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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109806/momordica-charantia-polysaccharides-ameliorate-oxidative-stress-hyperlipidemia-inflammation-and-apoptosis-during-myocardial-infarction-by-inhibiting-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#1
Mohammad Raish
The polysaccharide extract of Momordica charantia has various biological activities; however, its effect on endothelial dysfunction in myocardial infarction remains unclear. To elucidate this, myocardial infarction was induced in rats using isoproterenol (ISP). Pretreatment with M. charantia polysaccharides (MCP; 150 or 300mg/kg) for 25days significantly inhibited increases in heart weight, the heart-weight-to-body-weight ratio, and infarction size, and ameliorated the increased serum levels of aspartate transaminase, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, total cholesterol, triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104918/triglycerides-glucose-index-is-a-useful-surrogate-marker-of-insulin-resistance-among-adolescents
#2
B Kang, Y Yang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B-K Suh, K-H Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the association between the triglycerides/glucose index (TyG index) and the homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in the prediction of insulin resistance (IR) among adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 221 Korean adolescents (168 males and 53 females aged 9-13 years) from May to June 2014 in Chung-ju city. The TyG index was calculated as ln [triglycerides (mg/dl) × fasting glucose (mg/dl)/2]...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102978/pretreatment-cardiometabolic-status-in-youth-with-early-onset-psychosis-baseline-results-from-the-tea-trial
#3
Karsten G Jensen, Christoph U Correll, Ditte Rudå, Dea G Klauber, Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen, Birgitte Fagerlund, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Anders Fink-Jensen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe pretreatment cardiometabolic constitution in children and adolescents with first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: Baseline cardiometabolic assessment was performed in youths aged 12-17 years with FEP entering the Tolerability and Efficacy of Antipsychotics (TEA) trial and matched healthy controls. Patients were included between June 10, 2010, and January 29, 2014. ICD-10 was used as the diagnostic classification system. Cardiometabolic risk markers were compared between patients versus controls and antipsychotic-naive versus antipsychotic-exposed patients...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101773/what-is-the-appropriate-strategy-for-diagnosing-nafld-using-ultrasonography-in-obese-children
#4
Jee Hyun Lee, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify obese children who are candidates for a potential diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 242 obese children (122 boys and 120 girls) aged 7-16 years who were examined with abdominal ultrasonography in our pediatric obesity clinic. We compared patients in the normal group with those in the NAFLD group (mild disease, moderate to severe disease) and identified the optimal anthropometric parameters among height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip ratio to predict NAFLD using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098593/familial-dysbetalipoproteinemia-an-underdiagnosed-lipid-disorder
#5
Charlotte Koopal, A David Marais, Frank L J Visseren
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review pathophysiological, epidemiological and clinical aspects of familial dysbetalipoproteinemia; a model disease for remnant metabolism and remnant-associated cardiovascular risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia is characterized by remnant accumulation caused by impaired remnant clearance, and premature cardiovascular disease. Most familial dysbetalipoproteinemia patients are homozygous for apolipoprotein ε2, which is associated with decreased binding of apolipoprotein E to the LDL receptor...
January 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098053/dairy-consumption-is-associated-with-a-lower-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-aged-and-older-korean-adults-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#6
Dasom Kim, Jihye Kim
This cohort study examined the association between total and individual dairy products and the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean adults from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. We prospectively analysed 5510 participants aged 40-69 years without the MetS at baseline during a 10-year follow-up period. Dairy consumption was assessed with a semi-quantitative FFQ at baseline and after 4 years. The MetS was defined according to the criteria by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095913/effects-of-a-purified-krill-oil-phospholipid-rich-in-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-non-human-primates-with-naturally-occurring-diabetes-type-2-and-dyslipidemia
#7
Petter-Arnt Hals, Xiaoli Wang, Yong-Fu Xiao
BACKGROUND: High serum levels of cholesterol, in particular low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, are considered a significant risk factor for development of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, rigorous treatment regimens with statins and other pharmaceuticals have been used extensively to reduce elevated cholesterol levels. Literature data have not clearly concluded whether long-chain omega-3 fatty acids reduce, increase or leave circulating cholesterol unaffected. In the present study a novel krill-oil derived preparation of omega-3 rich phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholine, was administered orally at increasing doses for 12 weeks to dyslipidemic non-human primates, and cholesterols and several other risk factors for cardiovascular disease were measured before, during and after treatment...
January 17, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092610/effects-of-antioxidant-vitamins-a-d-e-and-trace-elements-cu-mn-se-zn-on-some-metabolic-and-reproductive-profiles-in-dairy-cows-during-transition-period
#8
A Omur, A Kirbas, E Aksu, F Kandemir, E Dorman, O Kaynar, O Ucar
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of some antioxidant vitamins and trace elements on some metabolic and postpartum reproductive profiles in dairy cows during transition period. In the study, altogether 20 clinically healthy Brown Swiss dairy cows (aged 4-5 years-old) under the same management and feeding conditions in periparturient period were used. The animals were divided into two equal groups: control (C) and treatment (T) group (n=10 for each group). Vitamins (A, D, E) and trace elements (Cu, Mn, Se, Zn) were administered intramuscularly into the cows of the T group, while isotonic saline, as placebo, was injected subcutaneously into those in the C group...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092276/asialoglycoprotein-receptors-as-important-mediators-of-plasma-lipids-and-atherosclerosis
#9
Suleiman A Igdoura
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to describe the role of the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGR) in modulating non-HDL lipoprotein levels, platelet numbers and atherosclerosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetics studies have revealed that ASGR haplodeficiency provides protection from atherosclerosis. The potential interactions of ASGR with LDL receptor may regulate the rate of LDL uptake and as a result may lower plasma non-HDL cholesterol. ASGR clears senescent platelets and induces the expression of hepatic thrombopoietin...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092245/-effect-of-the-diabetimss-program-on-cardiovascular-risk-blood-pressure-and-hdl-cholesterol-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Miguel Angel Mendoza-Romo, Juan Felipe Montes-Acuña, Gad Gamed Zavala-Cruz, Rafael Natividad Nieva-de Jesús, María Cleofas Ramírez-Arreola, Héctor Jesús Andrade-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of the DiabetIMSS program on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure and HDL cholesterol in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Quasi-experimental intervention study. Non-probabilistic convenience sampling. 35 subjects in the educational strategy one year were included. The following variables were collected: age, gender, smoking, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure; cardiovascular risk calculator based on Framingham is calculated...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089627/the-relationship-between-tamoxifen-associated-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#11
Meiying Yan, Jingxuan Wang, Qijia Xuan, Tieying Dong, Juan He, Qingyuan Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between tamoxifen-associated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and survival outcomes in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: Patients with early-stage invasive breast cancer after curative resection from January 2009 to June 2011 were selected. A total of 646 patients who were treated with tamoxifen were included. Patients diagnosed with NAFLD on ultrasonography were classified into the NAFLD and non-NAFLD groups...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087885/absence-of-intestinal-microbiota-increases-%C3%A3-cyclodextrin-stimulated-reverse-cholesterol-transport
#12
Rima H Mistry, Henkjan J Verkade, Uwe J F Tietge
SCOPE: Non-digestible oligosaccharides are used as prebiotics for perceived health benefits, among these modulating lipid metabolism. However, the mechanisms of action are incompletely understood. The present study characterized the impact of dietary ß-cyclodextrin (ßCD, 10%, w/w), a cyclic oligosaccharide, on sterol metabolism and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in conventional and also germ-free mice to establish dependency on metabolism by intestinal bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: In conventional ßCD-fed C57BL/6J wild-type mice plasma cholesterol decreased significantly (-40%, p<0...
January 14, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081200/fitter-women-did-not-have-attenuated-hemodynamic-responses-to-psychological-stress-compared-with-age-matched-women-with-lower-levels-of-fitness
#13
Sisitha U Jayasinghe, Susan J Torres, Mais Hussein, Steve F Fraser, Gavin W Lambert, Anne I Turner
According to the 'cross stressor adaptation hypothesis', regular exercise acts as a buffer against the detrimental effects of stress. Nevertheless, evidence that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness moderate hemodynamic responses to acute psychological stress is inconclusive, especially in women. Women aged 30-50 years (in the mid-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle) with higher (n = 17) and lower (n = 17) levels of fitness were subjected to a Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Continuous, non-invasive measurements were made of beat-to-beat, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular ejection time (LVET), maximum slope, pulse interval (PI) and total peripheral resistance (TPR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077112/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-in-burkina-faso-a-countrywide-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Tieba Millogo, Brice W Bicaba, Boukare Doulougou, Séni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is an increasing public health issue for developing countries. HBP is an important contributing factor to many non-communicable diseases that were until very recently thought to be rare in developing countries. There is not enough evidence on its burden and risk factors in Africa. We report in this study on the prevalence and factors associated with HBP in the adult and active population of Burkina Faso from a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the World Health Organization (WHO) Stepwise approach to Surveillance(STEPS) survey on the prevalence of major risk factors for non-communicable diseases in Burkina Faso...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073952/alcohol-and-coronary-artery-calcification-an-investigation-using-alcohol-flushing-as-an-instrumental-variable
#15
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sung-Cheol Yun, George Davey Smith, Seungho Ryu, Sung-Il Cho, Eun Chul Chung, Hocheol Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We examined whether alcohol flushing could be used as an instrumental variable (IV) and investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on coronary calcification using alcohol flushing status as an IV. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 24 681 Korean adults (20 696 men and 3985 women) who had been administered a questionnaire assessing alcohol consumption and alcohol flushing, as well as a coronary artery calcium (CAC) measurement. The associations of alcohol flushing status with potential confounders and alcohol consumption were examined...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073663/apom-hdl-c-and-apom-apoa-i-ratios-are-indicators-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-healthy-controls-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Puhong Zhang, Jialin Gao, Chun Pu, Gang Feng, Lizhuo Wang, Lizhu Huang, Yao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein M (apoM) concentrations were decreased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). ApoM was selectively expressed in renal tubular epithelial cells. We investigated the changes in plasma apoM concentrations in diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients and the potential of apoM as a biomarker of DN. METHODS: A total of 96 DN patients and 100 age- and sex-matched diabetic non-nephropathy (non-DN) patients and 110 healthy controls were included. All T2DM patients were divided into 3 groups according to urinary albumin excretion: normoalbuminuria (n=100), microalbuminuria (n=50) and macroalbuminuria (n=46)...
January 7, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073131/evaluation-of-glutathione-peroxidase-and-kcnj11-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-after-renal-transplantation
#17
Gulsah Y Yalin, Sebahat Akgul, Seher Tanrikulu, Sevim Purisa, Nurdan Gul, Ayse K Uzum, Fatma O Sarvan, Mehmet S Sever, Ilhan Satman
Introduction Genetic mutations such as C599T polymorphism in glutathione peroxidase [GPX1] gene and polymorphisms in potassium channel (KCNJ11) genes have recently been proposed in the etiopathogenesis of new onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplantation (NODAT). We aimed to examine the association of GPX1 and KCNJ11 polymorphisms in NODAT. Materials and Methods This is a monocenter case-control study with a total of 118 renal transplant recipients who were divided into 2 groups; NODAT and normal glucose tolerance...
January 10, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068986/leptin-and-adiponectin-as-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Tove Lekva, Annika Elisabet Michelsen, Pål Aukrust, Tore Henriksen, Jens Bollerslev, Thor Ueland
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, but the mechanism remains unclear. Adipokine imbalance in the presence of metabolic dysfunction may be a key event in promoting CVD. The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between GDM, cardiovascular risk, and plasma adiponectin, leptin and the leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio in pregnancy and at 5 years after the index pregnancy. METHODS: This population-based prospective cohort included 300 women who had an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) during pregnancy...
January 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065479/interaction-between-a-variant-of-cdkn2a-b-gene-with-lifestyle-factors-in-determining-dyslipidemia-and-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-step-toward-personalized-nutrition
#19
Mehrane Mehramiz, Faeze Ghasemi, Habibollah Esmaily, Maryam Tayefi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Mahsa Sadeghzade, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Mohsen Moohebati, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh, Seyed Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohammad Safarian, Mohsen Nematy, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several genome-wide-association-studies have identified genetic variants in a region on chromosome 9p21 that are associated with an increased risk of Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. Here we have explored the interaction of a genetic variant of the CDKN2A/B-rs10811661 gene locus with cardiovascular risk factors and environmental-exposures (e.g., diet and physical activity) in 1165 individuals recruited from the Mashhad-Stroke and Heart-Atherosclerotic-Disorders cohort...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062171/-lipid-control-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-healthcare-area-in-c%C3%A3-ceres-spain-lipiceres-study
#20
José J Gómez-Barrado, Carolina Ortiz, Marta Gómez-Turégano, Paula Gómez-Turégano, Francisco J Garcipérez-de-Vargas, Pablo Sánchez-Calderón
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines recommend a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) target of <70mg/dl for patients with coronary artery disease. Despite the well-established benefits of strict lipid control, the most recent studies show that control rate of lipid targets are alarmingly low. An analysis was performed on the lipid targets attained according to current guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in coronary patients in a Caceres healthcare area...
January 3, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
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