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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143673/the-heptestcontest-a-global-innovation-contest-to-identify-approaches-to-hepatitis-b-and-c-testing
#1
Joseph D Tucker, Kathrine Meyers, John Best, Karyn Kaplan, Razia Pendse, Kevin A Fenton, Isabelle Andrieux-Meyer, Carmen Figueroa, Pedro Goicochea, Charles Gore, Azumi Ishizaki, Giten Khwairakpam, Veronica Miller, Antons Mozalevskis, Michael Ninburg, Ponsiano Ocama, Rosanna Peeling, Nick Walsh, Massimo G Colombo, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests are a novel approach to elicit good ideas and innovative practices in various areas of public health. There remains limited published literature on approaches to deliver hepatitis testing. The purpose of this innovation contest was to identify examples of different hepatitis B and C approaches to support countries in their scale-up of hepatitis testing and to supplement development of formal recommendations on service delivery in the 2017 World Health Organization hepatitis B and C testing guidelines...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032310/building-addiction-recovery-capital-through-online-participation-in-a-recovery-community
#2
Ana-Maria Bliuc, David Best, Muhammad Iqbal, Katie Upton
RATIONALE: This study examines how online participation in a community of recovery contributes to personal journeys of recovery. It investigates whether recovery capital building - as indicated by increased levels and quality of online social interactions - and markers of positive identity development predict retention in a recovery program designed around fostering community involvement for early stage recovery addicts. HYPOTHESES: It was predicted that online participation on the group's Facebook page and positive identity development are associated to retention in the program...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889060/why-narcissists-are-at-risk-for-developing-facebook-addiction-the-need-to-be-admired-and-the-need-to-belong
#3
Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti
Building upon previous research establishing a positive association between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and problematic social networking use, the present study tests a model that explains how grandiose and vulnerable narcissists might develop Facebook (Fb) addiction symptoms through the need for admiration and the need to belong. A sample of 535 undergraduates (50.08% F; mean age 22.70±2.76years) completed measures of grandiose narcissism, vulnerable narcissism, Fb addiction symptoms, and two brief scales measuring the need for admiration and the need to belong...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843628/association-between-physiological-oscillations-in-self-esteem-narcissism-and-internet-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Igor Pantic, Anita Milanovic, Barbara Loboda, Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Dejan Nesic, Sanja Mazic, Stefan Dugalic, Sinisa Ristic
Internet addiction is a novel and relatively uninvestigated form of dependence that is fairly common in adolescent population. Previous research has indicated that it may be associated with other mental health problems, such as dysthymic mood and narcissistic behavior. In our study, we tested the existence and strength of relationship between Internet addiction, self-esteem and narcissism in a student population. On a sample of 244 students, we also investigated social networking activities, such as number of self-portrait photographs ("selfies"), and their potential connection with self-esteem and narcissism...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504040/facebook-addiction-and-loneliness-in-the-post-graduate-students-of-a-university-in-southern-india
#5
Manoj Shettar, Ravichandra Karkal, Anil Kakunje, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Vv Mohan Chandran
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a social networking site (SNS) for communication, entertainment and information exchange. Recent research has shown that excessive use of Facebook can result in addictive behavior in some individuals. AIM: To assess the patterns of Facebook use in post-graduate students of Yenepoya University and evaluate its association with loneliness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate 100 post-graduate students of Yenepoya University using Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale version 3...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498042/what-predicts-facebook-addiction
#6
Brenda K Wiederhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446367/problematic-social-media-use-and-depressive-symptoms-among-u-s-young-adults-a-nationally-representative-study
#7
Ariel Shensa, César G Escobar-Viera, Jaime E Sidani, Nicholas D Bowman, Michael P Marshal, Brian A Primack
RATIONALE: Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. The suggested association between social media use (SMU) and depression may be explained by the emerging maladaptive use pattern known as problematic social media use (PSMU), characterized by addictive components. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the association between PSMU and depressive symptoms-controlling for overall time and frequency of SMU-among a large sample of U.S. young adults. METHODS: In October 2014, participants aged 19-32 (N = 1749) were randomly selected from a nationally-representative U...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432846/pathological-internet-use-cyberbullying-and-mobile-phone-use-in-adolescence-a-school-based-study-in-greece
#8
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Anastasios Drontsos, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Evangelos Drosos, Nikolaos Trikilis, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and cyberbullying and examined profiles of adolescents with increased risk to develop pathological behaviors. Methods In this cross-sectional, school-based study, 8053 students of 30 middle and 21 high schools (12-18 years old) were invited to participate, based on a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The Internet aiddiction test (IAT) was used along with information on socio-demographics, Internet activities and cyberbullying experience...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394208/the-dimensions-of-facebook-addiction-as-measured-by-facebook-addiction-italian-questionnaire-and-their-relationships-with-individual-differences
#9
Barbara Caci, Maurizio Cardaci, Fabrizio Scrima, Marco Elio Tabacchi
The studies reported analyze the factorial structure of Facebook Addiction Italian Questionnaire (FAIQ), a variant of 20-item Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). In Study 1, we tested FAIQ psychometric properties using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). In Study 2, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to verify the FAIQ factorial structure identified through EFA. Results from CFA confirm the presence of a four-factor model accounting for 58 percent of total variance, plus a general higher order factor that best fits the data...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379496/codeine-use-dependence-and-help-seeking-behaviour-in-the-uk-and-ireland-an-online-cross-sectional-survey
#10
A Kimergård, M Foley, Z Davey, J Dunne, C Drummond, P Deluca
Background: Codeine misuse and dependence poses a clinical and public health challenge. However, little is known about dependence and treatment needs in the UK and Ireland. Aim: To characterize codeine use, dependence and help-seeking behaviour. Design: An online cross-sectional survey advertised on Facebook, Twitter, health and drug websites and e-mail circulars. Methods: The survey collected data on demographics and codeine use amongst adults from the UK and Ireland...
September 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304359/social-networking-sites-and-addiction-ten-lessons-learned
#11
REVIEW
Daria J Kuss, Mark D Griffiths
Online social networking sites (SNSs) have gained increasing popularity in the last decade, with individuals engaging in SNSs to connect with others who share similar interests. The perceived need to be online may result in compulsive use of SNSs, which in extreme cases may result in symptoms and consequences traditionally associated with substance-related addictions. In order to present new insights into online social networking and addiction, in this paper, 10 lessons learned concerning online social networking sites and addiction based on the insights derived from recent empirical research will be presented...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198639/factorial-validity-of-the-problematic-facebook-use-scale-for-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Claudia Marino, Alessio Vieno, Gianmarco Altoè, Marcantonio M Spada
Background and aims Recent research on problematic Facebook use has highlighted the need to develop a specific theory-driven measure to assess this potential behavioral addiction. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the Problematic Facebook Use Scale (PFUS) adapted from Caplan's Generalized Problematic Internet Scale model. Methods A total of 1,460 Italian adolescents and young adults (aged 14-29 years) participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed in order to assess the factorial validity of the scale...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092186/under-the-influence-of-facebook-excess-use-of-social-networking-sites-and-drinking-motives-consequences-and-attitudes-in-college-students
#13
Julia M Hormes
Background and aims Excessive use of social networking sites (SNS) has recently been conceptualized as a behavioral addiction (i.e., "disordered SNS use") using key criteria for the diagnosis of substance dependence and shown to be associated with a variety of impairments in psychosocial functioning, including an increased risk of problem drinking. This study sought to characterize associations between "disordered SNS use" and attitudes towards alcohol, drinking motives, and adverse consequences resulting from alcohol use in young adults...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703103/-the-concept-and-treatment-of-internet-addiction
#14
Muhammad Elsalhy, Taro Muramatsu, Susumu Higuchi, Masaru Mimura
The Internet now plays a very important role in our lives. However, for some people, Internet use can lead to a state that appears to meet the DSM definition for a mental disorder. In this review, we briefly discuss definition, symptoms, risk factors, prevalence, comorbidities, and personality traits of people who are susceptible to becoming addicts. In the second section of the article, various types of Internet addiction are discussed, focusing mainly on Internet Gaming Disorder and social networking survices (SNS) addiction...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603169/factors-associated-with-overestimation-of-asthma-control-a-cross-sectional-study-in-australia
#15
Bonnie J Bereznicki, Millicent P Chapman, Luke R E Bereznicki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate actual and perceived disease control in Australians with asthma, and identify factors associated with overestimation of asthma control. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of Australian adults with asthma, who were recruited via Facebook to complete an online survey. The survey included basic demographic questions, and validated tools assessing asthma knowledge, medication adherence, medicine beliefs, illness perception and asthma control...
May 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418940/internet-addiction-and-excessive-social-networks-use-what-about-facebook
#16
Eduardo Guedes, Federica Sancassiani, Mauro Giovani Carta, Carlos Campos, Sergio Machado, Anna Lucia Spear King, Antonio Egidio Nardi
Facebook is notably the most widely known and used social network worldwide. It has been described as a valuable tool for leisure and communication between people all over the world. However, healthy and conscience Facebook use is contrasted by excessive use and lack of control, creating an addiction with severely impacts the everyday life of many users, mainly youths. If Facebook use seems to be related to the need to belong, affiliate with others and for self-presentation, the beginning of excessive Facebook use and addiction could be associated to reward and gratification mechanisms as well as some personality traits...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156380/facebook-role-play-addiction-a-comorbidity-with-multiple-compulsive-impulsive-spectrum-disorders
#17
Deeepa Nathan, Lekhansh Shukla, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Background Problematic Internet use (PIU) is an emerging entity with varied contents. Behavioral addictions have high comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. Social networking site (SNS) addiction and role playing game (RPG) addiction are traditionally studied as separate entities. We present a case with excessive Internet use, with a particular focus on phenomenology and psychiatric comorbidities. Case presentation Fifteen-year-old girl with childhood onset attention deficit disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, adolescent onset trichotillomania, and disturbed family environment presented with excessive Facebook use...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065923/social-networking-site-use-while-driving-adhd-and-the-mediating-roles-of-stress-self-esteem-and-craving
#18
Ofir Turel, Antoine Bechara
BACKGROUND: Adults who present ADHD symptoms have an increased risk for vehicle accidents. One conceivable overlooked account for this association is the possibility that people with ADHD symptoms use rewarding technologies such as social networking sites (SNS) while driving, more than others. The objective of this study was to understand if and how ADHD symptoms can promote SNS use while driving and specifically to conceptualize and examine mechanisms which may underlie this association...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26946768/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-among-schoolchildren-in-novi-sad
#19
Erzebet Ac-Nikolić, Dragana Zarić, Olja Nićiforović-Šurković
INTRODUCTION: Internet use has increased rapidly all over the world. Excessive Internet use tends to lead to the creation of a non-chemical addiction, most commonly known as "Internet addiction." OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was an assessment of the prevalence of Internet use and Internet addiction among school children aged 14-18 years in the Municipality of Novi Sad, Serbia, and influence of sociodemographic variables on Internet use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Novi Sad among final-year students from elementary and first- and second-year students from high schools...
November 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26931108/simple-construct-evaluation-with-latent-class-analysis-an-investigation-of-facebook-addiction-and-the-development-of-a-short-form-of-the-facebook-addiction-test-f-at
#20
Michael Dantlgraber, Eunike Wetzel, Petra Schützenberger, Stefan Stieger, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
In psychological research, there is a growing interest in using latent class analysis (LCA) for the investigation of quantitative constructs. The aim of this study is to illustrate how LCA can be applied to gain insights on a construct and to select items during test development. We show the added benefits of LCA beyond factor-analytic methods, namely being able (1) to describe groups of participants that differ in their response patterns, (2) to determine appropriate cutoff values, (3) to evaluate items, and (4) to evaluate the relative importance of correlated factors...
September 2016: Behavior Research Methods
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