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Ana Carla Oliveira Garcia, Teresa Maria Momensohn-Santos, Douglas de Araújo Vilhena
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of spectral overlays on reading performance of Brazilian elementary school children. METHODS: Sixty-eight children (aged 9-12 years) enrolled in the 5th and 6th grade were included in the study. The Rate of Reading Test (RRT - Brazilian Portuguese version) was used to evaluate reading speed and the Irlen Reading Perceptual Scale was used to allocate the sample according to reading difficulty/discomfort symptoms and to define the optimal spectral overlays...
March 20, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Akim Felipe Santos Nobre, Danilo de Souza Almeida, Louise Canto Ferreira, Deimy Lima Ferreira, Edivaldo Costa Sousa Júnior, Maria de Nazaré do Socorro de Almeida Viana, Ingrid Christiane Silva, Bruna Teles Pinheiro, Stephen Francis Ferrari, Alexandre da Costa Linhares, Edna Aoba Ishikawa, Rita Catarina Medeiros Sousa, Maísa Silva de Sousa
The Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV-1) is a Deltaretrovírus that was first isolated in the 1970s, and associated with Adult T-cell Leucemia-Lymphoma (ATLL), and subsequently to Tropical Spastic Paraparesis-Myelopathy (TSP/HAM). The genetic diversity of the virus varies among geographic regions, although its mutation rate is very low (approximately 1% per thousand years) in comparison with other viruses. The present study determined the genetic diversity of HTLV-1 in the metropolitan region of Belém, in northern Brazil...
2018: PloS One
Mariana V Meireles, Ana Roberta P Pascom, Elisabeth C Duarte
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical, sociodemographic and treatment-related factors associated with early virological response in HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Brazil in 2014-2015. METHODS: Data from four information systems from the Brazilian AIDS Program were combined to create a historical cohort. Unconditional logistic regression models were used to assess the likelihood of not achieving virological suppression (VLS), defined as having either a viral load count (VL) >200 copies/mL or an aids-related death recorded within 180±90 days after treatment initiation...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Nelson Nardo Junior, Josiane Aparecida Alves Bianchini, Danilo Fernandes da Silva, Zachary M Ferraro, Carlos Andres Lopera, Vanessa Drieli Seron Antonini
To propose a response criterion for analyzing the intervention success by verifying patient outcomes after a multidisciplinary obesity treatment program in Brazilian children and adolescents. Obese children and adolescents (n = 103) completed a 16-week multidisciplinary intervention (IG) and were compared to the control group (CG) (n = 66). A cluster of parameters (e.g. total domain of HRQoL; BMI z-score; cardiorespiratory fitness; body mass; waist circumference; fat mass; lean mass) were measured pre and post-intervention, and the sum of the median percentage variation and the percentile 25 and 75 were used from IG and CG to determine the responsiveness to the program...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Ubirajara Oliveira, Britaldo Silveira Soares-Filho, Adriano Pereira Paglia, Antonio D Brescovit, Claudio J B de Carvalho, Daniel Paiva Silva, Daniella T Rezende, Felipe Sá Fortes Leite, João Aguiar Nogueira Batista, João Paulo Peixoto Pena Barbosa, João Renato Stehmann, John S Ascher, Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos, Paulo De Marco, Peter Löwenberg-Neto, Viviane Gianluppi Ferro, Adalberto J Santos
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
L Barbosa, D Kühni, D Vasconcelos, E Sales, G Lima, M Santos, A Lemos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in pregnant adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: a case-control study was conducted in three Brazilian public hospitals. Adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 with gestational age of 27 weeks or more were included. The sample size was calculated using the Open-epi 3.01 program considering gestational obesity as an associated factor. The resulting sample consisted of 658 volunteers, 329 in the case group (with UI) and 329 in the control group (without UI)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Manoels Galvao Neto, Andre F Teixeira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
P Fischer, R Pöthig, B Gücker, M Venohr
In Brazil, a steady increase in phosphorus (P) fertilizer application and agricultural intensification has been reported for recent decades. The concomitant P accumulation in soils potentially threatens surface water bodies with eutrophication through diffuse P losses. Here, we demonstrated the applicability of a soil type-independent approach for estimating the degree of P saturation (DPS; a risk parameter of P loss) by a standard method of water-soluble phosphorus (WSP) for two major soil types (Oxisols, Entisols) of the São Francisco catchment in Brazil...
March 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Geilson Gomes de Oliveira, Judite Maria da Silva Costa de Oliveira, Renata Mirian Nunes Eleutério, José Eleutério Júnior
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the management chosen by gynecologists after atypical squamous cells (ASCs) cytology results, and to evaluate the outcomes of these cases in Brazilian women. METHODS:  A prospective observational study evaluated the initial management offered by the gynecologist in the case of 2,458 ASCs cytology results collected between January of 2010 and July of 2016. The outcomes of the cytology, high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) test and histology were compared in two subgroups: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H)...
March 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Milena Bastos Brito, Juliana Socorro Casqueiro, Fernanda Scoppetta Sampaio Alves, Jade Braga Lopes, Renata Dantas Monteiro Santana Alves, Mittermayer Santiago
This was a cross-sectional study of women of reproductive age with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) being treated at Bahiana School Rheumatology Service in Brazil. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of contraceptive counselling and use. An interview was performed, and the results were analysed before and after the SLE diagnosis. Eighty-five women were included; the mean age of the group was 32.98 ± 8.39 years. Before SLE diagnosis, most of the patients had used some contraceptive method; mainly oral contraceptives (54%) or hormone injections (21%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Lilian O Guimarães, Francisco Fernandes, Eliana F Monteiro, Izilda Curado, Marcia M Holcman, Gerhard Wunderlich, Sidney E Santos, Júlia M Soler, Karin Kirchgatter
In low-endemic areas for malaria transmission, asymptomatic individuals play an important role as reservoirs for malarial infection. Understanding the dynamics of asymptomatic malaria is crucial for its efficient control in these regions. Genetic host factors such as Toll-like receptor (TLR) polymorphisms may play a role in the maintenance or elimination of infection. In this study, the effect of TLR polymorphisms on the susceptibility to malaria was investigated among individuals living in the Atlantic Forest of São Paulo, Southern Brazil...
March 15, 2018: Acta Tropica
Gustavo Machado Rocha, Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr, Carl Kendall, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
HIV/AIDS epidemic is not well controlled, and multiple sexual behavior factors help explain high rates of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). This article proposes to exam the use of a potential risk behavior score for HIV infection, based on the type and number of sexual partners, and condom use, and their associated factors in a sample of MSM in Brazil. A cross sectional RDS (Respondent Driven Sampling) study was performed among 3738 MSM aged 18+ years old from ten Brazilian cities. The risk behavior score was composed by the number of male partners and anal condom use in the last year with steady, casual, and commercial partners...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Isabel Nascimento Dos Santos, Jorginete de Jesus Damião, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Cláudia Dos Santos Cople-Rodrigues, Odaleia Barbosa de Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between food insecurity (IA) and social support in families of children with sickle-cell disease (DF). METHODS: This cross-sectional study in families of 190 children from five to nine years old in follow-up at a hematology referral hospital in Rio de Janeiro State. IA was measured using the Brazilian food insecurity scale and social support was measured using the Brazilian version of the MOS social support survey instrument...
March 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Debora Rodrigues Jozala, Isabelle Stefan de Faria Oliveira, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan, Wilson Elias de Oliveira Junior, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Vanessa Mello Granado Cassettari, Mariella Marie Self, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção
OBJECTIVE: To translate and culturally adapt the modified Bristol Stool Form Scale for children into Brazilian Portuguese, and to evaluate the reproducibility of the translated version. METHODS: The stage of translation and cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to an internationally accepted methodology, including the translation, back-translation, and pretest application of the translated version to a sample of 74 children to evaluate the degree of understanding...
March 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Tiago Falótico, Paulo Henrique M Coutinho, Carolina Q Bueno, Henrique P Rufo, Eduardo B Ottoni
Capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.) are proficient tool users, and the use of stone tools occurs in several populations, mostly to crack open encased foods. Two well-studied Brazilian populations of Sapajus libidinosus inhabit Fazenda Boa Vista and Serra da Capivara National Park and present different behavioral sets regarding tool use. Serra das Confusões National Park (SCoNP) lies between those sites, but little is known about the capuchin monkey population that lives there. To begin unraveling the capuchin behavior in this area, we conducted a brief survey for tool use sites...
March 17, 2018: Primates; Journal of Primatology
Josy Goldoni Lazarini, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Marcelo Franchin, Bruno Dias Nani, Irlan Almeida Freires, Juliana Infante, Jonas Augusto Rizzato Paschoal, Severino Matias de Alencar, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
The anti-inflammatory and antibiofilm activities as well as toxicity and chemical profile of Eugenia brasiliensis pulp extract (EBE), were evaluated. EBE chemical profile and phenolic content were determined by LC-MS/MS. EBE was tested for its in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity, including TNF-α release, NF-кB activation, neutrophil migration and paw edema. The MIC/MBC and antibiofilm activities were tested against methicillin sensitive and resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomona aeruginosa, Streptococcus mutans, and Lactobacillus acidophilus...
March 15, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Priscila Pini Zenatti, Natacha Azussa Migita, Nathália Moreno Cury, Rosângela Aparecida Mendes-Silva, Fabio Cesar Gozzo, Pedro Otavio de Campos-Lima, José Andrés Yunes, Silvia Regina Brandalise
The drug l-asparaginase is a cornerstone in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The native E. colil-asparaginase used in Brazil until recently has been manufactured by Medac/Kyowa. Then a decision was taken by the Ministry of Health in 2017 to supply the National Health System with a cheaper alternative l-asparaginase manufactured by Beijing SL Pharmaceutical, called Leuginase®. As opposed to Medac, the asparaginase that has been in use in Brazil under the trade name of Aginasa®, it was not possible to find a single entry with the terms Leuginase in the Pubmed repository...
March 9, 2018: EBioMedicine
Wanessa Teixeira Gomes Barreto, Gisele Braziliano de Andrade, Lúcio André Viana, Grasiela Edith de Oliveira Porfírio, Filipe Martins Santos, Alessandra Cabral Perdomo, Jéssica Soares do Carmo, Alanderson Rodrigues da Silva, Taynara Rocha Maltezo, Heitor Miraglia Herrera
Despite the great diversity of coccidians, to our knowledge, no coccidian infections have been described in Oecomys spp. In this context, we examined Oecomys mamorae Thomas (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from the Brazilian Pantanal for infections with enteric coccidia. Nine individuals were sampled, and one was found to be infected. The oöcysts were recovered through centrifugal flotation in sugar solution. Using morphological and morphometric features, we described a new species of Cystoisospora Frenkel, 1977. Sporulated oöcysts were ovoidal 20...
March 16, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Thais Villela Peterson, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, G Willy Davila, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Pelvic Floor Bother Questionnaire (PFBQ) was designed to identify the presence and degree of bother associated with common pelvic floor symptoms. The PFBQ can be used in clinical practice and for research purposes, but it is not available in Brazilian Portuguese. We aimed to validate a cross-culturally adapted Brazilian Portuguese version of the PFBQ. METHODS: A pilot-tested version of the PFBQ translated from English was evaluated with Brazilian patients suffering from pelvic floor disorders...
March 16, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Joylson de Jesus Pereira, Natasha Baumworcel, Júlia Monassa Fioretti, Cinthya Fonseca Domingues, Laís Fernandes de Moraes, Robson Dos Santos Souza Marinho, Maria Clara Rodrigues Vieira, Ana Maria Viana Pinto, Tatiana Xavier de Castro
The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population. Twenty-six conjunctival samples from cats living in five public short-term animal shelters and three multicat life-long households were analyzed. Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic...
February 28, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
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