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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667568/is-there-an-optimal-time-to-move-to-a-care-home-for-a-person-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Laura Cole, Kritika Samsi, Jill Manthorpe
ABSTRACTBackground:There is limited evidence regarding how the decision evolves about whether and when it is best for a person with dementia to move to a care home. The factors leading to the timing of the decision remain particularly unclear. This systematic review of existing literature aims to gain an understanding of the decision-making timing and process to distinguish the drivers of these decisions, and to identify if there is an "optimal" or best time (if any) for a person with dementia to move to a care home...
April 18, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667117/ecg-derived-respiration-based-on-iterated-hilbert-transform-and-hilbert-vibration-decomposition
#2
Hemant Sharma, K K Sharma
Monitoring of the respiration using the electrocardiogram (ECG) is desirable for the simultaneous study of cardiac activities and the respiration in the aspects of comfort, mobility, and cost of the healthcare system. This paper proposes a new approach for deriving the respiration from single-lead ECG based on the iterated Hilbert transform (IHT) and the Hilbert vibration decomposition (HVD). The ECG signal is first decomposed into the multicomponent sinusoidal signals using the IHT technique. Afterward, the lower order amplitude components obtained from the IHT are filtered using the HVD to extract the respiration information...
April 17, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667017/underestimated-prevalence-of-heart-failure-in-hospital-inpatients-a-comparison-of-icd-codes-and-discharge-letter-information
#3
Mathias Kaspar, Georg Fette, Gülmisal Güder, Lea Seidlmayer, Maximilian Ertl, Georg Dietrich, Helmut Greger, Frank Puppe, Stefan Störk
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is the predominant cause of hospitalization and amongst the leading causes of death in Germany. However, accurate estimates of prevalence and incidence are lacking. Reported figures originating from different information sources are compromised by factors like economic reasons or documentation quality. METHODS: We implemented a clinical data warehouse that integrates various information sources (structured parameters, plain text, data extracted by natural language processing) and enables reliable approximations to the real number of heart failure patients...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666551/impact-of-new-ingredients-obtained-from-brewer-s-spent-yeast-on-bread-characteristics
#4
Z E Martins, O Pinho, I M P L V O Ferreira
The impact of bread fortification with β-glucans and with proteins/proteolytic enzymes from brewers' spent yeast on physical characteristics was evaluated. β-Glucans extraction from spent yeast cell wall was optimized and the extract was incorporated on bread to obtain 2.02 g β-glucans/100 g flour, in order to comply with the European Food Safety Authority guidelines. Protein/proteolytic enzymes extract from spent yeast was added to bread at 60 U proteolytic activity/100 g flour. Both β-glucans rich and proteins/proteolytic enzymes extracts favoured browning of bread crust...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666544/efficiency-of-selected-food-ingredients-on-protein-efficiency-ratio-glycemic-index-and-in-vitro-digestive-properties
#5
M B Anusha, Naveen Shivanna, G Phani Kumar, K R Anilakumar
The human body on exposure to high-altitude, undergoes many physiological challenges. The cardiopulmonary reserves are favoured against the digestive system. Hence, the efficiency of digestion is compromised to a great extent, which leads to anorexia, hypophagia, epigastralgia, dyspepsia, nausea, and peptic ulcers. The present study was focused on in vitro digestive influence of selected food ingredients viz. cardamom, carom, cumin, coriander, fennel, fenugreek, ginger, pepper, star anise, turmeric, papaya, orange, pineapple, liquorice, valerian, and tarragon on the activities of digestive enzymes of rat pancreas, duodenum, and small intestine...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#6
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665788/medical-expenses-of-urban-chinese-patients-with-stomach-cancer-during-2002-2011-a-hospital-based-multicenter-retrospective-study
#7
Xiao-Jie Sun, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, Hui-Yao Huang, Neng-Liang Yao, Ji-Yong Gong, Ya-Wen Sun, Guo-Xiang Liu, A-Yan Mao, Xian-Zhen Liao, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ling Mai, Bing-Bing Song, Yu-Qin Liu, Lin Zhu, Ling-Bin Du, Qi Zhou, Xiao-Jing Xing, Pei-An Lou, Xiao-Hua Sun, Xiao Qi, Yuanzheng Wang, Rong Cao, Ying Ren, Li Lan, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Jia-Lin Wang, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: In China, stomach cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Few studies have examined Chinese stomach cancer patients' medical expenses and their associated trends. The Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) is a Major Public Health Project funded by the central government. Through this project, we have extracted patients' medical expenses from hospital billing data to examine the costs of the first course treatments (which refers to 2 months before and 10 months after the date of cancer diagnosis) in Chinese patients with stomach cancer and the associated trends...
April 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665758/the-efficacy-of-adjunct-tacrolimus-treatment-in-pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
K Ichinose, S Sato, Y Kitajima, Y Horai, K Fujikawa, M Umeda, S Fukui, A Nishino, T Koga, S Y Kawashiri, N Iwamoto, M Tamai, H Nakamura, T Origuchi, I Yasuhi, H Masuzaki, A Kawakami
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) involves multiple organ systems and primarily affects women during their reproductive years. Pregnancy in a woman with SLE may lead to higher rates of disease flares. Little is known regarding which medications are safe to maintain remission and/or treat flares throughout such pregnancies. Here we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of tacrolimus (TAC) in the pregnancy outcomes of SLE patients. We studied the 54 deliveries of 40 SLE patients over an eight-year period from 2008 to 2016...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665569/simultaneous-removal-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-and-heavy-metals-from-an-artificial-clayey-soil-by-enhanced-electrokinetic-method
#9
Nima Saberi, Mohammad Aghababaei, Mojtaba Ostovar, Hamid Mehrnahad
Contamination of soil by a mixture of organic and non-organic pollutants due to various anthropogenic and natural causes is one of the most important issues in soil pollution. Generating a single layer of soil is a time-consuming process, and soil is a significant part of the environmental cycle; thus, protection and remediation of soil are of paramount importance. In this study, phenanthrene (PHE) as a representative for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and nickel (Ni) as heavy metal pollutants were used because of their synergistic effects and abundant presence in soil...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665547/lead-and-cadmium-levels-in-raw-bovine-milk-and-dietary-risk-assessment-in-areas-near-petroleum-extraction-industries
#10
Reza Norouzirad, Jose-Ramiro González-Montaña, Felipe Martínez-Pastor, Hedayat Hosseini, Ali Shahrouzian, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Fardin Ali Malayeri, Haniyeh Moallem Bandani, Mohsen Paknejad, Behrouz Foroughi-Nia, Atefeh Fooladi Moghaddam
Oil fields are a source of heavy metal pollution, but few studies have evaluated its impact on the intake of these contaminants through milk, an important food especially for children. From February 2015 to 2016, 118 samples of raw cow's milk, 14 of fodder and 8 of water in Southwest Iran were collected from farms close to oil fields or related industries. Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels were evaluated by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean±SE in milk and fodder were 47.0±3.9 and 54.0±6...
April 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664830/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-maxillofacial-fractures-with-life-threatening-hemorrhage
#11
Shokei Matsumoto, Taku Akashi, Kei Hayashida, Kazuhiko Sekine, Tomohiko Orita, Tomohiro Funabiki, Mitsuhide Kitano
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has gained importance in the management of maxillofacial fractures with life-threating hemorrhage (MFH). However, clinical evidence supporting the use of TAE has not been clearly established in the literature. Therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness of TAE for MFH, based on data obtained from the Japan Trauma Data Bank. METHODS: Patients were identified from Japan Trauma Data Bank entries for the years 2004 to 2014...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664284/dissolution-mechanisms-of-lini1-3mn1-3co1-3o2-positive-electrode-material-from-lithium-ion-batteries-in-acid-solution
#12
Emmanuel Billy, Marion Joulié, Richard Laucournet, Adrien Boulineau, Eric De Vito, Daniel Meyer
The sustainability through the energy and environmental costs involve the development of new cathode materials in considering the materials abundance, the toxicity and the end of life. Currently, some synthesis methods of new cathode materials and a large majority of recycling processes are based on acidic solutions use. This study addresses the mechanistic and limiting aspects on the dissolution of layered LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 oxide in acidic solution. The results shows a dissolution of active cathode material in two steps, which leads to form a well-defined core-shell structure inducing an enrichment in manganese on the particles surface...
April 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664038/-cedrus-deodara-in-vitro-antileishmanial-efficacy-immumomodulatory-activity
#13
Shyam Narayan, Chandreshwar Prasad Thakur, Shiv Bahadur, Meenakshi Thakur, Shashi Nath Pandey, Ajit Kumar Thakur, Dipendra K Mitra, Pulok K Mukherjee
Background & objectives: The existing antileishmanial drugs for complete cure of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) are limited. The available drugs are either toxic or less effective leading to disease relapse or conversion to post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis. Several herbal extracts have been shown to have antileishmanial activity, but a herbal drug may not always be safe. In the present study, the extract of Cedrus deodara leaves has been standardized and tested for immunomodulatory antileishmanial activities...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663553/rapid-evidence-assessment-of-approaches-to-community-neurological-nursing-care-for-people-with-neurological-conditions-post-discharge-from-acute-care-hospital
#14
REVIEW
Judith Dianne Pugh, Kathleen McCoy, Anne M Williams, Brenda Bentley, Leanne Monterosso
Neurological conditions represent leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease that will consume a large proportion of projected healthcare expenditure. Inconsistent access to integrated healthcare and other services for people with long-term neurological conditions stresses acute care services. The purpose of this rapid evidence assessment, conducted February-June 2016, was to review the evidence supporting community neurological nursing approaches for patients with neurological conditions post-discharge from acute care hospitals...
April 16, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662623/cancer-reversion-with-oocyte-extracts-is-mediated-by-cell-cycle-arrest-and-induction-of-tumour-dormancy
#15
Norazalina Saad, Ramiro Alberio, Andrew D Johnson, Richard D Emes, Tom C Giles, Philip Clarke, Anna M Grabowska, Cinzia Allegrucci
Inducing stable control of tumour growth by tumour reversion is an alternative approach to cancer treatment when eradication of the disease cannot be achieved. The process requires re-establishment of normal control mechanisms that are lost in cancer cells so that abnormal proliferation can be halted. Embryonic environments can reset cellular programmes and we previously showed that axolotl oocyte extracts can reprogram breast cancer cells and reverse their tumorigenicity. In this study, we analysed the gene expression profiles of oocyte extract-treated tumour xenografts to show that tumour reprogramming involves cell cycle arrest and acquisition of a quiescent state...
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662446/a-knowledge-based-arrangement-of-prototypical-neural-representation-prior-to-experience-contributes-to-selectivity-in-upcoming-knowledge-acquisition
#16
Hiroki Kurashige, Yuichi Yamashita, Takashi Hanakawa, Manabu Honda
Knowledge acquisition is a process in which one actively selects a piece of information from the environment and assimilates it with prior knowledge. However, little is known about the neural mechanism underlying selectivity in knowledge acquisition. Here we executed a 2-day human experiment to investigate the involvement of characteristic spontaneous activity resembling a so-called "preplay" in selectivity in sentence comprehension, an instance of knowledge acquisition. On day 1, we presented 10 sentences (prior sentences) that were difficult to understand on their own...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661214/does-information-from-clinicaltrials-gov-increase-transparency-and-reduce-bias-results-from-a-five-report-case-series
#17
Gaelen P Adam, Stacey Springs, Thomas Trikalinos, John W Williams, Jennifer L Eaton, Megan Von Isenburg, Jennifer M Gierisch, Lisa M Wilson, Karen A Robinson, Meera Viswanathan, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Elise Berliner, Robert M Kaplan
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether information in ClinicalTrials.gov would impact the conclusions of five ongoing systematic reviews. METHOD: We considered five reviews that included 495 studies total. Each review team conducted a search of ClinicalTrials.gov up to the date of the review's last literature search, screened the records using the review's eligibility criteria, extracted information, and assessed risk of bias and applicability. Each team then evaluated the impact of the evidence found in ClinicalTrials...
April 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659142/an-uneasy-alliance-a-nesting-association-between-aggressive-ants-and-equally-fierce-social-wasps
#18
Pablo Servigne, Jérôme Orivel, Frédéric Azémar, James Carpenter, Alain Dejean, Bruno Corbara
Although the Neotropical territorially dominant arboreal ant Azteca chartifex Forel is very aggressive towards any intruder, its populous colonies tolerate the close presence of the fierce polistine wasp Polybia rejecta (F.). In French Guiana, 83.33% of the 48 P. rejecta nests recorded were found side by side with those of A. chartifex. This nesting association results in mutual protection from predators (i.e., the wasps protected from army ants; the ants protected from birds). We conducted field studies, laboratory-based behavioral experiments and chemical analyses to elucidate the mechanisms allowing the persistence of this association...
April 16, 2018: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658655/current-endoscopic-strategies-for-managing-large-bile-duct-stones
#19
REVIEW
Bhavesh Doshi, Ichiro Yasuda, Shomei Ryozawa, Guan Huei Lee
Common bile duct stones are a relatively common occurrence and can often lead to devastating complications. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was introduced in the 1970s for management of common bile duct stones. Most common bile duct stones can be removed with simple techniques such as endoscopic sphincterotomy and balloon trawling. However, large bile duct stones continue to pose some difficulty in achieving complete extraction. In this article, we will review some of the established techniques such as the use of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilatation, mechanical lithotripsy, and cholangioscopy-assisted techniques...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658630/lumbar-sympathectomy-versus-prostanoids-for-critical-limb-ischaemia-due-to-non-reconstructable-peripheral-arterial-disease
#20
REVIEW
Indrani Sen, Sunil Agarwal, Prathap Tharyan, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem that can lead to reduced blood flow to the limbs, which may result in critical limb ischaemia (CLI), a painful manifestation that occurs when a person is at rest. The mainstay of treatment for CLI is surgical or endovascular repair. However, when these means of treatment are not suitable, due to anatomical reasons or comorbidities, treatment for pain is limited. Lumbar sympathectomy and prostanoids have both been shown to reduce pain from CLI in people who suffer from non-reconstructable PAD, but there is currently insufficient evidence to determine if one treatment is superior...
April 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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