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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328202/synthesis-and-fabrication-of-nanocomposite-fibers-of-collagen-cellulose-nanocrystals-by-coelectrocompaction
#1
Elvis Cudjoe, Mousa Younesi, Edward Cudjoe, Ozan Akkus, Stuart J Rowan
An electrochemical process has been used to compact cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and access aligned micron-sized CNC fibers. Placing a current across aqueous solutions of carboxylic acid functionalized CNCs (t-CNC-COOH) or carboxylic acid/primary amine functionalized CNCs (t-CNC-COOH-NH2) creates a pH gradient between the electrodes, which results in the migration and concentration of the CNC fibers at their isoelectric point. By matching the carboxylic acid/amine ratio of CNCs and collagen (ca. 30:70 carboxylic acid:amine ratio), it is possible to coelectrocompact both nanofibers and access aligned nanocomposite fibers...
March 22, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326727/-development-and-characterization-of-oriented-scaffolds-derived-from-cartilage-extracellular-matrix
#2
Li Kun, Zhao Yanhong, Xu Chen, Wang Lianyong, Yang Qiang, Li Hongfa, Teng Binhong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prepare oriented scaffolds derived from a cartilage extracellular matrix (CECM) and to investigate their physicochemical property and compatibility with adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). METHODS: A fresh porcine articular cartilage was cut into pieces. Cartilage nanofibers with diameters of 50-500 nm were collected through homogenization and centrifugation. These nanofibers were then decellularized by using Triton X-100 to produce 6% CECM...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325936/in-situ-gisaxs-study-of-supramolecular-nanofibers-having-ultrafast-humidity-sensitivity
#3
Arpan Bhattacharyya, Milan K Sanyal, Umesha Mogera, Subi J George, Mrinmay K Mukhopadhyay, Santanu Maiti, Giridhar U Kulkarni
Self assembled nanofibers derived from donor-acceptor (D-A) pair of dodecyl methyl viologen (DMV) and potassium salt of coronene tetracarboxylate (CS) is an excellent material for the development of organic electronic devices particularly for ultrafast response to relative humidity (RH). Here we have presented the results of in-situ grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS) measurements to understand aridity dependent self reorganization of the nanofibers. The instantaneous changes in the organization of the nanofibers was monitored with different equilibrium RH conditions...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325907/photosensitization-of-tio2-nanofibers-by-ag2s-with-the-synergistic-effect-of-excess-surface-ti-3-states-for-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity-under-simulated-sunlight
#4
Samina Ghafoor, Sadia Ata, Nasir Mahmood, Salman Noshear Arshad
TiO2 nanofibers, with mean diameter ~200 nm, were fabricated by electrospinning and successfully photosensitized with low bandgap Ag2S nanoparticles of 11, 17, 23 and 40 nm mean sizes, with corresponding loading of 4, 10, 18 and 29 wt.% Ag2S, respectively. 17 nm Ag2S@TiO2 nanofibers exhibited optimal activity in the photodegradation of methylene blue under simulated sunlight with pseudo-first order rate constant of 0.019 min(-1) compared to 0.009 min(-1) for pure TiO2 nanofibers. In spite of greater visible-light absorption and reduced bandgap, larger than 17 nm Ag2S nanoparticles exhibited sluggish photodegradation kinetics probably due to less photo-induced carriers generation in TiO2 and reduced electron injection rates from the larger sized Ag2S into TiO2...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325333/physicochemical-properties-of-carum-copticum-essential-oil-loaded-chitosan-films-containing-organic-nanoreinforcements
#5
Eisa Jahed, Mohammad Alizadeh Khaledabad, Hadi Almasi, Reza Hasanzadeh
The aim of this research was to prepare of bionanocomposite films based on chitosan (CH) incorporated with Carum copticum essential oil and reinforced with cellulose nanofibers (CNF) or lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNF). The FTIR analysis showed new interactions in bionanocomposites. AFM and SEM analyses showed an increased roughness for bionanocomposites but suggested good dispersion of CNF and LCNF in CH matrix. X-ray diffraction confirmed that the degree of crystallinity was increased by addition of CNF/LCNF...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324629/electrospun-nerve-guide-scaffold-of-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-collagen-nano-bioglass-an-in-vitro-study-in-peripheral-nerve-tissue-engineering
#6
Forouzan Mohamadi, Somayeh Ebrahimi-Barough, Mohammad Reza Nourani, Mohammad Ali Derakhshan, Vahabodin Goodarzi, Mohammad Sadegh Nazockdast, Mehdi Farokhi, Roksana Tajerian, Reza Faridi Majidi, Jafar Ai
In among of various methods, nerve tissue engineering (NTE) is one of the applicable methods to reconstruct damaged nerve tissues. Electrospinning technique and biomaterials are often considered to fabricate fibrous tissue engineered conduits which have great similarity to the extracellular matrix on fiber structure. Polymer blending is one of the most effective methods for production of new materials with outstanding features. In this research, conduit structures as main part of the peripheral nerve regeneration based on polymer blend nanocomposites PCL/Collagen/NBG (poly (ε-caprolactone)/Collagen/nano bioglass) were manufactured by electrospinning technique...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323423/bioinspired-layer-by-layer-microcapsules-based-on-cellulose-nanofibers-with-switchable-permeability
#7
Thomas Paulraj, Anastasia V Riazanova, Kun Yao, Richard L Andersson, Anette Müllertz, Anna J Svagan
Green, all-polysaccharide based microcapsules with mechanically robust capsule walls and fast, stimuli-triggered and switchable permeability behaviour show great promise in applications based on selective and timed permeability. Taking cue from nature, the build-up and composition of plant primary cell wall inspired the capsule wall assembly, because the primary cell walls in plants exhibit high mechanical properties despite being in a highly hydrated state, primarily owing to cellulose microfibrils. The microcapsules (16 ± 4 µm in diameter) were fabricated using the Layer-by-Layer technique on sacrificial CaCO3 templates, using plant polysaccharides (pectin, cellulose nanofibers and xyloglucan) only...
March 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323407/tunneled-mesoporous-carbon-nanofibers-with-embedded-zno-nanoparticles-for-ultrafast-lithium-storage
#8
Geon-Hyoung An, Do-Young Lee, Hyo-Jin Ahn
Carbon and metal oxide composites have received considerable attention as anode materials for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their excellent cycling stability and high specific capacity based on the chemical and physical stability of carbon and the high theoretical specific capacity of metal oxides. However, efforts to obtain ultrafast cycling stability in carbon and metal oxide composites at high current density for practical applications still face important challenges because of the longer Li-ion diffusion pathway, which leads to poor ultrafast performance during cycling...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323293/atomic-scale-investigation-of-a-new-phase-transformation-process-in-tio2-nanofibers
#9
Yimin Lei, Jian Li, Zhan Wang, Jun Sun, Fuyi Chen, Hongwei Liu, Xiaohua Ma, Zongwen Liu
Crystallography of phase transformation combining transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with in situ heating techniques and X-ray diffraction (XRD) can provide critical information regarding solid-state phase transitions and the transition-induced interfaces in TiO2 nanomaterials theoretically and experimentally. Two types of reduced titanium oxides (Ti3O5, Ti6O11) are found during ex situ and in situ heating of TiO2 (B) nanofibers with a specific morphology of the {100} single form (SF) in air and vacuum...
March 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322551/microporous-carbon-polyhedrons-encapsulated-polyacrylonitrile-nanofibers-as-sulfur-immobilizer-for-lithium-sulfur-battery
#10
Ye-Zheng Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wu, Gui-Ling Pan, Sheng Liu, Xue-Ping Gao
Microporous carbon polyhedrons (MCPs) are encapsulated into polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers by electrospinning the mixture of MCPs and PAN. Subsequently, the as-prepared MCPs-PAN nanofibers are employed as sulfur immobilizer for lithium-sulfur battery. Here, the S/MCPs-PAN multi-composites integrate the advantage of sulfur/microporous carbon and sulfurized PAN. Specifically, with large pore volume, MCPs inside PAN nanofibers provide a sufficient sulfur loading. While PAN-based nanofibers offer a conductive path and matrix...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322511/controllable-self-assembly-of-amphiphilic-zwtterionic-pbi-towards-tunable-surface-wettability-of-the-nanostructures
#11
Meizhen Yin, Yong Ye, Baozhong Lü, Wenyu Cheng, Zhen Wu, Jie Wei
Amphiphilic molecules have obtained wide attentions for a few decades due to they possess both hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, and can form diverse nanostructures in selective solvents. Herein, we report an asymmetric amphiphilic zwitterionic perylene bisimide (AZP) with an octyl chain and a zwitterionic group on the opposite imide positions of perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride. The controllable nanostructures of AZP with tunable hydrophilic/hydrophobic surface have been investigated through solvent-dependent amphiphilic self-assembly as confirmed by SEM, TEM, and contact angle...
March 21, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319842/two-dimensional-growth-of-crystalline-nanofiber-fabricated-from-gemini-type-amphiphilic-diamide-derivative-inducing-the-thixotropic-property
#12
Manami Iizuka, Yuto Nakagawa, Kyohei Ohmura, Eiichi Satou, Atsuhiro Fujimori
The formation of a nanofiber morphology at the mesoscopic scale and the molecular-level packing of a gemini-type amphiphilic diamide derivative with two hydrocarbons were investigated from two perspectives. First, it was confirmed that a diamide derivative with two hydrocarbons forms crystalline nanofibers even in a monomolecular layer. The height, thickness, and lattice spacing of the two-dimensional orthorhombic system of this crystalline nanofiber in the monolayer of a diamide derivative with two hydrocarbons are 5, 30, and 0...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318103/a-phase-separation-route-to-synthesize-porous-cnts-with-excellent-stability-for-na-storage
#13
Zhi Chen, Taihong Wang, Ming Zhang, Guozhong Cao
Porous carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are obtained by removing MoO2 nanoparticles from MoO2 @C core@shell nanofibers which are synthesized by phase-segregation via a single-needle electrospinning method. The specific surface area of porous CNTs is 502.9 m(2) g(-1) , and many oxygen-containing functional groups (COH, CO) are present. As anodes for sodium-ion batteries, the porous CNT electrode displays excellent rate performance and cycling stability (110 mA h g(-1) after 1200 cycles at 5 A g(-1) ). Those high properties can be attributed to the porous structure and surface modification to steadily store Na(+) with high capacity...
March 20, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306233/coaxial-three-layered-carbon-sulfur-polymer-nanofibers-with-high-sulfur-content-and-high-utilization-for-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#14
Feng He, Jian Ye, Yuliang Cao, Lifen Xiao, Hanxi Yang, Xinping Ai
Great progress has been made on the cyclability and material utilization in recent development of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries; however, most of the sulfur electrodes reported so far have a considerable low loading of sulfur (60%), which causes a substantial decrease of energy density and is therefore difficult for battery applications. To deal with this issue, we fabricate a novel sulfur composite with a coaxial three-layered structure, in which sulfur is deposited on carbon fibers and coated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate)(PEDOT/PSS), thus enabling a high sulfur loading of 70...
March 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306204/preparation-of-superhydrophilic-and-underwater-superoleophobic-nanofiber-based-meshes-from-waste-glass-for-multifunctional-oil-water-separation
#15
Qinglang Ma, Hongfei Cheng, Yifu Yu, Ying Huang, Qipeng Lu, Shikui Han, Junze Chen, Rong Wang, Anthony G Fane, Hua Zhang
The deterioration of water resources due to oil pollution, arising from oil spills, industrial oily wastewater discharge, etc., urgently requires the development of novel functional materials for highly efficient water remediation. Recently, superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic materials have drawn significant attention due to their low oil adhesion and selective oil/water separation. However, it is still a challenge to prepare low-cost, environmentally friendly, and multifunctional materials with superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity, which can be stably used for oil/water separation under harsh working conditions...
March 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303522/nanotechnology-for-the-treatment-of-melanoma-skin-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Lucas B Naves, Chetna Dhand, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Lakshminarayanan Rajamani, Seeram Ramakrishna, Luis Almeida
Melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer and has very high rates of mortality. An early stage melanoma can be surgically removed, with a survival rate of 99%. This literature review intends to elucidate the possibilities to treat melanoma skin cancer using hybrid nanofibers developed by advanced electrospinning process. In this review we have shown that the enhanced permeability and retention is the basis for using nanotechnology, aiming topical drug delivery. The importance of the detection of skin cancer in the early stages is directly related to non-metastatic effects and survival rates of melanoma cells...
March 16, 2017: Progress in biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301130/graphene-embedded-hydrogel-nanofibers-for-detection-and-removal-of-aqueous-phase-dyes
#17
Kyungun Im, Duong Nguyen Nguyen, Saerona Kim, Hye Jeong Kong, Yukyung Kim, Chul Soon Park, Oh Seok Kwon, Hyeonseok Yoon
A facile route to graphene/polymer hydrogel nanofibers was developed. An aqueous dispersion of graphene (containing >40% bilayer graphene flakes) stabilized by a functionalized water-soluble polymer with phenyl side chains was successfully electrospun to yield nanofibers. Subsequent vapor-phase cross-linking of the nanofibers produced graphene-embedded hydrogel nanofibers (GHNFs). Interestingly, the GHNFs showed chemical sensitivity to the cationic dyes methylene blue (MB) and crystal violet (CV) in the aqueous phase...
March 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296144/aligned-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-nanofibers-guide-the-orientation-and-migration-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-neurons-astrocytes-and-oligodendrocyte-precursor-cells-in-vitro
#18
Anu Hyysalo, Mervi Ristola, Tiina Joki, Mari Honkanen, Minnamari Vippola, Susanna Narkilahti
Stem cell transplantations for spinal cord injury (SCI) have been studied extensively for the past decade in order to replace the damaged tissue with human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived neural cells. Transplanted cells may, however, benefit from supporting and guiding structures or scaffolds in order to remain viable and integrate into the host tissue. Biomaterials can be used as supporting scaffolds, as they mimic the characteristics of the natural cellular environment. In this study, hPSC-derived neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are cultured on aligned poly(ε-caprolactone) nanofiber platforms, which guide cell orientation to resemble that of spinal cord in vivo...
March 15, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295875/enhancing-the-mechanical-properties-of-electrospun-nanofiber-mats-through-controllable-welding-at-the-cross-points
#19
Haoxuan Li, Chunlei Zhu, Jiajia Xue, Qinfei Ke, Younan Xia
This communication describes a simple and effective method for welding electrospun nanofibers at the cross points to enhance the mechanical properties of their nonwoven mats. The welding is achieved by placing a nonwoven mat of the nanofibers in a capped vial with the vapor of a proper solvent. For polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers, the solvent is dichloromethane (DCM). The welding can be managed in a controllable fashion by simply varying the partial pressure of DCM and/or the exposure time. Relative to the pristine nanofiber mat, the mechanical strength of the welded PCL nanofiber mat can be increased by as much as 200%...
March 10, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294517/osteogenic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-hybrid-nanofibers-with-different-configurations-and-dimensionality
#20
D Gugutkov, F Awaja, K Belemezova, M Keremidarska, N Krasteva, S Kuyrkchiev, G GallegoFerrer, S Seker, A E Elcin, Y M Elcin, G Altankov
Novel hybrid, fibrinogen/polylactic acid (FBG/PLA) nanofibers with different configuration (random vs. aligned) and dimensionality (2D vs.3D environment) were used to control the overall behaviour and the osteogenic differentiation of human Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (ADMSCs). Aligned nanofibers in both the 2D and 3D configurations are proved to be favoured for osteo-differentiation. Morphologically we found that on randomly configured nanofibers, the cells developed a stellate-like morphology with multiple projections, however, time-lapse analysis showed significantly diminished cell movements...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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