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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#1
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229592/a-human-centered-platform-for-hiv-infection-reduction-in-new-york-development-and-usage-analysis-of-the-ending-the-epidemic-ete-dashboard
#2
Ashish Joshi, Chioma Amadi, Benjamin Katz, Sarah Kulkarni, Denis Nash
BACKGROUND: Dashboards have been increasingly used in clinic-based interventions, such as clinical performance improvement and monitoring risk of hospital readmissions, and are now gaining traction in population-based interventions, especially in disease assessment. OBJECTIVE: We describe the design, development, and usage analysis of a geovisualization dashboard, the Ending the Epidemic (ETE) Dashboard. The ETE dashboard is a tool developed to track New York's progress towards achieving the goal of its ETE Initiative, to reduce new HIV infections from 3000 per year to 750 per year by the end of 2020...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#3
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216756/the-influence-of-perceived-stress-and-depression-on-suicide-related-beliefs-in-caucasian-and-indian-adults
#4
Supria K Gill, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Suicidality research in developing countries, including India, faces logistical and cultural challenges. Technology may help address these challenges and offer data to providers treating a diverse clientele. METHOD: The relationship between perceived stress and suicide-related beliefs was examined in two populations: Indians in India (n = 374) and Caucasians in English-speaking countries (n = 326); the influence of depression on that relationship was also explored...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214241/text-messaging-may-engage-and-benefit-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regardless-of-health-literacy-status
#5
Erin M Bergner, Lyndsay A Nelson, Russell L Rothman, Lindsay Mayberry
Background: Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to improve diabetes self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, patients who do not engage with interventions may not reap benefits, and there is little evidence on how engagement with mobile health interventions varies by health literacy status. Objective: This study explored how patients with limited health literacy engaged with and experienced Rapid Education/Encouragement and Communications for Health (REACH), a text messaging intervention designed to support the self-care adherence of disadvantaged patients with T2D...
October 2017: Health Literacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209693/health-self-perception-in-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-a-web-survey
#6
M Chiarini, E Di Simone, C Scafuro, F Auddino, M Fabbri, A Delli Poggi, S Catanzaro, N Giannetta, M Di Muzio
BACKGROUND: Crohn's Disease (CD) has an incidence on the physical and psychological autonomy of the patient, such as to alter their daily life. The impact of the disease on the daily life of the patients is related to the symptoms and complications of the disease. Patient autonomy and participation in social and work life are the goals that nurses must reach for patients with CD to improve their quality of life. AIM: To measure the perception of the health of people with a diagnosis of CD...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208040/a-systematic-review-of-school-based-ehealth-interventions-targeting-alcohol-use-smoking-physical-inactivity-diet-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep-among-adolescents-a-review-protocol
#7
Katrina E Champion, Nicola C Newton, Bonnie Spring, Q Eileen Wafford, Belinda J Parmenter, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Six key behavioural risk factors (risky alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers. School-based interventions targeting these multiple health risk behaviours among adolescents have the potential to halt the trajectory towards later disease, whilst online and mobile technology interventions offer advantages in terms of student engagement, reach and scalability...
December 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207536/text-messaging-based-obesity-prevention-program-for-parents-of-pre-adolescent-african-american-girls
#8
Chishinga Callender, Deborah Thompson
African American girls are at a greater risk of obesity than their nonminority peers. Parents have the primary control over the home environment and play an important role in the child obesity prevention. Obesity prevention programs to help parents develop an obesity-preventive home environment are needed. The purpose of this study was to collect formative research from parents of 8-10-year old African American girls about perceptions, expectations, and content for a text messaging based program. Mothers (n = 30) participated in surveys and interviews to inform message development and content...
December 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204462/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-sources-of-information-and-adolescents-knowledge-and-perceptions
#9
Brittany L Rosen, Marcia L Shew, Gregory D Zimet, Lili Ding, Tanya L K Mullins, Jessica A Kahn
Understanding where adolescents obtain information about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines may be helpful in designing public health interventions promoting HPV vaccination. This study assessed the following: (1) exposure to specific sources of information about HPV vaccines, (2) self-reported helpfulness of these sources of information, and (3) whether the specific source of information was associated with knowledge and perceptions about HPV vaccines among adolescent girls. There were 339 adolescent girls (mean age = 16...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202791/factors-associated-with-unwillingness-to-seek-professional-help-for-depression-a-web-based-survey
#10
Eisho Yoshikawa, Toshiatsu Taniguchi, Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shin Ishiguro, Hiromichi Matsumura
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent disorder that has a substantial impact on not only individuals but also society as a whole. Despite many effective depression interventions, delay in initial treatment contact is problematic. The Internet is a possible tool for low-cost dissemination of appropriate information and awareness raising about depressive disorders among the general public. This study aimed to identify factors associated with unwillingness to seek professional help for depression in Internet users...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200577/unguided-mental-health-self-help-apps-reflections-on-challenges-through-a-clinician-s-lens
#11
Seema Mehrotra, Satish Kumar, Paulomi Sudhir, Girish N Rao, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Aditi Gandotra
The past one decade has witnessed a boom in the availability of Internet-based self-help apps in the field of mental health. Several apps have emerged that aim to provide information and strategies to empower individuals with self-help approaches to deal with issues and concerns related to mental health. A large number of these apps in developing countries are likely to be those which depend entirely on the users to go over the self-help program on their own (unguided internet-based self-help). Only a few apps add a component of periodic professional contact/technical support through phone/email or other means to supplement the self-help strategies suggested in the app that the user is expected to utilize...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196281/the-use-of-avatar-counseling-for-hiv-aids-health-education-the-examination-of-self-identity-in-avatar-preferences
#12
Shantrel Canidate, Mark Hart
BACKGROUND: The number of adults using the Internet to obtain health information is on the rise. An estimated 66% of the adults reportedly use the Internet to obtain health information related to a specific disease (ie, human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV/AIDS). Previous research has demonstrated that health information seekers use the Internet to seek answers to stigma-laden questions from health avatars. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify patterns in the choice of avatar among health information seekers (patients or public health workers) using the Internet to obtain HIV/AIDS information and to describe the demographic characteristics (age, gender, and ethnicity) of health information seekers to determine whether they preferred an avatar that was similar to their own gender and ethnicity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194899/improving-screening-and-brief-intervention-activities-in-primary-health-care-secondary-analysis-of-professional-accuracy-based-on-the-audit-c
#13
J Palacio-Vieira, L Segura, P Anderson, A Wolstenholme, C Drummond, P Bendtsen, M Wojnar, E Kaner, M N Keurhorst, B van Steenkiste, K Kłoda, A Mierzecki, K Parkinson, D Newbury-Birch, K Okulicz-Kozaryn, P Deluca, J Colom, A Gual
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The ODHIN trial found that training and support and financial reimbursement increased the proportion of patients that were screened and given advice for their heavy drinking in primary health care. However, the impact of these strategies on professional accuracy in delivering screening and brief advice is underresearched and is the focus of this paper. METHOD: From 120 primary health care units (24 in each jurisdiction: Catalonia, England, the Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden), 746 providers participated in the baseline and the 12-week implementation periods...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193654/technology-experience-of-solid-organ-transplant-patients-and-their-overall-willingness-to-use-interactive-health-technology
#14
Jasper M M Vanhoof, Bert Vandenberghe, David Geerts, Pieter Philippaerts, Patrick De Mazière, Annette DeVito Dabbs, Sabina De Geest, Fabienne Dobbels
BACKGROUND: The use of interactive health technology (IHT) is a promising pathway to tackle self-management problems experienced by many chronically ill patients, including solid organ transplant (Tx) patients. Yet, to ensure that the IHT is accepted and used, a human-centered design process is needed, actively involving end users in all steps of the development process. A first critical, predevelopment step involves understanding end users' characteristics. This study therefore aims to (a) select an IHT platform to deliver a self-management support intervention most closely related to Tx patients' current use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), (b) understand Tx patients' overall willingness to use IHT for self-management support, and investigate associations with relevant technology acceptance variables, and (c) explore Tx patients' views on potential IHT features...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191799/implementation-of-a-web-based-organ-donation-educational-intervention-development-and-use-of-a-refined-process-evaluation-model
#15
Nakeva Redmond, Laura Harker, Yvan Bamps, Shauna St Clair Flemming, Jennie P Perryman, Nancy J Thompson, Rachel E Patzer, Nancy S DeSousa Williams, Kimberly R Jacob Arriola
BACKGROUND: The lack of available organs is often considered to be the single greatest problem in transplantation today. Internet use is at an all-time high, creating an opportunity to increase public commitment to organ donation through the broad reach of Web-based behavioral interventions. Implementing Internet interventions, however, presents challenges including preventing fraudulent respondents and ensuring intervention uptake. Although Web-based organ donation interventions have increased in recent years, process evaluation models appropriate for Web-based interventions are lacking...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191161/using-mechanical-turk-to-recruit-participants-for-internet-intervention-research-experience-from-recruitment-for-four-trials-targeting-hazardous-alcohol-consumption
#16
John A Cunningham, Alexandra Godinho, Vladyslav Kushnir
BACKGROUND: Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is an online portal operated by Amazon where 'requesters' (individuals or businesses) can submit jobs for 'workers.' MTurk is used extensively by academics as a quick and cheap means of collecting questionnaire data, including information on alcohol consumption, from a diverse sample of participants. We tested the feasibility of recruiting for alcohol Internet intervention trials through MTurk. METHODS: Participants, 18 years or older, who drank at least weekly were recruited for four intervention trials (combined sample size, N = 11,107)...
December 1, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185535/behavioral-therapy-for-tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Odette Fründt, Douglas Woods, Christos Ganos
Purpose of review: To summarize behavioral interventions for the treatment of primary tic disorders. Recent findings: Although tics were attributed to a disordered weak volition, the shift towards neurobiological models of tic disorders also transformed nonpharmacologic treatment practices. Current international guidelines recommend habit reversal training, comprehensive behavioral intervention, and exposure and response prevention as first-line therapies for tics...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184694/survivorship-after-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer-insights-via-an-internet-based-survivorship-care-plan-tool
#18
REVIEW
Melissa A Frick, Carolyn C Vachani, Margaret K Hampshire, Christina Bach, Karen Arnold-Korzeniowski, James M Metz, Christine E Hill-Kayser
Pancreatic cancer survivors face a unique set of challenges in survivorship, yet structured survivorship care planning is lacking in practice. Survivorship care plans (SCPs) are an essential part of quality cancer care and can facilitate the transition following active treatment; the use of SCPs in pancreatic cancer survivors, however, has not been explored. With a convenience sample of 117 pancreatic cancer survivors and proxies who used an Internet-based SCP tool, we examined treatment details, patient-reported outcomes, and survivorship practices...
October 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183870/online-self-management-support-for-family-caregivers-to-help-them-manage-behavior-changes-in-their-relative-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-a-process-evaluation
#19
Judith G Huis In Het Veld, Bernadette M Willemse, Iris Fm van Asch, Rob Bm Groot Zwaaftink, Paul-Jeroen Verkade, Nienke J Veldhuijzen, Renate Verkaik, Marco M Blom, Anneke L Francke
BACKGROUND: Online interventions are potentially effective ways to support family caregivers in the management of behavior changes in their relative with dementia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to present the design of a study evaluating and comparing 3 intervention arms for online self-management support. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted with a total of 81 family caregivers of community-dwelling people with dementia in the Netherlands...
November 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183357/automated-telephone-interventions-for-problematic-alcohol-use-in-clinical-and-population-samples-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Claes Andersson, Mikael Gajecki, Agneta Öjehagen, Anne H Berman
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate 6-month outcomes for brief and extensive automated telephony interventions targeting problematic alcohol use, in comparison to an assessment-only control group. The secondary objective was to compare levels of problematic alcohol use (hazardous, harmful or probable dependence), gender and age among study participants from clinical psychiatric and addiction outpatient settings and from population-based telephone helpline users and Internet help-seeker samples...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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