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elderly at home for age

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822918/screening-for-frailty-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-predictive-validity-of-the-modified-sega-instrument
#1
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#2
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812402/older-persons-experiences-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-with-behavioral-change-support
#3
Marina Arkkukangas, Annelie J Sundler, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons. PURPOSE: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons' experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809199/the-role-of-ict-in-home-care
#4
Sofie Wass, Vivian Vimarlund
With an ageing population and limited resources, ICT is often mentioned as a solution to support elderly people in maintaining an independent and healthy lifestyle. In this paper, we describe how ICT can support access to information and rationalization of work processes in a home care context. We do this by modelling the workflow and identifying the possible impact of ICT. The results show a complex process and indicate that the available resources are not used in the best possible way. The introduction of ICT could increase patient safety by reducing the risk of misplacing information about the care recipients and at the same time provide real time information about the care recipients' needs and health at the point of care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804877/validation-of-a-geriatric-trauma-prognosis-calculator-a-p-a-l-li-a-t-e-consortium-study
#5
Allyson C Cook, Bellal Joseph, M Jane Mohler, Kenji Inaba, Brandon R Bruns, Paul A Nakonezny, Jeff D Kerby, Karen J Brasel, Steven E Wolf, Joseph Cuschieri, M Elizabeth Paulk, Ramona L Rhodes, Scott C Brakenridge, A Peter Ekeh, Herb A Phelan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The P.A.L.Li.A.T.E. (prognostic assessment of life and limitations after trauma in the elderly) consortium has previously created a prognosis calculator for mortality after geriatric injury based on age, injury severity, and transfusion requirement called the geriatric trauma outcome score (GTOS). Here, we sought to create and validate a prognosis calculator called the geriatric trauma outcome score ii (GTOS II) estimating probability of unfavorable discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
July 14, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796160/epidemiology-of-fall-injury-in-rural-bangladesh
#8
Shirin Wadhwaniya, Olakunle Alonge, Md Kamran Ul Baset, Salim Chowdhury, Al-Amin Bhuiyan, Adnan A Hyder
Globally, falls are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths, with 80% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. The overall objective of this study is to describe the burden and risk factors of falls in rural Bangladesh. In 2013, a large household survey covering a population of 1,169,593 was conducted in seven rural sub-districts of Bangladesh to assess the burden of all injuries, including falls. The recall periods for non-fatal and fatal injuries were six and 12 months, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791772/functional-trajectories-of-older-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-care-unit-for-elders
#9
Andreina D'Onofrio, Christophe Büla, Eve Rubli, Fabiana Butrogno, Diane Morin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the functional trajectories of older medical inpatients and to identify factors associated with overall and in-hospital functional decline. BACKGROUND: Functional decline during a hospital stay is an important clinical outcome because independence remains a major determinant of older persons' quality of life and health care demands. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants (n = 189) were admitted to the Acute Care Unit for Elders of a Swiss academic hospital and were aged 65 years and older...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774959/what-is-the-ethics-of-ageing
#10
Christopher Simon Wareham
Applied ethics is home to numerous productive subfields such as procreative ethics, intergenerational ethics and environmental ethics. By contrast, there is far less ethical work on ageing, and there is no boundary work that attempts to set the scope for 'ageing ethics' or the 'ethics of ageing'. Yet ageing is a fundamental aspect of life; arguably even more fundamental and ubiquitous than procreation. To remedy this situation, I examine conceptions of what the ethics of ageing might mean and argue that these conceptions fail to capture the requirements of the desired subfield...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760428/influence-of-nutritional-status-in-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-nursing-home-residents
#11
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María E Torres-Anoro, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and sarcopenia frequently coexist in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status in the diagnosis of sarcopenia in nursing home residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from 339 elderly patients living in five nursing homes. Sarcopenia was defined according to the consensus definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Body mass composition was assessed using bioimpedance analysis, handgrip strength using a dynamometer, and physical performance by 5-m gait speed test...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758532/a-multi-perspective-evaluation-of-a-service-robot-for-seniors-the-voice-of-different-stakeholders
#12
Sandra Bedaf, Patrizia Marti, Farshid Amirabdollahian, Luc de Witte
PURPOSE: The potential of service robots for seniors is given increasing attention as the ageing population in Western countries will continue to grow as well as the demand for home care. In order to capture the experience of living with a robot at home, a multi-perspective evaluation was conducted. METHODS: Older adults (n = 10) were invited to execute an actual interaction scenario with the Care-O-bot(®) robot in a home-like environment and were questioned about their experiences...
July 31, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757332/prediction-of-the-incidence-of-falls-and-deaths-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-the-senior-study
#13
Fanny Buckinx, Jean-Louis Croisier, Jean-Yves Reginster, Céline Lenaerts, Théo Brunois, Xavier Rygaert, Jean Petermans, Olivier Bruyère
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate, among nursing home residents, the extent to which the various operational definitions of frailty predict mortality and falls at 1 year. METHODS: We studied 662 participants from the Sample of Elderly Nursing home Individuals: An Observational Research (SENIOR) cohort aged 83.2 ± 8.99 years, including 484 (72.5%) women and living in nursing homes. Among this cohort, 584 and 565 participants, respectively, were monitored over 12 months for mortality assessment and for occurrence of falls (ie, by mean of their medical records)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725985/diversity-in-fall-characteristics-hampers-effective-prevention-the-precipitants-the-environment-the-fall-and-the-injury
#14
K M Sanders, K Lim, A L Stuart, A Macleod, D Scott, G C Nicholson, L Busija
Falls among the elderly are common and characteristics may differ between injurious and non-injurious falls. Among 887 older Australian women followed for 1.6 years, 32% fell annually. Only 8.5% resulted in fracture and/or hospital admission. The characteristics of those falls are indistinguishable from those not coming to medical attention. INTRODUCTION: The precipitants and environment of all falls occurring among a large cohort of older Caucasian women were categorised by injury status to determine if the characteristics differed between injurious and non-injurious falls...
July 19, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721427/prevalence-of-frailty-in-nursing-home-residents-according-to-various-diagnostic-tools
#15
F Buckinx, J-Y Reginster, S Gillain, J Petermans, T Brunois, O Bruyère
BACKGROUND: Although the theoretical foundations of frailty are well established in the literature, it remains an evolving concept lacking any unique definition or diagnostic criteria for use in clinical practice and epidemiological research. No consensus exists about the accurate prevalence rates of frailty. The various operational definitions of frailty can at least partly explain such discrepancies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of frailty, measured with different diagnostic tools, among elderly nursing home residents...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#16
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712166/quality-of-life-through-listening-music-among-elderly-people-in-semi-urban-area-thailand
#17
Supang Wattanasoei, Bussakorn Binson, Ramesh Kumar, Ratana Somrongthong, Naowarat Kanchanakhan
BACKGROUND: Aging is one of the biggest problems in Southeast Asia due to their rapidly growing population of the older person. Old aging population is usually confined to their homes resulting in poor quality of life (QOL). Music has been found to be the great activity for older peoples with physical, emotional and social disorders hence, it affects on quality of their life. This study explored the music preference among elderly people and their quality of life in the semi-urban of Thailand...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709946/frailty-and-sarcopenia-do-not-predict-adverse-events-in-an-elderly-population-undergoing-non-complex-primary-elective-surgery-for-degenerative-conditions-of-the-lumbar-spine
#18
Raphaële Charest-Morin, John Street, Honglin Zhang, Taren Roughead, Tamir Ailon, Michael Boyd, Marcel Dvorak, Brian Kwon, Scott Paquette, Nicolas Dea, Charles G Fisher, Alana M Flexman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sarcopenia measured by normalized total psoas area (NTPA) has been shown to predict mortality and adverse events (AE) in numerous surgical populations. The relationship between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes after surgery for degenerative spine disease (DSD) has not been investigated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationships between sarcopenia, frailty and postoperative adverse events in the elderly DSD population. Secondary objectives were to describe the distribution and predictors of NTPA and to determine the relationship between sarcopenia, frailty and length of stay, discharge to a facility and in-hospital mortality...
July 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706171/-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-on-caring-experience-of-spouses-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-at-home
#19
Hye Young Jang, Myungsun Yi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand and describe the caring experiences of spouses of elderly people with dementia. METHODS: The hermeneutic phenomenological method was used and participants were 12 spouses aged 65 and over who were taking care of their husbands or wives with dementia at home. Data were collected from individual in-depth interviews on participants' actual caring experiences. Additionally, novels, movies, and memoirs on elderly couples with partner who had dementia were included as data for the analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704826/dialysis-in-the-elderly-and-impact-of-institutionalization-in-the-united-states-renal-data-system
#20
Amarpali Brar, Mary Mallappallil, Dimitre G Stefanov, David Kau, Moro O Salifu
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that in the very elderly dialysis patients in the United States, institutionalization in nursing homes would increase mortality in addition to age alone. METHODS: Incident dialysis patients from 2001 to 2008 above the age of 70 were included. Patients above 70 were categorized into 4 groups according to age as 70-75, 76-80, 81-85, and >85 years and further divided into institutionalized and noninstitutionalized. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted to assess patient survival...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
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