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vulval carcinoma

S A Farghaly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Georgina Davis, Lyndal Anderson, Selvan Pather
A case of Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD) involving the cervix mimicking cervical carcinoma on routine cervical cytology in a 66-year-old woman with a history of recurrent multifocal EMPD involving the vulva, perineum, perianal area, and rectum is reported. The patient had undergone multiple excisions and reconstructions of EMPD, however, had a benign cervical smear history and reported no vaginal bleeding. The conventional papanicolaou smear was reported as concerning for carcinoma with abundant, well preserved material illustrating highly atypical cells with anisonucleosis and dense cytoplasm and focal microacini...
July 7, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Kate Coffey, Kezia Gaitskell, Valerie Beral, Karen Canfell, Jane Green, Gillian Reeves, Isobel Barnes
BACKGROUND: Vulval cancer predominantly affects postmenopausal women. A smaller proportion of vulval cancers, particularly at older ages, are now thought to be associated with human papillomavirus infection than previously reported, but other risk factors have not been well examined in prospective cohort studies. METHODS: A total of 1.3 million women aged 49-65 years were followed for incident vulval cancer (ICD-10 C51). Adjusted Cox regression models were used to examine the relationship between reproductive and lifestyle factors and risk of vulval cancer...
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Josefa E O Vella, Raji Ganesan, Lynn Hirschowitz
Review of pulmonary biopsies received by Birmingham Women's Hospital to identify which gynecologic tumors most commonly metastasize to lung or pleura, and which may first present with pulmonary metastases. We reviewed all pulmonary biopsies over a 14-yr period. There were 25 lung and 9 pleural biopsies, from 33 patients. Twenty-one patients had known gynecologic tumors (1 vulval, 1 cervical, 9 endometrial, 4 uterine mesenchymal, and 6 ovarian). Eighteen of the 21 biopsies had been referred from other hospitals; in 4 cases review lead to an altered diagnosis...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Jean Bouquet de Jolinière, F Khomsi, J M Gothuey, L Guillou, A Fadhlaoui, J B Dubuisson, A Feki
Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva is a rare lesion (1). Affecting essentially postmenopausal women, this lesion is a distinct and particular entity in vulval carcinoma classification and its scalability is uncertain and unpredictable. Here, we present a case concerning a 48-year-old patient, without follow-up after a condyloma acuminate of the vulva (large left lip). The origin of this case will be discussed in this article. The treatment decided was only surgical. A review of literature shows the rarity of this lesion of the female genital tract...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
Henriëtte S de Bruijn, Sander Brooks, Angélique van der Ploeg-van den Heuvel, Timo L M Ten Hagen, Ellen R M de Haas, Dominic J Robinson
BACKGROUND: Light fractionation significantly increases the efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) based photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the nano-emulsion based gel formulation BF-200. PDT using BF-200 ALA has recently been clinically approved and is under investigation in several phase III trials for the treatment of actinic keratosis. This study is the first to compare BF-200 ALA with ALA in preclinical models. RESULTS: In hairless mouse skin there is no difference in the temporal and spatial distribution of protoporphyrin IX determined by superficial imaging and fluorescence microscopy in frozen sections...
2016: PloS One
Hua Tu, He Huang, Jihong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the clinical value of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of vulva. METHODS: Cochrane library, biomedical database (EMbase), PubMed, China national knowledge internet (CNKI), Wang Fang database, «Gynecologic Oncology», «National Medical Journal of China» and «Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology» were searched for literatures from 1990 to 2014 concerning SLNB application in early-stage vulvar squamous cell carcinoma...
September 1, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Anirudha Rajguru, Alexandra Moulla, Adeyemi Ogunremi, Lakshmi Venkatraman, W Glenn McCluggage, Anitha G Nayar
Microglandular adenosis of the breast is an uncommon lesion which can mimic tubular carcinoma. It is composed of small round tubules lined by a single layer of flat or cuboidal epithelial cells, often with eosinophilic colloid-like material within the lumen. The absence of a myoepithelial cell layer and preservation of basement membrane around the tubules are characteristic features. We report the first case of a vulval "neoplasm" in a 60-yr-old woman showing features identical to microglandular adenosis of the breast except for the presence of an unusual chondromyxoid stroma...
March 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
M Toby, K Conway, G Sethi, F Lewis
BACKGROUND: Usual or undifferentiated type vulval intraepithelial neoplasia is more common in young women and is usually associated with high-risk human papilloma virus infection. It is associated with the development of basaloid or warty squamous cell carcinoma. Studies have shown that HIV-positive women have an increased risk of VIN and invasive vulval carcinoma but there is a paucity of data about this cohort of women. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features and treatment response of HIV-positive women diagnosed with vulval intraepithelial neoplasia in a specialist vulval dermatology clinic...
October 14, 2015: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Anji Reddy Kallam
An unusual case of Acquired Total vulval synechia due to vulvar Lichen planus is reported in an 18-year-old girl, which is an extremely rare condition. It has a potential for producing extensive scarring and narrowing of introitus resulting in dyspareunia and rarely carcinoma of vulva. Successful surgical management of total vulvar synechiae in patient suffering from Lichen Planus is being reported.
April 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Shiho Asaka, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Kenji Sano, Hisashi Uhara, Takayuki Honda, Hiroyoshi Ota
We report a case of vulval extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) with dermal invasion showing mucinous carcinoma (MC). An 80-year-old woman presented with vulvar itching and pain. A physical examination showed a pigmented vulvar, perianal erythematous plague, and a subcutaneous nodule in the left major labia. No internal malignancy, such as colorectal or genitourinary carcinoma, was identified in any of the clinical examinations. A histological examination of the resected specimen revealed Pagetoid tumor cells that had spread widely through the epidermis and invaded the dermis forming a solid nest with mucous lake-like MC...
July 2015: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Hyun H Han, Daiwon Jun, Bommie F Seo, Suk-Ho Moon, Deuk Y Oh, Sang T Ahn, Jong-Won Rhie
Various skin tumours such as squamous cell carcinoma and extramammary Paget's disease can occur in the vulval area, and reconstruction of the vulval area can be a very challenging task. A retrospective analysis of vulvar reconstruction using the new method 'internal pudendal perforator artery-based gull wing flap' was performed from April 2012 to December 2013. A perforator vessel from the internal pudendal artery was detected with a portable Doppler and marked, and this was the pivot point around which the flap was rotated...
October 2016: International Wound Journal
D Shrestha, K D Bista, M Singh, N Ojha, S Rajbhandari
Genital myiasis is a very rare entity associated with poor personal hygiene, restricted mobility, and immunosuppressed status and ulcerating lesions. With the reported incidence of only 0.7%, only a few cases have been published so far in literature but none from Nepal. Despite such rare occurrence, we present here two such cases which we encountered in an interval of three days; one in an unmarried teenager and another in a postmenopausal lady with fungating ulcerative growth of vulval carcinoma. Both were successfully managed...
May 2014: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
L W Gustafson, Melina Gade, Jan Blaakær
A woman diagnosed with a recurrent vulval carcinoma after initial treatment with radiochemotherapy is presented. After three additional relapses she was vaccinated with Gardasil. She has had no relapses in her vulvar area for 39 months and an overall progression-free survival of almost 24 months.
December 2014: Clinical Case Reports
Ying Jia, Jin Wu, Man Xu, Liangdan Tang, Chengzhi Li, Ming Luo, Meng Lou
OBJECTIVES: Focused ultrasound waves penetrate superficial tissues and are aimed toward the target tissues at specific depths to exert their biological effects. Focused ultrasound has been applied for a number of clinical indications, including vulval dystrophies and low-grade vulval disease. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of focused ultrasound treatment of high-grade vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN). METHODS: Eighteen women with high-grade VIN were recruited and treated with focused ultrasound...
November 2014: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Sven Mahner, Linn Wölber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Lancet Oncology
Amanda Tristram, Christopher N Hurt, Tracie Madden, Ned Powell, Stephen Man, Sam Hibbitts, Peter Dutton, Sadie Jones, Andrew J Nordin, Raj Naik, Alison Fiander, Gareth Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Vulval intraepithelial neoplasia is a skin disorder affecting the vulva that, if left untreated, can become cancerous. Currently, the standard treatment for patients with vulval intraepithelial neoplasia is surgery, but this approach does not guarantee cure and can be disfiguring, causing physical and psychological problems, particularly in women of reproductive age. We aimed to assess the activity, safety, and feasibility of two topical treatments--cidofovir and imiquimod--as an alternative to surgery in female patients with vulval intraepithelial neoplasia...
November 2014: Lancet Oncology
Poornima Nagaraj, Shobhana Sivathanu, Sowmya Sampath, Nithiyanantham Ramakrishnan
A 9-year-old girl presented with failure to thrive, chronic mucopurulent nasal discharge, recurrent skin pustules and recurrent episodes of purulent ear discharge since 2 years of age. She had coarse facial features with extensive eczema, multiple pyoderma scars, florid dental caries, retained primary dentition, hypermobile joints and a woody induration of the vulva. Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome was suspected and confirmed by very high serum IgE levels. Vulval biopsy revealed a premalignant condition...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Dean Bryant, Tiffany Onions, Rachel Raybould, Sadie Jones, Amanda Tristram, Samantha Hibbitts, Alison Fiander, Ned Powell
BACKGROUND: Methylation of HPV16 DNA is a promising biomarker for triage of HPV positive cervical screening samples but the biological basis for the association between HPV-associated neoplasia and increased methylation is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether HPV16 DNA methylation was associated with viral integration, and investigate the relationships between viral DNA methylation, integration and gene expression. STUDY DESIGN: HPV16 DNA methylation, integration and gene expression were assessed using pyrosequencing, ligation-mediated PCR and QPCR, in biopsies from 25 patients attending a specialist vulval neoplasia clinic and in short-term clonal cell lines derived from vulval and vaginal neoplasia...
November 2014: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Leonardo Micheletti, Mario Preti
The standard radical mutilating surgery for the treatment of invasive vulval carcinoma is, today, being replaced by a conservative and individualised approach. Surgical conservative modifications that are currently considered safe, regarding vulval lesion, are separate skin vulval-groin incisions, drawn according to the lesion diameter, and wide local radical excision or partial radical vulvectomy with 1-2 cm of clinically clear surgical margins. Regarding inguinofemoral lymph nodes management, surgical conservative modifications not compromising patient survival are omission of groin lymphadenectomy only when tumour stromal invasion is ≤ 1 mm, unilateral groin lymphadenectomy only in well-lateralised early lesions and total or radical inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy with preservation of femoral fascia when full groin resection is needed...
October 2014: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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