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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102230/corrigendum-genomic-selection-improves-heat-tolerance-in-dairy-cattle
#1
J B Garner, M L Douglas, S R O Williams, W J Wales, L C Marett, T T T Nguyen, C M Reich, B J Hayes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101605/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#2
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012". DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 18, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100470/vacuum-aspiration-for-induced-abortion-could-be-safely-and-legally-performed-by-nurses-and-midwives
#3
Sally Sheldon, Joanne Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Some 40% of abortions carried out in England and Wales are done by vacuum aspiration. It is widely assumed that, in order to be lawful, these procedures must be performed by doctors. AIM AND DESIGN: This study aimed to provide a detailed reassessment of the relevant law and the clinical evidence that supports this assumption. CONCLUSIONS: A close reading of relevant law reveals that this assumption is unfounded. On the contrary, it would be lawful for appropriately trained nurses or midwives, acting as part of a multidisciplinary team, to carry out vacuum aspiration procedures...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100272/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-and-stevens-johnson-syndrome-1940-2015
#4
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare but fatal adverse skin reactions that affect all age groups. In order to better understand literature on this topic, we conducted a bibliometric study using Scopus database to shed light on number and growth of publications, most active countries, institutions, journals and authors involved in publishing articles in this field, citation analysis, top cited articles, international collaboration, role of medications and genetic association...
January 18, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100148/palliative-care-in-uk-prisons
#5
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock
Despite falling crime rates in England and Wales over the past 20 years, the number of prisoners has doubled. People over the age of 50 constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population, and increasing numbers of older prisoners are dying in custody. This article discusses some of the issues raised by these changing demographics and draws on preliminary findings from a study underway in North West England. It describes the context behind the rise in the numbers of older prisoners; explores the particular needs of this growing population; and discusses some of the practical and emotional challenges for prison officers, health care staff, and fellow prisoners who are involved in caring for dying prisoners in a custodial environment...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098591/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#6
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012." DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098492/insomnia-management-in-the-australian-primary-care-setting
#7
Fatema-Tun-Naher Sake, Keith Wong, Delwyn J Bartlett, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Insomnia is one of the most prevalent and costly sleep disorders presenting in general practice, and when left untreated, has major health consequences. However, studies are limited on how general practitioners respond to this health issue, especially since the reconceptualization of insomnia in DSM 5. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how insomnia is diagnosed and treated in Australian general practices. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four (54% male) general practitioners were recruited throughout the greater Sydney metropolitan area in New South Wales using the professional network of research team members and snowballing technique...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#8
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
January 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096252/understanding-the-importance-of-therapeutic-relationships-in-the-development-of-self-management-behaviours-during-cancer-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-research-protocol
#9
Wendy M Wilkinson, Jaynie Rance, Deborah Fitzsimmons
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a growing health, social and economic problem. 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop cancer in their lifetime. With survival rates rising to over 50%, the long-term needs of cancer survivors are of growing importance. Cancer rehabilitation is tailored to address the physical or psychosocial decline in ability to engage in daily activities. Its use is supported by high-quality international, multicentre research. Incorporating strategies for self-management behaviour development into rehabilitation can prepare individuals for cancer survivorship...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095926/epidemiology-of-parainfluenza-infection-in-england-and-wales-1998-2013-any-evidence-of-change
#10
H Zhao, R J Harris, J Ellis, M Donati, R G Pebody
Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) infections are one of the commonest causes of upper and lower respiratory tract infections. In order to determine if there have been any recent changes in HPIV epidemiology in England and Wales, laboratory surveillance data between 1998 and 2013 were analysed. The UK national laboratory surveillance database, LabBase, and the newly established laboratory-based virological surveillance system, the Respiratory DataMart System (RDMS), were used. Descriptive analysis was performed to examine the distribution of cases by year, age, sex and serotype, and to examine the overall temporal trend using the χ 2 test...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095838/communication-with-families-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-after-death-in-intensive-care-comfort-protocol-for-an-intervention-study
#11
Julie E Potter, Robert G Herkes, Lin Perry, Rosalind M Elliott, Anders Aneman, Jorge L Brieva, Elena Cavazzoni, Andrew T H Cheng, Michael J O'Leary, Ian M Seppelt, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: Discussing deceased organ donation can be difficult not only for families but for health professionals who initiate and manage the conversations. It is well recognised that the methods of communication and communication skills of health professionals are key influences on decisions made by families regarding organ donation. METHODS: This multicentre study is being performed in nine intensive care units with follow-up conducted by the Organ and Tissue Donation Service in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095826/non-invasive-respiratory-support-for-infants-with-bronchiolitis-a-national-survey-of-practice
#12
H Turnham, R S Agbeko, J Furness, J Pappachan, A G Sutcliffe, P Ramnarayan
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory illness of early childhood. For most children it is a mild self-limiting disease but a small number of children develop respiratory failure. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) has traditionally been used to provide non-invasive respiratory support in these children, but there is little clinical trial evidence to support its use. More recently, high-flow nasal cannula therapy (HFNC) has emerged as a novel respiratory support modality...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#13
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095408/patient-safety-incidents-involving-sick-children-in-primary-care-in-england-and-wales-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#14
Philippa Rees, Adrian Edwards, Colin Powell, Peter Hibbert, Huw Williams, Meredith Makeham, Ben Carter, Donna Luff, Gareth Parry, Anthony Avery, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson, Andrew Carson-Stevens
BACKGROUND: The UK performs poorly relative to other economically developed countries on numerous indicators of care quality for children. The contribution of iatrogenic harm to these outcomes is unclear. As primary care is the first point of healthcare contact for most children, we sought to investigate the safety of care provided to children in this setting. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook a mixed methods investigation of reports of primary care patient safety incidents involving sick children from England and Wales' National Reporting and Learning System between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2013...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094627/preventing-falls-in-hospital
#15
Lynne Pearce
Falls are the most frequent adverse event reported in hospitals, usually affecting older patients. Every year, more than 240,000 falls are reported in acute hospitals and mental health trusts in England and Wales, equivalent to more than 600 per day, according to the Royal College of Physicians (RCP).
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094234/association-between-preterm-labor-and-genitourinary-tract-infections-caused-by-trichomonas-vaginalis-mycoplasma-hominis-gram-negative-bacilli-and-coryneforms
#16
Alaa El-Dien M S Hosny, Waleed El-Khayat, Mona T Kashef, Mohsen N Fakhry
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is responsible for most cases of neonatal death. In most of these cases, the causes of PTL have not been established although several risk factors have been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for PTL before 37 gestational weeks among Egyptian women. METHODS: In this case-control study, 117 pregnant women without risk factors for PTL were chosen. The control group (n=45) had term labor (gestational weeks≥37 weeks), and the case group (n=72) had PTL (gestational weeks < 37 weeks)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093885/claims-to-the-benefits-of-clinical-supervision-a-critique-of-the-policy-development-process-and-outcomes-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Edward White
The historical development of clinical supervision has been variously interpreted in the international literature. Creditable evidence has accumulated, particularly over the past two decades, to show that clinical supervision has a positive demonstrable effect on supervisees. However, comparatively little research evidence has entered the public domain on any effect that clinical supervision might have on other nominated outcomes. In Australia, developments in clinical supervision were recently prompted by initiatives at national and state levels...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093465/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-high-school-performance
#18
Ju Lee Oei, Edward Melhuish, Hannah Uebel, Nadin Azzam, Courtney Breen, Lucinda Burns, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Meredith Ward, John M Feller, Janet Falconer, Sara Clews, John Eastwood, Annie Li, Ian M Wright
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known of the long-term, including school, outcomes of children diagnosed with Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Problems [10th Edition], Australian Modification, P96.1). METHODS: Linked analysis of health and curriculum-based test data for all children born in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. Children with NAS (n = 2234) were compared with a control group matched for gestation, socioeconomic status, and gender (n = 4330, control) and with other NSW children (n = 598 265, population) for results on the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy, in grades 3, 5, and 7...
January 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092749/public-value-at-risk-from-phytophthora-ramorum-and-phytophthora-kernoviae-spread-in-england-and-wales
#19
Ben Drake, Glyn Jones
Heritage gardens, heathland and woodland are increasingly under threat from the non-native tree and plant diseases Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae. However, there exist only limited literature that estimates the public non-market value that may be lost from a continued spread of Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae into these habitats. This paper therefore uses a contingent valuation survey to assess the non-extractive public use and non-use values at risk from an uncontrolled spread of these diseases in England and Wales...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090745/side-group-induced-polymorphism-in-self-assembled-monolayers-3-5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzenethiolate-films-on-au-111
#20
Asif Bashir, Eric Sauter, Najd Al-Refaie, Michael Rohwerder, Michael Zharnikov, Waleed Azzam
The structure and molecular organization of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) depend on a complex interplay of intermolecular and molecule-substrate interactions, so that even a small change of molecular composition can results in noticeable changes in the SAM structure. Here we show that the decoration of the most basic aromatic SAM constituent, benzenethiol, with two trifluromethyl groups leads to distinct polymorphism in the respective SAMs, with the appearance of a specific structural phase or a combination of several different phases being dependent on the parameters of the preparation procedure...
January 15, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
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