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associated factors for depression in elderly at home for age

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540343/psychosocial-well-being-associated-with-activity-of-daily-living-stages-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Ling Na, Joel E Streim
Objectives: Activity of daily living (ADL) stages demonstrated ordered associations with risk of chronic conditions, hospitalization, nursing home use, and mortality among community-living elderly. This article explores the association of stages with psychosocial well-being. We hypothesized that higher ADL stages (greater ADL limitation) are associated with more restricted social networks, less perceived social support, greater social isolation, and poorer mental health. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 3,002) were analyzed in regression models and latent factor models...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#2
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
July 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146160/depression-among-the-elderly-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#3
Inês Gullich, Suele Manjourani Silva Duro, Juraci Almeida Cesar
This study assessed the prevalence of depression and associated factors among Brazilian elderly in Arroio Trinta, Southern Brazil. During home visits, a questionnaire was administered to all people aged 60 or older living in the municipality in 2013. The Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (GDS-15) was used. The χ 2 test was performed to compare proportions and Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance in the multivariate analysis. The effect measure applied was the prevalence ratio. The prevalence of depression among 552 (out of 568) elderly studied was 20...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122396/predictors-of-postoperative-falls-in-the-first-and-second-postoperative-years-among-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#4
Hsiang-Fen Yeh, Jung-Hua Shao, Chia-Lin Li, Chi-Chuan Wu, Yea-Ing L Shyu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore risk factors for a single fall and multiple falls in the first and second postoperative years among older people hip fracture patients. BACKGROUND: Older people hip fracture patients have a high probability of falling again after a fall incident. Risk factors for postoperative falls among older people hip fracture patients in Taiwan remain to be confirmed. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. METHODS: Data collected from control groups of two clinical trials conducted during 2001-2004 and during 2005-2009 were selected...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101555/predictors-for-living-at-home-after-geriatric-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Stefan Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient characteristics predicting living at home after geriatric rehabilitation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS: A total of 210 patients aged 65 years or older receiving inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Candidate predictors evaluated during rehabilitation were: age, vulnerability (Vulnerable Elders Survey), multimorbidity (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale), cognition (Mini-Mental State Examination), depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), living alone, previous independence in activities of daily living, fall risk, and mobility at discharge (Timed Up and Go test)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859762/death-wishes-among-older-people-assessed-for-home-support-and-long-term-aged-residential-care
#6
Gary Cheung, Siobhan Edwards, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVE: Death wishes in older people are common and may progress to suicidal ideation and attempts. This study used routinely collected data from the interRAI Home Care assessment to examine the prevalence and clinical predictors of death wishes in older New Zealanders assessed for home support and long-term aged residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 734 people aged over 65 during 2012-2014. Chi-squared analyses were used to determine significant relationships between the presence of death wishes and demographic factors, health and functional status, and emotional and psychosocial well-being...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645519/factors-associated-with-attitudes-toward-the-elderly-in-a-sample-of-elderly-caregivers
#7
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Allan Gustavo Brigola, Luciana Kusumota, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Sueli Marques
BACKGROUND: The number of elderly caregivers is increasing in the world. It is important to know the attitudes toward the elderly, because they can influence a range of behaviors. Our aim was to determine factors associated with attitudes toward the elderly in a sample of older carers. METHODS: Three hundred and thirteen elderly caregivers (75.4% women, mean age 69.7 ± 7.1) who cared for a dependent older person at home completed a cross-sectional household interview...
September 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341438/association-of-hypertension-with-depression-and-generalized-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-large-population-based-sample-of-older-adults
#8
Imad Maatouk, Wolfgang Herzog, Friederike Böhlen, Renate Quinzler, Bernd Löwe, Kai-Uwe Saum, Hermann Brenner, Beate Wild
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the association of hypertension and symptoms of depression and generalized anxiety in a large cohort of elderly people. METHODS: Data were derived from the 8-year follow-up (2008-2010) of the epidemiological ESTHER-cohort study. A total of 3124 randomly chosen participants aged 57-84 were visited at their homes by trained study doctors. General practitioner based diagnosis, self-reported status of hypertension, medication, and blood pressure measurement were considered to define the existence of hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294403/anticholinergic-medication-use-and-risk-of-fracture-in-elderly-adults-with-depression
#9
Satabdi Chatterjee, Vishal Bali, Ryan M Carnahan, Hua Chen, Michael L Johnson, Rajender R Aparasu
Limited research exists regarding the effect of anticholinergics on falls and fractures in elderly nursing home residents in the United States. This study examined the risk of fractures associated with anticholinergic medication use in elderly nursing home residents with depression. A nested case-control design involving a cohort of elderly adults with depression from the 2007 to 2010 Minimum Data Set (MDS)-linked Medicare data was used to evaluate the risk of fractures. The study sample included Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older diagnosed with depression having at least one nursing home stay during 2007 to 2010 and no history of falls or fractures in 2007 (base period)...
July 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976294/anticholinergic-medication-use-and-risk-of-dementia-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-with-depression
#10
Satabdi Chatterjee, Vishal Bali, Ryan M Carnahan, Michael L Johnson, Hua Chen, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of dementia with anticholinergic use among elderly nursing home residents with depression. DESIGN: Population-based nested case-control study. SETTING: Population-based study involving 2007-2010 Minimum Data Set-linked Medicare data from all 50 states. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older, diagnosed with depression, and no history of dementia as of 2007 (baseline period)...
June 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938359/mental-health-disorders-in-elderly-people-receiving-home-care-prevalence-and-correlates-in-the-national-u-s-population
#11
Jinjiao Wang, Joan A Kearney, Haomiao Jia, Jingjing Shang
BACKGROUND: Current evidence on mental health disorders (MHDs) in the U.S. elderly home care population is highly varied and limited to the local level. AIM: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of U.S. elders with MHDs on the national level. METHODS: This is a primary analysis of secondary use data from a 5% random sample of the 2010 National Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) data spanning a 60-day home care session...
March 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26241599/violence-in-the-united-states-status-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Steven A Sumner, James A Mercy, Linda L Dahlberg, Susan D Hillis, Joanne Klevens, Debra Houry
IMPORTANCE: Interpersonal violence, which includes child abuse and neglect, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and elder abuse, affects millions of US residents each year. However, surveillance systems, programs, and policies to address violence often lack broad, cross-sector collaboration, and there is limited awareness of effective strategies to prevent violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of interpersonal violence in the United States, explore challenges to violence prevention efforts and to identify prevention opportunities...
August 4, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131759/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-in-elderly-mexican-americans
#13
Sunshine Rote, Nai-Wei Chen, Kyriakos Markides
OBJECTIVES: To identify depressive symptom trajectories and factors associated with trajectory group membership in the very old segment of the rapidly growing and long-living Mexican-American population. DESIGN: Latent growth curve modeling was used to identify depressive symptom trajectories and multinomial logistic regression to identify factors associated with trajectory group membership. SETTING: Data spanning three waves and 7 years (2004-05, 2007-08, 2010-11) drawn from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly; homes of Mexican-origin elderly adults...
July 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25932256/risk-factors-for-depression-among-elderly-subjects-with-hypertension-living-at-home-in-china
#14
Lina Ma, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Yun Li, Jieyu Wang, Ming Feng, Yuying Qian
OBJECTIVE: Studies of factors associated with symptoms of depression in the elderly in China are scarce, especially for those with hypertension residing at home in the general population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the risk factors for depression in a hypertensive population residing in Beijing in 2004. The sample population consisted of 1064 people aged ≥ 60 years dwelling in an urban district, a suburb, and in mountain country...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834414/sleep-cognitions-associated-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-the-elderly
#15
Marie-France Leblanc, Sophie Desjardins, Alain Desgagné
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify the maladaptive sleep-related cognitions most often maintained by the elderly, according to the presence or absence of anxiety and mood disorders. The presence of dysfunctional sleep-related beliefs and attitudes at bedtime in asymptomatic, depressive, and anxious seniors was thus compared. The second objective was to verify the relationships between various dysfunctional cognitions and mental disorders. METHOD: The sample in this study consisted of 2,759 participants aged 65 years and over, with a mean age of 73...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25566958/impact-of-multiple-low-level-anticholinergic-medications-on-anticholinergic-load-of-community-dwelling-elderly-with-and-without-dementia
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen E Mate, Karen P Kerr, Dimity Pond, Evan J Williams, John Marley, Peter Disler, Henry Brodaty, Parker J Magin
BACKGROUND: Elderly people, particularly those with dementia, are sensitive to adverse anticholinergic drug effects. This study examines the prevalence of anticholinergic medication, and anticholinergic load and its predictors, in community-dwelling elderly patients (aged 75 years and older) in Australia. METHODS: A research nurse visited the home of each participant (n = 1,044), compiled a list of current medications, and assessed participants' cognitive status using a subsection of the revised Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of the Elderly (CAMCOG-R)...
February 2015: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25527283/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-mental-health-services-in-depressed-adults-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes
#17
Se Jin Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Ju Young Kim, Sohye Kim, Sungwon Roh
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the utilization of mental health services (MHSs) by adults with a depressive mood and to identify the influencing sociodemographic factors, using a nationwide representative Korean sample. METHODS: The study included 2735 subjects, aged 19 years or older, who had experienced a depressive mood continuously for over 2 weeks within the previous year, using the data from the KNHANES IV (Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), which was performed between 2007 and 2009, and involved a nationally representative sample of the Korean community population who were visited at home...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25514968/predictors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-community-dwelling-frail-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Amy Hsu, Jessamyn Conell-Price, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Catherine Eng, Alison J Huang, Kathy Rice-Trumble, Sei J Lee
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a potent risk factor for urinary incontinence. Previous studies of incontinence in patients with diabetes have focused on younger, healthier patients. Our objective was to characterize risk factors for urinary incontinence among frail older adults with diabetes mellitus in a real-world clinical setting. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis on enrollees at On Lok (the original Program for All-Inclusive Care of the Elderly) between October 2004 and December 2010...
2014: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25407612/exergaming-to-increase-the-exercise-capacity-and-daily-physical-activity-in-heart-failure-patients-a-pilot-study
#19
Leonie Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg
BACKGROUND: Regular daily physical activity is recognised as important in heart failure (HF) patients, but adherence to physical activity is low (<50%). To improve adherence to exercise in HF patients, alternative approaches to motivate and increase self-efficacy to exercise are needed. Therefore, we have studied a new phenomenon: exergames (games to improve physical exercise). The aims of the study were to assess the influence of the exergame platform Nintendo Wii on exercise capacity and daily physical activity in heart failure patients, to study factors related to exercise capacity and daily physical activity, and to assess patients' adherence to exergaming...
November 18, 2014: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25262425/psychosocial-factors-modify-the-association-of-frailty-with-adverse-outcomes-a-prospective-study-of-hospitalised-older-people
#20
Elsa Dent, Emiel O Hoogendijk
BACKGROUND: Frailty increases the risk of adverse outcomes in older people. The impact of psychosocial factors on frailty and adverse clinical outcomes associated with frailty has not yet been examined in the hospital setting. The aims of this study were to: i) investigate the association between psychosocial factors and frailty, and ii) to establish whether psychosocial factors impact on the association between frailty and adverse outcomes. METHODS: Data was collected from a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit (GEMU) in Australia...
2014: BMC Geriatrics
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