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Spondylolisthesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030702/the-prevalence-of-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-children-a-retrospective-analysis-using-ct
#1
Thibaut Lemoine, Joseph Fournier, Thierry Odent, Catherine Sembély-Taveau, Pauline Merenda, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
PURPOSE: Although lumbar spondylolysis is encountered in general population with an incidence estimated to be 3-10%, limited information is available for children. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of spondylolysis according to associated vertebral bony malformation and spinopelvic parameters in children under eight requiring CT evaluation for unrelated lumbar conditions. METHODS: Seven hundred and seventeen abdominal and pelvic multi-detector CT scans were obtained in patients under 8 years of age were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028759/which-domains-of-the-odi-best-predict-change-in-physical-function-in-patients-after-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#2
Hamadi A Murphy, Eugene Warnick, Richard McGintee, Kristen Nicholson, Douglas A Hollern, Christie Stawicki, Daniel Tarazona, Gregory D Schroeder, Barrett I Woods, Mark F Kurd, Jeffrey A Rihn, Greg D Anderson, Christopher K Kepler, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro, Kris E Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Review OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study is to determine the differential improvement of the various individual items of the ODI and to determine their relationship to other measures of HRQOL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The oswestry disability index (ODI) is an easily scored, common, ten-item questionnaire about symptoms relevant to lumbar spine pathology. It is not clear if all of the items can be reliably applied to spine surgery...
October 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027622/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-lumbar-decompressions-and-fusions
#3
REVIEW
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Jonathan S Markowitz, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to summarize the recent literature investigating the use of minimally invasive (MIS) techniques in the treatment of lumbar degenerative stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. RECENT FINDINGS: MIS lumbar decompression and fusion techniques for degenerative pathology are associated with reduced operative morbidity, shortened length of hospital stay, and reduced postoperative pain and narcotics utilization. Recent studies with long-term clinical follow-up have demonstrated equivalence in clinical outcomes between open and MIS surgical procedures...
October 11, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021675/surgical-treatment-of-bilateral-nondisplaced-isthmic-lysis-by-interlaminar-fixation-device
#4
Keyvan Mostofi, Reza Karimi Khouzani
STUDY DESIGN: Spondylolysis is a defect in the portion of pars interarticularis. The latter affects approximately 6% of the population. It is caused by repetitive trauma in hyperextension. Low back pain is the most common symptom. METHODS: We implanted interspinous process devices in 12 patients with isthmic lysis without spondylolisthesis for low back pain. The purpose of the surgery was to conduct a minimally invasive procedure. RESULTS: In eight cases, patients became asymptomatic...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019641/spine-conditions-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#5
Steven D Trigg, Zachary Devilbiss
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a frequent cause of chronic low back and lower extremity pain in older patients. Symptomatic LSS typically is described as neurogenic claudication consisting of pain, weakness, numbness, and/or fatigue arising in the back and radiating into the buttock, thigh, or lower leg. The diagnosis is complicated by lack of reliable clinical or x-ray criteria. North American Spine Society guidelines recommend magnetic resonance imaging study without contrast to confirm anatomic narrowing of the spinal canal or nerve root impingement...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994028/treatment-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-current-concepts-and-new-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Andre M Samuel, Harold G Moore, Matthew E Cunningham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines for the optimal treatment degenerative spondylolisthesis are weak and based on limited high-quality evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: There is some moderate evidence that decompression alone may be a feasible treatment with lower surgical morbidity and similar outcomes to fusion when performed in a select population with a low-grade slip. Similarly, addition of interbody fusion may be best suited to a subset of patients with high-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis, although this remains controversial...
October 9, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993288/the-relationship-between-sacral-slope-and-symptomatic-isthmic-spondylolysis-in-a-cohort-of-high-school-athletes-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Leigh F Hanke, Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Julian Harrison, Peter J Moley
BACKGROUND: Spondylolysis with and without anterolisthesis are the most common causes of structural back pain in children and adolescents, but few predictive factors have been confirmed. An association between abnormal sacro-pelvic orientation and both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis has been supported in the literature. Sacral slope and other sacro-pelvic measurements are easily accessible variables that could aid clinicians in assessing active adolescents with low back pain, particularly when the diagnosis of spondylolysis is suspected...
October 6, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987526/anterior-lumbar-sagittal-alignment-after-anterior-or-lateral-interbody-fusion
#8
M Afathi, F Zairi, P Devos, M Allaoui, P Marinho, D Chopin, R Assaker
PURPOSE: Anterior or lateral interbody fusion is a treatment option for lumbar disc disease. A segmental change occurs after such surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the changes in the lumbar regional alignment after a single or two-level standalone anterior or lateral interbody fusion (ALIF or LLIF). METHODS: Data from patients referred to our institution between March 2013 and November 2015 for standalone ALIF or LLIF for low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis or degenerative discopathy were retrospectively included in our analysis...
October 4, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979853/lumbar-ganglion-cyst-nosology-surgical-management-and-proposal-of-a-new-classification-based-on-34-personal-cases-and-literature-review
#9
Maurizio Domenicucci, Alessandro Ramieri, Daniele Marruzzo, Paolo Missori, Massimo Miscusi, Roberto Tarantino, Roberto Delfini
AIM: To analyze different terms used in literature to identify lumbar extradural cysts and propose a common scientific terminology; to elaborate a new morphological classification of this pathology, useful for clinical and surgical purposes; and to describe the best surgical approach to remove these cysts, in order to avoid iatrogenic instability or treat the pre-existing one. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 34 patients with symptomatic lumbar ganglion cysts treated with spinal canal decompression with or without spinal fixation...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973290/spinal-fusion-for-pediatric-spondylolisthesis-national-trends-complications-and-short-term-outcomes
#10
Kavelin Rumalla, Chester K Yarbrough, Andrew J Pugely, Ian G Dorward
BACKGROUND: Current surgical management guidelines for pediatric spondylolisthesis (PS) are reliant on data from single-center cohorts. OBJECTIVE: To analyze national trends and predictors of short-term outcomes in spinal fusion surgery for PS by performing a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID). METHODS: The KID (sampled every 3 yr) was queried from 2003 to 2012 to identify all cases (age 5-17) of spinal fusion for PS (n = 2646)...
July 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966827/spontaneous-pseudomeningocele-associated-with-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Gonçalo Novais, Bernardo Ratilal, Lia Pappamikail, Pedro Branco, Nuno Reis
BACKGROUND: Pseudomeningocele, an extradural collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), has only been rarely reported to occur spontaneously in conjunction with isthmic spondylolisthesis (with lysis) in the lumbar spine. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 68-year-old male presented with low back pain and neurogenic claudication of several years duration without any history of trauma, epidural spine injections, or spine surgery. Lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a grade-I L4-L5 isthmic spondylolisthesis with spinal canal narrowing and a posterior paravertebral collection consistent with CSF...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953710/quality-of-life-and-slip-progression-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-treated-non-operatively
#12
Duncan Cushnie, Ryan Johnstone, Jennifer C Urquhart, Kevin R Gurr, Stewart I Bailey, Christopher S Bailey
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: Determination of the quality of life (QoL) and prevalence of slip progression in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis managed non-operatively. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spinal stenosis secondary to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a common radiographic diagnosis associated with chronic back pain and radicular symptoms. There is limited evidence as to the clinical course in terms of validated QoL measures, and the extent of slip progression in patients with this condition treated non-operatively...
September 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945642/clinical-and-radiologic-comparison-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-with-traditional-open-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-review-of-452-patients-from-a-single-center
#13
Julian P Price, John M Dawson, James D Schwender, Kurt P Schellhas
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospective data for parallel, consecutive series of patients (Level III). OBJECTIVE: Compare clinical results and radiographic outcomes of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open techniques for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Minimally invasive techniques allow transforaminal exposure with decreased soft tissue disruption, but the question remains whether surgical and functional outcomes are equivalent to open techniques...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942019/failure-patterns-in-standalone-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-implants
#14
Fernando Alonso, Tarush Rustagi, Cameron Schmidt, Daniel C Norvell, R Shane Tubbs, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, Christian Fisahn
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is commonly performed using an allograft or autograft implant and anterior screw-supported plate. There has been an increase in the use of standalone cage devices due to ease of use and studies suggesting a lower rate of acute post-operative dysphagia. We review our experience with standalone cage devices and identify risk factors, patterns of failure, and revision surgery approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-series of patients treated at a single tertiary care institution between March 2014 and March 2015...
September 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941762/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-facet-fluid-sign-and-lumbar-spine-motion-of-degenerative-spondylolytic-segment-using-kinematic-mri
#15
Dalin Wang, Haifeng Yuan, An Liu, Changqing Li, Kaixiang Yang, Shengnai Zheng, Liming Wang, Jeffrey C Wang, Zorica Buser
To investigate the relationship between the facet fluid sign (FFS) and kinematics of affected lumbar segment in patients with low-grade, single-level lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis using kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (kMRI).Materials and methods Ninety-two patients diagnosed with low-grade (Grade 1 or 2), single level lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis L3 to S1. Angular and translational motion, whole lumbar motion, slip percentage, and facet angle were measured. Disc degeneration and degrees of osteoarthritis were graded, facet effusion was evaluated and classified as Positive or Negative FFS (PosFFS or NegFFS)...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928499/high-grade-spondylolytic-spondylolisthesis
#16
Peter C Emary, Stefan A Eberspaecher, John A Taylor
Case reports of high-grade spondylolisthesis have been rarely published in the chiropractic literature. Documented here is a case involving a 28-year-old woman who presented to the World Spine Care clinic in the Dominican Republic with minimal neuromusculoskeletal symptoms despite a grade 4 spondylolytic spondylolisthesis. The key imaging and etiological features of this clinical disorder are presented.
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906383/comparing-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-spondylolisthesis-a-strobe-compliant-observational-study
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dapeng Zhang, Keya Mao, Xiaojun Qiang
Although spondylolisthesis was traditionally treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) was recently proposed as an alternative treatment for spondylolisthesis. However, no studies have focused on the comparison of these 2 techniques' outcome on spondylolisthesis.The operative reports and perioperative data of patients who underwent single-level primary open PLIF (n = 29) and MIS-TLIF (n = 26) for I/II spondylolisthesis were retrospectively evaluated...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899038/achieving-optimal-outcome-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-randomized-controlled-trial-results
#18
Zoher Ghogawala, Daniel K Resnick, Steven D Glassman, James Dziura, Christopher I Shaffrey, Praveen V Mummaneni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894689/is-stand-alone-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-safe-and-efficacious-treatment-for-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-of-l5-s1
#19
REVIEW
Luke L Viglione, Uphar Chamoli, Ashish D Diwan
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (sa-ALIF) for the treatment of symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis of L5-S1 by assessing the level of available clinical and radiographic evidence. METHODS: A systematic review utilizing Medline, Embase, and Scopus online databases was undertaken. Clinical, radiographic, and adverse outcome data were extracted for the relevant isthmic spondylolisthesis cases with the intention of undertaking a meta-analysis...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894678/radiographic-risk-factors-of-reoperation-following-minimally-invasive-decompression-for-lumbar-canal-stenosis-associated-with-degenerative-scoliosis-and-spondylolisthesis
#20
Minori Kato, Takashi Namikawa, Akira Matsumura, Sadahiko Konishi, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Microsurgical bilateral decompression via a unilateral approach (MBDU), a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) decompression method, has been performed for numerous degenerative lumbar diseases, including degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) or degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), at our institution. In this study, we evaluated the appropriateness of MBDU for DLS or DS patients. METHODS: A total of 207 patients treated by MBDU were included (88 women and 119 men; mean age, 70 [40-86] years)...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
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