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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531453/protected-time-for-nutrition-support-teams-what-are-the-benefits
#1
Guilherme D Ceniccola, Wilma M C Araújo, Ione de Brito-Ashurst, Henrique B Abreu, Rita de C Akutsu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutrition support teams (NSTs) are important and unique entities in acute care hospitals. Despite their utility, NSTs are lacking in the majority of hospitals worldwide and where they exist, most members only spend a fraction of their time working within that role. We aim to evaluate the effect of protected time on NST performance by assessing the influence of structure and process in NST activities. METHODS: All large public hospitals (>250 beds) in the Brazilian Federal District were evaluated with a structured questionnaire designed to assess NST performance...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531397/most-consumed-processed-foods-by-patients-on-hemodialysis-alert-for-phosphate-containing-additives-and-the-phosphate-to-protein-ratio
#2
Marcela T Watanabe, Raphael M Araujo, Barbara P Vogt, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C T Caramori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperphosphatemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages IV and V because of decreased phosphorus excretion. Phosphatemia is closely related to dietary intake. Thus, a better understanding of sources of dietary phosphate consumption, absorption and restriction, particularly inorganic phosphate found in food additives, is key to prevent consequences of this complication. Our aims were to investigate the most commonly consumed processed foods by patients with CKD on hemodialysis, to analyze phosphate and protein content of these foods using chemical analysis and to compare these processed foods with fresh foods...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531396/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-nutric-score-to-identify-critically-ill-patients-who-benefit-the-most-from-nutrition-therapy
#3
Mariane Rosa, Daren K Heyland, Daieni Fernandes, Estela I Rabito, Manoela L Oliveira, Aline Marcadenti
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the scarcity of tools to assess the nutritional risk in critically ill patients, the NUTrition Risk in the Critically ill Score (NUTRIC Score) was developed and validated primarily in a limited population to quantify the risk of adverse events that may be modified by aggressive nutrition therapy. The objective of this study was to translate and adapt the NUTRIC Score into Portuguese language for further demonstrate its feasibility and clinical utility in Brazilian Intensive Care Units (ICUs)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529177/senecio-brasiliensis-impairs-eclosion-rate-and-induces-apoptotic-cell-death-in-larvae-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#4
Giulianna Echeverria Macedo, Karen Kich Gomes, Nathane Rosa Rodrigues, Illana Kemmerich Martins, Gabriel da Luz Wallau, Nélson Rodrigues de Carvalho, Litiele Cezar da Cruz, Dennis Guilherme da Costa Silva, Aline Augusti Boligon, Jeferson Luis Franco, Thaís Posser
Senecio brasilienis (Spreng) Less., is a species native from Brazil, popularly known as "maria mole", and known to induce hepatotoxicity due to its high content of Pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Despite its toxicity, this plant is widely used in Brazilian folk medicine. Considering the antagonizing effects described for S. brasiliensis, we describe here molecular markers involved in the toxicity of hydroalcoholic extract from leaves of S. brasiliensis (HESB) in Drosophila melanogaster. Phytochemical analysis of HESB revealed the presence of phenolic acids and flavonoids...
May 18, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528929/female-brazilian-whiptail-lizards-cnemidophorus-ocellifer-prefer-males-with-high-ultraviolet-ornament-reflectance
#5
Carolina M C A Lisboa, Katalin Bajer, Daniel M A Pessoa, Marc Huber, Gabriel C Costa
Conspicuous colouration is an important way of social communication in many taxa. The role of ultraviolet (UV) signals in intraspecific communication has only recently been studied in lizards, and there is not a general understanding of the adaptive role of UV colouration. Colour ornaments can signal male quality in mate choice and are therefore suitable for reliably predicting the outcome of female preference. Here, we tested the potential role of UV colouration in female spatial preference in a non-territorial teiid lizard, Cnemidophorus ocellifer...
May 18, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528802/symptomatic-dengue-infection-during-pregnancy-and-livebirth-outcomes-in-brazil-2007-13-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#6
Laura B Nascimento, Cláudio M Siqueira, Giovanini E Coelho, João B Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health challenge in Brazil. We assessed the relationship between symptomatic dengue infection during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in the country between 2007 and 2013. METHODS: We did a retrospective observational cohort study using information reported in the Brazilian national reportable disease information system (SINAN) and the livebirth information system (SINASC) databases. We probabilistically linked confirmed dengue-positive and dengue-negative pregnancies with live childbirths using Fine-Grained Record Integration and Linkage (FRIL) software...
May 18, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528547/differentiation-of-brazilian-peppertree-schinus-terebinthifolius-raddi-and-peruvian-peppertree-schinus-molle-l-fruits-by-uhplc-ms-analysis-of-their-anthocyanin-and-biflavonoid-profile
#7
Michelle M Feuereisen, Benno F Zimmermann, Nadine Schulze-Kaysers, Andreas Schieber
The objective of this work was to determine the phenolic profile of Schinus terebinthifolius and S. molle fruits and to develop a reliable method for the differentiation of these two similar spices both known as pink pepper. Anthocyanins, biflavonoids and gallotannins, some of which are reported for the first time in these species, were identified by UHPLC-UV/Vis-MS/MS. Consideration of the relative and absolute amounts of phenolics as well as indicator compounds from 18 samples revealed that the relative amounts of anthocyanins and biflavonoids are the most trustworthy parameters...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527473/presence-of-new-mutations-in-the-tp53-gene-in-patients-with-low-risk-myelodysplastic-syndrome-two-case-reports
#8
Fernando Barroso Duarte, Romélia Pinheiro Gonçalves Lemes, Talyta Ellen de Jesus Dos Santos, Maritza Cavalcante Barbosa, João Paulo Leitão de Vasconcelos, Francisco Dário Rocha-Filho, Ilana Zalcberg, Diego Coutinho, Monalisa Feliciano Figueiredo, Luciana Barros Carlos, Paulo Roberto Leitão de Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndromes are heterogeneous disorders. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome disease often have ineffective hematopoiesis, cytopenias, blood cell dysplasia in one or more cell types, and are at high risk for developing acute myeloid leukemia. In myelodysplastic syndrome, mutations of TP53 gene are usually associated with complex karyotype and confer a worse prognosis. In the present study, two mutations in this gene are presented and discussed with the clinical evolution of the patients...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526478/price-and-convenience-the-influence-of-supermarkets-on-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-beverages-in-brazil
#9
Priscila Pereira Machado, Rafael Moreira Claro, Daniela Silva Canella, Flávia Mori Sarti, Renata Bertazzi Levy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of convenience and price of ultra-processed foods and beverages on purchases at supermarkets. METHODS: The study used data on food and beverage acquisition for household consumption from the Brazilian Household Budget Survey, performed in a random sample of 55,970 households between 2008 and 2009. Foods and beverages were categorized into four groups, according to characteristics of food processing. Retail stores were grouped into supermarkets and other food stores...
May 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526380/comparison-between-two-assessment-tools-for-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-relative-to-the-24-h-recall
#10
Mariana Souza Lopes, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes, Mery Natali Silva Abreu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of methods assessing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake among Brazilian users of the Primary Attention Health Care Program. METHODS: The present study included 299 participants (age ≥20 y) from a representative sample from a randomized controlled community trial performed as part of a health promotion program in a Brazilian metropolis. All participants completed three methods for the assessment of FV consumption: brief questionnaire of FV (QBrief-FV), food frequency questionnaire of FV, and a 24-h dietary recall...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525660/polymorphism-of-mitochondrial-dna-in-the-brazilian-canind%C3%A3-goat-breed
#11
N M V Silva, E C Pimenta Filho, J K G Arandas, M A Gomes Filho, E Ferreira, I Del Cerro, C Fonseca, M N Ribeiro
The success of the geographical distribution of goat populations around the world is a consequence of the adaptive potential of these breeds. Several relevant traits to the success of the species in colonizing different ecosystems (and use by man) evolved before domestication. These features were relevant for the selection of different breeds. Each breed represents a genetic heritage that may be unique and essential for maintaining the species. The objective of this study was to catalog the mtDNA haplotypes of the Brazilian autochthonous Canindé goat breed and to characterize the genetic diversity observed in subpopulations by sequencing a 481-bp fragment corresponding to the first portion of the control region in 178 individuals from 10 herds, sampled in six Brazilian states...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524726/objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-brazilians-with-visual-impairment-description-and-associated-factors
#12
Rafael Barbosa Porcellis da Silva, Alexandre Carriconde Marques, Felipe Fossati Reichert
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity is a serious health issue in individuals with visual impairment. Few studies have objectively measured physical activity in this population group, particularly outside high-income countries. The aim of this study was to describe physical activity measured by accelerometry and its associated factors in Brazilian adults with visual impairment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 90 adults (18-95 years old) answered a questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for at least 3 days (including one weekend day) to measure physical activity (min/day)...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523584/external-validation-of-saps-3-and-mpm0-iii-scores-in-48-816-patients-from-72-brazilian-icus
#13
Giulliana Martines Moralez, Ligia Sarmet Cunha Farah Rabello, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Mariza da Fonte Andrade Lima, Rodrigo Marques Hatum, Fernando Vinicius Cesar De Marco, Alessandra Alves, Jorge Eduardo da Silva Soares Pinto, Hélia Beatriz Nunes de Araújo, Grazielle Viana Ramos, Aline Reis Silva, Guilherme Côrtes Fernandes, Guilherme Brenande Alves Faria, Ciro Leite Mendes, Roberto Álvaro Ramos Filho, Valdênia Pereira de Souza, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil, Fernando Augusto Bozza, Jorge Ibrain Figueira Salluh, Marcio Soares
BACKGROUND: The performance of severity-of-illness scores varies in different scenarios and must be validated prior of being used in a specific settings and geographic regions. Moreover, models' calibration may deteriorate overtime and performance of such instruments should be reassessed regularly. Therefore, we aimed at to validate the SAPS 3 in a large contemporary cohort of patients admitted to Brazilian ICUs. In addition, we also compared the performance of the SAPS 3 with the MPM0-III...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523493/the-socio-economic-impact-of-work-disability-due-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-brazil
#14
Renata de S B Fróes, Ana Teresa Pugas Carvalho, Antonio Jose de V Carneiro, Adriana Maria Hilu de Barros Moreira, Jessica P L Moreira, Ronir R Luiz, Heitor S de Souza
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might have economic and social impacts in Brazil, where its prevalence has increased recently. This study aimed to assess disability due to IBD in the Brazilian population and demographic factors potentially associated with absence from work. METHODS: Analysis was performed using the computerized Single System of Social Security Benefits Information, with a cross-check for aid pension and disability retirement, for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522711/draft-genome-sequences-of-five-brazilian-clostridium-botulinum-group-iii-type-d-c-strains
#15
Cédric Woudstra, Roseane B Brito, Antônio A Fonseca Júnior, Rodrigo O S Silva, Francisco C F Lobato, Patrick Fach
Animal botulism is mainly associated with Clostridium botulinum group III-producing neurotoxin types C, C/D, D, and D/C. In this report, we present the draft genome sequences of the first five strains of Clostridium botulinum type D/C isolated in Brazil and used for vaccination purposes.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521581/association-between-the-use-of-magnesium-sulfate-as-neuroprotector-in-prematurity-and-the-neonatal-hemodynamic-effects
#16
Rodrigo Dias Nunes, Flávia Duarte Schutz, Jefferson Luiz Traebert
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy is often associated with prematurity and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4), has been used as neuroprotector, with favorable results. However, its mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the association between MgSO4 at the imminent premature delivery and neonatal hemodynamic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 94 newborns (NB) between 24 and 32 weeks at a Brazilian hospital was performed...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521369/assistance-to-normal-delivery-in-two-public-maternities-perception-of-the-health-professionals
#17
Nayara Rodrigues Gomes de Oliveira, Thaís Rocha Assis, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Valdivina Eterna Falone, Lívia Maria Oliveira Salviano
Purpose To evaluate the perception of health professionals involved in the labor process and the assistance to normal delivery, comparing two hospitals in the city of Goiânia, Brazil, regarding the perception of these professionals when they are performing the routines and practices recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods This is an analytical comparative study with a quantitative approach, performed in two public hospitals in the city of Goiânia, in the state of Goiás, Brazil. The study included 86 professionals working in assistance to immediate labor in two hospitals...
May 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520798/assessment-of-the-accuracy-of-a-new-tool-for-the-screening-of-smartphone-addiction
#18
Julia Machado Khoury, André Augusto Corrêa de Freitas, Marco Antônio Valente Roque, Maicon Rodrigues Albuquerque, Maila de Castro Lourenço das Neves, Frederico Duarte Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To translate, adapt and validate the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) in a Brazilian population of young adults. METHOD: We employed the translation and back-translation method for the adaptation of the Brazilian version SPAI (SPAI-BR). The sample consisted of 415 university students. Data was collected through an electronic questionnaire, which consisted of the SPAI-BR and the Goodman Criteria (gold standard). The retests were carried out 10-15 days after the initial tests with 130 individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520797/cytogenetic-studies-on-populations-of-camponotus-rufipes-fabricius-1775-and-camponotus-renggeri-emery-1894-formicidae-formicinae
#19
Hilton Jeferson Alves Cardoso de Aguiar, Luísa Antônia Campos Barros, Danúbia Rodrigues Alves, Cléa Dos Santos Ferreira Mariano, Jacques Hubert Charles Delabie, Silvia das Graças Pompolo
Two valid ant species, Camponotus rufipes and Camponotus renggeri, have recently been the subject of a broad discussion with reference to taxa synonymization. Both species are quite common among the Neotropical myrmecofauna and share some unique traits, such as the shape of the scape and the pilosity patterns of the tibiae and scapes. A single morphological trait can help distinguish these species; however, only a combination of different approaches can enlighten our view of the complex phylogenetic relationships prevailing in the different populations of these two taxa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520715/geographical-distribution-of-complement-receptor-type-1-variants-and-their-associated-disease-risk
#20
Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Selorme Adukpo, Dao Phuong Giang, Christian N Nguetse, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Hoang van Tong, Nguyen Linh Toan, Le Huu Song, Preetham Elumalai, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri, Francine Ntoumi, Christian G Meyer, Iara Jose de Messias Reason, Peter G Kremsner, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan
BACKGROUND: Pathogens exert selective pressure which may lead to substantial changes in host immune responses. The human complement receptor type 1 (CR1) is an innate immune recognition glycoprotein that regulates the activation of the complement pathway and removes opsonized immune complexes. CR1 genetic variants in exon 29 have been associated with expression levels, C1q or C3b binding and increased susceptibility to several infectious diseases. Five distinct CR1 nucleotide substitutions determine the Knops blood group phenotypes, namely Kna/b, McCa/b, Sl1/Sl2, Sl4/Sl5 and KCAM+/-...
2017: PloS One
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