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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526380/comparison-between-two-assessment-tools-for-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-relative-to-the-24-h-recall
#1
Mariana Souza Lopes, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes, Mery Natali Silva Abreu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of methods assessing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake among Brazilian users of the Primary Attention Health Care Program. METHODS: The present study included 299 participants (age ≥20 y) from a representative sample from a randomized controlled community trial performed as part of a health promotion program in a Brazilian metropolis. All participants completed three methods for the assessment of FV consumption: brief questionnaire of FV (QBrief-FV), food frequency questionnaire of FV, and a 24-h dietary recall...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513803/primary-health-care-and-tuberculosis-services-evaluation
#2
Anneliese Domingues Wysocki, Maria Amélia Zanon Ponce, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Ale Beraldo, Silvia Helena Figueiredo Vendramini, Lúcia Marina Scatena, Antonio Ruffino, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
Introduction: In order to control tuberculosis, the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommends the decentralization of control actions directed to the Primary Health Care, and there are few studies on the performance of the Tuberculosis Control Program in decentralized contexts. Objective: To evaluate the performance of Primary Health Care services in tuberculosis treatment. Methods: This is an evaluative study with cross-sectional approach conducted in 2011...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492769/census-of-the-primary-health-care-structure-in-brazil-2012-potential-coverage-estimates
#3
Kátia Crestine Poças, Lúcia Rolim Santana de Freitas, Elisabeth Carmen Duarte
OBJECTIVE: to estimate and discuss selected indicators of Primary Health Care (PHC) structure in Brazil in 2012. METHODS: a descriptive ecological study was carried out using Primary Health Care Centre census data from the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB); potential coverage indicators were estimated for infrastructure, health team composition and services available. RESULTS: the results revealed high coverage (≥70%) in Brazil for Community Health Agents (87...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492756/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-factors-in-brazilian-children
#4
Fabiane Piva, Joanna Tatith Pereira, Patrícia Blaya Luz, Lina Naomi Hashizume, Fernando Neves Hugo, Fernando Borba de Araujo
Early childhood caries (ECC) affects children all over the world and has high prevalence and severity in preschool children. Different social, biological and behavioral factors compose a network of causal factors for ECC. The aim was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic variables and caries at baseline, and the presence of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. microorganisms with the progression of caries lesions after two years of follow-up in a group of children. At baseline, 163 children (3-4 years old) living in the areas of 12 primary care services of the Hospital Group Conceição (GHC, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) were evaluated...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479026/correlates-of-physical-activity-counseling-by-health-providers-to-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-attended-by-the-family-health-strategy-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#5
Jessyka Mary Vasconcelos Barbosa, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Renan Williams Marques Ferreira, Eduardo Maia Freese de Carvalho, Eduarda Angela Pessoa Cesse, Annick Fontbonne
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine correlates of physical activity (PA) counseling by health providers of the Brazilian primary care delivery system, for hypertensive and diabetic subjects, as well as correlates of actual leisure-time PA of these subjects. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in random samples of 785 hypertensive and 822 diabetic subjects, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Relationships between PA counseling and leisure-time PA and explanatory variables were sought through multiple logistic regressions...
May 3, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453116/-expectation-of-brazilian-nurses-about-the-reception-held-at-the-primary-health-care
#6
Paula C Da Costa, Ana P Rigon Francischetti-Garcia, Vanessa Pellegrino-Toledo
Objective: To know the expectations of Brazilians nurses in relation to the reception held for them at the Primary Health Care. Method: This is a qualitative study based on the social phenomenology by Alfred Schutz. Results: The nurses report that the host is something far from their reality, dependent on policy, management, population and physical structure of the workplace. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the reality of care performed by nurses in primary health care is characterized by calls for the evaluation of acute complaints, and that the solution to the host be ideal, providing changes in the relationship between him and the user they require far capabilities of its reality, which was called in this study magic output...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444025/risk-of-misinterpretation-of-trends-in-hospital-admissions-for-primary-care-sensitive-conditions-in-local-contexts-itabora%C3%A3-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil-2006-2011
#7
Janaina Furtado Botelho, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
The study's objectives were to describe hospital admissions for primary care sensitive conditions (PCSCs) among residents of Itaboraí, a municipality in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a high rate of such admissions, to identify associated factors, and to explore the impact from closing a hospital. The ultimate aim was to contribute to the debate on the indicator's indiscriminate use for inferences on the expansion and quality of primary care. The study was based on data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified National Health System...
April 20, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442077/construct-and-discriminant-validity-of-start-back-screening-tool-brazilian-version
#8
Bruna Pilz, Rodrigo A Vasconcelos, Paulo P Teixeira, Wilson Mello, Freddy B Marcondes, Jonathan C Hill, Débora B Grossi
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) was developed to stratify low back pain patients according to their risk of future physical disability so that prognostic subgroups can receive matched treatments in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To measure the construct and discriminative validity of the SBST-Brazil questionnaire. METHOD: A hundred and fifty one patients were recruited to test the construct and discriminative validity comparing the SBST-Brazil to the Brazilian Version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Work (FABQ-W) and Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscales at baseline...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380203/determinants-of-outpatient-expenditure-within-primary-care-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#9
Bruna Camilo Turi, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Flávia Mori Sarti, Nana Kwame Anokye, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: One of the big challenges facing governments worldwide is the financing of healthcare systems. Thus, it is necessary to understand the factors and key components associated with healthcare expenditure. The aim here was to identify demographic, socioeconomic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with direct healthcare expenditure within primary care, among adults attended through the Brazilian National Health System in the city of Bauru. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil...
April 3, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380129/factors-associated-with-user-satisfaction-regarding-treatment-offered-in-brazilian-primary-health-care
#10
Ane Polline Lacerda Protasio, Luciano Bezerra Gomes, Liliane Dos Santos Machado, Ana Maria Gondim Valença
The Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) aimed to improve healthcare public service quality. The purpose of this study was to identify the main factors that influence user satisfaction in Brazilian primary health care services. This research was carried out using secondary data from the first cycle of the PMAQ-AB. A cluster analysis was carried out to find the dependent variable of user satisfaction; and logistic regression was applied in order to obtain the decision model. From the resulting regression model, two factors can be highlighted as regards influencing user satisfaction in Brazil: the user's perception that the team did not attempt to address their needs/problems within the health unit; and the user not feeling respected by the professionals in relation to cultural habits, customs, and religion or only sometimes feeling so...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379410/diagnostic-performance-of-retinal-digital-photography-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-primary-care
#11
Ana P O Rosses, Ângela J Ben, Camila Furtado de Souza, Adriana Skortika, Aline Lutz de Araújo, Gabriela de Carvalho, Franciele Locatelli, Cristina R Neumann
Introduction.: We must study alternatives to structure an effective diabetic retinopathy screening program for Brazilian public health system. Objectives.: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of retinal digital photography for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, accuracy of the family physician in diabetic retinopathy identification compared to the ophthalmologist, and the need for dilation. Methodology.: In a primary care service were performed retinal photographs with non-mydriatic Retinal Camera in 219 type 2 diabetic patients with and without medication mydriasis...
March 30, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355346/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-mental-disorders-in-pregnant-women-in-southern-brazil
#12
Jéssica T A Paskulin, Michele Drehmer, Maria T Olinto, Juliana F Hoffmann, Andréa P Pinheiro, Maria I Schmidt, Maria A Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary patterns and mental disorders among pregnant women in southern Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 712 pregnant women recruited from the Study of Food Intake and Eating Behaviors in Pregnancy (ECCAGe). Food intake assessment was performed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Dietary patterns were identified by cluster analysis. The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) was used to evaluate participants' mental health...
March 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327875/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#13
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302630/prevalence-of-microcephaly-in-eight-south-eastern-and-midwestern-brazilian-neonatal-intensive-care-units-2011-2015
#14
Maria Clara de Magalhães-Barbosa, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Jaqueline Rodrigues Robaina, Carlos Eduardo Raymundo, Fernanda Lima-Setta, Antonio José Ledo Alves da Cunha
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of microcephaly in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in eight private hospitals in south-eastern and midwestern Brazil, from 2011 to 2015. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study in a cohort of neonates. SETTING: Eight private NICUs situated in the cities of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), São Paulo (SP) and Federal District of Brasilia (FDB). PATIENTS: Neonates up to 7 days of age and >23 weeks of gestational age...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301493/obstetrician-s-risk-perception-on-the-prescription-of-magnesium-sulfate-in-severe-preeclampsia-and-eclampsia-a-qualitative-study-in-brazil
#15
Fátima Aparecida Lotufo, Mary Angela Parpinelli, Maria José Osis, Fernanda Garanhani Surita, Maria Laura Costa, José Guilherme Cecatti
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is the drug of choice for the prevention and control of seizures in the management of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia. Several barriers have been identified in the use of MgSO4, especially in low and middle-income settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe the obstetrician's perception on possible reasons for underutilizing magnesium sulfate to treat preeclampsia/eclampsia. METHOD: A qualitative clinical study, based on phenomenological reference by semi-structured interviews and open-ended discussions with obstetricians of the public healthcare system in primary care units (PCU) and referral maternity hospitals (RMH), in a southeastern Brazilian city...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301035/comparison-among-the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-the-return-rate-to-receive-the-pap-test-report-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Thaís Marques Lima, Denise de Fátima Fernandes Barbosa
Objective: to test the effects of a behavioral, an educative and a comparative intervention on women's adherence to the return appointment to receive the pap test report. Methods: randomized controlled clinical trial at a Primary Health Care Service, involving three groups: EG (educative session and test demonstration), BG (recall ribbon) and standard intervention (card containing the return appointment - graphical reminder), called comparative group here (CG). To select the sample, the following was established: having started sexual activity and undergoing the pap smear during the study, resulting in 775 women...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300993/the-use-of-the-primary-care-assessment-tool-pcat-an-integrative-review-and-proposed-update
#17
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Luiz Felipe da Silva Pinto, Lisiane Hauser, Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves, Erno Harzheim
This study proposes an integrative review of the literature based on articles and publications on the use of the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) as a tool for evaluating these services, discussing the results found in Brazil and in other countries of the world, from the initial matrix conceived by Professor Barbara Starfield's team and proposing updates for the Brazilian version. We identified 124 studies, of which 42 were selected after full reading and according to the established inclusion criteria. Of this subtotal, 17 (40...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300979/-family-healthcare-units-in-portugal-and-family-clinics-in-rio-de-janeiro-their-essence-and-similarities
#18
Eunice Isabel do Nacimento Carrapiço, João Henrique Vaz Ramires, Victor Manuel Borges Ramos
The authors address parallel developments in Family Healthcare Units (USF) in Portugal (since 2006) and in primary care Family Clinics (CF) in Rio de Janeiro (since 2009). In this essay, they highlight the meeting that took place in Portugal with Brazilian Health Ministry and Rio de Janeiro Department of Health members in October 2009. Being directly involved (since May 2016) in the development of USF in the Lisbon Region, and having visited, in November 2016, several CF in Rio de Janeiro, they analyze aspects such as: organization in permanent structural multi-professional teams; main common characteristics of the teams; teambuilding processes; organization and technical autonomy; instruments to regulate autonomy; responsibility and accountability - contracting processes; monitoring and evaluation; leadership system; motivational factors for professionals and for the team as a whole; learning organizations...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295335/primary-dental-care-evaluation-in-brazil-an-item-response-theory-approach
#19
Clarice Magalhães Rodrigues Dos Reis, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Marcos Azeredo Furquim Werneck, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
OBJECTIVES: Item response theory (IRT) is a method used to design, analyze, and score tests, questionnaires, and similar instruments measuring abilities, attitudes, or other variables. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of dental care questions in the "Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e Qualidade da Atenção Básica-PMAQ-AB," Brazil, using IRT. METHODS: Dentists in primary health care units in Brazil (n = 12,403) were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287674/factors-associated-with-psychotropic-medication-use-in-individuals-in-brazilian-primary-health-care-units-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#20
Paulo Celso Prado Telles Filho, Tatiana Longo Borges, Assis do Carmo Pereira, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Rebecca O Shasanmi, Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes, Adriana Inocenti Miasso
The current descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the rate of psychotropic medication use and its association with sociodemographic factors, pharmacotherapy, health history, and presence of common mental disorders in individuals in Brazilian primary health care (PHC) units. A sample of 442 individuals was interviewed in 10 PHC units. Tools used included a structured questionnaire and the Self Reporting Questionnaire-20. The rate of psychotropic medication use was 38.7%. Demographic characteristics associated with psychotropic medication use were age 60 or older with common mental disorders and physical illness, a primary-level education or less, no occupation, and family income greater than three times the minimum wage...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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