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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920819/co-administration-of-metformin-and-n-acetylcysteine-with-dietary-control-improves-the-biochemical-and-histological-manifestations-in-rats-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver
#1
Naglaa Mohamed El-Lakkany, Sayed Hassan Seif El-Din, Abdel-Nasser Abdel-Aal Sabra, Olfat Ali Hammam, Fatma Abdel-Latif Ebeid
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a burgeoning health problem that affects 1/3 of the adult population and an increasing number of children in developed countries. Oxidative stress and insulin resistance are the mechanisms that seem to be mostly involved in its pathogenesis. This study was conceived in a NAFLD rat model to evaluate the efficacy of both metformin (MTF) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) with dietary control on biochemical and histologic liver manifestations. Rats were classified into nine groups; normal (I), NAFLD-induced by feeding high-fat diet (HFD; II) for 12 weeks, NAFLD switched to regular diet (RD; III), NAFLD-HFD or -RD treated with MTF in a dose of 150 mg/kg (IV, V), NAC in a dose of 500 mg/kg (VI, VII) or MTF+NAC (VIII, IX) respectively for 8 weeks...
October 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920508/impact-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-the-randomized-controlled-formosa-sarcopenic-obesity-study
#2
Katharina Wittmann, Cornel Sieber, Simon von Stengel, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Franz Jakob, Michael Lell, Klaus Engelke, Wolfgang Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is characterized by a combination of low muscle and high fat mass with an additive negative effect of both conditions on cardiometabolic risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO. METHODS: The study was conducted in an ambulatory university setting. Seventy-five community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO living in Northern Bavaria, Germany, were randomly allocated to either 6 months of WB-EMS application with (WB-EMS&P) or without (WB-EMS) dietary supplementation (150 kcal/day, 56% protein) or a non-training control group (CG)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919355/model-observational-bridging-study-on-the-effectiveness-of-ezetimibe-on-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-in-france-a-population-based-study
#3
Jean Ferrières, Jean Dallongeville, Michel Rossignol, Jacques Bénichou, J Jaime Caro, Denis Getsios, Luis Hernandez, Lucien Abenhaim, Lamiae Grimaldi-Bensouda
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the real-life impact of ezetimibe on cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in France. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of non-fatal and fatal CV events that could be prevented and corresponding number of patients needed to treat (NNT) with ezetimibe to prevent one CV event over 5 years. METHODS: Non-interventional 48-month follow-up cohort conducted in hypercholesterolemic patients starting on ezetimibe <3 months at study entry, either as monotherapy or combined with statins...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919352/impact-of-a-1-year-lifestyle-modification-program-on-plasma-lipoprotein-and-pcsk9-concentrations-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Marjorie Boyer, Valérie Lévesque, Paul Poirier, André Marette, Patrick Mathieu, Jean-Pierre Després, Éric Larose, Benoit J Arsenault
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are characterized by an impaired cardiometabolic risk profile including high levels of atherogenic apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoprotein levels. Genetic studies have highlighted a critical role for proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) in lipoprotein metabolism and CAD risk. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether improving dietary quality and increasing physical activity levels improve parameters of the cardiometabolic risk profile such as plasma apoB and PCSK9 levels in patients with CAD...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919348/hdl-function-is-impaired-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-independent-of-plasma-hdl-cholesterol-levels
#5
Wijtske Annema, Hendrik M Willemsen, Jan Freark de Boer, Arne Dikkers, Markus van der Giet, Wybe Nieuwland, Anneke C Muller Kobold, L Joost van Pelt, Riemer H J A Slart, Iwan C C van der Horst, Robin P F Dullaart, René A Tio, Uwe J F Tietge
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect against the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. HDL function represents an emerging concept in cardiovascular research. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between HDL functionality and acute myocardial infarction (MI) independent of HDL-cholesterol plasma levels. METHODS: Participants (non-ST-segment elevation MI, non-STEMI, n = 41; STEMI, n = 37; non-MI patients, n = 33) from a prospective follow-up study enrolling patients with acute chest pain were matched for age and plasma HDL cholesterol...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919279/height-correlates-with-dyslipidemia-in-non-overweight-middle-aged-japanese-men
#6
Yuji Shimizu, Hiroyuki Yoshimine, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Kensuke Takahashi, Kiyohiro Izumino, Kenichiro Inoue, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed that height is inversely associated with the risk of stroke in middle-aged Japanese men, particularly in those with a low body mass index (BMI). Since height is regarded as a surrogate maker of childhood social and physical condition, while BMI may reflect primarily on the current physical condition, a detailed analysis of those with a lower BMI may elucidate the effects of childhood conditions. On the other hand, dyslipidemia is recognized as a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916988/circulating-scd36-levels-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-controls
#7
S Heebøll, M K Poulsen, M J Ornstrup, T N Kjær, S B Pedersen, S Nielsen, H Grønbæk, A Handberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: CD36 is implicated in fatty acid uptake in multiple tissues, including hepatocytes and adipocytes. Circulating CD36 (sCD36) is increased in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).We explored this association further by investigating correlations between sCD36 levels, intrahepatic lipid content and markers of obesity in NAFLD patients and controls. METHODS: 111 NAFLD patients and 33 normal/overweight controls were included. Intrahepatic lipid content was measured by MR spectroscopy; and subgroups of participants had a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (n=99), magnetic resonance imaging (n=94, subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue) and liver biopsy (n=28 NAFLD patients) performed...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913825/hypolipidemic-effect-of-%C3%AE-caryophyllene-to-treat-hyperlipidemic-rats
#8
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine F Souza, Thirssa H Grando, Pedro H Doleski, Aline A Boligon, Lenita M Stefani, Silvia G Monteiro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of β-caryophyllene on hypercholesterolemia using a model of hyperlipidemia induced by Triton WR-1339 in rats, as well as its possible effect on hepatic antioxidant enzymes. Thus, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were measured in serum, while reactive oxygen species (ROS), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutayl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities were measured in the hepatic tissue...
December 2, 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908422/toenail-mercury-and-dyslipidemia-interaction-with-selenium
#9
Kyong Park, Eunmin Seo
BACKGROUND: Although compelling evidences from in vivo and in vitro studies exist, limited studies have examined the association between chronic mercury exposure and dyslipidemia. Particularly, data are sparse regarding the influence of selenium on this association of mercury with dyslipidemia in humans. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine the associations of toenail mercury with dyslipidemia and its components, and to examine whether selenium in toenails modifies these associations...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904031/variant-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-aldh2-2-in-east-asians-interactively-exacerbates-tobacco-smoking-risk-for-coronary-spasm%C3%A3-possible-role-of-reactive-aldehydes
#10
Yuji Mizuno, Seiji Hokimoto, Eisaku Harada, Kenji Kinoshita, Michihiro Yoshimura, Hirofumi Yasue
BACKGROUND: Coronary spastic angina (CSA) is common among East Asians and tobacco smoking (TS) is an established risk factor for CSA. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) plays a key role in removing reactive toxic aldehydes and a deficient variant ALDH2 genotype (ALDH2*2) is prevalent among East Asians. We examined the interaction between TS andALDH2*2as a risk factor for CSA to better understand the disease pathogenesis.Methods and Results:The study subjects comprised 410 patients (258 men, 152 women; mean age, 66...
November 29, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901241/cardiovascular-risk-factors-associated-with-frailty-syndrome-among-hospitalized-elderly-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Camila Gigante Colamego, Maycon Sousa Pegorari, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Flávia Aparecida Dias, Alisson Fernandes Bolina
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Identification of frailty syndrome and its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors among hospitalized elderly people is important, since this may contribute towards broadening of knowledge regarding this association within tertiary-level services. This study aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors associated with frailty syndrome among hospitalized elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study in a public teaching hospital...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900613/associations-between-follicular-fluid-high-density-lipoprotein-particle-components-and-embryo-quality-among-in-vitro-fertilization-patients
#12
K Kim, M S Bloom, R W Browne, E M Bell, R M Yucel, V Y Fujimoto
PURPOSE: Folliular redox balance is likely to be important for embryo quality during in vitro fertilization (IVF), and the anti-oxidative high desity lipoprotein (HDL) particle is the sole lipoprotein measured in follicular fluid (FF). Therefore, we investigated FF HDL particle components as predictors of embryo quality during IVF. METHODS: Two research follicles collected from each participant were individually tracked, and 103 women having at least one developed embryo were included in the analysis...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900071/association-between-leukocyte-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-and-regular-exercise-in-postmenopausal-women
#13
Yu Kyung Chang, Da Eun Kim, Soo Hyun Cho, Jung-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that habitual exercise can improve skeletal mitochondrial function; however, to date, the association between exercise and mitochondrial function in peripheral leukocytes has not been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between regular exercise and mitochondrial function by measuring leukocyte mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 144 relatively healthy, non-diabetic, non-smoking, postmenopausal women...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899022/alterations-of-specific-lipid-groups-in-serum-of-obese-humans-a-review
#14
REVIEW
A Mika, T Sledzinski
Obesity is a major contributor to the dysfunction of liver, cardiac, pulmonary, endocrine and reproductive system, as well as a component of metabolic syndrome. Although development of obesity-related disorders is associated with lipid abnormalities, most previous studies dealing with the problem in question were limited to routinely determined parameters, such as serum concentrations of triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Many authors postulated to extend the scope of analysed lipid compounds and to study obesity-related alterations in other, previously non-examined groups of lipids...
November 29, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898988/lipid-accumulation-product-lap-as-an-index-of-metabolic-and-hormonal-disorders-in-aging-men
#15
I Rotter, A Rył, A Szylińska, W Pawlukowska, A Lubkowska, M Laszczyńska
Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is an index used for evaluating lipid overaccumulation in adults. Our study aimed at assessing associations between LAP and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, age-related testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS), low-density cholesterol (LDL), as well as HOMA-IR (insulin resistance ratio), insulin level in non-diabetics and total testosterone (TT), estradiol E2, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in aging men.313 men aged 50-75 were surveyed with regard to the prevalence of diabetes (T2DM) and hypertension (HT)...
November 29, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898070/lipids-lipoprotein-distribution-and-depressive-symptoms-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#16
K L Ong, M J Morris, R L McClelland, J Maniam, M A Allison, K-A Rye
Previous studies suggest lower concentrations of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol to be predictive of depression. We therefore investigated the relationship of lipids and lipoprotein distribution with elevated depressive symptoms (EDS) in healthy men and women from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Participants were followed up over a 9.5-year period. EDS were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) score ⩾16 and/or use of antidepressant drugs...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897090/the-effect-of-commercial-conjugated-linoleic-acid-products-on-experimental-periodontitis-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-wistar-rats
#17
Hatice Balci Yuce, Nihat Akbulut, Seda Ocakli, Omer Kayir, Mahfuz Elmastas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to determine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid enriched milk on alveolar bone loss, hyperglycaemia, oxidative stress and apoptosis in ligature-induced periodontal disease in diabetic rat model. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into six experimental groups: 1; non-ligated (NL, n = 6) group, 2; ligature only (LO, n = 6) group, 3; streptozotocin only (STZ, n = 8) group, 4; STZ and ligature (STZ + L, n = 8) group, 5; ligature and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) (L + CLA, n = 8) group, 6; STZ, ligature and CLA group (STZ + L + CLA, n = 8) group...
November 29, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891663/extended-release-niacin-increases-anti-apoa-i-antibodies-that-block-the-anti-oxidant-effect-of-hdl-c-the-explore-clinical-trial
#18
J R Batuca, M C Amaral, C Favas, F S Paula, P R J Ames, A L Papoila, J Delgado Alves
AIMS: Extended Release-Niacin (ERN) is the most effective agent for increasing high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). Having previously identified anti-HDL antibodies, we investigated whether ERN affected the antioxidant capacity of HDL and whether ERN was associated with the production of antibodies against HDL (aHDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I). METHODS: Twenty-one patients older than 18 years, with HDL-C ≤ 40 mg/dL (men) or ≤ 50 mg/dL (women) were randomly assigned to receive daily ERN (n = 10) or placebo (n = 11) for two sequential 12-week periods, with 4 weeks of wash-out before cross-over...
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891330/evaluation-of-lipid-profile-and-apolipoproteins-in-essential-hypertensive-patients
#19
Parsuram Nayak, Suchismita Panda, Pravat Kumar Thatoi, Roma Rattan, Srikrushna Mohapatra, Pramila Kumari Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Essential hypertension is one of the most common diseases of the Indian population contributing greatly to the morbidity, mortality and economic burden. It has a strong association with cardiovascular disease and abnormal lipid metabolism. Not only the traditional lipid parameters, but also the novel lipid components like Apo A1 and Apo B100 also have been identified to play a role. AIM: The present study was done to evaluate serum lipid profile and Apo A1, Apo B 100 in essential hypertensive patients and correlate their values with the degree of hypertension...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890629/apob-is-superior-to-ldl-c-or-non-hdl-c-as-a-lipid-marker-for-predicting-the-presence-and-severity-of-atherosclerosis-in-female-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#20
Hui-Wen Zhang, Xi Zhao, Yan Zhang, Sha Li, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Na-Qiong Wu, Ying Gao, Ping Qing, Jing Sun, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
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