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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646713/substance-use-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-agreement-between-medical-records-and-the-assist-questionnaire
#1
Iona K Machado, Paula M Luz, Jordan E Lake, Rodolfo Castro, Luciane Velasque, Jesse L Clark, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Raquel B De Boni
BACKGROUND: Substance use assessment is a challenge in busy clinical settings that may adversely affect HIV-infected persons. This study aimed to evaluate agreement between the medical chart and a standardized substance use screening questionnaire. METHODS: Of adults (n=1050) in HIV care in Rio de Janeiro who completed the World Health Organization's Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), we randomly selected 200 participants for medical chart review...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640331/health-needs-of-street-market-saleswomen-access-connection-and-welcoming-as-integral-practices
#2
Ana Hirley Rodrigues Magalhães, José Reginaldo Feijão Parente, Maria Adelane Monteiro da Silva, Ivna de Holanda Pereira, Maristela Inês Osawa Vasconcelos, Raquel Xavier Guimarães
Objective: To analyze the health needs of street market saleswomen of the Mercado Público (Public Market) of a municipality in Northeastern Brazil. Method: Qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study, with fifteen saleswomen in a public market. Data production means included semi-structured interviews, April-May 2016. Results: Data were analyzed using the analysis of technical content technique, from which the following theme category emerged: "Access needs to health services and professional humanized practices...
June 5, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626850/prescribing-indicators-in-primary-health-care-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-associated-factors
#3
Marina Guimarães Lima, Kátia Reis Dutra, Ursula Carolina Morais Martins
Background The prescription is one of the factors that influences rational use of medicines. The evaluation of prescribing indicators should contribute to organization of primary health care services. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate prescribing indicators and associated factors in primary health care in the northeast health district, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Setting Twenty primary health care units in the Northeast Health District, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Method The study was cross sectional...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622111/caregiving-for-the-elderly-person-discourses-embedded-in-the-brazilian-practical-guide-for-the-caregiver
#4
Meiriel Tavares Araujo, Isabela Cancio Velloso, Christine Ceci, Mary Ellen Purkis
It is estimated that in 2025, Brazil will have the sixth largest elderly population in the world. Beyond the economic consequences of this projection, this changing demographic portends significant changes in the social realm. The aim of this study was to review and consider a range of government documents directed towards elderly Brazilian citizens that have been developed over the past thirty years to explore the ways that caregivers of older persons are positioned in daily care practices through the discourses such documents deploy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619415/international-travelers-sociodemographic-health-and-travel-characteristics-an-italian-study
#5
Gianmarco Troiano, Astrid Mercone, Alessandra Bagnoli, Nicola Nante
BACKGROUND: Approximately the 8% of travelers requires medical care, with the diagnosis of a vaccine-preventable disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the socio-demographic, health and travel characteristics of the Italian international travelers. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study from January 2015 to June 2016, at the Travel Medicine Clinic of Siena, asking the doctor to interview patients who attended the Clinic, recording socio-demographic and travel information, malaria prophylaxis, vaccinations...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614523/intra-urban-differences-in-rates-of-admissions-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-in-brazil-s-center-west-region
#6
Alessandro Leonardo Alvares Magalhães, Otaliba Libânio de Morais
Admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) represent a useful indicator of assess to and the effectiveness of primary health care. This article examined rates of admissions for ACSCs and the main causes of admissions in intra-urban areas of the municipality of Goiânia, capital of the State of Goiás. An ecological study was conducted to determine rates of admissions in Goiânia's seven health districts between 2008 and 2013 using data from Hospital Admission Authorization forms obtained from the municipality's Hospital Information System...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614519/historical-and-cultural-aspects-of-the-provision-of-care-at-an-indigenous-healthcare-service-facility
#7
Aridiane Alves Ribeiro, Cássia Irene Spinelli Arantes, Dulce Maria Rosa Gualda, Lídia Aparecida Rossi
This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614518/rationalization-and-sensemaking-in-care-management-an-experience-of-change-in-a-hospital-of-the-sus-unified-health-system
#8
Creuza da Silva Azevedo, Marilene de Castilho Sá, Marcela Cunha, Gustavo Correa Matta, Lilian Miranda, Victor Grabois
This study aimed to analyze organizational processes of change in the hospital care management by using qualitative evaluation developed in the case study. The study was developed at the Hospital Fornecedores de Cana de Piracicaba, in São Paulo State, Brazil, in September and October of 2012. There were 25 interviews with members of the senior board of directors of the hospital, managers and health professionals linked to healthcare of adults, in addition to the analysis of managerial documents and observations of some activities...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614512/sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-young-people-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Stella Regina Taquette, Denise Leite Maia Monteiro, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Riva Rozenberg, Daniela Contage Siccardi Menezes, Adriana de Oliveira Rodrigues, José Augusto Sapienza Ramos
We aimed to analyze the geographic distribution, the structure of healthcare services and the human resources of all units of the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS - the Unified Health System) that provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services to the adolescent population in the second largest city in Brazil. We conducted a cross-sectional study with geographical mapping and data collection through a questionnaire applied in person with coordinators of the units or their representatives in 147 outpatient clinics in Rio de Janeiro that have SSR services...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614508/performance-of-primary-health-care-according-to-pcatool-instrument-a-systematic-review
#10
Mariana Louzada Prates, Juliana Costa Machado, Luciana Saraiva da Silva, Patrícia Silva Avelar, Luciana Louzada Prates, Erica Toledo de Mendonça, Glauce Dias da Costa, Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta
This study aims to analyze studies that evaluated the performance of Primary Health Care (PHC) services by using the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCATool) under a worldwide user perspective. This is a systematic review that implemented the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) model, from the following databases: Lilacs, Medline, SciELO, PubMed and the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) Journals Website, using descriptors Primary Care Assessment Tool and PCATool...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614504/care-coordination-in-primary-health-care-an-evaluative-study-in-a-municipality-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#11
Italo Ricardo Santos Aleluia, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Patty Fidelis de Almeida, Ana Luiza Queiroz Vilasbôas
International and Brazilian studies have highlighted the importance of the coordination of care for the organization of local health systems. This study aimed to analyze the coordination of care by Primary Health Care (PHC) in a municipal health system in the State of Bahia. This study was conducted in the lead municipality of the macro-region and involved two levels of analysis: PHC team and municipal management. Outlining conditions for the study were defined (hypertension and diabetes mellitus) and an objective image corresponding to the coordination of care was developed based on current national and international literature review...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614503/user-satisfaction-with-primary-health-care-by-region-in-brazil-1st-cycle-of-external-evaluation-from-pmaq-ab
#12
Ane Polline Lacerda Protasio, Luciano Bezerra Gomes, Liliane Dos Santos Machado, Ana Maria Gondim Valença
The National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica, PMAQ-AB) aimed to improve healthcare public service quality and satisfaction of health service users. This study's objective was to identify the main factors influencing user satisfaction with primary care (PC) services by region in Brazil. Using secondary data from the 1st Cycle of PMAQ-AB, logistic regression models were developed by region, with user satisfaction as the dependent variable, as defined by cluster analysis...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614501/the-group-oral-health-movement-in-brazil
#13
Catharina Leite Matos Soares, Jairnilson Silva Paim, Sonia Cristina de Lima Chaves, Thais Regis Aranha Rossi, Sandra Garrido Barros, Denise Nogueira Cruz
Group Oral Health (GOH) is a specific phenomenon in time, separate from other "Alternative Odontology", and a theoretical reference for dental practice in healthcare services. This study is an attempt to understand how long "Alternative Odontology" will remain with the social context of struggling for oral health in Brazil, based on the positions of the founding agents and their precursors, bearing in mind the concepts of GOH, GH (Group Health) and the SUS (Unified Healthcare System). We started out with Pierre Bourdieu's Practice Theory, complemented with Gramsci's concept of hegemony and counter-hegemony...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614500/oral-health-policy-in-brazil-between-2003-and-2014-scenarios-proposals-actions-and-outcomes
#14
Sônia Cristina Lima Chaves, Ana Maria Freire de Lima Almeida, Thaís Regis Aranha Rossi, Sisse Figueiredo de Santana, Sandra Garrido de Barros, Carla Maria Lima Santos
This study examined the implementation of Brazil's National Oral Health Policy by the three governments during the period 2003 to 2014. It provides a general overview of oral health care scenarios and examines institutional proposals and actions developed by the executive branch based on the components of the health care system. A documental analysis was conducted using documents produced by key government agencies. The findings show that there was an increase in the provision and coverage of public dental services between 2003 and 2006 and that rates were maintained to a certain degree in subsequent periods (2007 to 2010 and 2011 to 2014)...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614463/health-technology-assessment-the-process-in-brazil
#15
Fernanda Lessa, Marcos Bosi Ferraz
Objectives: To describe, analyze, and compare the opinions of decisionmakers involved in the health technology assessment (HTA) process in Brazil in 2011. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a structured questionnaire to evaluate the opinions of a convenience sample of health care professionals from both the public and private health care systems (HCS). The survey collected demographic data for each respondent along with their input on national regulations...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614450/classification-systems-for-avoidability-of-infant-deaths-different-methods-different-repercussions
#16
Barbara Almeida Soares Dias, Edson Theodoro Dos Santos, Maria Angélica Carvalho Andrade
The objective of this study was to compare the avoidability of infant deaths according to different classification methods. This was a descriptive comparative study from 2006 to 2013 in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, focusing on the classification of 5,316 infant deaths according to five different methods. The methods of the International Collaborative Effort on Infant Mortality (ICE) and the SEADE Foundation correctly classified the highest proportions of deaths as avoidable versus unavoidable (94.6% and 94...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614449/-evaluation-of-the-healthcare-network-for-persons-with-arterial-hypertension-study-of-a-health-district
#17
Cleuzieli Moraes Dos Santos, Ana Rita Barbieri, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves, Daniel Henrique Tsuha
In the context of public health policies, healthcare network is a strategy that aims to promote people's equitable access to services and to reduce fragmentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of development of components in a healthcare network for hypertension. This was an ex-ante, cross-sectional evaluative study focused on the implementation of a healthcare network for persons with chronic diseases, applying a questionnaire to 17 health administrators from the municipalities (counties) comprising the largest health district in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614437/chronic-disease-in-childhood-and-adolescence-continuity-of-care-in-the-health-care-network
#18
Vanessa Medeiros da Nóbrega, Maria Elizabete de Amorim Silva, Leiliane Teixeira Bento Fernandes, Claudia Silveira Viera, Altamira Pereira da Silva Reichert, Neusa Collet
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the continuity of care for children and adolescents with chronic diseases in the health care network. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted between February and October 2013 with 12 families, six health managers, and 14 health professionals from different health care services in a municipality of the state of Paraíba, Brazil, using focal groups, semi-structured interviews, and medical record consultation. The data were analyzed by triangulation and thematic analysis...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612497/pharmacotherapy-follow-up-role-in-active-malaria-surveillance-in-a-travel-medicine-centre-outside-the-transmission-area-in-brazil
#19
R S Pedro, P Brasil, A Pina-Costa, C R Machado, L S Damasceno, C T Daniel-Ribeiro, L Guaraldo
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Malaria is a potentially severe disease, widespread in tropical and subtropical areas. Apart from parasite drug resistance, which receives the largest share of attention, several factors directly influence the response to antimalarial treatment such as incorrect doses, adverse drug events, lack of adherence to treatment, drug quality and drug-drug interactions. Pharmacotherapy follow-up can be used to monitor and improve the effectiveness of treatment, prevent drug-related problems and ensure patient safety...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604825/burden-and-impact-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-pregnancy-a-multi-centre-prospective-observational-study
#20
Azucena Bardají, Flor Ernestina Martínez-Espinosa, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Norma Padilla, Swati Kochar, Maria Ome-Kaius, Camila Bôtto-Menezes, María Eugenia Castellanos, Dhanpat Kumar Kochar, Sanjay Kumar Kochar, Inoni Betuela, Ivo Mueller, Stephen Rogerson, Chetan Chitnis, Dhiraj Hans, Michela Menegon, Carlo Severini, Hernando Del Portillo, Carlota Dobaño, Alfredo Mayor, Jaume Ordi, Mireia Piqueras, Sergi Sanz, Mats Wahlgren, Laurence Slutsker, Meghna Desai, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Despite that over 90 million pregnancies are at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection annually, little is known about the epidemiology and impact of the infection in pregnancy. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We undertook a health facility-based prospective observational study in pregnant women from Guatemala (GT), Colombia (CO), Brazil (BR), India (IN) and Papua New Guinea PNG). Malaria and anemia were determined during pregnancy and fetal outcomes assessed at delivery...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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