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Cardiovascular comorbidity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230568/ankle-brachial-pressure-index-as-a-predictor-of-the-2-year-outcome-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-data-from-the-japanese-ocean-tavi-registry
#1
Masahiro Yamawaki, Motoharu Araki, Tsutomu Ito, Yosuke Honda, Takahiro Tokuda, Yoshiaki Ito, Hiroshi Ueno, Kazuki Mizutani, Minoru Tabata, Akihiro Higashimori, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Futoshi Yamanaka, Toru Naganuma, Yusuke Watanabe, Masanori Yamamoto, Shinichi Shirai, Kentaro Hayashida
Peripheral artery disease plays a pivotal role for access site selection in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a generalized mortality marker in many cardiovascular scenarios. However, the long-term outcomes in high-risk TAVR populations remain unclear. We investigated the association between low ABI and 2-year outcome after TAVR. Of 1613 patients enrolled in the OCEAN-TAVI registry, 1458 (90.4%) who underwent ABI before TAVR were divided into groups: patients with (1) ABI ≥ 0...
December 11, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230005/prevalence-treatment-patterns-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-pre-hypertension-among-bangladeshi-adults
#2
Mujibur Rahman, M Mostafa Zaman, Jessica Yasmine Islam, Jalil Chowdhury, Ham Nazmul Ahsan, Ridwanur Rahman, Mahtabuddin Hassan, Zakir Hossain, Billal Alam, Rubina Yasmin
In Bangladesh, morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased over the last few decades. Hypertension is an important risk factor for NCDs, specifically cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and pre-hypertension among adults in Bangladesh. Data for this analysis were collected during the national NCD Risk Factor Survey of Bangladesh conducted in 2010 from a representative sample of men and women, aged 25 years or above...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229563/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-clinical
#3
REVIEW
Amanda E Nelson
This review is based on a systematic review of the literature relevant to clinical topics in osteoarthritis (OA) performed for the time period February 22, 2016 to April 1, 2017. A PubMed search using the terms "osteoarthritis" and "treatment or epidemiology" returned over 800 papers, of which 57 are reviewed here, with inclusion primarily based on relevance to clinical OA. Epidemiologic studies in this time frame focused on the incidence and prevalence of OA, comorbidities and mortality in relation to OA (particularly obesity and cardiovascular disease), and multiple joint involvement...
December 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229303/pretransplant-coronary-artery-disease-is-a-predictor-for-myocardial-infarction-and-cardiac-death-after-liver-transplantation
#4
F Darstein, M Hoppe-Lotichius, J Vollmar, V Weyer-Elberich, A Zimmermann, J Mittler, G Otto, H Lang, P R Galle, T Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a serious problem of liver transplant (LT) recipients because of increased cardiovascular risk due to immunosuppressive therapy, higher age, intraoperative risk and comorbidities (such as diabetes and nicotine abuse). Reported frequency of cardiovascular events after LT shows a high variability between different LT cohorts. Our aim was to analyze a cohort of LT recipients from a single center in Germany to evaluate frequency of the cardiovascular endpoints (CVE) myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death after LT and to investigate correlations of CVE post LT with pretransplant patient characteristics...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229085/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-copd-patients-by-disease-severity-in-a-german-population
#5
Timm Greulich, Benjamin J D Weist, Andreas Rembert Koczulla, Sabina Janciauskiene, Andreas Klemmer, Wolfram Lux, Peter Alter, Claus F Vogelmeier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is commonly associated with multiple comorbidities. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with COPD and to relate their prevalence to the severity of the disease by using a large German health care database. Based on the retrospective analysis of a two-year (2013-2014) database from the German Statutory Health Insurance system, we obtained a representative sample of 4,075,493 german insurants. This sample included 146,141 patients with COPD (age: ≥35 years)...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229057/functional-limitations-in-adults-who-utilize-chiropractic-or-osteopathic-manipulation-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227259/hypothyroidism-a-special-comorbidity-factor-in-patients-with-osteoarthrosis-clinical-pathophysiological-and-prognostic-aspects
#7
L Voloshyna, О Doholich, I Sithinska
Objective - to study the features of the functional and morphological condition of the thyroid gland (TG) in patients with osteoarthrosis (OA), the incidence and forms of hypothyroidism and their effects on clinical manifestations, metabolic disorders and the results of the treatment of OA and comorbid processes. A complex examination involved 312 patients with OA aged 37-76 years. Methods used: anthropometric, clinical, ultrasonographic, biochemical, radioimmunological (levels of TSH, free thyroxine, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase)...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226712/-risk-stratification-before-thoracic-surgery-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#8
Attila Vágvölgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Pál Vadász, János Tamás Varga
INTRODUCTION: Besides the oncology and operative surgical technics, functional aspects influence the operability of lung cancer. Preoperative risk stratification, evaluation of postoperative complications needs to be considered. AIM: To review international literature and experiences of our institute. METHOD: We focused the literature of risk stratification of thoracic surgery. Lung function, lung mechanics, chest kinematics, exercise physiology were considered...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226105/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-clinical-update
#9
REVIEW
Joseph M Pappachan, Shithu Babu, Babu Krishnan, Nishal C Ravindran
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in developed countries because of the obesity epidemic. The disease increases liver-related morbidity and mortality, and often increases the risk for other comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance related to metabolic syndrome is the main pathogenic trigger that, in association with adverse genetic, humoral, hormonal and lifestyle factors, precipitates development of NAFLD...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225058/impact-of-comorbidities-on-functional-recovery-from-partial-nephrectomy
#10
Sudhir Isharwal, Wenda Ye, Alice Wang, Joseph Abraham, Joseph Zabell, Wen Dong, Jitao Wu, Chalairat Suk-Ouichai, Elvis R Caraballo, Tianming Gao, Steven C Campbell
PURPOSE: Preservation of parenchymal mass and ischemia type/duration can influence functional recovery after partial nephrectomy (PN). Some have hypothesized that relevant comorbidities may also impact nephron stability and functional recovery, but this has not been adequately investigated. MATERIALS/METHODS: 405 patients with PN at our center (2007-2015) had necessary data to determine function and parenchymal mass preserved within the ipsilateral kidney. Comorbidities potentially associated with renal functional status were reviewed, including various degrees of hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, smoking status, and use of related medications...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223418/should-diabetes-be-a-contraindication-to-bilateral-internal-mammary-artery-grafting
#11
Alexander Iribarne, Benjamin M Westbrook, David J Malenka, Joseph D Schmoker, Jock N McCullough, Bruce J Leavitt, Paul W Weldner, Joseph DeSimone, Robert S Kramer, Reed D Quinn, Elaine M Olmstead, John D Klemperer, Gerald L Sardella, Cathy S Ross, Anthony W DiScipio
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the influence of bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) versus single internal mammary artery (SIMA) grafting on postoperative morbidity and long-term survival among diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective analysis of 47,984 consecutive CABGs performed from 1992 to 2014 at 7 medical centers was conducted. Among the study population, 1,482 CABGs with BIMA were identified, and 1,297 BIMA patients were propensity-matched to 1,297 SIMA patients...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222712/categorization-and-association-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-adverse-drug-events
#12
REVIEW
Lina Zhou, Anamika Paul Rupa
PURPOSE: Adverse drug events (ADE) are among the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization. This review analyzes risk factors for ADE, particularly their categorizations and association patterns, the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADE, and method characteristics of reviewed studies. METHODS: Literature search was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. A review was conducted of research articles that reported original data about specific risk factors for ADE since 2000...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222628/one-year-clinical-effectiveness-comparison-of-prasugrel-with-ticagrelor-results-from-a-retrospective-observational-study-using-an-integrated-claims-database
#13
Mark B Effron, Kavita V Nair, Cliff Molife, Stuart Y Keller, Robert L Page, Jason C Simeone, Brian Murphy, Beth L Nordstrom, Yajun Zhu, Patrick L McCollam, George W Vetrovec
BACKGROUND: No direct comparisons of ticagrelor and prasugrel with 1-year clinical follow-up have been reported. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare 1-year clinical outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and treated with either ticagrelor or prasugrel in a real-world setting. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients from a payer database who were aged ≥18 years and had ACS managed with PCI with no history of transient ischemic attack (TIA)/stroke...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221682/effects-of-fructose-consumption-on-food-intake-and-biochemical-and-body-parameters-in-wistar-rats
#14
Viviane Wagner Ramos, Leandro Oliveira Batista, Kelse Tibau Albuquerque
INTRODUTION AND OBJECTIVE: Increased fructose consumption is associated with various metabolic changes that favor the onset of obesity and related comorbidities. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of chronic fructose consumption on body weight and adipose tissue, as well as on serum glucose and triglyceride levels. METHODS: Thirty-day-old Wistar rats were divided into two groups: fructose (F) and control (C), which had free access to commercial chow and either water or a 20% fructose solution...
December 5, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221483/the-role-of-sleepiness-on-arterial-stiffness-improvement-after-cpap-therapy-in-males-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Maria Alexandra Mineiro, Pedro Marques da Silva, Marta Alves, Ana Luísa Papoila, Maria João Marques Gomes, João Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This study aim to assess differences in changes in arterial stiffness of two groups of patients, defined as having daytime sleepiness or not, after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. METHODS: A selected cohort of consecutive male patients, under 65 years old, with moderate to severe OSA and without great number of comorbidities was studied. The diagnosis was confirmed by home respiratory poligraphy...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220556/drug-treatment-of-hypertension-in-sweden-in-relation-to-sex-age-and-comorbidity
#16
Fredrik Wallentin, Björn Wettermark, Thomas Kahan
The authors investigated antihypertensive drug treatment in Sweden using the Stockholm Regional Healthcare Data Warehouse, providing information on all healthcare consultations, diagnoses, hospitalizations, dispensed prescription drugs, sex, and age in 2.1 million persons. This cross-sectional analysis identified 292 428 individuals 20 years or older with hypertension (mean age 68 ± 13 years, 53% women). About half had no diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular comorbidity. The number of dispensed drugs was lower in women than in men (1...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218066/arterial-stiffness-and-hypertension-which-comes-first
#17
Monica Ecobici, Claudiu Stoicescu
Arterial hypertension is one of the traditional risk factors involved in the development of cardiovascular events, while arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease in patients with hypertension. It seems that the risk factors involved in the pathology of uncontrolled hypertension are similar to those that contribute to the development of arterial stiffness. After evidence showed that arterial stiffness is an independent prognostic factor for the occurrence of cardiovascular events in patients with arterial hypertension, the importance of assessing arterial stiffness was recognized in a document drafted by the European Society of Hypertension in 2007...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215656/-control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes-in-a-specialized-diabetic-clinic
#18
B Pérez-Pevida, N Varela, S Pérez Rodríguez, E Martínez Segura, J Salvador, J Escalada
BACKGROUND: Achieving an adequate control of glycaemic and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is essential in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, several studies have shown that the percentage of patients achieving these goals is scarce. We evaluated the degree of control of CVRFs target goals in T2DM patients who regularly attend a specialized diabetic clinic. METHODS: We studied T2DM patients who attended the specialized Diabetic Unit at the Department of Endocrinology of Clínica Universitaria de Navarra with a minimum follow-up of one year...
December 7, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214946/psychosomatic-and-psychosocial-questions-regarding-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know-or-what-do-we-think-we-know
#19
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212353/psoriasis-and-cardiovascular-risk-correlation-between-psoriasis-and-cardiovascular-functional-indices
#20
Giuseppe Dattilo, Egidio Imbalzano, Matteo Casale, Claudio Guarneri, Francesco Borgia, Stefania Mondello, Pasqualina Laganà, Pietro Romano, Giuseppe Oreto, Sarafinella Cannavò
Evidence suggests that psoriasis together with other cardiovascular (CV) risk factors is associated with increased vascular morbidity, but it is not clear whether psoriasis is an independent risk factor. Consecutive patients (n = 33; 35.6 ± 5.7 years; 13 females) with mild psoriasis (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index <10) without comorbidities and 33 healthy participants (36.3 ± 5.9 years; 15 females) were enrolled. Both groups underwent echocardiography, speckle tracking (2-dimensional strain echocardiography [2D-SE]), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) testing...
January 2018: Angiology
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