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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031492/comprehensive-vs-assisted-management-of-mood-and-pain-symptoms-cammps-trial-study-design-and-sample-characteristics
#1
Kurt Kroenke, Erica Evans, Sharon Weitlauf, Stephanie McCalley, Brian Porter, Tabeel Williams, Fitsum Baye, Spencer G Lourens, Marianne S Matthias, Matthew J Bair
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most common presenting somatic symptom in medical outpatients, and depression and anxiety are the two most common mental disorders. They frequently co-occur, are under-treated, and result in substantial disability and reduced health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive vs. Assisted Management of Mood and Pain Symptoms (CAMMPS) study is a randomized comparative effectiveness trial designed to test the relative effectiveness of a lower-resource vs...
October 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031090/recreational-drug-use-and-risk-of-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shenzhen-china
#2
Chenlin Duan, Lan Wei, Yitian Cai, Lin Chen, Zhengrong Yang, Wei Tan, Yongxia Gan, William W Au, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Recreational drug use has increased in recent years, especially among MSM, and has been found to be associated with higher risk of HIV infection. However, there is limited information about current recreational drug use among MSM in Shenzhen which is an international gateway city to China with a rapidly expanding MSM population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among MSM in Shenzhen was conducted and was used to collected information on demographics, sexual behavior and drug use via questionnaires...
October 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030329/effect-of-a-website-that-presents-patients-experiences-on-self-efficacy-and-patient-competence-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jürgen M Giesler, Bettina Keller, Tim Repke, Rainer Leonhart, Joachim Weis, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Nina Rieckmann, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Gabriele Lucius-Hoene, Christine Holmberg
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek other patients' experiences with the disease. The Internet provides a wide range of opportunities to share and learn about other people's health and illness experiences via blogs or patient-initiated online discussion groups. There also exists a range of medical information devices that include experiential patient information. However, there are serious concerns about the use of such experiential information because narratives of others may be powerful and pervasive tools that may hinder informed decision making...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021126/healthydads-ca-what-do-men-want-in-a-website-designed-to-promote-emotional-wellness-and-healthy-behaviors-during-the-transition-to-parenthood
#4
Deborah Da Costa, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Nicole Letourneau, Andrew Howlett, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Brian Russell, Steven Grover, Ilka Lowensteyn, Peter Chan, Samir Khalifé
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of men experience depression and/or anxiety during the transition to parenthood. Interventions designed specifically to promote the mental health of men during the transition to parenthood are scarce. Internet-delivered interventions may be acceptable and far-reaching in enhancing mental health, parenting knowledge, and healthy behaviors in expectant or new fathers. OBJECTIVE: To guide the development of Healthydads.ca, a website designed to enhance mental health and healthy behaviors in expectant fathers, a needs assessment was conducted to identify fathers' perspectives of barriers to seeking help for emotional wellness, informational needs, and factors affecting the decision to visit such a website...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021118/convergence-of-online-daily-diaries-and-timeline-followback-among-women-at-risk-for-alcohol-exposed-pregnancy
#5
Philip I Chow, Holly R Lord, Kirsten MacDonnell, Lee M Ritterband, Karen S Ingersoll
Researchers and clinicians interested in assessing drinking and unprotected sex in evaluating risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP) have limited options. The current investigation examined the degree to which data collected from online prospectively collected daily diaries (Diaries) converged with data from interviewer-administered retrospective timeline follow back (TLFB), the standard in AEP intervention studies. 71 women (Mage=27.7, SD=6.2) at risk for AEP were recruited via online advertising and were randomly assigned to an online patient education condition or a tailored, online internet intervention to reduce AEP risk...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020476/adulteration-and-counterfeiting-of-online-nutraceutical-formulations-in-the-united-states-time-for-intervention
#6
Mohamed Ismail Nounou, Yamin Ko, Nada A Helal, Jeremy F Boltz
Global prevalence of nutraceuticals is noticeably high. The American market is flooded with nutraceuticals claiming to be of natural origin and sold with a therapeutic claim by major online retail stores such as Amazon and eBay. The objective of this commentary is to highlight the possible problems of online-sold nutraceuticals in the United States with respect to claim, adulterants, and safety. Furthermore, there is a lack of strict regulatory laws governing the sales, manufacturing, marketing, and label claims of nutraceutical formulations currently sold in the U...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994194/positive-experiences-related-to-living-with-tinnitus-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Eldré W Beukes, Vinaya Manchaiah, Taylor E Valien, David M Baguley, Peter M Allen, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights related to positive experiences reported by adults with tinnitus living in the UK. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used in a sample of adults with tinnitus who were interested in undertaking an Internet-based intervention for tinnitus. SETTING: The study was UK wide and data collection was online. PARTICIPANTS: Participants consisted of 240 adults (137 males, 103 females), with an average age of 48...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993404/an-internet-supported-school-physical-activity-intervention-in-low-socioeconomic-status-communities-results-from-the-activity-and-motivation-in-physical-education-amped-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B Owen, Rhiannon L White, Louisa Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Thierno M O Diallo, Anthony J Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya MacMillan, Gregory S Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M Gore, Ester Cerin, Dylan P Cliff, David R Lubans
OBJECTIVE: Quality physical education (PE) is the cornerstone of comprehensive school physical activity (PA) promotion programmes. We tested the efficacy of a teacher professional learning intervention, delivered partially via the internet, designed to maximise opportunities for students to be active during PE lessons and enhance adolescents' motivation towards PE and PA. METHODS: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with teachers and Grade 8 students from secondary schools in low socioeconomic areas of Western Sydney, Australia...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992754/suicidal-ideation-and-related-factors-among-korean-high-school-students-a-focus-on-cyber-addiction-and-school-bullying
#9
Min Sohn, Heymin Oh, Sang-Kyu Lee, Marc N Potenza
The purpose of the study was to explore the association among suicidal ideation, cyber addiction, and school bullying of Korean high school students. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 416 students. The data were collected using structured questionnaires on suicidal ideation, Internet and smartphone addiction, experiences of school bullying, impulsiveness, and depression. Students who were bullied (odds ratio [ OR] = 3.0, 95% CI [1.1, 8.4]) and more depressed ( OR = 10.8, 95% CI [2.4, 48.2]) were more likely to have higher scores for suicidal ideation; however, when a lower stringency was used, female gender ( OR = 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990807/process-evaluation-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adults-with-tinnitus-in-the-context-of-a-randomised-control-trial
#10
Eldré W Beukes, Vinaya Manchaiah, David M Baguley, Peter M Allen, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The research objective was to identify processes that could either facilitate or hinder clinical implementation of an Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy intervention for tinnitus in the UK. This was done by exploring the research context, the intervention components and the factors that contributed to the outcomes obtained. DESIGN: This study investigated eight processes including the recruitment strategies, reach, research context, treatment dose delivered and received, implementation fidelity, barriers to implementation and effectiveness of the intervention...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989127/relationship-of-body-mass-index-with-diet-physical-activities-and-lifestyles-of-dental-students
#11
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988193/using-the-esexual-health-clinic-to-access-chlamydia-treatment-and-care-via-the-internet-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Jo Gibbs, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, Emma M Harding-Esch, Catherine H Mercer, Pam Sonnenberg, S Tariq Sadiq, Claudia S Estcourt, Maryam Shahmanesh
OBJECTIVE: We developed the eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC), an innovative, complex clinical and public health intervention, embedded within a specialist sexual health service. Patients with genital chlamydia access their results online and are offered medical management via an automated online clinical consultation, leading to antibiotic collection from community pharmacy. A telephone helpline, staffed by Sexual Health Advisers, is available to support patients and direct them to conventional services if appropriate...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986928/a-systematic-review-of-characteristics-of-couple-based-intervention-studies-addressing-sexuality-following-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Jona Ingibjorg Jonsdottir, Helga Jonsdottir, Marianne Klinke
AIM: To describe the characteristics of couple-based intervention studies that address sexuality following cancer. BACKGROUND: Sexuality-related problems are common among cancer survivors and their partners. DESIGN: Systematic literature review with a narrative summary of results. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, CINAHL and PsychINFO. We included studies published from 1 January 12009 - 31 December 2016...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984157/the-role-of-therapist-support-on-effectiveness-of-an-internet-based-modular-self-help-intervention-for-adjustment-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jonas Eimontas, Goda Gegieckaite, Migle Dovydaitiene, Egle Mazulyte, Zivile Rimsaite, Paulius Skruibis, Paulina Zelviene, Evaldas Kazlauskas
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder is among the most often diagnosed mental health disorders. Still, there is a lack of specific interventions available for adjustment disorder. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test if an internet-based self-help intervention for adjustment disorder could be effective without therapist involvement. DESIGN: A parallel group randomized controlled trial design was used to test the effectiveness of the Brief Adjustment Disorder Intervention (BADI) - an internet-based intervention for adjustment disorder...
October 6, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979217/perceived-severity-of-cyberbullying-differences-and-similarities-across-four-countries
#15
Benedetta E Palladino, Ersilia Menesini, Annalaura Nocentini, Piret Luik, Karin Naruskov, Zehra Ucanok, Aysun Dogan, Anja Schultze-Krumbholz, Markus Hess, Herbert Scheithauer
Cyberbullying is a ubiquitous topic when considering young people and internet and communication technologies (ICTs). For interventional purposes, it is essential to take into account the perspective of adolescents. This is the reason why our main focus is (1) investigating the role of different criteria in the perceived severity of cyberbullying incidents, and (2) examining the differences between countries in the perceived severity of cyberbullying. The sample consisted of 1,964 adolescents (48.2% girls) from middle and high schools of four different countries, i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973587/promoting-mental-wellbeing-among-older-people-technology-based-interventions
#16
Anna K Forsman, Johanna Nordmyr, Tihana Matosevic, A-La Park, Kristian Wahlbeck, David McDaid
This systematic review explored the effectiveness of technology-based interventions in promoting the mental health and wellbeing of people aged 65 and over. Data were collected as part of a wider review commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England on the effectiveness of different actions to promote the mental wellbeing and independence of older people. All studies identified through this review were subject to a detailed critical appraisal of quality, looking at internal and external validity...
August 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959453/trajectories-of-change-and-long-term-outcomes-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-insomnia-treatment-to-prevent-depression
#17
Philip J Batterham, Helen Christensen, Andrew J Mackinnon, John A Gosling, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband, Nick Glozier, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Insomnia treatment using an internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) program reduces depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. However, the speed, longevity and consistency of these effects are unknown. AIMS: To test the following: whether the efficacy of online CBT-I was sustained over 18 months; how rapidly the effects of CBT-I emerged; evidence for distinct trajectories of change in depressive symptoms; and predictors of these trajectories...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958209/the-effectiveness-of-einterventions-on-reducing-social-isolation-in-older-persons-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#18
Jennifer Chipps, Mary Ann Jarvis, Suvira Ramlall
As the older adult population group has been increasing in size, there has been evidence of growing social isolation and loneliness in their lives. The increased use of information communication technology and Internet-supported interventions has stimulated an interest in the benefits of eInterventions for older people and specifically in having a role in increasing social networks and decreasing loneliness. A systematic review of eInterventions to reduce loneliness in older people was conducted with the aim to synthesize high quality evidence on the effectiveness of eInterventions to decrease social isolation/loneliness for older people living in community/residential care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955704/busting-the-baby-teeth-myth-and-increasing-children-s-consumption-of-tap-water-building-public-will-for-children-s-oral-health-in-colorado
#19
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954716/comparison-of-internet-and-telephone-interventions-for-weight-loss-among-cancer-survivors-randomized-controlled-trial-and-feasibility-study
#20
Matthew Cox, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Janice Blalock, Yisheng Li, James Murray, Louis Pisters, Miguel Rodriguez-Bigas, Jaejoon Song, Emily Cox-Martin, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Weight loss interventions have been successfully delivered via several modalities, but recent research has focused on more disseminable and sustainable means such as telephone- or Internet-based platforms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare an Internet-delivered weight loss intervention to a comparable telephone-delivered weight loss intervention. METHODS: This randomized pilot study examined the effects of 6-month telephone- and Internet-delivered social cognitive theory-based weight loss interventions among 37 cancer survivors...
September 27, 2017: JMIR Cancer
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