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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214376/polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-cad-cam-inlays-and-partial-coverage-restorations-3-year-results-of-a-prospective-clinical-study-over-5-years
#1
F A Spitznagel, K J Scholz, J R Strub, K Vach, P C Gierthmuehlen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective clinical 5-year study was to evaluate the long-term behavior of monolithic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-fabricated minimally invasive polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) inlays and partial coverage restorations (PCR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Posterior teeth of 47 patients were restored with 103 restorations (45 inlays, 58 PCRs). After defect-oriented preparations, monolithic PICN restorations of VITA Enamic were fabricated with a CAD/CAM system (inEoS blue/CEREC inLab MCXL) and adhesively bonded (Variolink II)...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209585/video-microscope-robotic-arm-assisted-neuronavigation-guided-glioma-resection-and-regional-sampling
#2
Muhammad Waqas, Syed Ather Enam, Fauzan A Hashmi, Fatima Mubarak, Fazal Arain
High-grade gliomas possess internal pathological heterogeneity. Selective sampling of different tumor regions can help in the study of this heterogeneity. In this report, we have described the use of a novel navigation and optical system for the selective regional sampling of a high-grade glioma lesion. A 45-year-old gentleman presented to us with complaints of intermittent frontal headaches for past eight months. On examination, he had subtle pyramidal weakness in left upper and lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large contrast-enhancing, space-occupying lesion in the right frontal lobe causing perilesional edema and midline shift...
October 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207377/polymorphisms-in-nonamelogenin-enamel-matrix-genes-are-associated-with-dental-fluorosis
#3
Erika Calvano Küchler, Carolina Dea Bruzamolin, Marjorie Ayumi Omori, Marcelo C Costa, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Giovana Daniela Pecharki, Paula Cristina Trevilatto, Alexandre Rezende Vieira, João Armando Brancher
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms in AMELX, AMBN, ENAM, TFIP11, and TUFT1 genes are associated with dental fluorosis (DF). A total of 1,017 children from 2 Brazilian cohorts were evaluated. These populations lived in cities with fluoridation of public water supplies. DF was assessed in erupted permanent teeth using the modified Dean index. The polymorphisms rs946252, rs12640848, rs4694075, rs5997096, and rs4970957 were analyzed by real-time PCR from genomic DNA. Associations between DF, genotype, and allele distribution were evaluated using the χ2 test, with an alpha of 5%...
December 6, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195816/mechanical-properties-of-resin-ceramic-cad-cam-materials-after-accelerated-aging
#4
Caleb Blackburn, Hailee Rask, Abdallah Awada
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The development of polymer-based computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milling bocks and the limited availability of independent studies on these materials make it pertinent to evaluate changes in their mechanical properties after simulated aging to identify strengths and limitations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure the effect of thermocycling on the flexural properties of ceramic, resin, and resin-ceramic CAD-CAM materials...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188165/diffusion-tensor-imaging-for-ruptured-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation
#5
Muhammad Waqas, Ayesha Siddiqui, Fatima Mubarak, Syed Ather Enam
Non-ruptured arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) rarely cause tract disruption. Few studies have described how ruptured AVMs influence white matter (WM) tract morphology. We reviewed consecutive AVM cases treated at a tertiary care hospital where diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography was obtained preoperatively. DTI was performed using the Synaptive Plan (Synaptive Medical Inc., Toronto, Canada). Quality control was performed by clinical application specialist. Perinidal fractional anisotropy (FA) value of corticospinal tracts (CST) was obtained...
September 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185406/anaesthetic-management-of-supratentorial-tumor-craniotomy-using-awake-throughout-approach
#6
Faraz Shafiq, Fahad Salim, Ather Enam, Jai Parkash, Mohammad Faheem
The authors are reporting an anaesthetic management of patient presenting with left parietal lobe space occupying lesion and scheduled for Awake-craniotomy. Awake-throughout approach using scalp block was planned. Among techniques reported for keeping patient awake during the surgery, this one is really underutilized. The successful conduct requires thorough preoperative assessment and psychological preparation. We used powerpoint presentation as a preoperative teaching tool. The anatomical landmark technique was used to institute scalp block, where individual nerves were targeted bilaterally...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185146/lack-of-association-between-enam-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-in-czech-children
#7
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178763/influence-of-different-cavity-preparation-designs-on-fracture-resistance-of-onlay-and-overlay-restorations-using-different-cad-cam-materials
#8
Gizem Ön Salman, Ɣbrahim Halil Tacír, Zelal Seyfioğlu Polat, Afşin Salman
PURPOSE: To evaluate fracture strength of different preparation designed onlay and overlay restorations produced by Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and three different new ceramic-polymer blocks. METHODS: Ninety-one extracted human mandibular molars were used in this study. Preparations were made as (1) Only functional cusps reduction, (2) Only functional cusps reduction+rounded shoulder finish line, (3) All cusps reduction, or (4) All cusps reduction+rounded shoulder finish line...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172278/p16ink4a-subcellular-expression-patterns-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-adenoma-and-non-neoplastic-tissue-samples
#9
Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich, Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh- Sagheb
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common neoplasms with high mortality at advanced stages worldwide. Thus diagnosis of CRC at an early stage with sensitive molecular methods is a high priority. The aim of this study was to evaluate P16ink4a subcellular expression patterns in colorectal adenocarcinoma, adenoma and non-neoplastic tissue samples. Methods: A total of 137 colorectal formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from the pathology archives of Ali-Ebne-Abitaleb central hospital, Zahedan, Iran, were examined in three groups: adenocarcinoma (n= 63), adenoma (n= 38) and non-neoplastic (n= 36)...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169661/light-irradiance-through-novel-cad-cam-block-materials-and-degree-of-conversion-of-composite-cements
#10
Diogo Pedrollo Lise, Annelies Van Ende, Jan De Munck, Kumiko Yoshihara, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Luiz Clovis Cardoso Vieira, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVE: To assess light irradiance (LI) delivered by two light-curing units (LCU's) and to measure the degree of conversion (DC) of three composite cements, when cured through different thicknesses of two novel CAD-CAM block materials. METHODS: 100-μm-thick films of a dual-curable composite cement (G-CEM LinkAce, GC), a light-curable flowable resin-based composite (RBC) (G-ænial Universal Flo, GC) and a micro-hybrid RBC (G-ænial Posterior, GC) were investigated as luting agents...
November 20, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166421/wear-and-fracture-strength-of-new-ceramic-resins-for-chairside-milling
#11
Karina Zierden, Johannes Acar, Peter Rehmann, Bernd Wöstmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate wear and fracture strength of chairside-milled new ceramic resins after artificial aging in a chewing simulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two ceramic resins (Lava Ultimate and Vita Enamic) and two conventional ceramics (IPS Empress CAD and Celtra Duo) were tested. For analysis of wear, baseline and follow-up scans of the specimens were made, the scans were superimposed, and the wear was calculated. To determine fracture strength, the specimens were loaded until they fractured...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163197/variation-in-enamel-formation-genes-influences-enamel-demineralization-in-vitro-in-a-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-model
#12
Liangyue Pang, Qinghui Zhi, Peilin Zhuang, Lixia Yu, Ye Tao, Huancai Lin
Genetic studies have shown that variations in enamel formation genes are associated with caries susceptibility. The aim of this study was to test in vitro whether variants in these genes are associated with dental enamel demineralization in a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model. DNA and enamel samples were obtained from 213 individuals. DNA was extracted from saliva, and 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms were analyzed. The physical and chemical properties of sound enamel samples and the mineral loss and the lesion depth of the demineralized enamel samples under cariogenic challenge were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152620/efficacy-of-a-universal-adhesive-in-the-bond-strength-of-composite-cements-to-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic
#13
Nadja Rohr, Alba Flury, Jens Fischer
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a universal adhesive on the bond strength of composite cements to a polymer- infiltrated ceramic network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shear bond strength to a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (Vita Enamic) and to its polymer and ceramic components was assessed on polished surfaces using either a conventional dual-curing resin (RelyX Ultimate) or self-adhesive composite cement (RelyX Unicem 2 Automix). Substrate surfaces were either not pretreated or a silane coupling agent (Vitasil), a universal adhesive (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive), or both were applied...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144972/building-bridges-through-science
#14
Thomas Lissek, Michelle Adams, John Adelman, Ehud Ahissar, Mohammed Akaaboune, Huda Akil, Mustafa al'Absi, Fazal Arain, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Deniz Atasoy, Jesus Avila, Ashraf Badawi, Hilmar Bading, Abdul Mannan Baig, Jimena Baleriola, Carlos Belmonte, Ilaria Bertocchi, Heinrich Betz, Colin Blakemore, Olaf Blanke, Philipp Boehm-Sturm, Tobias Bonhoeffer, Paolo Bonifazi, Nils Brose, Patrizia Campolongo, Tansu Celikel, Cathy C Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Ami Citri, Hollis T Cline, Jesus M Cortes, Kathleen Cullen, Kellie Dean, José M Delgado-Garcia, Mathieu Desroches, John F Disterhoft, John E Dowling, Andreas Draguhn, Sherif F El-Khamisy, Abdeljabbar El Manira, S Ather Enam, Juan M Encinas, Asier Erramuzpe, José A Esteban, Isabel Fariñas, Edmond Fischer, Izumi Fukunaga, Iñigo Gabilondo, Detlev Ganten, Albert Gidon, Juan Carlos Gomez-Esteban, Paul Greengard, Valery Grinevich, Agnés Gruart, Roger Guillemin, Ahmad R Hariri, Bassem Hassan, Michael Häusser, Yasunori Hayashi, Natasha K Hussain, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Mohamed Jaber, Reinhardt Jahn, Essam Mohammed Janahi, Mohamed Kabbaj, Helmut Kettenmann, Merel Kindt, Shira Knafo, Georg Köhr, Shoji Komai, Harm Krugers, Bernd Kuhn, Nouria Lakhdar Ghazal, Matthew E Larkum, Mickey London, Beat Lutz, Carlos Matute, Luis Martinez-Millan, Mouna Maroun, James McGaugh, Ahmed A Moustafa, Anwar Nasim, Klaus-Armin Nave, Erwin Neher, Karoly Nikolich, Tiago Outeiro, Lucy M Palmer, Olga Penagarikano, Isabel Perez-Otano, Donald W Pfaff, Bruno Poucet, Atta-Ur Rahman, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Ali Rashidy-Pour, Richard J Roberts, Serafim Rodrigues, Joshua R Sanes, Andreas T Schaefer, Menahem Segal, Idan Segev, Saad Shafqat, Nikhat Ahmed Siddiqui, Hermona Soreq, Eduardo Soriano-García, Rainer Spanagel, Rolf Sprengel, Greg Stuart, Thomas C Südhof, Jan Tønnesen, Mario Treviño, Basim M Uthman, J Craig Venter, Alexei Verkhratsky, Craig Weiss, Torsten N Wiesel, Emre Yaksi, Ofer Yizhar, Larry J Young, Paul Young, Nasser H Zawia, José L Zugaza, Mazahir T Hasan
Science is ideally suited to connect people from different cultures and thereby foster mutual understanding. To promote international life science collaboration, we have launched "The Science Bridge" initiative. Our current project focuses on partnership between Western and Middle Eastern neuroscience communities.
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143397/marginal-fit-comparison-of-cad-cam-crowns-milled-from-two-different-materials
#15
Atousa Azarbal, Mohsen Azarbal, Robert L Engelmeier, Thomas C Kunkel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the marginal fit of CAD/CAM copings milled from hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic) blocks and lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD) blocks, and to evaluate the effect of crystallization firing on the marginal fit of lithium disilicate copings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standardized metal die with a 1-mm-wide shoulder finish line was imaged using the CEREC AC Bluecam. The coping was designed using CEREC 3 software. The design was used to fabricate 15 lithium disilicate and 15 hybrid ceramic copings...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142647/effects-of-staining-liquids-and-finishing-methods-on-translucency-of-a-hybrid-ceramic-material-having-two-different-translucency-levels
#16
Sebnem Ulviye Buyukkaplan, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Çağatay Barutcigil, Merve Arslan, Kubilay Barutcigil, Elif Ece Yoldan
PURPOSE: Beverages may affect the translucency of esthetic dental restorative materials. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of coffee and red wine on the translucency of a PICN material with two translucency levels, and finished with different methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2M2 high translucent and translucent VITA Enamic hybrid ceramic blocks were investigated. Rectangular specimens with the dimensions of 12 mm × 14 mm × 2 mm were prepared...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140719/effects-of-different-etching-methods-and-bonding-procedures-on-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-metal-brackets-applied-to-different-cad-cam-ceramic-materials
#17
S Kutalmış Buyuk, Ahmet Serkan Kucukekenci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic metal brackets applied to different types of ceramic surfaces treated with different etching procedures and bonding agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic CAD/CAM ceramic specimens (N = 120; n = 40 each group) of feldspathic ceramic Vita Mark II, resin nanoceramic Lava Ultimate, and hybrid ceramic Vita Enamic were fabricated (14 × 12 × 3 mm). Ceramic specimens were separated into four subgroups (n = 10) according to type of surface treatment and bonding onto the ceramic surface...
November 15, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130615/in-office-bleaching-efficacy-on-stain-removal-from-cad-cam-and-direct-resin-composite-materials
#18
Amal Alharbi, Stefano Ardu, Tissiana Bortolotto, Ivo Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of in-office bleaching on stain removal from stained resin composite and ceramic computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) blocks and direct resin composites. METHODS: Forty disk-shaped samples were fabricated from each of nine materials: six CAD/CAM (VITABLOCS Mark II, Paradigm MZ100, Exp Vita Hybrid Ceramic, VITA ENAMIC, Exp Kerr, and LAVA Ultimate) and three direct resin composites (Filtek Supreme, Venus Diamond, and Filtek Silorane)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119108/effect-of-endocrown-restorations-with-different-cad-cam-materials-3d-finite-element-and-weibull-analyses
#19
Laden Gulec, Nuran Ulusoy
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two endocrown designs and computer aided design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials on stress distribution and failure probability of restorations applied to severely damaged endodontically treated maxillary first premolar tooth (MFP). Two types of designs without and with 3 mm intraradicular extensions, endocrown (E) and modified endocrown (ME), were modeled on a 3D Finite element (FE) model of the MFP. Vitablocks Mark II (VMII), Vita Enamic (VE), and Lava Ultimate (LU) CAD/CAM materials were used for each type of design...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070948/antibacterial-activity-of-gold-nanorods-against-staphylococcus-aureus-and-propionibacterium-acnes-misinterpretations-and-artifacts
#20
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Enam A Khalil, Amal G Al-Bakri
The antibacterial activity of gold nanorod (GNR) suspensions of different surface functionalities was investigated against standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes, taking into consideration two commonly "overlooked" factors: the colloidal stability of GNR suspensions upon mixing with bacterial growth media and the possible contribution of "impurities/molecules" in GNR suspensions to the observed antibacterial activity. The results demonstrated that cationic polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH)-GNR were severely aggregated when exposed to bacterial growth media compared to other GNR suspensions...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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