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Upendra A Rathnayake, Tharindu Senapathi, Chanaka Sandaruwan, Sanja Gunawardene, Veranja Karunaratne, Nilwala Kottegoda
This study explores the potential application of rice bran (agro waste) to nano-encapsulate phytase, which is a thermally unstable biologically active enzyme. Rice bran was converted to nanofibers (20-50 nm in diameter) using electrospinning. After optimizing the pH, viscosity, voltage and the distance between electrodes for electrospinning, phytase enzyme was encapsulated and the fibers were cross-linked using sodium tripolyphosphate. Thermal stability of phytase enzyme was improved by 90 °C when they are encapsulated and cross-linked with sodium tripolyphosphate...
March 14, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Wen Shuo Chen, Ling Yu Guo, Chia Chun Tang, Cheng Kang Tsai, Hui Hua Huang, Ting Yu Chin, Mong-Lin Yang, Yui Whei Chen-Yang
In this study, we first synthesized a slow-degrading silica nanofiber (SNF2) through an electrospun solution with an optimized tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) ratio. Then, laminin-modified SNF2, namely SNF2-AP-S-L, was obtained through a series of chemical reactions to attach the extracellular matrix protein, laminin, to its surface. The SNF2-AP-S-L substrate was characterized by a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, and contact angle measurements...
March 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Nicole L Ing, Ryan K Spencer, Son H Luong, Hung D Nguyen, Allon I Hochbaum
Examples of long-range electronic conductivity are rare in biological systems. The observation of micrometer-scale electronic transport through protein wires produced by bacteria is therefore notable, providing an opportunity to study fundamental aspects of conduction through protein-based materials and natural inspiration for bioelectronics materials. Borrowing sequence and structural motifs from these conductive protein fibers, we designed self-assembling peptides that form electronically conductive nanofibers under aqueous conditions...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Chaoyu Liu, Chong Wang, Qilong Zhao, Xiaohua Li, Feiyue Xu, Xumei Yao, Min Wang
Electrospun fibrous scaffolds have been extensively used as cell-supporting matrices or delivery vehicles for various biomolecules in tissue engineering. Biodegradable scaffolds with tunable degradation behaviors are favorable for various resorbable tissue replacements. In nerve tissue engineering, delivery of growth factors (GFs) such as nerve growth factor (NGF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) from scaffolds can be used to promote peripheral nerve repair. In this study, using the established dual-source dual-power (DS-DP) electrospinning technique, bicomponent scaffolds incorporated with NGF and GDNF were designed and demonstrated as a strategy to develop scaffolds providing dual GF delivery...
March 14, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Ripon Sarkar, Aritri Ghosh, Ananya Barui, Pallab Datta
Topical application of honey for tissue regeneration, has recently regained attention in clinical practice with controlled studies affirming its efficacy and indicating its role in regeneration over repair. Parallely, to overcome difficulties of applying raw honey, several product development studies like nanofibrous matrices have been reported. However, one approach concentrated on achieving highest possible honey loading in the nanofiber membranes while other studies have found that only specific honey dilutions result in differential cellular responses on wound healing and re-epithelization...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Mohammad Hossein Mirmusavi, Saeed Karbasi, Dariush Semnani, Anousheh Zargar Kharazi
Background: Long-term healing tissue engineering scaffolds must hold its full mechanical strength at least for 12 weeks. Nano-micro scaffolds consist of electrospinning nanofibers and textile microfibers to support cell behavior and mechanical strength, respectively. Methods: The new nano-micro hybrid scaffold was fabricated by electrospinning poly 3-hydroxybutyrate-chitosan-multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT functionalized by COOH) solution on knitted silk in a random manner with different amounts of MWNT...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Heikki J Nieminen, Ivo Laidmäe, Ari Salmi, Timo Rauhala, Tor Paulin, Jyrki Heinämäki, Edward Hæggström
Electrospinning is commonly used to produce polymeric nanofibers. Potential applications for such fibers include novel drug delivery systems, tissue engineering scaffolds, and filters. Electrospinning, however, has shortcomings such as needle clogging and limited ability to control the fiber-properties in a non-chemical manner. This study reports on an orifice-less technique that employs high-intensity focused ultrasound, i.e. ultrasound-enhanced electrospinning. Ultrasound bursts were used to generate a liquid protrusion with a Taylor cone from the surface of a polymer solution of polyethylene oxide...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tugce Onur, Esra Yuca, Tolga Tarkan Olmez, Urartu Ozgur Safak Seker
HYPOTHESIS: Amyloid-forming biofilm proteins of Escherichia coli, namely CsgA and CsgB, can form self-assembled nanofibers on solid surfaces. These proteins can be programmed to form bio-nanomaterials for functional applications. EXPERIMENTS: In this study, the assembly of the CsgA and CsgB protein on solid surfaces was investigated in real time using a quartz crystal microbalance instrument with dissipation monitoring. The assembly kinetics of the CsgA and CsgB proteins in various settings on solid surfaces were investigated...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Parmiss Mojir Shaibani, Hashem Rajab Etayash, Keren Jiang, Amirreza Sohrabi, Mahtab Hassanpourfard, Selvaraj Naicker, Mohtada Sadrzadeh, Thomas Thundat
The growing need to prevent pathogen outbreaks is irrefutable in the case of the food industry. Early detection in products, especially beverages, contaminated with bacterial strains is vital to avoid infected foods from reaching the consumer. If E. coli is pesent in such foods, it can cause infections. It can also be an indicator of the existence of other harmful coliforms. In this study, we have investigated the detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in orange juice using a portable nanofiber-light addressable potentiometric sensor (NF-LAPS)...
March 13, 2018: ACS Sensors
Zafar Said, Anis Allagui, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Hussain Alawadhi, Khaled Elsaid
Carbon-based nanofluids are viewed as promising thermal fluids for heat transfer applications. However, other properties, such as electrical conductivity and electrochemical behavior, are usually overlooked and rarely investigated despite their importance for the overall performance characterization of a given application. In this study, we synthesized PAN-based carbon nanofibers (CNF) by electrospinning, and characterized them using electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Nicole Jedrusik, Christoph Meyen, Günter Finkenzeller, G Björn Stark, Stephan Meskath, Simon Daniel Schulz, Thorsten Steinberg, Philipp Eberwein, Sandra Strassburg, Pascal Tomakidi
Regarding tissue regeneration, mechanics of biomaterials gains progressive importance. Therefore, this study reports on in situ crosslinked electrospun gelatin nonwoven mats (NWMs) whose distinct modulus of elasticity (ME) promotes epithelial tissue formation in a graded manner. NWMs, comprising fiber diameters in various distributions, yield an ME of about 2.1, 3.2, and 10.9 kPa. A two-step approach of preclinical in vitro validation identifies the elasticity of 3.2 kPa as superior to the other, regarding the histogenetic epithelial outcome...
March 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Aliyeh Yousefi Abdolmaleki, Hamid Zilouei, Saied Nouri Khorasani, Kiomars Zargoosh
In this work, the preparation and characterization of glutaraldehyde-crosslinked electrospun nanofibers of chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (GCCPN) as a new adsorbent for tetracycline (TC) is reported. Electrospun nanofibers of chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) were prepared by employing a 75:25 volumetric ratio of chitosan:PVA, voltage of 30 kV, collection distance of 10 cm, and injection flow rate of 2 mL/h. Then, the nanofibers were crosslinked via applying the glutaraldehyde on them for 3 h at 40 °C. The nanofibers were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Qi Li, Jiangna Guo, Dan Xu, Jianqiang Guo, Xu Ou, Yin Hu, Haojun Qi, Feng Yan
Carbon nanofibers (CNF) with a 1D porous structure offer promising support to encapsulate transition-metal oxides in energy storage/conversion relying on their high specific surface area and pore volume. Here, the preparation of NiO nanoparticle-dispersed electrospun N-doped porous CNF (NiO/PCNF) and as free-standing film electrode for high-performance electrochemical supercapacitors is reported. Polyacrylonitrile and nickel acetylacetone are selected as precursors of CNF and Ni sources, respectively. Dicyandiamide not only improves the specific surface area and pore volume, but also increases the N-doping level of PCNF...
March 12, 2018: Small
Zhaoyang Xu, Huan Zhou, Sicong Tan, Xiangdong Jiang, Weibing Wu, Jiangtao Shi, Peng Chen
With the worsening of the oil-product pollution problem, oil-water separation has attracted increased attention in recent years. In this study, a porous three-dimensional (3D) carbon aerogel based on cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized by a facile and green approach. The resulting CNF/PVA/GO aerogels were synthesized through an environmentally friendly freeze-drying process and then carbonized to yield CNF/PVA/GO carbon aerogels with low density (18...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Shadi Alsadat Kheradvar, Jhamak Nourmohammadi, Hadi Tabesh, Behnam Bagheri
Core-sheath nanofibrous mat as a new vitamin E (VE) delivery system based on silk fibroin (SF)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/aloe vera (AV) was successfully prepared by the electrospinning method. Initially, VE-loaded starch nanoparticles were produced and then incorporated into the best beadless SF-PVA-AV nanofibers. The successful loading of VE in starch nanoparticles was proved by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy indicated that spherical nanoparticles were successfully embedded within the nanofibers...
March 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Rui Xu, Jie Mao, Na Peng, Xiaogang Luo, Chunyu Chang
Numerous adsorbents have been reported for efficient removal of dye from water, but the high cost raw materials and complicated fabrication process limit their practical applications. Herein, novel nanocomposite microspheres were fabricated from chitin and clay by a simple thermally induced sol-gel transition. Clay nanosheets were uniformly embedded in a nanofiber weaved chitin microsphere matrix, leading to their hierarchical architecture. Benefiting from this unique structure, microspheres could efficiently remove methylene blue (MB) through a spontaneous physic-sorption process which fit well with pseudo-second-order and Langmuir isotherm models...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Sajeesh Kumar Madhurakkat Perikamana, Jinkyu Lee, Taufiq Ahmad, Eun Mi Kim, Hayeon Byun, Sangmin Lee, Heungsoo Shin
Tendon-bone interface tissue is extremely challenging to engineer because it exhibits complex gradients of structure, composition, biologics, and cellular phenotypes. As a step toward engineering these transitional zones, we initially analyzed how different (topographical or biological) cues affect tenogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). We immobilized platelet-derived growth factor - BB (PDGF-BB) using polydopamine (PD) chemistry on random and aligned nanofibers and investigated ADSC proliferation and tenogenic differentiation...
February 27, 2018: Biomaterials
Rezvan Mobasseri, Lingling Tian, Masoud Soleimani, Seeram Ramakrishna, Hossein Naderi-Manesh
Long-term culture, passage and proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) cause loss of their stemness properties including self-renewal and multipotency. By optimizing the MSCs environment in vitro, maintaining the stemness state and better controlling the cell fate might be possible. We have recently reported the significant effects of bioactive Tat protein-derived peptide named R-peptide on hMSC adhesion, morphology and proliferation, which has demonstrated R-peptide enhanced MSC early adhesion and proliferation in comparison to other bioactive molecules including RGD peptide, fibronectin and collagen...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yanfei Gao, Weili Shao, Wang Qian, Jianxin He, Yuman Zhou, Kun Qi, Lidan Wang, Shizhong Cui, Rui Wang
In bone tissue engineering, the fabrication of a scaffold with a hierarchical architecture, excellent mechanical properties, and good biocompatibility remains a challenge. Here, a solution of polylactic acid (PLA) and Tussah silk fibroin (TSF) was electrospun into nanofiber yarns and woven into multilayer fabrics. Then, composite scaffolds were obtained by mineralization in simulated body fluid (SBF) using the multilayer fabrics as a template. The structure and related properties of the composite scaffolds were characterized using different techniques...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
He Lian, Zhaoxu Meng
In this study, a poly (octanediol citrate) (POC)/bioglass nanofiber composite was prepared by incorporating electrospun bioglass nanofiber (5, 10, and 15% w/w) into the POC matrix. The bioglass nanofiber interacted with POC via physical adsorption and carboxylate formation, and thus the addition of bioglass nanofiber increased the glass transition temperature, modulus and strength; however, decreased the elongation at break when the amount of bioglass nanofiber was up to 15% w/w. Compared to the pure POC elastomer, the POC/bioglass nanofiber composites exhibited accelerated stimulation to the mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on the cell growth and osteogenic differentiation...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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