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vulval carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202553/extramammary-paget-s-disease-associated-with-genital-wart-and-lichen-sclerosus
#1
Rana Rafiei, Hojat Eftekhari, Siamak Granmayeh, Nahid Nickhah, Behnam Rafiee
Extramammary Paget's disease is an uncommon intraepithelial adenocarcinoma in genital and perianal regions. Genital wart is the most common sexually transmitted disease caused by human papilloma viruses and vulval lichen sclerosus is chronic pruritic dermatitis in genital area which could be able to change to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. We report a patient who had simultaneous lichen sclerosus, genital wart and extramammary Paget's disease of the vulva. We could not find any significant association between them in literature...
September 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140882/extravascular-migratory-metastasis-pericytic-mimicry-in-sarcomatoid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-report-of-2-cases
#2
M H Eleanor Koay, Colin J R Stewart
Extravascular migratory metastasis (EVMM), also known as pericytic mimicry or angiotropism, is a mechanism of angiocentric tumor spread that has been investigated mainly in cutaneous malignant melanoma where it has been associated with an increased risk of metastasis. In EVMM, the tumor cells spread along the external (ablumenal) aspect of vessels without breaching the endothelium, a process that is therefore distinct from the more widely recognized intraluminal invasion. Although EVMM has also been reported in a limited range of other tumor types, to our knowledge it has not been described in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031660/lichen-planus-affecting-the-female-genitalia-a-retrospective-review-of-patients-at-mayo-clinic
#3
Caoimhe M R Fahy, Rochelle R Torgerson, Mark D P Davis
BACKGROUND: Genital or vulval lichen planus (VLP) may have a disabling effect on a patient's quality of life. Evidence-based management guidelines are lacking for VLP. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review clinical presentation and treatment of patients who received a diagnosis of VLP. METHODS: The 100 consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of VLP at Mayo Clinic between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed retrospectively...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017363/a-survey-on-the-use-of-topical-steroids-in-patients-treated-for-lichen-sclerosus-associated-vulval-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Rachel Pounds, Sanna Tahir, Christopher Dawson, Ciaran Woodman, David Luesley, Jason Yap
Evidence suggests that lichen sclerosus (LS) is the primary aetiological factor for local vulval recurrence (LVR) in vulval squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC). The long-term application of topical corticosteroids is believed to prevent LVR. Patients treated for LS-associated VSCC at a gynaecological cancer centre were invited to complete a questionnaire to evaluate whether they are receiving corticosteroids. 55 of the 95 eligible patients (58%) completed the questionnaire; LS was treated in 69%, with steroids given to 84...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706405/vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-et-atrophicus
#5
REVIEW
Pragya Ashok Nair
Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by ivory-white plaques or patches with glistening surface commonly affecting the vulva and anus. Common symptoms are irritation, soreness, dyspareunia, dysuria, and urinary or fecal incontinence. Anogenital lichen sclerosus (LS) is characterized by porcelain-white atrophic plaques, which may become confluent extending around the vulval and perianal skin in a figure of eight configuration. Thinning and shrinkage of the genital area make coitus, urination, and defecation painful...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546667/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-vulva-11%C3%A2-years-single-institution-experience
#6
Leena Rose Johnson, Rema Prabhakaran Nair, Suchetha Sambasivan, Rari P Mony, Jayapriya Gangadharan, Aswin Kumar, Iqbal M Ahamed
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of vulva (ACC-vulva) is an extremely rare entity with <100 cases reported in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of ACC-vulva treated at a tertiary cancer care centre in South India. METHODS: This is a retrospective, record-based study of histopathologically confirmed cases of ACC-vulva treated at our centre from January 2005 to March 2016. RESULTS: Only four patients were diagnosed with ACC-vulva during the 11-year period under study...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418164/molecular-subtyping-of-mammary-like-adenocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-shows-molecular-similarity-to-breast-carcinomas
#7
Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Karama Asleh-Aburaya, Varsha Shah, W Glenn McCluggage, Anna Tinker, C Blake Gilks
AIMS: Mammary-like adenocarcinoma (MLA) of the vulva is thought to be derived from vulvar mammary-like glands. The aim of this study was to characterize a series of MLAs by using an immunohistochemical algorithm that identifies the major molecular subtypes of breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven cases of vulval MLA were stained for oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki67, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), cytokeratin (CK) 5, nestin, and inositol polyphosphate-4-phosphatase (INPP4b)...
April 18, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381390/the-possible-role-of-the-da-vinci-robot-for-patients-with-vulval-carcinoma-undergoing-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection
#8
Christos Iavazzo, Paraskevi Evangelia Iavazzo, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Inguinal lymph node dissection represents the gold standard of treatment for patients with vulval carcinoma. The application of minimally invasive techniques, such as robotics, in the surgical treatment of gynecologic cancer, reduced the rate of postoperative complications, which has an important impact on the quality of patients' life. Robotic inguinal lymph node dissection is a safe and oncologically effective but expensive and time-consuming approach in patients with penile cancer or melanoma. However, it is related with less postoperative complications, especially less lymphocele or lymphedema rates, and can improve the patients' quality of life while minimizing cost for health systems...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081287/current-insights-into-the-aetiology-pathobiology-and-management-of-local-disease-recurrence-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva
#9
REVIEW
Jkw Yap, D O'Neill, S Nagenthiran, C W Dawson, D M Luesley
Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva is predominantly a disease of the elderly, where the mainstay of treatment is radical surgery. Local vulval recurrence (LVR) is a significant problem for these patients, and the rates of recurrence have not improved over the last three decades. Disappointingly, we still lack an understanding of how LVRs develop, and the best approach to prevent and manage the condition. This review discusses recent insights into the key prognostic factors that influence the risk of recurrence, focusing on the role of tumour-adjacent non-neoplastic epithelial disorders, which are thought to play a causative role...
January 12, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061900/a-clitoral-verrucous-carcinoma-in-an-area-of-lichen-planus-has-aggressive-features
#10
Wiebren A A Tjalma, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Manon T Huizing
BACKGROUND: Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva is extremely rare. It is a slow growing, low malignant variant of a squamous cell carcinoma with a cauliflower appearance. Women with lichen planus have an increased risk of developing vulval cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old woman consulted for vulval itching. On clinical examination, a 3-cm large verrucous clitoral cancer in an area of lichen planus was seen. Based on her last clinical examination, the growth was estimated to be 1 cm(2) per month with an invasion depth after 6 months of 5 mm...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895081/malignant-melanoma-of-cervix
#11
Mayank Gupta
A 68-year-old woman presented with symptoms of bleeding per vaginum. On examination, a growth was seen in the cervix, clinically considered to be squamous cell carcinoma. The growth was confined to the cervix and did not involve the parametria. However, on biopsy it was diagnosed as malignant melanoma. She underwent surgery elsewhere and was advised chemotherapy as these tumours are aggressive; however, she refused chemotherapy. She has been on regular follow-up and has an ongoing survival and disease-free period of more than 5 years...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830172/an-unusual-case-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-with-lung-metastases
#12
G A Watson, D Kelly, L Prior, E Stanley, O MacEneaney, T Walsh, C M Kelly
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common non-melanomatous skin cancer, typically arising in sun-exposed areas such as the head and neck. Defective signaling through the Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway forms the molecular basis for BCC. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Basal cell carcinoma of the genital tract is rare as is metastatic BCC. We report a case of metastatic BCC in a young woman with previously resected vulval BCC presenting six years later with inguinal nodal recurrence and multiple lung metastases...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827479/raman-spectroscopy-and-multivariate-analysis-for-the-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-clinically-inconclusive-vulval-lichen-sclerosus
#13
Jonathan Frost, Linmarie Ludeman, Kathryn Hillaby, Robert Gornall, Gavin Lloyd, Catherine Kendall, Angela C Shore, Nick Stone
Vulval lichen sclerosus (LS) is a common inflammatory condition associated with an increased risk of developing vulval carcinoma. Diagnosis is usually clinical although biopsy is necessary if the diagnosis is uncertain or if there is a failure to respond to adequate initial treatment. Raman spectroscopy has the potential to be applied in vivo for near real time objective non-invasive optical diagnosis, avoiding the need for invasive tissue biopsies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of Raman spectroscopy for differentiating LS from other vulval conditions in fresh vulval biopsies...
April 10, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785896/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-a-vulval-epidermal-cyst
#14
Shirley Sze, Ian Richmond, Adam Bickers, Arabinda Saha
Malignant transformation of epidermal cyst is rare, with most cases arising in the head and neck. Here, we report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from a longstanding epidermal cyst in the right vulva of a 65-year-old woman. The patient presented with a sudden increase in size of the cyst over 6 weeks to the size of a golf ball. Excisional biopsy and histology indicated moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma within an epidermal cyst (FIGO stage IB). Strong p16 immunopositivity was also demonstrated and the potential significance of this is discussed...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679123/robot-assisted-vulvectomy-and-bilateral-inguinofemoral-lymphadenectomy-in-patients-with-stage-i-ii-squamous-cell-vulval-carcinoma-farghaly-s-technique
#15
S A Farghaly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390216/extramammary-paget-s-disease-mimicking-localized-malignancy-on-cervical-cytology
#16
Georgina Davis, Lyndal Anderson, Selvan Pather
A case of Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD) involving the cervix mimicking cervical carcinoma on routine cervical cytology in a 66-year-old woman with a history of recurrent multifocal EMPD involving the vulva, perineum, perianal area, and rectum is reported. The patient had undergone multiple excisions and reconstructions of EMPD, however, had a benign cervical smear history and reported no vaginal bleeding. The conventional papanicolaou smear was reported as concerning for carcinoma with abundant, well preserved material illustrating highly atypical cells with anisonucleosis and dense cytoplasm and focal microacini...
November 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336599/past-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-3-obesity-and-earlier-menopause-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-vulval-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Kate Coffey, Kezia Gaitskell, Valerie Beral, Karen Canfell, Jane Green, Gillian Reeves, Isobel Barnes
BACKGROUND: Vulval cancer predominantly affects postmenopausal women. A smaller proportion of vulval cancers, particularly at older ages, are now thought to be associated with human papillomavirus infection than previously reported, but other risk factors have not been well examined in prospective cohort studies. METHODS: A total of 1.3 million women aged 49-65 years were followed for incident vulval cancer (ICD-10 C51). Adjusted Cox regression models were used to examine the relationship between reproductive and lifestyle factors and risk of vulval cancer...
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167676/review-of-lung-and-pleural-biopsies-received-in-a-gynecologic-pathology-department-over-a-14-yr-period
#18
Josefa E O Vella, Raji Ganesan, Lynn Hirschowitz
Review of pulmonary biopsies received by Birmingham Women's Hospital to identify which gynecologic tumors most commonly metastasize to lung or pleura, and which may first present with pulmonary metastases. We reviewed all pulmonary biopsies over a 14-yr period. There were 25 lung and 9 pleural biopsies, from 33 patients. Twenty-one patients had known gynecologic tumors (1 vulval, 1 cervical, 9 endometrial, 4 uterine mesenchymal, and 6 ovarian). Eighteen of the 21 biopsies had been referred from other hospitals; in 4 cases review lead to an altered diagnosis...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904547/verrucous-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Jean Bouquet de Jolinière, F Khomsi, J M Gothuey, L Guillou, A Fadhlaoui, J B Dubuisson, A Feki
Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva is a rare lesion (1). Affecting essentially postmenopausal women, this lesion is a distinct and particular entity in vulval carcinoma classification and its scalability is uncertain and unpredictable. Here, we present a case concerning a 48-year-old patient, without follow-up after a condyloma acuminate of the vulva (large left lip). The origin of this case will be discussed in this article. The treatment decided was only surgical. A review of literature shows the rarity of this lesion of the female genital tract...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872051/light-fractionation-significantly-increases-the-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy-using-bf-200-ala-in-normal-mouse-skin
#20
Henriëtte S de Bruijn, Sander Brooks, Angélique van der Ploeg-van den Heuvel, Timo L M Ten Hagen, Ellen R M de Haas, Dominic J Robinson
BACKGROUND: Light fractionation significantly increases the efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) based photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the nano-emulsion based gel formulation BF-200. PDT using BF-200 ALA has recently been clinically approved and is under investigation in several phase III trials for the treatment of actinic keratosis. This study is the first to compare BF-200 ALA with ALA in preclinical models. RESULTS: In hairless mouse skin there is no difference in the temporal and spatial distribution of protoporphyrin IX determined by superficial imaging and fluorescence microscopy in frozen sections...
2016: PloS One
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