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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449216/molecular-detection-of-francisella-noatunensis-subsp-orientalis-in-cultured-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-l-in-three-brazilian-states
#1
F A Sebastião, F Pilarski, M T Kearney, E Soto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448799/isolation-of-antioxidant-phenolics-from-schinopsis-brasiliensis-based-on-a-preliminary-lc-ms-profiling
#2
Clisiane Carla de Souza Santos, Milena Masullo, Antonietta Cerulli, Angela Mari, Charles Dos Santos Estevam, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
The phenolic content of the ethanol extract of the stem bark of the Brazilian plant Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) has been evaluated together with the antioxidant activity. The good antioxidant activity exhibited in the Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) assay (TEAC value = 3.04 mg/mL) encouraged us to investigate its constituents. An analytical approach based on LC-ESIMS(n) was applied to rapidly obtain a metabolite profile of the ethanol extract of the stem bark of S. brasiliensis...
April 24, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448768/toxicity-identification-and-evaluation-tie-of-a-petroleum-refinery-wastewater
#3
Sarah D A Daflon, Igor L Guerra, Márcia V Reynier, Ana C Cerqueira, Clarice R Botta, Juacyara C Campos
Petroleum refineries generate large amounts of wastewaters, which can have acute/chronic toxicity toward aquatic organisms. Previous studies have shown that many contaminants can be responsible for this toxicity, among them ammonia, sulfide, cyanide, phenols and hydrocarbons. In the study reported herein, the cause of the chronic toxicity of a biotreated petroleum refinery wastewater was investigated by applying the TIE methodology using the microcrustacean Ceriodaphnia dubia. Five samples were analyzed, and the results suggest that copper is the primary toxicant, showing a strong correlation with wastewater toxicity in Phase III...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447535/natural-occurrence-of-fumonisins-and-characteristics-of-pamonhas-sweet-type-from-southern-brazil
#4
Bruna Aparecida Silva, Rafaela Rosa, Juliana Regina Silva, Geovana D Savi, Vildes Maria Scussel
Fresh and frozen pamonhas, a native Brazilian food made with sweet corn (Zea mays L.), similar to the Mexican tamal, which has been incorporated into the country's diet were investigated for fumonisins (FBs: FB1 and FB2) contamination and product characteristics. The laboratory conditions of the applied fumonisins method with liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection were validated. Five out of the total samples showed FBs contamination above the national maximum level (ML) of 1000-1500 µg/kg. Despite this, in 59...
April 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445905/prenatal-diagnosis-of-galen-vein-aneurysm-using-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-perinatal-and-long-term-neurological-outcomes-a-case-series
#5
Pedro Pires, Larisse de Brito Aurélio Martins, Norma Maria Tenório Brito Pires, Heron Werner, Adilson Cunha Ferreira, Edward Araujo Júnior
Objective To describe the prenatal diagnosis of Galen vein aneurysm (GVA) based on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a series of cases, as well as its postnatal outcomes and follow-up until 4 years of age. Methods A retrospective longitudinal study was performed, analyzing a database comprising seven cases of prenatal diagnosis of GVA at two Brazilian institutions from February of 2000 to May of 2012. The following data were evaluated: gestational age at diagnosis, GVA dimensions on ultrasonography, associated fetal changes, findings on fetal echocardiography, gestational age at delivery, type of delivery, birth weight, Apgar score at the 1st and 5th minutes, neonatal outcomes, and survival with follow-up until 4 years of age...
April 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445870/klk4-gene-and-dental-decay-replication-in-a-south-brazilian-population
#6
Tayla Cavallari, Simone Tetu Moyses, Samuel Jorge Moyses, Renata Iani Werneck
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify and replicate the participation of KLK4 gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility to dental decay. METHODS: A total of 200 patients were recruited using ICDAS criteria - 100 of them with dental caries and 100 with no history of the disease. Buccal cells were collected and the DNA was extracted and amplified using PCR. RESULTS: During the descriptive analysis, the variables ethnicity, biofilm, and gingivitis and the markers rs2242670 and rs2978642 were statistically significant...
April 27, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445704/development-of-standard-methods-for-zika-virus-propagation-titration-and-purification
#7
Sharton Vinicius Antunes Coelho, Rômulo Leão Silva Neris, Michelle Premazzi Papa, Laila Castro Schnellrath, Lana Monteiro Meuren, Diogo A Tschoeke, Luciana Leomil, Brunno Renato Farias Verçoza, Milene Miranda, Fabiano L Thompson, Andrea Thompson Da Poian, Thiago Moreno L Souza, Fabiana Avila Carneiro, Clarissa R Damaso, Iranaia Assunção-Miranda, Luciana Barros de Arruda
The emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has stimulated several research groups to study and collaborate to understand virus biology and pathogenesis. These efforts may assist with the development of antiviral drugs, vaccines and diagnostic tests, as well as to promote advancements in public health policies. Here, we aim to develop standard protocols for propagation, titration, and purification of Asian and Brazilian ZIKV strains, by systematically testing different cell types, kinetics, multiplicity of infection and centrifugation protocols...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445091/comparative-molecular-and-morphological-variation-analysis-of-siderastrea-anthozoa-scleractinia-reveals-the-presence-of-siderastrea-stellata-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#8
Norberto A Colín García, Jorge E Campos, José L Tello Musi, Zac H Forsman, Jorge L Montero Muñoz, Alejandro Monsalvo Reyes, Jesús E Arias González
The genus Siderastrea exhibits high levels of morphological variability. Some of its species share similar morphological characteristics with congeners, making their identification difficult. Siderastrea stellata has been reported as an intermediary of S. siderea and S. radians in the Brazilian reef ecosystem. In an earlier study conducted in Mexico, we detected Siderastrea colonies with morphological features that were not consistent with some siderastreid species previously reported in the Gulf of Mexico...
February 2017: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445089/genetic-and-morphological-differentiation-of-the-semiterrestrial-crab-armases-angustipes-brachyura-sesarmidae-along-the-brazilian-coast
#9
Murilo Zanetti Marochi, Setuko Masunari, Christoph D Schubart
The genetic and morphometric population structures of the semiterrestrial crab Armases angustipes from along the Brazilian coast were examined. The influence of the Central South Equatorial Current on larval dispersal of A. angustipes also was evaluated. Six populations were sampled from estuarine areas in São Luis do Maranhão, Maranhão; Natal, Rio Grande do Norte; Maceió, Alagoas; Ilhéus, Bahia; Aracruz, Espírito Santo; and Guaratuba, Paraná. Patterns of genetic differentiation were assessed using DNA sequence data corresponding to parts of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1...
February 2017: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444853/experimental-type-2-diabetes-induction-reduces-serum-vaspin-but-not-serum-omentin-in-wistar-rats
#10
Cynthia Aparecida de Castro, Karina Ana da Silva, Marina Molina Buffo, Karina Nogueira Zambone Pinto, Fernanda de Oliveira Duarte, Keico Okino Nonaka, Fernanda de Freitas Aníbal, Ana Cláudia Garcia de Oliveira Duarte
Vaspin and omentin are adipose tissue adipokines that have often been related to obesity and its comorbidities. The aim of this study was to investigate the behaviour of serum omentin and vaspin in models of type 2 diabetes. To do this, Wistar rats (~200 g) were randomly divided into two groups: a non-diabetic group (n = 6) and a diabetic group fed on a high-fat diet (n = 6) and a low dose of streptozotocin (Sigma(®) ). All procedures were approved by the Brazilian Ethics Committee. Body weight (BW) and food intake were recorded daily...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444082/ii-brazilian-consensus-on-the-use-of-human-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiencies
#11
Ekaterini Simões Goudouris, Almerinda Maria do Rego Silva, Aluce Loureiro Ouricuri, Anete Sevciovic Grumach, Antonio Condino-Neto, Beatriz Tavares Costa-Carvalho, Carolina Cardoso de Mello Prando, Cristina Maria Kokron, Dewton de Moraes Vasconcelos, Fabíola Scancetti Tavares, Gesmar Rodrigues Silva Segundo, Irma Cecília Douglas Paes Barreto, Mayra de Barros Dorna, Myrthes Anna Maragna Toledo Barros, Wilma Carvalho Neves Forte
In the last few years, new primary immunodeficiencies and genetic defects have been described. Recently, immunoglobulin products with improved compositions and for subcutaneous use have become available in Brazil. In order to guide physicians on the use of human immunoglobulin to treat primary immunodeficiencies, based on a narrative literature review and their professional experience, the members of the Primary Immunodeficiency Group of the Brazilian Society of Allergy and Immunology prepared an updated document of the 1st Brazilian Consensus, published in 2010...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444070/brazilian-version-of-the-functional-status-score-for-the-icu-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation
#12
Vinicius Zacarias Maldaner da Silva, Jose Aires de Araújo, Gerson Cipriano, Mariela Pinedo, Dale M Needham, Jennifer M Zanni, Fernando Silva Guimarães
Objective: The aim of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Functional Status Score for the intensive care unit (FSS-ICU) into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: This study consisted of the following steps: translation (performed by two independent translators), synthesis of the initial translation, back-translation (by two independent translators who were unaware of the original FSS-ICU), and testing to evaluate the target audience's understanding...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#13
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444056/care-for-young-victims-of-assault-in-public-emergency-services-in-2011-sex-differences
#14
Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Leila Posenato Garcia
This article aims to describe the characteristics of assaults among youth victims of violence treated in Public Emergency Departments, according to sex. This is a descriptive study using data from the Brazilian Violence and Accidents Surveillance System based on a multicenter survey conducted by the Ministry of Health in 71 public emergency departments, located in 24 state capitals and the Federal District in 2011. Male subjects predominated among the victims (75.1%) and also among aggressors (83.1% and 69...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444054/regionalization-in-the-brazilian-healthcare-system-sus-a-critical-review
#15
Fernando Manuel Bessa Fernandes
Objective: to review the output and the use of the data to support managers in making decisions on the healthcare system, and analyze academic output on the theme. Method: An online search of the SciELO database for articles using 'regionalization' and 'health/healthcare' as the keywords, and all indices as the 'scope of the study'. We found a total of 102 references, and after analyzing the abstracts selected 70 articles that effectively discuss regionalization of health/healthcare in Brazil...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444051/analysis-of-the-unified-health-system-funding-and-expenditure-in-the-municipalities-of-the-rota-dos-bandeirantes-health-region-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
João Alves Dos Santos, Áquilas Nogueira Mendes, Antônio Carlos Pereira, Luiz Renato Paranhos
The national scenario of lack of resources in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) has led to major differences in the municipalities funding models. Thus, this study aims to analyze SUS funding and expenditure in seven cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region, State of São Paulo, SP, Brazil, from 2009 to 2012. Settled expenditure indicators were collected from the Public Health Budgets Information System (SIOPS) for analysis, showing descriptive data with absolute and relative frequency calculations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444046/health-care-networks-implementation-and-regional-governance-challenges-in-the-legal-amazon-region-an-analysis-of-the-qualisus-rede-project
#17
Angela Oliveira Casanova, Marly Marques Cruz, Ligia Giovanella, Glaydes Dos Reis Alves, Gisela Cordeiro Pereira Cardoso
This paper aims to analyze the potential, limits and challenges of regional governance in the implementation process of health care networks in three Brazilian regions: Alto Solimões (Amazonas), Belém (Pará) and an interstate region comprising Tocantins, Pará and Maranhão states (Topama). The study is based on the evaluation study on the implementation of the Quality Health Care Network Development and Improvement Project (QualiSUS-Rede). This is a qualitative multiple case study with the analysis of official documents and use of semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders conducted from July to December 2014...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444045/coap-and-sus-regionalization-the-various-implementation-patterns-in-the-brazilian-states
#18
Assis Mafort Ouverney, José Mendes Ribeiro, Marcelo Rasga Moreira
This paper analyzes the implementation process of the Public Action Organizational Contract (Coap) and its impacts on state agendas of SUS regionalization, comparing the different institutional reactions of the states to the strategy proposed by Decree 7.508/11. The comparison of developing dynamics of state agendas took as reference a normative baseline structured in eight strategic political-institutional moments in the implementation of the Coap in accordance with the logic defined in Decree 7.508/11. We collected data through a questionnaire containing 35 questions (1 open, 25 closed and 9 mixed) and extensive documentary research in 2013 and 2014 in all states, except for the Federal District...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444042/regionalization-in-the-sus-implementation-process-challenges-and-perspectives-in-the-critical-view-of-system-managers
#19
Andre Luis Bonifácio de Carvalho, Washington Luiz Abreu de Jesus, Isabel Maria Vilas Boas Senra
This article examines the regionalization process in the Brazilian Health System, identifying frameworks and challenges of this process from critical dialogue on the subject, contextualized by the experience of the management system and in the light of an established theoretical debate in the last decade. We used the thematic content analysis of legal and documentary surveys of the regionalization process in SUS, collated by elements of the historical and political context in the period. As evidence, it appears that the regionalization process has been incremental decentralization/deconcentration of management and health actions and services...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444039/the-health-regionalization-process-from-the-perspective-of-the-transation-cost-theory
#20
Leyla Gomes Sancho, Daniela Savi Geremia, Sulamis Dain, Fabiano Geremia, Cláudio José Silva Leão
This study analyzes the incidence of transaction costs in the regionalization process of health policies in the Brazilian federal system. In this work, regionalized health actions contracted and agreed between federal agencies have assumed a transactional nature. A conceptual theoretical essay of reflective nature was prepared with the purpose of questioning and proposing new approaches to improve the health regionalization process. The main considerations suggest that institutional management tools proposed by the standards and regulations of the Unified Health System have a low potential to reduce transaction costs, especially due to hardships in reconciling common goals among the entities, environment surrounded by uncertainty, asymmetries and incomplete information, bounded rationality and conflict of interest...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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