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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938185/gradient-of-association-between-parenting-styles-and-patterns-of-drug-use-in-adolescence-a-latent-class-analysis
#1
Juliana Y Valente, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Zila M Sanchez
BACKGROUND: To identify different patterns of drug use in adolescence and determine if these are associated with parenting styles and other sociodemographic factors. METHODS: A latent class analysis was conducted using baseline data collected in a sample (n=6381) from a randomized controlled trial conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the #Tamojunto drug-use prevention program, carried out with 7th- and 8th-grade public school students in six Brazilian cities...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#2
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937601/humoral-response-of-buffaloes-to-a-recombinant-vaccine-against-botulism-serotypes-c-and-d
#3
Denis Y Otaka, José D Barbosa, Clóvis Moreira, Marcos R A Ferreira, Carlos E P Cunha, Antônio R S Brito, Rafael A Donassolo, Ângela N Moreira, Fabrício R Conceição, Felipe M Salvarani
Botulism is a fatal intoxication caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), which are mainly produced by Clostridium botulinum and characterized by flaccid paralysis. The BoNTs C and D are the main serotypes responsible for botulism in animals, including buffaloes. Botulism is one of the leading causes of death in adult ruminants in Brazil due to the high mortality rates, even though botulism in buffaloes is poorly reported and does not reflect the real economic impact of this disease in Brazilian herds. Vaccination is reported as the most important prophylactic measure for botulism control, although there are no specific vaccines commercially available for buffaloes in Brazil...
September 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937271/assesment-of-radiation-induced-secondary-cancer-risk-in-the-brazilian-population-from-left-sided-breast-3d-crt-using-mcnpx
#4
Bruno Melo Mendes, Bruno Machado Trindade, Telma Cristina Ferreira Fonseca, Tarcisio Passos Ribeiro de Campos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to simulate a 6MV conventional breast 3D conformational radiotherapy (3D-CRT) with physical wedges (50Gy/25#) in the left breast, calculate the mean absorbed dose in the body organs using robust models and computational tools and estimate the secondary cancer-incidence risk to the Brazilian population. METHODS: The VW female phantom was used in the simulations. PTV was defined in the left breast. The 6MV parallel-opposed fields breast-RT protocol was simulated with MCNPx code...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936905/microwave-diathermy-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-effects-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-clinical-trial-protocol
#5
Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Ariane da Cruz Saraiva de Morais, Bruna Oliveira da Silva, Patricia Driusso, Richard Eloin Liebano
The aim of this study will be to analyze the effects of microwave diathermy (MWD) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on primary dysmenorrhea. Eighty eight women, age range 18-44 years, with no previous pregnancy, no practice physical activities, a BMI of ≤29.9 kg/m(2), a regular menstrual cycle and a diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea, with menstrual pain ranging from mild to severe, will be selected. The participants will be randomized into four groups: MWD and TENS, MWD and placebo TENS, placebo MWD and TENS, and placebo MWD and placebo TENS...
September 22, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935561/analysis-of-the-optimal-vaccination-age-for-dengue-in-brazil-with-a-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine
#6
Sandra B Maier, Xiao Huang, Eduardo Massad, Marcos Amaku, Marcelo N Burattini, David Greenhalgh
In this paper we study a mathematical model to analyse the optimal vaccination age against Dengue in Brazil. Data from Brazil are used to estimate the basic reproduction numbers for each of the four Dengue serotypes and then the optimal vaccination age is calculated using a method due to Hethcote [1]. The vaccine has different efficacies against each serotype. Vaccination that is too early is ineffective as individuals are protected by maternal antibodies but leaving vaccination until later may allow the disease to spread...
September 18, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935554/putative-new-genera-and-species-of-avian-schistosomes-potentially-involved-in-human-cercarial-dermatitis-in-the-americas-europe-and-africa
#7
Hudson A Pinto, Eduardo A Pulido-Murillo, Alan L de Melo, Sara V Brant
New larval avian schistosomes found in planorbid snails from Brazil and USA were used for morphological and molecular studies. Eggs with a distinctive long polar filament were found in ducks infected experimentally with Brazilian cercariae. Similar eggs were reported previously in wild or experimentally infected anatids from Brazil, South Africa, and the Czech Republic. Molecular phylogenetic analyses showed that the North American and European schistosomes are sister taxa, which are both sister to the Brazilian species...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935208/vocal-aspects-of-brazilian-evangelical-pastors
#8
REVIEW
Perla do Nascimento Martins, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
PURPOSE: Investigate the vocal and laryngopharyngeal symptoms, vocal quality, Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP), and vocal acoustic and auditory-perceptual characteristics from evangelical pastors comparing with the same aspects of nonprofessional voice men. METHOD: Sixty professionally active male subjects were divided into two groups: 30 pastors and 30 nonprofessional voice men, with ages between 24 and 59 years old. Participants answered the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) questionnaire and the VAPP, as well as an auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the voice...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934228/knowledge-about-tuberculosis-transmission-and-prevention-and-perceptions-of-health-service-utilization-among-index-cases-and-contacts-in-brazil-understanding-losses-in-the-latent-tuberculosis-cascade-of-care
#9
Flavia Matos Salame, Márcia Danielle Ferreira, Marcia Teresa Belo, Eleny Guimarães Teixeira, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Ricardo Arraes Ximenes, Maria de Fátima Militão de Albuquerque, Philip C Hill, Dick Menzies, Anete Trajman
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis contacts are candidates for active and latent tuberculosis infection screening and eventual treatment. However, many losses occur in the different steps of the contacts' cascade of care. Reasons for this are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To describe the different steps where losses in the contact cascade occur and to explore knowledge and attitudes regarding tuberculosis transmission/prevention and perceptions about tuberculosis services in order to understand the reasons for losses from the tuberculosis service users' perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933954/criterion-validity-of-the-rorschach-developmental-index-with-children
#10
Ana Cristina Resende, Donald J Viglione, Liliane Domingos Martins, Latife Yazigi
The Rorschach Developmental Index (DI) is a composite measure of psychological development. The aim of this study was to examine the criterion validity of the DI by investigating its relationship with age, nonverbal intelligence, and the impact of institutionalization in a sample of Brazilian children. The sample included 231 children, ages 7 to 11, who were either living with their families or in an institutionalized setting. The results indicated that the DI is strongly associated with nonverbal intelligence...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933801/morphometric-study-of-lingual-foramina-in-macerated-mandibles-to-assist-in-implant-placement-in-the-anterior-mandibular-region
#11
N F Deana, P Navarro, N Alves
The object of our study was to contribute to anatomical knowledge of this region with data on the prevalence, number and location of lingual foramina (LF) in dentate and edentate macerated mandibles from Brazilian individuals, differentiating them by sex and race. In this way we hope to help dental surgeons with their planning prior to implant placement in the anterior mandibular region. 103 macerated mandibles were analysed. The prevalence, number and location of LF were analysed in the median (MLF) and lateral (LLF) regions and the median (AMLF) and lateral (ALLF) alveolar process regions...
September 21, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933715/rating-of-perceived-exertion-for-quantification-of-training-and-combat-loads-during-combat-sport-specific-activities-a-short-review
#12
Maamer Slimani, Philip Davis, Emerson Franchini, Wassim Moalla
Slimani, M, Davis, P, Franchini, E, and Moalla, W. Rating of perceived exertion for quantification of training and combat loads during combat sport-specific activities: a short review. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2889-2902, 2017-The aim of this short review was to summarize data pertaining to the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) methods (RPE value and session-RPE) during combat sport-specific activities (i.e., competition and training) based on many factors, including contest type (i.e., official vs. simulated vs...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933360/detection-of-alphacoronavirus-vrna-in-the-feces-of-brazilian-free-tailed-bats-tadarida-brasiliensis-from-a-colony-in-florida-usa
#13
Tania S Bonny, John P Driver, Taylor Paisie, Marco Salemi, John Glenn Morris, Lisa A Shender, Lisa Smith, Carolyn Enloe, Kevin Oxenrider, Jeffery A Gore, Julia C Loeb, Chang-Yu Wu, John A Lednicky
Bats are natural reservoirs of coronaviruses and other viruses with zoonotic potential. Florida has indigenous non-migratory populations of Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) that mostly roost in colonies in artificial structures. Unlike their counterparts in Brazil and Mexico, the viruses harbored by the Florida bats have been underexplored. We report the detection of an alphacoronavirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene sequence in the feces of two of 19 different T. brasiliensis that were capture/release bats that had been evaluated for overall health...
February 27, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932938/assessment-of-oral-anticoagulation-control-at-two-pharmacist-managed-clinics-in-brazil
#14
Rogério Guimarães de Lima Silva, Caryne Margotto Bertollo, Isadora Gonçalves Ferreira, Luisa Caldeira Brant, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins
Background Warfarin remains widely used by patients with cardiovascular diseases. When using warfarin, the quality of oral anticoagulation control is a critical determinant to minimize the risk of bleeding and thromboembolic events. Pharmacist engagement in patient care is relevant towards improving the quality of warfarin therapy. Objective To assess the quality of oral anticoagulation control measured by time in therapeutic range (TTR) at two pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinics (AC). Method This study included adults with indication of continuous warfarin use...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931700/peritoneal-dialysis-for-the-treatment-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-type-1-a-prospective-brazilian-study
#15
Daniela Ponce, Cassiana Góes, Mariele Oliveira, Andre Balbi
This study aimed to explore the role of high-volume peritoneal dialysis (HVPD) in cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1 patients in relation to metabolic and fluid control and outcome. Sixty-four patients were treated by HVPD (prescribed Kt/V = 0.50/session), flexible catheter and cycler. Mean age was 68.8 ± 15.4 years, 54.7% needed intravenous inotropic agents and/or intravenous vasodilators, 31.2% were on mechanical ventilation, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was the main cause of acute disease heart failure (ADHF) 48...
September 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931021/zoonotic-infection-of-brazilian-primate-workers-with-new-world-simian-foamy-virus
#16
Cláudia P Muniz, Liliane T F Cavalcante, Hongwei Jia, HaoQiang Zheng, Shaohua Tang, Anderson M Augusto, Alcides Pissinatti, Luiz P Fedullo, André F Santos, Marcelo A Soares, William M Switzer
Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses present in nearly all nonhuman primates (NHPs), including Old World primates (OWP) and New World primates (NWP). While all confirmed human infections with SFV are from zoonotic transmissions originating from OWP, little is known about the zoonotic transmission potential of NWP SFV. We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 56 workers occupationally exposed to NWP in Brazil. Plasma from these workers was tested using Western blot (WB) assays containing NWP SFV antigens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930498/molecular-and-morphological-characterization-of-a-brazilian-lineage-of-plasmodium-novyella-unalis-in-turdus-spp-passeriformes-of-the-atlantic-forest-with-remarks-on-new-hosts-and-high-genetic-variation
#17
Raquel Tostes, Roberto Júnio Pedroso Dias, Luísa de Oliveira, Marcus Vinicius Xavier Senra, Carlos Luiz Massard, Marta D'Agosto
Plasmodium spp. are haemosporidian protozoans that alternate their live cycles between bloodsucking Culicidae dipterans and vertebrate hosts (mammals, reptiles and birds). In birds, these parasites are the causative agents of the so called avian malaria, a disease associated with considerable declines and extinctions in the avifauna in different geographical regions. In this work, we applied a multidisciplinary approach, light microscopy and cytochrome oxidase b (cyt b) gene sequence analysis for characterization of Plasmodium found in association with wild birds of the genus Turdus, collected in Atlantic forest fragments of southeastern Brazil...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930275/anti-aging-and-antioxidant-potential-of-paullinia-cupana-var-sorbilis-findings-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-indicate-a-new-utilization-for-roasted-seeds-of-guarana
#18
Herbenya Peixoto, Mariana Roxo, Teresa Röhrig, Elke Richling, Xiaojuan Wang, Michael Wink
Background: Roasted seeds of Amazonian guarana (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis; Sapindaceae) are popular in South America due to their stimulant activity on the central nervous system (CNS). Rich in purine alkaloids, markedly caffeine, the seeds are extensively used in the Brazilian beverage industry for the preparation of soft drinks and as additives in energy drinks. Methods: To investigate the putative anti-aging and antioxidant activity of guarana, we used the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Chemical analyses were performed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS)...
August 15, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930266/chemical-composition-of-four-essential-oils-of-eugenia-from-the-brazilian-amazon-and-their-cytotoxic-and-antioxidant-activity
#19
Joyce Kelly R da Silva, Eloisa Helena A Andrade, Leilane H Barreto, Nádia Carolina F da Silva, Alcy F Ribeiro, Raquel C Montenegro, José Guilherme S Maia
Background:Eugenia species are appreciated for their edible fruits and are known as having anticonvulsant, antimicrobial and insecticidal actions. Methods: The plant material was collected in the southeastern Pará state of Brazil and submitted to hydrodistillation. GC-MS analyzed the oils, and their antioxidant and cytotoxic activities were evaluated by the DPPH and MTT assays. Results: The main components identified in the Eugenia oils were 5-hydroxy-cis-calemene, (2E,6E)-farnesol, (2E,6Z)-farnesol, caryophylla-4(12),8(13)-dien-5α-ol-5β-ol, E-γ-bisabolene, β-bisabolene, germacrene D, and ishwarane...
July 8, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930242/essential-oils-from-leaves-of-medicinal-plants-of-brazilian-flora-chemical-composition-and-activity-against-candida-species
#20
Maria da Conceição Mendes Ferreira da Costa, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Ana Paula Sant'Anna da Silva, Vera Lúcia de Menezes Lima, Patrícia Cristina Bezerra-Silva, Suyana Karolyne Lino da Rocha, Daniela Maria do Amaral Ferraz Navarro, Maria Tereza Dos Santos Correia, Thiago Henrique Napoleão, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva
Background: The biotechnological potential of medicinal plants from Brazilian Caatinga and the Atlantic Forest has not been extensively studied. Thus, screening programs are important in prospecting for compounds for developing new drugs. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical composition and to evaluate the anti-Candida activity of essential oils from leaves of Hymenaea courbaril var. courbaril, Myroxylon peruiferum, and Vismia guianensis. Methods: The oils were extracted through hydrodistillation and their chemical compositions were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry...
May 3, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
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