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GPS and injurie prevention

Hanatsu Nagano, Rezaul K Begg
Impaired walking increases injury risk during locomotion, including falls-related acute injuries and overuse damage to lower limb joints. Gait impairments seriously restrict voluntary, habitual engagement in injury prevention activities, such as recreational walking and exercise. There is, therefore, an urgent need for technology-based interventions for gait disorders that are cost effective, willingly taken-up, and provide immediate positive effects on walking. Gait control using shoe-insoles has potential as an effective population-based intervention, and new sensor technologies will enhance the effectiveness of these devices...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
Danielle Mazza, Bianca Brijnath, Mary Alice O'Hare, Rasa Ruseckaite, Agnieszka Kosny, Alex Collie
Purpose To determine whether healthcare use and return-to-work (RTW) outcomes differ with GPs' injured-worker caseload. Methods Retrospective analyses of the Compensation Research Database, which captures approximately 85% of all injured worker claims in Victoria, Australia was conducted. Four injured-worker caseload groups were examined that represented the 25th, 50th, 75th, and 100th percentiles of claimants seen per GP over the 8-year study period (2003-2010): (i) 1-13 claimants; (ii) 14-26 claimants; (iii) 27-48 claimants; and (iv) 49+ claimants (total claims, n = 124,342; total GPs, n = 9748)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Alberto Roselló-Díez, Daniel Stephen, Alexandra L Joyner
Regulation of organ growth is a poorly understood process. In the long bones, the growth plates (GPs) drive elongation by generating a scaffold progressively replaced by bone. Although studies have focused on intrinsic GP regulation, classic and recent experiments suggest that local signals also modulate GP function. We devised a genetic mouse model to study extrinsic long bone growth modulation, in which injury is specifically induced in the left hindlimb, such that the right hindlimb serves as an internal control...
July 25, 2017: ELife
Marco Beato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Oliver Senn, Thomas Rosemann
AIM: As part of the "Choosing wisely" campaign expert-driven recommendations of inappropriate interventions which lead to overdiagnosis and overtreatment are being published. The aim of our work was to describe an innovative method for developing recommendations together with general practitioners (GPs) and to compare the results with the "Choosing wisely" campaign lists as well as with the Swiss "Smarter medicine" shortlist. METHODS: We asked 109 GPs who attended a medical education conference to form groups (of 5 to 7 GPs each) and develop three interventions that are relevant to their work and should be avoided...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS microtechnologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted triaxial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body load and to investigate the effect of GPS-unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
July 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Nik Hisamuddin Rahman, Ruslan Rainis, Syed Hatim Noor, Sharifah Mastura Syed Mohamad
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study is to utilize the geographical information system (GIS) software and perform the spatial analysis in relation to clinical data for road traffic injury (RTI) pediatric cases attending the emergency department. METHODS: The study sample included pediatric patients (age less than 18 years) with road-related injuries within a district in Malaysia who attended emergency departments of two tertiary hospitals within the district. In addition to injury, pre-hospital care and outcome data, the coordinate of the locations were obtained by the ambulance paramedics by using portable handheld GPS unit brand Garmin(®) model GPS 72 H...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS micro-technologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted tri-axial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body 'load', and to investigate the effect of GPS unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
May 2, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Daniel Ramskov, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Henrik Sørensen, Erik Parner, Martin Lind, Sten Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Injury incidence and prevalence in running populations have been investigated and documented in several studies. However, knowledge about injury etiology and prevention is needed. Training errors in running are modifiable risk factors and people engaged in recreational running need evidence-based running schedules to minimize the risk of injury. The existing literature on running volume and running intensity and the development of injuries show conflicting results. This may be related to previously applied study designs, methods used to quantify the performed running and the statistical analysis of the collected data...
April 23, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Yikai Chen, Yiming Li, Mark King, Qin Shi, Changjun Wang, Pingfan Li
OBJECTIVES: In China, serious road traffic crashes (SRTCs) are those in which there are 10-30 fatalities, 50-100 serious injuries, or a total cost of 50-100 million RMB (U.S.$8-16 M), and particularly serious road traffic crashes (PSRTCs) are those that are more severe or costly. Due to the large number of fatalities and injuries as well as the negative public reaction they elicit, SRTCs and PSRTCs have become of great concern to China during recent years. The aim of this study is to identify the main factors contributing to these road traffic crashes and to propose preventive measures to reduce their number...
November 16, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Aung Z Win
There is a raising demand for unscheduled care in the United Kingdom. Minor Ailments Schemes (MAS) were introduced to reduce the burden of minor ailments on higher cost settings such as general practices and emergency departments. The number of visits for minor ailments at GPs often declined following the implementation of MAS. Retail clinics in America employ nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) who can diagnose and treat minor illness, and minor injuries. Similar to the retail clinics, MAS can merge with walk-in centres...
November 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Richard Akenhead, George P Nassis
Training load (TL) is monitored with the aim of making evidence-based decisions on appropriate loading schemes to reduce injuries and enhance team performance. However, little is known in detail about the variables of load and methods of analysis used in high-level football. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide information on the practices and practitioners' perceptions of monitoring in professional clubs. Eighty-two high-level football clubs from Europe, the United States, and Australia were invited to answer questions relating to how TL is quantified, how players' responses are monitored, and their perceptions of the effectiveness of monitoring...
July 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Fabian E Ehrmann, Craig S Duncan, Doungkamol Sindhusake, William N Franzsen, David A Greene
This study investigated the relationship between GPS variables measured in training and gameplay and injury occurrences in professional soccer. Nineteen professional soccer players competing in the Australian Hyundai A-League were monitored for 1 entire season using 5 Hz Global Positioning System (GPS) units (SPI-Pro GPSports) in training sessions and preseason games. The measurements obtained were total distance, high-intensity running distance, very-high-intensity running distance, new body load, and meters per minute...
February 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
R Jabbour, S Turner, L Hussey, F Page, R Agius
BACKGROUND: Accurate workplace injury data are useful in the prioritization of prevention strategies. In the UK, physicians report workplace ill-health data within The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network, including injury case reports. AIMS: To compare workplace injury data reported by occupational physicians (OPs) and general practitioners (GPs) to THOR. METHODS: Injury cases reported by OPs and GPs, reported to THOR between 2006 and 2012 were analysed...
June 2015: Occupational Medicine
Veronica Sahlén, Andrea Friebe, Solve Sæbø, Jon E Swenson, Ole-Gunnar Støen
Encounters between Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos) and humans that result in human injuries and fatalities typically coincide with den entry in October and November, and commonly occur near a den. Our aim was to determine when bears arrive at their dens, identify potential predictors of this event, document behavior and activity associated with this period, and attempt to explain the increased risk of bear-caused human injuries in this period. We analyzed global positioning system (GPS) location and activity data from brown bears in south-central Sweden, using generalized linear mixed models, statistical process control, and activity analyses...
February 2015: Journal of Wildlife Management
Fouad Youssef, Jean Martin Laberge, Robert J Baird
BACKGROUND: Optimal timing of delivery in fetuses with gastroschisis (GS) is unknown. Some favor early induced delivery to prevent bowel injury. This study evaluates the correlation between bowel injury and the gestational age at birth using the Gastroschisis Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: A national database was analyzed from 2005 to 2013. Patients were pooled based on their gestational age at birth. The mean GPS and % of patients with severe bowel matting were tabulated for each week in utero...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
R P J C Ramanayake, Sudeshika Ranasingha, Saumya Lakmini
INTRODUCTION: Management of emergencies is an integral part of primary care. Being first contact care providers general practitioners may encounter any type of emergency. Acute attacks of asthma, myocardial infarction, anaphylactic shock, hypoglycemic coma, convulsions, head injuries and trauma are some of the common emergencies encountered by GPs. Updated knowledge, communication and procedural skills, trained paramedical staff, necessary equipment and medications and appropriate practice organization are vital to provide optimum care which may even save lives of patients...
October 2014: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec, Ivana Marić
BACKGROUND: School health services (SHS) have in Croatia long tradition, established organizational structure, defined program and educated staff. The program is limited to the preventive activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the satisfaction of the children, school staff and parents with existing school health services in the City of Zagreb. SUBJECT AND METHODS: The structured questionnaire was sent to the primary and secondary schools in the City of Zagreb, which were selected using random sample method...
December 2014: Psychiatria Danubina
Toshihisa Takeuchi, Kazuhiro Ota, Satoshi Harada, Yuichi Kojima, Takuya Inoue, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Yasuhisa Sakata, Kazuma Fujimoto, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Takeshi Azuma, Kazuhide Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Proton-pump inhibitors are known to be effective in the treatment and prevention of ulcers related to low-dose aspirin (LDA), but few reports address H2 -receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and gastroprotective agents (GPs). This study was intended to compare the therapeutic effects of an H2RA and a GP against gastroduodenal mucosal injuries in patients taking LDA. METHODS: The subjects consisted of patients requiring continuous LDA treatment, in whom no peptic ulcer was found on endoscopy at enrollment...
December 2014: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
H Kassam, V Tzortziou Brown, P O'Halloran, P Wheeler, J Fairclough, N Maffulli, D Morrissey
AIM: Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) aims to manage sporting injuries and promote physical activity. This study explores general practitioners' (GPs) awareness, understanding and utilisation of their local SEM services. DESIGN: A questionnaire survey, including patient case scenarios, was administered between February and May 2011. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 693 GPs working in Cardiff and Vale, Leicester and Tower Hamlets were invited to participate...
December 2014: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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