keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hamstrings injurie

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032593/association-analysis-of-the-actn3-r577x-polymorphism-with-passive-muscle-stiffness-and-muscle-strain-injury
#1
Naokazu Miyamoto, Eri Miyamoto-Mikami, Kosuke Hirata, Noriko Kimura, Noriyuki Fuku
Passive muscle stiffness is considered to be a major factor affecting joint flexibility and is thought to relate to the occurrence of muscle strain injury. In skinned muscle fiber experiments, the R577X polymorphism of the α-actinin-3 gene (ACTN3) has been associated with passive muscle stiffness. Our primary purpose was to clarify whether the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism influences passive stiffness of human muscle in vivo. We also examined whether the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism is associated with the occurrence of hamstring strain injury...
October 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029987/multiple-extensor-tendons-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-grafts-and-flap-coverage-for-severe-dorsal-hand-injuries
#2
M Ozbaydar, O Orman, O Ozel, E Altan
Treatment of patients with traumatic loss of skin and multiple extensor tendons on the dorsum of the hand is a challenge. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome after reconstruction of soft tissues and multiple extensor tendons in patients who suffered traumatic loss of skin and multiple extensor tendons. Ten patients were enrolled in the study. These patients underwent single-stage reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendon grafts for multiple extensor tendon defects and fasciocutaneous flaps for coverage of dorsal hand defects...
October 10, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023278/surgical-approach-impacts-posterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-outcomes-after-proximal-hamstring-repair
#3
Thomas J Wilson, Robert J Spinner, Aaron J Krych
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to characterize the risk of intraoperative injury to the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve and to evaluate potential risk factors for injury during surgical repair of proximal hamstring injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: The cohort consisted of all patients presenting to a single institution with a proximal hamstring avulsion injury who were managed with surgical repair between January 1, 2000 and August 1, 2016...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#4
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019442/the-use-of-hamstring-fatigue-to-reduce-quadriceps-inhibition-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#5
Timothy Lowe, Xuanliang Neil Dong
Arthrogenic muscle inhibition, an inability to fully activate the quadriceps muscles, has been persistently observed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr) surgery. Reductions in quadriceps activation may be partly due to the flexion reflex pathway, hamstrings activation, and reciprocal quadriceps inhibition. Since central fatigue has been shown to modify hamstring excitability and change the hamstring reflex response, hamstring fatigue might alleviate quadriceps muscle inhibition by counteracting the flexion reflex...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990574/an-evidence-based-evaluation-on-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-orthopedics-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Nasir Hussain, Herman Johal, Mohit Bhandari
Within orthopedics, the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been rapidly increasing in popularity, however, its true effectiveness has yet to be fully established. Several studies find that injecting PRP to the site of injury does not provide any significant benefit with respect to clinical outcomes; however, many others report the contrary. Due to the conflicting evidence and multiple meta-analyses conducted on the topic, a literature review of high-quality evidence on the use of PRP for common orthopaedic conditions was performed...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#7
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979605/medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-using-the-hamstring-tendon-for-patellofemoral-joint-instability-in-an-81-year-old-female
#8
Tsuneari Takahashi, Katsushi Takeshita
INTRODUCTION: Chronic patellofemoral instability occurs mainly in adolescent females and can also be induced by medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injury. There are no case reports of MPFL reconstruction for chronic patellofemoral instability due to MPFL injury in aged populations. CASE PRESENTATION: 81-year-old female presented with left knee pain, giving way, and patellar instability while climbing stairs, which continued for 18 months. Patellar apprehension test was positive, and roentgenogram showed lateral patellar subluxation...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976491/genetic-variants-and-hamstring-injury-in-soccer-an-association-and-validation-study
#9
Jon Larruskain, David Celorrio, Irantzu Barrio, Adrian Odriozola, Susana M Gil, Juan Ramon Fernandez-Lopez, Raul Nozal, Isusko Ortuzar, Jose A Lekue, Jose M Aznar
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with non-contact hamstring muscle injuries in elite soccer players, and to create and validate a model to assess the risk of hamstring injury. METHODS: 107 elite male outfield players were prospectively followed for 6 seasons. Players were genotyped for 37 SNPs previously investigated in relation to musculoskeletal injuries. The association of SNPs, previous injury, age, level of play, position and anthropometric data with 129 hamstring injuries (413 observations) was investigated in the discovery phase (2010-2015), and a multivariable Cox-frailty model was created using forward selection...
October 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975280/the-functional-roles-of-muscles-passive-prostheses-and-powered-prostheses-during-sloped-walking-in-people-with-a-transtibial-amputation
#10
Nathaniel T Pickle, Alena M Grabowski, Jana R Jeffers, Anne K Silverman
Sloped walking is challenging for individuals with transtibial amputation (TTA) due to the functional loss of the ankle plantarflexors. Prostheses that actively generate ankle power may help to restore this lost function. The purpose of this study was to use musculoskeletal modeling and simulation to quantify the mechanical power delivered to body segments by passive and powered prostheses and the remaining muscles in the amputated and intact legs during sloped walking. We generated walking simulations from experimental kinematic and kinetic data on slopes of 0, ±3 deg and ±6 deg in eight people with a TTA using powered and passive prostheses and eight nonamputees...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972820/injuries-in-cricket
#11
Dinshaw N Pardiwala, Nandan N Rao, Ankit V Varshney
CONTEXT: Cricket is a popular global sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, skill, and strategy. Although a noncontact sport, overuse and impact injuries are common since players engage in a wide range of physical activities, including running, throwing, batting, bowling, catching, and diving. Significant or match time-loss injuries are defined as those that either prevent a player from being fully available for selection in a major match, or during a major match, cause a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team's captain...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970981/adjustable-button-devices-for-all-arthroscopic-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-the%C3%A2-hamstrings-tendons-and-the-forgotten-transseptal-approach
#12
Paul Brossard, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Jean-Claude Panisset, Frédéric Mauris, Johannes Barth
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) ruptures account for nearly 20% of all ligamentous knee injuries. These may be either isolated or in the setting of a more complex knee trauma. Isolated tears with moderate posterior laxity (grades I or II) are commonly treated conservatively; nevertheless, symptomatic grade III injuries frequently require surgical intervention. PCL reconstruction remains a challenging surgery for multiple reasons like the neurovascular structures' proximity, the difficult passage of the graft with the "killer turn" angle, or the risk of poor graft fixation...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970127/relationships-of-hamstring-muscle-volumes-to-lateral-tibial-slope
#13
Randy J Schmitz, Anthony S Kulas, Sandra J Shultz, Justin P Waxman, Hsin-Min Wang, Robert A Kraft
BACKGROUND: Greater posterior-inferior directed slope of the lateral tibial plateau (LTS) has been demonstrated to be a prospective ACL injury risk factor. Trainable measures to overcome a greater LTS need to be identified for optimizing injury prevention protocols. It was hypothesized that Healthy individuals with greater LTS who have not sustained an ACL injury would have a larger lateral hamstring volume. METHODS: Eleven healthy females (mean +/- standard deviation) (1...
September 29, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966371/comparison-of-outcomes-of-two-femoral-fixation-devices-in-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Miguel Angel Sánchez-Carrasco, Juan Francisco Abellán, Salima Qudsi-Sinclair, Guadalupe Ruiz-Merino, Francisco Javier Carrillo-Juliá, David Bo-Rueda
BACKGROUND: Tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common ligamentous injury of the knee. Reconstruction of this ligament is often required to restore functional stability of the knee. Outcome of ACL reconstruction is significantly affected by how the graft is fixed to the bone. This study is to determine if there is a different clinical outcome after cortical versus cortical-cancellous suspension femoral fixation in hamstring based anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958636/association-of-prospective-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-and-musculoskeletal-balance-and-physiological-characteristics-in-special-operations-forces
#15
Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Thomas M Baldwin, Michael Caviston, Mita Lovalekar, Christopher Connaboy, Bradley C Nindl, Kim Beals
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has examined lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury (MSI) patterns and risk factors in Special Operations Forces (SOF) trainees, conventional military personnel, and athletes; however, it is unclear if SOF have the same patterns/risk factors. This study aimed to determine the association of musculoskeletal, balance, and physiological characteristics with LE MSI in SOF. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: A total of 726 Air Force (N=140), Navy Sea, Air, and Land (N=301), and Special Warfare Combatant Crewmen (N=285) SOF (age=25...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952868/comparison-of-thigh-muscle-strain-occurrence-and-injury-patterns-between-male-and-female-high-school-soccer-athletes
#16
Kevin M Cross, Kelly K Gurka, Susan Saliba, Mark Conaway, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT: Thigh muscles strains are among the most common injuries in high school soccer for both males and females. Similar results have been reported among collegiate soccer players, specifically for hamstring strains. In collegiate soccer, males have a higher injury rate than women although they share common injury characteristics. Currently, no studies exist comparing the injury rate or injury characteristics of thigh muscle strains between sexes playing high school soccer. OBJECTIVE: To compare thigh muscle strain injury rates and injury event characteristics among sexes participating in high school soccer...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951643/acl-reconstruction-using-femoral-rigid-fix-and-tibial-bio-intrafix-devices
#17
Rahul Singh, Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Monappa A Naik, Premjit Sujir, Sharath K Rao
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to report the clinical and functional outcomes of Hamstring graft ACL reconstruction fixed with femoral Rigid-fix and tibial Bio-intrafix devices. METHODS: In a prospective study, the clinical (Lysholm score) and functional outcomes (International Knee Documentation Committee, IKDC) of 44 patients who underwent autologus hamstring graft ACL reconstruction using femoral Rigid-fix and tibial Bio-intrafix devices, were evaluated at the end of one year...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930870/hamstring-myoelectrical-activity-during-three-different-kettlebell-swing-exercises
#18
Michael J Del Monte, David A Opar, Ryan G Timmins, James Ross, Justin Wl Keogh, Christian Lorenzen
Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat and double knee extension) and were assessed for medial hamstrings (MH) and biceps femoris (BF) myoelectrical activity via surface electromyography (sEMG). Bipolar pre-gelled Ag/AgCl surface electromyography (sEMG) electrodes (10mm diameter, 20mm inter-electrode distance) were placed on the participant's dominant limb after correct skin preparation...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927769/spontaneous-healing-of-a-tear-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-graft-a-case-report
#19
Natalie Yu Yi Ng, Barry Wei Loong Tan, Lingaraj Krishna
BACKGROUND: Almost 30% of young athletic patients sustain a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury within 24months of their ACL reconstruction and returning to pivoting sports. Most patients with high athletic demand and significant anteroposterior instability often require ACL revision surgery to restore their pre-injury activity levels. CASE REPORT: A 24-year old gentleman ruptured his hamstring tendon autograft during a twisting injury seven months after his ACL reconstruction...
September 16, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#20
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
keyword
keyword
89479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"