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Day pants wetting

Liz de Rome, Michael Fitzharris, Matthew Baldock, Ralston Fernandes, Alice Ma, Julie Brown
INTRODUCTION: Motorcyclists represent an increasing proportion of road traffic casualties but, while factors associated with crashes are readily identifiable, little is known about the prevalence of those risk factors in the motorcycling population. METHOD: A stratified random-sampling frame was used to survey the population of registered motorcycles owners in New South Wales (NSW) when they attended motor registry offices. The postal codes in the State database of registered motorcycle were used to stratify the population into quartiles based on socioeconomic characteristics and to determine sample weights...
September 2016: Injury
U Ghoshal, S Khanduja, P Pant, K N Prasad, T N Dhole, R K Sharma, U C Ghoshal
PURPOSE: Intestinal microsporidiosis, which occurs in immunocompromised states such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, has rarely been studied in patients with renal transplantation (RT) on immunosuppressive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-four consecutive RT recipients on immunosuppressive treatment and 170 healthy subjects were evaluated for intestinal microsporidiosis and other parasites by modified trichrome staining, wet mount using normal saline, iodine and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
K E Hales, S D Shackelford, J E Wells, D A King, M D Hayes, T M Brown-Brandl, L A Kuehn, H C Freetly, T L Wheeler
Zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) has been approved for use since 2006; however, there is no research on any interactions between ZH and coproducts. Additionally, there is no published information on the potential effects of ZH on heat stress in feedlot cattle. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the effects of feeding dry-rolled corn (DRC)-based diets with and without wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS) and ZH on performance, carcass characteristics, and heat stress in feedlot cattle. Four hundred thirty-eight steers were used in a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in 16 pens with 26 to 28 steers in each pen...
September 2014: Journal of Animal Science
Michio Tsuji, Masashi Kume, Hideyuki Tuneoka, Tetsuya Yoshida
This study investigated whether wearing common white sportswear can reduce heat stress more than being semi-nude during exercise of different intensities performed under radiant heat and wind conditions, such as a hot summer day. After a 20-min rest period, eight male subjects performed three 20 min sessions of cycling exercise at a load intensity of 20 % or 50 % of their peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in a room maintained at a wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) of 28.7 ± 0.1 °C using two spot lights and a fan (0...
August 2014: International Journal of Biometeorology
B Smit, C T Harding, P A R Hockey, A E McKechnie
Heterothermy plays an important role in lowering the costs of thermoregulation in endotherms by reducing water and energy requirements. We tested predictions that birds in arid habitats should express fine-scale variation in their thermoregulatory patterns as a function of prevailing climatic conditions. We assessed effects of air temperature (Tair) and water vapor pressure deficit (D) on body temperature (Tb) in free-living White-browed Sparrow-Weavers (Plocepasser mahali) during summer in two arid habitats in the Kalahari Desert, South Africa, using data from a dry period at a hot, desert site (n=7 birds), and during a dry period (n=4 birds) and a wet period (n=5 birds) at a milder, semi-desert site...
May 2013: Ecology
Duanyong Liu, Xiaoying Huang, Shaomin Cheng, Wenting Tong, Panting Wan, Yongmei Guan, Haimei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate therapeutic effect of Sishen Wan on experimental colitis, and explore its mechanism by expression of Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA, Fas/FasL in colonic tissue. METHOD: Experimental colitis was induced by rectal administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) dissolved in ethanol. The model animals were divided into four groups: the induced colitis but untreated group, the induced colitis groups treated with the high, middle, low dose of Sishen Wan, and the induced colitis group treated with salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP)...
December 2011: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yoshinori Tanaka, Naoya Masumori, Taiji Tsukamoto, Ryoji Furuya, Hiroshi Ogura, Seiji Furuya
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the actual status of post micturition dribble (PMD) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We surveyed 388 patients who underwent TURP to determine whether they experienced urinary incontinence one year after the procedure. If they reported it, its frequency, degree and the type of urinary incontinence (stress urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, PMD) were investigated using a questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 270 patients who responded to the questionnaire, 78 (29%) reported urinary incontinence...
March 2010: Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai Zasshi. the Japanese Journal of Urology
T L Mader, M S Davis, J B Gaughan
Experiments were conducted to evaluate strategies designed to reduce heat stress of cattle. In the first experiment, cattle were sprinkled for 20 min every 1.5 h between 1000 hours and 1750 hours (WET) versus not sprinkled (DRY). In a second experiment, treatments consisted of: (1) control, no water application; (2) water applied to the pen surfaces between 1000 hours and 1200 hours (AM); and (3) water applied to pen surfaces between 1400 hours and 1600 hours (PM). In both experiments, sprinkling lowered (P < 0...
August 2007: International Journal of Biometeorology
Toshihiko Masui, Ryo Hosotani, Daisuke Ito, Kazuhiro Kami, Masayuki Koizumi, Tomohiko Mori, Eiji Toyoda, Sanae Nakajima, Yoshiharu Miyamoto, Koji Fujimoto, Ryuichiro Doi
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is highly resistant to radiation and chemotherapy, and its resistance reflects the enhancement of apoptosis inhibitory genes, including Bcl-2 family. Antennapedia (pAnt) is capable of almost 100% internalization into cells through the lipid bilayer without any cytotoxic effect. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the Bcl-XL antisense oligonucleotide for radiosensitivity of in vitro and in vivo pancreatic cancer using oligonucleotide conjugated with antennapedia...
August 2006: Surgery
H Black, L R Matthews, K J Bremner
The behaviour of two pens of mixed British breed male sheep transported by ship from New Zealand to Saudi Arabia was studied. One of the groups was carried above decks (n = 128) and one below decks (n = 116). Observations were conducted four to five times daily throughout the 24-day voyage. Over the whole voyage the most common activities were standing, lying and feeding. Overall, the animals adapted reasonably well to the shipboard environment, with most gaining weight. The mortality rate in the study pens averaged 2...
February 1994: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Harrie Boelens, Sandra van den Broek, Jos Beishuizen
A treatment of day wetting was evaluated in four normally capable children (ages 4:9, 4:10. 6:3, and 10:1 years). The treatment combined the use of a pants alarm with rewards (praise and tokens) for urinating in the toilet. The treatment was effective for one child only. The others showed many instances of noncompliance (not wearing the alarm, wearing the alarm with loose contacts or with the contacts on places where they could not detect urine). Tactics for dealing with this are suggested.
December 2003: Psychological Reports
Christopher S Cooper, Chadi T Abousally, J Christopher Austin, Margaret A Boyt, Charles E Hawtrey
PURPOSE: Dysfunctional voiding in children may partly be learned, and constitutes a significant percentage of pediatric urological referrals. Half of a child's waking hours are spent at school, suggesting a significant potential impact on learned toileting behaviors. Nonetheless, data on teacher perception and practice regarding pediatric voiding are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,000, 21-question surveys were mailed to randomly selected Iowa public elementary school teachers, of which 467 were returned and analyzed...
September 2003: Journal of Urology
M L Chiozza
Justification of early treatment of nocturnal enuresis is founded in the negative psychological impact on the child. In fact nocturnal enuresis delays early autonomy and socialisation by decreasing in self-esteem and self-confidence. Nocturnal enuresis classification is the preliminary step to correct therapy. Enuresis must be classified as primary (never acquired nocturnal control) or secondary (at least 6 months of dry nights). A child is also classified as having monosymptomatic enuresis if she/he experienced only night wetting and symptomatic enuresis if she/he experienced night wetting associated with diurnal voiding symptoms (urinated > or = 7 times a day, urgency, damp pants, squatting, holding the perineum, sitting on one heel)...
September 1997: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
R M Hurley
The differentiation between night and day wetting allows the application of practical developmental and behavioral approaches to the diagnosis, evaluation, and therapy of each problem. Wetting the bed is mainly a developmental issue, and wetting the pants is a behavioral one.
December 1990: Pediatrics in Review
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