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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668140/-standardization-of-a-multiplex-real-time-pcr-test-for-the-identification-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-a-costaricensis-and-a-vasorum
#1
Rubén E Varela-M, Jinney Stefany Arias, Luz Elena Velásquez
INTRODUCTION: Angiostrongyliasis is a disease caused by Angiostrongylus nematodes that is present worldwide. The infections with the highest impact on human and animal health are caused by A. cantonensis, A. costaricensis, and A. vasorum. Clinical forms of the disease in humans are eosinophilic meningitis and abdominal angiostrongyliasis, while the most common effect on dogs are cardiopulmonary damages. It is deemed as an emerging disease as the result of the global dissemination of the African snail Lissachatina fulica, an intermediary host of these parasites...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668135/-costs-of-chagas-disease-screening-test-in-blood-donors-in-two-colombian-blood-banks-2015
#2
Nelson José Alvis, Diana Patricia Díaz, Liliana Castillo, Nelson Rafael Alvis, María Isabel Bermúdez, Olga Maritza Berrío, Mauricio Beltrán, Carlos Andrés Castañeda-Orjuela
INTRODUCTION: Transfusion is a mechanism of transmission of Chagas' disease. There are no studies on the costs of the screening test in Colombian blood banks. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the costs of the screening test for Chagas' disease among blood donors in two Colombian blood banks, 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a micro-costing study from the perspective of the health care provider to estimate the cost of Chagas' disease testing in two blood banks, Banco de Sangre de la Cruz Roja, Seccional Bolívar, and Banco de Sangre del Hospital de Yopal, Casanare, taking into account four cost categories: 1) Administrative costs: public services and insurance costs were calculated based on the blood bank area in square meters; 2) capital costs: building and equipment costs that were annualized using a 3% discount rate and a lifespan of 20 years for building and five for equipment; 3) costs of Chagas' disease test materials and reagents adjusted by blood bank production level, and 4) costs of staff in charge of Chagas' disease test processing...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667916/fiscal-impact-of-smoking-cessation-in-thailand-a-government-perspective-cost-benefit-analysis
#3
Mark P Connolly, Nikolaos Kotsopoulos, Pichaya Suthipinijtham, Suthat Rungruanghiranya
We evaluate the broader public economic consequences of investments in smoking cessation that change lifetime productivity, which can influence future government tax revenue and social transfer costs and health care spending. The analysis applies a government perspective framework for assessing the intergenerational relationships between morbidity and mortality and lifetime tax revenue and social transfers received. Applying smoking prevalence in Thailand, a cohort model was developed for smoker and former smokers to estimate impact on lifetime direct taxes and tobacco taxes paid...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667784/how-much-does-australia-spend-on-prevention-and-how-would-we-know-whether-it-is-enough
#4
Alan Shiell, Hannah Jackson
ISSUE ADDRESSED: How much Australia spends on prevention, how this compares with other OECD countries and how do we know if Australia spends enough. METHODS: Document review and integrative literature review. RESULTS: Australia spends $89 per person on prevention: or 1.34% of all health spending and 0.13% of gross domestic product (GDP). In comparison to other OECD countries, Australia is distinctly 'mid-table', 16th (of 31 countries) in terms of per capita spending, 19th in terms of share of GDP, and 20th in terms of share of health spending...
April 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667550/in-vitro-studies-on-cytotoxic-dna-protecting-antibiofilm-and-antibacterial-effects-of-biogenic-silver-nanoparticles-prepared-with-bergenia-ciliata-rhizome-extract
#5
Ghazna Zia, Haleema Sadia, Shabnam Nazir, Kiren Ejaz, Shaukat Ali, Ihsan-Ul-Haq, Tariq Iqbal, Muhammad Abdul Rauf Khan, Abida Raza, Saiqa Andleeb
BACKGROUND: Many health hazardous diseases are caused by clinical pathogens. Drug-resistant microbes are one of the major health problems in the world. To overcome the effect of infectious diseases new antimicrobial agent from nature has been explored which is environmentally friendly, less costly and more effective for the development of next-generation drugs. Bergenia ciliata and silver nitrate both have medicinal properties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current research was to evaluate the cytotoxic, and antibacterial effect of green synthesized nanoparticles using Bergenia ciliata rhizome against clinical bacterial pathogens...
April 17, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667526/optimizing-best-management-practices-to-control-anthropogenic-sources-of-atmospheric-phosphorus-deposition-to-inland-lakes
#6
Lee Weiss, Jesse Thé, Jennifer Winter, Bahram Gharabaghi
Excessive phosphorus loading to inland freshwater lakes around the globe has resulted in nuisance plant growth along the waterfronts, degraded habitat for cold water fisheries, and impaired beaches, marinas and waterfront property. The direct atmospheric deposition of phosphorus can be a significant contributing source to inland lakes. The atmospheric deposition monitoring program for Lake Simcoe, Ontario indicates roughly 20% of the annual total phosphorus load (2010-2014 period) is due to direct atmospheric deposition (both wet and dry deposition) on the lake...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667452/the-feasibility-of-employing-a-home-healthcare-model-for-education-and-treatment-of-opioid-overdose-using-a-naloxone-auto-injector-in-a-private-practice-pain-medicine-clinic
#7
Anthony Dragovich, Fred Brason, Thomas Beltran, Amy McCoart, Anthony R Plunkett
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if employing a home healthcare model for education and treatment of opioid overdose using Evzio® (Naloxone)* auto-injector in a private practice pain clinic. METHODS: A prospective survey was used to determine the feasibility of integrating a naloxone auto-injector within the patient's home with a home care training model. Twenty moderate or high-risk patients were enrolled from our chronic pain clinic. Patients who were moderate or high risk completed an evaluation survey...
April 18, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667324/estimation-of-cost-savings-between-2011-and-2014-attributed-to-infliximab-biosimilar-in-the-south-korean-healthcare-market-real-world-evidence-using-a-nationwide-database
#8
Jiyoun Kim, Dongmun Ha, Inmyung Song, Haesun Park, Sang-Won Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
AIM: The introduction of biosimilars is expected to reduce the cost of biologic drugs, but the actual cost savings have not yet been quantified in Korea. The aim of this study was to estimate the annual cost savings attributed to the introduction of infliximab biosimilar. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis using data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Patients Sample (HIRA-NPS) between 2011 and 2014. The study subjects were patients who were treated with infliximab, adalimumab or etanercept...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667259/the-cost-effectiveness-of-preventive-integrated-care-for-community-dwelling-frail-older-people-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Wilhelmina Mijntje Looman, Robbert Huijsman, Isabelle Natalina Fabbricotti
Integrated care is increasingly promoted as an effective and cost-effective way to organise care for community-dwelling frail older people with complex problems but the question remains whether high expectations are justified. Our study aims to systematically review the empirical evidence for the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of preventive, integrated care for community-dwelling frail older people and close attention is paid to the elements and levels of integration of the interventions. We searched nine databases for eligible studies until May 2016 with a comparison group and reporting at least one outcome regarding effectiveness or cost-effectiveness...
April 17, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667238/diet-quality-and-10-year-healthcare-costs-by-bmi-categories-in-the-mid-age-cohort-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#10
A Patterson, A Hure, T Burrows, J Jackson, C Collins
BACKGROUND: Better diets, as evaluated by diet quality indices, are associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although governments and researchers alike recognise the burden that obesity incurs for increased healthcare spending, there is insufficient evidence for the role of diet quality on healthcare costs. METHODS: Diet quality was assessed by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) for 6328 women aged 50-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667028/a-review-of-commercial-and-medical-grade-physiological-monitoring-devices-for-biofeedback-assisted-quality-of-life-improvement-studies
#11
Pedro Nogueira, Joana Urbano, Luís Paulo Reis, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Daniel Castro Silva, Ana Paula Rocha, Joaquim Gonçalves, Brígida Mónica Faria
With the rise in wearable technology and "health culture", we are seeing an increasing interest and affordances in studying how to not only prolong life expectancy but also in how to improve individuals' quality of life. On the one hand, this attempts to give meaning to the increasing life expectancy, as living above a certain threshold of pain and lack of autonomy or mobility is both degrading and unfair. On the other hand, it lowers the cost of continuous care, as individuals with high quality of life indexes tend to have lower hospital readmissions or secondary complications, not to mention higher physical and mental health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666309/hospital-admissions-associated-with-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-observational-studies
#12
Pajaree Mongkhon, Darren M Ashcroft, C Norman Scholfield, Chuenjid Kongkaew
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence in ambulatory care has received substantial attention in the literature, but less so as it affects acute care. Accordingly, we aimed to estimate the frequency with which non-adherence to medication contributes to hospital admissions. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts and PubMed (until December 2017) to identify prospective observational studies that examined prevalence rates of hospital admissions associated with medication non-adherence...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666145/development-of-sustainable-community-paramedicine-programmes-a-case-study-in-pennsylvania
#13
Yuan-Han Huang, Linlin Ma, Luke A Sabljak, Zachary A Puhala
BACKGROUND: Community paramedicine (CP) models have been applied across rural and urban communities in support of healthcare delivery systems for nearly two decades. However, there is still insufficient information regarding the development of sustainable CP programmes. This study explores the strategies used by active CP programmes and investigates their operational statuses, community demographics, financial models and challenges for programme development. METHODS: A series of interviews was conducted with four CP programmes in Pennsylvania, USA, which are affiliated with a local government, a health system, an ambulance service and an emergency medical service, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666139/last-year-of-life-study-cologne-lyol-c-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study-to-examine-care-trajectories-and-transitions-in-the-last-year-of-life-until-death
#14
Julia Strupp, Gloria Hanke, Nicolas Schippel, Holger Pfaff, Ute Karbach, Christian Rietz, Raymond Voltz
INTRODUCTION: The last year of life constitutes a particularly vulnerable phase for patients, involving nearly all health and social care structures. Yet, little scientific evidence is available that provides insight into the trajectories including the number and types of care setting transitions, transitions into palliative care and the dying phase. Only few studies have focused on difficulties associated with having to move between health and social care settings in the last year of life, although patients face a significant risk of adverse events...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666133/medical-overuse-in-the-iranian-healthcare-system-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Mohammad Zakaria Pezeshki, Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq, Ali Janati
INTRODUCTION: Lack of resources is one of the main problems of all healthcare systems. Recent studies have shown that reducing the overuse of medical services plays an important role in reducing healthcare system costs. Overuse of medical services is a major problem in the healthcare system, and it threatens the quality of the services, can harm patients and create excess costs for patients. So far, few studies have been conducted in this regard in Iran. The main objective of this systematic review is to perform an inclusive search for studies that report overuse of medical services in the Iranian healthcare system...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665854/a-community-based-physical-activity-intervention-to-prevent-mobility-related-disability-for-retired-older-people-retirement-in-action-react-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Afroditi Stathi, Janet Withall, Colin J Greaves, Janice L Thompson, Gordon Taylor, Antonieta Medina-Lara, Colin Green, James Bilzon, Selena Gray, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Claire E Sexton, Max J Western, Jolanthe L de Koning, Jessica C Bollen, Sarah J Moorlock, Naiara Demnitz, Poppy Seager, Jack M Guralnik, W Jack Rejeski, Ken R Fox
BACKGROUND: The REtirement in ACTion (REACT) study is a multi-centre, pragmatic, two-arm, parallel-group randomised controlled trial (RCT) with an internal pilot phase. It aims to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a community, group-based physical activity intervention for reducing, or reversing, the progression of functional limitations in older people who are at high risk of mobility-related disability. METHODS/DESIGN: A sample of 768 sedentary, community-dwelling, older people aged 65 years and over with functional limitations, but who are still ambulatory (scores between 4 and 9 out of 12 in the Short Physical Performance Battery test (SPPB)) will be randomised to receive either the REACT intervention, delivered over a period of 12 months by trained facilitators, or a minimal control intervention...
April 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665788/medical-expenses-of-urban-chinese-patients-with-stomach-cancer-during-2002-2011-a-hospital-based-multicenter-retrospective-study
#17
Xiao-Jie Sun, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, Hui-Yao Huang, Neng-Liang Yao, Ji-Yong Gong, Ya-Wen Sun, Guo-Xiang Liu, A-Yan Mao, Xian-Zhen Liao, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ling Mai, Bing-Bing Song, Yu-Qin Liu, Lin Zhu, Ling-Bin Du, Qi Zhou, Xiao-Jing Xing, Pei-An Lou, Xiao-Hua Sun, Xiao Qi, Yuanzheng Wang, Rong Cao, Ying Ren, Li Lan, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Jia-Lin Wang, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: In China, stomach cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Few studies have examined Chinese stomach cancer patients' medical expenses and their associated trends. The Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) is a Major Public Health Project funded by the central government. Through this project, we have extracted patients' medical expenses from hospital billing data to examine the costs of the first course treatments (which refers to 2 months before and 10 months after the date of cancer diagnosis) in Chinese patients with stomach cancer and the associated trends...
April 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665719/hyperinflation-of-isoproterenol
#18
Julie D'Ambrosi, Nilesh Amin
The hyperinflation of isoproterenol, a 75-year-old drug, in early 2015 was unbelievable. The attention of health-care professionals, health system administrators, legislators, and the general public was quickly focused on Valeant Pharmaceuticals, purchaser of several generics solely to raise their price. With isoproterenol easily launched toward the top of drug expenditures, pharmacists in many hospitals were forced to engage stakeholders in the investigation and implementation of alternatives, explore utilization and optimize inventory, reduce cost through sterile product preparation, where possible, restrict use to settings that were beneficial to their budget, and become legislative advocates...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665702/current-weight-management-approaches-used-by-primary-care-providers-in-six-multidisciplinary-healthcare-settings-in-ontario
#19
Stephanie Aboueid, Monika Jasinska, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
Background Obesity management in primary care has been suboptimal due to lack of access to allied health professionals, time, and resources. Purpose To understand the weight management approaches used by primary care providers working in team-based settings and how they assess the most suitable approach for a patient. Methods A total of 20 primary care providers (13 nurse practitioners and 7 family physicians) working in 6 multidisciplinary clinics in Ontario were interviewed. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using NVivo qualitative software...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665572/diagnostic-and-treatment-practices-for-psychogenic-nonepileptic-and-epileptic-seizures-in-namibia
#20
Anina du Toit, Chrisma Pretorius
PURPOSE: Information about existing healthcare resources for the management of seizures in developing countries is lacking. These countries are often poorly equipped to deal with the immense burden of costs, mortality, stigma, seizure-related disability, and comorbidities presented by seizure disorders. This study aimed to contribute to the goals of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) by investigating the resources available for patients with seizure in Namibia. METHODS: Two separate surveys on the diagnostic and treatment practices for epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) were administered to private healthcare practitioners (HCPs) in Namibia...
April 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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