lam
Spinal stenosis and low-grade spondylolisthesis produce symptoms of neural compression that can be treated with extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion (XLIF) via indirect decompression. This study aimed to investigate whether the restoration of disc dimensions would relieve symptoms of radiculopathy, claudication and back pain. In this retrospective study, patients undergoing XLIF surgery for relief of radicular symptoms or degenerative disc disease were included. Radiologically proven changes were used to assess the modes of degeneration...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Amandeep Bhalla, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Jaiben George, Michael Moghimi, Christopher M Bono
BACKGROUND: Context: Understanding the influence of preoperative diagnosis on outcomes for lumbar fusion surgery improves the quality of research and outcomes data, and helps guide treatment decisions. PURPOSE: We sought to perform a systematic review of the literature published between 2000 and 2014 regarding lumbar fusion outcomes for degenerative disorders. An assessment of the influence of subgroup diagnosis on outcomes, as well as the quality of this body of literature was performed...
September 29, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Outi Ilves, Arja Häkkinen, Joost Dekker, Liisa Pekkanen, Kirsi Piitulainen, Salme Järvenpää, Ilkka Marttinen, Kimmo Vihtonen, Marko H Neva
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of the postoperative 12-month exercise program compared to usual care on disability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients after lumbar spine fusion surgery (LSF). METHODS: Altogether, 98 patients with isthmic (31) or degenerative (67) spondylolisthesis were randomised to exercise therapy group (EG) (n = 48) or usual care group (UCG) (n = 50) 3 months after LSF. EG patients had home-based progressive strength and aerobic training program for 12 months...
September 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
Adam M Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: J Spine Surg
Pasquale Donnarumma, Roberto Tarantino, Lorenzo Nigro, Marika Rullo, Domenico Messina, Daniele Diacinti, Roberto Delfini
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate the factors influencing the outcome of back pain and disability in patients operated for lumbar stenosis without instability and deformity using two classical surgical techniques: decompression alone and decompression plus fusion. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent lumbar surgery with standard posterior decompression or standard posterior decompression plus pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar stenosis without deformity, spondylolisthesis or instability at our department from June 2010 to January 2014...
March 2016: J Spine Surg
Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan, Greg Malham, Kevin Seex, Prashanth J Rao
Degenerative disc and facet joint disease of the lumbar spine is common in the ageing population, and is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Lumbar spondylosis may result in mechanical back pain, radicular and claudicant symptoms, reduced mobility and poor quality of life. Surgical interbody fusion of degenerative levels is an effective treatment option to stabilize the painful motion segment, and may provide indirect decompression of the neural elements, restore lordosis and correct deformity. The surgical options for interbody fusion of the lumbar spine include: posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF), oblique lumbar interbody fusion/anterior to psoas (OLIF/ATP), lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Joseph A Sclafani, Pei-Shu Ho, Christian Mayfield, Ugochi Ukegbu, Venu Akuthota, Leighton Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Vincent J Alentado, Stephanie Caldwell, Heath P Gould, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Multiple studies have determined minimum clinically important difference (MCID) thresholds for EuroQOL-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores in lumbar fusion patients. However, a comprehensive understanding of predictors for a CSI postoperatively does not exist. PURPOSE: To determine medical, radiographic and surgical predictors for obtaining a clinically significant improvement (CSI) following lumbar fusion surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Review...
September 21, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Zoher Ghogawala, Daniel K Resnick, Steven D Glassman, James Dziura, Christopher I Shaffrey, Praveen V Mummaneni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Yasuaki Imajo, Toshihiko Taguchi, Masashi Neo, Koji Otani, Tadanori Ogata, Hiroshi Ozawa, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Hideki Murakami, Tetsuhiro Iguchi
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) performed a third study on complications in spinal surgery in 2011. The purpose was to present information about surgery and complications in a large amount of elderly patients aged 65 years with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) without coexisting spondylolisthesis, spondylolysis, or scoliosis, and to compare patients aged ≥80 years to those aged 65-79 years. METHODS: A recordable optical disc for data storage was sent by JSSR in January 2012 to 1105 surgeons certified by the JSSR in order to collect surgical data...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Yuichiro Morishita, Muneaki Masuda, Takeshi Maeda, Takayoshi Ueta, Keiichiro Shiba
STUDY DESIGN: The prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: The objective was to evaluate the relationships between local pressure changes of the intervertebral foramen during lumbar spine extension and lumbar foraminal morphology. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The physiological states of lumbosacral nerve roots in the vertebral foramen remain controversial. METHODS: We evaluated 56 lumbosacral vertebral foramens in 21 patients with L4-degenerative spondylolisthesis...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Dong Hwa Heo, Won Suh Choi, Choon-Keun Park, Jin-Sung Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the surgical methodology and effectiveness of minimally invasive oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) assisted by spinal endoscopy, which can treat disc herniation from the central to contralateral foramen. OLIF showed indirect decompression effects on reduction of spondylolisthesis and a foraminal widening effect on disc height restoration. METHODS: In this study, the indirect decompression effect of OLIF was augmented by direct endoscopic decompression and spinal endoscopy for removal of herniated disc materials...
September 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
P P Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik
INTRODUCTION: Segmental instability due to lumbar spondylolisthesis is a potential cause of chronic low back pain. Hypomobility of the spine results in compensatory segmental hypermobility of the segment above or below restricted segments. Therefore, the aim of the study is to determine the effects of mobilisation of the hypomobile upper thoracic spine along with conventional flexion exercises and stretching of short hip flexors on the degree of slippage and the functions of the persons with lumbar spondylolisthesis...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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