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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810997/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-saudi-arabian-soldier-stationed-in-the-united-states
#1
Kelly Laurent, Jason Susong, Eric Fillman, Simon Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease seen in many parts of the world, especially in areas where current U.S. and international forces are deployed. Approximately 350 million people are thought to be at risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an annual incidence of 1.5 million cases. Over 90% of cutaneous infections with Leishmania occur in the Middle East, Brazil, and Peru. Outbreaks of CL may occur in military personnel deployed to endemic areas. Since the incubation period for symptomatic CL ranges from weeks to months, symptoms may not appear until well after returning to the United States...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#2
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793130/time-trends-in-physical-activity-of-adult-users-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system-2010-2014-longitudinal-study
#3
Bruna Camilo Turi, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Kyle Robinson Lynch, Eduardo Kokubun, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In this longitudinal study, we aimed to describe time trends of physical activity (PA) in different domains from 2010 to 2014 among users of the Brazilian National Health System, taking into account the effects of sex, age and economic status (ES). DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil. METHODS: The sample was composed of 620 men and women who were interviewed in 2010, 2012 and 2014...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#4
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793079/-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-in-dentistry-in-the-unified-health-system-sus-an-integrative-systematic-review
#5
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Leila Bernarda Donato Gottems
Secondary care in dentistry in Brazil has scarce and broadly underutilized resources. The challenge is to organize the interface between primary health care (PHC) and secondary care in order to consolidate the population's access to specialist dental care in the Unified Health System (SUS). This article seeks to analyze national publications in Portuguese and English on the interface between secondary health care and primary health care in dentistry from the perspective of comprehensive care in the SUS. It is an integrative review, considering the publications of the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, PubMed (International Literature on Health Sciences) and GOOGLE SCHOLAR...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793026/epidemiological-study-of-scorpion-stings-in-the-rio-grande-do-norte-state-northeastern-brazil
#6
Kaliany Adja Medeiros de Araújo, Aluska Vieira Tavares, Michael Radan de Vasconcelos Marques, Alecxandro Alves Vieira, Renner de Souza Leite
This communication is a retrospective epidemiological study of the scorpion sting cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil. The data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte State. A total of 20,555 cases were studied. The cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in urban areas. Victims were predominantly 20-29 year-old women. Most victims were stung on the foot and received medical care within 1-3 h after being stung...
August 7, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793021/the-epidemiology-of-snakebite-in-the-rio-grande-do-norte-state-northeastern-brazil
#7
Aluska Vieira Tavares, Kaliany Adja Medeiros de Araújo, Michael Radan de Vasconcelos Marques, Alecxandro Alves Vieira, Renner de Souza Leite
This report is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of snakebite cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil. Data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte. A total of 3,019 cases were studied. Cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in rural areas. Snakes of the genus Bothrops, Crotalus, Micrurus, Lachesis and non-venomous snakes were responsible for 1,507, 185, 52, 6 and 673 cases, respectively...
2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780144/report-on-the-midwives-experiences-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system-a-qualitative-research
#8
Nádia Zanon Narchi, Cláudia Medeiros de Castro, Cintia de Freitas Oliveira, Fernanda Tambellini
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experiences of midwives who graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and the characteristics of their work within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). DESIGN: a descriptive, qualitative field study. SETTING: interviews were scheduled by telephone or e-mail and were held with the midwives outside their work environment. Interviews lasted for up to one hour and were recorded. PARTICIPANTS: ten midwives who had graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and were working or had worked in the SUS at the time of the study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771777/high-risk-papillomavirus-infection-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-brazilian-multicentric-study
#9
Angelica E Miranda, Mariangela F Silveira, Ana Gabriela Travassos, Teresinha Tenório, Isabel Cristina Chulvis do Val, Leonor de Lannoy, Hortensio Simões de Mattos Junior, Newton Sergio de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is an important health issue in Latin America. Although HPV infections can have spontaneous clearance, persistence of high-risk (HR) HPV is a risk factor for cervical cancer among women and it is even higher in HIV-infected women. OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of HR-HPV and risk factors among HIV-infected women attending reference services for HIV/AIDS in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted among HIV-infected women attended at referral care centers for HIV/AIDS in nine states of Brazil...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767976/chikungunya-virus-clinical-aspects-and-treatment-a-review
#10
Rivaldo V da Cunha, Karen S Trinta
Chikungunya is a severe and debilitating disease. Currently, Brazil is experiencing an epidemic caused by three arboviruses, which has changed the way health professionals have diagnosed and treated infected patients. The difficulty of diagnosis and the lack of a protocol for patient treatment, which fits Brazilian health system models, have made it difficult to manage this disease. It is necessary to implement a multidisciplinary network of patient care, in which primary care units play the main role. This review aims to present current information regarding the clinical aspects and treatment of Chikungunya virus infection...
August 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767961/-use-of-industrial-liquid-silicone-to-transform-the-body-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-its-use-among-transvestites-and-transsexual-women-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#11
Thiago Pestana Pinto, Flavia do Bonsucesso Teixeira, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Ricardo Barbosa Martins, Gustavo Santa Roza Saggese, Daniel Dutra de Barros, Maria Amelia de Sousa Mascena Veras
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of use of industrial liquid silicone (ILS) among transvestite persons and transsexual women and identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in seven municipalities in São Paulo State, Brazil, with data collected in 2014 and 2015 in a sample of 576 individuals. Analysis of the associated factors used a Poisson model with robust variance to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios. Prevalence of use of ILS was 49%, mean age at first injection of ILS was 22 (± 5...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767813/-new-changes-old-systems-health-policies-in-mexico-and-colombia-in-the-21st-century
#12
Monica Uribe-Gómez
Recent years have witnessed discussion on the need for changes in the health systems of Latin America. This initiative, spearheaded once again by the World Bank as Universal Health Coverage, focuses on strategies for protection against financial risks and unified access to essential services and medicines. Although the World Bank approaches have been incorporated in different ways by the region's countries since the 1980s, there have also been important breaks with this trend, for example in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Ecuador, which have sought at different times to implement policies and programs emphasizing non-market-driven values...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751987/hypertension-management-in-brazil-usual-practice-in-primary-care-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Rafael V Picon, Juvenal S Dias-da-Costa, Flavio D Fuchs, Maria Teresa A Olinto, Niteesh K Choudhry, Sandra C Fuchs
Knowing the usual clinical practice is relevant for evaluations in health care and economic policies of management of hypertension. This study aimed to describe the usual management of hypertension in the Brazilian primary healthcare system through a systematic review and meta-analysis. The search of population-based studies conducted in Brazil was undertaken using PubMed, EMBASE, and Brazilian databases. Eligible studies were those conducted in adults with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140/90 mmHg or using BP lowering drugs)...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746526/the-impact-of-asthma-in-brazil-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-data-from-a-brazilian-national-database-system
#14
Thiago de Araujo Cardoso, Cristian Roncada, Emerson Rodrigues da Silva, Leonardo Araujo Pinto, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbon Stein, Paulo Márcio Pitrez
Objective: To present official longitudinal data on the impact of asthma in Brazil between 2008 and 2013. Methods: This was a descriptive study of data collected between 2008 and 2013 from an official Brazilian national database, including data on asthma-related number of hospitalizations, mortality, and hospitalization costs. A geographical subanalysis was also performed. Results: In 2013, 2,047 people died from asthma in Brazil (5 deaths/day), with more than 120,000 asthma-related hospitalizations...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743362/critical-revision-of-the-medical-treatment-of-gout-in-brazil
#15
Valderilio Feijó Azevedo, Maicon Piana Lopes, Nathan Marostica Catholino, Eduardo Dos Santos Paiva, Vitor Andrei Araújo, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro
Gout is considered the most common form of inflammatory arthritis in men over 40 years. The authors present a brief review of the current treatment of gout and discuss the existing pharmacological limitations in Brazil for the treatment of this disease. Although allopurinol is still the main drug administered for decreasing serum levels of uric acid in gout patients in this country, the authors also present data that show a great opportunity for the Brazilian drug market for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout and especially for patients using private and public (SUS) health care systems...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724420/legal-access-to-medications-a-threat-to-brazil-s-public-health-system
#16
Ana Luiza Chieffi, Rita De Cassia Barata Barradas, Moisés Golbaum
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, health is fundamental human right guaranteed by the Constitution of 1988, which created the Brazilian Universal Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS). The SUS provides medications for outpatient care via policy of pharmaceutical assistance (PA) programmes. Despite the advances in PA policies which include the improvement in access to medications, there has been a significant increase in lawsuits related to health products and services. This study aimed to characterize the medication processes filed between 2010 and 2014 against the Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo (State Health Department of São Paulo - SES/SP), in Brazil, following PA policies...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724010/management-of-primary-care-a-challenge-for-international-cooperation-in-health
#17
Luiz Eduardo Fonseca, Maria Cristina Botelho de Figueiredo, Celina Santos Boga Marques Porto
The need to resolve immediate problems in basic healthcare systems and the decisions that must be made in the daily management of healthcare centers must reach beyond awareness of common sense, and be reinforced by the evidence sought in scientific knowledge that will provide a new look at the facts and phenomena that happen on a daily basis. This article examines an experience of triangular cooperation in health between Angola, Brazil and Japan, which took place in Luanda, Angola between 2011 and 2014. The "Project to Strengthen the Healthcare Through the Development of Human Resources at the Josina Hospital and in other Healthcare Services, and to Revitalize Primary Healthcare in Angola (ProForsa)", with the involvement of Fiocruz as the party executing the primary healthcare component...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718492/-hiv-and-syphilis-coinfection-in-pregnancy-and-vertical-hiv-transmission-a-study-based-on-epidemiological-surveillance-data
#18
Lisiane M W Acosta, Tonantzin Ribeiro Gonçalves, Nêmora Tregnago Barcellos
Objective: To estimate the rate of HIV and syphilis coinfection among pregnant women living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, as well as the association of coinfection with vertical HIV transmission and socioeconomic variables. Method: This analytical retrospective cross-sectional study employed data from the regular epidemiological surveillance system for the period from 2010 to 2013. Data were obtained regarding pregnant women with HIV and exposed children, syphilis in pregnancy, and congenital syphilis...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718491/-hiv-aids-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-assessing-the-quality-of-the-available-information
#19
Maria Quitéria Batista Meirelles, Ana Karla Bezerra Lopes, Kenio Costa Lima
Objective: To analyze the quality of the information available in the Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) regarding pregnant women with HIV/AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2007 and 2014. Method: The quality of information was analyzed based on completeness (percentage of fields containing values that were not null) of fields (sociodemographic information, epidemiologic maternal history, pre-natal care, and delivery) and on the existence of discrepancy between the data sources analyzed (Natal and Mossoró municipal departments of health, state department of health, and Unified Health System information database, DATASUS)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717753/surgery-for-cns-tumors-in-the-brazilian-national-health-care-system
#20
Luciola Pontes, Maryam Nemati Shafaee, Benjamin Haaland, Gilberto Lopes
PURPOSE: Resource limitations in low- and middle-income countries make the management of CNS tumors challenging, particularly in Brazil, a country with major disparities in socioeconomic status and access to health care. We aimed to evaluate cancer-related neurosurgical procedures in the public health care system. METHODS: On the basis of Brazil's public health system database, we collected data for neurosurgical procedures related to CNS tumors performed between January 2008 and November 2013...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
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