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GPS and injurie prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632834/lumbar-and-cervico-thoracic-spine-loading-during-a-fast-bowling-spell
#1
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS micro-technologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted tri-axial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body 'load', and to investigate the effect of GPS unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547282/geospatial-and-clinical-analyses-on-pediatric-related-road-traffic-injury-in-malaysia
#2
Nik Hisamuddin Rahman, Ruslan Rainis, Syed Hatim Noor, Sharifah Mastura Syed Mohamad
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study is to utilize the geographical information system (GIS) software and perform the spatial analysis in relation to clinical data for road traffic injury (RTI) pediatric cases attending the emergency department. METHODS: The study sample included pediatric patients (age less than 18 years) with road-related injuries within a district in Malaysia who attended emergency departments of two tertiary hospitals within the district. In addition to injury, pre-hospital care and outcome data, the coordinate of the locations were obtained by the ambulance paramedics by using portable handheld GPS unit brand Garmin(®) model GPS 72 H...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140961/lumbar-and-cervico-thoracic-spine-loading-during-a-fast-bowling-spell
#3
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS micro-technologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted tri-axial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body 'load', and to investigate the effect of GPS unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
May 2, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107810/the-design-of-the-run-clever-randomized-trial-running-volume-intensity-and-running-related-injuries
#4
Daniel Ramskov, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Henrik Sørensen, Erik Parner, Martin Lind, Sten Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Injury incidence and prevalence in running populations have been investigated and documented in several studies. However, knowledge about injury etiology and prevention is needed. Training errors in running are modifiable risk factors and people engaged in recreational running need evidence-based running schedules to minimize the risk of injury. The existing literature on running volume and running intensity and the development of injuries show conflicting results. This may be related to previously applied study designs, methods used to quantify the performed running and the statistical analysis of the collected data...
April 23, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088620/identification-methods-of-key-contributing-factors-in-crashes-with-high-numbers-of-fatalities-and-injuries-in-china
#5
Yikai Chen, Yiming Li, Mark King, Qin Shi, Changjun Wang, Pingfan Li
OBJECTIVES: In China, serious road traffic crashes (SRTCs) are those in which there are 10-30 fatalities, 50-100 serious injuries, or a total cost of 50-100 million RMB (U.S.$8-16 M), and particularly serious road traffic crashes (PSRTCs) are those that are more severe or costly. Due to the large number of fatalities and injuries as well as the negative public reaction they elicit, SRTCs and PSRTCs have become of great concern to China during recent years. The aim of this study is to identify the main factors contributing to these road traffic crashes and to propose preventive measures to reduce their number...
November 16, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975702/comparison-of-uk-s-minor-ailments-scheme-and-us-s-retail-clinic-model-a-narrative-review
#6
Aung Z Win
There is a raising demand for unscheduled care in the United Kingdom. Minor Ailments Schemes (MAS) were introduced to reduce the burden of minor ailments on higher cost settings such as general practices and emergency departments. The number of visits for minor ailments at GPs often declined following the implementation of MAS. Retail clinics in America employ nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) who can diagnose and treat minor illness, and minor injuries. Similar to the retail clinics, MAS can merge with walk-in centres...
March 15, 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456711/training-load-and-player-monitoring-in-high-level-football-current-practice-and-perceptions
#7
Richard Akenhead, George P Nassis
Training load (TL) is monitored with the aim of making evidence-based decisions on appropriate loading schemes to reduce injuries and enhance team performance. However, little is known in detail about the variables of load and methods of analysis used in high-level football. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide information on the practices and practitioners' perceptions of monitoring in professional clubs. Eighty-two high-level football clubs from Europe, the United States, and Australia were invited to answer questions relating to how TL is quantified, how players' responses are monitored, and their perceptions of the effectiveness of monitoring...
July 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26200191/gps-and-injury-prevention-in-professional-soccer
#8
Fabian E Ehrmann, Craig S Duncan, Doungkamol Sindhusake, William N Franzsen, David A Greene
This study investigated the relationship between GPS variables measured in training and gameplay and injury occurrences in professional soccer. Nineteen professional soccer players competing in the Australian Hyundai A-League were monitored for 1 entire season using 5 Hz Global Positioning System (GPS) units (SPI-Pro GPSports) in training sessions and preseason games. The measurements obtained were total distance, high-intensity running distance, very-high-intensity running distance, new body load, and meters per minute...
February 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25883217/workplace-injury-data-reported-by-occupational-physicians-and-general-practitioners
#9
R Jabbour, S Turner, L Hussey, F Page, R Agius
BACKGROUND: Accurate workplace injury data are useful in the prioritization of prevention strategies. In the UK, physicians report workplace ill-health data within The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network, including injury case reports. AIMS: To compare workplace injury data reported by occupational physicians (OPs) and general practitioners (GPs) to THOR. METHODS: Injury cases reported by OPs and GPs, reported to THOR between 2006 and 2012 were analysed...
June 2015: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866420/den-entry-behavior-in-scandinavian-brown-bears-implications-for-preventing-human-injuries
#10
Veronica Sahlén, Andrea Friebe, Solve Sæbø, Jon E Swenson, Ole-Gunnar Støen
Encounters between Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos) and humans that result in human injuries and fatalities typically coincide with den entry in October and November, and commonly occur near a den. Our aim was to determine when bears arrive at their dens, identify potential predictors of this event, document behavior and activity associated with this period, and attempt to explain the increased risk of bear-caused human injuries in this period. We analyzed global positioning system (GPS) location and activity data from brown bears in south-central Sweden, using generalized linear mixed models, statistical process control, and activity analyses...
February 2015: Journal of Wildlife Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25783374/the-correlation-between-the-time-spent-in-utero-and-the-severity-of-bowel-matting-in-newborns-with-gastroschisis
#11
Fouad Youssef, Jean Martin Laberge, Robert J Baird
BACKGROUND: Optimal timing of delivery in fetuses with gastroschisis (GS) is unknown. Some favor early induced delivery to prevent bowel injury. This study evaluates the correlation between bowel injury and the gestational age at birth using the Gastroschisis Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: A national database was analyzed from 2005 to 2013. Patients were pooled based on their gestational age at birth. The mean GPS and % of patients with severe bowel matting were tabulated for each week in utero...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25657933/management-of-emergencies-in-general-practice-role-of-general-practitioners
#12
R P J C Ramanayake, Sudeshika Ranasingha, Saumya Lakmini
INTRODUCTION: Management of emergencies is an integral part of primary care. Being first contact care providers general practitioners may encounter any type of emergency. Acute attacks of asthma, myocardial infarction, anaphylactic shock, hypoglycemic coma, convulsions, head injuries and trauma are some of the common emergencies encountered by GPs. Updated knowledge, communication and procedural skills, trained paramedical staff, necessary equipment and medications and appropriate practice organization are vital to provide optimum care which may even save lives of patients...
October 2014: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536985/school-health-services-in-the-city-of-zagreb-do-we-meet-adolescents-needs
#13
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec, Ivana Marić
BACKGROUND: School health services (SHS) have in Croatia long tradition, established organizational structure, defined program and educated staff. The program is limited to the preventive activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the satisfaction of the children, school staff and parents with existing school health services in the City of Zagreb. SUBJECT AND METHODS: The structured questionnaire was sent to the primary and secondary schools in the City of Zagreb, which were selected using random sample method...
December 2014: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25521726/comparison-of-teprenone-and-famotidine-against-gastroduodenal-mucosal-damage-in-patients-taking-low-dose-aspirin
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Toshihisa Takeuchi, Kazuhiro Ota, Satoshi Harada, Yuichi Kojima, Takuya Inoue, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Yasuhisa Sakata, Kazuma Fujimoto, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Takeshi Azuma, Kazuhide Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Proton-pump inhibitors are known to be effective in the treatment and prevention of ulcers related to low-dose aspirin (LDA), but few reports address H2 -receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and gastroprotective agents (GPs). This study was intended to compare the therapeutic effects of an H2RA and a GP against gastroduodenal mucosal injuries in patients taking LDA. METHODS: The subjects consisted of patients requiring continuous LDA treatment, in whom no peptic ulcer was found on endoscopy at enrollment...
December 2014: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25352675/general-practitioners-attitude-to-sport-and-exercise-medicine-services-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
H Kassam, V Tzortziou Brown, P O'Halloran, P Wheeler, J Fairclough, N Maffulli, D Morrissey
AIM: Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) aims to manage sporting injuries and promote physical activity. This study explores general practitioners' (GPs) awareness, understanding and utilisation of their local SEM services. DESIGN: A questionnaire survey, including patient case scenarios, was administered between February and May 2011. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 693 GPs working in Cardiff and Vale, Leicester and Tower Hamlets were invited to participate...
December 2014: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25054573/accelerometer-and-gps-derived-running-loads-and-injury-risk-in-elite-australian-footballers
#16
Marcus J Colby, Brian Dawson, Jarryd Heasman, Brent Rogalski, Tim J Gabbett
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between overall physical workload (global positioning systems [GPS]/accelerometer) measures and injury risk in elite Australian football players (n = 46) during a season. Workload data and (intrinsic) injury incidence were monitored across preseason and in-season (18 matches) phases. Multiple regression was used to compare cumulative (1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-weekly loads) and absolute change (from previous-to-current week) in workloads between injured and uninjured players for all GPS/accelerometer-derived variables: total distance, V1 distance (total distance above individual's aerobic threshold speed), sprint distance, force load, velocity load, and relative velocity change...
August 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24714531/training-and-game-loads-and-injury-risk-in-elite-australian-footballers
#17
Marcus Colby, Brian Dawson, Jarryd Heasman, Brent Rogalski, Tim J Gabbett
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between overall physical workload (GPS/accelerometer) measures and injury risk in elite Australian football players (n=46) during a season. Workload data and (intrinsic) injury incidence was monitored across pre-season and in-season (18 matches) phases. Multiple regression was used to compare cumulative (1-, 2-, 3-, 4-weekly loads) and absolute change (from previous-to-current week) in workloads between injured and uninjured players for all GPS/accelerometer-derived variables: total distance; V1 distance (total distance above individual's aerobic threshold speed); sprint distance; force load; velocity load and relative velocity change...
April 7, 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24109090/patient-needs-from-general-practice-following-a-traumatic-injury-a-qualitative-study-using-narrative-interviews-with-british-service-personnel
#18
Thomas R Bailey
OBJECTIVES: To explore the first period of sick leave in military patients following a traumatic battle injury, and the role of primary care. To identify if and where patients perceived difficulties. METHOD: Participants were recruited from The Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre (DMRC) Headley Court on their second admission. Purposive sampling was used to access a range of different injuries and experiences. Nine patients were interviewed at DMRC where they were asked to recount their stories throughout rehabilitation...
March 2014: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23771412/the-selective-5-lox-inhibitor-11-keto-%C3%AE-boswellic-acid-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-involvement-of-redox-and-inflammatory-cascades
#19
Shimaa M Elshazly, Dalia M Abd El Motteleb, Noha N Nassar
Myocardial ischemia induces 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) translocation and leukotriene production in the heart. Leukotrienes increase inflammatory responses aggravating, thereby, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study aimed to investigate whether the selective 5-LOX inhibitor 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (11-keto BA), in three different dose levels, exert a protective effect on myocardial I/R injury in an in vivo rat heart model. Sixty male Wister rats were used in this study and divided into five equal groups (n=12): GP1, sham-operated receiving normal saline; Gp 2, rats were subjected to 45 min left anterior descending coronary artery ligation followed by 4 h reperfusion to serve as I/R group...
September 2013: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23683471/an-analysis-of-hiker-preparedness-a-survey-of-hiker-habits-in-new-hampshire
#20
Ryan C Mason, Selim Suner, Kenneth A Williams
OBJECTIVE: Describe hiking habits in a heavily used wilderness area to better target injury prevention and reduce search-and-rescue events. METHODS: A cross-sectional, convenience survey was conducted at 3 trailheads in the White Mountain National Forest of New Hampshire during summer 2011. The study group consisted of hikers who consented to a questionnaire before their trip that assessed demographics, experience, hiking gear, pretrip planning, and communication devices...
September 2013: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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