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Spondylolisthesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662768/lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-epidemiology-a-systematic-review-with-a-focus-on-gender-specific-and-age-specific-prevalence
#1
REVIEW
Yi Xiang J Wang, Zoltán Káplár, Min Deng, Jason C S Leung
The epidemiology of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) remains controversial. We performed a systematic review with the aim of gaining a better understanding of the prevalence of DS in the general population. The results showed that the prevalence of DS is very gender- and age-specific. Few women and men develop DS before they are 50 years old. After 50 years of age, both women and men begin to develop DS, with women having a faster rate of development than men. For elderly Chinese (≥ 65 years, mean age: 72...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662750/return-to-play-in-adolescent-athletes-with-symptomatic-spondylolysis-without-listhesis-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Samuel C Overley, Steven J McAnany, Steve Andelman, Jun Kim, Robert K Merrill, Samuel K Cho, Sheeraz A Qureshi, Andrew C Hecht
Study Design: Meta-analysis. Objectives: To assess return to play (RTP) rates in adolescent athletes with lumbar spondylolysis without spondylolisthesis treated conservatively or operatively. Methods: A review of Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed. The pooled results were performed by calculating the effect size based on the logit event rate. Studies were weighted by the inverse of the variance. Confidence intervals were reported at 95%...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662746/the-predictive-value-of-preoperative-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-on-postoperative-patient-reported-outcome-scores-in-lumbar-spine-surgery
#3
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Nan Luo, Sze Yung Chin, Eugene Tze Chun Lau, Pei Wang, Naresh Kumar, Leok-Lim Lau, John Nathaniel Ruiz, Joseph Shanthakumar Thambiah, Ka-Po Gabriel Liu, Hee-Kit Wong
Study Design: A single-center, retrospective cohort study. Objective: To predict patient-reported outcomes (PROs) using preoperative health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) scores by quantifying the correlation between them, so as to aid selection of surgical candidates and preoperative counselling. Methods: All patients who underwent single-level elective lumbar spine surgery over a 2-year period were divided into 3 diagnosis groups: spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, and disc herniation...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652786/long-term-results-of-surgery-compared-with-nonoperative-treatment-for-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-in-the-spine-patient-outcomes-research-trial-sport
#4
William A Abdu, Olivia A Sacks, Anna N A Tosteson, Wenyan Zhao, Tor D Tosteson, Tamara S Morgan, Adam Pearson, James N Weinstein, Jon D Lurie
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trial with a concurrent observational cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To compare eight-year outcomes between surgery and nonoperative care and among different fusion techniques for symptomatic lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment of DS has been shown to be more effective than nonoperative treatment out to four years. This study sought to further determine the long-term (8-year) outcomes. METHODS: Surgical candidates with DS from thirteen centers with at least twelve weeks of symptoms and confirmatory imaging were offered enrollment in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) or observational cohort study (OBS)...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652784/a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-study-comparing-silicated-calcium-phosphate-versus-bmp-2-synthetic-bone-graft-in-posterolateral-instrumented-lumbar-fusion-for-degenerative-spinal-disorders
#5
Marc Coughlan, Mark Davies, Adriaan K Mostert, Dharmin Nanda, Paul C Willems, Geoffrey Rosenberg, Richard Ferch
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, Phase IV, multicenter, randomized study. OBJECTIVE: To compare vertebral fusion success rates following posterolateral fusion ((PLF)/posterolateral intertransverse fusion (PITF)) surgery. The surgical procedure combined posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and PLF with internal fixation over one or two levels using silicated calcium phosphate (SiCaP) or bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 as graft material in patients with a degenerative disorder of the lumbar spine...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652237/failure-of-facet-replacement-system-with-metal-on-metal-bearing-surface-and-subsequent-discovery-of-cobalt-allergy-report-of-2-cases
#6
Matthew L Goodwin, William Ryan Spiker, Darrel S Brodke, Brandon D Lawrence
The aim of this study was to report on 2 patients in whom metal-on-metal (MOM) facet replacements failed, with subsequent positive findings on allergy testing. Motion-preserving devices have been used with limited success when instrumentation is indicated in the mobile spine. MOM-bearing surfaces in orthopedics were developed to increase implant longevity, yet have been associated with numerous adverse outcomes, including local tissue reactions, pseudotumors, metallosis, and the need for revision surgery. Five patients with spinal stenosis and low-grade spondylolisthesis were randomized to undergo facet replacement surgery with the ACADIA facet replacement system at the authors' institution...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651713/correlation-of-listhesis-on-upright-radiographs-and-central-lumbar-spinal-canal-stenosis-on-supine-mri-is-it-possible-to-predict-lumbar-spinal-canal-stenosis
#7
Tim Finkenstaedt, Filippo Del Grande, Nicolae Bolog, Nils H Ulrich, Sina Tok, Jakob M Burgstaller, Johann Steurer, Christine B Chung, Gustav Andreisek, Sebastian Winklhofer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether upright radiographs can predict lumbar spinal canal stenosis using supine lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to investigate the detection performance for spondylolisthesis on upright radiographs compared with supine MRI in patients with suspected lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, conventional radiographs and MR images of 143 consecutive patients with suspected LSS (75 female, mean age 72 years) were evaluated...
April 13, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650015/inclusion-and-exclusion-criteria-used-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-trials-a-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-published-between-2006-and-2012
#8
Pål André Amundsen, David W Evans, Dévan Rajendran, Philip Bright, Tom Bjørkli, Sandra Eldridge, Rachelle Buchbinder, Martin Underwood, Robert Froud
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health complaint resulting in substantial economic burden. Each year, upwards of 20 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for non-specific low back pain are published. Use of the term non-specific low back pain has been criticised on the grounds of encouraging heterogeneity and hampering interpretation of findings due to possible heterogeneous causes, challenging meta-analyses. We explored selection criteria used in trials of treatments for nsLBP...
April 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629597/minimally-invasive-spinal-decompression-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-and-stenosis-maintains-stability-and-may-avoid-the-need-for-fusion
#9
A Minamide, M Yoshida, A K Simpson, Y Nakagawa, H Iwasaki, S Tsutsui, M Takami, H Hashizume, Y Yukawa, H Yamada
Aims The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of microendoscopic laminotomy in patients with lumbar stenosis and concurrent degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), and to determine the effect of this procedure on spinal stability. Patients and Methods A total of 304 consecutive patients with single-level lumbar DS with concomitant stenosis underwent microendoscopic laminotomy without fusion between January 2004 and December 2010. Patients were divided into two groups, those with and without advanced DS based on the degree of spondylolisthesis and dynamic instability...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626686/does-preoperative-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-influence-outcome-in-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-3-year-results-of-a-swiss-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#10
Nils Harry-Bert Ulrich, Isaac Gravestock, Ulrike Held, Khoschy Schawkat, Giuseppe Pichierri, Maria M Wertli, Sebastian Winklhofer, Mazda Farshad, Francois Porchet, Johann Steurer, Jakob M Burgstaller
BACKGROUND: Decompression alone to treat degenerative lumbar stenosis with and without concomitant degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS; non-DS) has shown ambiguous results in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to compare clinical outcomes in patients with lumbar stenosis with and without DS who underwent decompression alone surgery without fusion on one to three adjacent levels after 6-, 12-, 24-, and 36-month follow-up. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study at eight medical centers...
April 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621202/thoracic-inlet-parameters-for-degenerative-cervical-spondylolisthesis-imaging-measurement
#11
Quanbing Wang, Xiao-Tao Wang, Lei Zhu, Yu-Xi Wei
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic value of sagittal measurement of thoracic inlet parameters for degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis (DCS). MATERIAL AND METHODS We initially included 65 patients with DCS and the same number of health people as the control group by using cervical radiograph evaluations. We analyzed the x-ray and computer tomographic (CT) data in prone and standing position at the same time. Measurement of cervical sagittal parameters was carried out in a standardized supine position...
April 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609581/mild-not-severe-disc-degeneration-is-implicated-in-the-progression-of-bilateral-l5-spondylolysis-to-spondylolisthesis
#12
Vivek A S Ramakrishna, Uphar Chamoli, Luke L Viglione, Naomi Tsafnat, Ashish D Diwan
BACKGROUND: Spondylolytic (or lytic) spondylolisthesis is often associated with disc degeneration at the index-level; however, it is not clear if disc degeneration is the cause or the consequence of lytic spondylolisthesis. The main objective of this computed tomography based finite element modelling study was to examine the role of different grades of disc degeneration in the progression of a bilateral L5-lytic defect to spondylolisthesis. METHODS: High-resolution computed tomography data of the lumbosacral spine from an anonymised healthy male subject (26 years old) were segmented to build a 3D-computational model of an INTACT L1-S1 spine...
April 2, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608449/conservative-treatment-of-hangman-variant-fractures
#13
Thomas E Niemeier, Sakthevil R Manoharan, Amrita Mukherjee, Steven M Theiss
STUDY DESIGN: This is retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the stability of patients with hangman variant fractures and outcomes of treatment with external immobilization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis (C2) with the fracture extending into the vertebral body has been incompletely characterized. Small case series have showed high rates of neurological injury and cite difficulty treating closed due to greater instability secondary to extensive ligamentous injury...
March 31, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606043/erratum-defining-the-minimum-clinically-important-difference-for-grade-i-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-insights-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#14
Mohamad Bydon, Jonathan R Slotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605898/spondylolisthesis-adjacent-to-a-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-adjacent-level-degeneration
#15
David Christopher Kieser, Derek Thomas Cawley, Cecile Roscop, Simon Mazas, Pierre Coudert, Louis Boissiere, Ibrahim Obeid, Jean-Marc Vital, Vincent Pointillart, Olivier Gille
PURPOSE: To understand whether a spondylolisthesis in the sub-axial spine cranial to a cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) construes a risk of adjacent level disease (ALD). METHODS: A retrospective review of 164 patients with a minimum 5-year follow-up of a cervical disc arthroplasty was performed. Multi-level surgeries, including hybrid procedures, were included. Multiple implant types were included. The two inter-vertebral discs (IVD) cranial of the CDA were monitored for evidence of radiologic degeneration using the Kettler criteria...
March 31, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600211/unusual-presentation-of-spinal-gout-2-cases-report-and-literature-review
#16
Wesley Ng, Cheuk Hang Sin, Chong Hing Wong, Wing Fat Chiu, On Ming Chung
Introduction: Gouty spondyloarthropathy is generally believed to be uncommon. Together with the fact that it can mimic a variety of disease entities, it imposes significant diagnostic challenge in our clinical practice. In this article, we report two patients diagnosed with spinal gout, and both were initially suspected to have a pyogenic infection. Case Reports: The first patient, a 66-year-old man, was admitted for fever and a short history of bilateral upper limb weakness...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592979/spondylodiscitis-in-a-54-year-old-female-scuba-diver
#17
Neil Tuttle, Alexandra Brelis, Rachel Brereton, Kerrie Evans
A 54-year-old woman presented to a Sports Physician with a 4-year history of haemochromatosis, and she had a medical history that included a congenital spondylolisthesis resulting in a fusion of L4-S1 at age 16 years, episodic mechanical low back pain and an absence of other significant musculoskeletal symptoms. On presentation, she reported 18 months of severe low back pain that started after a scuba diving trip. After the onset of this low back pain, she developed gastrointestinal symptoms from Salmonella The gastrointestinal symptoms improved with a course of antibiotics, but the back pain persisted in spite of analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and several attempts at different conservative management...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576907/spinal-case-of-the-month-with-short-perspective-how-would-you-treat-this-l3-l4-synovial-cyst
#18
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
Background: In this new section, Case of the Month with Short Perspective from Surgical Neurology International, we want to see how various spine surgeons would approach different spinal pathologies. In this first case, an elderly male presented with 3 years of lower back pain and progressive neurogenic claudication with bilateral radiculopathy that had exacerbated over the prior 6 months. An outside physician performed a magnetic resonance (MR) study of the lumbar spine that showed a massive synovial cyst filling the spinal canal (e...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576906/lower-complication-and-reoperation-rates-for-laminectomy-rather-than-mi-tlif-other-fusions-for-degenerative-lumbar-disease-spondylolisthesis-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Utilizing the spine literature, we compared the complication and reoperation rates for laminectomy alone vs. instrumented fusions including minimally invasive (MI) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for the surgical management of multilevel degenerative lumbar disease with/without degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). Methods: Epstein compared complication and reoperation rates over 2 years for 137 patients undergoing laminectomy alone undergoing 2-3 level (58 patients) and 4-6 level (79 patients) Procedures for lumbar stenosis with/without DS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564921/hollow-modular-anchorage-hma-screws-for-anterior-transvertebral-fixation-in-high-grade-spondylolisthesis-cases-requiring-360-degrees-in-situ-fusion
#20
Matthias A König, Bronek M Boszczyk
OBJECTIVE: 360 degrees in-situ fusion for high-grade spondylolisthesis showed satisfying clinical long-term results. Combining anterior with posterior surgery increases fusion rates. Anteriorly inserted transvertebral HMA screws could be an alternative to strut graft constructs or cages, avoiding donor site complications. In addition, complete posterior muscle detachment is avoided and the injury risk of neural structures is minimized. This study investigates the use of HMA screws in this context...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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