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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689915/a-3-year-clinical-evaluation-of-endodontically-treated-posterior-teeth-restored-with-two-different-materials-using-the-cerec-ac-chair-side-system
#1
Ting Lu, Ling Peng, Fu Xiong, Xiao-Yu Lin, Ping Zhang, Zhi-Ting Lin, Bu-Ling Wu
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The introduction of polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) materials may provide more options for dentists in restoring short clinical crowns and extensively damaged posterior teeth, but clinical data for their performance are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare the 3-year performance and survival rates of PICN material with those of conservative ceramic onlay restorations for endodontically treated posterior teeth using the CEREC AC chair-side system...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665295/broadband-monochromatic-and-quasi-monochromatic-x-ray-propagation-in-multi-z-media-for-imaging-and-diagnostics
#2
Maximillian Westphal, Sara N Lim, Sultana N Nahar, Enam Chowdhury, Anil Kumar Pradhan
With the advent of monochromatic and quasi-monochromatic x-ray sources, we explore their potential with computational and experimental studies on propagation through a combination of low and high-Z (atomic number) media for applications to imaging and detection. The multi-purpose code GEANT4 and a new code PHOTX are employed in numerical simulations, and a variety of x-ray sources are considered: conventional broadband devices with well-known spectra, quasi-monochromatic laser driven sources, and monochromatic synchrotron x-rays...
June 30, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651905/self-etching-ceramic-primer-versus-hydrofluoric-acid-etching-etching-efficacy-and-bonding-performance
#3
Hatem M El-Damanhoury, Maria D Gaintantzopoulou
AIM: This study assessed the effect of pretreatment of hybrid and glass ceramics using a self-etching primer on the shear bond strength (SBS) and surface topography, in comparison to pretreatment with hydrofluoric acid and silane. METHODS: 40 rectangular discs from each ceramic material (IPS e.max CAD;EM, Vita Mark II;VM, Vita Enamic;VE), were equally divided (n=10) and assigned to one of four surface pretreatment methods; etching with 4.8% hydrofluoric acid followed by Monobond plus (HFMP), Monobond etch & prime (Ivoclar Vivadent) (MEP), No treatment (NT) as negative control and Monobond plus (Ivoclar Vivadent) with no etching (MP) as positive control...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647224/does-artificial-aging-affect-mechanical-properties-of-cad-cam-composite-materials
#4
Ferhan Egilmez, Gulfem Ergun, Isil Cekic-Nagas, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo V J Lassila
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the flexural strength and Weibull characteristics of different CAD/CAM materials after different in vitro aging conditions. METHODS: The specimens were randomly assigned to one of the six in vitro aging conditions: (1) water storage (37°C, 3 weeks), (2) boiling water (24h), (3) hydrochloric acid exposure (pH: 1.2, 24h), (4) autoclave treatment (134°C, 200kPa, 12h), (5) thermal cycling (5000 times, 5-55°C), (6) cyclic loading (100N, 50,000 cycles)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633093/fracture-resistance-of-ceramic-and-polymer-based-occlusal-veneer-restorations
#5
Majed Al-Akhali, Mohamed Sad Chaar, Adham Elsayed, Abdulaziz Samran, Matthias Kern
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of thermodynamic loading on the durability and fracture resistance behavior of occlusal veneers fabricated from different biomedical dental CAD/CAM materials. METHODS: The occlusal surfaces of 64 extracted premolars were prepared in the enamel layer and restored with occlusal veneers with a fissure/cusp thickness of 0.5/0.8mm made from four different dental CAD/CAM materials: group LD lithium disilicate (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567055/surface-characteristics-and-biofilm-development-on-selected-dental-ceramic-materials
#6
Kyoung H Kim, Carolina Loch, J Neil Waddell, Geoffrey Tompkins, Donald Schwass
BACKGROUND: Intraoral adjustment and polishing of dental ceramics often affect their surface characteristics, promoting increased roughness and consequent biofilm growth. This study correlated surface roughness to biofilm development with four commercially available ceramic materials. METHODS: Four ceramic materials (Vita Enamic®, Lava™ Ultimate, Vitablocs Mark II, and Wieland Reflex®) were prepared as per manufacturer instructions. Seventeen specimens of each material were adjusted and polished to simulate clinical intraoral procedures and another seventeen remained unaltered...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552287/mechanical-properties-and-internal-fit-of-4-cad-cam-block-materials
#7
Alexis Goujat, Hazem Abouelleil, Pierre Colon, Christophe Jeannin, Nelly Pradelle, Dominique Seux, Brigitte Grosgogeat
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Recent polymer-based computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials have been commercialized for inlay restorations, a polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) and composite resin nanoceramics. Little independent evidence regarding their mechanical properties exists. Internal adaptation is an important factor for the clinical success and longevity of a restoration, and data concerning this parameter for inlays made with these blocks are scarce...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527394/elucidation-of-penetration-enhancement-mechanism-of-emu-oil-using-ftir-microspectroscopy-at-emira-laboratory-of-sesame-synchrotron
#8
Randa S H Mansour, Alsayed A Sallam, Imad I Hamdan, Enam A Khalil, Ibraheem Yousef
It has been proposed that Emu oil possesses skin permeation-enhancing effect. This study aimed to address its possible penetration enhancement mechanism(s) using IR microscopy, in accordance with LPP theory. The penetration of Emu oil through the layers of human skin was accomplished by monitoring oil-IR characteristic feature at 3006cm(-1). The unsaturated components of Emu oil accumulated at about 270μm depth of skin surface. The interaction of Emu oil with lipid and protein constituents of SC was investigated in comparison with a commonly used enhancer, IPM...
May 12, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502717/preferential-accumulation-of-gold-nanorods-into-human-skin-hair-follicles-effect-of-nanoparticle-surface-chemistry
#9
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Dörthe Dietrich, Uwe Karst, Amal G Al-Bakri, Enam A Khalil
HYPOTHESIS: Gold nanoparticles (GNP) are considered an ideal model to help understanding the nano-skin interface. The surface functionality of gold nanorods (GNR) is expected to influence the uptake of nanoparticles into specific targets of skin such as hair follicles or dermis. Hence, it should be possible to modify the surface chemistry of GNP to achieve more targeted and safe skin therapy. EXPERIMENTS: GNR functionalized with various surface ligands (neutral, anionic, cationic, and hydrophobic) were evaluated for their accumulation into hair follicles of human skin sheets using ex-vivo setup...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461047/influence-of-cement-type-and-ceramic-primer-on-retention-of-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-crowns-to-a-one-piece-zirconia-implant
#10
Nadja Rohr, Stefan Brunner, Sabrina Märtin, Jens Fischer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The best procedure for cementing a restoration to zirconia implants has not yet been established. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure the retention of polymer-infiltrated ceramic crowns to zirconia 1-piece implants using a wide range of cements. The effect of ceramic primer treatment on the retention force was also recorded. The retention results were correlated with the shear bond strength of the cement to zirconia and the indirect tensile strength of the cements to better understand the retention mechanism...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400359/unmet-need-for-surgery-in-south-asia
#11
Sanjay Nagral, Maharra Hussain, Sarder A Nayeem, Ranjan Dias, S Ather Enam, Samiran Nundy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395292/genes-involved-in-the-enamel-development-are-associated-with-calcium-and-phosphorus-level-in-saliva
#12
Erika Calvano Küchler, Giovana Daniela Pecharki, Myrella Lescio Castro, Junia Ramos, Fernando Barbosa, João Armando Brancher, Alexandre Rezende Vieira, Raquel Fernanda Gerlach, Paula Cristina Trevilatto
Saliva components play a crucial role in the integrity of the dental enamel and in caries susceptibility. The saliva characteristics are controlled by many factors, including genetic factors. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the association between the genetic variations in genes expressed in enamel development with calcium and phosphorus levels in saliva. We collected 276 unrelated 12-year-old children from private and public schools. Saliva was collected for DNA extraction from oral cells and for measurement of calcium and phosphorus...
2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395167/the-association-of-enamelin-lactoferrin-and-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-polymorphisms-with-high-caries-susceptibility-in-chinese-children-under-4-years-old
#13
Mengchen Wang, Man Qin, Bin Xia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the role of ENAM rs3796703, LTF rs1126478, and TNF-α rs1800629 in high caries susceptibility. DESIGN: The present case-control study included 1005 unrelated children under 4 years old: 505 with severe caries (dmft index ≥4) and 500 who were caries-free (dmft index=0 and without white-spot lesions). Questionnaires were obtained from parents and gardians about the children's diet and oral behavioural habits. All the children received dental examinations and oral swabbing for human genomic DNA collection...
August 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382465/significance-of-genetic-variations-in-developmental-enamel-defects-of-primary-dentition-in-polish-children
#14
Karolina Gerreth, Katarzyna Zaorska, Maciej Zabel, Michal Nowicki, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to reveal the association between developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ENAM, AMELX, AMBN, TUFT1, and TFIP11 genes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The molecular analysis was carried out in 52 children, aged 10-42 months, from four nursery schools situated in the region of Poznan, Poland (26 individuals with hypomineralization and/or hypoplasia of enamel - "cases" and 26 unaffected children - "controls"), chosen from 262 individuals that had prior dental examination...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349958/gene-expression-based-biomarkers-for-discriminating-early-and-late-stage-of-clear-cell-renal-cancer
#15
Sherry Bhalla, Kumardeep Chaudhary, Ritesh Kumar, Manika Sehgal, Harpreet Kaur, Suresh Sharma, Gajendra P S Raghava
In this study, an attempt has been made to identify expression-based gene biomarkers that can discriminate early and late stage of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients. We have analyzed the gene expression of 523 samples to identify genes that are differentially expressed in the early and late stage of ccRCC. First, a threshold-based method has been developed, which attained a maximum accuracy of 71.12% with ROC 0.67 using single gene NR3C2. To improve the performance of threshold-based method, we combined two or more genes and achieved maximum accuracy of 70...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345053/a-rh-ii-catalyzed-multicomponent-reaction-by-trapping-an-%C3%AE-amino-enol-intermediate-in-a-traditional-two-component-reaction-pathway
#16
Shunying Liu, Wenfeng Yao, Yuan Liu, Qinghua Wei, Jianghui Chen, Xiang Wu, Fei Xia, Wenhao Hu
Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) represent an ideal organic synthesis tool for the rapid construction of complex molecules due to their step and atom economy. Compared to two-component reactions, the development of new MCRs has been greatly limited during the 170 years since the first MCR was reported. Theoretically, the trapping of an active intermediate generated from two components by a third component could change the traditional two-component reaction pathway, leading to the discovery of MCRs. We report an example of the trapping of α-imino enols generated in situ from 1-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles via α-imino metal carbene species by vinylimine ions using C(2)-substituted indoles and paraformaldehyde as precursors in the presence of a rhodium(II) catalyst...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266114/interaction-of-lifestyle-behaviour-or-systemic-diseases-with-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-consensus-report-of-group-2-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#17
Iain L C Chapple, Philippe Bouchard, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Guglielmo Campus, Maria-Clotilde Carra, Fabio Cocco, Luigi Nibali, Philippe Hujoel, Marja L Laine, Peter Lingstrom, David J Manton, Eduardo Montero, Nigel Pitts, Hélène Rangé, Nadine Schlueter, Wim Teughels, Svante Twetman, Cor Van Loveren, Fridus Van der Weijden, Alexandre R Vieira, Andreas G Schulte
Periodontal diseases and dental caries are the most common diseases of humans and the main cause of tooth loss. Both diseases can lead to nutritional compromise and negative impacts upon self-esteem and quality of life. As complex chronic diseases, they share common risk factors, such as a requirement for a pathogenic plaque biofilm, yet they exhibit distinct pathophysiologies. Multiple exposures contribute to their causal pathways, and susceptibility involves risk factors that are inherited (e.g. genetic variants), and those that are acquired (e...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243376/preventive-gabapentin-versus-pregabalin-to-decrease-postoperative-pain-after-lumbar-microdiscectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mohsin Qadeer, Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Jawad Rashid, Syed Ather Enam, Salman Sharif, Ghulam Murtaza
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare pregabalin and gabapentin for mean postoperative visual analog score (VAS) for pain in patients undergoing single-level lumbar microdiscectomy for intervertebral disc prolapse at a tertiary care hospital. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Pregabalin has a superior pharmacokinetic profile and analgesic effect at lower doses than gabapentin; however, analgesic efficacy must be established during the perioperative period after lumbar spine surgery...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213184/forensic-applications-fluorescence-properties-of-tooth-coloured-restorative-materials-using-a-fluorescence-dslr-camera
#19
Ramya Kiran, Laurence J Walsh, Alexander Forrest, Marc Tennant, James Chapman
The objective of this study was to compare the fluorescence properties of dry and wet samples of contemporary tooth-coloured restorative materials using a fluorescence based DSLR camera and a variety of LEDs emitting different wavelengths of visible light as excitation sources. The materials examined included resin composites; ceramics and hybrid restorative materials such as ormocers, Vita Enamic™ and resin reinforced glass-ionomer cements. The levels of fluorescence for each sample under different combinations of incident light wavelengths and filters was analysed by using histogram data for colour channels from Adobe Photoshop software...
February 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195273/light-transmission-of-novel-cad-cam-materials-and-their-influence-on-the-degree-of-conversion-of-a-dual-curing-resin-cement
#20
Ferhan Egilmez, Gulfem Ergun, Isil Cekic-Nagas, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo V J Lassila
PURPOSE: To evaluate the light transmission characteristics of different types, shades, and thicknesses of novel CAD/CAM materials and their effect on the degree of conversion (DC) of a dual-curing resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Square specimens (12 × 12 mm2) of three CAD/CAM materials - GC Cerasmart, Lava Ultimate, Vita Enamic - of different thicknesses (1.00, 1.50, and 2.00 mm, n = 5 per thickness) were irradiated with an LED unit. The amount of transmitted light was quantified...
2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
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