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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424953/treatment-update-of-chronic-migraine
#1
REVIEW
Soo-Jin Cho, Tae-Jin Song, Min Kyung Chu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although chronic migraine (CM) is a common disorder that severely impacts patient functioning and quality of life, it is usually underdiagnosed, and treatment responses often remain poor even after diagnosis. In addition, effective treatment options are limited due to the rarity of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving patients with CM. In the present review, we discuss updated pharmacological, non-pharmacological, and neurostimulation treatment options for CM...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403494/-macrohaematuria-in-children
#2
Franziska E Müller-Semaan, Stefan C Müller
Urethritis posterior is a possible cause of asymptomatic haematuria in prepubescent boys. It is a benign lesion of the posterior urethra and its cardinal symptoms are blood spots in the underwear without any laboratory or radiologic findings. Urethrocystoscopy is the only way to confirm the diagnosis, but has been subject to criticism as it is associated with a high risk of strictures. It is advisable to adopt a "wait and see" strategy because urethritis posterior usually heals spontaneously over time. This condition is most likely caused by detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia, since behavioural intervention with biofeedback therapy offers good treatment results...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382495/cognitive-and-behavioral-interventions-in-epilepsy
#3
REVIEW
Beth A Leeman-Markowski, Steven C Schachter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cognitive and behavioral treatments for epilepsy offer several advantages, as they are relatively low cost, are non-invasive, lack serious side effects, and facilitate patient participation. Their role in the management of epilepsy, however, is unclear. The following manuscript will critically review the efficacy data regarding psychological treatments for seizure reduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Encouraging results have been found for the cognitive behavioral therapy-based Reiter/Andrews approach and mindfulness or arousal-based programs (e...
May 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364171/-relaxation-techniques-and-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-migraine-guidelines-from-the-german-migraine-and-headache-society
#4
P Kropp, B Meyer, T Dresler, G Fritsche, C Gaul, U Niederberger, S Förderreuther, V Malzacher, T P Jürgens, M Marziniak, A Straube
Besides pharmacological and interventional possibilities nonpharmacological options, deriving from behavioural approaches may be helpful in the treatment of migraine. Already consulting a patient reduces frequency of attacks. Relaxation (especially progressive muscle relaxation), endurance sports, and biofeedback as well as cognitive behavioural therapy are effective in treatment of migraine. The combination of these treatment options also with pharmacological treatment increase the positive effects.
March 31, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363763/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-modalities-in-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia
#5
REVIEW
Mélanie Morin, Marie-Soleil Carroll, Sophie Bergeron
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle physical therapy is recommended in clinical guidelines for women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Including isolated or combined treatment modalities, physical therapy is viewed as an effective first-line intervention, yet no systematic review concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy has been conducted. AIM: To systematically appraise the current literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities for decreasing pain during intercourse and improving sexual function in women with PVD...
March 28, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362517/long-term-functional-outcome-after-internal-delorme-s-procedure-for-obstructed-defecation-syndrome-and-the-role-of-postoperative-rehabilitation
#6
C A Leo, P Campennì, J D Hodgkinson, P Rossitti, F Digito, G De Carli, L D'Ambrosi, P Carducci, L Seriau, G Terrosu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term functional outcomes of Internal Delorme's Procedure (IDP) in patients refractory to conservative treatment for Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS), and to compare those who received postoperative rehabilitation with those who did not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with ODS refractory to nonoperative therapy were identified across three regional pelvic floor referral hospitals, and IDP was performed. Postoperatively selected patients received biofeedback therapy...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340625/habit-training-versus-habit-training-with-direct-visual-biofeedback-in-adults-with-chronic-constipation-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Christine Norton, Anton Emmanuel, Natasha Stevens, S Mark Scott, Ugo Grossi, Sybil Bannister, Sandra Eldridge, James M Mason, Charles H Knowles
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects up to 20% of adults. Chronic constipation (CC) affects 1-2% of adults. Patient dissatisfaction is high; nearly 80% feel that laxative therapy is unsatisfactory and symptoms have significant impact on quality of life. There is uncertainty about the value of specialist investigations and whether equipment-intensive therapies using biofeedback confer additional benefit when compared with specialist conservative advice. METHODS/DESIGN: A three-arm, parallel-group, multicentre randomised controlled trial...
March 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#8
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329366/ambulatory-voice-biofeedback-relative-frequency-and-summary-feedback-effects-on-performance-and-retention-of-reduced-vocal-intensity-in-the-daily-lives-of-participants-with-normal-voices
#9
Jarrad H Van Stan, Daryush D Mehta, Dagmar Sternad, Robert Petit, Robert E Hillman
Purpose: Ambulatory voice biofeedback has the potential to significantly improve voice therapy effectiveness by targeting carryover of desired behaviors outside the therapy session (i.e., retention). This study applies motor learning concepts (reduced frequency and delayed, summary feedback) that demonstrate increased retention to ambulatory voice monitoring for training nurses to talk softer during work hours. Method: Forty-eight nurses with normal voices wore the Voice Health Monitor (Mehta, Zañartu, Feng, Cheyne, & Hillman, 2012) for 6 days: 3 baseline days, 1 biofeedback day, 1 short-term retention day, and 1 long-term retention day...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321592/resonance-frequency-breathing-biofeedback-to-reduce-symptoms-of-subthreshold-ptsd-with-an-air-force-special-tactics-operator-a-case-study
#10
Lorene M Petta
The prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been estimated to be several times higher in military populations compared to the national average. Special Tactics operators are a group that is more likely to avoid seeking psychological care due to the stigma and other consequences the diagnosis may have on their military careers. There is a need for more effective and less stigmatizing interventions to treat this population. Psychophysiological methods have been proven to be efficacious in treating PTSD, yet have received less attention as an adjunctive intervention...
March 20, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297332/impact-of-incorporating-visual-biofeedback-in-4d-mri
#11
David T To, Joshua P Kim, Ryan G Price, Indrin J Chetty, Carri K Glide-Hurst
Precise radiation therapy (RT) for abdominal lesions is complicated by respiratory motion and suboptimal soft tissue contrast in 4D CT. 4D MRI offers improved contrast although long scan times and irregular breathing patterns can be limiting. To address this, visual biofeedback (VBF) was introduced into 4D MRI. Ten volunteers were consented to an IRB-approved protocol. Prospective respiratory-triggered, T2-weighted, coronal 4D MRIs were acquired on an open 1.0T MR-SIM. VBF was integrated using an MR-compatible interactive breath-hold control system...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#12
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed(®) and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#13
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268457/gaussian-process-dynamical-models-for-multimodal-affect-recognition
#14
Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco
Affective computing systems has a great potential in applications for biofeedback systems and cognitive conductual therapies. Here, by analyzing the physiological behavior of a given subject, we can infer the affective state of an emotional process. Since, emotions can be modeled as dynamic manifestations of these signals, a continuous analysis in the valence/arousal space, brings more information of the affective state related to an emotional process. In this paper we propose a method for dynamic affect recognition from multimodal physiological signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267690/pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-options-for-fecal-incontinence
#15
Alexandra Guillaume, Ahmed E Salem, Patricia Garcia, Bani Chander Roland
Fecal incontinence (FI), defined as the involuntary loss of solid or liquid feces through the anus is a prevalent condition with significant effects on quality of life. FI can affect individuals of all ages and in many cases greatly impairs quality of life but, incontinent patients should not accept their debility as either inevitable or untreatable. The severity of incontinence can range from unintentional elimination of flatus to the complete evacuation of bowel contents. It is reported to affect up to 18% of the population, with a prevalence reaching as high as 50% in nursing home residents...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259741/nonrelaxing-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-is-an-underestimated-complication-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#16
Kevin P Quinn, Chung Sang Tse, Amy L Lightner, Richard S Pendegraft, Felicity T Enders, Laura E Raffals
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonrelaxing pelvic floor dysfunction (N-RPFD), or dyssynergic defecation, is the paradoxical contraction and/or impaired relaxation of pelvic floor and anal muscles during defecation. Few studies have evaluated this disorder in patients with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). We investigated the frequency of N-RPFD in patients with and without chronic pouchitis following IPAA and the effectiveness of biofeedback therapy within this population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients with an IPAA who underwent anorectal manometry between January 2000 and March 2015 (n = 111)...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255635/patient-controlled-biofeedback-device-for-the-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence-a-pilot-study
#17
REVIEW
Daniel C Damin, Felipe Hommerding, Delber Schirmer, Paulo R S Sanches, Danton P Silva Junior, André F Müller, Paulo R O Thome
Although biofeedback has been used as a first-line therapy for fecal incontinence, it is known to be time consuming and demands attendance to a hospital during the whole period of treatment. In this study, we describe a new biofeedback device specifically developed for home treatment of fecal incontinence, which consists of a microprocessor controlled unit able to register and store the anal pressure waves corresponding to exercises performed by patients at home. In order to test the new device, a pilot study including ten patients with fecal incontinence was conducted...
March 2, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240013/assessment-of-physical-therapy-strategies-for-recovery-of-urinary-continence-after-prostatectomy
#18
Nivea Adriano de Santana Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Rommel Prata Regadas, Romulo Augusto da Silveira, Francisco Julimar Correia de Menezes
Introduction: Urinary incontinence is a complication of radical prostatectomy. Pelvic floor exercises can facilitate recovery of continence after surgery; however, there is not sufficient evidence that physical therapy with biofeedback training is effective, particularly with respect to providing a faster recovery. Objective: To analyze the application of physical therapy techniques in the recovery of urinary incontinence after prostatectomy. Methodology: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from April to October 2015 with patients undergoing radical prostatectomy up to three months after surgery at the Santa Casa de Misericordia in Northeastern Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231362/the-use-of-high-resolution-pharyngeal-manometry-as-biofeedback-in-dysphagia-therapy
#19
Ashli O'Rourke, Kate Humphries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226630/gaussian-process-dynamical-models-for-multimodal-affect-recognition
#20
Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia
Affective computing systems has a great potential in applications for biofeedback systems and cognitive conductual therapies. Here, by analyzing the physiological behavior of a given subject, we can infer the affective state of an emotional process. Since, emotions can be modeled as dynamic manifestations of these signals, a continuous analysis in the valence/arousal space, brings more information of the affective state related to an emotional process. In this paper we propose a method for dynamic affect recognition from multimodal physiological signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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