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Geriatric psychiatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901275/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-the-treatment-of-headache-in-older-adults-a-retrospective-study
#1
Jacob R Hascalovici, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide demographical and clinical descriptions of patients age 65 years old and older who were treated with peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) at our institution and evaluate the safety and efficacy of this treatment. BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are common, disabling chronic neurological diseases that often persist with advancing age. Geriatric headache management poses unique therapeutic challenges because of considerations of comorbidity, drug interactions, and adverse effects...
November 30, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814838/benzodiazepine-use-in-older-adults-dangers-management-and-alternative-therapies
#2
REVIEW
Matej Markota, Teresa A Rummans, John Michael Bostwick, Maria I Lapid
Several major medical and psychiatric organizations, including the American Geriatrics Society, advise against using benzodiazepines or nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics in older adults. Despite these recommendations, benzodiazepines continue to be massively prescribed to a group with the highest risk of serious adverse effects from these medications. This article summarizes legitimate reasons for prescribing benzodiazepines in the elderly, serious associated risks of prescribing them, particularly when not indicated, barriers physicians encounter in changing their prescription patterns, and evidence-based strategies on how to discontinue benzodiazepines in older patients...
November 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807447/endoscopic-management-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Mikhael Bekkerman, Amit H Sachdev, Javier Andrade, Yitzhak Twersky, Shahzad Iqbal
Foreign body ingestion is a common diagnosis that presents in emergency departments throughout the world. Distinct foreign bodies predispose to particular locations of impaction in the gastrointestinal tract, commonly meat boluses in the esophagus above a preexisting esophageal stricture or ring in adults and coins in children. Several other groups are at high risk of foreign body impaction, mentally handicapped individuals or those with psychiatric illness, abusers of drugs or alcohol, and the geriatric population...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792402/is-18-f-fdg-pet-suitable-to-predict-clinical-response-to-the-treatment-of-geriatric-depression-a-systematic-review-of-pet-studies
#4
Franco De Crescenzo, Mario Ciliberto, Deny Menghini, Giorgio Treglia, Klaus P Ebmeier, Luigi Janiri
BACKGROUND: Geriatric depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in later life. It differs from earlier depression in its presentation, etiology, risk factors, protective factors and outcome. Positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to detect changes in neural circuitry in neuropsychiatric disorders, and several authors have assessed its role in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with geriatric depression. We reviewed the current evidence on the use of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET) in geriatric depressed patients to find predictors of treatment response...
October 28, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749211/depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-institutionalized-elderly
#5
Javier Jerez-Roig, Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Bartolomeu Fagundes de Lima Filho, Maria Amanda de Farias Bezerra, Monayane Grazielly Leite Matias, Lidiane Macedo Ferreira, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Dos Santos Amaral, Dyego Leandro Bezerra Souza, Kenio Costa Lima
: Background/Study Context: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the elderly that leads to a decrease in quality of life and functional impairment, among other health problems. The study of depressive symptoms in institutionalized elderly is scarce in Latin America and can contribute to plan prevention and treatment actions in order to improve health conditions for the residents as well as quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and identify its associated factors in institutionalized elderly...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746070/use-of-tablet-devices-in-the-management-of-agitation-among-inpatients-with-dementia-an-open-label-study
#6
Ipsit V Vahia, Rujvi Kamat, Cheng Vang, Carolina Posada, Lisa Ross, Sarah Oreck, Alok Bhatt, Colin Depp, Dilip V Jeste, Daniel D Sewell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, safety, and utility of tablet devices as novel nonpharmacologic tools in managing older psychiatric inpatients with agitation and dementia. METHODS: Thirty-six patients at a geriatric psychiatry inpatient unit were provided with tablets when agitated and used various apps on the tablet related to communication, games, music, web browser, and photography during their stay. Study staff documented the frequency, duration, and app usage history and rated the extent to which agitation improved after tablet use...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743677/-prescription-of-antipsychotics-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-impact-of-recommendations-of-the-french-health-authority
#7
X Jégouzo, M Desbordes, S Delègue, G Le Vacon, M Patrick, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral and psychological symptoms have a high prevalence in dementia. They include mood disorders, psychotic disorders and behavioral disorders such as aggression or screaming. Despite a number of side effects and an increased mortality, antipsychotic drugs are widely prescribed for treatment of this disorder. In France, this increased risk of mortality led in 2009 to the adoption of guidelines concerning all antipsychotics. The guidelines propose a sensible use of antipsychotics after the establishment of non-pharmacological measures...
October 12, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729818/workplace-violence-in-different-settings-and-among-various-health-professionals-in-an-italian-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716098/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-among-caregivers-of-care-recipients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-cognitive-impairment
#9
Xiaoniu Liang, Qihao Guo, Jianfeng Luo, Fang Li, Ding Ding, Qianhua Zhao, Zhen Hong
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of care-recipients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia experience high caregiver burden; however, the psychiatric burden of caregivers of care-recipients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has not been investigated. We aimed to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for anxiety and depression symptoms among the caregivers of care-recipients with SCD and cognitive impairment. METHODS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to examine the anxiety and depression symptoms among the caregivers of 343 care-recipients (84 with SCD, 120 with MCI and 139 with dementia) treated at the Memory Clinic of Huashan Hospital in Shanghai, China from May 2012 to October 2014...
October 3, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714914/a-pilot-study-of-potential-brain-donor-satisfaction-and-attitudes-towards-telephone-assessment
#10
Helen Costello, Gillian M Hayes, Elizabeth Highton-Williamson, Shirley Nurock, Dave Hanbury, Paul T Francis
OBJECTIVE: Test the feasibility of assessing cognition, psychiatric symptoms and daily living skills of potential brain donors by telephone and compare satisfaction and attitudes across telephone and face-to-face assessment. METHOD: Data were collected from 108 healthy participants from the Brains for Dementia Research cohort. Purposive sampling was used to assess feasibility and a randomised control trial design compared satisfaction and attitudes towards telephone and face-to-face assessment...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685872/clinical-pharmacology-in-denmark-in-2016-40-years-with-the-danish-society-of-clinical-pharmacology-and-20-years-as-a-medical-speciality
#11
REVIEW
Kim Brøsen, Stig Ejdrup Andersen, Jeanett Borregaard, Hanne Rolighed Christensen, Palle Mark Christensen, Kim Peder Dalhoff, Per Damkier, Jesper Hallas, Jens Heisterberg, Niels Jessen, Gesche Jürgens, Jens Peter Konnerup Kampmann, Britt Elmedal Laursen, Torben Laursen, Lars Peter Nielsen, Birgitte Klindt Poulsen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Ljubica Vukelic Andersen, Thomas Senderovitz, Jesper Sonne
The Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology was founded in 1976, and mainly thanks to the persistent efforts of the society, clinical pharmacology became an independent medical speciality in Denmark in 1996. Since then, clinical pharmacology has gone from strength to strength. In the Danish healthcare system, clinical pharmacology has established itself as an indispensible part of the efforts to promote the rational, safe and economic use of drugs. Clinical pharmacologists are active in drug committees both in hospitals and in the primary sector...
December 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682463/towards-a-definition-of-self-neglect-in-psychiatric-patients-descriptions-of-a-case-series
#12
Joanna Lamkin, Phuong T Nguyen, John H Coverdale, Mollie R Gordon
Self-neglect, although frequently studied in geriatric populations, has received only limited attention in psychiatric populations. To address this gap, we utilize a behavioral framework to present a set of case examples in order to illustrate the complex relationship between self-neglect behaviors and conditions and various psychiatric illness. Cases are discussed with respect to ascending severity of presentations of self-neglect in adult non-geriatric inpatient psychiatric populations. Self-neglect is conceptualized as a range of behaviors, as well as an overall condition that affects an individual's functioning in several major domains...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682420/understanding-implementation-of-comprehensive-geriatric-care-programs-a-multiple-perspective-approach-is-preferred
#13
Annemarie de Vos, Jane-Murray Cramm, Jeroen D H van Wijngaarden, Ton J E M Bakker, Johan P Mackenbach, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: The Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP) provides a novel approach targeting hospital-related functional decline among elderly patients. Despite the high expectations, the PReCaP was not effective in preventing functional decline (ADL and iADL) among older patients. Although elderly PReCaP patients demonstrated slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2-0.6]), lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673736/systemwide-initiative-documents-robust-health-screening-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Marisa Brown, Diane Jacobstein, Irene Seyoung Yoon, Bruno Anthony, Kim Bullock
It is well documented that adults with intellectual disability (ID) experience higher rates of a series of health conditions compared to their peers without disability. These health conditions include cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, and psychiatric and behavioral disorders. With life expectancy approximating the general population, adults with ID are also now experiencing health conditions related to aging, further increasing their risk for diminished function and well-being...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594155/retrospective-analysis-of-liaison-psychiatric-service-in-elderly-inpatients-in-a-general-hospital
#15
Xia Hong, Jing Wei, Xiao-Hui Zhao, Ping Zeng, Li-Li Shi, Jin-Ya Cao, Xiao-Hong Liu
Objective To analyze liaison psychiatric service in a geriatric ward in a big general hospital and explore the way to improve accessibility of geriatric psychiatric service in general hospitals. Methods Elderly inpatients aged 65 years old or more admitted to a geriatrics ward in Peking Union Medical College Hospital in 7 years duration (January 2008 to December 2014) were enrolled in the study. Liaison psychiatrists attended ground round combined with psychiatric consultation from January 2008 to December 2009 (T1 period)...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591914/clinicians-views-on-treatment-resistant-depression-2016-survey-reports
#16
EDITORIAL
Katarina Arandjelovic, Harris A Eyre, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: There is a relative paucity of information on both empirical and subjective treatment strategies for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), especially in late life. This paper reviews the findings from two 2016 surveys conducted through the American Psychiatric Association publication the Psychiatric Times and via a member survey by the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP). METHODS: We present the results of the two surveys in terms of descriptive frequencies and percentages and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of various approaches to late-life TRD...
October 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585706/sensor-based-assessment-of-mobility-related-behavior-in-dementia-feasibility-and-relevance-in-a-hospital-context
#17
Tim Fleiner, Peter Haussermann, Sabato Mellone, Wiebren Zijlstra
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patients' motor behavior is a key challenge in dementia care. Common geriatric assessment questionnaires or actigraphy measurements often lack methodological quality and are unsuitable to individually tailor interventions. Hence, there is a need for developing objective tools to assess patterns of motor behavior. Therefore, the feasibility of a sensor-based assessment of mobility-related behavior in patients with dementia is investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation on three dementia care wards in a psychiatric hospital was conducted...
October 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579333/the-association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-depression-in-older-adults
#18
Mohammad Farajzadeh, Meimanat Hosseini, Jamileh Mohtashami, Samira Chaibakhsh, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most frequent psychiatric disorder among the elderly. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic and prevalent disease that has an ambiguous role in triggering depression. Several researches with contradictory findings have been performed about the association between OSA and depression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between OSA and depression among elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 350 home residing elderly took part in this case-control study...
June 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529611/hallucinations-experienced-by-visually-impaired-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#19
Linda Pang
: Charles Bonnet Syndrome is a condition where visual hallucinations occur as a result of damage along the visual pathway. Patients with Charles Bonnet Syndrome maintain partial or full insight that the hallucinations are not real, absence of psychological conditions, and absence of hallucinations affecting other sensory modalities, while maintaining intact intellectual functioning. Charles Bonnet Syndrome has been well documented in neurologic, geriatric medicine, and psychiatric literature, but there is lack of information in optometric and ophthalmologic literature...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521975/elderly-koreans-who-consider-suicide-role-of-healthcare-use-and-financial-status
#20
Sang-Mi Park, Sang-Sik Moon
This study investigated associations between the use of healthcare services and financial status and suicidal ideation (SI) in the past year among elderly people. Additionally, this study explored gender differences in such associations. Cross-sectional data of 1743 elderly people aged 65 years and above, who participated in the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, were analyzed. The results showed that lack of preventive care and failure to obtain necessary healthcare services during the last 12 months had a significant effect on SI, especially among elderly women...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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