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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102314/improved-solar-driven-photocatalytic-performance-of-highly-crystalline-hydrogenated-tio2-nanofibers-with-core-shell-structure
#1
Ming-Chung Wu, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Wei-Kang Huang, Kai-Chi Hsiao, Ting-Han Lin, Shun-Hsiang Chan, Po-Yeh Wu, Chun-Fu Lu, Yin-Hsuan Chang, Tz-Feng Lin, Kai-Hsiang Hsu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Kun-Mu Lee, Jing-Jong Shyue, Krisztián Kordás, Wei-Fang Su
Hydrogenated titanium dioxide has attracted intensive research interests in pollutant removal applications due to its high photocatalytic activity. Herein, we demonstrate hydrogenated TiO2 nanofibers (H:TiO2 NFs) with a core-shell structure prepared by the hydrothermal synthesis and subsequent heat treatment in hydrogen flow. H:TiO2 NFs has excellent solar light absorption and photogenerated charge formation behavior as confirmed by optical absorbance, photo-Kelvin force probe microscopy and photoinduced charge carrier dynamics analyses...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100051/basement-membrane-mimics-of-biofunctionalized-nanofibers-for-a-bipolar-cultured-human-primary-alveolar-capillary-barrier-model
#2
Akihiro Nishiguchi, Smriti Singh, Matthias Wessling, Charles James Kirkpatrick, Martin Moeller
In vitro reconstruction of an alveolar barrier for modeling normal lung functions and pathological events serve as reproducible, high-throughput pharmaceutical platforms for drug discovery, diagnosis, and regenerative medicine. Despite much effort, the reconstruction of organ-level alveolar barrier functions has failed due to the lack of structural similarity to the natural basement membrane, functionalization with specific ligands for alveolar cell function, the use of primary cells and biodegradability. Here we report a bipolar cultured alveolar-capillary barrier model of human primary cells supported by a basement membrane mimics of fully-synthetic bifunctional nanofibers...
January 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098435/supramolecular-helical-nanofibers-formed-by-achiral-monomers-and-their-reversible-sol-gel-transition
#3
Da-Hui Qu, Wen-Zhi Wang, Chuan Gao, Qi Zhang, Xu-Hao Ye
A well-defined supramolecular helical nanofibers has been constructed by a rationally designed achiral monomer in aqueous solution based on the 1:2 host-guest combination between cucurbit[8]uril and a 4,4'-bipyridin-1-ium chloride (BPY+) salt derivative. The formed nanostructures could be adjusted by varying the concentration of monomer from helical nanofibers to pH-responsive hydrogel.
January 18, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098293/polyaniline-nanofibers-broadening-applications-for-conducting-polymers
#4
REVIEW
Christina O Baker, Xinwei Huang, Wyatt Nelson, Richard B Kaner
Polyaniline is a conducting polymer with incredible promise, but it has had limited use due to poor reaction control and processability associated with conventional morphologies. Polyaniline nanofibers, on the other hand, have demonstrated, through manufacturing techniques discovered during the past decade, increased processability, higher surface area, and improved consistency and stability in aqueous dispersions, which are finally allowing for expanded commercial development of this promising polymer. This review explores some intriguing applications of polyaniline nanofibers, as well as the advantages and remaining challenges in developing better products using polyaniline in this new morphology...
January 18, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097017/study-of-myoblast-differentiation-using-multi-dimensional-scaffolds-consisting-of-nano-and-micropatterns
#5
Sung Ho Cha, Hyun Jong Lee, Won-Gun Koh
BACKGROUND: The topographical cue is major influence on skeletal muscle cell culture because the structure is highly organized and consists of long parallel bundles of multinucleated myotubes that are formed by differentiation and fusion of myoblast satellite cells. In this technical report, we fabricated a multiscale scaffold using electrospinning and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel micropatterns to monitor the cell behaviors on nano- and micro-alignment combined scaffolds with different combinations of angles...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094471/cleanable-air-filter-transferring-moisture-and-effectively-capturing-pm2-5
#6
Xinglei Zhao, Yuyao Li, Ting Hua, Pan Jiang, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The lethal danger of particulate matter (PM) pollution on health leads to the development of challenging individual protection materials that should ideally exhibit a high PM2.5 purification efficiency, low air resistance, an important moisture-vapor transmission rate (MVTR), and an easy-to-clean property. Herein, a cleanable air filter able to rapidly transfer moisture and efficiently capture PM2.5 is designed by electrospinning superhydrophilic polyacrylonitrile/silicon-dioxide fibers as the adsorption-desorption vector for moisture-vapor, and hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride fibers as the repellent components to avoid the formation of capillary water under high humidity...
January 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093942/self-assembling-peptide-nanostructures-on-aligned-poly-lactide-co-glycolide-nanofibers-for-the-functional-regeneration-of-sciatic-nerve
#7
Manasa Nune, Anuradha Subramanian, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, Suraj Sasidhara Kaimal, Swaminathan Sethuraman
AIM: Regeneration of functional peripheral nerve tissue at critical-sized defect requires extracellular matrix analogs impregnated with appropriate biosignals to regulate the cell fate process and subsequent tissue progression. The aim of the study was to develop electrospun aligned nanofibers as architectural analogs integrated with RADA16-I-BMHP1 as biofunctional peptides. MATERIALS & METHODS: Aligned poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-RADA16-I-BMHP1 nanofibers were fabricated and characterized for their in vitro potential using rat Schwann cell line and in vivo potential using a 10 mm sciatic nerve transection rat model...
January 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093364/fabrication-of-nanofibrous-electrospun-scaffolds-from-a-heterogeneous-library-of-co-and-self-assembling-peptides
#8
Mahboubeh Maleki, Antonino Natalello, Raffaele Pugliese, Fabrizio Gelain
: Self-assembling (SAPs) and co-assembling peptides (CAPs) are driving increasing enthusiasm as synthetic but biologically inspired biomaterials amenable of easy functionalization for regenerative medicine. On the other hand, electrospinning (ES) is a versatile technique useful for tailoring the nanostructures of various biomaterials into scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrices found in organs and tissues. The synergistic merging of these two approaches is a long-awaited advance in nanomedicine that has not been deeply documented so far...
January 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091783/lifetime-based-oxygen-sensing-properties-of-palladium-ii-and-platinum-ii-meso-tetrakis-4-phenylethynyl-phenylporphyrin
#9
Emel Önal, Stephan Saß, Jeanne Hurpin, Kadriye Ertekin, Sevinc Zehra Topal, Michael U Kumke, Catherine Hirel
High oxygen permeable [poly(TMSP)] nanofibers incorporating porphyrin macrocycle as luminescence indicators were prepared by electrospinning technique. The porphyrins involves were modified by i) introducing phenylacetylide substituents on the para position of the phenyl moieties and ii) varying the metal centers [Pt(II) or Pd(II)] of the meso-tetrakisphenylporphyrins. A set of nanofibers; (Pt-TPP)NF, (Pd-TPP)NF, (Pt-TPA)NF and (Pd-TPA)NF were obtained to study their structure-activity relationship toward oxygen...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088117/adsorption-of-phosphate-from-aqueous-solution-using-iron-zirconium-modified-activated-carbon-nanofiber-performance-and-mechanism
#10
Weiping Xiong, Jing Tong, Zhaohui Yang, Guangming Zeng, Yaoyu Zhou, Dongbo Wang, Peipei Song, Rui Xu, Chen Zhang, Min Cheng
Phosphate (P) removal is significant for the prevention of eutrophication in natural waters. In this paper, a novel adsorbent for the removal of P from aqueous solution was synthesized by loading zirconium oxide and iron oxide onto activated carbon nanofiber (ACF-ZrFe) simultaneously. The adsorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results showed that P adsorption was highly pH dependent and the optimum pH was found to be 4...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087448/fabrication-and-characterization-of-electrospun-cellulose-nano-hydroxyapatite-nanofibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#11
Chenghong Ao, Yan Niu, Ximu Zhang, Xu He, Wei Zhang, Canhui Lu
Nanofibrous scaffolds from cotton cellulose and nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) were electrospun for bone tissue engineering. The solution properties of cellulose/nano-HA spinning dopes and their associated electrospinnability were characterized. Morphological, thermal and mechanical properties of the electrospun cellulose/nano-HA nanocomposite nanofibers (ECHNN) were measured and the biocompatibility of ECHNN with human dental follicle cells (HDFCs) was evaluated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images indicated that the average diameter of ECHNN increased with a higher nano-HA loading and the fiber diameter distributions were well within the range of natural ECM (extra cellular matrix) fibers (50-500nm)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079980/induction-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-differentiation-in-the-absence-of-soluble-inducer-for-cutaneous-wound-regeneration-by-a-chitin-nanofibers-based-hydrogel
#12
Kangquan Shou, Yao Huang, Baiwen Qi, Xiang Hu, Zhanjun Ma, Ang Lu, Chao Jian, Lina Zhang, Aixi Yu
Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has been considered as a promising strategy for wound healing. However, poor viability of engrafted BMSCs and limited capabilities of differentiation into the desired cell types in wounds often hinder their application. Few studies report the induction of BMSCs differentiation into the skin regeneration related cell types using natural biopolymer, e.g., chitin and its derivative. Here we utilized a chitin nanofibers(CNFs) hydrogel as a directive cue to induce BMSCs differentiation for enhancing cutaneous wound regeneration in the absence of cell-differentiating factors...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078887/electrospun-regenerated-cellulose-nanofiber-membranes-surface-grafted-with-water-insoluble-poly-hema-or-water-soluble-poly-aas-chains-via-the-atrp-method-for-ultrafiltration-of-water
#13
Zhao Wang, Caitlin Crandall, Vicki L Prautzsch, Rajesh Sahadevan, Todd J Menkhaus, Hao Fong
Electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) have demonstrated promising applications for water purification primarily due to high water flux and low degree of fouling. However, the equivalent/apparent pore sizes of as-electrospun ENMs are in microns/submicrons; therefore, the ENMs can only be directly utilized for microfiltration applications. To make regenerated cellulose (RC) ENMs for ultrafiltration applications, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was studied to graft polymer chains onto the surface of RC nanofibers; specifically, monomers of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and sodium acrylate (AAS) were selected for surface-grafting water-insoluble and water-soluble polymer chains onto RC nanofibers, respectively...
January 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077051/facile-preparation-of-antibacterial-highly-elastic-silvered-polyurethane-nanofiber-fabrics-using-silver-carbamate-and-their-dermal-wound-healing-properties
#14
Suk-Min Hong, Jong-Wan Kim, Jonathan C Knowles, Myoung-Seon Gong
In this study, polycarbonate diol/isosorbide-based antibacterial polyurethane nanofiber fabrics containing Ag nanoparticles were prepared by electrospinning process. Bio-based highly elastic polyurethane was prepared from hexamethylene diisocyanate and isosorbide/polycarbonate diol (8/2) by a simple one-shot bulk polymerization. Ag nanoparticles were formed using simple thermal reduction of silver 2-ethylhexylcarbamate at 120℃. The structural and morphological properties of polyurethane/Ag nanofibers were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076994/adapted-dexamethasone-delivery-polyethylene-oxide-and-poly-%C3%A9-caprolactone-construct-promote-mesenchymal-stem-cells-chondrogenesis
#15
Armaghan Ghiaee, Faeze Pournaqi, Saeid Vakilian, Abdolah Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Issues associated with tissue transplantation and shortage of donors has always been a concern, whereas tissue engineering has provided the hopeful opportunities. The aim of this study was to investigate the chondrogenic differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the presence of embedded Dexamethasone into electrospun Poly(ethyleneoxide) nanofibers composited with Poly(ɛ-caprolactone) nanofibers. Electrospun-fabricated scaffolds were characterized by SEM, tensile, contact angle, release profile, MTT assay, and chonderogenic differentiation of stem cells...
January 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075559/one-component-supramolecular-filament-hydrogels-as-theranostic-label-free-magnetic-resonance-imaging-agents
#16
Lye Lin Lock, Yuguo Li, Xinpei Mao, Hanwei Chen, Verena Staedtke, Renyuan Bai, Wang Ma, Ran Lin, Yi Li, Guanshu Liu, Honggang Cui
Gadolinium (Gd)-based compounds and materials are the most commonly used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents in the clinic; however, safety concerns associated with their toxicities in the free ionic form have promoted the development of new generations of metal-free contrast agents. Here we report a supramolecular strategy to convert an FDA-approved anticancer drug, Pemetrexed (Pem), to a molecular hydrogelator with inherent chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI signals. The rationally designed drug-peptide conjugate can spontaneously associate into filamentous assemblies under physiological conditions and consequently form theranostic supramolecular hydrogels for injectable delivery...
January 11, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075557/facile-synthesis-of-magnetic-covalent-organic-framework-with-three-dimensional-bouquet-like-structure-for-enhanced-extraction-of-organic-targets
#17
Sijing He, Tao Zeng, Saihua Wang, Hongyun Niu, Yaqi Cai
A facile strategy for the fabrication of novel bouquet-shaped magnetic porous nanocomposite via grafting a covalent organic framework (COF, TpPa-1) onto the surface-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) was reported. The magnetic TpPa-1 (a COF synthesized from 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (Tp) and p-phenylenediamine (Pa-1)) contains clusters of core-shell magnetic nanoparticles and interconnected porous TpPa-1 nanofibers. Thus, it possesses larger specific surface area, higher porosity, and supermagnetism, making it an ideal sorbent for enrichment of trace analytes...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074904/gd-iii-induced-supramolecular-hydrogelation-with-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-performance-for-enzyme-detection
#18
Yongquan Hua, Guojuan Pu, Caiwen Ou, Xiaoli Zhang, Ling Wang, Jiangtao Sun, Zhimou Yang, Minsheng Chen
Here we report a supramolecular hydrogel based on Gd(III)-peptide complexes with dramatically enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) performance. The hydrogelations were formed by adding Gd(III) ion to the nanofiber dispersion of self-assembling peptides naphthalene-Gly-Phe-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp (Nap-GFFYGRGD) or naphthalene-Gly-Phe-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Arg-Gly-Glu (Nap-GFFYGRGE). We further showed that, by adjusting the molar ratio between Gd(III) and the corresponding peptide, the mechanical property of resulting gels could be fine-tuned...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074880/tailoring-mechanically-robust-poly-m-phenylene-isophthalamide-nanofiber-nets-for-ultrathin-high-efficiency-air-filter
#19
Shichao Zhang, Hui Liu, Xia Yin, Zhaoling Li, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
Effective promotion of air filtration applications proposed for fibers requires their real nanoscale diameter, optimized pore structure, and high service strength; however, creating such filter medium has proved to be a tremendous challenge. This study first establishes a strategy to design and fabricate novel poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) nanofiber/nets (PMIA NF/N) air filter via electrospinning/netting. Our strategy results in generation of a bimodal structure including a scaffold of nanofibers and abundant two-dimensional ultrathin (~20 nm) nanonets to synchronously construct PMIA filters by combining solution optimization, humidity regulation, and additive inspiration...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074644/virus-inspired-self-assembly-nanofibers-with-aggregation-induced-emission-for-highly-efficient-and-visible-gene-delivery
#20
Chunqiu Zhang, Tingbin Zhang, Shubin Jin, Xiangdong Xue, Xiaolong Yang, Ningqiang Gong, Jinchao Zhang, Paul C Wang, Jian-Hua Tian, Jinfeng Xing, Xing-Jie Liang
High-efficiency gene transfer and suitably low cytotoxicity are the main goals of gene transfection systems based on nonviral vectors. In addition, it is desirable to track the gene transfer process in order to observe and explain the mechanism. Herein, inspired by viral structures which are optimized for gene delivery, we designed a small-molecule gene vector (TR4) with aggregation-induced emission properties by capping a peptide containing four arginine residues with tetraphenylethene (TPE) and a lipophilic tail...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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