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Guoqing Chang, Wajid Ullah, Yunfeng Hu, Liwei Lin, Xu Wang, Chang-Zhi Li
The formulation of optoelectronic components into 1D nanostructures allows the promotion of new materials with multifunctionalities. In this work, it is demonstrated that new synthesis of photocatalytic carbon nanofiber decorated with semi-embedded titanium oxide (TiO2 ), namely, TiO2 @carbon fiber, is conveniently accessed through the electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile polymer and TiO2 particle comixture, and then followed by photon-activated self-erosion to expose the embedded TiO2 and carbonization. The hybrid nanofibers are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis...
May 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Hao Jiang, Martin Ehlers, Xiao-Yu Hu, Elio Zellermann, Carsten Schmuck
Peptide amphiphiles capable of assembling into multidimensional nanostructures have attracted much attention over the past decade due to their potential applications in materials science. Herein, a novel diacetylene-derived peptide gemini amphiphile with a fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc) group at the N-terminus is reported to hierarchically assemble into spherical micelles, one-dimensional nanorods, two-dimensional foamlike networks and lamellae. Solvent polarity shows a remarkable effect on the self-assembled structures by changing the balance of four weak noncovalent interactions (hydrogen-bonding, π-π stacking, hydrophobic interaction, and electrostatic repulsion)...
May 22, 2018: Soft Matter
Miao Chen, Ranhao Wang, Yuqiu Zhu, Minzhuo Liu, Fawei Zhu, Jianbo Xiao, Xiaoqing Chen
Herein, for the first time, thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica (mSiO2 -SH) nanofibers with a spirally-curved twisted hexagonal morphology were synthesized via a simple one-pot protocol. 4-Mercaptophenylboronic acids (4-MPBA) were attached onto the mSiO2 -SH nanofibers via disulfide bond, serving as boronate affinity sorbent to selectively capture brassinosteroids (BRs) from plant extract. The resulting BRs-MPBA derivatives were easily eluted from the sorbent by cleaving the disulfide bond, which was subsequently subjected to ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) analysis...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Yunlei Yin, Jie Xiong
Due to the non-uniform material properties of electrospun nanofibrous mats and the non-linear characteristics of single fibers, establishing a numerical model that can fully explain these features and correctly describe their properties is difficult. Based on the microstructure of electrospun nanofibrous mats, two macroscopic continuum finite element (FE) models with a uniform or oriented nanofiber distribution were established to describe the mechanical behavior of nanofibrous mats under biaxial tension. The FE models were verified by biaxial tension experiments on silk fibroin/polycaprolactone nanofibrous mats...
May 19, 2018: Nanomaterials
Wan Khartini Wan Abdul Khodir, Abdul Hakim Abdul Razak, Min Hwei Ng, Vincenzo Guarino, Deny Susanti
In the current practice, the clinical use of conventional skin substitutes such as autogenous skin grafts have shown several problems, mainly with respect to limited sources and donor site morbidity. In order to overcome these limitations, the use of smart synthetic biomaterials is tremendously diffusing as skin substitutes. Indeed, engineered skin grafts or analogues frequently play an important role in the treatment of chronic skin wounds, by supporting the regeneration of newly formed tissue, and at the same time preventing infections during the long-term treatment...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Falan Li, Yemin Guo, Xiangyou Wang, Xia Sun
A dual-target electrochemical aptasensor was developed for the simultaneous detection of multiple antibiotics based on metal ions as signal tracers and nanocomposites as signal amplification strategy. Metal ions such as Cd2+ and Pb2+ could generate distinct differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks. When targets were present, kanamycin (KAN) and streptomycin (STR) as models, the KAN aptamer (KAP) and STR aptamer (STP) were released from their complementary strands, with more change of Cd2+ and Pb2+ corresponding to peak currents...
April 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jun Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Bin Zhang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Miao Yu, Jian-Wei Ma, Yun-Ze Long
Alginate nanofibers assembled with sliver nanoparticles throughout the whole nanofiber were fabricated by three steps including electrospinning of Na-alginate nanofibers, ion exchange between the sodium and silver ions, and in situ reduction of silver nanoparticles. The content, distribution and size of the nanoparticles are controllable by tuning reaction conditions. Ag/alginate nanofibers exhibit good humidity sensitivity in a wide humidity range from ambient RH (20%) to 85% RH. Interestingly, these humidity sensors can be attached to a 3M-9001V mask for monitoring human breath during exercise and emotion changes, and this smart exhibits accurate and continuous human-breath tracking no matter how fast or slow as well as how deep or shallow...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hayato Ouchi, Takahiro Kizaki, Masaki Yamato, Xu Lin, Nagahiro Hoshi, Fabien Silly, Takashi Kajitani, Takanori Fukushima, Ken-Ichi Nakayama, Shiki Yagai
Helical self-assembly of functional π-conjugated molecules offers unique photochemical and electronic properties in the spectroscopic level, but there are only a few examples that demonstrate their positive impact on the optoelectronic device level. Here, we demonstrate that hydrogen-bonded tapelike supramolecular polymers of a barbiturated oligo(alkylthiophene) show notable improvement in their photovoltaic properties upon organizing into helical nanofibers. A tapelike hydrogen-bonded supramolecular array of barbiturated oligo(butylthiophene) molecules was directly visualized by STM at a liquid-solid interface...
April 21, 2018: Chemical Science
Bahareh Shabanpour, Mohsen Kazemi, Seyed Mahdi Ojagh, Parastoo Pourashouri
Bacterial cellulose nanofibers (BCNF) were employed in order to improve various properties of fish myofibrillar protein (FMP) films of Silver carp. Three different levels (2, 4 and 6%, w/w) of the nanoparticles were added to the protein polymer substrate. In this regard, it became clear that 6% BCNF-containing nanocomposites had the highest tensile strength, which was about 49% better than control samples. The nanoparticles had positive impact on the physical properties; BCNF-containing films showed a reduction in water vapor permeability, swelling and solubility indexes...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ashley S Reynolds, Tanya H Pierre, Rebecca McCall, Ji Wu, Worlanyo E Gato
Tin dioxide nanofibers (SnDNFs) are small fibers that have many applications. Tin dioxide nanofibers can be used in cosmetics, solar cells, toxic gas release sensors, and air pollution control. To date there have been few studies on the cytotoxicity of SnDNFs. The goal of this research is to determine if electrospun SnDNFs are toxic in a lung cancer cell line (A549). Considering the nano-scale size of the fibers, they can easily be inhaled and enter the pulmonary system and cause toxic effects in the lung. Occupational exposure to SnDNFs has been linked to pulmonary disease, making the A549 cell line important in this study...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Mohammad Aref Khalily, Hakan Usta, Mehmet Ozdemir, Gokhan Bakan, F Begum Dikecoglu, Charlotte Edwards-Gayle, Jessica A Hutchinson, Ian W Hamley, Aykutlu Dana, Mustafa O Guler
π-Conjugated small molecules based on a [1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (BTBT) unit are of great research interest in the development of solution-processable semiconducting materials owing to their excellent charge-transport characteristics. However, the BTBT π-core has yet to be demonstrated in the form of electro-active one-dimensional (1D) nanowires that are self-assembled in aqueous media for potential use in bioelectronics and tissue engineering. Here we report the design, synthesis, and self-assembly of benzothienobenzothiophene (BTBT)-peptide conjugates, the BTBT-peptide (BTBT-C3-COHN-Ahx-VVAGKK-Am) and the C8-BTBT-peptide (C8-BTBT-C3-COHN-Ahx-VVAGKK-Am), as β-sheet forming amphiphilic molecules, which self-assemble into highly uniform nanofibers in water with diameters of 11-13(±1) nm and micron-size lengths...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
Gang Wang, Xunhui Xiong, Zhihua Lin, Jie Zheng, Zheng Fenghua, Youpeng Li, Yanzhen Liu, Chenghao Yang, Yiwei Tang, Meilin Liu
Lithium metal anodes are considered to be the most promising anode material for next-generation advanced energy storage devices due to their high reversible capacity and extremely low anode potential. Nevertheless, the formation of dendritic Li, induced by the repeated breaking and repairing of solid electrolyte interphase layers, always causes poor cycling performance and low coulombic efficiency, as well as serious safety problems, which have hindered the practical application of Li anodes for a long time...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
Dongxue Han, Jianlei Han, Shengwei Huo, Zuoming Qu, Tifeng Jiao, Minghua Liu, Pengfei Duan
The orthogonal- or co-assembly of achiral perylene bisimide (PBI) with chiral gelators can be regulated by solvents. While the coassembly leads to the formation of chiroptical nanofibers through chirality transfer, the orthogonal assemblies could not. Moreover, protonation on the coassembled nanofibers could light up the circularly polarized luminescence (CPL).
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jiabao Niu, Jianquan Wang, Xiaofu Dai, Ziqiang Shao, Xiaonan Huang
To develop healable hydrogels with excellent mechanical properties is still a challenge topic. In this study, a novel class of physically crosslinked polyacrylamide based nanocomposite hydrogels reinforced with cellulose nanofibers (CNF) were fabricated using radical polymerization, followed by further strengthening through ferric ions via strong ionic coordination interactions between Fe3+ and carboxyls on CNF surfaces. Then the obtained gels were characterized by FTIR, tensile and compressive measurements as well as healing experiments...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Saranya Jongaroontaprangsee, Naphaporn Chiewchan, Sakamon Devahastin
Water removal during drying of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) generally results in the formation of hydrogen bonds between fibers, leading to irreversible fiber agglomeration and hence their poor water redispersibility. The feasibility of using lime residues after juice extraction to produce dried NFC possessing superior redispersibility was here investigated. After autoclaving at 110-130 °C for 2 h, high-shear homogenization at 3800 × g for 15 min and high-pressure homogenization at 40 MPa for 5 passes, NFC having the diameters of 5-28 nm and crystallinity index of 44-46% could be obtained...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Hyeong-Seop Jung, Min Hee Kim, Ji Youn Shin, Se Ra Park, Ju-Young Jung, Won Ho Park
A nanofibrous β-chitin web was fabricated via electrospinning for use as a novel wound dressing material. β-chitin was extracted from cuttlefish bone using deproteinization and demineralization. First, cuttlefish bone was alkali-treated to remove the proteins and was then treated with the acid for demineralization. The extracted β-chitin was dissolved in formic acid as solvent to evaluate its electrospinnability, and the electrospinnability increased remarkably when β-chitin was blended with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) than without...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mohammad T Jafari, Mohammad Saraji, Mansoure Kermani
Carbon-silica hybrid nanofibers as high performance coatings for solid-phase microextraction fibers were used for analyzing some pesticides by using gas chromatography-corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry. To that end, the fibers were prepared by carbonizing sol-gel based on electrospun polyacrylonitrile and tetraethyl orthosilicate nanofibers as carbon and silica precursors, respectively. Different parameters affecting the electrospinning and the extraction processes including spinning distance, voltage, feeding rate, stirring rate, salt concentration, temperature and extraction time were optimized by response surface methodology...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yehia M Manawi, Ayman Samara, Tareq Al-Ansari, Muataz A Atieh
Carbon nanomaterials have been extensively used in many applications owing to their unique thermal, electrical and mechanical properties. One of the prime challenges is the production of these nanomaterials on a large scale. This review paper summarizes the synthesis of various carbon nanomaterials via the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. These carbon nanomaterials include fullerenes, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs), graphene, carbide-derived carbon (CDC), carbon nano-onion (CNO) and MXenes...
May 17, 2018: Materials
Hairul Abral, Arya Satya Anugrah, Fadli Hafizulhaq, Dian Handayani, Eni Sugiarti, Ahmad Nove Muslimin
This paper characterizes starch based biocomposite reinforced with varied nanofiber fractions, i.e. 35.4, 70.8 and 106.2 μg per 10 g of starch. During preparation, the biocomposite in form of gel was sonicated using an ultrasonic probe at various powers, i.e. 0, 480, 600, 720 watt at 20 kHz for 5 min. The results show that ultrasonication results in a significant improvement in biocomposite properties for each of the nanofiber fractions. The tensile strength, moisture resistance of the 35.4 μg nanofibers biocomposite increase significantly 279, 11% respectively after 600 watt ultrasonication...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Zhen-Yu Wu, Hai-Wei Liang, Bi-Cheng Hu, Shu-Hong Yu
Carbon aerogels that are typically prepared using sol-gel chemistry have unique three dimensional networks of interconnected nanometer-sized particles and thus exhibit many fascinating physical properties and great application potentials in widespread fields. To boost the practical applications, it is urgent to develop efficient and low-cost methods to produce high-performance carbon aerogels in large-scale, preferably in a sustainable way. In 2012, two new classes of aerogels consisting of carbon nanofiber (CNF) networks were prepared from biomass-derived precursor by chemosynthesis (i...
May 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
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