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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933701/a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-of-medication-use-among-persons-with-a-gastrointestinal-stoma
#1
Bianca Augusta Pereira de Paula, Geisa Cristina da Silva Alves, Álvaro PercÍnio, Mariana Linhares Pereira, Juliano Teixeira Moraes, Cristina Sanches
Research on the use of medications in people with intestinal stomas is lacking, creating gaps in knowledge of pharmacoepidemiology in these patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted over a period of 4 months in Divinópolis, Brazil to describe the profile of medication use among people enrolled in the Health Support Service for People with Stoma - Level II (SSPS II) of a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All patients from SSPS II with a colostomy or ileostomy were invited by phone to participate; those with incomplete registration data and/or who were <18 years old, hospitalized for any reason, or had their stoma reversed were excluded from participation...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902268/cystic-echinococcosis-in-south-america-a-call-for-action
#2
Carlos F Pavletic, Edmundo Larrieu, Eduardo A Guarnera, Natalia Casas, Pilar Irabedra, Ciro Ferreira, Julio Sayes, Cesar M Gavidia, Eduardo Caldas, Michael Laurence Zini Lise, Melody Maxwell, Marcos Arezo, Ana Maria Navarro, Marco A N Vigilato, Ottorino Cosivi, Marcos Espinal, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, a parasitic zoonosis caused by a cestode of the family Taeniidae, species Echinococcus granulosus, is endemic in Argentina, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. This report presents CE figures for these five countries in 2009 - 2014 and proposes indicators to measure national control programs. Nearly 5 000 new CE cases were diagnosed annually in the five countries during the study period. The average case fatality rate was 2.9%, which suggests that CE led to approximately 880 deaths in these countries during the 6-year period...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859102/factors-associated-with-last-dental-visit-or-not-to-visit-the-dentist-by-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#3
Emílio P da Fonseca, Antonio C Frias, Fábio L Mialhe, Antonio C Pereira, Marcelo de C Meneghim
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the factors associated with no dental visit within the last two years by adolescents in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by using data from the Oral Health Conditions of São Paulo state population Project (SBSP-2015) conducted in 2015. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to higher years residing in São Paulo State. The examiners were calibrated and dental visits were measured categorically as 1- Less than 1 year, 2- One to two years, 3 - Three years or more, 4- I have never visited the dentist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841854/distribution-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotypes-in-the-northeast-macro-region-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-after-the-introduction-of-conjugate-vaccine
#4
Marta Inês Cazentini Medeiros, Samanta Cristine Grassi Almeida, Maria Luiza Leopoldo Silva Guerra, Paulo da Silva, Ana Maria Machado Carneiro, Denise de Andrade
BACKGROUND: Infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) still challenge health systems around the world, even with advances in vaccination programs. The present study evaluated the frequency of various Spn serotypes isolated in Regional Health Care Network 13 (RRAS 13), which includes the regional health departments (RHDs) of Araraquara, Barretos, Franca and Ribeirão Preto, especially after the introduction of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) in 2010. METHODS: The analyzed Spn strains were isolated from patients with invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPDs) and then sent to Adolfo Lutz Institute (ALI) for further confirmative identification tests during the period from 1998 to 2013...
August 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832856/hospitalizations-for-primary-care-sensitive-conditions-in-pelotas-brazil-1998-to-2012
#5
Juvenal Soares Dias da Costa, Ana Maria Ferreira Borges Teixeira, Mauricio Moraes, Eliane Schneider Strauch, Denise Silva da Silveira, Maria Laura Vidal Carret, Everton Fantinel
Objective: To verify the hospitalization trend for primary care sensitive-conditions in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil from 1998 to 2012. Methods: An ecological study compared hospitalizations rates of the city of Pelotas with the rest of state of Rio Grande do Sul. Analysis was conducted using direct standardization of rates, coefficients were stratified by sex and the Poisson regression was used. Results: Hospitalizations for sensitive conditions decreased in Pelotas and Rio Grande do Sul...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832805/clinical-and-epidemiological-profile-of-tuberculosis-in-an-urban-area-with-high-human-development-index-in-southeastern-brazil-time-series-study
#6
Rodolpho Telarolli, Leonor Castro Monteiro Loffredo, Rosangela Maria Gasparetto
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In the twenty-first century, tuberculosis remains a serious public health problem in Brazil. The aim here was to characterize tuberculosis in a municipality with a high human development index (HDI), based on clinical and epidemiological variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Epidemiological study with analysis of incidence that included 533 new cases of tuberculosis in the municipality of Araraquara, São Paulo, reported to the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) between 2002 and 2011...
August 21, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832773/-optimistic-perspectives-in-communicating-difficult-news-on-fetal-development
#7
Ana Cristina Ostermann, Minéia Frezza, Rafael Machado Rosa
Communicating diagnostic news in health contexts is a potentially difficult event for all parties involved. However, despite this task's presence in the physician-patient context, it is rarely addressed during clinical training. The current study thus aimed to describe and evaluate how difficult news can be toned down during genetic counseling sessions involving cases of fetal syndromes and/or malformations. The study analyzed 33 naturalistic interactions (i.e. real situations), taped and transcribed, according to the theoretical and methodological perspective of Conversation Analysis, with an ethnomethodological basis...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832759/spatial-patterns-of-preventable-perinatal-mortality-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#8
Rita de Cássia de Sousa Nascimento, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Costa, José Uéleres Braga, Márcio Santos da Natividade
OBJECTIVE: To identify the spatial distribution patterns and areas of higher risk of preventable perinatal mortality in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: We carried out a spatial aggregated study in 2007, considering the weighting areas (census tracts contiguous sets) of Salvador, of which the center and north present low life conditions. Data were obtained from national vital statistics systems and the 2010 Census. Addresses of live births and stillbirths were geocoded by weighting area...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832755/assessment-in-the-primary-care-of-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-incipient-actions-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#9
Mariana Arantes Nasser, Maria Ines Battistella Nemes, Marta Campagnoni Andrade, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Elen Rose Lodeiro Castanheira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess performance in sexual and reproductive health of primary health care services of the Brazilian Unified Health System, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: An evaluative framework was built for sexual and reproductive health with the categorization of 99 indicators in three domains: sexual and reproductive health promotion (25), sexually transmitted infections/AIDS prevention and care (43), and reproductive health care (31)...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830604/blood-injection-fear-scale-portuguese-version-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-large-sample-of-primary-health-care-users
#10
Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez
BACKGROUND: Blood/injection phobia may have important consequences for health. These phobic individuals, in most cases, avoid contact with health systems, postpone or avoid medical procedures, avoid invasive treatments and do not participate in health promotion and early detection of disease initiatives such as vaccination, consultations, preventive exams or blood donation. Thus, specific and validated instruments are necessary to assess this variable. In addition, a lack of studies on this theme may be associated with the low availability of instruments...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830529/oral-hygiene-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-photodynamic-therapy-study-protocol-for-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Gabriela Alves Da Collina, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini-Horliana, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Priscila Larcher Longo, Maria Luisa Faria Makabe, Christiane Pavani
BACKGROUND: In intensive care units (ICUs), nosocomial infections are prevalent conditions and they have been related to high mortality indexes. Some studies have suggested that inefficient oral hygiene and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are related. Nowadays, in the Brazilian public health system there is no well-defined protocol for oral hygiene in an ICU. Due to the drawbacks of the use of antibiotics, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as an interesting technique in order to reduce antimicrobial-resistant pathogens...
August 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828880/critical-reflections-on-a-visit-to-an-inner-city-primary-health-care-clinic-in-rio-de-janeiro
#12
Louis S Jenkins, Marcos A Goldraich
INTRODUCTION: Brazil and South Africa share many sociodemographic and health features that provide many learning opportunities. Brazil's national health system, the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) prioritises primary health care since 1994, the year democracy came to South Africa. Two family physicians from these countries met in Rocinha favela in Rio de Janeiro, a densely populated area where poverty, danger, drugs, tuberculosis and mental illness are the focus of the health system.Maria do Socorro Family Clinic: Central to the SUS are the Family Health Teams, consisting of community health workers, nurses, doctors and allied health workers...
July 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810997/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-saudi-arabian-soldier-stationed-in-the-united-states
#13
Kelly Laurent, Jason Susong, Eric Fillman, Simon Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease seen in many parts of the world, especially in areas where current U.S. and international forces are deployed. Approximately 350 million people are thought to be at risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an annual incidence of 1.5 million cases. Over 90% of cutaneous infections with Leishmania occur in the Middle East, Brazil, and Peru. Outbreaks of CL may occur in military personnel deployed to endemic areas. Since the incubation period for symptomatic CL ranges from weeks to months, symptoms may not appear until well after returning to the United States...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#14
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793130/time-trends-in-physical-activity-of-adult-users-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system-2010-2014-longitudinal-study
#15
Bruna Camilo Turi, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Kyle Robinson Lynch, Eduardo Kokubun, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In this longitudinal study, we aimed to describe time trends of physical activity (PA) in different domains from 2010 to 2014 among users of the Brazilian National Health System, taking into account the effects of sex, age and economic status (ES). DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil. METHODS: The sample was composed of 620 men and women who were interviewed in 2010, 2012 and 2014...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#16
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793079/-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-in-dentistry-in-the-unified-health-system-sus-an-integrative-systematic-review
#17
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Leila Bernarda Donato Gottems
Secondary care in dentistry in Brazil has scarce and broadly underutilized resources. The challenge is to organize the interface between primary health care (PHC) and secondary care in order to consolidate the population's access to specialist dental care in the Unified Health System (SUS). This article seeks to analyze national publications in Portuguese and English on the interface between secondary health care and primary health care in dentistry from the perspective of comprehensive care in the SUS. It is an integrative review, considering the publications of the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, PubMed (International Literature on Health Sciences) and GOOGLE SCHOLAR...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793026/epidemiological-study-of-scorpion-stings-in-the-rio-grande-do-norte-state-northeastern-brazil
#18
Kaliany Adja Medeiros de Araújo, Aluska Vieira Tavares, Michael Radan de Vasconcelos Marques, Alecxandro Alves Vieira, Renner de Souza Leite
This communication is a retrospective epidemiological study of the scorpion sting cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil. The data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte State. A total of 20,555 cases were studied. The cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in urban areas. Victims were predominantly 20-29 year-old women. Most victims were stung on the foot and received medical care within 1-3 h after being stung...
August 7, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793021/the-epidemiology-of-snakebite-in-the-rio-grande-do-norte-state-northeastern-brazil
#19
Aluska Vieira Tavares, Kaliany Adja Medeiros de Araújo, Michael Radan de Vasconcelos Marques, Alecxandro Alves Vieira, Renner de Souza Leite
This report is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of snakebite cases recorded from 2007 to 2014 in the Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil. Data was collected from the Injury Notification Information System database of the Health Department of Rio Grande do Norte. A total of 3,019 cases were studied. Cases were distributed over all months of the period studied and occurred mainly in rural areas. Snakes of the genus Bothrops, Crotalus, Micrurus, Lachesis and non-venomous snakes were responsible for 1,507, 185, 52, 6 and 673 cases, respectively...
2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780144/report-on-the-midwives-experiences-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system-a-qualitative-research
#20
Nádia Zanon Narchi, Cláudia Medeiros de Castro, Cintia de Freitas Oliveira, Fernanda Tambellini
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experiences of midwives who graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and the characteristics of their work within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). DESIGN: a descriptive, qualitative field study. SETTING: interviews were scheduled by telephone or e-mail and were held with the midwives outside their work environment. Interviews lasted for up to one hour and were recorded. PARTICIPANTS: ten midwives who had graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and were working or had worked in the SUS at the time of the study...
October 2017: Midwifery
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