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pelvic floor biofeedback therapie

Dorota Jarzebicka, Joanna Sieczkowska, Maciej Dadalski, Jaroslaw Kierkus, Jozef Ryzko, Grzegorz Oracz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Defecation disorders are one of the most common problems in pediatric gastroenterology. Treatment includes changes in the diet, pharmacotherapy, and biofeedback therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of biofeedback therapy as assessed by clinical improvement as well as by changes in manometric parameters in children with constipation and pelvic floor dyssynergia (PFD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 children with constipation and PFD hospitalized between 2000 and 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Ashley Cannon, Svetlana Kurklinsky, Kimberly J Guthrie, Douglas L Riegert-Johnson
UNLABELLED: Objective. To describe the use of an advanced genetic testing technique, whole exome sequencing, to diagnose a patient and their family with a SCN9A channelopathy. Setting. Academic tertiary care center. Design. CASE REPORT: Case Report. A 61-year-old female with a history of acute facial pain, chronic pain, fibromyalgia, and constipation was found to have a gain of function SCN9A mutation by whole exome sequencing. This mutation resulted in an SCN9A channelopathy that is most consistent with a diagnosis of paroxysmal extreme pain disorder...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
M E Stellingwerf, Y Maeda, U Patel, C J Vaizey, J Warusavitarne, W A Bemelman, S K Clark
AIM: Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the most frequently performed operation for intractable ulcerative colitis (UC) and for many patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). It can be complicated by a functional evacuation difficulty, which is not well understood. We aimed to evaluate the role of defaecating pouchography in an attempt to assess the mechanism of evacuation difficulty in pouch patients. METHOD: All RPC patients who had had a defaecating pouchogram for evacuation difficulty at one hospital between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Satish S C Rao, Tanisa Patcharatrakul
Dyssynergic defecation is common and affects up to one half of patients with chronic constipation. This acquired behavioral problem is due to the inability to coordinate the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles to evacuate stools. A detailed history, prospective stool diaries, and a careful digital rectal examination will not only identify the nature of bowel dysfunction, but also raise the index of suspicion for this evacuation disorder. Anorectal physiology tests and balloon expulsion test are essential for a diagnosis...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Satish Sc Rao, Adil E Bharucha, Giuseppe Chiarioni, Richelle Felt-Bersma, Charles Knowles, Allison Malcolm, Arnold Wald
This report defines criteria and reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of common anorectal disorders: fecal incontinence (FI), functional anorectal pain and functional defecation disorders. FI is defined as the recurrent uncontrolled passage of fecal material for at least 3 months. The clinical features of FI are useful for guiding diagnostic testing and therapy. Anorectal manometry and imaging are useful for evaluating anal and pelvic floor structure and function. Education, antidiarrheals and biofeedback therapy are the mainstay of management; surgery may be useful in refractory cases...
March 25, 2016: Gastroenterology
Cherrilyn F Richmond, Deanna K Martin, Sallis O Yip, Madeline A Dick, Elisabeth A Erekson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the symptomatic change in urinary symptom distress before and after treatment with pelvic floor biofeedback and electrical stimulation in women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent supervised pelvic floor biofeedback therapy and electrostimulation for the treatment of MUI and SUI. Our primary outcome was change in the Urinary Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6) score before and after therapy...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Satish S C Rao, Kulthep Rattanakovit, Tanisa Patcharatrakul
Constipation is a heterogeneous, polysymptomatic, multifactorial disease. Acute or transient constipation can be due to changes in diet, travel or stress, and secondary constipation can result from drug treatment, neurological or metabolic conditions or, rarely, colon cancer. A diagnosis of primary chronic constipation is made after exclusion of secondary causes of constipation and encompasses several overlapping subtypes. Slow-transit constipation is characterized by prolonged colonic transit in the absence of pelvic floor dysfunction...
May 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Cedric K Olivera, Kate Meriwether, Sherif El-Nashar, Cara L Grimes, Chi Chiung Grace Chen, Francisco Orejuela, Danielle Antosh, Jon Gleason, Shunaha Kim-Fine, Thomas Wheeler, Brook McFadden, Ethan M Balk, Miles Murphy
The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy and safety of nonantimuscarinic treatments for overactive bladder. Medline, Cochrane, and other databases (inception to April 2, 2014) were used. We included any study design in which there were 2 arms and an n > 100, if at least 1 of the arms was a nonantimuscarinic therapy or any comparative trial, regardless of number, if at least 2 arms were nonantimuscarinic therapies for overactive bladder. Eleven reviewers double-screened citations and extracted eligible studies for study: population, intervention, outcome, effects on outcome categories, and quality...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Giray Ergin, Yusuf Kibar, Turgay Ebiloğlu, H Cem Irkılata, Burak Kopru, Engin Kaya, Metin Uyanık, Serkan Tapan, M Murat Dayanc
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunctional voiding (DV) occurs in neurologically normal children who are not able to establish brain control on detrusor muscle contractions (DMCs). It is also reported to be the result of incorrect voiding habits during toilet training. Children contract pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) to suppress DMC and DV begins. Urinary nerve growth factor (uNGF) is necessary for the synthesis and regulation of neurotransmitters, development of dorsal root ganglia (sensory neurons), and development of sympathetic cells during embryonic and post-natal life...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
A Bondurri, A Maffioli, P Danelli
Advances in tailored medical therapy and introduction of biologic agents for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment have ensured long-term disease remission. Some patients, however, still report defecatory symptoms. Patients present with a wide spectrum of conditions - anal incontinence, obstructed defecation and pelvic pain among the most frequent - that have a great impact on their quality of life. Due to IBD diagnosis, little relevance is attributed to this type of symptoms and their epidemiologic distribution is unknown...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Louise McIntosh, Elizabeth Andersen, Manuela Reekie
Stress urinary incontinence is a serious threat to the well-being of women world-wide. In this scoping review of the literature, we examined the most prominent research foci between the years 2004 and 2013. In this article, conservative treat-ment is operationalized as any non-surgical or non-pharmacological treatment modalities that could be carried out by specially trained nurses, physiotherapists, or physicians to treat stress urinary incontinence in women. The two most frequently described or systematically investigated treatment options identified in our review were 1) strengthening pelvic floor muscles with pelvic floor muscle training, including biofeedback and weighted vaginal cones; and 2) the use of intravaginal support devices, such as incontinence pessaries...
July 2015: Urologic Nursing
Katharina Jundt, Ursula Peschers, Heribert Kentenich
BACKGROUND: 25% of all women report involuntary loss of urine, and 7% may require treatment. METHODS: This review is based on a selection of pertinent literature, including guidelines and Cochrane reviews. RESULTS: The assessment of pelvic floor dysfunction in women begins with a basic evaluation that is followed by special diagnostic tests if indicated. The physician taking the clinical history should inquire about the patient's behavior, personality, social and other stressors, and eating and drinking habits, as well as any mental disorders that may be present, including anxiety disorders, depression, somatization disorders, and disorders of adaptation...
August 17, 2015: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Zhijing Sun, Lan Zhu, Jinghe Lang, Yewu Zhang, Guizhi Liu, Xiaochun Chen, Songzhi Feng, Juxin Zhang, Yuhong Yao, Jie Zhang, Yuanyuan Su, Guiying Fang, Mei Yang, Juan Liu, Zhimin Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation on the improvement of pelvic floor electrical physiological indexes and the prevention of female pelvic floor dysfunction in China. METHODS: A multicenter prospective randomized controlled study was carried out. From October 2011, postpartum women in five provinces were randomly assigned into treatment group and control group. The women in treatment group received electrical stimulation and biofeedback treatment...
June 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Irmina Nahon, Melissa Martin, Roger Adams
The use of pelvic floor muscle training has been well established for the management of post-prostatectomy incontinence. In recent years, it has been hypothesized that because the severity and period of incontinence are not predictable pre-operatively, it makes sense to teach all men the new motor skill of correct pelvic floor muscle activation before surgery. This review is based on literature found through computerized and manual searches on available databases. Included were any studies that looked at the effect of adding pelvic floor muscle training pre-operatively and comparing them to the effect of not having pre-operative pelvic floor muscle exercises...
September 2014: Urologic Nursing
Amy Y Zhang, Donald R Bodner, Alex Z Fu, Douglas D Gunzler, Eric Klein, Denise Kresevic, Shirley Moore, Lee Ponsky, Michael Purdum, Gerald Strauss, Hui Zhu
PURPOSE: We examined whether an intervention combining pelvic floor muscle exercise and symptom self-management would improve urinary continence and quality of life in patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, longitudinal clinical trial 279 patients with prostate cancer with persistent urinary incontinence were randomized to 1 of 3 groups, including biofeedback pelvic floor muscle exercise plus a support group, the biofeedback exercise plus telephone contact and usual care without intervention...
December 2015: Journal of Urology
José Raúl Guerra-Mora, José María Buenrostro-Acebes, Nancy Erciga-Vergara, Gregorio Zubieta-O'Farrill, Juan de Dios Castillo-Calcáneo, Maria Elena Mosqueda, Montserrat Monroy-Argumedo, Carlos González-Alvarado, Eduardo Villanueva-Saenz
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is defined as an involuntary bowel movement through the anal canal in inadequate time and place. There are different types of therapies for the management of fecal incontinence, being biofeedback therapy one of the most effective techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the necessary number of sessions of biofeedback electromyographyc therapy to achieve the maximum sphincteric complex contraction. METHODS: Descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study...
July 2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Shelley Reynolds Hill, Peter F Ehrlich, Barbara Felt, Dawn Dore-Stites, Kim Erickson, Daniel H Teitelbaum
PURPOSE: Rectal prolapse (RP) beyond infancy is challenging, and despite surgical correction, recurrences are not uncommon, suggesting that underlying contributing processes may have a role. This study highlights a previously poorly recognized relationship between RP in older children and behavioral/psychiatric disorders (BPD). We describe the incidence of recurrence and use of behavioral, psychological and physical therapeutic tactics in a multidisciplinary approach to pediatric RP. METHODS: A retrospective 20-year review of RP in children >3 years of age was adopted...
August 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
Nikolaus T Schmeller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Urology
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