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Geriatric psychiatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329059/amyloid-burden-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Stephanie Perin, Karra D Harrington, Yen Ying Lim, Kathryn Ellis, David Ames, Robert H Pietrzak, Adrian Schembri, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Olivier Salvado, Simon M Laws, Ralph N Martins, Victor L Villemagne, Christopher C Rowe, Colin L Masters, Paul Maruff
BACKGROUND: Relationships between depression and Alzheimer's disease (AD) may become clearer if studied in preclinical AD where dementia is not present. METHOD: The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively, relationships between brain amyloid-β (Aβ), depressive symptoms and screen positive depression in cognitively normal (CN) older adults. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDS-15) in CN adults from the Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study without depression at baseline and classified as having abnormally high (Aβ+; n = 136) or low (Aβ-; n = 449) Aβ according to positron emission tomography at 18-month intervals over 72 months...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299953/general-self-efficacy-as-a-driving-factor-of-post-stroke-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Matthias Volz, Manuel C Voelkle, Katja Werheid
Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common psychiatric condition after stroke, affecting one third of survivors. Despite identification of meaningful predictors, knowledge about the interplay between these factors remains fragmentary. General self-efficacy (GSE) is closely linked to PSD, yet direction and magnitude of this relationship remains unclear. The authors assessed the relationship between GSE and depression during the first two years post-stroke while controlling for stable inter-individual differences using continuous time (CT) structural equation modelling (SEM)...
January 4, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279501/drug-induced-pressure-ulcers-in-a-middle-aged-patient-with-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Yuichi Hayashi, Hideaki Shibata, Takuya Kudo, Shohei Nishida, Rie Ishikawa, Chie Moriya, Akio Suzuki, Akio Kimura, Takashi Inuzuka
Drug-induced pressure ulcer (DIPU), which is a newly recognized adverse drug reaction, is associated with the administration of psychiatric drugs in geriatric patients with dementia. The notification of the causative drugs is crucial to the treatment of DIPU. We herein report the case of a 56-year-old woman with early-stage Parkinson's disease who developed DIPUs after starting olanzapine treatment for depressive symptoms. Our findings illustrate that if an akinetic patient with pressure ulcers is encountered, the patient's medication should be reviewed by a multidisciplinary team, to evaluate whether the development of the pressure ulcer is drug-related, regardless of the patient's age...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278287/balloon-pulmonary-angioplasty-is-effective-for-treating-peripheral-type-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-in-elderly-patients
#4
Yuki Yamagata, Satoshi Ikeda, Tomoo Nakata, Tsuyoshi Yonekura, Seiji Koga, Takahiro Muroya, Yuji Koide, Hiroaki Kawano, Koji Maemura
AIM: Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has recently been established as an effective therapy for peripheral-type chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). However, the safety and effectiveness of BPA in elderly patients with CTEPH have not been clarified. METHODS: A total of 19 patients with CTEPH who underwent BPA were recruited. The patients were assigned to groups by age, <70 years (non-elderly; n = 11) and ≥70 years (elderly; n = 8). Hemodynamic parameters, right ventricular function and plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were assessed before and after BPA, and complications arising after BPA were also evaluated...
December 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231914/determinants-of-late-life-depression-in-residents-of-long-term-care-facility
#5
Urszula Horwath, Katarzyna Szczerbińska
Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF). Late-life depression refers to depressive symptoms that arise in adults older than 65 years. According to literature review, older people tend to differ from middle-aged adults in presentation of depression. AIM: Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF)...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224729/different-cognitive-complaint-profiles-in-memory-clinic-and-depressive-patients
#6
Lisa Miebach, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Ingo Frommann, Rachel Buckley, Michael Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are considered early indicators of incipient Alzheimer's disease (AD) but are very common in geriatric patients, especially in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The clinical assessment of cognitive complaints is still poorly operationalized. Recent qualitative research suggests that certain phenomenologic complaint themes may have some specificity for prodromal AD. The aim of the study was to replicate and explore their occurrence in a clinical setting...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221501/lean-methodology-reduces-inappropriate-use-of-antipsychotics-for-agitation-at-a-psychiatric-hospital
#7
Joshana K Goga, Antonio Depaolo, Sunil Khushalani, J Ken Walters, Robert Roca, Marc Zisselman, Christopher Borleis
OBJECTIVE: To Evaluate the Effects of Applying Lean Methodology-Improving Quality Increasing Efficiency by Eliminating Waste and Reducing Costs-An Approach To Decrease the Prescribing Frequency of Antipsychotics for The Indication of Agitation. DESIGN: Historically Controlled Study. SETTING: Bheppard Pratt Health System is the Largest Private Provider of Psychiatric Care in Maryland With a Total Bed Capacity of 300. There Were 4 337 Patient Days From November 1 2012 to October 31 2013 on the Dementia Unit...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197308/dramatic-reduction-in-30-day-readmissions-through-high-risk-screening-and-two-phase-interdisciplinary-care
#8
Mabel Labrada, Michael J Mintzer, Chandana Karanam, Raquel Castellanos, Lorinda Cruz, Minh Hoang, Regina Wieger, Enrique Aguilar, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: Thirty-day readmissions are common, serious, and costly. Most important, often they are preventable. The purpose of this quality improvement study was to evaluate an interdisciplinary, two-phase intervention to reduce 30-day readmissions among high-risk medical patients. One or two high-risk patients were selected each weekday by a hospitalist using literature-based, locally tested criteria that included common medical illnesses, active psychiatric illness, and recent or recurrent hospital admissions...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190658/screening-tools-to-identify-patients-with-complex-health-needs-at-risk-of-high-use-of-health-care-services-a-scoping-review
#9
Valérie Marcoux, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Fatoumata Diadiou, Isabelle Dufour, Catherine Hudon
BACKGROUND: Many people with chronic conditions have complex health needs often due to multiple chronic conditions, psychiatric comorbidities, psychosocial issues, or a combination of these factors. They are at high risk of frequent use of healthcare services. To offer these patients interventions adapted to their needs, it is crucial to be able to identify them early. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find all existing screening tools that identify patients with complex health needs at risk of frequent use of healthcare services, and to highlight their principal characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188347/-from-boxing-to-geriatric-psychiatry-facets-from-the-work-of-east-german-social-psychiatrist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991
#10
REVIEW
K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170825/-psychosomatic-medicine-in-old-age
#11
Wolfgang Söllner, Christina Wunner, Elisabeth Wentzlaff, Corinne Reichhart, Barbara Stein
Approximately 25% of people over 65 years old suffer from psychiatric disorders but in cases of simultaneously occurring somatic diseases the prevalence is increased. Sickness, loss of important reference persons and life crises in older age often reactivate traumatic experiences from earlier life stages. It can be difficult to differentiate between psychological disorders and the psychological symptoms accompanying somatic illness. The biographic medical history and estimation of cognitive skills within a geriatric basis assessment should be standard in geriatric diagnostics...
November 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161971/lying-to-patients-with-dementia-attitudes-versus-behaviours-in-nurses
#12
Daniela Cantone, Francesco Attena, Sabrina Cerrone, Antonio Fabozzi, Riccardo Rossiello, Laura Spagnoli, Concetta Paola Pelullo
BACKGROUND: Using lies, in dementia care, reveals a common practice far beyond the diagnosis and prognosis, extending to the entire care process. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report results about the attitude and the behaviour of nurses towards the use of lies to patients with dementia. RESEARCH DESIGN: An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017 in 12 elderly residential facilities and in the geriatric, psychiatric and neurological wards of six specialised hospitals of Italy's Campania Region...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149462/a-multi-institutional-study-of-the-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-evidence-based-practice
#13
Daphne C Duncombe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice among nurses working in psychiatric, geriatric, hospital and community settings in The Bahamas. BACKGROUND: It is evident from previous studies that a number of factors exist which either obstruct or promote the utilization of research evidence in nursing practice. Identifying these factors is vital to the successful uptake of evidence-based practice in nursing...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139041/drug-safety-analysis-in-a-real-life-cohort-of-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-polypharmacy
#14
Saskia Müller-Rebstein, Claudia Trenkwalder, Jens Ebentheuer, Wolfgang H Oertel, Carsten Culmsee, Günter U Höglinger
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is common in geriatric Parkinson's disease (PD) patients in advanced disease stages with multiple comorbidities, bearing multiple risks for drug safety in theory. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to empirically identify the most frequent and relevant contraindications and drug interactions actually occurring and compromising drug safety in PD in real life. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in a multimorbid cohort of PD patients with polypharmacy admitted to a specialized hospital...
November 14, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097857/like-the-eye-of-the-tiger-inpatient-psychiatric-facility-exclusionary-criteria-and-its-knockout-of-the-emergency-psychiatric-patient
#15
Veronica Tucci, John Liu, Anu Matorin, Asim Shah, Nidal Moukaddam
Context: Over 6% of all emergency department (ED) visits in the United States involve primary mental health or behavioral issues. The patients are stabilized in the ED but frequently require admission to an inpatient psychiatric unit or institution for longer term treatment and management. To facilitate this process, an emergency physician (EP) must first "medically clear" the patient as stable for transfer. At present, there is no interdisciplinary consensus regarding the necessary elements of the medical clearance or stability assessment process...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094496/knowledge-gap-regarding-dementia-care-among-nurses-in-taiwanese-acute-care-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pei-Chao Lin, Mei-Hui Hsieh, Meng-Chin Chen, Yung-Mei Yang, Li-Chan Lin
AIM: The quality of dementia care in hospitals is typically substandard. Staff members are underprepared for providing care to older people with dementia. The objective of the present study was to examine dementia care knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding self-education about dementia care among nurses working in different wards. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The present study was carried out from July 2013 to December 2013. In total, 387 nurses working in different wards were recruited from two hospitals in Taiwan by using convenience sampling...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090187/multimorbidity-constellations-of-conditions-across-subgroups-of-midlife-and-older-individuals-and-related-medicare-expenditures
#17
Siran M Koroukian, Nicholas K Schiltz, David F Warner, Jiayang Sun, Kurt C Stange, Charles W Given, Avi Dor
INTRODUCTION: The Department of Health and Human Services' 2010 Strategic Framework on Multiple Chronic Conditions called for the identification of common constellations of conditions in older adults. OBJECTIVES: To analyze patterns of conditions constituting multimorbidity (CCMM) and expenditures in a US representative sample of midlife and older adults (50-64 and ≥65 years of age, respectively). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the 2010 Health and Retirement Study (HRS; n=17,912)...
2017: Journal of comorbidity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#18
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032844/-family-adherence-in-serious-mental-disorder
#19
Ernesto Martín Padilla, Diana Obando Posada, Pedro Sarmiento Medina
OBJECTIVE: Identify attitudes and behaviors that evidence and characterize family adherence to treatment in patients with severe mental disorder. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive, from an interpretative social approach. LOCATION: Chia, Colombia, with professionals in the psychiatric and geriatric settings. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve professionals in psychiatry, nursing and psychology, with experience in care of patients with serious mental disorder and their families...
October 9, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987309/risperidone-in-the-emergency-setting-is-associated-with-more-hypotension-in-elderly-patients
#20
Michael P Wilson, Kimberly Nordstrom, Austin Hopper, Austin Porter, Edward M Castillo, Gary M Vilke
BACKGROUND: Expert consensus panels have recommended risperidone as first-line treatment for agitation of psychiatric origin. However, there are few if any studies on this medication in the emergency setting. OBJECTIVES: To assess the hemodynamic effects of risperidone in an emergency department (ED) setting, stratified by age. METHODS: This is a structured chart review of all patients who received oral risperidone over a 6-year period in an ED setting, excluding patients who received this medication as a prescription refill...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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