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injurie prevention and soccer

Wesam Saleh A Al Attar, Najeebullah Soomro, Peter J Sinclair, Evangelos Pappas, Ross H Sanders
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries are among the most common non-contact injuries in sports. The Nordic hamstring (NH) exercise has been shown to decrease risk by increasing eccentric hamstring strength. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effectiveness of the injury prevention programs that included the NH exercise on reducing hamstring injury rates while factoring in athlete workload. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched for eligible studies using the following databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via OvidSP, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine) via OvidSP, EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, CINAHL and AusSportMed, from inception to December 2015...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Viswanathan Shankar, Michael McCrea, Robert C Cantu
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of sports-related concussion is not well-described in the literature. This paper presents a descriptive epidemiology of concussion in seven high school and collegiate sports. METHODS: We used the data from Concussion Prevention Initiative (CPI), which enrolled 8905 athletes at 210 high schools and 26 colleges in a prospective cohort study of 7 sports (football, men's and women's soccer, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's ice hockey) between 1999 and 2001...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Thor S Stead, Vaibhav Rastogi, Vishnumurthy S Hedna, Latha Ganti
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to: 1) estimate the penetrance (in terms of youth coaches being aware of them) of the CDC "Heads Up!" guidelines, 2) determine whether these guidelines changed the coaches' practice, and 3) understand whether these guidelines resulted in a perceived decrease in the number of concussions. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of pediatric sports coaches in the United States designed to assess the impact of the CDC "Heads Up!" GUIDELINES: "Heads Up!" Concussion in Youth Sports is a free, online course available to coaches, parents, and others helping to keep athletes safe from concussions...
August 29, 2016: Curēus
J O'Brien, W Young, C F Finch
The efficacy of injury prevention exercise programs (IPEPs) for amateur youth soccer has been established, but little is known about their adaptability to other soccer populations. This study aimed to assess the use of individual injury prevention exercises by professional youth soccer teams, against the industry-standard, FIFA 11+ program. Four teams' chosen IPEPs were observed across one season and documented on a standardized form. The use of each FIFA 11+ exercise was coded as "performed", "performed modified" or "not performed"...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
D Fulstone, A Chandran, M Barron, L DiPietro
We extend previous analyses and examined sex-differences in the rate and severity of knee injuries among collegiate soccer players between 2004 and 2009. Data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System (NCAA ISS) were used to calculate injury incidence density (ID) per 1 000 athletic exposures (AE). Multivariable regression modeling then tested the relation between sex and knee injury incidence and severity among all injured soccer players, while controlling for contact, setting, and division level, as well as for the interactions among these variables...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Lavinia Falese, Pietro Della Valle, Bruno Federico
Epidemiological studies on football (soccer) injuries are needed to assess both the magnitude of the problem and the effectiveness of preventive programmes. However, few data are available for Italy, which hosts one of the main football leagues in Europe. In this study, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of football injuries in the 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons of the Italian Serie A. Information about injury location, type, date of occurrence and duration of absence was obtained from
September 29, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Ingo Helmich
BACKGROUND: Concussions are common incidences in sports. However, game-specific characteristics such as tactics, field positions, etc. might positively/negatively contribute to the occurrence of mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) in various sports such as soccer, volleyball, handball, or basketball. Thus, the intention of this study was to analyze game- specific characteristics of concussive incidents in active players from the perspective of different sportive disciplines. METHODS: Four sport-specific questionnaires for soccer, handball, volleyball and basketball were established using an online survey tool...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Nicholas A Smith, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of youth soccer-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of soccer-related injuries among children 7 through 17 years of age from 1990 through 2014 with data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Injury rates were calculated from soccer participation data. RESULTS: An estimated 2 995 765 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2 309 112-3 682 418) children 7 through 17 years old were treated in US emergency departments for soccer-related injuries during the 25-year study period, averaging 119 831 (95% CI, 92 364-147 297) annually...
September 12, 2016: Pediatrics
Lucas Rafael Heleno, Rubens A da Silva, Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Cristiane Regina Coelho Candido, Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki, Ariobaldo Frisseli, Christiane de S Guerino Macedo
: Sensory motor training programs are used in the rehabilitation and prevention of injuries among soccer players. Inconsistencies are found in the literature regarding the duration of the protocols and the exercises and equipment used. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits of a five-week sensory motor training program on the functional performance and postural control of young soccer players. METHODS: The study sample comprised 22 young male soccer players who were evaluated using: the Figure-of-Eight Test (F8), Side Hop Test (SHT), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and a force platform...
May 10, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Michael R Bobian, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Houmehr Hojjat, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Mahdi A Shkoukani
PURPOSE: Soccer participation continues to increase among all ages in the US. Our objective was to analyze trends in soccer-related facial injury epidemiology, demographics, and mechanisms of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was evaluated for soccer-related facial injuries from 2010 through 2014. Results for product code "soccer" were filtered for injures to the face. Number of injuries was extrapolated, and data were analyzed for age, sex, specific injury diagnoses, locations, and mechanisms...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Nathan L Grimm, John C Jacobs, Jaewhan Kim, Annunziato Amendola, Kevin G Shea
BACKGROUND: Soccer has one of the highest rates of ankle injury in sports for both males and females. Several injury prevention programs have been developed to address this concern. The purposes of this study were to conduct a meta-analysis of ankle injury prevention programs for soccer players, assess the heterogeneity among the studies, and evaluate the reported effectiveness of the prevention programs. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) database...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Alberto Mendez-Villanueva, Luis Suarez-Arrones, Gil Rodas, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Per Tesch, Richard Linnehan, Richard Kreider, Valter Di Salvo
The present study examined site-specific hamstring muscles use with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in elite soccer players during strength training. Thirty-six players were randomized into four groups, each performing either Nordic hamstring, flywheel leg-curl, Russian belt or the hip-extension conic-pulley exercise. The transverse relaxation time (T2) shift from pre- to post-MRI were calculated for the biceps femoris long (BFl) and short (BFs) heads, semitendinosus (ST) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles at proximal, middle and distal areas of the muscle length...
2016: PloS One
Mitchell C M van Doormaal, Nick van der Horst, Frank J G Backx, Dirk-Wouter Smits, Bionka M A Huisstede
BACKGROUND: In soccer, although hamstring flexibility is thought to play a major role in preventing hamstring injuries, the relationship between hamstring flexibility and hamstring injuries remains unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between hamstring flexibility and hamstring injuries in male amateur soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: This study included 450 male first-class amateur soccer players (mean age, 24...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Massimiliano Pau, Federico Mereu, Marco Melis, Bruno Leban, Federica Corona, Gianfranco Ibba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of actual match effort on dynamic balance abilities in young elite soccer players. METHODS: Seventeen Under 15 male players who compete at national level participated in the study. Their dynamic balance was assessed by having them jump starting with both feet on the ground in a standing position and land on one foot only. Their vertical time to stabilization (vTTS) and postural sway were calculated before and after 35 min of an unofficial match...
May 21, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Benno Ejnisman, Gisele Barbosa, Carlos V Andreoli, A de Castro Pochini, Thiago Lobo, Rodrigo Zogaib, Moises Cohen, Mario Bizzini, Jiri Dvorak
In the last years, shoulder injuries have represented an increasing health problem in soccer players. The goalkeepers are more exposed to shoulder disorders than other field players. Injury prevention exercises for upper limbs were cited in few studies involving throwing athletes, but we know that goalkeepers need a specific program. The purpose of this study is to describe the development of an adapted Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ program, namely the FIFA 11+ shoulder, which targets the prevention of shoulder injuries in soccer goalkeepers...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Javier Yanci, Asier Los Arcos, Jesús Camara, Daniel Castillo, Alberto García, Carlo Castagna
The aim of this study was to examine the dose response effect of strength and conditioning programmes, involving horizontally oriented plyometric exercises, on relevant soccer performance variables. Sixteen soccer players were randomly allocated to two 6-week plyometric training groups (G1 and G2) differing by imposed (twice a week) training volume. Post-training G1 (4.13%; d = 0.43) and G2 (2.45%; d = 0.53) moderately improved their horizontal countermovement jump performance. Significant between-group differences (p < 0...
August 22, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Jessica C Martinez, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, Michael F Joseph, Kelly D Pagnotta, Thomas H Trojian, Lindsay J DiStefano
OBJECTIVES: To examine what factors influence a high school female athlete's stated willingness to perform a lower extremity injury prevention program (IPP). A secondary aim was to examine if a participant's stated willingness affected her compliance with an IPP. DESIGN: Repeated measures. METHODS: We surveyed high school female field hockey, soccer and volleyball athletes before and after a season-long IPP warm-up intervention. Participants completed the Injury Prevention Program Attitude Survey (IPPAS), a paper and pencil survey utilizing Likert-style and open-ended questions...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Thore-Björn Haag, H Michael Mayer, Alexandra S Schneider, Michael C Rumpf, Martin Handel, Christian Schneider
The purpose of this study is to identify several responsible parameters for back pain (BP) in youth soccer players to create a risk assessment tool for early prevention. An iPad-based survey was used to screen for parameters in a cross-sectional study. This questionnaire includes items regarding anthropometric data, training habits and sports injuries and was put into practice with 1110 athletes. Sex (odds ratio (OR): 1.84), age group (1.48) and playing surface (1.56) were significantly associated with BP. A history of injuries especially to the spine and hip/groin increased the likelihood for evolving recurrent BP (1...
August 18, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Avinash Chandran, Mary J Barron, Beverly J Westerman, Loretta DiPietro
BACKGROUND: A number of sociocultural and environmental changes have occurred over the past several decades that may affect the risk of injury among young athletes playing soccer. PURPOSE: To identify trends in injury incidence and severity between 2 time periods (1990-1996 and 2004-2009) in both male and female National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) soccer players in the United States. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the NCAA Injury Surveillance System...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Matteo Guzzini, Daniele Mazza, Mattia Fabbri, Riccardo Lanzetti, Andrea Redler, Carlo Iorio, Edoardo Monaco, Andrea Ferretti
PURPOSE: The growing popularity of elite soccer among female participants has led to increased incidents of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. Many authors underline a positive glide after ACL reconstruction (ACLR), especially in women. In fact, an isolated intra-articular ACLR may be inadequate to control rotational instability after a combined injury of the ACL and the peripheral structures of the knee. Extra-articular procedures are sometimes used in primary cases displaying excessive antero-lateral rotatory instability...
October 2016: International Orthopaedics
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