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A Priezzhev, K Lee
Laser trapping and manipulation of blood cells without mechanical contact have become feasible with implication of laser tweezers. They open up new horizons for the hemorheologic researches, offer new possibilities for studying live cells interactions on individual cell level under the influence of different endogenous and exogenous factors. The operation principle of laser tweezers is based on the property of strongly focused laser beam to act on a dielectric microparticle located in the vicinity of the beam waist with a force that drives the particle to the equilibrium location and holds it there...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Norbert Nemeth, Katalin Peto, Adam Deak, Viktoria Sogor, Gabor Varga, Bence Tanczos, Klaudia Balog, Adrienn Csiszko, Zoltan Godo, Zsolt Szentkereszty
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a life-threatening condition, of which pathomechanism hasn't been completely clarified, yet. Furthermore, surgical therapy still needs optimization. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate microcirculatory and micro-rheological alterations in ACS, using various temporary abdominal closure methods, including three settings of vacuum-assisted closure technique (negative pressure wound therapy, NPWT). METHODS: On anesthetized pigs, by intraabdominally placed and filled-up silicone bags, intraabdominal pressure at 30 mmHg was maintained for 3 hours, and afterwards, decompressive laparotomy happened...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Patrícia Napoleão, Ekaterina Potapova, Sara Moleirinho, Carlota Saldanha, António Messias
AIM: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) has been considered as a marker of thrombosis and inflammation in several diseases, including sepsis. Recent studies challenge this view and point to a role of sCD40L in vascular and endothelial function. An indication of that association in sepsis has not been obtained so far. Therefore, herein we evaluated association between sCD40L and markers of hemorheology and inflammation on context of septic shock. METHODS: Time-changes of sCD40L levels over 72 hours of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) internment were assessed in 22 patients with septic shock and compared with 36 healthy volunteers...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Tommaso Gori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Brun Jean-Frédéric, Boulot Pierre, Varlet-Marie Emmanuelle
Physiological studies on fetal blood in narrow glass tubes have suggested that fetal optimal hematocrit (hct) might be as high as 60%. A theoretical 'ideal' hct can also be predicted with a theoretical curve of hematocrit/viscosity (h/η) ratio vs hct constructed with Quemada's model. We used the database of one of our previous papers on fetal hemorheology to reinterpret its results with this concept. A series of 28 intrauterine cord punctures (between 19 and 33 weeks gestation) with doppler measurements of resistance in umbilical arteries was studied...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Brun Jean-Frédéric, Varlet-Marie Emmanuelle, Fédou Christine, Raynaud de Mauverger Eric
We investigated to what extent a prediction of the 'ideal' hematocrit based on individual hemorheological profile with an equation of viscosity is relevant in trained athletes, and how the agreement between theoretical and actual values is modified by changes in training volume and performance. Elite soccer players (national level: 18-32 yr, weight 61-83 kg, body mass index 20.9-25.8 kg/m2) were seen twice at one year interval. Hemorheologic parameters were measured with the MT90 viscometer and the Myrenne aggregometer the theoretical bell-shaped curve of hematocrit/viscosity ratio as a function of hematocrit was reconstructed with Quemada's equation using actual plasma viscosity and red cell rigidity to predict hematocrit/viscosity at various hematocrit levels...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Brun Jean-Frédéric, Varlet-Marie Emmanuelle, Raynaud de Mauverger Eric
The hemorheological theory of optimal hematocrit suggests that the best value of hematocrit (hct) should be that which results in the highest value of the hematocrit/viscosity (h/η) ratio. Trained athletes compared to sedentary subjects have a lower hct, but a higher h/η, and endurance training reduces the discrepancy between the actual hct and the ⪡ideal⪢ hct that can be predicted with a theoretical curve of h/ηvs hct constructed with Quemada's model. In this study we investigated what becomes this homeostasis of h/η and hct during acute exercise in 19 athletes performing a 25 min exercise test...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Jong Hwan Jung, Yoon Jung Chae, Dong Hwan Lee, Young I Cho, Mi Mi Ko, Sung Kwang Park, Won Kim
Whole blood viscosity (WBV) plays a role in hemorheology and is determined by many factors such as red blood cell factors, plasma protein and blood volume. As WBV changes during hemodialysis, mortality may be due to changes in WBV in patients on hemodialysis. However, there are few prospective data on the relationship between changes in WBV and overall mortality in dialysis patients. We tried to investigate the correlations between values of WBV at variable shear rates before and after hemodialysis and overall or atherosclerosis-related mortality in patients with end-stage kidney disease...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Xinlei Song, Shu Zhang, Yanna Cheng, Ting Zhao, Qianqian Lian, Lu Lu, Fengshan Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the resuscitative efficacy and the effect on reperfusion injury of two site-specific PEGylated human serum albumins modified with linear or branched PEG20kDa, compared with saline, 8% human serum albumin and 25% human serum albumin, in a hemorrhagic shock model. SETTING: Laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats. DESIGN: Prospective study. INTERVENTIONS: Rats were bled to hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock and resuscitated with different resuscitation fluids...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Theodor Baars, Philipp Kahlert, Albert Baars, Heike Preibsch, Tienush Rassaf, Gerd Heusch, Petra Kleinbongard
OBJECTIVE: Stent implantation into atherosclerotic coronary vessels induces the release of particulate debris and soluble vasoactive substances, which impair downstream microvascular function. Microvascular perfusion, however, is also determined by hemorheological parameters. We therefore analyzed now changes in erythrocyte (RBC) aggregation in coronary arterial blood during stent implantation. METHODS: Symptomatic male patients with stable angina pectoris and stenosis in their native right coronary artery (RCA) or saphenous vein graft on right coronary artery (SVG-RCA) were enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Jeongho Kim, Md Nafiujjaman, Md Nurunnabi, Yong-Kyu Lee, Hun-Kuk Park
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are potential candidates for various biomedical applications such as drug delivery, bioimaging, cell labeling, and biosensors. However, toxicological information on their effects on red blood cells (RBCs) and the mechanisms involved remain unexplored. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first to investigate the toxicity effects of three GQDs with different surface functionalizations on the hemorheological characteristics of human RBCs, including hemolysis, deformability, aggregation, and morphological changes...
October 1, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Bing Pang, Tian-Yu Zhao, Lin-Hua Zhao, Fang Wan, Ru Ye, Qiang Zhou, Feng Tian, Xiao-Lin Tong
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was performed to systematically assess the efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Decoction (HGWWD) for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy. DATA SOURCES: Six electronic databases, including the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE database, Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database, and the Wanfang Database, were searched on the internet for randomized controlled trials published up until 1 December 2015...
August 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Matthew James Lawrence, Nick Marsden, Jakub Kaczynski, Gareth Davies, Nia Davies, Karl Hawkins, Sounder Perumal, Martin Rowan Brown, Keith Morris, Simon J Davidson, Phylip Rhodri Williams, Phillip Adrian Evans
BACKGROUND: Balancing the beneficial effects of resuscitation fluids against their detrimental effect on hemostasis is an important clinical issue. We aim to compare the in vitro effects of 3 different colloid resuscitation fluids (4.5% albumin, hydroxyethyl starch [Voluven 6%], and gelatin [Geloplasma]) on clot microstructure formation using a novel viscoelastic technique, the gel point. This novel hemorheologic technique measures the biophysical properties of the clot and provides an assessment of clot microstructure from its viscoelastic properties...
September 15, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Xiaoqiang Geng, Tianluo Lei, Hong Zhou, Weijuan Yao, Weihong Xin, Baoxue Yang
OBJECTIVE: Urea transporter-B (UT-B), highly expressed in erythrocyte, confers specific permeability to urea, urea analogues and water. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemorheological properties of UT-B null erythrocyte using a series of biophysical techniques. METHODS AND RESULTS: The blood was taken from UT-B knockout and wild type mice and the hemorheological parameters were measured. The UT-B inhibitor, PU-14, was used to treat the erythrocyte of wild-type mice in vitro and the deformability of the treated erythrocyte was analyzed...
August 16, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Pinar Ulker
: Backround:Possible toxic effects of hyperoxia have been reported previously. However, the number of studies investigating the influence of hyperoxia on blood cells is limited and there are no data regarding its hemorheological effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute hyperoxia, performed in human subjects at normal atmospheric pressure, on the rheological properties of blood. METHOD: The study was conducted with 12 brain death patients mechanically ventilated in the intensive care unit...
August 10, 2016: Biorheology
Alireza Yazdani, Xuejin Li, George Em Karniadakis
Quantifying dynamic and rheological properties of suspensions of soft biological particles such as vesicles, capsules, and red blood cells (RBCs) is fundamentally important in computational biology and biomedical engineering. In this review, recent studies on dynamic and rheological behavior of soft biological cell suspensions by computer simulations are presented, considering both unbounded and confined shear flow. Furthermore, the hemodynamic and hemorheological characteristics of RBCs in diseases such as malaria and sickle cell anemia are highlighted...
June 2016: Rheologica Acta
YanQuan Han, YuXin Li, YongZhong Wang, JiaRong Gao, LunZhu Xia, Yan Hong
In China, ginger (Zingiberofficinale Rosc.) and its processed products, such as dried ginger and stir-frying ginger are commonly applied in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The paper presents the research on the effects of fresh ginger, dried ginger and stir-frying ginger extracts in blood stasis syndrome. First, a blood stasis syndrome rats model was established and then the hemorheological and blood coagulation activities were analyzed. Third, a sensitive, simple, and valid gas chromatography combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF/MS) method was established to compare the metabolic fingerprint coupled with multivariate analysis...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Hwang-Woon Moon, Se-Hyun Shin, Chul-Hyun Lee, Hun-Young Park, Sub Sunoo, Sang-Seok Nam
Even though exercise hemorheology at hypoxic condition has been considered as a good tool to understand clinical hemorheology, there have been limited studies reported. Previous researches showed that hemorheological variables are closely correlated with oxygen delivery capacity during exercise. The present study investigated hypoxic responses including RBC deformability and aggregation, metabolic parameters and complete blood cell counts at various hypoxic conditions during cycling exercise and recovery. Eleven Korean healthy male subjects performed submaximal bike exercise at sea level (20...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Ponce de León Patricia, Toderi Martín, Castellini Horacio, Riquelme Bibiana
Possible changes in the erythrocyte membrane, by in vitro interaction with newborn larvae of T. spiralis (NL), were evaluated analyzing the alterations in erythrocyte aggregation by digital image analysis and laser transmission in a new optical chip aggregometer. NL were obtained from CBi mice infected with T. spiralis. RBCs samples from healthy donors where in vitro exposed to NL (concentration (3000 ± 500) larvae/mL) to assess its effect on RBC aggregation. Individual cell Coefficient (CCA) and aggregation parameter (S) were calculated by digitally processing RBC aggregate images, indicating the amount and size of the erythrocyte aggregates present...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Kinga Totsimon, Katalin Biro, Zsofia Eszter Szabo, Kalman Toth, Peter Kenyeres, Zsolt Marton
PURPOSE: The prognostic scoring systems for mortality of intensive care patients estimate clinical outcome using several physiological and biochemical parameters. In altered hemodynamic conditions of critically ill patients, hemorheological variables may play a significant role in appropriate tissue perfusion. We investigated if hemorheological parameters are altered in critical status and if they could be markers of mortality. METHODS: 112 patients (67.8 ± 12 years, 58 males, 54 females) treated in intensive care unit with different non-surgical diseases were investigated...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
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